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Jewish Ritua 1 - M u r d e r 
a Historical Investigation 

by Hellmut Schramm, Ph.D. 

a translation by R. Belser of 

D e r judische Ritualmo 

r d 
E i n e historische 

von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

The Murder of Simon of Trent (1475) 

Woodcut by Wolgemuth, from Schedel's We/to/zraw/A:, Nuremberg, 1493 
Note the (still) clearly recognizable types engaged in torturing Simon. . . 

^^^^^^^1^^ 1 

This translation is dedicated to Dr. Hellmut Schramm, whose fate remains unknown, and to 
Julius Streicher and all the other investigators who have paid with their lives for publicizing 
information about this subject. — R.B. 

Table of Contents 

Foreword -- xi 

Introduction -- xix 

Jewish Ritual Murders up to the Year 1840 -- page 1 -- 5 
■■ page 2 ■■ 23 
-- page 3 -- 41 

Damascus 1840 -- page 1 -- 63 
■■ page 2 ■■ 82 
-- page 3 -- 101 
-- page 4 -- 123 

Tisza-Eszlar 1882 ■■ page 1 - 135 
-- page 2 -- 156 
■■ page 3 - 178 

Skurz 1884 ■■ page 1 - 197 

Corfu 1891 ■■ page 1 - 205 

Xanten 1891 ■■ page 1 - 229 
■■ page 2 - 249 

Polna 1898/99 ■■ page 1 - 265 

Konitz 1900 ■■ page 1 - 289 
■■ page 2 - 310 

Kiev 1911 ■■ page 1 - 333 
-- page 2 -- 355 

Summary of the Historical Events -- page 1 -- 375 
■■ page 2 - 395 

Appendix -- 417 

1. Translation of the address delivered to the Vice-Regent of Egypt (4 August 1840) -- 419 

2. M. Cremieux in Vienna (December 1840) - 420 

3. Protocol II from 22 May 1882 - 426 

4. From the speech of Deputy Rickert in the Prussian House of Deputies (9 February 1892) 


5. Letter of Rohling to the Court at Cleves -- 430 

6. Excerpt from speech of the attorney Dr. Braxa at Kuttenberg -- 432 

7. Alhance for the Solution of the Konitz Murder -- 434 

8. Excerpt from speech of Deputy Liebermann von Sonnenberg, 7 February 1901 -- 435 

9. Table of Ritual-Murders estabhshed through present investigation -- 443 

10. Bibhography - 451 
Index of Locations -- 461 
Index of Persons -- 465 

Gallery and Maps Section 

Gallery I 

Gallery II 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 

Gallery VI 



A Note from the Translator. . . 

Since the original text is extensively footnoted and some of the notes refer to other pages in 
the book, I have indicated the page numbers from the original text with small red page 
numbers, so that you can quickly locate other sections of the text to which the author 
refers. All footnote numerals are hyper-linked to a footnote section and each note has a 
link back to the page where reference is made to it. Clarifications or comments of the 
translator will always be placed between square -- [ and ] -- brackets. 

In the original text, the author highlights the names of the important characters and 
emphasizes important features of the the case and/or documents by using a German form 
of emphasis : the insertion of spaces between the letters of a word. IVe chosen to bolden 
these names for ease in reading, and so that a quick scan of the text while scrolling through 
it should be sufficient for you to find any references you may be seeking. 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written 
permission of the translator is prohibited. All rights reserved. 

Regmeister Main Page 
Zum deutschen Abschnitt 
[to German Section] 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


Page 1 

(p. XI) 

Old Canaan was well acquainted with human sacrifice. We may leave it as an open 
question whether the remains of children's bodies, which have been found in 
Tanaak and Mutesellim in house-tombs, came from child sacrifice or the deceased 
children were simply buried there in the house, as the culture of Assur perhaps did. 
A genuine instance of human sacrifice by the King of Moab is found in // Kings 
3:27, in which the king is under attack by the Israelites and: "Then he took his 
eldest son, who was supposed to succeed him as king, and sacrificed him as a burnt 
offering on the wall. Then a great anger came against Israel, and they withdrew 
from him and returned unto their own land." This is certainly striking at the very 
least. One asks oneself why the people of Israel withdrew because of this sacrifice. 
This becomes clear when we recall that the old Hebraic religiosity dealt with 
human sacrifice. In II Judges 2:27-40, it is told how Jephtha sacrificed his 
daughter. In / Kings 16:34 we have a case of genuine building-sacrifice [Many 
cultures sacrificed either a human being or animal during construction of a major 
structure such as a temple or bridge, and often sealed up the living creature in the 
walls.]: "At the same time Hiel of Beth-El built Jericho. It took of him his eldest 
son Abiram when he laid the foundation and his youngest son Segub when he set 
the gates; according to the word of the Lord which he spake through Joshua, the 
son of Nun." 

In the same category belongs the remarkable judgement of God (/ Samuel 14:24- 
46) on account of which Jonathan was supposed to die for Yahweh. The people, 
however, rescued him. These are all accounts which occur later than the sacrifice 
of Isaac {Genesis 22), which is frequently interpreted as representing the 
overturning and replacement of human sacrifice by animal sacrifice among the 
Israelites. Animal sacrifice, however, does not replace and supplant human 
sacrifice; rather it represents it. If there is not a human available for sacrifice or if 
he is supposed to be spared, an animal can be taken. 

Smith-Stube brings out quite a number of such examples (XII) from the ancient 
East, but also among other peoples who knew the practice of human sacrifice. In 
Egypt the sacrificial animal was provided with a signet which shows the image of a 
chained man who has a sword at his throat. Plutarch tells that, according to a report 

of Aristodemos, during a plague in Sparta an eagle took from the priest the 
sacrificial knife with which he wanted to sacrifice the maiden Helen, and laid the 
knife upon a young cow. ApoUodorus reports (Bibl. I, 9, i) that during a famine the 
son of Athamas, named Phrixus, was supposed to be sacrificed together with his 
sister. His mother Nephele rescued him on a ram. 

In so far as a sacrificial animal can take the place of an actual intended human 
sacrifice as its representation, Jewry is not distinguishable from other peoples who 
have known human sacrifice. But it most conspicuously has retained this custom 
for a very long time. On the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, the Jewish father of 
the family takes a piece of female fowl for each female family member, and a 
rooster for every male family member and says: "Let this be my release, this be my 
exchange (the substitute, which steps in my place), this be my propitiatory 
offering." The custom is grounded in the regulation Leviticus 16:2-19: "And (God) 
spoke (to Moses): Say to thy brother Aaron, that he might not go at any time into 
the sanctuary behind the curtain before the seat of mercy, which is upon the ark, 
that he might not die; for I shall appear in a cloud upon the seat of mercy. Thusly 
shall he enter: with a young bullock for a sin-offering [= scapegoat] and with a ram 
for a burnt offering. And he shall put on a coat of linen and have linen breeches 
about his nakedness and gird himself with a linen girdle and have upon him a linen 
head-covering; for these are holy garments; and he shall bathe his flesh with water 
and put them on. Then shall he take two he-goats from the congregation of the 
children of Israel for a sin-offering and a ram for the burnt offering. And Aaron 
shall bring the bullock, his sin-offering, that he might atone for himself and his 
house. And he shall take the two he-goats and place them before the Lord, before 
the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And he shall cast lots over the two 
he-goats, one lot for the Lord and the other for the scapegoat. And he shall sacrifice 
as a sin-offering the he-goat on which falls the lot of the Lord. But the (XIII) he- 
goat, upon which falls the lot for the scapegoat, he shall take living before the 
Lord, that he may be reconciled and let the he-goat go into the wilderness for a 
scapegoat. And he shall therefore bring the bullock of his sin-offering and 
reconcile himself and his house and slaughter it. And he shall take a basin full of 
burning embers from the altar which stands before the Lord, and bring his hand full 
of crushed incense behind the curtain. And put the incense upon the fire before the 
Lord, that the cloud of incense might cover the mercy seat, which is upon the 
testimony, that he might not die. And take from the blood of the bullock and 
sprinkle it upon the mercy seat in the front with his finger; but before the mercy 
seat he shall sprinkle seven times with his finger from the blood. After this, he shall 
slaughter the he-goat, the sin-offering of the people and bring its blood behind the 
curtain and do with the blood as he did with the blood of the bullock and with it 
also sprinkle upon and before the mercy seat. He shall therefore reconcile the 
sanctuary from the uncleanness of the children of Israel and from their 
transgression in all their sins. He shall also therefore do this to the tabernacle of the 
congregation; for they are unclean who surround it. No man shall be in the 
tabernacle of the congregation when he enters to make atonement in the sanctuary, 
until he comes out; he shall therefore reconcile himself and his house and the 
whole congregation of Israel. And when he goes out to the altar which stands 
before the Lord, he shall reconcile it and shall take from the blood of the bullock 
and from the blood of the he-goat and put it upon the horns of the altar round 
about. And he shall sprinkle from the blood upon it with his finger seven times and 

purify it and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel." 

One should not press these biblical theories of the scapegoat too far, however. For 
why, today, is not a he-goat, but a rooster offered? As Rabbi Isidor Scheftelowitz 
attests to us in his dissertation Das stellvertretende Huhnopfer [The Representative 
Hen-sacrifice], (Isidor Scheftelowitz: Das stellvertretende Huhnopfer. Inaugural- 
Dissertation, GieBen, 1914) this Kaporoh-ssLcrifict on the 10th of Tishri, the Day of 
Atonement, continues to be practiced. Why just a rooster or a hen? Well, because 
"hen" in Hebrew is called geber — and "man" is also geberl Nothing could be 
clearer. The hen is an excellent representative for a human being. Is it the only 
one? In the year 1530 a (XIV) baptized Jew by the name of Antonius Margaritha 
published a book which excited sensation at the time (Der gantz JUdisch glaub mit 
sambt eyner griintlichen und wahrhaftigen anzeygunde, aller satzungen, 
Ceremonien, gebeten, heimliche und offentliche gebreuch usw. Leipzig 1530, 2.A., 
gemehr und gebessert. Daselbst. Melchior Lotther. 1531. 109BII. 
(Neu)Herausgegeben von Chr. Reineccius, Leipzig. 1705) [The entire Jewish belief 
together with a true and basic report of all doctrines, rites, prayers, secret and 
public traditions, etc. Leipzig 1530 2. A., enlarged and improved. Melchior 
Lotther. 1531. 109 pages. New edition by Chr. Reinccius, Leipzig. 1705]. In this 
book he says expressly that for a sin-offering one "ain affen zu solchem nemen soil, 
dann der selb, sehe ainem Menschen am aller geleychesten'' ["should take for such 
an ape, for that would seem most like a human being"]. 

According to Oskar Goldberg's book Die Wirklichkeit der Hebrder [The Reality of 
the Hebrews] (1925), Maimonides has mistaken the essence of Yahweh as (being) 
that of a god directed against the order of Nature. In this debate Goldberg, an 
authentic Chacham ha Yisroel, becomes at once very candid and stresses: "What is 
the reason for eating? For the building of the body. Therefore the equation follows 
between sacrifice and eating, that the performance of sacrifice serves the formation 
of the divine organism. It says expressis verbis in the Pentateuch [The first five 
books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and 
Deuteronomy, these are the so-called Mosaic books, which contain Mosaic Law.] ~ 
the sacrifice is designated as lechem Elohim [the Hebrew translated literally is: 
"bread of the Lord"] ~ as the dish for the Lord." And now appears a highly 
significant passage. Goldberg emphasizes: "In conjunction with the laws of 
cleanliness and uncleanliness it should also be shown how an ethical law is derived 
from a ritual. The proscription 'Thou shalt not murder' is, by its character, an 
ethical law ~ yet nonetheless it is a ritual. The Torah [Torah = Pentateuch] 
establishes this proscription by saying: 'The blood of the murdered man makes the 
land a hypocrite.' What does this mean? As pointed out, the blood of the sacrificial 
animal serves the formation of the divine organism. It is essential to the history of 
religion, that the Jews were the first people in the world capable of ritual, who 
exclusively used sacrificial animals. All other ritual-competent peoples of antiquity 
were dependent upon human sacrifice. That could not be otherwise, because their 
ritual became effective only through human sacrifice. For them, man and beast 
originate out of the same supernatural arrangement of Nature; therefore a beast 
cannot step into the place of a man. On the contrary: The Totem- animal is holy and 
inviolable. Abraham was the first to achieve sacrificing a ram in the stead of his 

In view of these things, it is unimportant that ancient peoples in times of their 
reUgious decUne already placed animal sacrifice (XV) next to human sacrifice, just 
as it is a matter of indifference that before Abraham there were already great 
individuals who made use of animals for sacrifice, as for example Abel (Hewel), 
whom one can simply call the inventor of this type of sacrifice. The essential point 
remains this, that the divine organism can make use only of animal sacrifice ~ 
whereas human sacrifice sets off in him the hostile and powerful effects which 
come from the natural order. Through the killing of a human being the incarnation 
of a foreign, hostile natural order is abetted. Therefore, says the Torah: 'The blood 
of the murdered makes the land a hypocrite.' That means: through such an act as 
murder the land appears as something different from what it is in reality. The land 
pretends to be the realm of manifestation of the Divinity presenting itself in the 
world ~ but in reality it is the point of invasion of an alien, hostile power of nature. 
~ That Jewry so taken up with Apologetics would have had reason to occupy itself 
with this explanation; for the proscription against killing a man out of ritual- 
reasons is the true 'refutation' of ritual-murder." 

Here Goldberg is playing hide-and-seek. He knows just as well as we do, that it is 
exactly the Gentile who is an animal according to Jewish law. The Talmud says 
explicitly: "You are called men, but the worldly peoples are not called men (but 
rather cattle)..." (Baba megia 114b and similar passages). That the Gentile is a 
beast, has never seriously been contested by any Talmudist. Now if animal 
sacrifice is pleasing to Yahweh, then accordingly ritual-murder is legally justified, 
only the sacrifice of a Jew would be a sin against the ritual laws. 

"For the life of the body is in the blood, and I have given it unto you upon the altar, 
that your souls might be reconciled by it. For the blood is the atonement, because 
the life is in it" {Leviticus 17:11). Even the dismemberment of the sacrificial 
victim, which is typical of ritual-murder, and the dispatching of portions into other 
Jewish congregations, is already covered in the Old Testament, "And he took a pair 
of oxen and dismembered them and sent (them) into all regions of Israel through 
messengers and let it be said: whoever does not follow Saul and Samuel, thus shall 
it be done unto his cattle" (I Samuel 1 1:7), or the story of the Levite who wanted to 
stop at night with his concubine in Bethlehem, whom the inhabitants of Bethlehem, 
"evil knaves" (XVI) wished to rape [to clarify: the men wanted to anally rape the 
Levite] and who delivered up to them [in his stead] his concubine; she was abused 
to death by the Bethlehemites: "When he returned home, he took a knife and laid 
hold on his concubine and cut her up, along with her bones, into twelve pieces and 
sent them unto all borders of the kingdom" {Judges 19:29). 

So much did Jewry have the reputation in antiquity of ritual-murder, that this 
horrible suspicion was even transferred to the early Christian Church. Not only the 
Jews, but also the early Christians were accused of slaughtering children, and that a 
newborn child, strewn with flour, was offered as a mystical symbol of initiation to 
the knife of whoever wanted to be accepted into the sect, and the blood drunk by 
him before those present. One may leave it an open question whether or not we 
have here a matter of exaggeration and calumny; certainly a considerable portion of 
the early Christians upheld circumcision and other Jewish traditions. That they 
were held in suspicion of also committing the horrifying practice of ritual-murder 
is at least psychologically understandable, even if that, which Daumer states in his 

Geheimnisse des christlichen Altertums [Mysteries of Christian Antiquity^ probably 
can by no means fully pass the test of criticism. Worthy of note, at any rate, are the 
remarks of Origen {Contra Celsum 1 §31): "The voluntary death of a man is a 
means of averting disasters and pestilence, plague, barrenness and the like." It is 
also unusual when Augustine says (Expositiones in Psalmos 103): "Our works the 
heathens may see, but not our sacraments." Why not? What was there to hide? 
These things might have haunted [the Church] up until the Middle Ages, and it 
might easily explain many a strange aspect of them. 

What has been missing until the present has been a thorough account of ritual- 
murder from the sources. We now have this, based upon reports and trial 
documents as the result of the industrious and thorough work of Dr. Hellmut 
Schramm. The number of those who really work in the area of the Jewish Question 
scientifically in depth and at the same time without compromise and proceed 
without ties to the clergy, is not great. In reality, it is much smaller than one might 
think. Often one will have the right instincts, another will have correct scientific 
methods, but both together are rarely found. Thus it is to be saluted that here in one 
serious work (XVII)a sharp weapon has been forged for us from brittle material for 
the discovery of Jewry. 

Jewry is biologically hereditary criminality, religious syncretism with a strong 
share of demonic belief. Who struggles against Jewry, that man "does the work of 
the Lord" and fights a godly battle. A valuable part of this struggle lies before us 
here, and I wish for him, that it might have much success. 

~ Berlin, at the beginning of the war year 1941 

Professor Doctor Johann von Leers 

Go to Author's Introduction 
Go to Chapter 1; Before 1840 

Go to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


Page 1 

(p. XIX) 

Alfred Rosenberg 

In the years of 
Germany's deepest 
powerlessness Alfred 
Rosenberg published a 
translation of the French 
work: The Jew, Jewry, 
and the Judafication of 
the Christian Peoples, 
which had already 
appeared in the year 
1869 and had as its 
author a Chevalier 
Gougenot des 
Mousseaux, yet it soon 
disappeared, having 
been bought out by 
Jewry while the author 
himself fell victim to a 
Jewish assault. 

He was eliminated not 
only because he had 
realized the mentality of 
the Jew with razor 
sharpness, but primarily 
in consequence of the 
publicizing of Jewish ritual-murders. With that, des Mousseaux had touched 
upon the deepest secret of Jewry and uncovered the crimes which had repeatedly 
been inflicted upon Gentile humanity as blood-tax by the Jews and which, due to 
all the economic, political and intellectual means of power at its command under 

masterful direction, in the overwhelming majority of cases had eluded earthly 
justice . 

In the past century "of light," the century of the great Jewish "liberation" and then 
in an absolutely consistent progression in our time, the phrase of the philosopher 
Seneca seemed to find its final and fruitful confirmation: "The conquered have 
imprinted their laws upon the conquerors!" The governments of the individual 
nations of Europe had become the compliant tools of Judah. During his own day, 
one of those German scholars was already able to discover this from his own bitter 
experience, whose life's work had likewise fallen victim to Jewish intrigues ~ the 
old Johann Andreas Eisenmenger, who died in 1704 as Professor of Oriental 
Languages in Heidelberg; he cited in his Entdecktes Judentum {Judaism 
Discovered} the following passage from the words of the Jewish convert Dietrich 
Schwab (307): (XX) "If the Jews get a government which favors and is well- 
disposed toward them, then they say: What a decent government this is! It accepts 
gifts gladly, therefore it's like the Jews, but there's a distinction! With this word 
they want to imply that they are better still than such a government, of however 
high a class it ever might be. . ." 

Hand-in-hand with the "worldly authority," church circles ~ by no means 
insignificant and uninfluential ~ were working for the protection of Jewry, church 
circles of which a considerable portion was composed of those who ~ to use the 
expression of the Jewish Professor Graetz ~ "took up the armament and flag of the 
enemy in order to annihilate him all the more forcefully" ~ with them, too, we shall 
have to inevitably concern ourselves more closely. 

"On the other hand, even devout Christian theologians adopt the expression by 
which the Jews are the Chosen People of God and moreover play the role of prison 
chaplains for whom every convict is an innocent man; since for one thing he of 
course protests his innocence, and secondly he hasn't set down in writing any notes 
about his alleged crime. . .The noble simplicity of these gentlemen is worthy of 
admiration. . ." wrote the Hamburg University Professor Siegfried Passarge in the 
year 1928 in the foreword to the 2nd volume of the Brafmann Das Buck vom Kahal 
{The Book of the Kahal], — The "noble simplicity of these gentlemen" is not only 
admirable, it is unscrupulous! They are the "unscrupulous brokers of the stock 
exchange of religion," the "incurable cancer," as the Jew Bogrow pointed out 
among his own people in his Memoir en eines Juden {Memoirs of a Jew] which 
appeared in 1880. Joining with the representatives of the theological faculty are 
renowned individuals of the remaining disciplines. When the Jew Beilis was 
standing trial in Kiev because of a ritual-murder committed against a 13 -year-old 
schoolboy, a Werner Sombart wrote thusly in 1912 in his Zukunft der Juden 
{Future of the Jews] (Leipzig, 1912, page 57): It is the Jewish people who, since 
the time of the Prophets, have brought the great ethical tone into the Concert of 
Humanity and continue to bring it through their best sons even today. The great 
tragic pathos which the natural world wishes to demoralize, comes in the end, 
indeed, from Judah and has merged from there into Christianity. . ." (XXI) "We 
never want to lose the deep, sad Jewish eyes. . ." 

The common bond of both ~ of state and church representatives ~ was formed, 
moreover (or better: simultaneously ~ with that strange attitude of mind which still 

sees representatives of a "Chosen People" even in the active "citizens of the Mosaic 
persuasion,") by the subterranean (and all the more dangerous for that!) threads of 
Freemasonry, that "illegitimate daughter of the synagogue," which confuses the 
heads of a certain European "intelligentsia," as we will get to know them in their 
dozens by signature. 

England, the classic nation of World Freemasonry ~ in 1717 the first free masonic 
lodge was already founded in London ~ and of World Jewry ~ as the infamous 
Jewish governess of Europe, naturally gave protection and help to Jewish ritual- 
murderers! That is shown very noticeably by the omission of the otherwise usual 
diplomatic "caution" in the ritual-murder trial of Damascus (1840) and Tisza- 
Eszlar (1882) just as during the events on Corfu (1891). "Thrice fortunate Britain, 
how much more worthy of envy than thy powerful fleets do thy citizens, thy 
parliament, and thy (judeo-"Christian") meetings make thee! Happy people, who 
have these things," exclaimed Jew Loewenstein with enthusiasm in the years of the 
beginning Jewish emancipation ~ but these connections shall also be more closely 
illuminated in what is to follow! 

Jewry itself now first brought to bear its "intellectual leader class" when it saw the 
time was ripe; that is, when there was fear that the situation for the ritual-murderers 
and their task-masters was turning critical. But still years later, after absolutely 
"satisfying" successes, the lay of the land was being "sounded." Each more recent 
circumstance shows quite clearly with what shrewdness Judah takes into account 
the chronically poor memory of certain responsible circles of Gentile humanity: 
before one proceeds to a new ritual-crime, the last slumbering suspicion of Jewish 
perpetration must be brought to the vanishing point ~ or is it merely accidental that 
ten (!) years after the blood-murder of (XXII) Tisza-Eszlar and a year after 
Xanten and Corfu, a Paul Nathan, Doctor of Philosophy, performed his clever 
and unscrupulous diversionary maneuver (der Prozefi von Tisza-Eszldr — Ein 
Antisemitisches Kulturbild and Xanten/Kleve; Betrachtungen zum Prozefi 
Buschhoff, both appeared in Berlin in 1892) [The Trial of Tisza-Eszldr - An Anti- 
Semitic Cultural Form mid Xanten/Cleves; Reflections upon the Buschhoff Trial], 
and a few years later new, horrible crimes already followed? 

For the Polna blood-murder (1898/99) another young Talmudist, the Jewish 
Berliner "counselor," Arthur NuBbaum (Der Polnaer Ritualmord-prozefi - Eine 
kriminal- psychologische Untersuchung, Berlin l906)[The Polna Ritual-Murder 
Trial — A Criminal-Psychological Examination] took over this role seven years 
after it and six (!) years after the the Konitz crime, supported by the Berlin 
University Professor of the Law, Dr. Franz v. Liszt, privy-councilor; already, in 
191 1, the ritual-murder of little Andrei Yustschinsky in Kiev followed, after an 
entire series of "puzzling" murders which remained unsolved had also occurred on 
German soil. 

Those "uneducated" persons, however, who did not tire of calling attention to this 
monstrous Jewish peril despite these Jewish tactics of muddying the waters ~ 
Theodor Fritsch, Liebermann von Sonnenberg, Otto Glagau, Dr. Ernst Henrici, 
the Forster brothers, and as was said of all the best, were showered with a deluge 
of slanders, insinuations and insults, and according to the "judgment" of Paul 
Nathan, they formed "the morally and intellectually backward elements of the 

nation," "a troop of unscrupulous men without any intellectual prestige and without 
moral respect," according to the "opinion" of the Jew Loewenstein (Damascia, 
page 247) "the scholarly rabble in Germany" ~ to give only a modest sampling. 

But the Gentile peoples, who knew on the basis of centuries-long gruesome 
experience exactly where the satanic murderers of their children were to be sought, 
and who, after each newly occurring crime, were able to recall earlier crimes 
carried out similarly in every way, comprised those very "classes of the people, in 
whom that kind of suspicion still lives; among the well-dressed rabble it has 
followers, and these mentally low-level classes, who are open to fanaticism and 
superstition, were goaded so long by political unscrupulousness (XXIII) until for 
them, the trial against one Jew seemed like a trial against Jewry. . ."(Nathan). The 
"colleague" of Nathan, Arthur NuBbaum, speaks of a "backward, religious rural 
population" and concerning it, that it is noteworthy "that all modern 'ritual-murder 
cases' have occurred in villages or small cities. . .," while for the theological faculty 
of the University of Leiden ("Christian witnesses against the blood-accusation 
against the Jews, etc.") it is merely a matter of "a superstition of deeply ignorant 
and disregardable people" ! 

The opposition to the Jews as such, however, and the appearance of reaction of any 
one people which has still not totally submitted itself to the Jewish blood- 
monstrosity, must "be extirpated, root and branch," and "the fight against them is 
for Jews and free-thinking Christians an act of enlightened patriotism" 

A Christian theologian ~ he stresses at the time that he is not of Jewish origin ~ the 
Berlin Theology Professor, privy councilor of the Consistory, D. Dr. H.L. Strack 
wrote accordingly in the year 1920, when his Fatherland was lying bled-out on the 
ground, the malicious sentence: "The Germans are also called Huns because they 
are considered to be anti-Semites. . ." For this he cites, referring to himself, 
Ephesians 6:14: "Therefore stand, girt round thy loins with truth and put on the 
armor of righteousness!" (Judische Geheimge seize?, 1920, page 29) {Jewish Secret 
Laws?^ ! ~ We shall have to discover during the course of the investigations which 
lie before us, that a man like Strack was by no means a singular phenomenon. . . 

One could have let this matter stay buried, if these very circles, which formerly 
were aptly described as German "Jewish defense troops," had not contributed to a 
considerable degree to the fact that Judah even then emerged as the victor, when 
once the case really should have been made against it. 

The expenditures by which threatening trials were nipped in the bud by the Jews, 
or when (in what were very rare instances) it was no longer possible to redirect the 
course of a court hearing, were enormous. At any rate, these machinations allow 
the consciousness of guilt of Jewry to be all the more clearly recognized and are, 
for this reason, (XXIV) represented with especial thoroughness. "A magically 
powerful bond is irrefutably wound about us from pole to pole, Israel lifts its voice 
as if with one throat and defends the purity of the Mosaic Law. . ." wrote the old 
Jew Mendelssohn with a smile after the Jewish triumph in Damascus in 1840 in a 
"public letter" from Paris, and Cremieux, one of the leaders of World Jewry and a 
high-degree Freemason, as he looked back, could claim for the same reason in 
Vienna that "sympathy for our maliciously persecuted brothers was awakened as if 

by electric shocks upon all points of the earth. . ." 

Characteristically, two politicians from that land which had become a downright 
Dorado of Jewish murder-plague ~ Hungary ~ had very keenly recognized this 
indirect confession of the World-guilt of Judah. As the Hungarian magnate Geza 
von Onody wrote in his well-known publication about the ritual-murder of Tisza- 
Eszlar in 1882: "It is likewise an undeniable fact that the whole of Israel identified 
itself with the accused schdchter [German has two words for those who butcher 
animals: der Schldchter and der Schdchter, the former has the same meaning as the 
English word "butcher," but the latter refers to Jewish ritual- slaughterers.] and their 
accomplices in the goal of misdirecting the administration of justice and 
thereby sanctioned, so to speak, the mentioned fact of a barbaric fanaticism." His 
companion in this struggle, the Knight Georg v. Marczianyi, asked in the same 
year: "Now who pays these sums, since the majority of the accused are beggar- 
poor Polish Jews? What other reason can Jewry have, therefore, for identifying 
itself with the Tisza-Eszlar monsters, than that of common awareness of guilt, and 
is this not nearly equivalent to the recognition of the existence of a blood-sacrifice 
ritual being practiced in secret in the Mosaic racial religion, the general knowledge 
of which is supposed to be suppressed at any price?" The motto of that Jewish 
world-alliance, founded by Cremieux in the year 1860, the Alliance Israelite 
Universelle (AIU), which also had "to protest" [the innocence of] Jewish ritual- 
murderers and their followers in times to come, reads, with real meaning: "All Jews 
vouch for one another" ~ from the least Galician Jewish beggar up to the Jewish 
Lord, the last and greatest Jewish secret was defended. 

Certainly for this reason it is totally absurd when historians, (XXV) though they 
have recognized the existence of ritual murder, wish to ascribe it merely to a 
special "sect," Hassidim, to some sort of "blood- alliance," to a secret organization, 
or to the "Odists" ("Haters") in the sense of Siegfried Passarges. Every Jew knows 
all about these matters and is, as the investigations to come show, even actually 
prepared at any time to at least provide support! [The translator takes strong 
exception to this claim while acknowledging that it contains a grain of truth.] 

If some of the ancient peoples ~ for example the Scythians, Cathaginians, 
Phoenicians, Aztecs, etc., practiced human sacrifice, this was based upon, first and 
foremost, sacrifice for religious goals (worship, prayer and thanksgiving), and not 
a lawfully dictated desire for the destruction of anything of a different kind from 
itself ~ quite apart from the fact that those peoples have long vanished, while the 
Jewish people still exists and is active. 

This desire for destruction is by no means to be understood in the narrow 
framework of a "denominational" standpoint. The Middle Ages saw the Jewish 
blood-murders as the outflowing not of racial, but of religious hatred. A certain 
inner justification of this conception might perhaps be acknowledged, insofar as the 
various Gentile ~ in this case Christian ~ classes in the population instinctively, 
because not yet undermined, saw in the Jew its natural enemy; but this latent or 
open hostility was immediately warded off when the Jew decided for some reason 
or other, either voluntarily or by coercion, to be baptized. This already becomes 
manifest in the early centuries. That Christianity ceased thereby to be a danger for 
Jewry, history has of course demonstrated: from that baptized Jewry arose the most 

zealous defenders of Jewish interests! In the 20th century, then, the Jew Cheskel 
Zwi Klotzel was able to maintain entirely with logic that the Christianity of today 
no longer meant danger, while Jewish hatred toward it was hotter than ever! 

This hatred becomes simply infernal when Jewry senses anywhere a beginning 
opposition to Jews, a beginning realization of this natural enemy of human society 
and human culture. It is very interesting to discover that that suspicion, which in 
the course of the centuries escalated to a desire to destroy, again and again 
circulated about Germany ~ Judah has ever had a fine sensitivity for where the 
(XXVI) actual danger was waiting for it ~ an instinct of the desert. In the 
framework of the investigations to be examined here, we must nevertheless 
maintain that the Jewish world power in increasing measure from century to 
century had remained the victor for reasons which will become clearer. Once a 
high Milan Catholic cleric, Athanasius Fern, made this assessment: "Jews were 
and still are well accused and even condemned (Damascus, Lutscha), but no longer 
executed in the Century of Light. . ." "Never was Jewish money as powerful, never 
has the blindness of formalistically trained judges been as great as it is today; Israel 
triumphs in every trial. But is it truly victorious? I say: No! These bloody acts cry 
to Heaven, they shall one day be terribly avenged. In the long run, the 
consciousness of the people will not be mocked. Then shall the eyes and the 
ears of those, who, out of the arrogance of education or for the sake of the 
ringing of Jewish gold-pieces, do not now wish to see or hear, be horribly 
opened. . ." (A. Fern). 

And Theodor Fritsch, the old master of the movement in opposition to the Jews, 
wrote in his foreword: "Jewry may slither its way from under the weight of the 
accusations: just as little as it once was able to weaken or refute them, even as little 
will it succeed against the proof of the evidence of this writing: the blood-witnesses 
of a religion tangled in murderous and blood-thirsty fanaticism arise as accusers 
and demand atonement and safety." 

We have become aware of the difficulties of our own work; yet it is valid to present 
what is in parts very difficult and dry material in a manner that will be generally 
understood. For this treatise has fulfilled its goal of supplying a further useful 
weapon for the final struggle with the Jewish world-octopus which is before us, if 
it can be put in the hands of every comrade of the people: this has obliged me to the 
most exacting scientific detailed work and doing without anything superfluous. 
Only a superficial or malicious judgment can impute to my work "prejudiced" 
attacks upon a certain circle of our people; this would be contradictory to the 
National Socialist attitude and to the sense and goal of the work! Thus far, 
however, let it be unsparingly emphasized that a category of persons already 
closely defined above represented Jewish interests (XXVII) and has been 
consciously acting completely contrary to the natural demands of the people. 

The exact designation of this variety of Jewish murder would be, of itself, "ritual 
blood-murder"; in the interests of brevity and in favor of past customary 
designations we will however speak in the following pages of ritual- or blood- 
murder; the description "Christian" we adopt only where it is found in the original 

To thank I have my loyal mentor, Herr University-Professor Dr. Joh. v. Leers, 

Jena, for the selfless and generous interest which he dedicated to this work, my 
publisher, Herr Theodor Fritsch, Berlin, for his resolve to bring out the book in a 
solid edition despite circumstances aggravated by the conditions of war, the 
Institute for Research of the Jewish Question in Frankfurt-am-Main for repeated 
examination of the manuscript, the Herren Dr. Denner and W. Freund, Berlin, for 
comradely assistance and important suggestions, and also the Information Bureau 
of the German Library in Berlin and the Saxony State Library at Dresden, to whose 
exacting work I mainly owe the arrangement of the most valuable material. 

The time has come for the thousand-year Jewish secret to be exposed to the light, 
as the old Ghillany prophesized over a hundred years ago; may this work, which 
has been many years in the making, be called upon to keep coming generations 

In the war year 1941 

Dr. Hellmut Schramm 

Go to Chapter 1: Before 1840 
Go to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h Ri t u a 1 - M ur d e r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Before 1840 

Page 1 

(p. 5) 

by Gandalfino d'Asti 

The Jewish ritual-murder is as old as Jewry itself; to a further definition the objection could be 
made, insofar as the Gentile view is concerned, of subjectivity, injustice, or even partisan malice. 
For this reason we present for clarification of the concept a Jewish passage, still generally valid 
today, from the Zohar, a "holy book" of Judaism, which is placed even before the Talmud by Jewish 
Orthodoxy. While the Talmud says in one passage {Baba mezia 1 14b) - to use this as an 
introduction - that only Jews are designated as human beings while the remaining peoples of the 
world (thus, all non-Jews, not only the Christian peoples) are called cattle, the Cabbalistic Zohar 
{Shining Light) contains an unmistakable directive for ritual-murder. This reads, verbatim according 
to the authentic translation of Dr. Bischoff : "Further, there is a command of slaughtering, which 
takes place in a ritually valid manner for strangers, who are not human beings but are like unto 
cattle. For those who do not concern themselves with the Jewish religious law, must be made 
offerings (!) of prayer, so that they are offered as sacrifice to the blessed God. And when they thus 
are offered to Him, it is said of them: "for thy sake are we murdered the whole day, slaughtered, 
like sheep at the slaughtering bench" (compare to this Psalm 44:23)! 

The exact point in time when these ritual-murders are to be carried out according to opportunity, is 
to be found in the Talmud passage Kethuboth 62a, where the slaughtering (schachat) of a boy on 
Passover evening is discussed. Actually, during the course of our investigation we will be able to 
determine that the individual acts of murder falling in the time of the Pessach are by no means of an 
accidental nature, but on the contrary they were and are executed by plan in observation of Jewish 
secret law. 

The Passover {Pessach) celebration is held in the month of March or, respectively, April for eight 

days' duration in remembrance of the removal of the "Children of Israel" (6) from Egypt. We can 
visualize what is said about the mass-slaughter of the first-born Gentile children in Egypt in Exodus 
12:30: "...and there went up a great wailing in Egypt, for there was no house in which there was not 
one dead", so we can understand that the institution of the Passover according to the instruction of 
the Jewish blood-god Yahweh: ". . .you shall have this day for remembrance and shall keep it as a 
feast to the Lord (Yahweh)" {Exodus 12:14), can receive its consecration in the Jewish sense only 
through acts of murder of non-Jews. A similar feast of murder are "the days of Purim'\ named after 
the Pur, or the lot, which was cast, "to terrify and to kill," a lot which delivered up to the Jewish 
slaughterers over 75,000 of the best men in the ancient Persian kingdom of King Xerxes, who had 
surrendered himself to alcohol through the machinations of Mordechai, a Jewish beggar who had 
ascended to the position of Court Jew, and his niece and royal concubine Esther; among the 
slaughtered was Haman and his ten sons; Haman was aware of the enemy and had clearly 
recognized the looming Jewish danger: ". . .there is a people, scattered and dispersed among all the 
peoples in all lands of your kingdom, and their law is different from that of other peoples, and they 
act not according to the laws of the king" (Esther 3:8). 

The Purim feast "they hold for two days each year, as they were ordained and appointed" (Esther 
9:27); this "feast," according to its entire historical or perhaps only legendary core, is likewise an 
explicit feast of revenge "at which Jewry strikes dead its enemies, at least in thought" (according to 
the assessment of the Jewish "Professor" Gunkel), just as the Book of Esther is a document of the 
first water of the most unrestrained and limitless Jewish revenge against all non-Jews, about which 
Luther (Table-Talk 2996, Erlanger Edition Volume 62, page 181) made the judgment: "Oh how 
they love the Book of Esther, which is in such fine tune with their blood-thirsty, eager- for-revenge 
murderous desires and hopes! The sun has never shone upon a more blood-thirsty and revenge- 
hungry people, than these who think of themselves as God's People, that they should murder and 
throttle the heathens." 

In the year 1848, the Bishop of Paderborn, Dr. Konrad Martin, an entirely "unsuspect" witness 
and an eminent expert in Jewish antiquity and customs, wrote in the (7) Katholischen 
Vierteljahrschrift fur Kunst und Wissenschaft [Catholic Quarterly Review of Art and Science^ about 
"the accusation that Jews seized Christian children in order to shed their blood during the Easter 
holiday," according to the example of the Abbot and Orientalist Chiarini, the following striking 

"To want to deny that Jews, at various times and locations have committed such crimes, is to 
erase from the books of history 30-40(1) recorded and established facts, and it is to destroy all 
the monuments which several cities have preserved unto the present day, along with the 
traditions involved in such an abominable attempt at assassination." [It is almost certain that all 
such public and/or church monuments and inscriptions — and there were a surprising number of 
them - have been removed and destroyed by those who are the actual rulers of Europe.] 

Under the pressure of historical material, even the Vatican saw itself forced on 18 November 1913 
to render its expert opinion unmistakably on the matter of Jewish ritual-murder as follows: "It is to 
be regarded as proven that it is an old Jewish custom to murder Christian children at Easter time." 
The documents relating to this, in the original texts written by the popes, are found in the Vatican 

Already in 1892 the Milan Osservatore Catolico published a list of 154 attempted or completed 
ritual-murders, from which it emerged that Jews sacrifice the blood of non-Jews on Good Friday. 

But when, a year after the victory of National Socialism in Germany, a Catholic opponent of the 
Jews maintained the fact of the ritual-murder custom in Austria in 1934 in a special monograph, the 
papers distanced themselves from him and his work was generally discredited because it "was un- 

Christian" (Theodor Fritsch: Handbuch der Judenfrage [Handbook of the Jewish Question])' 

It is natural that international Jewry, even after the murder instructions of its secret law books had 
become known to a larger circle in excellent and unimpeachable translations - beginning with those 
of Eisenmenger and up through Erich Bischoff - (8) denied, making all possible explanations, that 
these crimes were committed. The investigations which lie before us should help to demonstrate the 
dishonesty of this technique. 

Moreover, Judah itself has always had a very bad conscience. Thus, during the middle of the 13th 
century (see the passages relating to this in this book) a Jew who had mutilated his female servant 
for ritual purposes was prevented from confessing the true reasons for the crime shortly before his 
execution, so that he might not be able to say anything to the detriment of Judaism. 

On the occasion of the ritual-murder trial at Damascus in 1840, there was an attempt with enormous 
expenditure of money and just as great political pressure, to cause a personage in authority to omit 
the planned translation of the Talmud and other books, using the extremely revealing argument that 
this would mean a "humiliation of the Jewish Nation." 

But in truth, "the Jews no longer had the hope of denying what was proven during the course of the 
trial, namely that the blood of all non-Jews belongs to them." Thus a French compiler of the trial, 
Achille Laurent, expressed it, in his work dealing with the entire trial against the Jews in 
Damascus, which was published in 1846 in Paris and soon disappeared in a mysterious manner 
(Volume II, 1846, page 292, cited by G.d. Mousseaux; see more about this below.): "Swallowed up 
by Jewish gold, this historical memorial has almost completely vanished; one still comes across 
some single copies only in the places which are unreachable by Jewish claws. Translated in Italy 
and reissued several times there, the same persecutory rage descended upon it and made it 
disappear. The publication of P. de Mondovi of Marseilles about the same subject is likewise 
unable to be found, although it had several editions. 

This hunting down [of such works] has its good reasons. One does not seek to destroy trial 
documents if one is innocent of the crimes which they contain. . ."(Henri Desportes: Le mystere du 
sang chezjuifs de tous les temps, Paris, Savine, 1889, page 189). 

Of what further dangerous things there are in the Jewish books of law, the Jews themselves know 
very well. (9) A Lemberg Jewish paper (2) wrote thusly: "To promote a translation of the 
Schulchan aruchiTi, is a base thing and a forgetting of God. For this translation, should it occur 
(which may God prevent!) will necessarily bring down upon us the misery of our brothers 300 years 
ago in Spain." - Let it be noted: "necessarily"! 

To the Orientalist Johann Andreas Eisenmenger, who died totally impoverished in Heidelberg in 
1704 in a "sudden death," 10,000 Taler were "bid," if his work were left unpublished - according to 
the valuation of money at the time, this was a sum from which he could have lived comfortably. But 
since he assessed truth higher and his book Entdecktes Judentum [Judaism Discovered], despite 
repeated attempts at bribery, nevertheless did appear, it was confiscated by the political pressure of 
World Jewry. 

Another scholar, Raabe, who translated the Mishnah, the basic text of the Talmud, completed about 
200 A.D., received from a Mannheim Jewish middleman an offer of 3000 Taler together with a 
beautiful villa on the Rhine, if he gave up the publication of his work. . .At the beginning of the 
19th century the revelations of Neophyte concerning the Jewish blood-practice appeared. Behind 
this name was concealed, as could first be determined many decades later, the former Rabbi Noe 
Weinjung. His work was extirpated by his racial comrades, and it would have been completely lost 
to the future if some Greek and Italian translations, which also have again become very rare, had 

not been done. Weinjung himself was rescued in a Romanian cloister from the death threats of the 
Jewish mob, which was scared off. But subsequently, in order to defame his revelations, which 
totally agreed in their frightful details even with future blood-practice committed by Jewry, the 
Jews declared in all places of the world that the work of Neophyte had been generated in a "drunken- 

Brafmann(4), to whom one owes informative revelations about (10) the rabbinate, was poisoned in 
accord with Talmudic murder-laws at the end of the previous century - just as happened to a 
Chevalier Gougenot des Mousseaux, who was so "incautious" as to also mention some ritual- 
murders in his work: Der Jude, das Judentum and die Verjudung der christlichen Volker [The JeWy 
Judaism, and the Judafication of the Christian Peoples^. 

A "sudden death" overtook Doctor Pinner at the moment when he had translated the first part of the 
Talmud. . .Others, who could not be immediately eliminated for one reason or another, were 
nonetheless slowly harried to death with the same end result, with the support of authorities 
belonging to the Jews and by "Christian" theologians; such was the case for Justus-Briman, who 
published his Judenspiegel oder 100 neuenthUllte, heutzutage noch geltende Gesetze der Juden 
[Jewish Mirror or 100 newly discovered and still currently valid laws of the Jews^, and also for the 
Orientalist at the University at Munster, Jakob Ecker, who completed and wrote commentaries for 
the Jewish-Mirror, and even beyond his death in 1912 - he died as a highly respected Professor at 
the Bishop's Priest Seminary at Trier; he was slandered in shameless fashion by the Weimar 
Regional Rabbi Wiesen. About the treatment which was accorded to the Prague University 
Professor August Rohling, a book hardly laudable to the situation obtaining in the Royal and 
Imperial Monarchy could be written, and even in the most recent times, 1933, the hospitality of 
Leiden University was withdrawn from Johann von Leers by the old Huizinga, because the 
German scholar had also written about Jewish ritual-murder. . . 

With these names only a few striking examples have been emphasized - they will be dealt with yet 
in another connection. 

Jewry knew why it persecuted these men with downright satanic hatred, Maimonides knew why he 
taught: "If an unbeliever reads the Talmud, so has he deserved death . . .": Ritual-murder exists not 
just in the "hysterical fantasy of out- worn superstition," the confessions of ritual-murderers can not 
be subsequently devalued as "extracted by torture," on the contrary, they are documentary and 
authentically evidentiary records of Jewish murder, which prove as factual the occurance of ritual 
murders up to our own time, for Jewish ritual crimes will be committed as long as the Chosen 
People are at all able to encyst themselves in Gentile humanity, and as long as the (1 1) true reason 
for these satanic crimes is not shown in all sharpness: as a lawfully dictated, repeated with 
strange regularity, tied neither to place nor time, and conscious profanation of the non- Jew 
who is considered the equivalent of cattle; crimes which because of this have never been totally 
fought against because their secret motives remained unknown and the non- Jew, confronting these 
facts in stunned bewilderment, still seemed inclined to submit himself to the blood-monster of the 
Jewish desert-god. 

During the course of the centuries, in warding off these Jewish crimes and their perpetrators, the 
people oftentimes grasped at self-help, though no lasting success attended it, since the protection of 
those to whom the blood and honor of the people was entrusted, faltered. But the people nonetheless 
emotionally and correctly recognized what their spiritual or secular authorities in nearly all cases 
either didn't want, or were not allowed, to see - that the Jew and his crimes are constantly and 
unalterably the same, or, as a chronicler plainly and rightly says in his description of the martyrdom 
of a child kidnapped for ritual-murder in the year 1724: "The Jews are still Jews, and not one hair 
better than they were before this" (Ignatius Zach von Wilthau: Das heilige Kind Andreas von Rinn, 
Augsburg, 1724) [The Holy Child Andreas ofRinn]. Two centuries earlier the great adversary of 

Luther, D. Johann Eck of Ingolstadt, in his book: Ains Judenbuechlins velegung [Publication of a 
little Jewish Book], Ingolstadt, 1541, establishes the same thing: ". . .Thus there is no more blood- 
thirsty a people on the earth than the Jews, for they are blind, constipated, and of a hardened heart. . 
.not even a miracle is of help to them. . ." 

What is to follow is not a matter of issuing a list of documentarily proven Jewish ritual-murders 
which has any claim to completeness. Such a list would be endless. 

We wish to make clear that the cases before us represent only a tiny fraction of that horrifying 
murder which has replayed itself before our terrified eyes in centuries and millennia. 

In this investigation, according to opportunity, only those cases should be collected which in the 
course of time were intentionally placed ad acta, (12) or which have been retained as especially 
typical and informative in regard to this type of Jewish murder-plague and its accomplices. 

One question naturally occurs: Are ritual-crimes still possible today? 

As mentioned at the beginning, they are still possible anywhere, even today, and are actually 
committed where Judah believes itself to be unobserved, and can bleed a people, as we can prove 
by means of unerring evidence, for the Jewish blood-intoxication is as old as the Jewish tribe itself 
and is commanded by the blood-god Yahweh. 

The New Germany would have the right to be freed from Jewish murders; the representatives of the 
"Chosen People" living among us know that the mere attempt or the mere preparation for such a 
murder would unleash measures against it which would put Judah in an even greater state of shock. 

In 169 B.C., the Temple of Jerusalem was plundered. The King Antiochus Epiphanes of Syria 
discovered a hidden chamber in which a Greek was found, who implored the king for rescue: he 
said that he had been lured into the Temple by Jews and held prisoner. In response to his questions, 
his guards had told him that a secret law existed with the Jews which commanded them to sacrifice 
a human being each year at a certain time. (Apion in his - as is typical - vanished book Gegen die 
Juden [Against the Jews]. The above passage is cited in the counter-argument of the Jew Josephus: 
Josephus contra Apionem, II, 8) [Josephus against Apion]. Among other things, Josephus asks: ". . 
.Why should the Jews have chased after only the Greeks, when other strangers still travelled 
through Palestine!" We can only respond: They took the very men whom a favorable opportunity 
placed in their hands! It is conspicuous that Josephus, among the very feeble arguments in his 
"defense," did not introduce the very ones which are brought up first and foremost today by the 
Jews, that in particular it is strictly forbidden to the Jews to consume blood, that the "heathens" are 
held to be "unclean", and so forth. (See Ghillany: Die Menschenopfer der alten Hebrder, page 545 
and following.) [Human Sacrifice of the Ancient Hebrews]. 

In the old voluminous Socratic Church history from the 5th century A.D., it says among other 
places in the 16th chapter of (13) the 7th book, that in the year 418 on a Jewish feast day, several 
Jews in the Imnestar region (which lies between Chalcis and Antioch) where they were accustomed 
to arrange their "comedies," stretched out a Christian boy on a cross to mock Christians and finally 
scourged him to death - an early prelude to the many later, carried-out-according-to-plan, bloody 
acts, as here a boy in his tenderest years is tortured to death while his limbs are stretched out in the 
form of a cross - so, too, a thousand years later at Trent. What an endless chain of Jewish blood- 
murders, though, lies between the two! 

In the year 614 the Jews purchased from the Persian King Chosroes II, 90,000 prisoners for an 
insignificant sum after the conquest of Jerusalem, in order to then sacrifice them all in the crudest 
way (Cluverus, Epitome hist., p. 386; Hosman, p. 92). 

At Easter time of the year 1144 (Bollandists, Man ///, 588/91) [March III] the Jews at Norwich in 
England took prisoner a twelve-year-old boy William, chained him and pierced the body of their 
victim with sharp instruments. The blood flowing from out of a wound near the heart was collected. 
In order to retard the rate of blood flowing out, the sadistic murderers basted the child's head with 
hot water. The corpse was put into a sack and thrown outside of the place into the shrubbery. The 
chief official of the place, who had been bribed by the Jews, held back a detailed announcement. 
Finally, however, the murder was atoned for. The victim was canonized by the Church. England 
had still further blood-crimes to record in the 12th century, as in 1 160 at Glouchester (Mon. Germ, 
hist. Script. VI, 520; Boll., Man HI , 589). [View image of William from Norwich Cathedral here] 

In 1181, under the government of Henry II, the chronicler reported a completed ritual- slaughter of 
the boy Robert at Easter time in London (Boll., Man III, 589). 

According to the Monumenta Historica Germaniae [Historical Records of Germany] {Scriptores, 
vol. VI and also Acta sanct. Man HI, 591) during the Easter feast of 1 171 a boy from Blois was 
crucified and thrown into the Loire in a sack. Count Theobald of Chartres had the leaders burned. 
Those who converted to Christianity were pardoned. 

In France, furthermore, in the cellar of the castle of Pontoise (14) on the 25th of March of the year 
1179, a boy was scourged by Jews and stretched on a cross to be bled to death under the mocking 
shouts from a raging mob of Jews. The child has entered the roll of martyrs as "Holy Richard of 
Paris" and is highly revered by the people (Boll., Man HI, 591) . His body rests in the Church of 
the Innocents at Champeaux. [What a contrast there is between 1943, when this was still true, and 
the Paris of 2001, where a Jew is "Minister of Culture" and of course doing his utmost to annihilate 
and miscegenate every last trace of genuinely French/European culture from the country.] 

D*Arbois de Jubainville reports in his Geschichte der Henoge und Grafen der Champagne 
[History of the Dukes and Counts of Champagne] (Paris, 1865, Part I, page 72) under the date of 
April 15 of the year 1192, the following facts: The Jews of Braisne had crowned a Christian with 
thorns, led him through the streets with hands bound behind his back, whipped and crucified him; 
this happened under the eyes of the Countess Agnes von Dreux who had been bribed by the Jews. 
"The outrage was universal. King Philipp August, just returned from the Holy Land, went in 
person to Braisne and had 80 Jews burned." The king had the firm conviction that annually during 
Holy Week the Jews secretly sacrificed a Christian. Although the Jews in his kingdom, but 
especially in Paris - the "Jewish Athens" of that time - had great influence, this king found the rare 
courage to take draconian retaliatory measures. The Jew Caro in his Sozial- und 
Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Juden [Social and Economic History of the Jews], I, page 362, speaks 
however of a "cruel procedure in Bray-sur-Seine (1 192), when 80 and more (Jews) met their death," 
but prudently omits statements which approach the reasons for this "persecution of the Jews"! 

In the 13th century this terrible custom seems to have spread more and more. In Zaragoza the Jews 
made a law among themselves that anyone who delivered a Gentile child into captivity should be 
free from all debts and fees. During the long reign of King Alfonso X the "Wise" (1252-1284) 
countless ritual crimes, in part judicially and historically attested, occurred on Spanish soil. Alfonso 
X of Castile was finally so convinced of the fact of blood-murder, that in the 24th volume of the 
penal code Las Partides (named after the the seven divisions) authored by him, he enclosed the 
following regulation in his own hand: "Since it is legally proven and established that the Jews (15) 
annually murder Christian children before their feast of Easter for the mocking and humiliation of 
Christianity and likewise for the goal of blood-sacrifice , I command that every Jew who is 
convicted of such a crime, or who even, for the purpose of of the symbolic mockery of 
Christendom, crucifies a figure representing a Christian copied out of wax, will become a child of 
death!" Jews were not allowed to leave the house during the Eastertime. The sexual intercourse of 
the Jews with Christian women was made punishable by death. Truly, a wise king, but 

unfortunately an exceptional phenomenon in terms of his conduct. (Geza von Onody, p. 79; see also 
G. Caro II, 239). In the year 1220 at WeiBenburg in Alsace the child Heinrich was killed by Jews 
(Acta sanct., April II, p. 505). Jews in Munich extracted from a small child by means of piercings 
and incisions all the blood, "while they made use of their customary criminal practices" (H. 
Desportes, p. 65). The crime was discovered by accident: 140 Jews were condemned to a fiery 
death (see Meichelbeck, Geschichte von Freising, II, 9A)[History of Freising]. 

In the year 1235 the population of Germany grasped at self-help against this murder-plague after a 
series of bestial murders: From 1 - 3 January of the year 1235 (Aronius, Regesten z. Gesch. d. Juden 
in frank, u. deutsch. Reich, page 206)[Collection of Documents for the History of the Jews in the 
French and in the German Kingdom] as a result of the murder of a boy there, a persecution of the 
Jews took place at Lauda and the neighboring Tauberbischofsheim (Baden), at which houses and 
property of the Jews were destroyed by the enraged crowd and eight highly placed Jews were 
burned. At the beginning of December of the same year the population of Wolfesheim (at 
StraBburg) also resorted to self-help: after the murder of a citizen 18 Jews are supposed to have 
been killed in the course of the persecution. 

A general wave of outrage moved over Germany when two Fulda Jews on Christmas Day 1235 
attacked five boys in the mill of a miller who lived in front of the gates of the city and had gone to 
Holy Mass with his wife, miserably killed the boys, collected their blood in a prepared pouch and 
finally had set fire to the mill to cover the tracks of their bestial atrocity. But the bodies of the 
children were brought as corpora delicti into the Reichspfalz to Haganau to the Emperor (16) 
Frederick II; their arrival set the population into terror and outrage. But the Emperor, after shortly 
before having received a high sum of money from Jewish hands, merely gave the answer: "If they 
are dead, so go and bury them, since they're of no use for anything else" (Si mortui sunt, ite, sepelite 
eoSy quia ad aliud non valent. — Aronius, page 208). 

The citizens of Fulda nonetheless took another position, understandable to us: with the cooperation 
of crusaders who were present there, they slew 32 Jews of their city, men and women. Since a 
general persecution of Jews loomed, the Jew-owned Frederick II summoned an assembly of 
clerical and secular princes to Hagenau in July 1236. But after he had again been successfully 
bought off with large sums from the Jews (accepta tamen a Judeis magna pecunia, Aron., page 
217), he appeared convinced of the innocence of the Jews. The Jews achieved acquittal and beyond 
that, an imperial letter of protection. Everyone was forbidden to express further accusations against 
Jews. "For tracking down the truth" from the lands of all the lords "baptismal candidates (thus 
baptized Jews) experienced in the Jewish law" were summoned, who "did not tarry long at court" 
and who reached the result that "neither in the Old or the New Testament is it found that the Jews 
are greedy after human blood. . .We allow the fact with very firm acceptance, that those very people 
for whom the blood of even permitted animals is forbidden, could have no thirst for human blood, 
because of the terribleness of the thing, because Nature forbids it and because of the kind of 
relationship which associates it with the Christians. . ." (5) 

Ten years later Pope Innocent IV based his decision upon the Imperial pronouncement of judgment 
from July of that same year, which delivered the nation up to even future Jewish murderers and 
child-desecrators. With explicit reference to the events of Fulda, this pope acquitted the Jews from 
the suspicion that they made use of the blood for ritual purposes after the commission of a blood- 
murder of a twelve-year-old girl on Tuesday of Easter week of 1247 in Valreas (Department 
Vaucluse); (17) he [stated that he], the Pope, did not want Jews, whose conversion was awaited by 
the Lord, to be unfairly (!) persecuted. The bishops in Germany received an express papal directive 
on 5 July 1247, to show favor and mercy to the Jews and "to legitimize their status" (Aron., p. 
242) (6). In this position of "legitimized status" sanctioned by Emperor and Pope, the Jews were 
able to continue to lead their victims to slaughter; the defenders of the slaughterer Buschhoff at his 

blood-murder trial in Xanten in 1892, were still referring to the Enqueue of 1236! 

The historian Matthias Parisiensis reports, according to the account of the Hungarian diplomat 
Geza von 6nody(7), that during the reign of King Henry III, the Jews of Norwich kidnapped a 
Christian child in 1235, kept him locked up and fed for a year in order to slaughter him as sacrificial 
lamb for the celebration of the Passover festival. The execution of the crime was prevented through 
a betrayal, and the Jews who were brought before the King confessed the intended ritual- slaughter 
in all of its details. Henry III imposed a lenient punishment, allegedly out of charitableness. The 
Jews showed their thanks by committing an entirely similar type of crime hardly a year later. In this 
case a child was held prisoner in a shack belonging to the estate of a rabbi. 

The Bishop of Norwich brought criminal charges against the murderous pack. After several 
fruitless attempts at bribery, the four main culprits were condemned to death and were broken on 
the wheel. The French historian Basnaye, who describes in all his works the accusations against the 
Jews as "malicious inventions," makes an exception in his mention of this case, for he writes: "It 
seems that the Jews of Norwich were incorrigible, since within five years they were condemned for 
the same crime four (18) times. "(8) - A similar crime occurred on 1 December 1235 at Erfurt 
(Desportes, page 66). 

In 1239 a general uprising of the people broke out, caused by a murder committed there secretly by 
the Jews. In 1240 - again at Norwich - the Jews circumcised a non- Jewish child and kept him 
hidden in the Ghetto under the alias Jurnim with the intention of crucifying the victim later. The 
father found his child after a long search in the Jewish Quarter and filed charges with the Bishop 
William of Rale. The latter had four of the Jews who were convicted of the crime hanged on the 
gallows, "where they gasped out the rest of their miserable lives." 

In 1244 in the cemetary of St. Benedict in London, the corpse of a boy was found which showed 
areas of ashen-paleness and cuts as well as Hebrew characters in several places. Baptized Jews were 
forced to explain these characters, found the names of the parents of the child and read that he had 
been sold to the Jews when very young. The wealthiest Jews secretly left the city at this time (9). 

In the year 1250, in Aragon, at the end of August Moses Albay-Huzet (Albayuceto) delivered the 
seven-year-old Dominicus del Val to the Jews for crucifixion {Acta sanct., 6th Volume of August, 
pp. 777-783). The victim had been nailed to a wall; the stabbed body was deposited on the banks of 
the Ebro River. In the same year a rabbi sacrificed a Christian child in his own house at Orsona in 
Castile (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang chez les juifs de tous les temps; Paris, Savine, 1889, p. 

The most awful crime of English Jews which was judicially established, is reported by Geza von 
Onody according to authentic court sources, in his book about Tisza-Eszlar. Before the feast day of 
Sts. Peter and Paul in the year 1255, the Jews in Lincoln kidnapped the eight-year-old (later 
canonized) boy Hugh and brought him into the house of the Head Rabbi there, (19) Copinus; after 
the child had been held prisoner and flogged daily for twenty-six days, his executioners formed a 
law court and brought the innocent creature before it. A Jew played the role of Pilate and 
condemned the child to death on the cross. The rest of the Jews present functioned as executioner's 
henchmen. The child was nailed to the cross and made to bleed to death. When the guiltless victim 
had finally expired under the most terrible torments, the Jews ripped the bowels from out of his 
body and prepared various talismans from them (10) . The mutilated corpse was thrown in a well, 
which led to the discovery of the crime. The chief perpetrator, the Head Rabbi, was dragged to 
death by horses, while the accomplices died on the gallows; the threads of the crime extended back 
to London, and in total 91 Jews were imprisoned. But the judicial investigation further brought the 
following to light: The Jews of Lincoln had "invited" to this horrible spectacle of the crucifixion 

four participants from every city of England which had a Jewish community; they confessed that 
such sacrifices occurred annually in the Jewish congregations, that most remained undiscovered 
since they "happened in secret in concealed locations". Schudt (IV, Chapter 11, p. 140) wrote in 
1714: "A cruel and Jewish wicked abomination was was practiced among them, every year around 
the time of Easter, although it is not known generally, of stealing a young boy, to circumcise him 
and after a "solemn" condemnation . . .to crucify him, out of their devilish malice. . ." 

On the 14th of September (at the time of the Jewish "festival of Atonement") of the year 1279, the 
Jews at Northhampton likewise put a child to death on the cross. This beastly crime was also 
discovered and punished. On the 2nd of April of the same year a crime of entirely the same kind 
occurred in London; here the murderers were tied to horse tails and dragged to death through the 
streets of London and their bodies hung on the gibbet (Henri Desportes, Le mystere du sang, p. 67). 

In this century ritual-murders were repeated at all (20) parts of the British island; in May 1287 all 
the Jews of England were arrested and thrown into prison; in 1291 the Council in London under 
Edward I finally drew the necessary conclusions and by command of the King banned "for all time" 
this murder-plague from England. From then on, until the year 1657 there were no Jews in England 
{The Letter of Instruction, VI, 4, p. 167). According to a document of 1 July 1267 (Aronius) the 
Jews in Pforzheim placed a seven-year-old girl Margaretha upon a several-times folded piece of 
linen, wounded every joint in her body, and with their combined strength squeezed out her blood, 
which was carefully gathered into the linen. The corpse of the child was weighted with stones and 
cast into a body of flowing water, where it was found after a few days by fisherman, who noticed a 
hand sticking out of the water. The Jews convicted of the crime were first broken on the wheel and 
then hanged. Two of the murderous culprits mutually strangled each other in order to escape the 
revenge of the people (Aronius, p. 306). The stabbed and cut-to-pieces body of the girl was buried 
in a stone casket in the castle-church at Pforzheim. The Dominican nuns at Pforzheim reported in 
their chronicle, that the grave was opened in the year 1507 in the presence of Cardinal Bernhard 
and the little corpse was found still uncorrupted. In 1647 it was transferred to Baden. The 
gravestone, still present in the castle-church at Pforzheim, declares explicitly, handed down under 
the exact date, that the child was killed by Jews: ''Margaretha a Judeis occisa ob. feliciter Anno 
Domini MCCLXVII. Cal. Jul.fer. VF (Sachs: Geschichte der Markgrafschaft Baden- 
Carlsruhe[History of the Margravate of Baden-Carlsruhe], II, 1767, p. 15 and following — Also 
briefly mentioned in the Zeitschrift fUr die Geschichte des Oberrheins [Magazine for the History of 
the Upper Rhine], IX, Karlsruhe, 1858, p. 271, Nr. 17). 

In a later report the question is raised in connection with this crime, as to why the Jews had the 
custom in every (!) nation in which they were living, of shedding Christian blood. So one should 
surely know that every year in each nation the relevant city or region would be chosen by lot, which 
would have to supply the Christian blood necessary for ritual purposes to the Jews (Thomas de 
Cantimpre: De vita instituenda, II, Chapters 29, 23)! 

Likewise around this time (1270) a Jew at St. Die, who (21) had violated his Christian servant- girl 
after previously rendering her unconscious in order to gain her blood - the Jewish compiler of this 
document speaks of an "operation" - was brought before the court of the Duke of Lotharingia and 
condemned. His execution was done in this manner: tied to the tail of a horse, he was dragged to the 
gibbet and hanged upside-down. The contemporary report, however, brings out the following 
extremely typical turn of events: As the Jew, preparing himself at the place of execution, wanted to 
speak once more, to confess the reasons (!) for his crime, he was prevented from doing so by the 
executioner, so that nothing to the disadvantage of his racial comrades could be said (ne forte 
aliquid in opprobrium Judaeorum loqueretur)\ Obviously the executioner had been bribed 
beforehand, although his corruption is called into doubt by the Jewish publisher of the report (ll) . 

In Mainz a child was sold to the Jews by his nurse and slaughtered by the former in April of the 

year 1283 (Athanasius Fern, Judische Moral und Blut-Mysterium [Jewish Morals and the Blood- 
Mystery], Leipzig, 1920, p. 23 and dX^o Annales Colmariensis [Kolmar Annals]). 

In Munich in 1285 a small boy was stabbed all over his body and made to bleed to death (Raderus, 
Bavaria sancta, II, p. 331). The enraged populace is supposed to have locked 180 Jews - unless 
this number is based upon an error in writing - together inside the wood-built synagogue and have 
burnt them by laying a fire around it. Yet these measures of retaliation made no impression upon the 
Jews there: already, a few decades later a Johann Aventin reports in his Annalen Bajorum, Book 
VII, again from Munich, that a small boy named Heinrich was slaughtered; all his veins had been 
opened and countless piercing wounds had been inflicted. 

The historian Papebroch industriously collected in one volume of the Ac^a Sanctorum, (April II, p. 
69111 AO) all documents which refer to the slaughter of the Werner from Oberwesel by St. Goar 
and thereby gives us valuable material. In the middle of April of the year 1287, this young victim of 
Satanic Jewish blood-thirst was (22) slowly tortured until he bled to death. To his memory and as a 
memorial of this atrocity the (uncompleted) St-Werners-Kapelle was later erected above Bacharach. 
Gougenot des Mousseaux (in the translation by A. Rosenberg) covers the death of Werner of 
Wesel from the Bollandists, "the mighty researchers in the field of history," as follows: "It was a 
poor day-laborer 14 years old, named Werner. The faithful of the Talmud took him into service and 
used him to shovel out the dirt in a cellar. His landlady, uneasy about this, said to him: 'Be careful 
of the Jews, Werner, for Good Friday is approaching!'. . .The Jews dragged him into the cellar and 
gagged him. . .then they bound him head downward to a wooden stand. Then they began to strike 
the boy with a lash, opened his veins with his very own knife that he carried with him, and squeezed 
the blood from his body. They let the body hang, until all the blood had been gotten from it." 

The judge of Oberwesel, who "was not averse to money," was successfully bribed and let the 
murderers go free with their "Rabbi." 

In the following year, 1288, the Jews of Bern at Easter, on the 17th of April, kidnapped a boy 
named Rudolf, put him through terrible sufferings, and finally slaughtered him in a cellar by cutting 
his neck. The main perpetrators were broken on the wheel, and the accomplices driven away. The 
council of the city decided from thence forward not to suffer Jews and the victim was later 
canonized by the Church {Acta sanct., 2nd Volume of April, p. 504).The grave of the child in the 
parish church in Bern was a place of pilgrimage for several centuries, "until the new Gospel [i.e., 
Lutheranism or Calvinism], as those who believe differently like to say, came into fashion, and the 
original reason of all this taken away. . ."(H. Murer, Helvetia sancta, p. 299). 

During these years, in Oberwesel, Bacharach, Siegburg, and numerous other places, persecutions of 
the Jews broke out as a consequence of repeated murders or attempted murders of children. 
Emperor Rudolf I (1273-1291) von Habsburg received from Jewish hands 20,000 Marks and 
commanded the Archbishop Heinrich of Mainz to solemnly announce in a sermon that the 
Christians had done the Jews the greatest injustice, and that the corpse of Werner should (23) be 
burnt and the ashes scattered to the winds! "At this sermon of the Lord Archbishop, more than 500 
armed Jews (!) sat there so that, in case a Christian wanted to raise objections, they could 
immediately kill him with their swords" (see Chronik von Kolmar, II, Pabst, Berlin, 1867, p. 158). 
Later, Rudolf von Habsburg tried to impose a tax on the Jews but was unable to put it through. . ." 
(Das., p. 163). The Jew Caro cynically remarks in his Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Juden 
(II, p. 196):". . .The King finally stepped in. Total calming of the aroused crowd did not, at any rate, 
take place and for 1287 and the following years the names of martyrs of a not inconsiderable 
portion of the community are handed down [to us]. . ." 

In 1288, on the 24th of April, under the reign of Philipp IV of France, 13 Jews at Troyes in 
Champagne were delivered to the stake after a ritual crime. (Caro II, 80). 

In 1292 in Kolmar a nine-year-old youngster was murdered by Jews {Annal. Colmariensis, II, 30); 
in the same year there was a ritual-murder in Constance, in 1294 in Bern, in 1302 in Renchen 

(Baden). . ."There is an endless murdering" (Desp., p. 70, and dl^o Annales Colmariensis). 

In 1303, at Easter, Jews from WeiBensee in Thuringia caught the schoolboy Conrad and gave him 
a gruesome death, as they cut into his muscles and opened his veins to squeeze out the blood. The 
desecrated corpse they hung up to mock in a vineyard. Soldiers under the leadership of Friedrich, 
the son of the Landgraf Albert of Thuringia, raided the murder-band and quickly despatched them 
to their deaths. (Tenzel, Monatliche Unterredungen[Monthly Discussions], July 1693, p. 556). 

Go to Before 1840/Page 2 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written 
permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Before 1840 

Page 2 

(p. 23) 

A Bohemian chronicle reports from the same year (see Dr. E. Bischoff in Juden 
und Christenblut, Berlin, Dewald) [Jews and Christian Blood]: "After the envoys 
of Otto had withdrawn from Prague, the Jews resolved to commit a horrible crime 
at the holy Easter celebration against a Christian man; they dragged him to a 
concealed area, hanged him naked up on a tree, and while they stood around, some 
would spit on him, others struck him blows with their fists, and still others did to 
him (24) everything which Christ once had suffered from that hideous and 
infamous people." 

Two years later, in 1305, Prague Jews again at Easter nailed a youth, who had 
been forced through poverty to become their servant, naked upon a cross and 
flogged him so long that he bled to death. The aroused people did not wait for the 
return of the King, Wenceles II, but fell upon the Jewish Quarter and "applied a 
radical remedy, in that they slew the entire Jewish population of Prague" 
(G.v.Onody, p. 81, as well as Tentzel, Monatl. Unterr., 1693, p. 556). 

In 1306 ~ therefore during the reign of Philipp IV, all the Jews of France were 
driven out ~ "for all time." But already in 1315 a royal ordinance of Louis X of 28 
July proclaimed their recall: soon afterward the Bailie ([royal] official) of Tours had 
to bring charges against a Jewish ritual-murderer of Chinon, and two of the 
murderers were hanged (Caro, p. 104); in 1321 the Jews at Annecy murdered a 
young cleric for ritual purposes and in consequence were expelled from the city by 
a decree of Philipp V (Denis de Saint-Martin, Gallia christ. II, 723); a year later 
they were expelled from all of France ~ again "for all time. . ." "But the Jews are 
like the flies, one chases them away and soon there they are again. . ." maintained 
the honorable Frankfurt vice-headmaster of Classics Schudt in his JUdischen 
MerkwUrdigkeiten [Jewish Oddities](l, p. 115), who was by no means hostile to the 
Jews per se but was resigned [to this] as being their racial peculiarity! 

In the County of Savoy several children disappeared, again at Easter time, and so 
also at Geneva, Rumilly, Annecy and elsewhere. A Christian, Jaquet of 
Aiguebelle, confessed that he had sold the children by arrangement with the Jew 
Acelin from Tresselve to other Jews. Acelin, for his part, admitted that he resold 

the children to his rehgious comrades. The latter had killed the children and from 
their brains and bowels had prepared a salve or aharace dish (i.e., charoseth, a 
sauce in which the bitter herbs are dipped on the first evening of the Passover) and 
given of it to all the Jews (H.L. Strack: Das Blut in Glauben und Aberglauben der 
Menscheit [Blood in the Religion and the Superstition of Humanity^, Munich 1900, 
p. 144). 

In 1331 the Jews of Uberlingen (Baden) threw the son of a (25) citizen named 
Frey into a well. The countless incisions which were later discovered on the corpse 
allowed the determination to be made of the occurrence of a preceding withdrawal 
of the blood. Without first first waiting for the approval of the Emperor, known to 
be a friend of the Jews, the judges of the region executed sentence of death upon 
the authors of the crime (Chronik des Joh. Vitoduran). 

According to the same chronicle of Vitoduran (covering the years 1215-1348 and 
preserved in its original textual form at the monastery of St. Gall in Switzerland 
and cited by Sigismund Hosmann in his Judenherz[Jewish Heart]), in 1346 in 
Munich a small child was murdered by Jews and [the body] deposited outside of 
the city. The body displayed more than 60 piercing wounds! Emperor Ludwig IV 
(1314-1347) gruffly rebuffed the parents of the child and forbid even the 
pilgrimage of the populace to the place where the body was found; "bombarded by 
their gilded arrows and blinded and corrupted by Jewish money. . .there was no 
lack of people who looked out for the interests of the Jews. . ." (Hosmann, p. 109) 

Around the same time, in the region of Cologne, a small boy ~ "Hanschen" [This is 
the diminutive and affectionate form of the name "Hans"] ~ was taken by Jews on 
the way to his monastery school of St. Sigbert and in a "secret location" cut to 
pieces with knives until he expired (Acta sanct., Mdrz ///, 502). 

On Good Friday of the year 1347 the Jews of Messina crucified a child (H. Desp.: 
Le myst. du sang, p. 73). 

On 2 March 1349 Jews stole the four-year-old son of a Zurich shoemaker and cut 
up his body; the blood was collected. The body was thrown into the so-called 
Wolfsbach [literally: Wolfs Creek] where it was soon discovered in the mud. An 
altar was erected in Munster, "through which devotion increased by the day, until 
the city renounced the old Catholic faith; thereby the devotion of all their old 
forebears vanished and was entirely extinguished. . ." (H. Murer, Helvetia sancta, 
p. 312). 

In 1380 at Hagenbach in Swabia some Jews were caught in the act at the moment 
when they were slaughtering a child kidnapped from his parents. They were burned 
(M. Crusius, JahrbUcher von Schwaben Teil III, Buch 5) [Yearbooks of Swabia, 
Part III, Book 5)]. 

According to the decree of 15 July 1394 the Jews under the government of Charles 
VI were expelled from France because of repeated ritual-murders of children (26) 
and other intrigues injurious to the community; in the actual Kingdom of France, 
there was no longer one single Jew for a span of a century; only in the enclave of 
Avignon belonging to the Pope did a Jewish community maintain itself. (12) 

In 1401 in Diesenhof in Wiirttemberg, the four-year-old Konrad Lory was 
slaughtered; his blood was supposed to be delivered to the Jew Vitelmann by a 
groom [i.e., stable hand] for three Gulden; the former was burned and the latter 
broken on the wheel (Acta sanct, 2nd Volume of April, p. 838). 

Tht Acta sanctorum [Deeds of the Saints^ (II, April, p. 838) and H. Desportes (p. 
74) list further ritual-murders ~ all at Easter time ~ for the year 1407 in Crakow, 
1413 in Thuringia and for 1420 in Tongern in Limburg. The Judenbuchlein of 
Johann Eck of the year 1541 reports that in the year 1420 Archduke Albrecht of 
Austria had 300 Jews burned at Vienna, because these men had murdered three 

In Ravensburg in the year 1429 between Easter and Whitsunday [=Pentecost] 
the Swiss student Ludwig van Bruck was tortured to death by three Jews with 
many torments and a horrible sexual violation (Acta sanct., 3rd Volume of April, p. 

On Good Friday (!) of the year 1442 or 1443 -- due to difficult external 
circumstances the date given varies ~ the four-year-old girl Ursula Pock 
disappeared in Lienz (in the Tyrol). After "a search was carried out for her on land 
and in the water over many days with diligence and industry with no success, the 
body was found in a creek: it was covered all over with piercing wounds and 
totally emptied of blood (Corpusculum punctis ubique confossum, sanguis ex 
corpusculo elicitus et effusus). On the basis of further inquiries the Jews of Lienz 
were brought in as suspects in the murder. At first they denied [involvement] 
persistently; but when faced with the body and as a result of strong admonitions ~ 
of torture or the coercing of confessions there is not the slightest suggestion ~ they 
unanimously admitted the crime. A Christian woman, Margareta Praitschedlin, 
had decoyed the child into their hands (27) in return for gifts of money! She, too, 
confessed her crime in full compass. "She has told how she had found the child at a 
place and had picked her up kindly with sweet words and matched the aforesaid 
Jews in her violence." The Jew Samuel, "who was first to put his hands on the child 
and had committed the greatest unchristian murder and torture" was, as emerges 
from the documents published by George Tinkhauser in Number 10 of the 
Katholischen Blatter aus Tirol [Catholic Paper of the Tyrol], broken on the wheel 
and with him a dog. Another Jew, Joseph, was condemned to the gallows and 
hanged with a dog at his feet. Praitschedlin was tied together with two old Jewesses 
at her back and burned. Five Jewish children were baptized! To all Jews entry to 
the city remained forbidden. At last, in the year 1494 the nobles of Karnten 
repeatedly requested of the Emperor the expulsion of all Jews from their lands. 
The Emperor Maximilian I finally ordered this in the well-known Edict of 
Schwabischwerd of 1496 (on the Wednesday after the fourth Sunday before 
Easter). As reason for the expulsion was given, among other things, "that they (the 
Jews) have pitifully tortured even Christian children and used their blood for their 
damnable substance" ~ "There is almost no land, and in each land, hardly one 
region to be found, in which the Jewish cruelty has not washed its murderous 
hands in the blood of innocent Christian children. . ." wrote Jacob Schmid in his 
Ehrenglanze der gefursteten Grafschaft Tirol [Honorable Glory of the Princely 
County of the Tyrol] (II, p. 141, new edition of Innsbruck 1843). 

The devotion to this slaughtered child is not yet extinguished today [i.e., 1943; and 
now ?] in Lienz. The father of the child had a tablet erected in 1452 at the grave of 
the little martyr, originally to be found at the cemetary of the city parish church 
with the inscription: "Thomas Pock had this made to the memory of his daughter 
Ursula, whom the Jews tortured on Good Friday and who lies buried here." 
(According to Dr. Jos. Deckert: Vier Tiroler Kinder, Opfer des chassidischen 
Fanatismus, 1893 [Four Tyrolean Children, Victims of the Hassidim Fanaticism]). 

In 1452 several Jews at Savona (near Genoa) killed a two-year-old child; they 
perforated the body in every direction, caught the blood in the vessels in customary 
use at the circumcision of their sons, and cast the blood-emptied corpse into a (28) 
cesspool. The blood, mingled with pieces of fruit, was eaten in ritual Form (A. 
Spina, de bello Judaeorum III, 7) [Concerning the War of the Jews]. The young 
son of the physician Salomon of Genoa stated the following as an eye-witness of 
this bestial murder: "They led in a Christian child of two years: one Jew took him 
by the right arm, the other by the left arm, the third by the head ~ thus cross-like ~ 
the fourth had a sharp and long needle or graving tool and he pierced the child in 
the belly and then the heart, quickly drew it out and then quickly stabbed again, the 
blood flowed out copiously into the basin until the child died, and they threw [the 
body] into a hidden room, and they dipped berries, apples and other fruits into the 
blood and ate them." 

The witness had also eaten of this "and such a horror at this came over him, that he 
wasn't able to eat for two days and it was all the same to him, if they wanted to pull 
out his bowels and guts" (from the JudenbUchlain of Dr. Joh. Eck). 

In 1453 Breslau Jews enticed a child to them, fattened him for some time and then 
stuck him [inside] a barrel with nails, which they rolled back and forth until the 
blood was withdrawn from the victim in this manner. (H. Desportes, le myst. d. s., 
p. 76). 

In July of the year 1462 ten Jewish merchants, returning from the market in Bozen 
which in earlier times had four markets, passed through the Inn valley. They had 
already "come to terms" [i.e., in a business agreement] in advance a month before 
with the farmer Hans Mair from the village of Rinn near Innsbruck: he, the 
godfather and uncle of the three-year-old Andreas Oxner, who had been entrusted 
to the protection of his uncle after the early death of his father, resolved to deliver 
his ward to the Jewish gang without the knowledge of the boy's mother in return 
for a hatful of Jewish gold pieces. "The mother of little Andreas had hired herself 
out as a harvester at Amras which was about two miles distant, but wasn't able to 
take her child along that far away. That is what the betrayer had counted on. Thus 
she gave the child over to the protection of his godfather and urgently 
recommended him to his protection. It was not without misgiving that she took 
leave of her child. 

When the mother had gone some 
distance, the farmer gave the Jews an 
agreed-upon signal from his house. . 
.Two of the Jews now secretly 
entered the house of the farmer, 
filled his hat with the agreed-upon 
quantity of gold pieces (400-600 
Ducats) (29) at which he led them up 
the wooden stairs to the room where 
the child still softly slept. He 
awakened the child, dressed him in 
his clothes and handed him over to 
the strange men. . ." (from Dr. Jos. 
Deckert: Vier Tiroler Kinder, etc.). 
As a precaution, the Jews had 
brought along a Rabbi. In a birch 
forest not far from the village of 
Rinn, the child was slaughtered: the 
rabbi placed his sacrificial victim on 
a stone block, which survives in 
historical tradition today [and nowl^ 
as the "Jew-stone" in the pilgrim 
church under the same name, 
founded by Emperor Maximilian I; 
on this the child was circumcised 
according to Jewish rite. The veins in 
his arms were opened and the blood 
carefully collected in copper bowls. 
Every single one of the Jews committed exceptional atrocities on the victim, even 
the dead body was further profaned and then hung up on a tree, which was 
supposed to represent a cross. The murderers got away unpunished. The farmer 
Mair of Rinn, the guardian of "Anderl [diminutive of Andreas] of Rinn" 
succumbed to madness and had to be restrained in chains in his own house. The 
victim of the ritual-sacrifice was buried at first at the cemetary of Rinn, but later 
buried in a special niche. Around this niche the story of the martyr is immortalized 
in image and inscription. Pope Benedict XIV in the Bull Beatus Andreas [Blessed 
Andreas^ took the occasion of February 22, 1755 to deal with the Jewish ritual- 
murder at some length. Further, before this, there were the notes of the BoUandists 
{Acta sanct., II, July, p. 462) as well as the Beschreibung der Marter des heiligen 
Andreas von Rinn of Ignatius Zach (Augsburg, 1724) [Description of the Torture of 
Saint Andreas of Rinn]. The cult of the child martyr has lasted up until our own 
day; The Diocese of Brixen on July 12th celebrates the feast of the blessed Andreas 
of Rinn, its diocesan patron. Dr. Jos. Deckert writes in addition (Vienna, 1893): 
"The child of Rinn was thus really the victim of fanatical Jewish hatred and is 
rightly revered as a martyr by the Catholic Church." The church in the Diocese of 
Brixen has, among others, a prayer which says that "the blessed Andreas was killed 
by disloyal Jews in the crudest fashion". 

Around Easter time of the year 1468 the Jews in the small Spanish city of 
Sepulveda, at the behest of their Rabbi (30) Salomon Pecho, nailed a young girl to 

a cross and pierced her all over. By order of the Bishop Juan Arias de Avila, the 
convicted Jews were brought to Segovia. Following the judicial process the main 
perpetrators were condemned to death at the stake, the remaining Jews who had 
taken part in the torture were, for one group, condemned to the gallows and the 
wheel, while those of the other group were strangled in prison. The rest were 
expelled from the city (Colmenares in Historia de la insigne ciudad de Segovia and 
Synopsis episcoporum Segoviensium, p. 650). 

A comprehensive 
literature treats the 
infamous case of the 
Trent boy-murder of the 
year 1475, which in its 
time aroused the greatest 
sensation in the entire 
cultural world of the 
West. This ritual-murder 
and its accompanying 
circumstances are even in 
our day extraordinarily 
informative in more than 
one respect. 

Probably the first person 
who was able to report 
this crime to his 
countrymen authentically 
and in detail was the first 
Saxon Landrentmeister 
[Master of Revenues for 
Saxony], Johann von 
Mergenthal, who in the 
year 1476 under the 
leadership of Duke 
Albrecht of Saxony 
undertook a pilgrimage to 
Jerusalem in the retinue of the latter. This journey led him also through Trent, 
"where Germany ends and Italy begins." Here the populace still was feeling the 
impression of the wicked deed one year after the bestial murder, and Mergenthal 
was able to set down his written report, as it were, "on the scene," in his travel 
book which was later published by a D. Hieronymus Weller at Leipzig. 

Because the objection to this record could be made of [being] a belated account ~ 
inexact because the report did not provide documentary evidence ~ we will not 
base our own account on it, any more than upon the pictorial representations of this 
murder made by contemporaries, such as (for example) the extremely instructive 
woodcuts in the Judentum [Judaism] of Georg Lieb (Volume II of the 
Monographien zur deutschen Kulturgeschichte [Monographs for German Cultural 
History],^. 17/20.) 

In the Vienna Hofbibliothek [Court Library] however, there still today is 
incontrovertible evidence: the comprehensive trial documents composed in 
medieval judicial Latin of the Trent child-murder from the year 1475! These are 
not disputable. The 613 folio pages of the Vienna Codex come from the hand (31) 
of the recorder of the Trent trial, Johann v. Fatis Furthermore, the library of the 
Vatican at Rome possesses a Latin handwritten codex from the years 1476-78, 
composed following the Trent ritual-murder trial from the year 1475/76. Pope 
Sixtus IV charged a commission of six cardinals and outstanding jurists in Rome 
with the task of re-checking once again the trial documents. The most important 
Italian legal scholar of his time, Franz Panvino of Padua, held the chairmanship 
of this commission. This was the context in which the codex was composed. This 
interesting manuscript was made use of on many occasions, as emerges from the 
frequent marginalia, but was then missing again for centuries. In a special Bull of 
20 July 1478, Sixtus IV had declared the court procedure to be faultless and 
bestowed the highest praise upon the conscientiousness of the judges ~ and Pope 
Benedict XIV designated the codex as authentic. In 1881 this old manuscript was 
rediscovered and published in excerpt form in the Italian newspaper Civilita 
cattolica. In the governorship archive at Innsbruck the Catholic vicar Dr. Jos. 
Deckert was in charge of over 200 document files (interrogation protocols), letters 
and drafts relating to Simon of Trent, originally preserved in the Consistorial 
Archive of Trent and originating in the year 1475; Deckert published the result of 
this in the framework of his 1893 treatise : Vier Tiroler Kinder, Opfer des 
chassideischen Fanatismus, which had as consequence, that today there still exists 
but one copy of this "dangerous" work in one single public library of Greater 
Germany! [sind todayll] 

In 1588 [the year of the Spanish Armada] and in 1593 a so-called Relatio italica 
was printed at Trent. The historiographers already mentioned several times, the 
BoUandists {Acta sanct, Martii, tom. Ill, p. 494 etc.) worked from it and, what is 
of most significance for us, they included in their report a detailed letter of the 
famous physician Hans Mathias Tiberinus, who had to examine the body as 
expert witness and already 14 days later communicated his findings to the city 
council at Brixen. In addition, the indisputable and fully objective findings from 
the examination of the body, determined by three Trent physicians still before the 
arrest of the villains, have been handed down to us! They convey to us in the most 
precise way the horrible (32) manner of death of the 28 month-old, who was later 
beatified by the Church. 

The confessions of the eight main accused, held in solitary confinement and also 
separately questioned, which coincided in the smallest details, however, yield the 
following shocking picture: In the first days of Holy Week of the year 1475, in 
which the Passover feast fell on Holy Thursday, the heads of the Jewish families 
of Trent arrived at the house of the most respected of them, by the name of 
Samuel, on whose property the local meeting place of the Jews, the synagogue, as 
well as the Jewish school were situated. They were complaining about the fact that 
the Easter baking of the matzos could not be prepared because the blood from a 
Christian child was lacking. Samuel offered a "prize" of 100 gold Ducats for the 
procurement of the sacrificial victim. The Jew Tobias betook himself into the 
streets which were nearly empty of human traffic around the time of the evening 
Mass on Holy Thursday. Before the house of his parents a 28-month-old child was 

at play, Simon Gerber. He was lured away with games to the house of Samuel and 
there locked within until full darkness. 

The eldest of the Jews, an old man of 80 years, Moses "the Old One," began the 
slaughtering by ripping out a piece of flesh from the child's right cheek with 
pincers; the other Jews followed suit. The down-flowing blood was caught in a tin 
platter. In a similar manner the right leg was mutilated. The remaining parts of the 
body were punctured with long, thick needles (acum a pomedello), in order to 
obtain the last of the blood. Finally the circumcision was performed. At the 
conclusion, the executioners imitated the crucifixion, in that they held the 
convulsively jerking creature stretched in the four directions with the feet extended 
uppermost (in modum crucis), as the rest of the Jews again pierced him with 
needles and sharp instruments. The murderers screeched: "That is what we did with 
Jesus, to [such an end] may all our enemies come forever." The still weakly 
breathing child was killed by smashing his skull bones; at this, the Jews joined in a 
hymn of praise to Yahweh. The child's blood was collected into a pot and divided 
among the individual Jewish families. The Easter banquet could be prepared. 

(33)The child's corpse, displayed upon the Almenor (altar) of the synagogue on 
Good Friday and befouled, mocked and profaned by all of the Jews residing in 
Trent, was ~ after it had temporarily been hidden under the straw of a storehouse ~ 
finally thrown into a watery ditch which flowed past in the vicinity of the house. In 
order to divert from themselves the suspicion which was growing ever stronger, the 
Jewish criminals believed themselves to be especially cunning when they were first 
to give report to the Bishop of Trent of the horrifying discovery of a mutilated 
child body, after the parents, supported by numerous inhabitants, had vainly 
searched and the city gates had been closed as a precaution. Yet they thereby 
delivered themselves up [to justice]. The type of wounds, never before seen, and 
the tender age of the victim brought the authors and instigators [of the crime] 
before the court. Here they finally admitted ~ separately questioned from one 
another ~ all details of the shameful crime. The wives of two of the main accused 
gave the informative statement that already, in earlier years, similar child- 
murders had been performed which had all, however, remained undiscovered. 

During the trial three attested documents were presented concerning four Jewish 
child-murders, which all occurred in the Diocese of Constance, and two blood- 
murders in Endingen, another in Ravensburg (1430) and one in PfuUendorf 
(1461). Moreover, two of the accused admitted to the Protocol their complicity in 
the child-murders in Padua, where in earlier centuries several children were 
slaughtered, and at Regensburg, where a child had been bled to death. 

The trial, conducted by the Trent authorities with extraordinary thoroughness, 
extended over three full years; just under the date 7 July 1478 there appears in the 
documents the note (Rome): causa contra Judaeos finital There were good reasons 
for this long duration of the proceedings! 

The rich Jews of Italy, although in their social standing still held within certain 
limits, exercised a great influence already at that time by means of their money and 
their physicians at the courts of Italian princes and even at the papal court. 
Supported by their well-off racial comrades living abroad, particularly in the 
commercial regions (34) of South Germany, they set heaven and hell in motion to 

suppress the Trent trial or at least to salvage what was still to be salvaged ~ "for 
the golden calf bestirred itself: and the Jews from all nations pooled much money 
and accomplished much with it." {Judenbuchlein of D. Joh Eck!) 

The uprisings against the Jews of Italy up until then had been caused, as in other 
nations, mostly by their inhuman usury, which even many princes favored for 
various reasons ~ "loans" at 80-100% [interest rates] and more were the rule. Now 
however, through Trent, "things were coming to light which the Jews wished to be 
covered by eternal night" (Deckert). A thirst for blood, a satanic fanaticism was 
revealed which surpassed any capacity of the imagination; rumors which till then 
had been constantly nourished by bad experiences, had found their confirmation, 
that in human society racially alien individuals, with complete consciousness, 
murder and slaughter in order to obtain blood for ritual purposes, and that all this is 
grounded in tradition kept with strict secrecy! What wonder, that no means was left 
untried ~ from gold to poison. . . According to Deckert, one passage (p. 15) in the 
documents reads exactly: "The people of Trent would like to preserve the honor of 
their paternal city according to their powers against the Jews, who would have set 
heaven and hell into motion in order to obtain in Rome (!) one commissioner 
favorable to their case. They procured many patrons for themselves with 
money. . ." 

We begin with the prince in charge, Duke Sigismund of Austria: he had the trial 
stop for the first time, just a few weeks after its start, during the interrogations. 
The second interruption was caused by Pope Sixtus IV, who gave the curt 
justification that the arrival of his authorized Legate, whom he had advised 
beforehand, should be awaited; Bishop Hinderbach of Trent, who was 
conducting the investigation, received a papal letter, according to which he might 
not further proceed against the Jews, because some princes disapproved of the 
whole case! 

The announced Papal Legate then made his appearance in the person of the 
"Commissar" Bishop Baptista dei Giudici (35)von Ventimiglia, referred to in the 
documents in the abbreviated form of his place of birth. He was a favorite of the 
Pope, his countryman and most intimate confidante. In the letter already cited, he is 
most enthusiastically recommended by the Pope as "Professor of Theology," as "v/r 
doctrina ac integritate praeditus'' [i.e., "a man gifted in doctrine and with 
integrity"], and therefore a man "outstanding" in scholarship and honesty. If we 
have the right, considering "our mental disposition" (Paul Nathan), to doubt the 
first quality, then it is all the more worthwhile to examine more closely the second 
when it comes to the matter of excerpts from the documents! 

On his way from Rome to Trent, he appeared in Venice in the company of three 
Jews, but had to "withdraw from there unwelcomed" due to the prevailing mood of 
the populace, which was hostile to Jews. "There can be no doubt that the Jews, 
through their influence at the Papal Court" ~ so wrote the Catholic Vicar Deckert 
~ "managed to get Ventimiglia [appointed] as Legate, as a man favorable to their 

In Trent the Legate was ~ as he himself admits in a letter ~ received in the 
friendliest fashion by Bishop Hinderbach; the latter put at his disposal his 

magnificent castle as living quarters and supported him in the most willing way in 
the investigation of the entire affair. But shortly after his arrival, Ventimiglia ~ 
who had openly shown his friendliness to Jews ~ entered into close relations with 
the Jewish spy "Wolfgang." After barely three weeks he found his quarters in the 
bishop's palace too damp and unsuitable, complained about his affected health and 
withdrew to Roveredo ~ in truth, Hinderbach would have been able to keep too 
close an eye on him: "In Trent no one could have come to him without jeopardy 
(that is, unseen!) for fear of the bishop (Hinderbach) and the people; but there 
[Roveredo] he would have a more secure place." There, in Roveredo, in the 
Jewish headquarters, the wealthy Jews had assembled with their lawyers; already 
on the 24th of September, Ventimiglia could report to Hinderbach that "the 
advocates of the Jews have appeared before him, in order to defend their case. . ." 
Moreover, they put forward the proposal that the trial documents be turned over to 
them; they, the Jews, had given him to understand at the same time that they would 
procure the remedies for the restoration of his, the Legate's, health! 

(36) On the 1st of October 1475 Hinterbach complained that he has seen through 
"the intrigues of the faithless Jews and bad Christians," who "having been bought 
by money and presents, win over the minds of the princes and of some prelates 
and draw them to their side. . .The Jews and some doctors [= university scholars] 
sit at Roveredo where the Legate also is staying under the pretext of poor health. 
They are seeking to diminish the documents and make them disdained 
(extenuare etfloccipendere). They consult on a daily basis in Roveredo. . .they 
seek to win influence with the Doge (Mocenigo of Venice - we will yet have 
occasion to return to his machinations!), so that he will intervene for the release of 
the Jews still imprisoned. The Jews were looking to bribe all, and already, so one 
hears, they had managed to obtain much from the Pope and some cardinals at 
Rome; but one could hardly believe it. . ." 

The priest (!) Paul de Novaria, a Jewish spy, had slipped into the Bishop's castle 
and for two months copied the trial documents, since Hinderbach had not 
delivered these to the Jewish attorneys. In a trial convened in connection with this 
[i.e., the copying of the documents by de Novaria], this "priest" admitted to having 
been in negotiation with the Jews of Novarra, Modena, Brescia, Venice, Bassano 
and Roveredo for the freeing of the imprisoned Jews. He had advised removing the 
grating from the ditch so that the witnesses could say that little Simon had fallen 
into the ditch and been swept away. . .He had received funds from the Jews with 
which to bribe the valet of the Bishop, so that the former would poison the 
Bishop; 400 Ducats had been promised to him, should his plan succeed. 

The Bishop's Secretary, Gregor, had been assigned the leadership of this part of 
the trial. At the beginning of the trial the accused priest refused to confess orally, 
he would only do so in writing. In an unguarded moment, he cut off his tongue 
''scaplro liberario — thus, with a pen-knife ~ and threw it into the toilet. . .The 
same priest Paul had still been hired to poison the city magistrate of Trent, Hans v. 

To give the trial against the ritual-murderers yet another twist, through a shameful 
maneuver (37) (promises of money, a hoax involving a letter of safe-conduct) a 
completely unsuspecting incorruptible Trent citizen by the name of Anzelin was 

lured to Roveredo, held prisoner in his quarters by Ventimiglia against all law and 
tortured daily so that he would accuse a Trent couple (Zanesus Schweizer) of the 
child's murder! Later, this unfortunate man stated that the Papal Legate inflicted 
upon him a "painful interrogation" (= torture) so that he would say what he knew 
nothing about. . .For the most part he was hidden under a bed; only when Jewish 
visitors had come was he allowed to emerge. Every evening Jews came to them to 
consult with the Legate. The Jews had often counted out money. Finally, because 
nothing could be gotten from him, he was released on condition that he would say 
nothing about the incident! 

Since this scandal, too, had proven ineffective, Ventimiglia grasped at a final 
remedy: on the basis of forged instructions ostensibly from the Pope, he attempted 
to pull the entire trial illegally into his own hands with the removal of the Trent 
authorities, indeed, his presumption went so far as to forbid the Trent Bishop any 
further proceedings against the Jews, under the threat of excommunication and 
being denied entry to the church; Ventimiglia encouraged the Jews to admit 
nothing, and told them that they would soon all be at liberty! 

But "in these long, hard struggles for truth and justice" (Deckert) Hinderbach, 
who was surrounded by German men who were impervious to Jewish bribery, 
finally came off the victor. Through his energy a trial procedure had been made 
possible, which can stand as a laudable exception before history and its research 
and which can still, centuries later, supply us with the most valuable material. 

At the end of October 1475, Hinderbach gave a report about the exact 
investigation, the capture of the guilty, their consistent confessions, and their just 
conviction to all eligible princes. He possessed the courage to designate the 
"investigation" which the Papal Legate had begun, concisely as well devastatingly 
in his accounting, as curruptam inquisitionem. 

(3 8) Ventimiglia had finally dug his own grave: his "mission" had taken on such a 
scandalous shape that the Pope had to leave him to his fate, good or bad. The 
populace had risen against the Legate and mocked him in derisive songs as 
Caiaphas [i.e., the High Priest who plotted Christ's death] and as ''pseudoantistes 
Judaeorum'' [antistes, the Latin term for a temple overseer or priest; thus: a 
pretended high priest of the Jews] much to the anger of the Pope. "But it has 
displeased the Pope that his Legate has been everywhere convicted [i.e., in the 
judgement of the people] of injustice, that satires and epigrams have been 
published against him and that he has also been mocked pictorially. Hinderbach 
would like to put a stop to this in his diocese" (documents). At the end of 1477 in 
an energetic letter, Hinderbach asked the Pope "to make an end to this scandal at 
last. . .all are rebelling against this, and he (the Pope) might want to appoint 
another man Commissar, who would be a friend of the truth." 

"Rarely has a Legate so deeply damaged the papal prestige in Germany..." 

Baptista dei Giudici von Ventimiglia withdrew grudgingly to Benevento. In 

order that their valuable ally not completely drop from their sight, the Jews leased a 
garden behind his house, "to have easy access to him," according to a letter of 23 
March 1481. No successor was named; apparently Rome had no one whom it 

could hold as immune to Jewish attempts at bribery. 

Hinderbach, bom in Hesse (bom 1418 at Rauschenberg in Hesse) in observance 
of his govemmental duties conducted the trial to its just conclusion despite 
indescribable difficulties. He had spumed at repeated intervals high sums of 
money from Jewish bribery (as can be concluded from his own letters), which was 
all the more to his credit since he often had to stmggle with financial 
embarrassment. He did not even fear death by poison, which had been threatened 
for him. 

"With him stood courageously in the battle the German men, Podesta of Trent, 
Hans V. Salis, and the city chief Jacob v. Spaur, who bowed neither to Jewish nor 
to Italian intrigues, as is provable from repeated documentary protestations" 

Because of the threatening danger of plague, the approbation of the trial documents 
in Rome was delayed. (39)Finally, on the 20th of June 1478, the Bull of Pope 
Sixtus IV to Bishop Hinderbach confirmed that the trial against the Jews had been 
conducted ad normam veri juris [= to the standard of true or valid law]. The 
children of the executed Jews were supposed to be baptized. 

According to the Judenbuchlein of D. Eck, Trent cost the Jews 120,000 Gulden. 
"For the Jews, according to their practice, have exerted themselves with gold and 
money so that [their] misdeeds be suppressed; they offered Duke Sigismund many 
thousand Gulden if he would let the Jews off; they wanted to build a new castle 
for Bishop Johann v. Hinderbach. . ." 

Those who had been convicted of the crime of child-murder had died the most 
shameful sort of death: after having been broken on the wheel they were next 
tortured and bumed. Moses "the Old One," the head of the Jewish community, had 
already killed himself in prison. Four of those who were complicit or accomplices 
were baptized and pardoned. 

The synagogue-house of Samuel was tom down and Hinderbach had a chapel for 
the victim erected on the site, which was enlarged in 1647 through donations of the 
citizens of Trent. Since attacks by Jewish rabble were feared. Emperor Maximilian 
gave orders for the guarding of the grave of the martyr, whose name was accepted 
into the Roman Martyrology under Gregory XIII. In 1480, Hinderbach had to 
address the bishops of Italy in a circular due to misuse by mendicant friars of the 
collection for the holy martyr Simon! To the present day, Simon of Trent is the 
patron saint of the Diocese of Trent and his feast day is celebrated on the fourth 
Sunday after Easter. In the 19th century, no Jew dared to spend a single night in the 
city of Trent (13) . A special brotherhood had [instituted] a watch over it, so that 
the old edict of banishment against the Jews was upheld and executed. 

On the altar of the church of San Pietro of Trent stands the sarcophagus of the 
child, which holds the still extraordinarily well-preserved body in a crystal casket. 
The body rests naked on a pillow and the countless wounds, according to the report 
(1893) of (40)Deckert, for whom it was made possible to view the relics of the 
''santo bambino,'' are still clearly recognizable: "Whoever, though, expects today to 
see in the relics of the child merely a mummified skeleton, is totally mistaken. The 

body is still completely well-preserved. . .Held to the light, I even saw the fine hair 
of the head. The wound of the right cheek is clear to see; similar to it are 
numerous piercing wounds over the whole body. . .Over 400 years have elapsed 
since the death of the child, and that's how well the relics are preserved. . ." Even 
the tools of torture, the pincers, knife, needles and a cup in which the blood was 
caught, are preserved in this chapel. 

The Trent trial documents (14) from the year 1475 found a late so-called "revision" 
by the Jew Moritz Stern, in the Jewish sense of course, faithful to the principle: 
what is not deniable must be at least subsequently falsified and distorted, so that in 
the end someone not initiated must receive a totally distorted picture. Upon this 
irresponsible type of portrayal, a German researcher of world reputation. Dr. Erich 
Bischoff, whom no one could bring under the embarrassing suspicion of "anti- 
Semitism," passed a devastating judgment in his foundation-making work in this 
subject of 1929, Das Blut in judischem Schriftum und Branch [Blood in Jewish 
Scripture and Custom]. It may be taken as evidence of bad conscience that Moritz 
Stern occupied himself merely with the the already widely available, allegedly 
coerced-by-torture statements of his racial comrades ~ but simply held back the 
most important thing, the Protocol of the three physicians which was received 
before the interrogation! That Stern finally accuses the Trent Bishop Hinderbach, 
presiding at the time of the murder, without any indication of reason and proof, of 
"preparing" the trial documents after [the trial], serves only as a rounding out of 
what has already been said about these "researches" by competent experts. 

The Trent pronouncement of sentence took drastic measures; one could almost 
have promised a lasting effect from it. Yet already, five years later, in 1480, in the 
(41) Portobuffole region, belonging to the Republic of Venice, the seven year-old 
boy Sebastian Novello of Bergamo is slaughtered by several Jews. Here too the 
case against the Jews could be made and their guilt proved beyond doubt in 
interminable hearings. On St. Mark's Place in Venice, in front of the Doge's Palace, 
the criminals were publicly burned. 

Go to: Before 1840/Page 3 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Before 1840 

Page 3 

(p. 41) 

From the same year the BoUandists report {April 11, p. 838) as the second case the 
murder of a small child at Motta in the Venetian region. A third case occurred at 
Treviso. Again, five years later, Jews slaughtered the child Lorenzo in the area of 
Vicenza, a sign that at that time these areas especially had been designated by 
secret instructions to "furnish" blood. At this time all Jews were banished ~ as it 
said, "for all time" ~ only to encyst themselves a few years later again as 
merchants, thanks to the support of the Jew -bought Doge Mocenigo of Venice, 
who was always in need of money (15) . In the year 1487 the Franciscan Bernardin 
of Feltre closed a sermon at Crema (in upper Italy) with the words: "The usury of 
the Jews is so out of bounds that the poor are strangled. And should I, who eat the 
bread of the poor, keep silent when I see their robbery?" (16) 

The same Doge Mocenigo, by the way, had issued the following order, which 
typifies the powerful influence of the Jews, on the 22nd of April 1475 ~ therefore 
before the investigation had unearthed the true facts of the case: "It is to be 
accepted that the news which has it that the Jews had murdered a Christian child, is 
only peddled for ulterior reasons; since the Doge wishes that the Jews might live 
peacefully and comfortably in his land, he hereby forbids that their standing in 
society be changed in any manner, and does not allow pastors to spread this 
information from the pulpit or for anyone at all to spread this news in such a way 
as to agitate against the Jews. . ." (Geza von Onody, p. 84). Emanuel Baumgarten 
adds to this (in his defense of the Jews: (42) Die Blutbeschuldigung gegen die 
Juden. Von christlicher Seite beurteilt {The Blood-Accusation against the Jews, 
Evaluated from the Christian Side], 2nd edition, Vienna, 1883 ~ all in all, a weaker 
recasting of the notorious Chrsitlichen Zeugnisse gegen die Blutbeschuldigung der 
Juden [Christian Testimonials against the Blood-Accusation of the Jews], Berlin, 
1882) the following supplementary letter of this Doge from that time: "How very 
much this affair displeases us, and is painful and unpleasant, you, with your 
cleverness, may be able to realize best. We at least believe that the rumor 
concerning the murder of the boy is a slanderous invention; for what reason, 
others may see. But we have always wished that the Jews in our lands live securely 
and without fear, that they be protected from any injury in a manner equal to the 

rest of our other loyal subjects {omnis inuria absit ab illis).'' 

Outside of Italy as well, the outgoing 15th century lists Jewish blood-murders of 
children. In the year 1486 ~ thus a decade after the Trent murder case, in 
Regensburg not fewer than six children were murdered by Jews in a subterranean 
vault. The remains of the dismembered corpses were brought to the town hall. In 
the vault was found a stone block, fixed up like an altar, whose blood-traces were 
covered with glue (Raderus, Bavaria sancta, III, p. 174). 

In 1490 in Guardia near Toledo, a small child was nailed to the cross by Jews, 
after he had been stabbed and scourged. The child was canonized. In 1886 the 
history of his sufferings was published (//. Desp., p. 79). 

In 1494 fourteen Jews, among them two Jewesses, dragged off a child into a Jewish 
house in Tyrnau in Hungary; after they had stuffed his mouth, they opened the 
victim's veins. The blood was carefully collected "down to the last drop" and a 
portion preserved. The body was dismembered. At house-searching, spots of blood 
were discovered in one of the Jewish houses, which led to the arrest of the 
murderers. The Jewish women who had been questioned first confessed the crime 
in all its horrific details. The main culprits were condemned to death by fire 
(Bonfinius: Fasti Ungarici, III, 5 mid Acta sanct., April II, p. 505) 

In 1498 a bloody persecution of the Jews broke out on the Greek island of Zante 
because the populace (43) had been driven to self-help by a whole chain of ritual 
crimes, which without exception happened around the time of the Jewish 

In the year 1503, as Eck was passing from Cologne to Freiburg "for his studies," 
he had the opportunity at Freiburg to observe the body of a child butchered 
according to Jewish rites, which was discovered "in the woods": "[I was able to] 
grasp and to touch the cuts of the child with my fingers, perhaps four weeks after 
the murder." The blood had been smuggled into Alsace. 

In the city archives of Tyrnau there is a document from the year 1529, which was 
composed on the occasion of the ritual-murder at Bosing (17) . It reports that on 
Ascension Day 1529 in the market-town of Bosing, which today is situated in 
Slovakia, the nine-year-old son of the tenant farmer Gregor MaiBlinger suddenly 
disappeared. Early in the morning of the next day, a peasant woman found outside 
the village a mutilated child's body with the hands bound and lying on his face in a 
puddle among thorn hedges. She immediately brought her discovery to the court, 
which determined that it was the child who had disappeared the day before; the 
father was able to recognize his son in the mutilated child's remains. The type of 
wounds and the circumstance of the body being empty of blood steered suspicion 
toward the Jews of the village, especially since an entire series of similar crimes 
from earlier years had remained unsolved. The entire Jewish population of the 
market town was "taken prisoner." A court commission under the chairmanship of 
the Count of "St. George and Bosing" determined exactly the type of the wounds 
on the body and proceeded then to harsh individual interrogation of those arrested. 
The Jew David Saifmacher confessed that the Jew Michel took the child captive 
and got him into the cellar and after a while a great number of Jews showed up in 
order to torture the child. Jew Michel confessed how he lured the child into his 

house on Ascension Day and that "all tortured (44)the said child with each other, 
and he [himself] had struck the first blow on his head with a hook and then each 
Jew stabbed the child for a while." 

The blood was sucked out of the body by means of a quill and a little "tube," 
collected in bottles and next hidden in the synagogue "where it was the occasion of 
much rejoicing." The Jew Wolfl finally killed the innocent creature by stabbing 
him in the nape of the neck. With the agreement of all the Jews, the blood was 
handed over to various Jewish middlemen. The child's body "was carried at night 
with bound hands out beyond the Hofner alleys and laid in a [patch of] thorn plants 
near a stand of some nut trees, where some Jews then stood watch." 

Jew Saifmacher was comfortable enough to still make the confession that just five 
years before, in 1524, he had been given the task of driving out of the city of 
Tyrnau [the body of] a "tortured" (= ritually butchered) Christian, hidden in a 
cartload of manure. 

This statement was amplified by the Jew Szecho, who declared that "in Passion 
Week four years ago a Christian at Tyrnau had been tortured, but he [himself] had 
not been there." 

On the Friday after Pentecost of the year 1529, "in the several thousands, people 
from other cities, market-towns and villages" awaited the verdict. It corresponded 
to the sentiment of the people: the Jews of Bosing, thirty in number, were led out to 
a place far outside the market town, "set afire and burned to a powder." The 
children of the Jews were divided among individual families and ~ baptized. 

At the excavation site on the occasion of the construction of the PreBburg-Tyrnauer 
railroad in 1840, in the vicinity of the present railway station of Bosing, a walled 
cavity was stumbled upon, which still was filled with the remnants of bones and 

In 1540, at Easter, the four-and-a-half-year-old Michael Piesenharter from 
Sappenfeld, Kreis Neuburg (Oberpfalz) was kidnapped by Jewish merchants in the 
area of Ingolstadt, bound to a pillar, tortured for three days, his fingers and toes 
mutilated, finally cut with crosses all over his body and after death had occurred, 
hidden under dry foliage. A shepherd dog helped to trace the body. A Jewish child 
had reported to his non- Jewish companion that a child had been tortured (45) to 
death, "this dog has howled for three days long" ~ thus the Jewish child already 
received the conviction inoculated into him that anyone not Jewish had only the 
status of a beast. The blood was found later in Posingen (Raderus, Bavaria sancta 
III, 178 etc.). 

The examination findings of the surgeons yielded the following: "the body pitifully 
torn to pieces, many piercing wounds, on the right shoulder a cross incised, 
circumcised. . ." (Johann Eck, Judenbuchlein). The Jewish criminals were 
supposed to be acquitted through a "letter of release" hurriedly arranged on the part 
of some indebted members of the nobility. 

In 1547 at Rawa in Poland two Jews stole the son of a tailor and nailed him to a 
cross; the murderers were convicted and burned, their racial comrades expelled 

(Acta sanct., II, April, p. 839). 

In 1569 at Witow in Poland the two-year-old son of a widow was sold by a down- 
on-his-luck subject for two silver Marks to the Jew Jacob and by the latter was 
slowly tortured to death in hideous manner. Ludwig Dycx, Gouverneur of Cracow, 
reports on this case, as well as the fact that simultaneously in Bielsko and also 
other places Christian blood has been shed by the Jews {Acta sanct., ibid.). 

In 1574 the Jew Joachim Smierlowicz in Punia (Lithuania) killed a seven-year-old 
girl shortly before Palm Sunday. Inscription and image in the chapel of the Holy 
Cross in Vilna bear witness that the blood of the child was mixed with the meal 
which served for the preparation of the matzos (Easter bread) (Acta sanct., ibid.). 

Around the same time in Zglobice the Jews stole a boy whom they carried off to 
Tarnow, where already another youngster was found in the hands of the Jews 
under suspicious circumstances; both children were still able to be freed in time 
(Acta sanct., ibid.). 

In 1590 in the small town of Szydlow the Jews stole a peasant boy and withdrew 
his blood from him through opening the veins and numberless piercing wounds. 
The corpse was found in an isolated spot and bore all the signs of torture (Acta 
sanct., ibid.) 

In 1592, in March at Vilna, the seven-year-old Simon Kierelis (46) was tortured 
to death by several Jews. Upon his body over 170 wounds were caused by knife 
and scissors, aside from the many cuts which they had inflicted on him under the 
nails of his fingers and toes. The body was later handed over to the monks of St. 
Bemhard. In the church of St. Bemhard at Vilna there is a marble tablet with the 
following inscription: "Memorial of the minor child Simon Kierelis, bom at Vilna, 
who in his seventh year of life was horribly murdered by the Jews with 170 cutting 
wounds and was buried in this church. In the year 1592 after the birth of Christ" 
(Acta sanct., among other places, March III, p. 589). 

In 1595 at Gostyn in Poland two Jews were strangled because of repeated blood- 
murders of children ~ "all of Poland was aroused at that time" (Acta sanct., April 
II, p. 839). 

In 1597, again in the vicinity of Szydlow, Jews stole a peasant child and butchered 
him [in the Jewish manner]. The blood, having been tapped, was used, among other 
purposes, for the dedication of the new synagogue at Szydlow. The body, 
discovered in an open field, showed piercing wounds in the eyelids, in the neck, in 
the veins, the limbs, and in the sexual organs and was severely contracted due to 
the fact that tortures which employed fire had been inflicted upon the child (ab igne 
constrictum), "From gazing [upon the body] everyone was seized by horror." 
According to the report of the BoUandists (Acta sanct., April II, p. 839) the 
wretched victim died under "choice tortures" (per tormenta exquisita); what was 
meant by that was clearly to be seen in the body which had been discovered. 

In 1598 in the village of Woznik (Podolia) the four-year-old son Albert of the 
farmer Pietrzynin of Smierzanow, who had left his father's side and lost his way, 
was kidnapped by two young Jews and butchered [in the Jewish manner: Whenever 

the verb schdchten is used, it indicates butchering according to Jewish slaughtering 
rites.] under the most horrific tortures four days before the Jewish Easter, at which 
the most influential Jews of the region were present. The body was at first 
hidden under barrels, then thrown on marshy ground. The crime was soon 
discovered by reason of the features of the wounds; the Jews offered everything to 
bribe the judges of the highest Polish court at Lublin. They possessed the 
impudence to refer to "privileges," according to which they could not recognize the 
court. (47) Nevertheless, the "Royal High General Court" decided that "the Jews 
could not be protected by their charters [of privileges] which they produced, in 
such an abominable atrocity and such a horrible crime. . ." The elders of the Jews 
of Lublin now attempted to obtain "postponement of the case," in order to "carry 
the investigation a farther distance" according to their well-known practices, "to 
prove" their "innocence." They had no success. One of the murderers, Isaac, stated 
that the child had been hidden at first in a cellar for several weeks. The Jewess 
Anastasia had gone to the child [he stated] when he whimpered from being afraid. . 
.,"... "after which Mosko and Selmann took the child and brought him through a 
chamber; but Isaac walked behind them with the knife with which they were 
otherwise used to using to slaughter cattle, and had killed the child in this manner. 
Moses had cut, or rather stabbed the breast, as did Selmann, but Isaac had cut the 
hand, after which they caught up the blood into a pot. . ." One of the Jews, who 
kidnapped the child, Aaron, suddenly wanted to be baptized. But when it was 
revealed to him that he would be condemned despite this, "the Jew fell silent and 
was very shaken" and declared that he would then die as a Jew. 

The chief perpetrators were broken on the wheel; the Rabbi Isaac confessed before 
his death that the Jews required non- Jewish blood for ritual purposes, in part for 
Easter wine [i.e., for Passover wine; Whenever the author refers to "Jewish Easter," 
the festival of Passover, Pessach, is meant; Easter and Passover occur during the 
same time of year, and in fact the date of Easter is determined (approximately) by 
the date upon which Passover falls.], and in part for Easter bread! (Acta sanct, 
April, II, p. 835; Hosman, Das schwer zu bekeherende Judenherz\The Jewish 
Heart, Hard to Convert], p. 121; Tentzel, Monatl. Unterr., 1694, p. 130). As we 
have seen, the Jewish plague simply had terrible free range in Poland; in every 
year countless children disappeared, most around the time of Easter! "All of 
Poland was aroused at that time." 

At the threshold of modern times, in 1650, on March 1 1, a child by the name of 
Mathias Tillich at Kaaden in Bohemia was "killed with a knife" by a Jew ~ on 
both hands the fingers had been cut off (Eisenmenger, p. 373). Thereupon all Jews 
of Kaaden were banished for the well-known "all time" by Imperial order. A 
memorial tablet was later erected for the victim (Hosmann, p. 47, Appendix). 

In 1665, on the 1 1th of May, in the Jewish Quarter of Vienna, a woman was 
murdered in the most horrible fashion and the blood-emptied body, (48)in a sack 
weighted with stones was thrown into a horse-trough. The body was covered with 
countless piercing wounds, while the head, both shoulders and thighs had been 
separated by an expert hand. 

Since the Jews in the following years committed a series of similar crimes, on the 

4th of February of the year 1670 it was proclaimed in every public place in Vienna 

"that all Jews without exception take themselves away from there forever and on 
the evening of Corpus Christi that not one should let himself be seen there any 
more, on pain of the death penalty." The fortunate city of Vienna straightaway lost 
1400 Jews, one part of whom characteristically migrated to Venice, another portion 
of them to Turkey ~ thus into the regions in which they were able to go about the 
ritual-slaughter of human beings without being disturbed (Eisenmenger-Schieferl, 
Entdecktes Judentum [Judaism Uncovered^ Dresden, 1893, p. 369). 

The list of Jewish ritual crimes in the centuries of the so-called Middle Ages alone 
is endless. Even the most careful arrangement and sorting ~ as far as this is at all 
possible ~ of all the relevant document passages, documentary authentic examples, 
and reliable reports, will have to remain forever incomplete for the reason that most 
crimes of this type were not generally known or, respectively, recognized ~ that is, 
as ritual crimes commanded to Jewish murderers in accord with certain laws, and 
which therefore were not always penetrated because they seemed downright 
incomprehensible to non- Jewish humanity and were not comparable to any of the 
usual cases of murder ~ they could only originate in Jewish Talmudic brains! 
Moreover, there were, time after time, influential persons who were dependent 
upon Jews, at the head of some state organ ~ one recalls the Doge of Venice ~ who 
quashed most willingly proceedings against the Jews or warded them off and 
summoned back the once-expelled murder plague into the land again after a short 

But Jewry is resolved, still, to adulterate documentary and authentic and 
unshakable evidence, as an example (Trent) has already demonstrated, or, if even 
these tricks misfire, to dispose of these murders from that time as regrettable 
"isolated cases" and to describe them as unquestionably unworthy of "modem," 
"enlightened," and "civilized" Jews. Also spoken of are medieval religious 
"aberrations" of individual fanatic (49) "sects." Thus did the French historian 
Feller, a laudable exception of his time, recognize razor-sharp, this Jewish 
maneuver. He writes in his Journal historique et litteraire of 1778 on 18 January: 
"If one listens to the scholars of our day, it was pure fanaticism that could have 
ever [caused] the ascribing of such barbarous atrocities to the Jews at all. If one 
accuses them in the year 1775 of having again committed such an atrocity in 
Poland, the other side tries to make out the witnesses of the acts to be the viewers 
of apparitions and declares anyone of the sort to be half-crazy who gives any credit 
to the statements of the witnesses." 

These findings are all the more remarkable, when indeed in this 18th century the so- 
called Enlightenment ran its pernicious course through all of Europe and looked 
back with sovereign contempt, as if upon a conquered position, upon the "Dark 
Middle Ages," which nonetheless showed instances of incorruptible righteousness, 
an attitude of mind which was only too happy to a priori reject anything which 
could be somehow laid to the account of supposed medieval prejudice! Even the 
mere possibility of believing in the existence of blood-murder or of listening to 
witnesses was condemned in advance ~ there must be a misunderstanding, the 
death a misadventure, some kind of accident, to be attributed to some sort of 
perverse and unfortunate inclination of a pathetic individual ~ under these 
circumstances it is at any rate understandable, then, that the thus "enlightened" 18th 
century was not prepared to solve any murders of the constantly exercised Jewish 

blood-practice ~ and, from pure enlightenment no longer recognized the closest- 
occurring and simplest case in its true essence, and above all in its deepest-lying 

So wrote the Hungarian Reichstag Deputy Geza Onody on the occasion of the great 
ritual-murder trial of Tisza-Eszlar (1883) (18) : "In the Age of Enlightenment and 
Tolerance we have happily reached the point at which we simply put aside these 
kinds of (ritual-murder) inquiries and investigations and, in short order declare the 
blood-accusation, repeatedly raised against the Jews afresh time after time (50)on 
the basis of new criminal facts, to be an absurd, dark superstition which belongs 
to the junk room of the intolerant, bigoted, and mentally limited Middle Ages ~ 
and the raising of which redounds to the shame and discredit for the progressive 
spirit of the times and the genius of humanity." 

How disastrously that attitude of mind consciously or unknowingly obliged Jewry, 
the following case might show: The thirteen-year-old Andreas Takals was made 
to bleed to death by a [Jewish ritual] butchering cut on 21 February 1791 in the 
little Transylvanian village of Per. The Jew Abraham was arrested, his five-year- 
old son was a witness to the slaughtering and stated before the court that his father, 
together with the Rabbi and still other foreign Jews had slaughtered Andreas: "At 
night Father came home with some other Jews, among whom was also the Karolyer 
Rabbi of the Jews. They took from Andreas his guba (fur coat) removed his shirt, 
and held his mouth (the impression of five fingers was still discoverable on the 
body), stuffed his mouth with clay, and Jakob tied his feet together, hung him up 
by a cord from a beam, and then (the head hung downwards) cut open the vein on 
the right side of his neck, while Father held a leaden basin to catch the blood. " (19) 

The blood was taken away by the Rabbi. An eyewitness of the autopsy, the 
Reformed Pastor of Per and "Chief Notary of the Reformed Church District beyond 
the TheiB," the former Daniel Heczey, writes in his notes (20) : "Following the 
exhumation which took place on 24 February 1791, the boy is now thoroughly 
dissected. I saw with my own eyes that upon the opening of the veins of the 
right arm, not one drop of blood appeared, because the blood had been 
drained off from the right side of the neck (ritual slaughter cut!) but on the 
other had, from the left arm two little drops of blood flowed out, the internal 
vital organs were entirely empty of blood, and the diaphragm and the sexual 
organs together with the bladder had been torn apart. . ." 

(51) Although they had the cleverest attorneys, on the 27th of December 1792 all of 
the accused were condemned to death at the wheel by the Comitat Court at Zilah, 
but meanwhile an order had been issued from Vienna, according to which the 
execution of judgment in these trials was made dependent upon the approval of 
the Emperor. At the same time, a command reached the authorities [which ordered] 
that "anyone who would dare to make the slightest reproach to the Jews in this 
matter, would have to reckon with the severest penalty." 

This occurrence excited the highest outrage of the populace. The rationale for the 
order, however, read as follows (21) : "The belief has spread among the people, that 
the Jews require Christian blood on certain feast days; that is an old deeply-rooted 
error and serves only to awaken undeserved hatred against the Jews in our 

homeland. His Majesty has deigned to command that the clergy and the civil 
authority might enlighten the people to this, for this opinion is only a fable. If it 
were true, surely it would have been betrayed long ago by the Jews converted to 
Christianity. If murders committed by Jews do happen, such murders are nothing 
other than the ordinary murders [also] committed by Christians and have no 
connection with the [Jewish] rite. . ." 

"And have no connection with the rite" ~ one really smells the whiff of garlic of 
Jewish inspiration! In any case, the accused were set free! 

In the old parish church of St. Paul in Eppan, in the Tyrol, a small sarcophagus 
stands at the left pier of the presbytery, and bears the following inscription: "Place 
of burial of the innocent boy Franz Locherer, who on 9 Aug. 1744 was found in 
the forest at Montiggl, slain in the manner of Simon of Trent. 'Let the little ones 
come unto me, for such is the Kingdom of Heaven.'" Not far away, on the church 
wall is affixed a memorial plaque with the following inscription: "In the year 1744, 
on the 5th of August, the honorable Joseph Locherer and Anna Aberhamin lost 
their son, aged 8 years, 7 months, and 25 days, for whom they searched for most 
carefully (52) for 3 days with great sorrow: but just then. . .on the 4th day, a 
Saturday, he was found with the help of a shepherd boy by his father with great 
grief of heart, to have been murdered by an unchristian Jewish hand, with his 
neck stabbed through, the body and the bowels bound fast with his garters and 
the entire body so badly beaten that [the body] itself seemed to be a single total 
wound. . ." "(/?^fZ6>vamm [restored] on 23 July 1855)." 

This plaque already conveys the most essential fact; moreover, a later protocol 
from the 17th of March 1802 reads: "a Judaeo immaniter occisr — "inhumanely 
slain by a Jew. . ." 

The facts of the case, based upon the interrogation protocols of 12 August 1744 at 
the i'c/xto^ [castle] at Gandegg are recorded in the parish archives of St. Paul's in 
Eppan and are, briefly, as follows: The parents searched in vain for three long days 
for their child. A young herdsman finally reported that he heard a child cry out 
pitifully in the Kalten Forest; he indicted the approximate direction. The father 
actually found his child, murdered in the most horrifying way and lying on his back 
on a tree trunk. The neck was stabbed through, and besides this it showed red 
welts, as though the child had been strangled with a cord; the body was cut up so 
that the intestines hung out; moreover, the child had been circumcised. The whole 
body was so beaten that it seemed like one single wound and ~ it was emptied of 
blood! Various circumstances suggested that the murderer or murderers had been 
disturbed during the act of slaughter. 

While the judges of Eppan and Kalten argued about [matters of] allegedly 
offended jurisdiction and squabbled over the court fees, a Jew who had been 
discovered by several witnesses to have behaved suspiciously and who had been 
noticed in the area for a long time, escaped. When the instructions finally came that 
both judges should investigate the perpetrator together, it was naturally too late! 
The opinion that a Jewish blood-murder had occurred in this case also, has been 
maintained to this day among the people and finds unequivocal expression in 
documents and memoranda. The murdered child was viewed as a martyr from the 
start. His veneration was tolerated (Deckert: Vier Tiroler Kinder, Opfer des 

chassidischen Fanatismus, Vienna, 1893). 

(53)In Russia, not far from the city of Zaslav, on 29 March 1747 young herdsmen 
found the trampled body of an unknown man in a marsh. In Zaslav the inquest was 
conducted in the presence of the mayor and many deputies: all the fingers of the 
right hand had been amputated, the blood vessels opened up to the elbow, and the 
bones splintered. On the left hand three fingers were missing, the blood vessels and 
sinews were pulled out up to the shoulder joint, and the bones likewise smashed. 
Three toes of the left foot had been amputated, while the nails had been torn off the 
remaining ones; on the calfs, the blood vessels had been cut out and the teeth had 
been knocked out. The entire body was thoroughly stabbed all over. 

Among some of the Jews arrested on suspicion was Soruch Leibowitz, who 
suddenly declared that he wished to communicate important perceptions to the 
deputy Starost [title which was used in the East and equivalent to Governor]; on 
the basis of his statements three more Jews were arrested ~ and the whole band of 
murderers was in custody! The long interrogations yielded the facts that the blood- 
murder had been performed as a decision of the Kahal of Zaslov; a lonely 
traveling journeyman had been gotten drunk in a Jewish gin-mill and then tortured 
in the presence of the elders of the Kahal, mutilated and ritually butchered. The 
tortures extended over several days. The blood was collected in basins and bowls, 
bottles filled with it and brought into the city of Zaslav to the Rabbi there. Each of 
the participants of the murder had taken a little of the blood, in order to add it to the 

On 26 April 1747 the judgment was passed in accord with the Saxon Codex: the 
judges, in this case not made sickly by "humanitarianism" and "enlightenment," 
proceeded from the basis of having the murderers bear the torments which they had 
inflicted upon an unsuspecting non- Jewish victim in systematic torture. The bodies 
of the executed were left to the birds as fodder. . . 

This remained the last death sentence against Jewish ritual-murderers in Russian 

Other sources then report the butchering of the three-and-a-half year-old son of a 
Russian nobleman on Good (54) Friday (!) of the year 1753 in the vicinity of 
Kiev. The blood of the victim was collected in bottles, the corpse thrown into a 
nearby wood where the residents of the village found it on the first day of Easter. 
The documents concerning this case were located at the court in Kiev (v. Onody). 
[Certain, like many other records, to have disappeared under Communist rule.] 

Further cases occurred in 1764 in Orkuta (Hungary), where a child who was 
plucking flowers in a meadow was kidnapped by Polish Jews, in 1791 in 
HoUeschau (Moravia), at the same time in Woplawicz (district of Lublin) and 
under the reign of the Sultan Selim III in 1791 in Pera, where 60 Jews were 
convicted of the crime against a young Greek and were hanged in tens by rope at 
the bazaar (H. Desp., le mystere du sang., p. 89). These few blood-murders which 
have become known show well enough that in the 18th century too, the blood- 
practice of international Jewry could be performed without interruption. 

In more recent times certain clerical currents [of thought] have accepted this 

phenomenon as [the Jews allege it to be]. They regard the Jews ~ if not with 
baptismal water immediately at hand ~ as lost lambs whose cause should be taken 
up all the more lovingly to the point of complete purification. To this dubious 
enterprise, the disastrous "Mission to the Jews" ~ in its time as removed from the 
world as it was close to the Jews ~ owed its origin as well as its inglorious end. It 
was never conscious of the physiological as well as psychological ~ and eternal ~ 
law involved, that blood is always thicker than water, even baptismal water, which 
indeed, as far as the Jews are concerned, is termed "whore's water" (Majim 
kedeschim) or as "stinking water" {Majim seruchim), while baptism itself appears 
as an act "of uncleanness" and of "filth" (according to Eisenmenger), which can 
only be allowed to be done to deceive the Akum (non-Jews). But the Jew who lets 
himself be baptized in earnest, makes himself guilty of an offense worthy of death, 
according to the Jewish conception of the law (according to Rohling: Polemik und 
Menschenopfer, 1883, p. 20.21) [Polemics and Human Sacrifice]. In general, the 
Jewish baptismal candidates resemble those "honorable Jews" Heine and Borne, 
who, to use the words of a leading so-called Reform Jew, the Professor at the 
rabbinical seminary at Breslau, Gratz (22) , (55) "outwardly break with Judaism, 
but only like warriors, who grasp the armor and flag of the enemy, that they 
might more surely strike him and more emphatically annihilate him" ~ indeed, 
that is said quite openly. 

We shall still have opportunity to deal with this category of Jews. 

Now, however, one cannot, with eyes piously uplifted, artfully shift (for example) 
the 19th century into the setting of the supposedly dark Middle Ages. Indeed, it is 
exactly this 19th century which is so rich in extremely revealing ritual-murder 
cases and their court procedures, that in the true sense of the word it makes a 
bloody mockery of any philosophical or theological attempts to improve upon it, 
and categorically demands for our time: the total elimination of the Jewish blood 
sucker from the body of the non- Jewish peoples ! 

The past 19th century took on the legacy of the centuries which preceded it in more 
than one respect. The already long yeamed-for "Enlightenment" fell into the lap of 
Jewry in this century by itself ~ it meant: Emancipation. As such, it was "that 
result of legislative acts which, on the basis of the Enlightenment and its natural- 
right construction of human rights, first removed the status of exception of the 
Jews in the State, which was still medieval and bound to the Church, and then 
in a more or less long period of general domestic reorganization (!), elevated the 
Jews to the status of citizens of the State with equality of rights." (23) 

A truly Jewish era seems to be dawning: Jewish gold, and with it Jewish influence 
everywhere, the Jewish Press dictates public opinion and Jews occupy the seats of 
government ministries, professorships (24) and judicial benches, the fate of whole 
states is determined by Jewish organizations ~ a stroke of the pen from 
Rothschild, and a non-compliant nation will be delivered into state bankruptcy. 

Under these conditions it is no wonder if we must draw the following conclusions 
in regard to our researches into this (56) century of Jewish emancipation: 
1. The number of ritual-murders performed with unbelievable brazenness and self- 
confidence becomes frighteningly rampant; 

2. when court procedures are initiated, they lead ~ when not immediately nipped in 
the bud ~ to no result, amidst scandalous accompanying circumstances. 

3. The individual governments are not, by themselves, in any shape to confront the 
Jewish murder-plague, because they 

4. are at the mercy of Jewish high finance. 

For the 19th century there are over 50 attested blood-crimes, and the majority of 
the murder cases occurred ~ as in all past cases ~ around the time of the Jewish 
Purim and Passover! 

We wish to put forward, as likeliest for consideration by chronological order, only 
the following ritual-murders: 

1803 On 10 March the 72-year-old Jew Hirsch from Sugenheim seized a child 
aged two years and four months, in the hamlet of Buchhof, which lies in the outer 
environs of Nuremberg. When the child was missed along with the Jew, the latter 
came out of the adjacent woods across the field to Buchhof and helped search for 
the child. On the next day the Jew denied having been in Buchhof at all on the 10th 
of March! The father of the missing child wanted to prove the contrary with 
witnesses, but was rebuffed by the judicial authority with threats and abuse. On the 
twelfth day the child was found dead, wounded under the tongue, with a bloody 
mouth and, despite the dirty weather, with clean clothes. The Kreisdirektorium 
[local administrative governing body] then in Neustadt was besieged by the Jewish 
riff-raff for so long, till the case turned out to its satisfaction. The father was 
coerced by threats into signing a protocol according to which the child, who had 
still been warm at the discovery [of the body], had frozen to death! (Friedrich 
Ortel: Was glauben die Juden? [What do the Jews Believe?^, Bamberg, 1823). 
1805 The blood-emptied corpse of the twelve-year-old Trofim Nikitin, stabbed to 
the point of unrecognizability, was discovered in the dunes. Three Jews were made 
to answer charges before the district court at Velish, (57) among them a certain 
Chaim Tschomy, who came under strong suspicion of a similar crime in 1823. The 
entire affair had finally been left to "the will of God" ! (Lyutostanski: Judische 
Ritualmorde in Rufiland [Jewish Ritual-Murders in Russia], p. 17). Velish had a 
whole chain of blood murders to display! 

1810 In Aleppo a poor Christian tradeswoman disappeared. Since she was not 
under the protection of any Consulate, there was never any trial, although public 
opinion accused the Jewish real estate broker Rafful Ancona of having killed the 
woman in order to have non- Jewish blood for the Jewish Easter (from a letter of 
the English Ex-Consul in Aleppo, John Barker, to the Count Ratti-Menton on 20 
April 1840. ~ Achille Laurent, Affaires de Syrie, H. Desportes, p. 89). 
1812 On Corfu three Jews who had strangled a child were condemned to death in 
October. A short time later, the child of a Greek by the name of Riga was stolen on 
this island and ritually butchered (Achille Laurent, Affaires de Syrie). 
1817 The ritual-murder committed in this year against the minor girl Marianna 
Adamovicz at Vilna remained unpunished. The court proceedings were later 
quashed due to a "statute of limitation" (Konstantin de Cholewa Pawlikowski: Der 
Talmud, p. 280). 

1817 Three ritual-murders in Velish, committed against two boys and the wife of a 
Polish nobleman! 
1819 Two small beggar-girls were lured into a Jewish gin-mill and murdered. 

Numerous accused Jews were convicted of deliberately [making] false statements, 
but were released! 

These years had been famine years for Russia. Countless children passed from 
place to place, begging, and the Jews exploited this catastrophe in still other ways 
than by usury. As two of the chief witnesses of the later Velish trial of the year 
1823 stated before the court, hungry children were lured into, and then ritually 
butchered in, the cellars of Jewish houses. The witnesses (58) knew most of the 
guilty parties and were even able to describe the events of the ritual slaughterings 
in all details. One Jew had been so incriminated by these statements, that he called 
out: "If a member of my family will confess and tell everything, then I will also 

But the other Jews stubbornly kept silent or screamed and threatened (!) in such a 
way that the Commission had to interrupt the interrogations. At a wink and a nod 
from a higher authority, the proceedings came to nothing. (Lyutostanski, p. 20). 
1823 On the 23rd of April (!), at Velish, in the Russian government [district] of 
Vitebsk, the three-and-a-half year-old son of the invalid Yemelian Ivanov was 
kidnapped by Jews, tortured to death during the tapping of his blood, and dragged 
into evergreen shrubbery, where the blood-emptied body was discovered on 4 May. 
The autopsy, performed by a staff doctor in the presence of a Commission, had 
yielded, among other information, the fact that the skin on many parts of the body 
was scraped raw and inflamed as the result of forceful and continued rubbing with 
a brush-like object, that on the body numerous wounds, as if originating from a dull 
nail, were found, and that marks of throttling allowed the realization that the victim 
was strangled. The legs had been tied together beneath the knees. The intestines of 
the child were completely empty and without decay. From these circumstances, the 
chief examiner concluded that 

1. the boy was intentionally tortured, that he 

2. was left several days without food (inferred from the emptied intestines), that 

3. the mouth had been strongly tied closed in order to keep the victim from yelling, 

4. the body of the child had been rubbed with a brush in order to bring the blood 
into lively circulation, that 

5. the legs were tied off in order to direct the blood to the upper parts of the body, 

6. the victim had been stabbed in numerous places or had been drilled in order to 
tap off the blood directly under the skin, and that(59) 

7. this outrage was perpetrated upon the unclothed child while he was still living ~ 
there were no traces of blood on the child's things. 

Despite of the many eye witnesses strongly incriminating the Jews, the trial was 
suddenly quashed and numerous charged Jews were "acquitted" (Pawlikowski). 
According to Lyutostanski, who treats the trial against the multi-branched, far- 
reaching and best-organized Jewish murder gang comprehensively and with 
greatest exactitude, three non-Jewish chief witnesses for the prosecution were 
banished to Siberia by decision of the Russian state council on 18 January 1835, 
therefore after twelve (!) years! Jewry had every reason to eliminate these very 
witnesses, for they had made corresponding statements to the effect that among 
other things, bottles had been filled with the blood of the child and sent on to other 
Jewish communities. Also [they stated], linen soaked in this blood had been 

distributed, while the remaining blood had dried up. These extremely important 
statements prove completely independently in a startling manner the correctness of 
the revelations of the former Rabbi Noe Weinjung (Neophyte), to which we shall 
return in another connection. 

During the trial proceedings, however, yet five (!) other, entirely similar blood- 
murders came to light, which, aside from corresponding to one another in the same 
goal of gaining blood, also corresponded in the fact that all of the murderers 
remained unpunished, although they could be exactly identified. But on February 
28, 1817, the Imperial Russian government issued the order that Jews were in no 
event to be charged with blood-murders! The files were simply made 
unrecognizable or held back and duty-conscious, uncooperative officials were 
discharged or deported. . . 

1824 In Beirut the translator Fatchallah Sayegh was killed by his Jewish 
landlady. The investigation found ritual-murder (Henri Desportes: Le myst. du 
sang., p. 89). 

1826 At Warsaw on a country road, a murdered (60) five-year-old boy was found, 
whose body showed over 100 wounds as signs of the withdrawal of blood, at which 
all of Warsaw fell into rioting. The Jews sought everywhere to prove their 
innocence, without yet having been accused. The report made to the court, together 
with the physician's record, was soon placed ad acta (Pawlikowski, as above, p. 

1827 At Vilna, the body of the peasant child Ossyp Petrowicz who had previously 
(according to the statements of the sixteen year-old herdsman Zukowski) been 
kidnapped from an open field by the Jews, was found with multiple piercing stab 
wounds (Amtl. Mitteilung des gouvernemnts zu M/^a[Official communication of 
the government at Vilna]; see Pawlikowski, p. 282). Two Jews who had given 
incriminating statements were found dead shortly thereafter: the one had been slain 
[outright], the other had been poisoned. . .(Lyutostanski, p. 20). 

1827 In Warsaw Jewish constables kidnapped a non- Jewish child shortly before 
the Jewish Easter (Chiarini, Theoria del Giudaismo, Volume I, p. 355). 
1827 At about the same time the seven-year-old Jewess, Ben-Noud, bom in 
Aleppo, saw from the roof of the house of her relatives in Antioch two boys who 
were hung up by their legs and had blood streaming from them. Horrified over this 
scene, she ran away crying. Her aunt said to her that the children had been 
"naughty" and had been punished for it. Later the bodies had disappeared, but she 
found on the floor of the room a large brass vase, which the Arabs call a laghen, 
filled completely with blood (Achille Laurent, Affaires de Syrie, tome II, p. 320. 
Paris, 1864). 

1829 At Hamath in Asia Minor a young Turkish woman was frightfully mutilated 
by the Jews; the Jews saved their lives by means of high sums of bribery and were 
merely expelled (H. Desportes, p. 90). 

1831 In St. Petersburg the Jews killed the daughter of an officer of the Guard. The 
ritual purpose of the murder was recognized by four judges, but designated as 
doubtful by the fifth. The guilty parties were merely banished (Henri Desportes, le 
myst. du sang., p. 91). (61) 

1834 The Jewess Ben-Noud, who later converted to Christianity, was a witness in 
Tripoli when an old man was lured into an ambush by several Jews and hung up 
by his toes from an orange tree. They let their victim hang in this position for 
several hours. In the moment when the old man was near death, the Jews cut him 

through the neck with a ritual slaughter knife and left the body hanging until all the 
blood was collected in a basin. Ben-Noud learned later than the murderers had 
packed the body into a crate and had cast it into the sea. She confessed to the 
Orientalist Count Durfort-Civrac this fact besides, that the Jews mix the blood 
into the unleavened Easter bread (mossa = matzos) and this they call mossa 
guesira(25} — blood-matzos (Desportes, p. 42). 

Some years later ritual-crimes took place which aroused enormous attention and, 
like a flash of lightning, threw illumination upon the internationalism of these 
Jewish crimes, as upon those responsible for them, only then to allow blindness to 
follow all the longer, because the non- Jewish world, which had taken the most 
active interest during the course of a trial, was permitted to see nothing for the 
future. All of Judah understood again, at any rate, how to stage-manage masterfully 
~ and it should be discovered to their disgrace later, with the most 
accommodating support of the most important European cabinets. 

Go to Chapter 2: Damascus 1840 
Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser, Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Damascus 1840 

Page 1 

(p. 65) 

It is a historical service of our Reichsleiter Alfred Rosenberg ~ and in the year 
1920, when Germany found itself on the road to Soviet dictatorship, it took an 
unheard of courage ~ to have snatched this crime of Judah from the realm of the 
forgotten into the framework of translation and publication of a French work from 
the year 1869. 

The circumstances of the times in Germany then were unfavorable as imaginable, 
and only a small circle gathered around these publications, which nevertheless had 
to effect all the more enduringly those who regarded the struggle against Jewry as a 
matter of conscience, even when this undertaking must have seemed hopeless. 

The author of the work translated by our Reichsleiter was a Chevalier Gougenot 
des Mousseaux, of the old French nobility. The title read: Le Juif, lejudaisme et la 
judaXsation des peuples Chretiens, which translated is: The Jew, Jewry, and the 
Judafication of the Christian People', it was first published in 1869 and it appeared 
in the German language in 1920/21. The fate intended for him by the Jew ~ a fate 
to which more than one courageous man before then fell victim ~ overtook the 
author of the book, des Mousseaux: he was poisoned. "On one day he received his 
death sentence sent to him, on the next day he died" (A. Rosenberg, foreword). 

His work , bought up by Jews, disappeared from the book market, just as happened 
to all remaining works of other authors who had thoroughly engaged themselves 
with the trial in the form of published documents or accounts. 

Father Thomas -- Ibrahim Amara 

- Damascus 
■ 1840 




[4 "^il^ 

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|^^^^^^H^4^1-. , ""^^B^^^B^ 


Father Thomas 

This ritual murder happened at 
Damascus in February of the year 1840, 
this time not to children, but to the 
elderly Capuchin Father Thomas, who 
had come to Damascus (66) in 1807 and 
had worked there for 33 years as 
benefactor of the people (1), and 
likewise to his servant Ibrahim Amara. 
The authentic material of the trial was 
deposited in the Foreign Ministry at 
Paris. But these original documents 
disappeared without trace in 1870, when 
the Jew and high degree Freemason 
Cremieux ~ with whom we shall have 
to concern ourselves more closely ~ 
was Justice Minister. The works of the 
member of the Orient Society, Achille 
Laurent, which appeared a few years 
after the trial and dealt with the entire 
process against the Jews in Damascus 
by means of the court documents, likewise vanished down to one copy, which was 
still located in the National Library at Paris. It dealt with the two volumes of 
Achille Laurent: Relation historique des affaires de Syrie depuis 1840 jusqu'en 
1842. The second volume contained the authentic court documents! However, the 
magazine L'Univers et Vunion catholique had in 1843 published an excerpt of the 
Arabic document materials, which was able to be preserved in a German 
translation in the same year, which however then itself also became very rare. (2} 

As centuries earlier on the occasion of the great Tridentine trial, an exact picture of 
the murderous act could be drawn up by means of the authentic materials. In 
addition, the accused gave corresponding explanations concerning the use of the 
blood of their sacrificial victims. (3) 

In brief, to begin with the events which led to the investigation of the perpetrators: 
On the 15th of February 1840 in the afternoon, on the day of the Jewish Purim 
festival. Father Thomas made his way to the Jewish Quarter of Damascus, in order 
to attach a notice regarding an auction in the house of a deceased resident, also on 
the door of the synagogue. Since the elderly Father, contrary to his usual custom, 
remained away for several hours, toward sunset his servant Ibrahim Amara 
proceeded to search (67) for his master out of concern that an accident might have 
befallen him. Both were seen for the last time by numerous witnesses in the Jewish 
Quarter and since then had vanished from the face of the earth. This was all the 
more striking because the Father had been resident in Damascus for a generation 
and also must have been known to everyone as the vaccination doctor. [Father 
Thomas, as part of his service to the people of Damascus, had instituted a program 
of immunizations against smallpox, etc., which he administered himself.] The 
police commissioner thereupon undertook various house searches, which ran their 
course without any success. 

Two days later a paper notice was displayed on the shop of the Jewish barber 

Soliman, like the one the Father had also last attached to the synagogue door. This 
excited suspicion. The barber was questioned about how he came into possession 
of this official form. His performance seemed so unbelievable and contrived, that 
the interrogating personnel got the impression that he must have known something 
about the matter. Since the missing Father was a European, the Sherif-Pasha, 
residing in Damascus and by no means hostile-minded toward the Jews, let the 
Jewish barber be held in confinement and granted full authority to the French 
Consul for Damascus, Count de Ratti-Menton, to conduct the preliminary 

The barber made denials for several days; when finally full immunity from 
punishment and protection from prosecution were assured for him, he proposed 
that the following Jews be brought from the Jewish Quarter, in whose presence he 
would then lay out his confession: the Rabbis Moses Saloniki and Moses Abu-el- 
Afieh, the three brothers David, Isaak and Aaron Harari, their uncle Joseph 
Harari and a Joseph Laniado. 

The Jews who were brought forward at first claimed not to have seen Father 
Thomas for many months; Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh did not want anything to do 
with the Jews who had been summoned along with him: "That group is not mine; 
for six months we haven't gone around together; and also, we weren't together this 
time. Father Thomas I haven't seen for a month-and-a-half. . ." At the reproaches 
of the barber he took recourse in the proverbial poor memory: "It's human to be 
forgetful; it might be possible, that we were indeed together, since the barber 
claims to have seen us; but afterwards each will have gone to his own house. " 
Aaron Harari: "I seldom go to my brothers' [homes] (68). ..we are peaceful 
people and of a settled way of life, we leave the bazaar right at sunset; how would 
all seven of us been able to find ourselves together in such a group!" 

Since these interrogations did not advance the matter, the interrogated Jews were 
held in solitary confinement in the hope of thereby getting at the crime and its 
motive. The barber was again taken into interrogation and most emphatically 
warned to finally confess the truth. According to the court protocols his partial 
confession reads literally as follows: 

"The designated seven persons brought the Father into the house of David Harari 
and had me fetched from my shop a half hour after sunset. They said to me: 
'Slaughter this priest.' The Father was in the room, with both his arms tied; but 
since I refused, they promised me money. I answered: 'I cannot do that.' Now they 
gave to me the little paper notice and said I was supposed to stick it on my shop. It 
was Aaron Harari who delivered it to me, and when I was arrested and brought to 
the Serail, David Harari said to me: 'Be very careful not to confess anything; we'll 
give you money.' The man who fetched me from my shop is called Murad-el- 
Fattal and is David Harari's servant." The protocol further notes the words of the 
Consul Ratti-Menton: "Yesterday you gave important statements and repeated them 
today. If it has been out of fear of a beating that you have so spoken, then tell this 
openly. Don't worry; it is not our intention that you should compromise 
anyone through lies." 

Soliman answers: "What I have said is the truth; I've said it in their presence." It is 
important for what follows to keep this point in mind, since it's precisely the 

Consul in his capacity as judge of the investigation who has been exposed to the 
most incredible suspicions from the Jewish parties! 

The servant Murad-el-Fattal, brought before the investigation, was able to give 
extraordinarily important statements; but when he was confronted with the head of 
the Jewish community in Damascus, Raphael Farahi, he suddenly recanted all his 
observations. (69) Taken to task over this by the Pasha himself and questioned 
about the reasons for his recantation, he gave the following meaningful explanation 
to the protocol: "You have questioned me in the presence of Raphael Farahi; I was 
afraid and therefore recanted, and for all the more reason that he threw me a look." 

The Pasha: "What! You fear Raphael more than you do me?" The servant: " That's 
right. I*m afraid that he*ll kill me. I have more fear of Raphael than of your 
Excellency, because your Excellency will have me whipped and then sent off, 
while that one will kill me in our Quarter if I speak the truth." 

Since it became ever more probable that the Jewish barber must have been present 
at the slaughter, he was again taken into custody and subjected to a sharp 
interrogation. After desperate evasions he finally made a comprehensive confession 
in the presence of some high officers and Consulate officials and of a staff 
physician, who all confirmed the protocol by signing it. Soliman reported the 
bestial crime in all particulars: 

"A half hour after sunset David Harari had me fetched from my shop by his 
servant. I went to him and found there Aaron Harari, Isaak Harari, Joseph 
Harari, Joseph Laniado, the landlord David Harari, the Rabbis Moses Abu-el- 
Afieh and Moses Saloniki and Father Thomas, who was tied up. David Harari 

and his brother Aaron said to me: 'Slaughter this priest!' I answered: 'I cannot do 
it." Then they said: 'Wait. . .' They brought up a knife, I threw the Father to the 
floor, held him fast over a large basin with the help of the others, and David 
Harari took the knife and made a cut at his throat; but his brother Aaron gave him 
the finishing stroke and the blood was caught in the basin without even one drop 
being lost. Hereupon the body was dragged out of the room in which the murder 
had been committed, into the wood room. There they undressed him and burned his 
clothes. Now the servant Murad-el-Fattal came, who found the corpse in the 
aforesaid room; the seven named persons said to him and to me: 'Dismember him 
quickly!' We dismembered him, pushed the remains (70) into a coffee sack and 
threw them one by one into the drainage canal; this is found at the entrance of the 
Jewish Quarter, next to the house of Rabbi Abu-el- Afieh. Then we went back to 
David Harari and how the operation was completed, was, they said they would get 
the servant married at their own expense and would give me money. In case I 
should talk, they would then say that I had killed him. . ." 

Soliman then went on to describe how the bones and the skull of the victim were 
crushed on the floor with a pestle. The Jews who stood around gave instructions at 
the dismemberment of the body. "We had only one knife; first I'd cut, then the 
servant. When the one became tired, the other one relieved him. The knife was like 
those of the Jewish schdchter — it was the same, which had served for the murder." 
[As many readers will know, reference is being made here to shochets — the 
Hebrew term for the ritual slaughterers who butcher animals according to kashrut, 

the elaborate Jewish dietary laws which are also related to the rituals for sacrificing 
a victim in religious rites. The German term for ritual-slaughterer is: der Schdchter, 
while the term for a regular Gentile butcher is: der Schldchter.] 

After this interrogation the Jewish servant was brought forward. His statements 
conformed in all details to those of the barber. "After the departure of the barber I 
remained for perhaps one and a half hours yet; I had to fill the water pipes of those 
present." A Gentile had been lured into the trap and slaughtered ~ now they could 
smoke their pipe in peace. 

In consideration of the conformity of both witness statements, Colonel Hasez Beik 
proposed a site inspection in the house of David Harari immediately be carried 
out in the presence of the French Consul, of a high officer of the Consulate, and of 
the physician Dr. Massar. 

In the unfinished room in which the body was dismembered, blood spatters were 
discovered on the wall; in the places where the bones had been crushed, the floor 
was severely gouged. In addition, the pestle-mallet was already found, the 
slaughter-knife, however, remained missing. . . 

After this the canal was searched more closely. Workers were summoned who had 
to climb down below, and they brought up: broken pieces from bones, remains of 
flesh, a section of the heart, debris from the skull and pieces from the the Father's 
cowl. All of this was carefully assembled and sent over for inspection by the Pasha 
and physicians. An application of the French Consul was furnished with the 
following document files: 1. Declaration of the Austrian Consul, Merlato, that he 
(71) immediately recognized the black cloth cowl of the Father, because he had 
been the only one who wore such a thing. 2. Declaration of the four European 
physicians Massari, Delgrasso, Raynaldi and Salina, that they had recognized the 
remains as those of a human body. 3. The same declaration by seven native 
(Syrian) physicians. 4. Statement of the barber who used to serve Father Thomas. 

Since the fact that that the mutilated remains of the Father had been found could no 
longer be subject to any doubt, the seven accused were brought forward and were 
again questioned about the occurrence of the horrible crime, without there having 
been any kind of threats whatsoever. After they had been made aware of the 
grave circumstances which had to put the facts of the crime and its authorship 
beyond doubt, and the accused made no attempt to deny these things, the arrested 
Jews gave their statements to the protocol, after having been separately 

We learn informative details in more than one respect. Isaak Harari says: "We 
had the Father come into the house of David Harari, my brother; it was a matter 
arranged among us. We slaughtered him, in order to obtain his blood, which 
was poured into a bottle and given over to the Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh, and 
specifically for a religious reason, since we were in need of the blood for the 
fulfillment of a religious duty." 

The Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh, when questioned about this, replied: "The chief 
Rabbi of Damascus, Jakob Antabli, had a discussion with the Harari brothers and 
the rest of the accused, in order to get a bottle of human blood, and let me in on 

this. The Hararis promised to supply such an item and it was supposed to cost 
100 purses (12,500 French Francs)! When I went to David Harari, it was reported 
to me that a man had been procured for slaughtering and to take his blood. I 
stepped in, the murder was completed; the blood was taken and they said to me: ' 
you are a sensible man, take this blood and hand it over to the Rabbi Jakob 
Antabli.' I answered: 'Let Moses Saloniki take it.' They replied: 'It's better that you 
yourself take it, you are a (72) sensible man.' The murder was committed at David 

Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh gave in conclusion to this the important statement to 
the protocol, that a portion of the blood, mixed into meal, was sent to Baghdad. (4) 

David Harari now describes the Head Rabbi Antabli as the spiritual author of the 
crime: In the synagogue of Damascus he communicated to all seven accused the 
exact plan for the murder of the Father shortly beforehand. The blood was 
handed over through Rabbi Saloniki to the Rabbi Moses in a large white bottle, a 
so-called alepin, and by the latter handed on to the Head Rabbi Jakob Antabli. 

Isaak Harari developed the story of the infamous attack upon the Father as 
follows: "In order to get the Father, Moses Abu-el-Afieh and Moses Saloniki 
made use of the pretext of letting him vaccinate a child; the matter had been 
arranged in the house of Moses Abu-el-Afieh. Afterwards, we invited him together 
into the house of my brother David and slaughtered him there." 

The Father accepted the invitation all the more unsuspiciously, for he had had a 
close social relationship with the Harari brothers for many years. At the disrobing 
of the corpse, Moses Saloniki helped himself to the gold timepiece of the Father; 
during the interrogation in front of the Pasha regarding this, the following scene 
played itself out: the Harari brothers, when asked what had become of the 
valuable timepiece, replied: "It has remained in the possession of Moses Saloniki 
." Question: "How did it come into his possession?" Answer: "He stretched out his 
hand for it and took it." Question: "When did he do that?" Answer: "After the 
Father was undressed, he extended his hand and took it from out of the clothes." 
The Rabbi was brought before the interrogator: "Where is the watch?" ~ "I have 
not seen it!" The Pasha interposed: "Here are the Hararis, who testify that you 
have taken the watch!" The Rabbi: "They are lying!" The Pasha: "They swear 
against you by their religion." The Rabbi answers: (73) *'They stand outside the 
religion!*' (5) The Pasha, for confirmation, lets the Hararis swear upon the Bible 
and upon Moses, and both take an oath that the watch has remained in the 
possession of the Rabbi. The latter shouts: "Witnesses, do not bully me!" 

Moses Saloniki was the single one who, of all the rest, confessed nothing. His 
constantly repeated answers were: "I have seen nothing, nothing whatsoever, I was 
at home, I know nothing." 

His colleague Abu-el-Afieh basically behaved more shrewdly; he knew that, 
however the trial might turn out for him, his life would be forfeit in one way or 
another, because, were he not beheaded by the sentence of the court, then his co- 
religionists would hunt him to death. On the other hand, he had by no means been 
badly treated by the Islamic authorities, as his European colleagues, on the basis of 

"eye-witness reports" of certain "Christian" missionaries, later would have it; 
indeed, he even got kosher meals set before him in his cell and was able to 
undertake a walk for his digestion in the gardens and ~ what's more to the point, to 
exchange the synagogue for the mosque and ~ become a Mohammedan. That way, 
he at least enjoyed the protection of the Pasha. The Rabbi knew that he still had 
much to say and suddenly made haste: still in the period of detention during 
investigation, during the interrogation, he converted to Islam, adopted the same 
name as the Prophet for his own and henceforth called himself Mohammed 
Effendi, and it was done. But we will let the newly-baked Mohammedan speak for 
himself, in his letter to the Sherif-Pasha, the Governor General of Syria. Abu-el- 
Afieh, Mohammed Effendi, writes (6): To obey Your Excellency's commands, I 
have the honor to report to you the further circumstances of the murder of Father 
Thomas. Because I now have nothing further to fear for my life, by virtue of 
my faith in Almighty God and in Mohammed, his Prophet, whom I hereby 
most urgently call upon and hail: (74) thus I witness the truth, as follows: ten or 
fourteen days before that event (blood-murder) the Rabbi Jakob Antabli revealed 
to me that, for the fulfillment of the command of our religion he was in need of 
human blood, that he had spoken about this to the Hararis and they would be 
going ahead with the matter, that the latter already had given their word on it and 
that I was supposed to be there. . . On Wednesday, for the Jews the first of March, I 
went out in the afternoon to proceed to go into the synagogue. I met David Harari 
who said to me: 'Come, we have need of you.' He reported to me that Father 
Thomas was in his house and that he would be murdered at night. As ordered, I 
went to Harari and found him sitting in the furnished room; Father Thomas I also 
saw there, and how he was lying tied up. After sunset he was slaughtered and 
brought into the unfinished room. The blood was caught in a thin basin and filled 
up a white bottle. This they gave to me and said: 'Bring it right away to the Rabbi 
Jakob Antabli.' I found the latter already waiting in the forecourt; as he saw me, 
he stepped into the library room. 'It is too late" I said to him, 'here, take what you 
want'; He took the bottle and placed it behind the books. I left him and proceeded 

When I later saw David and his brothers again, I said to them that this business 
would incur unpleasantness for us, since investigations would be started, and that 
we had done wrong to take such a well-known man. They calmed me down and 
said: nothing could be discovered, the clothes were burned, that no traces 
remained, and that the flesh would be thrown bit by bit into the canal by the 
servant, until there was nothing left. 

Now, concerning the servant of the Father, I know nothing about that, aside from 
this, that on the following forenoon, Thursday, I met the three Harari brothers 
together and I heard as Isaak said to David: 'How are things going with this 
business?', and David answered: 'Think no further about it, he has also gotten his 
portion'; at that they began to whisper among one another. 

(75) As far as the blood is concerned, what other purpose could it serve, other than 
as for the consecration of the Fatir (Festival of the unleavened bread = Jewish 

How often before have the Jews done this already, and how often have the 

authorities caught them at it? This can be learned from one of their books, named 
Sader Adurut, in which several instances of this sort are found. 

That is everything, according to my knowledge, regarding the affair of Father 


Mohammed Effendi." 

We emphasize this one sentence from this document: "How often before have the 
Jews done this" ~ and we can assume that the writer of the letter knows 
considerably more than he it finds strictly sufficient to admit for securing the 
salvation of his soul. 

Ten days after this letter, in the session of the 13th Moharram, the Ex-Rabbi 
Mohammed was confronted with the Head Rabbi Antabli. From the reports it does 
not emerge whether they were at loggerheads or met with the smile of initiates. In 
any case, this pair of cunning rogues, meeting, after all, in far from ordinary 
circumstances, held it advisable to indulge themselves in the mirror-smooth plain 
of scientific interpretation of the Talmud, This is not the place to get into the 
interpretations of both of the "Scriptural scholars"; these should be illuminated in 
their particular relationship in their own chapter after the conclusion of the 
historical factual materials. 

At the conclusion of the discussion, the Pasha could not suppress a question as a 
sideswipe at Mohammed the Turncoat: "If a Jew makes a statement which is 
disadvantageous against another Jew or against the Jewish people, what does he 
deserve?" Mohammed Effendi parried coldly with the following typical answer: "If 
a Jew says anything, which can harm the Jewish people, so should he be killed 
without mercy; for such an individual redounds to their disgrace; the Talmud does 
not let him live. This religion is constructed upon this principle; that is why I 
converted to Islam, in order to be able to speak. . ." 

The Head Rabbi Jakob Antabli was at this point invited to give his comments to 
this answer. He confirmed it, and added these words: one would set about having 
such an individual (76) killed on the part of the government, or we would kill him 
ourselves when we had the opportunity." The Pasha responded to this: Mohammed 
Effendi has spoken correctly then. If now, however, it were a matter in which the 
government, acting from its own opposing interests, would not consent to the 
death of this man, what would you [Jews] do?" Jakob Antabli: "We would do our 
utmost according to the circumstances, to take his life; any means would be 
proper for us. Thus does our faith teach." 

After this concluding play of question-and-answer, Mohammed Effendi was able to 
regard the matter philosophically. The fact is, to anticipate a bit, he no longer had 
much time to deal with his new faith or, to be on the safe side, to take refuge in yet 
another one: shortly after the end of the hearings, he was gathered to his fathers [= 
he died] ~ as the European Jewish newspapers would have it, allegedly as result of 
the "pains of torture suffered" ~ instead of which the Head Rabbi of Damascus 
probably only did "his utmost" [See above, where Jacob Antabli answers the 
Pasha's question about what should be done to turncoats.] . . . 

Shortly before his death, however, the Ex-Rabbi translated, among other things, a 

section from the "book of religion" Kethim, whose correctness has been confirmed 
by Antabli. It reads: Whoever places at a disadvantage a religious comrade 
through declarations which he makes in favor of a stranger [clearly meant by 
"stranger" is "non-Jew"], and makes some statement against him to the government 
of the land, which can incur a fine or physical punishment or death, is himself 
deserving of death. Such a traitor has no hope of another world. . .and if he has 
made known only the intention of making such a statement, with respect to the 
location or to the least detail, he is thus from that moment guilty of the death, 
and those present are held responsible to strike him dead or to do everything in 
their power, so that he might die, before he carries out his intention. All who were 
fortunate enough to participate in his death, obtain eternal indulgence. If he states 
something for the third time, without it having been possible up till then to kill him, 
then they should assemble together and communally confer how he might be gotten 
out of the way and likewise in what manner. All necessary expenditures of this 
should be borne by the Jews of (11) the place concerned. . ."(7) ~ If we're not 
mistaken, Mohammed Effendi had spoken extensively from the school of the 

The inquiries of the servant of the Father, Ibrahim Amara, which the latter had 
initiated because he was disturbed over the extraordinarily long absence of his 
master, alarmed the residents of the Jewish Quarter. The servant was also observed 
for the last time at the entrance of the Jewish Quarter, then remained missing as if 
he had vanished from the face of the Earth. 

In the writing of Mohammed Effendi to Sherif-Pasha is contained one single, 
indeed very clear hint. David Harari said to Mohammed Effendi in regard to the 
servant: ". . .he, too, has received his portion!" 

In a letter of the Austrian Consul to Damascus, Merlato, to his colleague Laurin 
in Alexandria, dated 28 February 1840, it says: "There is still no trace of the 
murder of the servant, but one assumes that he has met the same end in another 
house of these rogues. Meanwhile, Murad Farahi, Aaron StambuU, and several 
others have hidden themselves and have fled, which lets us assume that they 
approved this assassination. To Sherif-Pasha, who on this occasion has proven his 
astuteness and perseverance, is due the chief merit of these inquiries. . ." ~ Merlato 
soon changed his views, however, as a result of definite and unambiguous 

The protocols of the interrogation, which are added to the preceding statements, 
yield the first fully clear picture of this murder case. 

After initial denials, the servant Murad-el-Fattal finally declared that on the day 
of the murder he was given the task by his master, David Harari, to go 
immediately to Meir Farahi, Murad Farahi, and Aaron Stumbuli, and to instruct 
them (78) "to pay close attention as to whether the servant of the Father Thomas 
was coming into the Quarter to search for his master, so that they might cook his 
goose before he could sound the alarm." The servant now describes in detail how 
he imparted his mission to the individual Jews, who, having gotten excited by this, 
came to an agreement among one another. David Harari, who was personally on 
friendly terms with the Father, was also aware of his habit of leaving behind exact 

information about where he was going for his servant Ibrahim, because he felt 
somewhat insecure because of his advanced years, and was glad of it when the 
servant went to meet him. The servant [of Father Thomas] now turned into the 
Jewish street and asked the Jews Aaron Stambuli, Meir Farahi, Asian Farahi 
and Isaak Piccioto, who were coming out of their houses, about the failure of his 
master to return. Meir Farahi pointed to his house and answered: "Your master 
stayed with us late; he is inoculating a child in there, if you want to wait, go inside 
and look for him." Murad-el-Fattal went back to David Harari after finishing his 
mission. When the latter now learned that the servant of the Father was already 
located in the house of Meir Farahi, Murad-el-Fattal had to immediately turn 
around again and check to see "what was happening with Ibrahim." Murad-el- 
Fattal testified before the Court about this: "I again went to Meir Farahi and 
found the door bolted, and I knocked: Meir Farahi opened it and I asked him in the 
name of my master, whether they had seized the servant. He replied: 'We have him; 
do you want to come in, or do you want to leave again?' I stepped inside and found 
there Isaak Piccioto and Aaron Stambuli. They were just getting busy binding his 
hands behind his back with his own handkerchief; they'd stuffed his mouth with a 
white cloth. This occurred on the small couch which was located in the exterior 
little courtyard, where the lavatories are, into which afterwards were thrown the 
flesh and the bones; the doors they had blocked with a beam, which was lying in 
the courtyard. After Isaak Piccioto and Aaron Stambuli had bound his hands 
behind his back, he was thrown to the floor by Meir Farahi, Murad Farahi, 
Aaron Stambuli, Isaak Piccioto, Asian Farahi, Abu-el- Afieh (8) and Joseph 
(79) Farahi, the seven Jews who were present at the slaughter. But there were also 
those among them who only watched. A basin of tin-plated copper was brought up, 
placed against his neck and Murad Farahi stabbed him with his own hands. Meir 
Farahi and I held his head, Asian Farahi and Isaak Piccioto held the legs and sat 
on them, Aaron Stambuli and the rest held his body fast, so that he couldn't move, 
until the blood had stopped flowing. I remained for a quarter-hour yet in order to 
wait until he was entirely dead. 

Aaron Stambuli poured the blood into a large white bottle through a new funnel of 
tin-plate, like the oil dealers use; when the bottle was filled, it was handed over to 
Moses Abu-el- Afieh. Then I went to my master, in order to provide a report of all 
that I had seen." 

The young Asian Farahi confirmed this report in full extent. The Pasha was able 
to determine later that the confessions fully agreed in their main points. 

After the slaughter of both victims, a cheerful drinking bout was held that lasted till 
morning. Afterwards, the murderous company gathered in the house of David 
Harari and, according to the statements of the same servant who had to fill the 
pipes of the "distinguished and wealthy Jews," discussed once again in detail both 
butcherings and exchanged the stories of their experiences, in particular how much 
time had been necessary for it. It could be of value, if, for future cases, one knew 
all about it! 

After the interrogation, Sherif-Pasha, accompanied by high officers and the French 
Consul, went into the Jewish Quarter in accordance with the summons of the court. 
All statements were tested on the spot, a water drain pipe situated in the vicinity 

was opened and bones were discovered there, and an amorphous mass of flesh that 
was recognized as a Uver, and a belt. The personal physician of the Pasha, 
Dr.Mussari, and the physician Dr. Rinaldo declared the discovered bone and flesh 
parts to be human remains. The single individual who was still making denials was 
Meir Farahi. As his house was also being subjected to a thorough inspection, he 
was confronted by the servant Murad-el-Fattal and the young Farah, who now 
repeated the story of the fearful crime in all its details. Meir Farahi screeched: 
"You are crazy, (80) you are out of your minds" and attempted to attack them ~ in 
his impotent rage, however, a fatal confession slipped out of him, as he raged: 
"How? Do these men belong to the initiated, then, who know the secrets, that they 
should have been allowed to partake in all [that was done]?" He did not succeed in 
procuring an alibi and was placed in custody. 

At the end of April 1840 ~ two-and-a-half months, therefore, after the bestial 
crime ~ the trial could be considered concluded. This date is to be kept in mind, as 
it is important for the events to follow. Sixteen Jews had taken part in the double- 
murder, four were pardoned, ten were condemned to death. In Damascus the 
population awaited the execution of the blood-murderers. 

The Battue 

[The title of this section, in German das Kesseltreiben, has the connotation of 
hounds putting a stag or fox at bay ~ and of beaters driving prey into a comer. It is 
ironic that the role of stag-at-bay is played not by the killers, but by those who 
attempted to bring them to justice!] 

While the Court proceedings were still underway, Ratti-Menton had seen himself 
induced to send the Pasha a message about unusual events. He wrote that the Jews, 
with the intervention of the Austrian Consul Merlato, had sent an application to 
him, in which they petitioned for omission of the intended translation of the 
Talmud and of their special books, since this intention would be tantamount to a 
"degradation and shaming" of the Jewish religion. At the same time, the Count 
reported that the Jews had offered an official of his consulate, Herr v. Beaudin, 
150,000 Piasters and also had placed in prospect the increasing of the sum, if he 
should succeed in acquitting the Jews of the suspicion of ritual-murder. (9) 

After this attempt at corruption had failed, the Jewish negotiators attempted to 
attack Count Ratti Menton by means of another consulate: this time 500,000 
Piasters were "bid." At the question from where these sums were flowing, the 
answer was that no one was bearing these as a personal burden, the selfsame sums 
were already to be found in the synagogue strong-box, under the designation "poor 
box." When further investigations yielded the fact that this supposed "poor box" 
(81) was a national. Gentile collection delivered to the synagogue for safe-keeping, 
which was now supposed to be employed for the cover-up of ritual crimes 
perpetrated upon Gentiles, it had to be said that cynicism had attained its absolute 

The Allgemeine Zeitung wrote in its Number 152 of the year 1840 in respect to 
these machinations, the following: "The trial against the Jews is still not ended and 
the criminals still not punished; but that Father Thomas was murdered by the Jews 

for a religious purpose has been completely clearly proven. The inspection of 
several document files, which was permitted to us on this point, leaves no doubt 
whatsoever. The French Consul for Damascus, Count Ratti-Menton, has 
demonstrated the greatest possible activity for the exploration of the truth in this 
matter. . .The Jews there are supposed to far exceed all others in fanaticism, and 
since they previously were steadily used as businessmen (10) by the Pashas in 
command in that very place because of their wealth, they thus possessed significant 
influence, which made them frightening to the Christians there. Although every 
year in Damascus Christian children disappeared suddenly without a trace, 
although the Jews were always under suspicion for it, no one dared accuse 
them, indeed, no one dared to pursue the trail of a well-founded suspicion, so great 
was the influence which their money procured for them with the corruptible 
Turkish authorities. Now, as well, there has been no lack of offers of money; to the 
Secretary of the French Consul a very high sum was proposed, would he but exert 
himself to instill into the Consul another opinion of this matter. . ." 

The French Consul and his officials had remained incorruptible ~ the recognition 
of their correct behavior was bestowed on them by the Jewish International itself, 
in that now a genuine crusade against these men, in particular the Count Ratti- 
Menton, was instituted. After the results of the first investigations were made 
known in Europe, these Jewish machinations and malicious remarks increased to a 
hurricane. What lies (82) didn't the Press-Jews in every nation come up with in the 
so-called "world newspapers," in order to defame the Consulate and its energetic 

Go to Damascus/Page 2 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Damascus 1840 

Page 2 

(p. 82) 

To begin with, the most terrible tales of torture were put into circulation, similar to 
those centuries before after the Tridentine trial; sadistic licentious acts, of a kind 
which can originate only in Jewish brains, were attributed to the investigative 
authorities: according to which ~ to give just a small selection from the "official 
report" of the Jew Pieritz from Damascus from 13 May 1840 (11) ~ the 
"unfortunate prisoners" together with their children were placed in ice-cold water 
(which indeed in and of itself would already be a "torture" for the Jews [Jews 
living in Orthodox communities throughout Europe and Asia Minor had the 
reputation of being less than scrupulous about matters of personal hygiene]) and 
then left to roast slowly; "by means of a machine" their eyes were squeezed from 
their sockets and glowing irons pushed into their bodies. The "victims," pinched 
day and night, had had to stand erect for three full days, and with burning candles 
even their bent noses were delicately tickled. Hundreds of Jewish children were 
thrown into confinement and they were dropping like flies there. When one reads 
this nonsense, one has to ask oneself, who would actually have reacted to this. The 
sense of these atrocity reports was clear: the statements of the arrested Jews were 
supposed to lose their value through these maneuvers, as "having been wrung from 
tortured men"; but the embarrassing fact was that the criminals presently in solitary 
confinement made, in separately held interrogations, statements which agreed, not 
to mention the results of the investigations conducted on the site. [These atrocity 
stories may strike the reader as "warm-up" exercises for those contrived or 
confabulated for propaganda about "the" Holocaust, ninety-five years after these 
events took place.] 

Nevertheless, the French government commissioned its Consul from Beirut, 
Desmeloizes, to go to Damascus, in order to begin the trial anew. His protocols 
concerning this second trial could not but confirm the facts of the case recorded by 
Ratti-Menton, in full compass. (12) 

From this point on the victims themselves were held responsible for their own 
awful fate and not the murderers: Father Thomas, whom no less a person than the 
French Minister-President Thiers had described as "a model of piety and 
benevolence," as "popular with all denominations and highly respected," as 

"benefactor and (83) friend of humanity (13) ," became in the Jewish press a by no 
means impoverished old grey-head, who "had collected a far more considerable 
wealth than the rules of his order allowed him; he did not like to give, talked a lot 
and with anybody, was sometimes intemperate, of easy character and slight 
knowledge." (14) Later, at the end of this glorious century, a fourteen-year-old 
peasant girl, who bled to death in the synagogue of Tisza-Eszlar under the butcher- 
knife of an international band of Jews, was described as "whore and good-time 
girl," and the upper-fourth-former Ernst Winter, similarly slaughtered in a Konitz 
butcher's cellar by a murderous Galician mob, was described as a homosexual 
letch, by the same the same press which had meanwhile worked itself up to the 
position of the "mediator of culture and civilization" among an "enlightened 
humanity." But all of this was called "liberation of the Jewish spirit from the 
unworthy chains of the dark Middle Ages" or, in brief: Emancipation. 

On 23 May 1840, therefore after the trial in Damascus would have been 
definitively concluded and the sentence of judgment of the authorities would have 
become legally valid, a Jewish weekly, the Orien t(l5) , called to life in the same 
year by the "Instructor at the University at Leipzig," Julius Fiirst, wrote under the 
entry "Damascus" the following introductory sentences: "A blood-red star has risen 
in the East, which seems to conjure up the superstition of the Middle Ages and its 
horrifying consequences; a dreadful fairy tale, which in earlier centuries Europe 
told itself from dreams, and which the Orient may now have in mind at its 
awakening. This fairy tale may get a grip raptor-quick upon the emotions of the 
people, and like the terrors of hell, malice and religious fanaticism may keep alive 
the now awakened memory of it, and the silence of Jewish voices would not be 
timely, as influential men, who have exerted themselves with the governments 
in this matter, have also realized." (84) Whoever has gotten used to reading the 
most important things between the lines when studying Jewish sources, will now 
know, especially from an analysis of the last part of the sentence, where the 
Damascus "case" was supposed to be steered: "to the horrifying tales out of earlier 

The storm signals were up. In all nations, almost simultaneously, "the speakers 
stepped forward as if one man. . ." (16) . World Jewry was mobilized! In the 
synagogues the Rabbis howl or threaten as the case calls for. "The Head Rabbi of 
Marseilles came forward with a fierce counter-statement; in Smyrna defending 
voices were raised (Head Rabbi Pincas), UUmann, the Rabbi in Krefeld, appeared; 
Aub in Munich bestirred himself and fought with the Bavarian papers. Philippson 
in Magdeburg pointed out in the paper widely circulated there, not only the 
absurdity of such an accusation, but made an effort at the same time to keep level- 
headed and enlightened Germany in its passionless state by means of clear and 
calm words." (17) 

Some of these effusions exist for us today as bibliophilic oddities; they are all 
substantially reduced to one common denominator, which a Jewish "trade paper" 
itself indicates to us: "To show the baselessness of the charges in advance, even 
before the facts of the murder case were available." Only some of these 
curiosities do we wish to get into excerpting as especially eloquent children of their 

The Rabbi Isaac Levin Auerbach held the days of the Leipzig fair as especially 
suitable, in order "on Sunday evening, the 19th of May 1840 at the German- 
Israelite worship service taking place during the fair in Leipzig," to give a so-called 
sermon at the synagogue in Leipzig in front of the Jews of the fair coming from all 
nations, about "Israel's most recent disaster in the East (18) ," which went off so well 
that it was "distributed in print by demand." The title actually already says it all. 
The Rabbi asserted to start with, that he: a) for Zion's sake can not be silent, b) for 
the sake of Jerusalem cannot be at peace and c) will speak for the sake of the honor 
(85) of his religion. After numerous citations from the Old Testament he comes, 
with tearful eyes, to the most noteworthy determination possible, that "the morality 
of our age for quite some time has not kept pace with the spiritual education of it." 
For the time being let us content ourselves with the Levin Auerbachian discovery 
that "the nations for some time have not stood at the stage of perfection to which 
the Divinity has summoned them and wishes to educate them by means of the 
revelation of His holy word." In dry words: the Gentile peoples keep being so bold 
as to raise a protest against the slaughter of their members ~ they are therefore "not 
as yet perfect," i.e., ripe! But at the end of his sermon the Rabbi scents the coming 
dawn; he preaches then, to wit: "Indeed, my devout listeners, we are going toward 
a more beautiful time, when injustice , which separates and cuts men off from 
one another in all that their natural equality demands, in all that is essential 
and a condition for a happy life, where the ridiculous mania, to associate men 
with one another in one thing, in the external form in which, according to Nature's 
determination they are supposed to be separated for all eternity, will disappear 
from the earth; we are approaching a time of tolerance, of true brother-love, as 
our sacred religion has promised. That unfortunate event (Damascus), over which 
we weep, will hasten this time. . .and so reads the word of Scripture: just as the 
earth produces her plants, and the garden lets its seeds sprout forth, thus does the 
Eternal One let virtue and grace spring forth as a blessing to all nations. Amen." 
This "Amen" indeed would be in the 20th century nearly spoken over Gentile 
humanity! [And still may be, thanks in large part to the defeat of Germany in 

About the same time, on Ascension Day 1840, the "famous canon and cathedral 
preacher of the Metropolitan church at St. Stephen in Vienna, Dr. Emanuel Veith, 
celebrated pulpit speaker" ~ and baptized Jew ~ "before thousands of devout 
Christians" spoke the following memorable words at the conclusion of his talk: 
"You all know it, my devout listeners, and whoever perhaps still (86) does not 
know, may hear it: that I was born a Jew and. . .became a Christian ~ have given 
comfort and hope to professed Christians in my pastoral calling ". . .And now this 
admirable man administered the pacifier and continued with emotion in his voice: 
"And thus I swear it here, in the name of the Trinity, that the lie, spread through 
evil cunning that the Jews at the celebration of their Easter festival (Pessach)[= 
Passover] use the blood of a Christian, is a malicious, blasphemous slander, and is 
neither contained in the books of the old covenant, nor even in the writings of the 
Talmud, which I know exactly (19) , and have zealously researched. This is true, so 
help me God". ..(20) 

On the 18th of August 1840, in order to anticipate a little in this connection, on the 
occasion of the celebration of the founding of the institution of the Evangelical 

Lutheran Mission Society in the Orphanage Church at Dresden, another "Christian" 
colleague of the Rabbi Auerbach, Franz Delitzsch, gave his "Mission Talk with 
Regard to the Persecution of the Jews at Damascus and Rhodes (21) ." After the 
scholar of Scripture ~ the same individual, by the way, who 40 years later as 
Professor of a theological faculty rendered his "expert opinion" about another ritual- 
murder (22) ~ had had to make the "heartbreaking" discovery, that Israel still 
hadn't the slightest desire to be "converted," although the high amounts of the 
Jewish-collection (23) , paid by the pennies of the German church-goers, sought to 
make this appealing from a financial perspective as well, Delitzsch finally found 
the three main obstacles to his attempts at conversion in the "changed circumstance 
of the Christians." One of these "main obstacles" is, according to his own words, 
"the general hatred of Jews, which is still not uprooted despite all of the 
humanitarianism and all the cosmopolitan-mindedness of which one can boast 
today. . . This general hatred of Jews has made accepted all sorts of unjust 
accusations against the Jews, which make them more and more alienated from 
Christianity and lead them astray from charity." To these belongs (87) now the 
accusation of ritual blood-murder, an accusation "whose mendacity orthodox 
teachers of our church have maintained and proved, but which, as if transplanted 
from the West into the Levant by a dark power, has brought new, bloody 
persecutions upon the people already oppressed there (the Jews)." The events in 
Damascus must have transformed everyone "to holy rage and pain." It is 
irresponsible, "that such an evil reputation has been made of the Christian name 
among the Jews of the world." This mission speech, which doubtless encouraged 
the devoutly listening congregation to more generous donations (24) for the lost 
lambs, and which concluded with the same Bible passage "which has been chosen 
as the inscription for the newly built Dresden synagogue," gives still further 
explanations, which additionally weaken its effect; (88) it is also discussed in the 
Jewish "culture paper", the Orient. The remarks of the Jewish reviewer, that "this 
speech is composed entirely in the attitude of the Mission Society, one might say 
filled with the longing, to see Israel converted to Christianity, therefore it would 
not belong here. . ." had to have given Delitzsch, the employee of this paper, 
something to think about. 

Now who are the "influential men, who exerted themselves with the governments," 
as the Orient wrote in 1840, who are the "powerful of this world," about whom, in 
the same year , a L. H. Loewenstein in his polemic, Damascia or The Persecution 
of the Jews in Damascus and its effect on public opinion (25) , knew enough to 
report ~ let us note: already in 1840! ~ "that a wink of their eye might plunge 
kings from their thrones down into the loneliness of the night of the dungeons," ~ 
"that a word from their mouth might open iron gates and lead the imprisoned to 
the golden light," ~ who are they, who break "the bonds and chains"? Oh, we're 
getting to know them all, them and their highest and most Christian of protectors 
and accomplices; we only wish to make the effort to arrange as chronologically as 
possible the abundance of the existing letters, reports, appeals, speeches and 

Adolf Cremieux {geh. Smeerkopp) 

There is first of all the Head Jew, Isaac 
Adolphe Cremieux ~ let us not be 

tripped up by the fine-sounding name ~ 
he, too, once had a different name; his 
origin was in an old Amsterdam Jewish 
family of swindlers named 
Smeerkopp (26) , he was by trade an 
"attorney," the "true and correct advocate 
of Israel, the great advocate for justice 
and the honor of Jewry, defender of the 
innocent and advancer of civilization." - 
From his lips speech dripped sweeter 
than honey, "with blazing words, with 
magical eloquence he laid bare the tissue 
of lies, the credulousness (89) of the 
ignorant rabble (the Gentile citizens of 
the state are meant!)." (27) 

In the July Revolution of 1830, as a convinced republican he helped hound away 
the Bourbons; under the "Citizen-King," by the grace of Judah, Louis Philippe, 
this sly Jew then further played his republican role and propagated the full 
emancipation of his racial comrades. At the time of the trial of Damascus, 1840, he 
has already ascended to "Vice-President of the Central Consistory of the French 
Israelites" and played a great role in political life, so that already in 1842 he was 
able to move into the Chamber of Deputies. In the 1848 Paris Revolution he 
became for a short time Justice Minister of the provisional government, but then 
withdrew for some reason or other, in order to spin his threads behind the scenes; 
his great time came once again after the fall of the Empire in September 1870, after 
he had joined the government of the "National Defense" and for the second time 
took over the Ministry of Justice. Jointly with his racial comrade Gambetta, he let 
the French bleed to death through a senseless agitation for war and through the 
Paris Commune uprising. As Grand Master of the "Grand Orient" and of the 
Judaized French lodges, he put a price of the sum of one million on the heads of the 
German lodge brother King Wilhelm I as well as upon Bismarck and Moltke. In 
the "Alliance Israelite Universelle" (AIU) co-founded by him, "this spawn of the 
pit of imperialistic Jewry " (28) delivered to Jewry the most dangerous and most 
unscrupulous weapons. As branches of the AIU there came into existence in 
London the "Anglo- Jewish Association," in Vienna the "Israelitic Alliance," in 
Holland the "Nederlandsche Afdeeling" of the AIU. 

Its motto for all these was: "All of Israel stands surety for one another" ~ Article I 
of the program of the AIU reads however: "The AIU has for its goal: 1. to work 
everywhere for the equal standing and the moral progress of the Jews, 2. to be an 
effective support for those who suffer in their role as Jews. . ." (Judisches Lexikon, 
1927, Sp. 224). 

'Sir* Moses Montefiore 

For the realization of this "program," (90) the 
ItaUan-EngUsh Jew "residing" in London, "Sir" 
Moses Montefiore gave assistance to the best 
of his powers ~ we are not able today to 
determine any longer what he may have been 
called earlier; according to the identification of 
the Jewish Lexicon he was "the most 
representative figure of Jewish politics of the 
19th century," ~ "leading member of the Jewish community in London, son-in-law 
of Nathan Meyer Rothschild" ~ therefore an absolute match as colleague for Mr. 
Smeerkopp-Cremieux in Paris. The latter began the course of his political life as 
"attorney," while Montefiore began his ~ and this is typical ~ as securities-broker 
of the London house of Rothschild; his grandfather, an active Livomian Jew, had 
been enrolled as a straw hat dealer in London, and married the sister of this Nathan 
and is thereby socially competent enough, to be able to stand up for the equal 
rights of the Jews. In 1837 he was chosen "sheriff" of the City of London (chief 
magistrate), later ennobled by Queen Victoria and in 1846 dubbed a Knight 
(Baronet) "for the great merit he earned for the Jewish people." From 1835 
until 1874 he was President of the "Board of Deputies of the British Jews" [This 
remains one of the most powerful and intimidating Jewish organizations today ~ 
just ask historian David Irving, who has been unmercifully hounded by this gang.] 
and as such in a position "to be able to act especially effectively in this official 
capacity at his foreign missions in the service of the Jews." The first 
international "mission" which he carried through was the journey of the year 1840 
undertaken together with Cremieux to Damascus. "In order to help the Jews in 
Russia," he traveled in 1846 and 1872 to Petersburg; in 1859 he made Rome 
insecure, in 1864 Morocco and 1867 Romania. In Palestine he surfaced not less 
than seven times: "His plans for the Jewish colonization of Palestine were not only 
of a philanthropic kind, but on the contrary were related to the political train of 
thought represented later by Theodore Herzl" ~ so writes the Jewish Lexicon 
about the true reason for this "mission" quite openly! "Sir" Moses Montefiore 
"enjoyed the inestimable advantage of possessing the support of the British 
government and of British public opinion for his actions." After his death "Queen 
Victoria, who personally treasured him very much, conveyed the dignity of the 
baronetcy to his great-nephew Francis Abraham Montefiore." 

Obviously the influence of the Rothschilds also upon (91) the further course of 
events in Damascus has been of decisive significance. One glance at the family tree 
of these bank-hyenas sitting in London, Frankfurt-on-Main, Vienna, Naples, Paris, 
and even in Constantinople, added to his masterwork Hofjuden [Court Jews M29) 
by Peter Deeg, is sufficient to recognize the forlorn position of the French Count 
Ratti-Menton from the beginning, in this unequal struggle with the Jewish 

Indeed, as Athanasius Fern (30) , a high Church dignitary in Milan wrote: "Like 
huge garden spiders the money princes of Judah, the kings of the Jews, have 
fastened themselves upon the main cities of the Continent, and from there outward 
the filthy threads of their web reach out to Ultima Thule. They hold the gauge of 
world politics in their right hand, they are the vultures of the stock exchange and 
the hyenas of speculation; before the ring of their voices totter the thrones and 

smaller seats of power, crowns and crownlets; before the luster of their names, 
the purple of royalty pales." 

"Montefiore's ideas, Rothschild's gold, and Isaac dlsraeli's revolutionary spirit ~ 
what driving power has a kosher Trinity harmonically attuned to one another! " (31) 

We have thereby presented in condensed brevity those chief actors who "do not 
rest from washing pure the name of Israel from the shame, with which fanaticism 
and intrigue sought to besmirch them," who "deserve the idolization of all co- 
religionists, whose name will live in History. . ." (32) 

The remaining figures of this tragedy who acted for the Jews were without 
exception secondary creatures, but no less dangerous because of it ~ all the same, 
whether it was a matter of a chief of state or his lowliest police constable. In a letter 
of 5 March 1840, when the interrogations in Damascus were not even finished, the 
"attorney" Cremieux, although no excerpts of any sort from the documents could 
have been available to him, already knows enough to report that , 1. "those accused 
of the terrible murder in Damascus are not the criminals" and that "the confessions, 
coerced from the beginning by torture, but which were rescinded with the return of 
consciousness (92), can not justify the charges." 

On the 7th of April 1840 ~ therefore still during the trial ~ the same individual 
published in the Journal des Debats an open letter, which first of all described the 
facts of the case falsely and then went on to the reports of atrocities concerning the 
alleged persecutions of the Jews. What interests us, however, is only the conclusion 
of the eight page printed epistle. It reads: "French Christians, we are your fellow- 
citizens, your brothers! You have given to the world the example of the gentlest, 
the purest tolerance. Serve as a shield for us, just as you have served as protector! 
But most of all, may the French press take on the sacred matter of civilization and 
the truth with that noble zeal which has been its glory. This is a beautiful role, 
which becomes it so well, and which it fills so magnanimously!" In these 
concluding sentences Cremieux, for once, does express three great truths: 1. that 
the French in their Revolution of 1789 gave to the world a truly unique example of 
how [a country], from pure "Brotherhood" and "Equality of all of that which bears 
the human face," can commit national suicide, [Unfortunately, a pattern which is 
presently repeating itself.] which the Jew Cohen in his attention-getting book 
which appeared in 1868: La question juive acknowledged with the following 
contemptuous sentence: "For the Jews the Messiah arrived on 28 February 1790 
with the Rights of Man," 2. that France might serve as a "shield" for Jewry ~ on 
that point actually nothing has changed until recently; and 3. that the press already 
fulfills Jewish wishes in every respect "magnanimously"! 

After pronouncement of the judgment the expert opinions of "eminent Christian 
authorities" were requested, in order to stress the baselessness of the charges ~ in a 
later great ritual-murder trial in Hungary, Jewry received these "Christian 
credentials" delivered by the dozen. (33) The Allgemeine Zeitung published the 
"expert opinion" of a Herr Councilor Professor Dr. G.H. von Schubert in 
Number 121 from April 1840 under the headline: "The alleged Act of Murder by 
the Jews in Damascus." The Herr Councilor finds it "inconceivable, that the echo 
of a barbaric, (93) senseless fairy-tale of the Middle Ages about the manner in 

which the Father disappeared and then is supposed to have been murdered by the 
Jews, was able to pass on to us Christians of the 19th century and so easily be 
repeated among us." As a Christian traveler, he has become accurately acquainted 
with the Jews of the East and is able consequently "to say with fullest conviction, 
that that strange horrifying fairy-tale stands in such a total contradiction to the 
attitudes and inviolably strictly-held religious practices of the Jews," that the Jews 
can in no way be viewed as the perpetrators! 

But the Herr Councilor is correct on one point, when he reliably determined that 
the "religious practices of the Jews are maintained strictly inviolable"; these were 
even so mercilessly carried through, that already in those years, when the professor 
was roving the shores of the East as a Christian traveler, for instance in some 
regions and on some islands of the Near East, an unwritten law existed, according 
to which at certain definite times in which, according to frightful experience 
handed down of old, children regularly disappeared without a trace, and indeed 
from the Gentile part of the population, it had been forbidden to the Jews to leave 
their apartments, for example the procession of the Jews held at the time of a death. 
It is not without interest to note that also, for example, at Nuremberg and Bohemia 
in earlier centuries similar prohibitions existed. For Nuremberg the Emperor 
Maximilian I in 1498 had issued a nocturnal curfew for Jews (Tentzel, Mon. Unt, 
1697, page 228). 

But "the sympathy which enlightened Christians showed the stigmatized, did the 
heart good, and history will never forget those who let no time go by in placing 
Man and his moral being in the right light, against the attacks of narrow-minded 
stupidity. Among these noble men the bishop Dr. Draseke was the first, in that he 
made the declaration in writing to the Rabbi Philippson that he perfectly agreed 
with the arguments of the latter in the Magdeburg newspaper and had to thank him 
for it. Indeed, even alms from the side of the Christians arrived for hungry 
Israelites, a (94) propitiatory sacrifice, as it were, upon the altar of offended 
humanity" (34) Not in vain had Jew Loewenstein directed his cynical appeal "to 
the liberal Rationalists, who fight for the principle of theological enlightenment": 
"You lights upon the field of Theology, it would now be for you to show that this 
study does not merely amount to verbal wisdom, but on the contrary that also a 
sweet, marrow-like core is contained in those many dry and indigestible peels, that 
Humanitarianism is the beautiful reward for years-long research. You great 
theologians and philologists of Germany, here is a practical field for your wisdom 
acquired in long years! You have toiled greatly, greatly, plowed and sown; here 
stand stalks in full ripeness, the time of the harvest has come, do not sleep through 
it!" ~ Let us note the year: 1840. 

In the Journal de Smyrne since the 14th of May 1840 there appeared ongoing 
reports out of Alexandria, which had as author the Christian-camouflaged 
"missionary" G.W. Pieritz. This "report-making" about the events in Damascus 
can be described as the quite successful and effective precursor of the modem 
Jewish atrocity-propaganda. In a shameless manner the facts were mixed up ~ even 
the representative of a European Great Power, the French Consul Ratti-Menton, 
was accused of "a punishable negligence" ~ so that it is appropriate to concern 
ourselves more closely with the character and the racial affiliation of the author. 
The "Protestant missionary" G. W. Pieritz was a member of the "London Society 

for the Propagation of Christianity among the Jews, which was the first 
organization among the Christians to grasp the standard for protection of Jewry" 
(35) . When we then learn that the society had this report of its "missionary" printed 
and distributed at its own expense under the title: Statement of Mr. G.W. Pieritz, a 
Jewish Convert, and assistant missionary at Jerusalem, respecting the persecution 
of the Jews at Damascus: the result of a personal inquiry on the spot, and (95) we 
are further informed (36) about these intimate Jewish-"Christian" relationships 
through the Jew L.H. Loewenstein ~ he had to know this definitely, of course ~ to 
the effect that another representative of this enterprise of highly political 
Londoners, the "preacher" W. Ayerst in a "friendly and worthy-of-his-class 
manner" assisted at the composition of the Jewish polemic Damascia in the year 
1840, at which also, upon his special recommendation, another baptized Jew (37) , 
the "Herr consistorial councilor Professor Dr. A. Neander has performed very 
important services in Berlin with the researching of means of proof for the 
justification of the Israelites," then we know already enough information about 
the Jewish convert Pieritz that we actually wouldn't have needed his self- 
confession, produced in another passage, that he was "bom a Jew, trained to be a 
Rabbi and then converted to Christianity." This Rabbi Pieritz took himself from 
Jerusalem to Damascus, "in consideration of the Christian mission which obligates 
him to defend human rights in places of despotism (38) ." Since Pieritz by no 
means "made headway" with his Jew-haggling [the word the author uses, 
Gemauschle, comes from the verb mauscheln, which means: "to talk like a Jew; to 
haggle."] with the energetic Sherif-Pasha, he traveled, after his "Christian 
mission" in Damascus had failed, to Alexandria, from where of course his writings 
were sent, in order to "be presented to the Viceroy of Egypt." What emerged from 
this presentation, we learn as well: (39) ". . .and have received from him the 
promise of the appeal of the questionable trial." This was the actual mission of 
this swindler, which he settled to the satisfaction of his London task-masters: 
Pieritz had to "test" the ground first. After the departure of this Rabbi, camouflaged 
as a missionary, the leading Jews met together in London on the 21st of April, 
1840. They decided to approach the governments of England, France, and Austria, 
so that these employed all means to set the arrested Jews free. (96) "Cremieux also 
attended the meeting; a deputation, consisting of Baron v. Rothschild, Sir Moses 
Montefiore, and some others, was appointed "in order to come to an understanding 
orally with the Foreign Minister." The result of these negotiations, which were 
conducted orally out of caution, were energetic interventions with the English, the 
French, the Austrian, and the Russian governments. "The efforts at the cabinets of 
these nations, according to the example of Germany, were successful. The 
representatives of the states of Germany, following the direct pressure of many 
Jewish banking houses, undertook steps to distort the facts of this deplorable affair, 
and thus to mislead opinion about the true cause of the murder." (40) And "the 
Dutch government ordered its envoys and Consuls at Constantinople and 
Alexandria to check [the spread of] fanaticism in the East; even the government of 
the Great Lord at Constantinople showed itself inclined to consider the matter, 
although the conference was of little success" (41) . 

The leading role in this battue [Note: a battue is a technique used in certain types of 
hunting, where beaters are used to harry, round-up, and bring their prey to bay and 
the author uses it as a metaphor for the tactics used by the Jews in bring the 

investigators, politicians, and the press to their side by bringing pressure from 
several directions simultaneously.] underway against the judge of the investigation 
Ratti-Menton, was assigned to the Austrian Consul in Damascus, Merlato, 
although at one time, at least at the beginning of the trial, he was of an entirely 
other opinion. Merlato himself is, on the other hand, under the command of the 
Austrian General Consul, the Jew Laurin. A entirely dubious individual, the Jew 
Isaac Piccioto from Aleppo, by occupation likewise Austrian General Consul and - 
- as can be determined with absolute certainty ~ an uncle of one of the ritual- 
murderers of the same name, seems to have exerted the control over both. "The 
Jews of Austria, and, at their head, Rothschild, are taking action and do not 
implore their just and paternal government in vain for assistance in this sad affair. 
We see from now on the Austrian General Consul in Alexandria and the Consul of 
the same State in Damascus working most zealously, to restore a status of justice 
and (97) humanity to the affair [i.e., in Damascus]. . ." 

The sudden change of opinion of Merlato and his downright obstinate manner of 
fighting against his French colleagues are therefore by no means accidental or of a 
personal nature; he, too, was only a tool in Jewish hands. But the final disclosures 
Peter Deeg procures for us in his work, which has just appeared, Hofjuden {Court 
Jews] (42) . We learn there that the Parisian Ambassador of Austria, Count 
Apponyi, was deeply in debt to the Viennese Rothschild. Under the date 6 July 
1840, the former wrote in reference to the ritual-murder of Damascus to Salomon 
Rothschild, in Vienna: " As concerns the affair of your poor co-religionists in 
Damascus, I will thus execute the orders and instructions reaching me on their 
behalf, with the sincere wish to be useful in this matter." About these matters 
not even Merlato, who was then sent on ahead as a battering ram, would have been 
permitted to have known. ~ 

For the revision of his views Merlato, as desired, needed only a few weeks. He 
reports still on the date 28 February 1940 to the General Consul Laurin in 
Alexandria, with the highest degree of indignation over the "disgraceful Jews, eight 
in number", who "slaughtered the unfortunate old man and collected his blood," so 
he makes report on the 23rd of March 1840 to the same royal and imperial General 
Consul in Alexandria about the result of his "most conscientious inquiries" 
performed on the spot. These are to the effect that the Father and his servant were 
perhaps not lured by Jews lying in wait and then overpowered, but on the contrary, 
at a very popular(!) place in the city "had a hard brawl with Muslims of the lowest 
class, the meanest riff-raff" (Musulmani della piu bassa e piu impertinente 
canaglia), in the course of which both the missing men could very well have been 
done away with. Aside from the fact that an old man already having become 
somewhat insecure, who went out almost always only in the company of his 
servant, would hardly still feel the need for a substantial brawl, it would have to 
have been an easy matter for the report- writer to come by witnesses to (98) such a 
public incident as this, yet Merlato spares not a word about this in his verbose 
epistle! It is striking that the Austrian Consul interests himself in the accused 
Piccioto to an extraordinary degree and energetically demands the release of this 
man immediately. The key to this behavior is already supplied to us! In a 
supplementary report ~ aside from the usual attacks upon Ratti-Menton ~ the 
"poor Israelites" are pitied: "The Israelites have endured in this city tortures which 
only from this pariah of the Earth are borne without [there being] a frightful 

reaction. At every hour the French Consul on entering any house, meets the most 
respected names among the Jews, with the most refined manners, and [who have] a 
wealth originating from the purest sources, [and who have] infirmities most 
deserving of sympathy, [but] nothing is made of it. . ." (43) . 

On 25 April 1840, Merlato also pleased his (Jewish) father-in-law, Herr Premuda 
in Trieste, with a Jewish-attuned piece of writing, which the latter immediately 
sent on to the press. Merlato asserted that he was troubling himself about the 
unfortunate Jews "merely out of "philanthropy," who because of this "blessed his 
name and prayed to God for him," as, on the other side, "the Christian bunch (la 
turba cristianay were "heaping curses upon" him. Among the men convicted of 
the murder one counts also this Isaac di Piccioto, "the nephew of our General 
Consul in Aleppo." 

The Royal and Imperial Consul sought comfort in witty surroundings; at his 
location was a clever German (read: Jewish) author, who would take over his, 
Merlato's duties for iht Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung. Besides this, a "Protestant 
missionary" ~ it's Pieritz! ~ intended a memorandum about the Jewsih 
persecutions of Damascus and "several scholars" to issue publications "for the 
benefit of humanity." 

The Austrian General consul in Alexandria, Laurin, a Jew himself, utilized the 
"enquiries" delivered to him; in a report from Alexandria of 31 March 1840 he is 
(99) already able to log his first success (44) , in that he succeeded in submitting a 
petition to the Viceroy of Egypt, Mehemed Ali, in order to "introduce the essential 
matter." Laurin requested "respectfully to obtain a potent order at the French 
Ministry, to the effect that the French Consul in Damascus, Count Ratti-Menton, 
who through his conduct caused the Turkish authorities to use coercion, might at 
last be dismissed". . .This was all the more urgent, since the "unrest among the 
Gentile population very easily could get out of hand and turn into a regular 
persecution of the Jews in Palestine." In fact, Jakob Rothschild, the brother of 
Salomon Rothschild, in Paris, had attempted to push through the immediate 
dismissal of the inconvenient Consul with King Louis Philipp. 

On 4 April 1840 it says: "Several details stated in the trial strengthen increasingly 
my (Laurin) already expressed opinion, that the accusation of a ritual-murder has 
no legal foundation. . .1 am convinced, that the Press will raise a cry of horror. . .", 
and further on, under the date 6 April 1840, we find the following portentous 
sentence written: "I have spoken with the Pasha, the interrogations will be stopped. 
Thereby much has been gained." 

"This intervention from the European side has encouraged our deeply afflicted 
brothers in the East to take the initiative with their own government," wrote Der 
Orient on 30 Mai 1840; these deeply afflicted brothers now directed a petition (45) 
to the Viceroy of Egypt, Mehemed Ali, "in favor of the persecuted brothers-in-the- 
faith in Damascus." This reads in part: "The Israelite Nation(!) has no princes, no 
State; her glory is buried by the Ages, her nationality is extinguished. Religion 
governs her conscience, but it does not sever (us) from (our adopted) nations. The 
Israelites of Damascus are your children, for God has entrusted them to your 
government. They are slandered by malice and oppressed by cruelty. The name of 

Mehemed Ali rings loudly throughout the universe, for in one hand he holds Glory 
and in the other Justice. The Hebrews of Damascus are (100) accused of a 
horrifying crime, of a crime which contradicts reason, their religious principles, 
and even more, history. The people of Israel are unfortunate, it's true, but their 
character in travail has been astonishing, and men such as Your Highness, whom 
God has gifted with genius, take pity upon them and do not despise them. Your 
Highness, we ask for no mercy for our bothers-in-faith ~ we ask for Justice. To 
you alone has God entrusted the power over these unfortunate people, and you 
alone have the right to rule them. This concerns an old religion, which they wish to 
besmirch, and it seems that God has reserved for you a still greater glory ~ to be 
the Liberator of an oppressed Nation." 

Mehemed Ali thereupon gave command to send first of all an 800 troops to 
Damascus, "in order to uphold the peace among the Christians there" (46) ~ in later 
ritual murder trials in like manner entire battalions, yes, even battle ships were 
mustered, in order to "calm" the Gentile population. 

The consular representatives of the remaining powers joined in the procedure of the 
Austrian Consul; the representatives of the German states got the report issued on 
the part of the Jews, that "they might appear in the best light." But the Prussian 
Consul in Beirut is especially praised, who "proved himself on this occasion as 
the representative worthy to be a successor of Frederick the Great, in that he 
united his own efforts for the rescue of the persecuted with those of the Austrian 
Consul." The representative of Prussia rendered to "the Israelites many benefits" at 
the most important place in Syria and assured them "they should fear no one; he 
was willing and ready to serve anyone who bore the name Jew." As thanks for this 
he will be numbered among "the devout of the peoples of the world" and "every 
kindness possible in this world" shall be shown to him, as also "his name is to be 
praised all over the world, that all peoples might know that Israel is not yet helpless 
and that it shows gratitude toward its benefactors (47) ." 

What the result of these dealings with the representatives of the European states in 
the East finally was, is recognized very clearly by the Allgemeine (101) 
Zeitun^ (4S) under examination of the French reports, in that the paper had reached 
the conviction that "the accusations against the French Consul all came from 
Jewish sources," since "also Herr Merlato as well as most of the other Consuls in 
Syria, namely those from Russia, Denmark, Prussia and so forth are Jews. . ." 

These cosmopolitan gentlemen finally agreed upon a formula, that "the Austrian 
Consul General made the proposal, to withdraw the pending trial from the hands of 
the Turkish justice (Sherif-Pasha), and hand it over to a commission of four 
European (read: Jewish) Consuls, to which four German 'criminologists' should be 
added for the bringing out of the facts" (49) ~ in other words: The Gentile Ratti- 
Menton was to be eliminated. Before this plan could be pushed through, an event 
took place on Rhodes, which seemed suited to throw the Jewish direction of the 
case into confusion during just these critical days. 

Go to Damascus/Page 3 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Damascus 1840 

Page 3 

(p. 101) 


As had first become well-known in the course of several weeks, an approximately 
12-year-old Greek youngster from the town of Triande on Rhodes had 
disappeared without a trace around the time of the Jewish Easter 1840. The child 
had been sent by his mother to a merchant to buy yarn. Since then he had been 
missing. On the next day the mother made a police report with the Turkish 
Gouverneur of the island, Jussuf Pasha. The latter immediately carried out house 
searches in the relevant location, but without result. Finally two witnesses who on 
the day in question had observed the missing child reported how he was haggling 
over something or other with the head of the Jewish community, StambuH, and 
then disappeared into the house of the Jew. Stambuli was brought forward. He 
began a great lamentation that he knew nothing about it; he tried to come up with 
an alibi, which did not succeed. At any rate this much was learned, that on the 
(102) day in question, shortly before Easter, three strange Jews had come o 
Rhodes in a direction through Triande. 

A police team succeeded in discovering these three Jews. They were brought 
before the Gouverneur and questioned in the presence of several foreign Consuls. 
They likewise knew nothing. The Rabbi of Rhodes, Jakob Israel, gave (in 
response to the rebukes of the questioner) the explanation to the protocol, that none 
of the Jewish laws and books of religion required any such kind of unnatural 
sacrifice, of which people liked to accuse the Jews: "We are also in no way 
capable of such a crime, we would be unworthy to be God*s children, if we 
through our behavior could give the slightest cause of dissatisfaction to the 
government." Here one of the Consuls present interrupts him with the words: "Be 
silent, we have not summoned you to listen to your apparent justifications or long- 
winded explanations, we want to know shortly and concisely, where the Greek 
child can be found! The Rabbi also asserted that he "knew nothing about it". 

At the direction of the Pasha the Jewish Quarter of Rhodes was from now on 
cordoned off by a military unit, in order to have the possibility of drawing up an 
exact list of the Jews present and to be able to search their houses. Obviously a 

great bewailing arose over this "shocking act of violence." After the surveys had 
been taken, representatives of the Islamic population, a civil judge and several 
foreign Consuls were assigned to compose a decision. Thereupon the Turkish 
Gouverneur ordered that the cordoning off of the Jewish Quarter remain in force 
until the child, who of course could not have disappeared with no trace, was found. 

Meanwhile Jewish agents on Rhodes had been paving the way; they reported to 
London to a certain Davis about the "slanders and cruelties" to which the Jews on 
Rhodes were exposed. Davis, "with the most respected Jews of London, Rothschild 
at their head," promptly presented to the English government a memorandum, "in 
which he asked it for protection against the acts of violence and arbitrary whims" 
to which the Jews (103) in Rhodes had been exposed, and with Jewish impudence 
demanded a harsh "investigation." In fact the English envoy in Constantinople 
received the order delivered through Lord Palmerston, "to take care of the 
distressed Jews." 

In those days there now appeared "by chance" a "Finance Director" out of 
Constantinople, to collect the taxes due. He soon unveiled his actual mission, in 
that he visited the cordoned-off Jewish Quarter and inquired after the reason for 
this regulation. He demanded immediate lifting of the blockade, otherwise he 
would see himself forced to report to Constantinople straight-away . The Pasha 
gave in and decreed the cancellation of the state of siege; the suspected Jews were 
nonetheless held in solitary confinement and underwent, in the presence of several 
Consuls, repeated interrogations, during the course of which extraordinary 
contradictions appeared. Meanwhile the Grand Rabbi of Constantinople had been 
informed; he negotiated with the "High Gates" [This term refers to the Court in 
Constantinople.] and succeeded in having the mother of the child, as well as three 
Greeks who had been commissioned to handle the charges, and a Jewish delegation 
ordered to Constantinople. On this alone "the Jewish deputies spent 150,000 
Piasters" (50) . Fourteen days after the departure of this deputation, the Jews still 
being imprisoned were set at liberty by instruction of a higher authority and 
circumventing the governor of Rhodes. But to the Turkish judges, at the 
instigation of the English legation in Constantinople, the secret directive went out, 
to issue a "report of acquittal" for the accused Jews and to send this judgement to 
Lord Ponsonby, although the mother of the missing child and the plaintiffs had 
given the same incriminating facts to the protocol before the Turkish authorities as 
they had on Rhodes. Lord Ponsonby "presented to the assembled Divan through his 
representative the written declaration of innocence of the Jews." ~ "Thus, one now 
expects" ~ wrote the Jewish correspondent of the Orient (51) under the date 8 July 
from Constantinople ~ "the verdict quickly, which I will receive first-hand and will 
then send on to you immediately. At the same time, (104) Herr v. Rothschild of 
Paris and London, who has been present here for more than a year, has sent this 
matter, as I have written you here before, to Price Metternich at Vienna a short 
while ago. Against the Consuls involved no measures will be taken by their own 
governments until after judgment in this affair has been pronounced by the High 
Gates, which, as I can reliably assure you, will fall out entirely to the favor of 
the Jews at Rhodes." 

The Highest Court at Constantinople then announced, too, the "Innocence of the 
Jews at Rhodes" in a public declaration. The Jews were "totally acquitted of the 

accusations of kidnapping a child and of child-murder, and as compensation were 
entitled to some benefits. . .those who had accused them illegitimately, had to pay 
the compensation. . ." We can imagine of what these benefits consisted. 

The mother was sent back to Rhodes, without having accomplished anything, 
without being left even the possibility of further investigation. However great a 
crime it was to have sat as Consul in judgment over Jews ~ of which the report 
above gives hints ~ how much more, then, must a plain and defenseless woman of 
the people have to fear being met with Jewish vindictiveness, if she committed the 
offense of further troubling about her child. In a later ritual-murder trial in 
Hungary(52} the frail mother of a slaughtered fourteen-year-old girl had to be 
protected by the Gendarmerie from Jewish persecution and harassment. But let us 
not boast that such scandalous conditions as these would not have been possible on 
German soil in this century "of light" ~ we shall yet have to reach the shameful 
conclusion that the interests of the people even there were in still worse shape! 

In contrast to those in Damascus, the judicial enquiries in Rhodes were nipped in 
the bud. Jussuf-Pasha was "formally degraded" and replaced by a successor 
belonging to the Jews. But the population, for centuries (105) never at peace over 
the trackless disappearance of its children, knew in this case, too, where the 
plague-germ of murder was to be sought. In the "situation-report" of a Jewish 
correspondent out of Rhodes cited above, there occurs accordingly the very 
remarkable passage, that "Jews, if they do not wish to subject themselves to 
mistreatment, should not allow themselves to venture before the gates of the city." 
These were at any rate very critical moments, which were capable of shaking the 
carefully protected and guarded positions of the Jews on those shores. "These are 
grievous signs of the times, such events often pull down in a few weeks an 
edifice built over years," wrote the Orient with wrinkled brow, in the summer of 
this year! 

Something had to happen to prevent "from passions once aroused something still 
far worse germinating "(53) ~ moreover Sherif-Pasha, despite all expectations and 
threats, was well along the way to transporting the convicted murderers to the 
pastures of their patriarchs! 

New "Interventions" 

"With a zeal and self-denial which, in our mercantile-diplomatic time belongs to 
the great rarities, many noble minds in Israel are striving without rest to procure 
assistance for the persecuted whenever possible. . ." 

"Grateful mention must be made of the efforts and strivings, eternally memorable 
in the history of the most remarkable people of the earth, of the family of 
Rothschild. Various circumstances and considerations do not permit us to recount 
all the high-minded sacrifices and successful steps, to which our unfortunate 
brothers, in the regions once subject to the scepter of David and now sighing under 
barbaric oppression, owe so very much. . . But the time will come, when History, 
not merely of the Israelites but of humanity itself, will tell of those glorious deeds 
in its eternally lasting annals and will erect an indestructible, immortal monument 

to them. . ." Now, (106) since the Jew L. H. Loewenstein in his Damascia (54) is 
so generous and allows even the rest of humanity to be told the "glorious deeds", 
we consider that the time has come and we commit ourselves to the immodest 
venture of erecting an "indestructible monument" to those captains of World Jewry. 

First would be engraved in the annals of history that "the reservation and caution of 
the courtiers and businessmen Rothschild suddenly vanished before the thought 
that God had blessed them with great wealth and so much influence for this 
reason, that they might be able to come with help and rescue to the side of their 
suffering brothers and stand up for them." From all regions of the world where 
Jews lived, "calls for assistance" came in to the Rothschilds: "Rescue, save our 
unfortunate brothers at Damascus and Rhodes!" Then we discover what is still very 
interesting in our days, that "in England a beautiful and praise-worthy spirit is 
manifest, which has historical value and was a remedy for the severe wounds 
which were inflicted upon the honor of the century." In what form this valuable, 
praise-worthy spirit revealed itself, the numerous "meetings" show, at which 
"Christians" appeared in great number, in order to "discuss what means to grasp for 
the benefit of the unfortunates of Damascus" ~ we shall consider more closely 
these "Christians" in another place; we want to say beforehand only this, that the 
smell of garlic penetrated the baptismal water and subdued it; but then even the 
Lord Mayor of London personally took a most vigorous share in the high-minded 
decisions and steps of the noble Sir Moses Montefiore, a close relative of the 
family of Rothschild This "Sir" was even prepared "to offer up his entire wealth, 
indeed even his life for his oppressed brothers-in-the-faith in the East" and ~ what 
for him as a Jew would signify still more ~ he has expressed the intention, as in the 
past the Crusaders ~ this simile was actually used! ~ to board a ship and sail across 
the water to the shores of the Holy Land! ~ The Member of Parliament Sir Robert 
Peel "and associates" put their "party quarrels aside" and supported Lord 
Palmerston in his diplomatic efforts to aid the Jews of Syria. Then we must still 
also make mention of the "London Society" of the baptized Rabbi George Wildon 
Pieritz, "who let their voices be heard in defense of innocence" ~ and we have 
presented the best of "English" society: "Thrice fortunate Britannia, how much 
more worthy of envy than thy powerful fleets do thine citizens, thine 
Parliament, thine Meetings make thee! Beate popule, cui haec suntV (55) [The 
Latin translates roughly as: Happy people, who have these things!] 

Only Cremieux is still missing ~ but he, too, "the reverend," appeared: "From now 
onward London became the hearth of issues of Humanitarianism, and even 
Cremieux crossed over the channel, in order to work here, where human weal 
and woe are dealt with far more strongly than in France. . ." (56) On the 15th of 
June 1840 the assembly of the Committee of British Jews" appeared in the new 
synagogue Great St. Helen's in London (57) . It was resolved that: 

1 . After this Committee heard with particular attention various letters from the 
East, which reveal the necessity of a further intervention of the European 
Israelites in favor of their persecuted brothers in Damascus, and has learned that 
the Israelite Central Consistory in Paris has empowered Herr Ad. Cremieux to 
defend as its emissary the case of the accused Jews in Damascus; the Committee is 

2. convinced that it would be highly expedient if several gentlemen of rank and 
talent were sent, to work together with Herr Cremieux. 

3. The Committee is further convinced, that Sir Moses Montefiore, by power of 
his high morality, of his zeal and of his influence is (108) especially suited to 
represent the Jews of England at the Court of the Pasha of Egypt and to defend our 
persecuted brothers in the East, and it urgently requests him to accept this mission; 

4. likewise, the Committee further empowers Sir Monteflore, to take along any 
legal or special assistance in order to further the goal of his mission; 

5. that a subscription. . .be opened to take care of expenses as they occur and that 
the incoming sums be placed at the disposal of Sir Moses Monteflore; 

6. that Herr Baron Lionel v. Rothschild (58) be instructed to receive the incoming 

7. that on Tuesday, the 23rd of this month, at 4 o'clock in the great synagogue. 
Duke's Place, a public assembly be held. . .as well as, that on the next Sabbath an 
announcement relating this shall be issued." 

The Committee expressed at the end, "deeply moved by noble-mindedness, the 
humanitarianism and the zeal" of its chief Montefiore, "the warmest gratitude." ~ 
"At the conclusion, Monteflore opened the suggested subscription, by drawing up 
100 Pounds beyond taking care of his own travel expenses, which sum his wife 
also equally contributed. The three young Herren Rothschild each participated 
with 200 Pounds apiece, Herr Isaak Cohen gave 100 Pounds, and so forth. 
Thereupon, the Jews of Manchester followed directly the example of the London 
Jews, and in a meeting held there, which was attended by Christian 
manufacturers, merchants and scholars, 800 Pounds was raised. " (59) ~ A 
glorious piece of theater: The Gentile "Intelligentsia" contributes its not 
insignificant mite to the "rescue" of Jewish criminals! Indeed: "Such a noble 
example was powerfully effective, the sympathy for the unfortunate Jewish 
population increased all the more, as (109) on the one hand this tragedy no longer 
stood isolated, on the contrary similar occurrences in other places, this time in 
Rhodes, also had turned up and had been exploited with fanaticism. . .all the more 
happened from the other side. Louder and ever louder shouted the English House 
of Commons for aid for the Israelites." (60) 

One day before the main meeting of the London Jews, on 22 June 1840 a sitting of 
the House of Commons took place, an excerpt from the minutes of which throws a 
glaring light upon the intrigues behind the scenes. Sir Robert Peel, "perceiving the 
presence of Lord Palmers ton " (61) , raised the topic of the "much-discussed 
abusive persecution of the Jews in Damascus," . . . "of which he had already made 
mention on Friday." This Member of Parliament reported to the Lower House the 
same account of cruelty which Merlato and Pieritz had already put about in the 
world from the end of April to the end of May of this year with conspicuous 
correspondence [of detail]. Sir Robert Peel now awaited the intervention of 
England, "although he knows that this couldn't be done officially; yet the respect 
for England and the influence of its government are sufficient, that the happiest 
results are to be expected from that intervention, even in limited degree." The 
Jews of England, like those of all nations, would firmly trust the England's 
intervention will lead "to the discovery of the truth," if the charges should be 
proved to be unfounded. The "Secretary of Foreign Affairs," Palmerston, 
responded to this that "the subject of which the highly esteemed Baronet had just 
now made the House aware, had already been brought to the attention of the 

government some time ago, which lost no time in taking suitable measures." He, 
Palmerston, had given instructions to Colonel Hodges, General Consul in 
Alexandria, "to bring the entire matter to the most earnest attention of the Pasha of 
Egypt." The unfortunate accused would have to be compensated, as far as this 
might be at all possible. 

Hereupon remarked the Member O. Connel, "the best means (1 10) to purge the 
Jews of the taint thrown upon them would be, to put them on an equal footing in 
every respect with the rest of the citizens resident in England. He wished to 
know, whether it were the intention of the government, to propose a law which 
would aim at the full equal standing of the Jews." The "Damascus Affair" was 
therefore supposed to be exploited into a matter of high politics. Loewenstein 
gives to these statements his informative commentary, from which it emerges that 
Palmerston "admitted quite openly that the civil equality of the Israelites with 
their Christian fellow-citizens was a necessary measure by virtue of reason and 
justice". . . 

Lord Ashley joined the preceding speaker and declared, he had only just received 
letters from the East which "indicated that extortion of money was the single goal 
of the atrocities perpetrated against the Jews." We see matters going forward step 
by step to the good fortune of the Jews ~ but it gets better yet! 

On the 23rd of June the Jews of London are mustered to a "community meeting" in 
the great synagogue of London (Duke's-Place). Presiding was Sir Moses 
Montefiore, "Knight," "President of the London Committee of the British 
Deputation of Jews"; as representatives of France appeared the "Vice-President of 
the Central Consistory of French Israelites," the advocate Cremieux, and as 
representative of the Jews of Germany, Rabbi Lowe! 

First of all there was mentioned with warm gratitude the helpful intervention of 
Colonel Hodges, "Consul of his His Majesty in Alexandria," of Prince 
Metternich, "His Grace," of the Austrian Consul Merlato in Damascus, of the 
Austrian General Consul in Alexandria, Laurin, and also gratefully acknowledged 
was "the energy, which Herr James v. Rothschild expended for the support of the 
unfortunate co-religionists." This general assembly decided "after examination of 
the presented documents" to send to Syrian "the gentlemen Cremieux and 
Montefiore as representatives of the Israelites." The French Minister-President 
Thiers, who attempted to protect the French Consul for Damascus from the 
filthiest attacks, was accused by one of the committee's speakers of "lack of 
humanity before the forum of (1 1 1) civilized Europe" ! 

Montefiore declared that he would go across with Cremieux. "We go in order to 
defend the requirements of Humanity, which is offended in our persecuted and 
suffering brothers; we go to shed light upon the dark chaos of diabolical deed, to 
uncover conspiracy and to shame the conspirators. . . still more, we want to try to 
infuse into the eastern governments more enlightened principles of legislation 
and the administration of justice; I hope that our efforts will be crowned with 
success. . . fare thee well, gentlemen! I pray to the god of our fathers, that he guides 
our steps. . . Thus I look upon my return in the sure hope, to be able to say to you at 
that time, that the Judge of the World has given us the victory, has bent kings and 
rulers to His will. . ." The minutes note at this point: "Great emotion held sway at 

the conclusion of this speech!" To conclude, the English government was 
mentioned for the "quick intervention in favor of the unfortunate brothers in the 
East" and "a prayer said for the high-minded pilgrim (Montefiore is meant!) and 
his companions." "Help him reach his sacred goal! Amen! Let him not come back 
empty to those who sent him! Amen! Lead him hale and hearty back home again! 
Amen! And also his wife and all who are joining him. . .Amen Sela!" (62) 

"After Montefiore asked to take his leave of the Queen of England (!) and was 
received by the same in the most gracious manner. . .he travelled on the 27th of 
June, accompanied by his wife and fellow-pilgrims, the Orientalist Dr. Loewe, a 
learned German (Jew), the Undersheriff Wire and the physician Dr. Madden, on a 
steamboat placed at his disposal by the Queen from London to Boulogne." 
From there "the envoys of a sympathetic Europe hurried" to Paris, but here they 
were held up by discussions with "leading politicians." In Marseilles the traveling 
group met with the "fiery Cremieux", who had hastened on ahead in company with 
the ''OrientaUst'' and the earlier tutor of the Rothschilds (112), Munck. The 
French government had placed at their disposal a "government steamboat" for the 
crossing to Alexandria! (63) 

But these were merely the "captains" of the traveling group, which actually 
consisted of an entire retinue of interpreters, writers, various "specialists" and a 
load of Gentile servants, who had the dubious pleasure of having been taken along 
on this journey. 

"So travel happily, you high-minded advocates of the great cause of Humanity and 
reason! May your fiery courage and the light of your reason and eloquence triumph 
over the base malice and the dark fanaticism of the enemy! Proclaim to us that 
trodden-upon Innocence has found Right and recognition at last!" Thus did Jew 
Loewenstein still cry out from Germany. 

After the departure of the captains of Judah, not only was "the Israelite population 
of the various nations" taking upon themselves this matter of "trodden-upon 
Innocence," but also "purely Christian organizations" (64) felt themselves obliged 
to stand up for the "poor orphans" ~ it only remains to examine how high the 
estimate of the percentage of Gentiles of this apparently Gentile undertaking, 
prophylactically stated as being purely Christian, really is. It certainly was not very 

The emissaries of Israel were in Paris when over 200 "important Christian 
merchants, bankers, officials and scholars of the City of London" on the 3rd of 
July of the same year called up a public assembly, "in order to express 
demonstratively their fervent sympathy in respect to the terrible oppression of the 
Jews." The Lord Mayor of London had also promised to make an appearance. A 
number of the persons of this "great Christian meeting," which the large auditorium 
in the Egyptian Hall, Mansion House (65) was barely able to hold," (113) has been 
handed down to us. We encounter there, to give only a very modest "selection," a 
Lemme "and Company," Lewis Lloyd, Masterman, an Abel Smith, Colmann, 
Schaezler "and Company," an UdadeHzen Freudenteil "and Company," Schunck- 
Souchay "and Company," Suse and Sibeth, a Godfroy and Simson, a Benjamin 
Greene, a Jeremias Bryant, David Salomons, Samuel Garney, TurnbuU and 

Curtis "and many other respected bankers and merchants of the City," and we 
immediately know all about it ~ practically in advance we are able to set what the 
course of the meeting will be. 

An enormous torrent of words was raised, from which we excerpt only the 
interesting scraps. 

The Vice-President in his speech of welcome took upon himself "the freedom to 
say that, in his opinion, the Jews of Damascus were just as worthy of respect and 
praiseworthy in their dealings as those who live amongst us in England." From 
this he now "permits himself to say, that no one of our fellow-citizens has made 
more zealous an effort, to promote Humanitarianism, to help the poor and 
oppressed, to patronize literature and science (applause), that Christians also have 
benefited from these blessings. . .to show the high regard which is due them, he is 
stating only that Mr. Salomans was a short time ago appointed to one of the 
highest positions. He could name still other men of the Jewish nation who have 
contributed to the honor and welfare of the city of London, and he need only 
mention the name Rothschild, a name that will endure as long as the city of 
London itself (loud applause)." Then came the reading of the atrocity report of the 
"Rev. Mr. Pieritz," which resulted in various motions. 

Dr. Bowring "stepped up" and explained that he had "the honor to know some of 
the arrested men personally" ~ "I hope that the suffering which the Jews of 
Damascus have had to endure, will serve to improve the situation of the Jews in 
the entire world. Their character, indeed, can not be better (114) and it is to be 
hoped that the justice which we shall procure for them in the East, will resound 
in the West (loud and sustained applause)." 

J. Morrison stepped up : ". . .for I cannot extol the character of the Jews any better 
with praise, for long as I've lived, I have gotten to know no more honorable, more 
useful and more patriotic people than the Jews (applause). They are well worth our 
making vital efforts for their relief. . ." 

Samuel Capper continues: "England has never shown herself so prepared to 
liberate suffering Humanity from the shameful influence of cruelty, persecution 
and torture (Hear!). It was a pleasure to see, that men like Lord Palmerston and Sir 
Robert Peel took on this great cause." 

Mr. O* Council was already "received with loud enthusiasm as he stepped up." 
This applause was certainly deserved, since the speaker developed in "shining 
rhetoric" the lapidary sentences: "Is not a Jew a model in every respect in life? 
Are they not loyal friends? (66) Are they not honest, industrious? All of this 
proves how improbable the charge against the Jews is. . . May the call go out from 
one end of the British island to the other (Hear! Hear! applause)." 

Daniel Hearne, "Catholic priest from St. Patrick's" and Alexander Munro, 

"Pastor of the Scottish Peter's Church," proved "the invalidity of the accusation 
against the Jews with numerous citations from the Bible." They hope "that a kindly 
dawn will smile upon the people of Israel". . . 

John Birt, "preacher at the Baptist Chapel at Yorkstreet," wishes "to see that the 

priceless human rights in general" are protected. It would "especially please" him 
"to see our Jewish brothers fully emancipated". . . 

The Lord Mayor "truthfully and sincerely assured the assembly, that it yielded him 
the greatest pleasure to have called together this society, and he felt that indeed, the 
atrocities committed must come to an end (67) ." The Vice-President also expressed 
gratitude for the invitation. Thereupon the spiritual Elite of Britain took their leave 
from one another.(l 15) 

And the actual goal of these theatrical preparations? This we learn with utter 
clarity: "The decision of this meeting were communicated by the Lord Mayor as 
well as Lord Palmerston, as, also, to the foreign ambassadors. The envoys of 
Hanover, Saxony, Portugal, the United States, Spain, of the Turks, of Holland and 
of Prussia responded in the most obliging terms and with the greatest sympathy 
for the subject of the conference. . . Indeed, the Dutch envoy even enclosed the 
copy of a letter which His Majesty's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Baron Verstolk 
van Soelen already had issued on the 5th of March to the Dutch charge d'affaires 
in Constantinople, and the content of which was able to convince us that the 
Dutch government had already shown its sympathy for the unfortunate ones. (68) " 

The news of the London "General meeting" therefore even penetrated America, 
according to the note above! On the 19th of August of this year an "Israelite 
assembly took place with respect to the Damascene affairs" in New York (69) . A 
report "about the results of this energetic assembly has been directed to the Lord 
Mayor of London, as President of the meeting held in Mansion House." The 
President of the New York Jewish assembly "felt the urge, to express his pain over 
the fact that anyone could ascribe such disgusting practices to any kind of religious 
party in such an enlightened century." He had "noted with great satisfaction, that 
several European governments have been making the effort to put a stop to the 
cruel measures applied in Damascus and has learned with great joy that this has 
been partly successful. He wishes most intensely that the sympathy and the active 
intervention of the government of the United States might not remain uninvolved in 
so noble-minded an effort. . ." 

On the 27th of August a similar "assembly" took place in the synagogue Mikveh 
Israel in Philadelphia. . . 

The European Jewish delegation therefore found the field well-prepared in Syria ; 
its mission consisted merely in this, that it had to 1. take up negotiations with the 
government (116) authorities, 2. eliminate the influence of Sherif-Pasha and 3. 
allow funds for corruption flow richly! 

Meanwhile it had become the beginning of August. The God of Israel had guided 
his children, as formerly through the Red Sea, step by step, safely over the 
Mediterranean Sea on a steam ship to Alexandria. "Listen, from the distant coasts 
of Europe a flying steamship rushes by; it approaches, majestically it comes into 
the harbor where once the vessels of Solomon arrived from far-off Ophir; it 
touches the consecrated ground of the Holy Land. . .Out of the high regions gazes a 
radiant spirit. . .The old forebear has bid his grandson welcome. . ." (70) 

The ship expectorated the Jews, who comfortably nestled into the surrounding 
Hotels ~ the "old forbear" without a doubt could be rightly satisfied with his 
"civilized" grandsons! A report from out of Alexandria from August 6, 1840 reads: 
(71) "Sir Moses Montefiore and Herr Cremieux reached here on the 4th of August 
with a large retinue, which occupied two hotels almost exclusively, and will 
continue their journey to Damascus toward the end of the month, in order to, as is 
well known, take steps in favor of the so atrociously abused Jews, and to subject 
this matter to new investigations. A talk of Sir Moses with the Pasha which 
occurred yesterday did not accord with the wishes of the former. The Pasha has 
declared that the intervention of legal scholars in this affair is not agreeable to him, 
and has promised to give Sir Moses a further reply in a few days." (72) 

That sounds somewhat like a rejection; the old Mehemet Ali has apparently been 
shocked over this Jewish presumption. But the matter was tackled cunningly ~ one 
of the chief Jews flew about ~ on the next day already Cremieux is introduced to 
the Pasha from Egypt through a Mr. Cochelet for the sake of caution ~ and had 
better luck: "Herr Cremieux greeted him with the opening, how happy he was to 
see a man upon whom East and West have now directed their gaze and elicited 
(1 17) by this comment a pleased smile from the old man. . .whereupon the usual 
coffee was offered in the next room, but according to custom, however, was not 
accepted by the visitors. . ." (73) 

Under the 26th of August, thus three weeks after the first meeting with Mehemed 
Ali, they knew enough to report from London (!), that "the measures which 
presently are understood to be in progress in connection with Sir Moses 
Montefiore's mission, will not remain without result. . ." (74) 

The success of course could not fail to arrive; if we draw a comparison with the 
stop-over of the Jewish deputation of Rhodes in Constantinople, which indeed 
paid out a sum of 150,000 Piasters in bribes within the shortest time, then 
Rothschild funds would have allowed the way to the revision of the judgement 
without further appeal to be eased in Alexandria as well. At the end of August, the 
time was felt right from henceforth to present a request for pardon; Montefiore and 
Cremieux had wanted to bring in a petition for pardon for the Jews in Damascus to 
Mehemed Ali; this was unnecessary, for the Pasha had pardoned them before 
the arrival of the petition. . ." (75) 

"Alexandria. ~ I share with you a document, which will cause a sensation in 
Europe, it is the command issued by Mehemed Ali, to Sherif-Pasha Gouverneur 
of Damascus on the 30th of August 1840, by which an end is made to the trial 
which has been so often discussed for the past six months. It reads verbatim as 

Firman [i.e. edict or decree] of Mehemed Ali, in reference to the Jews of 

Damascus (76) . 

A representation of the Herren Moses Montefiore and Cremieux has been put 
before Me, which contains their requests and hopes. (118) They were sent to Us by 
the whole population of the Mosaic religion in Europe and implore Us to decree the 

liberation of all their coreligionists who have been arrested and to secure the peace 
of those who, in consequence of the investigations which have been pending over 
the disappearance (!) of the Father Thomas and his servant Ibrahim, have taken 
flight. And because We hold it not advisable on account of their great number 
in the population to reject this request, so We command, all Jews who are 
incarcerated be set free; as concerns those who have left their hearth, so I will, that 
the greatest security for returning home be granted them. Each one of them shall go 
again to his trade or business and as formerly be able to carry on his customary 
work. I will, that they be totally secure from any contesting [of his order]. This is 
Our Will." 

The Jewish correspondent out of Alexandria gives this commentary of the decision: 
"It emerges from this document, that through the mere presence and through the 
moral influence of the deputation sent by the European Jews the lives of the 
unfortunate prisoners were saved, and the Jews can feel themselves sufficiently 
rewarded for their commendable zeal, although they have received no complete 
satisfaction for the disgrace done them. . . to the Jewish emissaries the evaluation 
must be given, that they spared no effort to enable Mehemed Ali to make a regular 
investigation and a legitimate procedure. Mehemed Ali recognized right well the 
justified demands of the offended Jews. . ." 

In the edict of Mehemed Ali there is nothing mentioned of any sort of additionally 
demonstrated innocence or unjust treatment of the accused, no word about any 
possible errors having crept into the procedure of the trial, and indeed, in the 
session of the chamber on 10 July 1840 the French Minister-President Thiers 
repeated on inquiry his many-times given declaration that, after he had studied the 
entire procedure of the investigation as carefully as possible, he had found no cause 
to make the slightest reproach to the French Consul as judge of the 

The criminals were let loose and those who had taken flight at the beginning of the 
investigation proceedings were formally invited to return. 

When Mehemed Ali imparted his decision to the waiting Cremieux, the latter 
exclaimed: "Your Highness is at this moment as great as Napoleon!" Which did not 
hinder the chief captain of Judah from throwing him on the scrap heap a short time 
later as an "outlawed rebel," because there was no longer any use for him. 

On Sunday evening the next day the three synagogues of Alexandria resounded 
with wishes for blessings for Mehemed Ali. . ., Austria also was remembered, the 
Emperor, Prince Metternich, as well as the gentlemen Laurin and Merlato, how 
in general all agents of this power supported us in the most remarkable way." ~ 
Naturally England was also "payed the tribute of gratitude " (77) . 

Despite this, the advocate Cremieux was not entirely satisfied with the text of the 
Order of Release; he expressed the intention of still demanding from the Pasha a 
declaration to the effect that the accusation of blood-guilt was a slander ~ even 
this "Declaration of Honor" was accomplished! 

"By the way, our projected journey to Damascus is no longer really necessary, 
since the prisoners have been released", wrote Cremieux in conclusion from 

Alexandria ~ Judah had wrested a shining triumph! 

"The Jews were finally freed more than anything else through the intervention of 
England, Austria and also of the Prussian Consul in Alexandria." (78) 

A few years later, one of the most knowledgeable men on the subject of the Talmud 
and the Jewish world in general, the former Rabbi Simon Drach, who later crossed 
over to Christianity, wrote the following sentence heavy with significance: "The 
murderers of Father Thomas, convicted of their crime, have nevertheless eluded 
vengeance by means of the efforts of the Jews of all (!) nations; in this case 
money played the largest role." (79) 

(120) ". . .and because the children of Israel from Europe came to Egypt on their 
journey, a thick veil has been drawn over this bloody scene." (80) 

"Justice has lost its way. "(81} 

But the truth is still proclaimed today by a plain grave slab in the church of the 
Capuchins at Damascus in whose cemetery the remains of the Father Thomas 
were buried. The grave's inscription, composed in Arabic and Italian, reads: 

Qui riposano le ossa del P. Tomaso da Sardegna, Missionario Apostolico 

assassinato dagli ebrei il giorno 5 difebbraio del 1840. 

Here rest the bones of the apostolic missionary Father Thomas of Sardinia, 

who on the 5th of February 1840 was murdered by the Jews. [It will come as 
small surprise to the reader to be told that this plaque has since been replaced by 
one which makes craven allusions to the supposed innocence of the Jews.] 

The Jewish deputation stayed on for some time still in the East. One must seize 
one's opportunities. Under an agreement with the Vice-Regent of Egypt, Mehemed 
Ali, Jewish schools were established in Cairo and Alexandria, which then in later 
years through the Alliance Israelite Universelle were extended to hundreds of 
locations in the Near East according to plan and were supported on a continuing 
basis by large sums (82) , in order to prepare intellectually and economically the 
political resumes of the Jews of Egypt, Syria, and Turkey; as final goal of a 
politically central location, these Jews already had in mind the creation of (at least 
in vague outline) an independent territory. It is entirely possible, that the disputes 
between Mehemed Ali and the Gates [Note: "the Gates" or "High Gates" refers to 
the autocratic government in Constantinople, in other words the chief authority of 
the Ottoman Empire; by the start of WWl, this "Empire" had shrunk to a husk and 
was referred to as the "Sick Old Man of Europe."], which had reached their zenith 
in the year 1840 and ended with the defeat of the former, were artfully stoked by 
these swindlers who knew all the tricks of the political trade, in the hope that they 
might come closer to their goals thereby. In any event the long duration of the stay 
of the Jewish chiefs in the East is suspicious. (121) Montefiore also turned up in 
Constantinople ~ a topic to which we will return. As it emerges from a highly 
informative letter of the Jewish Orientalist appointed to the Royal Library at Paris, 
Munck, sent from Cairo on 2 October 1840 to his mother, the Jewish children in 

these Jewish schools typically had to learn, besides Hebrew, Arabic, French and 
Italian as well as geography and arithmetic; the necessary Talmud instruction then 
rounded out the training of those feared Jewish elements, who systematically 
brought into their own hands the whole shift of East- West intercourse and thereby 
insinuated themselves into the sphere of high politics. It goes without saying that 
these dangers were not recognized by the governments of the individual nations or, 
respectively, were not permitted to be recognized. In subsequent time these Jewish 
Consuls performed the most valuable service to Jewry also in quashing further 
cases of ritual murder ~ the Jewish money invested in the Jewish schools had 
thoroughly paid for itself. It is an irony of political history , which is so rich in bad 
jokes, that the collections taken in conjunction with the (for example) "Christian" 
meetings arranged in London were remitted, among others, to these very Talmud- 

At about the end of October 1840 Cremieux and Montefiore took leave from each 
other in Egypt: the "attorney" traveled directly back to Europe to "give his report," 
while Sir Moses Montefiore surfaced in Constantinople. He had ~ according to a 
report of the Journal des Debats — "brought along residents from Damascus and 
Rhodes, in order to have an appeal of the charges lodged there against the 
Israelites heard before the Tribunal of the Grand Vizier" ~ to be well noted is the 
fact that: it is not a question of an appeal of the judgment, for this had occurred 
long ago to the satisfaction of world Jewry, but the charges as such, that is, that 
anyone at all had dared to designate the murderers by name, was supposed to be 
subsequently declared null and void! "As reliable reports show. Father Thomas is 
not supposed to be dead at all." It says further in the report of the Paris paper: "As 
soon as the political situation (122) allows it, he (Montefiore) wants to proceed to 
Damascus and Jerusalem and settle there, if he succeeds in founding a kind of 
Republic. Lord Ponsonby paid him (Montefiore) a visit. . ." Very interesting: 
England and Judah already had dark plans there in Palestine and Syria; [This is 
especially interesting due to the subsequent history ~ e.g., the British Balfour 
Declaration, etc.... and, of course, the events just 4 or 5 years after this was written, 
with the founding of "Israel."] This news, which in its main points is also 
confirmed elsewhere, is one of the most significant things in the Damascus story 
(83) ." 

"The newly-born kingdom of Mehemet Ali threatens to crash, the coastal regions 
of Syria and with it also Palestine's are already under the occupation of the Four 
Powers, and Damascus, the theater of the sad story, has already declared itself 
together with Aleppo for the Sultan. Mehemet Ali is declared an outlaw and put 
under ban as a rebel, his army, created and assembled with difficulty, and the 
single prop and core of his power, is demoralized, and the provinces and 
nationalities which were torn away are placing themselves with joy under the 
protection of the Sultan. . ." And this Sultan was now showered with the same 
disgusting flattery which just a few weeks before his great opponent, the Vice- 
Regent of Egypt, had requited with "a pleased smile"! Jewry sniffed an inheritance 
, for, as it reads: "Also the Jews of Palestine, Syria, and Arabia are an already 
highly significant nationality in relation to their great number in the great 
Kingdom of the Halfmoon." Montefiore seemed in those days to already have seen 
himself as governor of Jewry in Syria and Palestine; in no case should one 
underestimate these early Montefioran political strivings in their historical 

significance! (84) 

After his final departure the Jewish influence was so firmly grounded "in the great 
Kingdom of the Halfmoon" through an explicit Firman (85) of the Sultan Abdul 
Meschid, that (123)those areas of the East, in which human life already counted for 
nothing, immediately became a Dorado for numberless blood murders. (86) 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Damascus 1840 

Page 4 

(p. 123) 

At the beginning of December Cremieux, on his trip back to Paris, reached Vienna 
"after an endless triumphal progress," where he was swamped "with tributes." 
Price Metternich and all his old acquaintances received "the defender of offended, 
abused Humanity. . .with distinction." The Vienna Jewish community arranged, to 
thank him, "a banquet in the hotel fit for a Roman Emperor, the like of which not 
many had been seen of equal magnificence." ~ "The general enthusiasm extended 
also to the Jewish women's circle in the tasteful arrangement of the celebration, 
which in particular the Frauen Nanette Edle v. Wetheimstein, Louise Edle 
Wertheimstein and Regine Biedermann had managed. . ." (87) Jew Manheimer 
handed over to his Jewish chief an address of gratitude of his community, written 
upon parchment and with a golden cover set with brilliantine," which was also read 
aloud. The report concerning this reception contains such numerous typical as well 
as informative details, that it should be added to the Appendix in its unabridged 
text. (88) After "toasts were proposed with great enthusiasm to the Emperor and the 
entire Imperial house and to the Prince State-Chancellor (Metternich), and to the 
Consuls of the great powers who rendered assistance in this cause of Justice and 
Humanity, and the celebration was inscribed so indissolubly in the emotions of the 
Israelite population through many significant features," Cremieux Triumphator 
traveled back to Paris on the 9th of December 1840. In Furth, appropriately, a 
magnificent edition of the book of Esther was presented to him (89) [The reader's 
attention is called to the rather pointed contents of that book, which contains the 
story of Jewish revenge. which Haman, along with his 10 sons, is hanged by 
Esther and her consort.] In Frankfurt a.M. "Herr Cremieux also honored our 
citizens and high-school children with his presence. . ." 

But Sir Moses also entered London again after long "diplomatic" (124) stay in 
Constantinople; Here there occurred for him the honor unattainable for the ordinary 
Englishman, of being received personally by the Queen. Paul Nathan mentions 
with a sense of pride this detail, which by itself speaks volumes, in the foreword to 
his sorry and Talmudic piece of work about Tisza-Eszldr which appeared in 1892, : 
". . .thus it was natural that Montefiore was given special distinctions, when he 
returned home from Egypt after a happily concluded mission in this affair. Queen 

Victoria of England received him personally and as a special sign of her favor in 
recognition of his position and his success in Alexandria, bestowed upon him the 
privilege of bearing supporters to his arms." [In heraldry, this consists of (usually) 
human figures which are displayed outside of the escutcheon proper and signify an 
enhancement of the family's distinction.] 

Cremieux in Paris again ~ Montefiore back in London, the blessing of Yahweh, 
which the Rabbis in the synagogues had beseeched, had indeed proven successful! 
Both had returned as the uncrowned heads of their people, of whom the Jew 
Mendelssohn wrote in an open letter from Paris as an Epilogue to " this sad drama 
in Damascus" (90) : "Though dispersed to all points of the globe, in our century 
also Israel is still one people! Was it not, as if the poisoned dagger of that 
accusation had struck at but one man, but one heart? Did not those terrible events 
prove that a magically powerful bond winds itself about us irrefutably from pole to 
pole? Like one single voice Israel rose, from North Germany to free America far 
across the ocean and defended, strong in its conscience, the purity of the Mosaic 

The Seed Sprouts 

into 17 


■'4%-''^~^^y^^^i^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ Gentile peoples, who 
" "" ' ^ " of course still existed, did not 
^'^"^i ^"'^'l become too shocked over this 
fe %^^^ "purity of the Mosaic Law," and 
Lvy--„ ^:^f-^^ since on the other hand, the huge 
' ■■^' -"^ excitement over the ritual crimes 
of Damascus in the whole world 
of culture despite the "thick veil 
which had been drawn over this 
bloody scene," tended never to 
entirely die down. Eastern Jews 
who had immigrated to America 
had by 1843 already founded as 
an organization for warding off 
["defamation", etc.], the Order 
"B'nai Brith," which however 
(125) was soon operating under 
the familiar cloak of "purely 
humanitarian aims": "to foster the 
ideals of humanity ~ of charity, 
brotherly love and harmony, and 
under the strictest maintenance of 
the most loyal and patriotic 
attitude" pushed Jewish world 
politics (91) in grand style and in 
, divided the "world to be liberated and still to be conquered" 

In Germany, too, "District VIII", this giant Jewish organization, which weighed 

down upon the world like an octopus, encysted itself under tolerance of the 
authorities with numerous lodges; since 1906 there existed between B'nai Brith and 
German Free Masonry a "relationship of friendship." Every year the Order 
awarded a golden medal as the highest distinction to men or women who, during 
the course of the year, achieved "the most significant deed in the interest of Jewry." 
Among those decorated were, for example, the North American President Taft, 
who had designated the Jews as the "aristocray of the human race, as excellent 
citizens of the State and the best Republicans." Obviously the present President of 
the United States, Roosevelt, also received the highest medal of the Hebrews, 
presented by a dignified committee! (93) 

Now it is very interesting to note that the Order B'nai Brith until our day 
collaborated most closely with the World alliance of the "Alliance Israelite 
Universelle" (AIU) founded in 1860 in Paris; the downright crushing position of 
power of this giant international Jewish entangler has shown itself, fitted out with 
the wealthiest financial means, especially in the quashing of ritual murder trials, 
as on the other hand the total impotence of the state organs of authority, which had 
to step all the more timidly, were, moreover, for the most part still dependent upon 
Finance- Jews! 

Three years after the blood-murders of Damascus and Rhodes, almost 
simultaneously ritual-murders of children were reported in Corfu, once again in 
Rhodes, (126)and at several other places (94) . 

From the more recent times the following crimes occur: 

1880: Jews in Alexandria killed a child of a ship captain from the island of Cyprus 
in the father's absence. From the child the blood, unto the last drops, had been 
withdrawn by opening the veins. The father was not allowed to return to 
Alexandria to bury his child. The Jewish perpetrators were not prosecuted (95) . 

1881: The Jews again slaughtered a child in Alexandria at the beginning of April, 
the Greek boy Evangelio Fornarachi. The corpse, found on the beach near the sea 
empty of blood, pierced and resembling a wax statue, was laid out in state for 
several days by the parents, which gave rise to a riot against the Jews. Several 
thousand soldiers out of Cairo placed the city in a state of siege. Although the 
crime was obvious, only "the possibility of murder" was pronounced by an 
international commission of the Consuls of France, Germany, Italy, Austria, and 
Greece, and the Baruch family, strongly suspected of the murder was placed on 
"provisional freedom" ! (96) 

Edouard Drumont reports in his work La France juive {91) the following blood- 
murders of Gentile children from the Ghetto of Constantinople: 

1882: At Balata a child was enticed into a Jewish house; more than 20 people saw 
the child go in. On the following day the blood-empty body was found in the 
Golden Horn area. The result was a riot by the people. A very short time later an 
entirely similar case occurred in Galata. Serouios, the most respected attorney of 
the Greek community, (127) directed a petition to the representatives of the 
Christian powers of Europe, to obtain justice. The Turkish police, bribed by Jews, 

allowed the documents to disappear; the ecumenical Patriarchate declared by 
means of bribed physicians "on signal from above" the mother of the stolen and 
slaughtered child to be "mentally disturbed" and offered her a "pension" with 
Jewish money as "compensation" for her child! 

1883: Ritual-murder in Galata. The police chief in Pera and the police 
commissioner in Galata were bribed and hindered the investigation. The paper 
Stambul which had energentically acted against the guilty, was silenced with 
140,000 francs. 

1885: In Mit-Kamer in Egypt a young Copt was slaughtered on the occasion of 
the Jewish Easter holiday (98) . 

1890: On Easter Monday (!) of this year the boy Henry of the French family 
Abdelnour in Damascus became missing as of nine in the morning. Suspicion fell 
upon a Jewess, but the mother was prevented from searching there for her child. 
Instead, the Turkish authorities ordered house searches at the mother's and her 
neighbors under the pretense that the child had been hidden by relatives in order to 
be able to accuse the Jews of child-kidnapping. On the 21st of April 1890 agents of 
the authorities appeared with instructions to search a well in the neighborhood, to 
see whether the child perhaps had drowned. Without first visiting the wells of 
other houses, the officials immediately headed for a wagon-shed at the entrance of 
the Jewish Quarter. Located there was a long unused water-shaft sealed with a 
heavy stone. The officials perceived the smell of decay and the corpse of the child 
was lifted out of the well. Since boots and clothing were put on incorrectly, a crime 
was presumed and an autopsy (128) arranged. The child's body, transported to the 
Military Hospital, was examined by twenty military and civilian physicians. The 
result reads: The child was thrown into the well, after the blood had been drawn 
out of him by the artery of the right hand. The doctors thereupon amputated the 
arm at the elbow and were preparing it. Suddenly a representative of the 
authorities, a wall (office manager), demanded the report of the physicians. The 
civilian doctors were dismissed by him with the words: "We no longer need your 
services, go outside and don't come back in!" 

On the following day the military physicians stated that no blood had been 
withdrawn from the arm, the child had fallen into the well and drowned! In the 
night after this declaration the child ~ without his relatives having been informed ~ 
was literally buried. Guards were set at his grave, who refused anyone access! The 
Gouverneur of Damascus threatened the family of the child with prison, or 
immediate exile if they should express their suspicion that the child was murdered 
by Jews. Thereupon the relatives turned to the French government to investigate 
the case. An open letter of a relative of the victim was at that time published in the 
Paris paper Le peuple — without any success! ~ The "case," in the mind of Judah, 
had been "liquidated"! (99) 

1891: On the 27th of June of this year in the neighborhood of Mustapha Pasha the 
corpse of an eight-year-old girl was pulled from the river, which according to the 
statement of the examining physician had lain perhaps 20 days in the water. (129) 
The girl was known as the child of a Christian Greek Orthodox family living in the 
city, and the Greek butcher Stephanos stated that the child had been killed exactly 

according to the methods of slaughtering customarily used by the Jews. Two 

days later, on the 29th of June, the Christian butcher was also murdered and found 
on the shore of the river tied into a sack, and the examination of the corpse yielded 
the fact that the butcher had been killed by piercing with a broad slaughtering 

The conducting of the murder trial was delegated to the Military Gouverneur, Five 
Jewish slaughterers and four Jewish religious officials were arrested as suspected 
of the murder. In order to "pacify" the population, any assembly of men in the city, 
which was occupied in force by the military, was strictly forbidden. A Christian 
journeyman of the slaughterer David made a comprehensive confession. He stated 
to the protocol, that he had been given the task of summoning the butcher 
Stephanos into the house of David, and that then immediately six Jews fell upon 
him and stabbed him to the floor. He then had to take the corpse to the river, after it 
had been sewn into a sack, for which he was paid five pounds. Nothing was 
reported about further inquiries (100) . 

1892: At the time of the Jewish Easter in Port-Said the 85-year-old Jewish prayer- 
leader Carmona enticed the four-year-old Greek girl Helene Vasilios into his 
house, which had also been observed by several witnesses. Carmona saw himself 
forced to let his house be searched by a number of Greeks and by the mother of the 
missing child. After a long time a small, dark dungeon was discovered situated 
near the neighboring Jewish temple. Since this apparently could not be opened, the 
door was knocked in and one saw, after the room had been illuminated sufficiently, 
crouching in the comer an old Jewess who was trying to hide the already critically 
wounded (130) child whose eyes and mouth were bound. The rage of the crowd of 
people knew no limits. The old woman was struck so that she remained 
unconscious; the child succumbed two days later to her wounds which had been 
inflicted with a jagged instrument. The uprising among the Greek population was 
nipped in the bud by the Egyptian and English military. 

Despite this, the Jews of Port-Said sent off a deputation to Cairo to lodge 
complaints with the government over the fact that insufficient protection had been 
given them and that the magistrate of the investigation took up for the Greek side, 
in that he had released from custody several of the Greeks who had taken part in 
the unrest. 

1892: On the Sunday evening before Easter a Jew in the Galata section of 
Constantinople attempted to kidnap a Greek youngster from off the street. This 
had been observed, however, by other children, who informed their parents. The 
child-taker was able to be located. The police took him into custody, where he was 
questioned in the presence of the editor of the official Turkish paper Saadat. By 
order of the paper's censor, however, no local paper was allowed to mention this 
Jewish attempt at kidnapping. 

Several years earlier the son of a type-setter of the already named paper Stambul 
had been kidnapped by Jews; the paper had reported about it and was occupied for 
the duration of three months by order of the Turkish authorities and then went back 
into business under a Jewish editor. (lOl) 

The outrage of the Turkish, Mohammedan as well as Christian classes of the 
population had climbed to the boiling point as a consequence of these events, and 
here and there it came to collisions with Jewish elements who had provoked them 
in full consciousness of their unlimited (131) power. The Greek Archbishop of 
Brussa, Nathanael by name, gave to his lambs on the 15th of April 1893 a thorny 
"pastoral letter" in which it says, among other things(102}: ". . .The nonsensical 
claim (concerning blood-murder), which is found spread by maliciousness, has 
aroused the populace against the Jews, of whom several have been mistreated" ~ 
not a single Jew had been killed by it, while in the past century alone dozens, 
indeed perhaps hundreds of defenseless victims of the Jews had disappeared 
without one "pastoral letter" having taken a position on it! It then says further: ". . 
.these violent acts have been repeated in other parts of our diocese. This barbaric 
way of behaving has filled us with great hurt and anxiety. . .nothing is less in 
keeping with the spirit of our religion than racial hatred (look at this!) and the 
blind fanaticism which arouse the lower passions of the people. Therefore, and 
because we judge the claim, that the Jews slaughter Christian children in order to 
use them for a secret rite, as nonsensical and insane, we advise you paternally to 
refrain from violence against the Jews. Acting against this prohibition will incur 
from us a rebuke and punishment from the Imperial Turkish government. . 
.Blessed are the peaceful, for they shall be called the children of God." Spiritual 
and worldly authority hand in hand for the protection of the Jewish murder-plague! 
The seed of a Montefiore and Cremieux-Schmeerkopp had borne fruit a hundred- 
fold. What to call this Archbishop? Perhaps he originated out of those Jewish 
schools of the East! 

But not only the East had to deliver this blood-payment in the time to follow; how 
secure Jewry had become in this enlightened century of "humanity, civilization, 
and humanitarianism," is shown most impressively by the heavily-documented 
cases which the Jewish Angel of Death imposed upon the states of Europe in 
mockery of all human culture and any kind of community life. From this shame the 
land of poets and thinkers does not remain excluded; what the Jewish-Galician riff- 
raff in alliance with its Free masonic auxiliaries has been allowed to accomplish for 
itself, exceeds the powers of human imagination. 

Yet we next have to take a closer look at the circumstances in the most strongly 
Judaized land of Europe next to Poland and Romania, Hungary! 

Go to Chapter 3: Tisza-Eszlar 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Tisza-Eszlar 1882 

Page 1 


In the year 1882 there occurred in the Uttle secluded Hungarian village of Tisza- 
Eszlar a ritual crime which so closely corresponded to the one committed in 
Damascus in 1840, that it was as if a witness to that crime had been present who 
was able to observe the horrifying event of that ritual-slaughter of a human being 
from beginning to end and gave an account of it again to the protocol. At the time, 
Tisza-Eszlar was described as the great turning point in the Jewish Question of 
Hungary and of Europe in general ~ that it did not become so is attributable to a 
not insignificant degree to the methods of the AIU {Alliance Israelite Universelle), 
which had relatively simple work in the already vastly Judaized Hungary. 

In the second half of the past [19th] century, Hungary was glutted with a flood of 
the worst type of Jewish sub-humanity, the fanatically Orthodox Chassidim (2) , 
who were immigrating from the "European mass- warehouse of Jewry(l)," Galicia. 
Political upheaval made an inconspicuous penetration possible for this riff-raff; 
how these circumstances affected that village on the TheiB, is still to be dealt with. 

On 8 April 1875, the Representative Victor Istoczy put an Interpellation to the 
Ministry [i.e., an objection on question of policy, etc.] in the Hungarian House of 
Representatives, the gist of which was that in all of Europe no State existed in 
which the Jewish element possessed a greater influence and a greater power than in 
Hungary. Istoczy asked the following question: "Has the government the intention 
of putting a dam in the path of the flood of Jews immigrating to Hungary? Would 
it put obstacles in the path of a peaceful movement on the part of the native 
population for self-defense? Is the government even thinking of taking a position 
on the Jewish Question (136) at all, or of persisting in its politics of complete 
neutrality and indifference?" 

The Hungarian Minister-President Baron Bela Wenkheim thereupon replied: "The 
government is no opponent of any sort of movement which pursues a constructive 
trend; but it would be compelled to adopt a hostile position toward any movement 
which aims at disturbing the peaceful understanding between the churches and 
[religious] denominations existing in the nation or the citizens who belong to them 
and the mutual respect for civil rights. Since the law of 1867 declares the equality 

of rights of the Israelites with all other citizens of the nation, the government 
recognizes no such thing as a Jewish Question and is unable to recognize such a 
thing, and thus takes no position toward it whatsoever. . ." (3) 

President Koloman v. Tisza, his successor who came into his own in this year, 
adopted the way of thinking of his predecessor, to the complete satisfaction of 
World Jewry. 

First of all, the facts should be established that an entire chain of similarly 
featured crimes preceded the blood-sacrifice of the year 1882 in that region ~ 
crimes which came off as secretly and unpunished as the general and nearly 
hopeless Judafication of Hungary which was beginning already in this period. 
According to the report of Onody, the following blood-murders preceded the ritual- 
murder of Tisza-Eszlar: 

1. On the eve of the Jewish Feast of Atonement (15 September) of the year 1875, 
there were numerous, mostly foreign Jews assembled on the property of their racial 
comrade Horowitz at Zboro (in the Saroser Comitat), and the ritual slaughterer was 
already called in. They fell upon the unsuspecting sixteen-year-old serving maid 
Hanna Zamba, threw her to the ground, undressed her and began, under the 
murmuring of Hebrew "prayers," the rite of butchering. (137) At this moment, a 
carter stopped before the house of the Jew and demanded admittance in order to 
conclude a delayed transaction. The Jews scattered. The girl, nearly frightened to 
death, escaped by wading through a highly swollen stream and thus shook off her 
pursuers. At her cries for help two women rushed to her side, who later affirmed 
under oath the statements of the girl. As a result of the fear of death she had 
endured, the girl became critically ill and in April 1876 this victim of an attempted 
ritual-crime succumbed to her suffering. On her deathbed the girl took an oath once 
more to the statement she had given earlier, before her father, the mother-in-law, 
the Catholic sacristan and several inhabitants of the place, that on the eve of the 
Jewish Festival of Atonement in the year 1875 in the house Number 165C at 
Zboro, the ritual-slaughterer of the Jewish religious congregation there 
wanted to slaughter her in the presence of several Jews. 

The complaint was presented at the judicial bureau. The sitting judge Winkler, 
who had full responsibility but who was friendly to the Jews and had already been 
either bribed or intimidated, tried at first to appease the complainants with fine 
words and to keep them from any further steps to go forward with the proceedings; 
since this attempt failed, he moved on to threats that he would have the 
"slanderers" locked up because they weren't able to prove their accusations. In this 
simple manner, the investigation petered out. As the Hungarian parliamentary 
representative v. Onody determined, this famous lord did not think it at all 
necessary to give the documents to the district court at Szwidnik, as it should have 
been his duty to do. 

2. Two years later, in 1877, in the village of Szalacs in the immediate vicinity of 
the Per region, where in 1791 a ritual-crime likewise occurred (4), there was a 
double ritual-murder of two children. In the registry of deaths of the Szalacs 
Roman Catholic church, one reads under the date of 13 June 1877, on page 70 of 
Volume II: "Emerich, son of the late Peter Szabo and his spouse Rosalie Keleman, 

nine years old, was murdered and on 15 June 1877 laid to eternal rest by the priest 
Franz Kubowitz. (138) Therese, child of the same parents, six years old, was 
murdered and and buried by the same pastor. . ." 

Behind these matter-of-fact words no one expects a ritual-crime, yet that is the 
case: The foster-parents had to work at their fields on 13 June and left both 
children with their Jewish brother-in-law Josef Klee until their return. The latter 
presented the children with a few Kreuzer with the instructions to buy something 
sweet for themselves at the small store of the shopkeeper Jew Ehrenfeld. Toward 
evening the siblings set out for the Jew's, and from thence onward, despite 
desperate searches, they remained missing. 

When the sexton of the place walked to church the next morning, he noticed at the 
house of the Jew Alexander Ehrenfeld conspicuous traces of blood in the sand, 
which extended along the wall of the yard to a wagon shed perhaps 50 steps 
distant. Furthermore, the coachman of Ehrenfeld stated that on the evening before 
(13 June) he had seen the two children playing together as they sat in the archway 
of the door of his master; at the same time he related that on the same evening and 
all through the night approximately forty strange Jews were making quite a 
spectacle of themselves and unceasingly went in and out. After three days a 
penetrating odor was spreading from the coach-house. The bodies of both missing 
children were discovered jammed into a large equipment case, no longer in use, for 
a fire-engine. The Jews managed, through some sort of subversion, that the autopsy 
was performed not by the physician of the region, von Szekely-Hid, but by a 
Jewish doctor. The children's bodies had gaping stab wounds on the neck and all 
blood had been withdrawn from the bodies. When the foster-mother, Anna 
Szabo, was led to the bodies, she was seized by convulsions and later died insane. 
The brother-in-law Josef Klee said to his wife on the night after the bestial crime: 
"I pity the poor children; the girl did die right away, but the boy had a long death- 
struggle." These words were heard by the stable hand sitting on a bench under the 
opened window of the Klee residence. Josef Klee was arrested but soon set free 
again without the judicial authorities making further inquiries. (139)The 
Protocol composed by the Jewish doctor was kept secret; yet the judge said quite 
openly to anyone who wished to hear it, that the necks of both children had been 
cut through leaving gaping wounds and all blood had been withdrawn from 
the bodies. 

3. Not fewer than three similar cases occurred with the same role of the Jewish 
doctor in 1879 at Tallya in the Zempliner Comitat, in 1880 at Komom, and in 
1881 at Kaschau, where the daughter of the master binder Josef Kocsis suddenly 
disappeared under mysterious circumstances and was found after two weeks 
ritually butchered in a well and without any volume of blood. Geza v. Onody 
determined that: "Striking and at the same time characteristic is the fact that all the 
children who were lost had belonged to the lower classes of the people, were the 
children of poor people from whom the Jews could presume that their 
disappearance would excite no particular attention. In no single case did the 
children of well-off families disappear, from whom it was to be expected that they - 
- in case a child of theirs became missing ~ would institute the most zealous 
official investigations." 

Thus in the years 1878, 1879, 1880, and 1881, in the western Hungarian city 
Steinamanger, four girls disappeared, one after the other in regular fashion before 
the Jewish feast days or before the Passover festival, namely, two girls, in service 
with the Jews to do cleaning, whose parents lived in the country, the daughter of a 
poor shoemaker and the small eight-year-old daughter of a coachman working as 
servant to Jews, all of whom no trace was ever found. In all four cases the judicial 
investigation was immediately initiated, well-founded suspicion directed against 
the Jews, but the investigations were just as quickly dropped again as 

4. In the year 1879 the following case was reported from Piros in the Batsch- 
Bodrogher Comitat: The Jewish owner of a large estate, Herman GroBmann 
attempted (as could be proved) for months to lure the fifteen-year-old and 
strikingly pretty and robust daughter of the farmhand Peter Sipos into his employ 
with every kind of suspicious promises, but the parents flatly refused. Since (140) 
GroBmann, with Jewish obtrusiveness brought up his request over and over again, 
and the parents of the girl feared the vengeance of the Jew, they finally consented 
under the condition that their daughter Lidi at first should join the Jewish 
household as a maid only for one month. That was on 1 1 October 1879. Four days 
later, the parents learned by chance that their daughter had disappeared. When 
cornered, the Jew GroBmann suddenly declared that the body of the girl was 
"possibly" to be looked for in a branch of the Franzen-Canal, the Turr-Canal; on 
21 October, thus a week after the disappearance, the girl was actually pulled from 
the designated section of the canal by means of a long iron rake. The body was 
clothed only in a short slip. The findings of the autopsy yielded the information 
that the body could not possibly have lain in the water for six days and death by 
drowning was excluded. Those present came to the conclusion that Lidi Sipos had 
died an unnatural death. Thereupon the conducting of the investigation was 
proposed for district judge Peak at Neusalz, which the latter flatly declined! 
Further, the issuing of a copy of the physician's autopsy results to the parents 
was denied . 

The coachman of the Jew stated before witnesses that his master had ordered him, 
on the day in question (15 October), to Neusalz on a flimsy pretext. When he was 
about to harness the horse in the stall the night after his return, he heard suspicious 
noises and rumbling in the cellar underneath the stable building. When he 
communicated his perceptions to GroBman that same night, the latter was startled 
and instructed him to go to his sleeping place immediately. A few days later the 
coachman was discharged from service. The country doctors who had performed 
the post mortem examination, stated the following concerning the death of the girl: 
Above the navel was a taler-sized circular wound, under the nose a wound 
which went very deep was discernable; the victim had probably been hung up 
on a hook which had been driven into the flesh at the latter place [i.e., the 
nose] and the blood had been siphoned off from the strange wound at the 

(141) No sort of slaughtering cut could be discovered ~ that this was again a ritual- 
crime nevertheless, was confirmed by the case of a Budapest girl, from whom 
blood had been tapped off, still before the Tisza-Eszlar case had become known; 
the only difference was that this victim got away with her life. The girl, employed 

as a servant by a Jew in the Budapest Jewish Quarter, Theresienstadt, reported that 
directly before the Purim festival (14 February) she had been drugged unconscious 
(5) , so that she first reawakened after an entire day. After she came to, she felt so 
"smashed" that she could barely stand up, and felt strange pains in her limbs. When 
she inspected her body, she found on her right upper arm, on her left thigh, and 
above her navel similar round, blood-red spots, in the middle of each of which 
was a small opening. She assumed that the Jews had sucked out a large quantity of 
blood during her death-like sleep and she left their service because of this. 

The hair of the corpse of Lidi was disheveled and tangled and so mixed with straw 
from bedding, that the two female attendants [preparing the body for burial] had 
difficulty arranging her hair in order. All of this led to the conclusion of a desperate 
struggle of the girl, attacked in her bed by a band of Jewish murderers. The district 
judge Peak prevented a judicial investigation. 

The report issued by the authorities, concerning the disappearance and the 
discovery of the body of Lidi Sipos reads: "The undersigned authorities hereby 
officially attest: that the fifteen-year-old daughter, Lidi, of the local resident Peter 
Sipos, after she had entered on 1 1 October 1879 the service of Jew Hermann 
GroBmann, a resident here, disappeared on 15 October of the same year and that 
the body of the girl was found, after a long search, on 21 October on the ground of 
the so-called Turr-Canal. ~ Piros, 31 May 1882. Johann Feher m.p. Judge, Julius 
Zsigmond m.p. Notary, Georg Mayer m.p. Sworn Witness." 

5. Directly before the Jewish Easter of the year 1882, (142) the Jew Leopold 
Griinwald, who lived in the Kovacsi Comitat in Barser, sent the seventeen-year- 
old Barbara Kleeman, a Zipser Saxon girl who was in service to him, late in the 
evening to the neighboring village of Peszer, on the pretext that she might fetch 
back home a bag of money he had left there in the inn. In the taproom of this 
remotely situated house, there were only two guests present: the brother of 
Griinwald and the local ritual slaughterer. The girl, who sensed a trap, made to turn 
around to leave, but her master, who had followed right behind her, blocked her 
exit. The three Jews threw the girl to the floor, undressed her and bound her. Yet 
before they could stick a gag in her mouth, the girl gave out a piercing shout for 
help. Her elder sister, who was in service at this inn, pushed the door in and tried to 
set the unfortunate girl free. During the scuffle, the victim dragged herself out into 
the street, where she was found by the inhabitants running up; the rescuers 
immediately fell upon the Jews, who were beaten within an inch of their lives. 

The district court at Aranyos-Maroth acquitted the gang, since the accused Jews 
had all stated under oath that they had only wanted to subject the girl Barbara to a 
body-search, since she had pilfered the money bag from her master! 

Four days after this failed attempted murder, the ritual-murder sacrifice in Tisza- 
Eszlar occurred. 

In Tisza-Eszlar was the wealthy Hungarian Reichstag representative, Geza von 
Onody; it is to him we owe the precise notes which he was able to make right on 
the spot. But the work of Onody is especially valuable for still another reason: in 
his capacity as representative it was possible for him to be able to inspect the 
documents of the preliminary examination. He did, indeed, make generous use 

of it, so that he was able to utiUze the protocols in their complete text, even with 
indication of the reference numbers. His writing, which brought to light irrefutable 
material, should have called the attention of the entire civilized world to the 
monstrous Jewish danger. It appeared in the Hungarian language in December 
1882 under the title: (143)Tisza-Eszldr in the Past and Present — and in the 
shortest time was bought up by Jews and disappeared. The same fate befell the 
German translation, which was taken in hand by his personal friend and liaison 
officer to German comrades-in-arms, the knight Georg von Marczianyi and 
already in 1883 appeared in Budapest. In fact, only a few copies remain of even 
this translation, which possess the cultural-historical value of rarities. Incidentally, 
Georg von Marczianyi himself published in the summer of 1883, during the 
judicial preliminary examination, a treatise about this blood-murder: Esther 
Solymosi. This publication had the task of uncovering the Jewish machinations and 
intrigues, in order to bring about orderly judicial proceedings; this broadside has 
also been translated into German (M. Schulze, Berlin, 1882). The Jews were not 
able to do anything against the publications of both the Hungarians ~ thus the 
Jewish press worked all the more intensively to weaken their effect. 

Exactly 50 years later, in 1932, the then judge of the investigation. Dr. Josef Bary, 
who later became President of the Hungarian Supreme Court, published in 
Budapest his recollections of this trial in a volume of 612 pages. Unfortunately his 
Tisza-Eszldr Criminal Trial could not be included in the composition of this 
chapter, since the notes of Bary are only available in Hungarian {"a tiszaeszldri 
bUnper" — Budapest, 1933). A German translation would be very desirable, since 
without a doubt there would be very informative material there! 

The Jewish smoke-screen artist, Paul Nathan(6) ~ we have (144) have already 
introduced him in the foreword and will still have to deal with him in detail ~ 
disposed of this "case" too ~ to be on the safe side, though, some ten years 
afterward. He counted on the memory of non- Jewish humanity, insofar as it 
pertained to its own most innate interests, being a bad one, for the accounts of 
Onody and Marczianyi were pushed aside ~ and the articles of a veritable forest of 
Jewish newspapers overgrew and smothered every national impulse opposed to the 

In 1892 there appeared in Berlin Der Prozefi von Tisza-Eszldr {The Trial of Tisza- 
Eszldr^ of this Paul Nathan. This concoction, numbering 400-pages, is a 
sophisticated Talmudic master-performance; one cannot suppress a smile now and 
then, at how this young Talmudist, who moreover had been distinguished with the 
highest dignity by a German university (Heidelberg), begins to additionally 
adulterate the impact of the documentary and factual material and at the end has 
gone so far with this that the honest reader, who has no notion of these disgraceful 
intentions and, after all, is not even able to have any such notion, can take note of 
one more example of how the poor and innocent "fellow-citizens of the Mosaic 
persuasion," of whose restless urge toward activity he could convince himself 
daily, had to suffer under the suspicions of "anti-Semitic hotspurs." Thus does Paul 
Nathan bluster, also ~ one sees him, speaking almost with his hands: "But an entire 
book would have to be written, in order to demonstrate in all its details the 
repulsive corruption, the limitless dishonesty, the blind hatred, the tower-high 
frivolity, which have been employed without hesitation by the anti-Semites, in 

order not to have to give up their accusations of ritual-murder." 

But we will keep to the judicially and historically certified facts of the case, even if 
we run the danger, in so doing, of being by no means convinced of Jewish 
innocence, because our (145) "mental disposition prevents this" (Nathan in his 
"Preface," p. vi!). 

Tisza-Eszlar, a modest little village of the Szabolcser Comitat situated on the upper 
TheiB, had hardly a dozen Jews to show before the year 1848, but a few decades 
later there were already 200, most of them elements fleeing from military service 
and smuggled across the Russian border with the aid of the Jewish secret 
organizations (Kahal) — elements which now "work with tireless industry and 
never-slackening perseverance at the labor of exploitation and for the material as 
well as moral ruination of their non- Jewish fellow-citizens" (Geza v. Onody). 

As already mentioned, the region of Hungary lying between the Danube and the 
TheiB and including the nation's capital (7), had been flooded with the most 
disgusting sort of kaftan-draped Galician Jews. J.G. Bogrow, himself a Jew, 
describes in his Memoiren eines Juden [Memoirs of a /^w]_(8}, which appeared in 
1880 in St. Petersburg, his own view of this type as follows (p. 313): "In the 
gloomy, filthy antechamber. . .stood a ragged Jew of low stature with a puffy, 
wrinkled face, with a red beard mixed with gray, and long, glued-together red 
peyes (earlocks). The folds of his over-sized kaftan, with holes and tears of every 
size and shape, were bordered with a broad crust of dried excrement from the 
streets, which formed an entirely unique fringe and tassel on the torn edges [of his 
garment]. At first glance one would take this man for a beggar of the basest type" ~ 
but he was a person distinguished with positions of confidence! 

(146)Tisza-Lok, which is located in the direct vicinity of Tisza-Eszlar, had 
developed into a kind of Little Jerusalem, in which the non- Jewish portion of the 
populace was menaced ~ in the full meaning of the word ~ in its physical as well 
as mental existence. The Jews of Tisza-Lok had the reputation among their co- 
religionists of "holiness" and maintained continuous and very active ties with the 
Polish- Galician Chassidim, But the threads of all ritual-crimes in that region 
stretch beyond the Carpathians, toward Galicia, and just as the command-posts of 
the Polna (1898/99) and Konitz (1900) blood-murders are also certifiably to be 
sought in that dark and horrible ghetto of Europe, one can indeed simply speak of 
an organized Jewish secret service, which determines the time and location for the 
ritual slaughter of a human being, puts together a detachment of Jews, instructs the 
ritual-slaughterers of various Jewish communities and arranges for the murder gang 
to vanish again without a trace. If, due to unforseen circumstances, this plan does 
not go off without problems, as, for example, at Tisza-Eszlar, then the World 
organization of Jewry, the AIU, whose specialty became the quashing of trials, 
steps forward into action all the more successfully. In any event, the carrying out of 
the murder and the non-punishment of the murderers seem to be sufficiently 

After the failure at Kovacsi in the Barser Comitat, Tisza-Eszlar had been 
designated to furnish the blood-toll. 

Esther Solymosi 

On 1 April 1882, in the early afternoon, the peasant woman Andreas Huri was 
hurrying through the long stretch of the village street and turned in every direction, 
as if she were looking for something. She had sent the fourteen-year-old Esther 
Solymosi (whose mother, a widow, lived in her immediate neighborhood) to a shop 
located at the opposite end of the village, between eleven and twelve o'clock, to 
buy paint. The road to the store-keeper Kohlmayer led the girl past an uncultivated, 
larger area, the village meadow, on whose western side, near the dam of the TheiB, 
rose the synagogue, a spacious building which stood isolated. This Jewish temple 
was not located, therefore, (147) within the enclosed row of village properties, but 
stood on open country and was thus never closely observable from the direct 
neighborhood. This circumstance is important and was one of the determining 
factors in the selection of Tisza-Eszlar for the slaughtering-place. 

The girl made use of the street for her path home, until the point of the dam turn- 
off; from there onward she used a field path, which led hard by the back of the 
synagogue ~ probably so she could reach home faster. She paid for this with her 
young life. 

According to the statement of the Christian shop-keeper Josef Kohlmayer, Esther 
very much urged him to hurry while she was making her purchases, "because she 
had to get back home quickly, for the house must be given a fresh coat of 
whitewash before evening." The girl packed up her paints and immediately set out 
on the road home. Shortly before the branch-off, Esther met her seventeen-year-old 
sister Sofie and happily told her that Frau Huri, her god-mother, had promised to 
buy her a new dress and give her five Gulden, so that she might be able to still buy 
herself a pair of shoes for the Easter holidays. . . Then she greeted the local 
magistrate, Josef Papp, who was standing in front of his mill and exchanged a few 
friendly words with him; he was still watching the girl as she made the turn onto 
the path. 

i^J. k^UftiM a; m^wik^ul Ul,^ ^ 

The synagogue in the village of Tisza-Eszlar 

These named here, and a few other witnesses besides, gave their accounts later 

under oath. 

Esther had disappeared as if gone from the surface of the earth ~ and stayed that 
way. Frau Huri started to worry, she assumed at first that Esther was still on her 
way to the store and then stopped in at her mother's. The old lady Solymosi 
reported to the court on this point: "Toward two in the afternoon Frau Huri came 
and said: 'Has her god-mother had anything brought from the vault (of the store) by 
the girl?' The mother was taken aback: 'Is she gone?' Frau Huri: 'She's gone! I sent 
her to fetch paint. . ." (protocol statements). With that, began the tragedy of a 
mother who was crushed by the horrible end of her daughter. 

The Murderers 

The mother, sobbing loudly, searched for her daughter. Her sister, Frau Gabriel 
Solymosi, helped her; they searched until sunset. . .(148) In the direct vicinity of 
the synagogue the wife of the temple servant Scharf addressed them 
hypocritically: "What's wrong with you?" and without waiting for an answer 
continued: "Has Esther become lost? She isn't lost. Possibly a fever took hold of 
her and she's lying about, somewhere." Now Scharf himself put in an appearance 
and got involved in the conversation. The mother of Esther made the following 
declaration about this on the second day of the hearings: "Scharf, the temple 
servant, asked me what was wrong with me; I couldn't speak a word, but my sister, 
Frau Gabriel Solymosi, told him that Frau Huri had sent the girl into the village and 
that no one could find her since then; to that he replied there was no reason to be so 
sad, and there was a similar case in Nanas when he was still a child, and that then, 
too, the Jews were suspected, even their ovens were searched. . ." But these 
Jewish "words of comfort" ~ one can still picture the cunning Jewish faces today ~ 
had the opposite effect: the women became increasingly alarmed, and a terrible 
suspicion tormented them. The Jew Nathan also knew quite well that the Scharf 
couple had committed a major piece of stupidity with their thoughtless chattering. 
That's why, when he comes to this part in his book about Tisza-Eszlar, he becomes 
downright sentimental, which has always been an effective means of fooling one's 
fellow-man, in this case the non- Jewish reader: "This scene, which played itself 
out at twilight so peacefully in front of the house of the temple servant Scharf, was 
the was the kernel for the most dreadful conflicts, conflicts which were supposed 
to disturb the peace of thousands. Both Solymosi women went homeward; what 
was going on in their souls, we know. . /' 

Paul Nathan 

Indeed, this Jew, all Jews knew 
it, only one entity did not know - 
- the Hungarian state, which let 
many precious weeks go by 
until the judicial investigation, 
as time unused! But this 
intermission was exploited all 
the more zealously by the Jews, 
to take defensive measures ~ 
i.e., to disseminate slanders to 
the effect that Esther, who (they 
said) was a flighty creature(9), 
just took off on this day. 
Consciously or unconsciously, 
Nathan (149) grasped at this 
"valuable" line of thought and 
wrote further: "Finally, the 
disappearance of Esther was not 

a rare event; it happened frequently, that Hungarian girls secretly went off for 

even years. . ."(10} 

Later, Jewry became more aggressive; the customary tactic was employed of 
turning the accusers into the accused, and efforts were supposed to be made to 
bring suit against the widow Solymosi and the spreaders of the news of the murder 
of Esther, on the grounds of "offense against honor"! But it remained only a threat; 
something else happened: to wit, when strangers unexpectedly came into the 
village, as for example in one case imperial officers, to carry out administrative 
tasks, the Jews immediately took violent fright, put their heads together, whispered 
among one another in Hebrew, fearfully looked over the new arrivals and ran to the 
community office in order to discover there the reason for the arrival of the 
strangers. On their faces fear and panic were clearly evident! (Geza v. Onody in 
his book about Tisza-Eszlar.) Finally, Nathan called the mother of the victim, in 
public, "bought" for the purpose of "making ill-feeling against the not 
insignificant" Jewish portion of the population: "The woman had been poor, 
anemic. When a sad fate had overtaken her daughter and anti-Semitism with happy 
heart made the mother's cause its own, then the destiny of its valuable protegee 
also changed. Charitableness and party interests brought about collections for the 
poor widow. . .From somewhere or other, certain benefits flowed in to the old 
Solymosi women." 

The mother, questioned about this before the court, at first did not understand what 
was wanted of her, but then she spumed these infamous slanders with outrage ~ 
Nathan knows better, however: "These statements (of the mother) do not 
correspond to the facts. In truth, the living situation of Frau Solymosi has improved 
considerably. She no longer needs to work for her daily support. . .She was well- 
dressed, far better than a Tisza-Eszlar peasant woman otherwise usually dresses; in 
her pot meat is no longer absent and as the surest symptom of (150) a change in her 
circumstances, the envy of the other peasant women of the TheiB village has 
already begun to be directed toward her. . .thus one sees how even the reasons of 
external advantage captivate the peasant women ~ thus does worldly advantage 


Only a Jew can write like that! A widow, whose fourteen year-old daughter was 
literally butchered, experiences "a visible change in her exterior circumstances" ~ 
the death of of one's own child was therefore turned into a "business," to "external 
advantages" for those left behind! That comports fully with the "offer," composed 
as a business letter, made to the father of the likewise ritually-slaughtered Ernst 
Winter of Prechlau- Konitz (ll) , who was supposed to be "compensated" for the 
blood of his son with 20,000 Marks ~ the death of a child as business! 

On 3 April, two days after the disappearance of Esther, the mother reported to the 
community judge Farkas at Tisza-Eszlar; she asked that the synagogue be searched. 
Farkas declined ~ which no longer surprises us ~ with the argument that he was 
not empowered to do anything like that and referred the mother to the sitting judge 
Eugen Jarmy. The latter again answered Frau Solymosi, when she repeated her 
suspicion about the Jews: "Good woman, how can you think such a thing? That 
sort of thing can no longer happen in this day and age!" (12) He finally issued a 
circular letter in which the following appears: "On 1 April, between 10 and 11 
o'clock, Frau Solymosi's 14 year-old daughter disappeared, whose further 
description is given below." That was all at first! The family of the temple servant 
Scharf, however, became in the following period the enfant terrible of the Jewish 
community. A few days after the disappearance of Esther, the six year-old son of 
the temple servant, Samu Scharf, told his playing companions of a special murder 
case which he had heard about from his older brother. The eleven year-old 
Elisabeth Soos repeated in a protocol this tale as follows (Samu said to the children 
he was playing with): "Father called the Christian girl into the temple and had her 
sit down in an easy chair; Moritz seized her hand, (151) father seized her head, the 
schdchter [ritual- slaughterer] cut into her feet and then they carried her there, 
where the large tree stands." With that, Samu pointed toward the cemetary! The 
mother of little Elisabeth Soos, Frau Andreas Soos, a few days later than her 
daughter, heard from Samu himself the following (protocol): "Papa called the 
Hungarian girl to him, he tied her up, washed her, and then right away the 
schdchter — Bacsi ~ cut her neck" and also in this version: "Papa called the 
Hungarian girl in from the street, mother washed her feet, and the schdchter cut 
her across the neck. Bacsi also has slaughtered a hen that way at our place." 

That was a few days after Esther Solymosi had disappeared. Later, the Scharf 
couple came to hear of the chattering of their offspring, they cautioned him. On 2 
May (1882) Samu called out: "Now I'm saying nothing about what my father did 
with the girl." (13) 

Concerning this 2nd of May, the 23 year-old Elisabeth Tanyi also spoke in the 
public hearing (14) : "I was driving the geese home toward evening, when the little 
Samu, out of the temple, set himself down in front of us. I said to him: 'Get out of 
my way, else you'll catch a smack!' Then Samu said: 'Then I definitely won't tell 
you what Father did with the Hungarian girl!' I asked him, what it was, then? He 
said to me: 'Now I won't tell you at all'" ~ 

On 4 May, therefore over one month after the loss of her child, the mother again 
spoke before the community judge of Tisza-Eszlar, Gabriel Farkas. "On the 4th of 

May, the Solymosi woman came again to me and said that she had no peace of 
mind. . ." (15) She made reference to the statements of Samu Scharf. Farkas again 
decUned to do anything. He was [he said] not responsible. Finally, the sitting judge 
instructed the local magistrate to question the witnesses once more. Thus, a full 36 
days after the disappearance of Esther, the first authorized investigation was 

The protocols were sent to the state prosecutor's office at Nyiregyhaza; In mid- 
May, this office made application for introduction of (152)the investigation; the 
entire documentary material up to this point was sent to the Court of Examination. 
The Notary of the Nyiregyhaza Court of Justice, Josef Bary, was entrusted with 
the conducting of the criminal investigation, after the examining judge originally 
appointed for this task, who found himself in financial embarrassment and had 
Jews as his chief creditors, had come under disciplinary investigation and had 
taken his own life. 

On the 19th of May, Bary arrived at the scene of the crime. Preventive detention 
was imposed upon the Scharf family. On the same day, the six year-old son Samu 
blabbed away before the examining judge (protocol): "Father called Esther inside, 
and she came into the place. Father stuck a white piece of linen in her mouth, then 
they washed her in the trough and a large Jew cut her in the neck with a long knife, 
so that her head fell away. He had made just one single cut on her. . .they they 
grabbed Esther and carried her through the hallway to the temple. They had hold of 
her by her hands, her feet, and her head, and they were: Abraham Braun and his 
son, Samuel Lustig and his son, and Moritz. There were many there. . . ! 

On 20 May, Bary took up the first interrogation with the sixteen year-old Moritz, 
the brother named by Samu. Moritz Scharf declared by way of an introductory 
statement, that on the Sunday evening before the Jewish Easter, on 1 April, an 
election of the new ritual- slaughterers had taken place at the house of Jacob 
SuBmann. He did not want to admit knowing Esther by name; his performance 
appeared, in this first interrogation protocol, to be so artificial and contradictory, 
that he was held in custody. The examining judge had a number of Jews arrested 
besides [Moritz Scharf]. Since the space of the modest community house did not 
suffice for a separate accommodation for the arrested persons, the security 
commissar Andreas Recsky declared himself prepared to temporarily lodge the 
youngest, Mortiz Scharf, in his office space at Nagyfalu. Separated from his co- 
religionists, Moritz suddenly broke down in the surroundings which were foreign 
to him, and stated that he was ready, still on that very evening, to make a full 
confession; He gave an account of the ritual-crime and the murderers in every 
single detail; on the basis (153) of his testimony, four Jews could be charged with 
the murder and five others with complicity. The confession of Moritz Scharf, 
which was made on the evening of the 21st of May before Commissar Recsky and 
the protocol chief of the examining judge, Koloman Peczely, reads exactly (16) : 

"On Saturday toward twelve o'clock in the afternoon, Esther Solymosi, who was 
on her way home from the old- village section of Eszlar, came into our house at my 
father's invitation. My father called her in with the remark that she should take the 
candlestick from the table. When she came into our house with my father, Esther 
Solymosi had on a shabby white cloth on her head, a red-colored cloth around her 

neck, and wore a kind of white coat and a ~ if I remember this correctly ~ blue- 
colored skirt. That the girl was called Esther, I knew that because my father 
addressed her by that name. The mistress of the girl was Frau Andreas Huri, for 
Mother had asked her with whom she was living, and she said, mentioning her 
name, that she was living with Frau Andreas Huri. Esther's face looked like her 
sister Sophie. At the behest of my father, Esther placed the candlestick, just as she 
had taken it from our table, upon the chest of drawers. When the girl climbed down 
from the chair [apparently used to reach the top of the chest of drawers], a Jewish 
beggar(17} was sent in from the temple for the girl. The Jewish beggar caught the 
girl by the hand and lured her in with him to the temple. There, in the corridor of 
the temple, the tall, brown Jewish beggar took hold of the girl and threw her to the 
ground. The girl began to moan and scream then, but the already present ritual- 
slaughterers from Teglas and Tarczal quickly pressed the girl back down on the 
floor and the ritual-slaughterer Salomon Schwarz, who had arrived from Tisza- 
Lok, cut the girl's neck through and let the blood flow into a red earthenware plate; 
when the plate had become filled with blood, he poured the blood into a pot. 

I wasn't in the temple at this event, but I looked in on it from outside through the 
keyhole of the temple doors. My father wasn't there, but was inside our house. 
When the girl was (154) led into the temple, they barred the temple door from 
within. Aside from those mentioned above, there were present in the temple: 
Samuel Lustig, Abraham Braun, Lazar WeiBstein, and Abraham Junger. They 
had previously undressed the girl down to her slip and then the schdchter [ritual- 
slaughterer] inflicted the cut; the girl was barefoot. When she was no longer 
moving, they bound her neck together with rags and dressed her again. The ritual- 
slaughterers took hold of the girl, the Jewish beggar undressed her; when she was 
dead, the Jewish beggar likewise dressed her again. After this happened, I went to 
my father and to my mother into our room and told them that the girl had been 
killed; then my mother forbade me from speaking to anyone at all of this." ~ To 
Recsky's question: "Did your father know that they'd killed the girl?" he answered: 
"He knew it, for I told it to him, that they had slain the girl!" ~ "I have made this 
statement without any coercion." ~ Moritz Scharf m.p." 

This protocol, which had been concluded toward ten o'clock in the evening, was 
delivered to the examining judge Bary still that night, by means of a messenger on 
horseback; shortly after midnight Bary entered the rooms of Recsky in Nagyfalu. 
Mortiz Scharf was questioned for a second time. Since the Jewish press wants to 
take note of contradictions in the protocols and from them construe the statements 
of Moritz Scharf as baseless, the second protocol, taken by the examining judge 
himself in the same night, also ought to be published in its complete text again(18}. 

On the 22nd of May, Moritz Scharf, as witness before the examining judge in 
Tisza-Eszlar, stated the following in addition: "About 1 o'clock the foreign beggar 
(WoUner) came and said to me that I should close the synagogue. When I was 
about to do this, I saw the three foreign ritual-slaughterers Lustig, Braun, and 
WeiBstein walking to the house just then. Then the body was no longer in the 
entrance hall, also there was no trace of blood to be seen. I don't know where they 
concealed the girl. It wasn't in the synagogue, (155) because they would only have 
been able to hide it by the Torah, But when I looked for it in the cabinet in the 
afternoon, there was nothing there to see. They would not have been able to bury it 

in the courtyard, because there I would have had to see it, so they could only have 
carried it into the TheiB. During the afternoon and the evening I saw no wagon near 
the synagogue, perhaps there was one nearby after 10 o'clock at night, when I lay 
down to sleep. Then there were, still in the synagogue: Lichtman, Rosenberg, 
SuBmann, Romer, Einhorn, and my father. When they went away I don't know. I 
believe that the corpse was carried out, not through the door, because geese are 
herded in the vicinity, but through the window of the entrance hall (19) ." 

Finally, in the protocol taken on the 23rd of May 1882 before the Nyiregyhazar 
Court of Justice for authentication of the confession, after his attention had been 
drawn by the President of the Court to the consequences of a false statement by a 
witness, Scharf declared that he upheld, in their full compass the confessions 
made on the night of 21/22 May in Nagyfalu and on the same day (22 May) before 
the examining judge Bary in Tisza-Eszlar, that he confirmed them and stood ready 
to take an oath on them. His confessions [he said] he had made without any 
psychological or moral force, and the fact that he had not so stated the facts on 20 
May before the examining judge, or had denied them, was out of fear of the 
members [of the Jewish congregation]. 

If we examine the grave statements of Scharf, whose plainly monstrous 
significance Bary immediately had realized ~ for not only this blood-murder, but 
countless others of that region finally found their solution ~ the following aspects, 
with which the public court hearings then had to deal, emerge: 

1. On the day of the murder of Esther, the s chdcht er-oiQCiion took place. 

2. The girl was lured into the house of the temple servant next to the synagogue, as 
she was returning from her shopping at about twelve o'clock in the afternoon. 

3. The child was led out of the house by a Jewish beggar into the synagogue 
situated in the direct vicinity. (156) 

4. Several ritual-slaughterers who were already present there overpowered the 

5. The schdchter from Tisza-Eszlar, Salomon Schwarz, slaughtered Esther. 

6. In the synagogue still several other Jews were present. 

7. The parents of the witness Scharf were accessories. 

8. After the crime, still numerous other Jews appeared toward five o'clock in the 

9. The body of the girl was removed without leaving a trace, and probably sunk in 
the TheiB. 

10. Three foreign Jews were had come to Tisza-Eszlar already on the day before 
the crime and had found a hiding place in the house of the temple servant. 

So far we are taken by the observations of the young Scharf. We must now 
determine what the court did with this. 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Tisza-Eszlar 1882 

Page 2 


As mentioned, old Frau Solymosi had reported to the community judge on 3 April; 
when he did nothing, the mother repeated her report a full month later on 4 May. 
On the 19thy of May ~ therefore now a month and a half after the loss of her child - 
- the examining judge Bary appeared, who embarked upon the case all the more 
energetically from now on. This tactic of dragging things on, which became 
endemic in all the nations where Jewry had already spun its threads, was the topic 
of an interpellation of the Representative Istoczy, which the latter directed toward 
the Justice Minister Dr. Pauler on 24 May 1882 in the Hungarian Reichstag: "In 
connection with that, which my Representative colleague Geza von Onody said in 
yesterday's sitting, in relation to the girl Esther Solymosi, murdered in Tisza- 
Eszlar in the synagogue, directly before the Jewish Easter festival by the Jewish 
schdchter [ritual- slaughterer] Salomon Schwarz, I ask the Herr Minister: 

1. Have you knowledge of the fact that the sitting judge of the upper Dada region, 
in the Szabolcser Comitat, to whom the mother of the murdered girl reported, (157) 
instead of making the case the subject of a preliminary investigation, as was his 
duty, referred the mother to the court of justice in Nyiregyhaza, and that this man 
in turn referred the mother back to the sitting judge again, and that, with the sitting 
judge and the court of justice making a completely unreasonable issue of 
jurisdiction out of the case, the investigation was first begun after weeks had 

2. Do the Lord ministers intend to hold the sitting judge [I have] mentioned, and 
the members of the court of justice who were involved, responsible for this 
conspicuous neglect of duty? 

3. Do you intend, considering the scope of the case -- incalculable as a 
consequence of the prevailing circumstances ~ to pursue the case with attention 
and to exercise watchfulness that, despite the great financial resources of the 
Jews which have now been set into motion, the guilty Jew or guilty Jews receive 
their rightful punishment?" 

Since Istoczy in the argument of his interpellation speaks of a Jewish race, he 
receives a sharp rebuff from the Minister President and Leader of the ruling Jewish- 
Liberal party, the freemason Koloman from Tisza, whose machinations 
substantially influenced the course of the trial. Tisza replies: "My first comment is 

this, that it is totally inadmissable to speak of any race or [religious] 
denomination in our fatherland, that it is base and deserving of full contempt. . ." 
So far had the Judafication of Hungary already progressed in the eighty years of the 
19th century, that a corrupt Jewish race was not permitted to be spoken of! 

We now understand the following events better. 

In the beginning, the state's attorney Melchior Both was in charge of the Office of 
Public Prosecutor. On 18 May 1882, the proceedings were put under the charge of 
the responsible court, on 3 June of the same year Both shot himself. Georg Ritter 
von Marczianyi interprets this incident, which caused the greatest sensation in its 
time, as follows in his book (page 19): "One of the most important moments in the 
judicial preliminary examination was the suicide of the state's attorney of 
Nyiregyhaza in the first days of June, (158)Melchior Both, who put a bullet in his 
head after the arrival of the Chief state's attorney von Kozma who had traveled for 
the examination of the case. It turned out that Both had already been in a position 
of closest intercourse with the top-level Jews there for a long time. After the the 
ritual-murder had become known, a secret collection of money took place among 
the Jews there, and the rumor was about among the people that the goal of this 
collection was for the bribing of the Court of Justice. The fact of the matter is, 
that Both did everything to nip the whole murder case in the bud. . ." 

That was Both. 

Ladislaus Egressi-Nagy functioned as the second state's attorney; he was soon 
relieved of his duties in this trial as a result of a difficult falling-out with the 
examining judge Bary, who was as incorruptible as he was energetic. 

The Chief state's attorney von Kozma also seemed to be no longer sure of the case; 
things must have been going on here which have never been fully explained. 
Characteristically, the Chief state's attorney in his critical situation turned, not to 
the Justice Minister Pauler, known for his incorruptible and unbiased attitude and 
on that account slandered and avoided by the Jewish gang and their helpers, but to 
a Jewish-inspired and therefore influential clique of journalists in Budapest, the so- 
called "Jokai-Club," which delightedly rendered its expert opinion concerning the 
Chief state's attorney; in this opinion we read (20) : "Considering that the Herr Chief 
state's attorney Alexander Kozma never has given grounds in his past life, spent in 
view of the public, during a public career of many years, which could cast even the 
remotest suspicion of corruption (!) upon him, the Court of opinion rules that: 
Herr Szabo has impugned the Herr Chief state's attorney with such an unworthy 
suspicion, which the Court (21) condemns decisively and declares to be perfectly 

The situation: A chief state's attorney has to allow the public (159) reproach fall 
upon him, that he, too, has been bagged by Jewish gold. Now [his] attacker is not 
put in his place, but rather [Kozma] seeks assistance from this assuredly influential 
society of Jews which designates itself a "Court," and he allows himself to be 
exposed to an endorsement of his incorruptibility by this Jewish Areopagus! This 
could have served as material for the funny papers, had not these matters not 
become so disheartening; for this rehabilitation was trumpeted forth in the Jewish 

press ~ and the struggle against the "anti-Semitic leprosy" received a new impetus, 
and this in turn had a decisive effect upon the course of the trial! 

In the full consciousness of the power of universal Jewry, Paul Nathan 
commented in [his] extremely informative way: "In a nation with a parliamentary 
government (!), the Press is an outstanding power, and in a country such as 
Hungary, the word of certain men has a significance which is not to be compared 
with the findings of a royal Court of Justice, even be that [a verdict of] of 
conviction. . .such (!) men are, in fact, able to ultimately stigmatize a slanderer for 
the entire nation and to restore honor where it has been impugned without cause. 
After this happens, the entire Hungarian Press hesitates not one instant in 
expressing its disgust for those attacking that honor. The matter is settled (!) and, 
with the exception of a small group of outcasts of the nation, nobody dares [to do] 
anything further. There are attacks whose purpose is clear, but whose goal, 
however, remains unreachable." 

Under these auspices the trial could now begin. But, contrary to expectation, there 
was again a halt in the proceedings ~ the scenario, as the saying goes, did not go 
over well. 

Kozma remained, but he committed a tactical error. The vice state's attorney 
Koloman von Soos, a creature of the Chief state's attorney, became the successor 
of Nagy; but the reputation of being all too friendly to the Jews preceded him, so 
that he was not able to stay long in Nyiregyhaza. He likewise went. 

On 11 October and on the 25th of November, the matter of delegating a new court 
of Justice was discussed in the Hungarian parliament. The government refused this. 

Now there appeared the state's attorney Emerich Havas. Meanwhile, it had 
become (160) winter. On 29 November, the court was supposed to open. On this 
date chief state's attorney Kozma received an urgent petition from Havas, in which 
the latter asked for his "withdrawal from the state's attorney functions in the affair 
of Tisza-Eszlar," because the Herr Justice Minister had instituted against him a 
"criminal investigation because of suborning false witnesses and abuses of the 
power of his office". We shall not go more deeply into the matter of the 
proceedings against Havas here. Their course was likewise very murky. His 
successor, Eduard von Szeyffert ~ thus the fifth state's attorney ~ was dispatched 
[in his place] ! 

A great deal of water had flowed under the bridge by the time the actual trial 
began. This time of intermission appears filled with incidents which throw such a 
delineating light upon the tactics of the Jewish struggle, that at least the most 
important ones, arranged in their chronological sequence, should be resurrected 
from the oblivion to which they have been intentionally consigned. 

The Intrigues up to the Time of the Main Hearings 

Already, before the beginning of the trial, there was a series of complaints about 
insults and duels which we will pass over because of their unimportant nature. 

In April 1882, the greatest variety of rumors were surfacing already in every region 
of Hungary, such as: Esther Solymosi had been seen here or there ~ the 
[possibility of] a mistake was eliminated; since no one could produce the girl 
despite these claims, the Jews let a large number of dead Esthers pop up. Even this 
disinformation campaign did not catch on; the most that it accomplished was that 
inquiries went in circles. As later, in 1891 in Corfu and 1900 in Konitz, these 
clumsy maneuvers brought about unrest and strong anti-Semitic disturbances in the 
populace, which could at first be suppressed by military presence; but the local 
Jewish manipulation had miscalculated this time. From now on, the "Alliance 
Israelite Universelle" considered the situation of the Jews in Hungary to be so 
critical, that something most be done for its exoneration. Jewish Gold was 
supposed to prepare this offensive, in that a "premium" [reward] of 5000 Fl. (161) 
was subscribed for producing the girl. The Jew Josef Lichtmann in Tisza- Eszlar 
received the commission of "offering" the mother Solymosi a sum of 1000 Fl. if 
she would accept another girl instead of her daughter. This transpired with the 
words: "If the girl should make an appearance, how nice 1000 Fl. would be for 
you, and you could receive this sum from us right away." When this Jew was called 
to account for his attempt at bribery, he naturally denied everything and admitted 
only this much, that he had spoken not of 1000, but of 300 FL, which the woman 
would receive in case she succeeded in bringing the missing Esther back home. 

A Jewess undertook a similar attempt at bribery, when she approached the mother 
of Esther with the words: "Dear Frau Solymosi, how much money would you not 
receive, if your daughter should again appear." ~ Eight years later, a father 
whose eighteen-year-old son had been bled to death under the ritual-slaughtering 
knife of Polish Jews, received a written offer that he should be "compensated" with 
50,000 Marks: "... Be reasonable at last, it is to your advantage. "(22} 

But old Frau Solymosi was likewise "unreasonable," angrily kicked the Jews out of 
her modest little house and made a report. Both bribery attempts allow us to 
recognize the plan, hatched early-on, to plant a false Esther. Sometime around the 
middle of June, the schdchter left Tisza-Eszlar, after he had asserted with certainty 
several times that in three days the body of Esther would appear. Thereby was 
staged the most foolish fraud which International Jewry has ever undertaken in 
these kind of trials. 

On the 18th of June 1882 ~ therefore 79 days after the disappearance of the girl, 
perhaps 20 km below Tisza-Eszlar, a female body was thrown on land by the 
current of the TheiB. Raftsmen who were moored in the vicinity pulled the corpse, 
which had become entangled in willow bushes, onto land and buried it without 
making a report of it to the authorities. But the news (162) spread from here by a 
ranger more quickly than was expected, from village to village and even reached 
the ears of Bary. The latter had developed sharp ears. With the same resolve with 
which he examined witnesses, he arranged for the district physician Dr. KiB to go 
to the place where the body was discovered on the evening of 18 June; KiB 
presided over the immediate opening of the grave; at a depth of 2.5 fathoms the 
body, which had been pulled from the water, was in fact discovered; it was 
superficially inspected without being taken from the grave. The thorough 
examination and autopsy was delayed until the arrival of the Court of Justice. 
Guards were posted at the grave site. Already in the midday hours of the new day. 

before any of the authorities had arrived, "crowds of Jews converged on the banks 
of the TheiB from all directions of the compass, from far regions at distances of 15- 
20 miles, and triumphed over the most recent success of Israel, under loud curses 
at Christians and especially at evil anti-Semites, like a swarm of ravens 
assembling above the corpse of a mole. This scene was very interesting and would 
have been worthy of being immortalized by the brush of a painter. "(23) ~ The 
Budapest and Vienna Jewish papers teemed with telegrams, which bore the 
signature of Dr. Heymann-Levy, one of the Jewish defenders. (24) 

Still before anyone was able to view the body, which was guarded by armed police 
officers, and before the judicial pronouncement had been made ~ the first protocol, 
composed on the morning of 19 June at 1 A.M. by the district physician, was still 
on its way to the Court ~ "Jewish sentries, posted in every direction like telegraph 
poles, triumphantly trumpeted the news that: Esther Solymosi's body had been 
discovered in unwounded condition. Great was the joy, the jubilation, the malicious 
enjoyment, the mockery and contempt, which was poured over the shamed friends 
of anti-Semitism, over whose presumed disgrace Israel now thought itself able to 
celebrate its shameless orgies. " (25) 

(163)It is important and must be kept firmly in mind: The Jewish news service 
"knew" that the body found at least 20 km distant from Tisza-Eszlar was that of the 
fourteen year-old Solymosi! 

On the 19th and 20th of June a new inspection was held at the place of discovery 
under consultation of the court; the body, covered over with a crust of mud, was 
flushed with water and a female person appeared, which had been carefully dressed 
with the garments of the missing girl. Piece by piece, each was identified by 
Mother Solymosi as belonging to her daughter; what appeared beneath the clothes, 
however, was not the fourteen year-old girl. It is shocking to read how Frau 
Solymosi attentively regarded this planted body, as if she were hoping to have her 
daughter before her again, but then tersely and definitely declared: "That is not 

Separated from one another and under supervision, the siblings, the close relatives, 
the neighbors, the pastor, the local teacher, and finally the mother was once again, 
in turn, led past the body: Their statements all agreed: what was lying there was a 
complete stranger! 

The medical surveys paralleled these perceptions of the witnesses; at the scene of 
the finding of the body appeared simultaneously the physicians appointed by the 
court: Dr. Trajtler, Dr. KiB, Dr. Horvath and Geza v. Keri. These four expert 
witnesses took on the job of making a protocol ~ still on the 19th and the 20th of 
June ~ concerning the internal and external findings [from examination] of the 

We learn the following important details from the exterior findings (Autopsy 
protocol of the afternoon of 19 June 1882): 

1. The hair appears to have been shaved off. 

2. The face is hollowed, there is no sort of abrasions present, nor are there any kind 

of signs of exterior wounds to be found. 

3. The neck is not wounded. 

4. The chest is emaciated. 

5. The hands are strikingly small and beautiful. The nails are especially 
conspicuous for their fine development and the fact that they have been carefully 

(164) 6. The feet are small and delicate. Their shape allows us to conclude that they 
have always been shod, [i.e., that, unlike most peasant women, the subject never 
went barefoot.] 

The interior examination (Autopsy protocol in continuation of the morning of the 
20th of June, 1882) yielded, among other things, the important determination that 
the lungs were covered on their surfaces with strongly projecting, bumpy air 
vesicles and were anemic. In the upper apex of the right lung were tubercles and a 
cavity (cavern) the size of a musket ball, filled with pus. 

The expert witness physicians composed an expert opinion in response to the 
questions of the examining judge Bary, which were important for further 
investigation. The result of their examinations, which would indicate the direction 
of Bary's inquiries, can be finally summarized with the setting forth of these 
comprehensive arguments: 

1. The body is not the victim of death by suffocation in the water; it was thrown 
into the water already dead. 

2. The body is, at most, ten days old. (If one accepts the statements of Moritz 
Scharf as a basis, Esther Solymosi had been murdered over eleven weeks before!) 

3. The body has not been in the water for more than three or four days. 

4. The body is that of an eighteen or probably even a twenty year-old. 

5. The body is not that of a girl, but of a person who has led a dissolute life. 

6. The direct cause of death was consumption, [i.e., tuberculosis] 

7. The body shows no traces whatsoever of external wounds which could have 
caused bleeding. The loss of flesh on the right arm indicates that the body was 
dragged by means of a rope. 

8. The shape of the feet and hands, and the meticulous care of the same, shows that 
this person followed no kind of rough labor in her lifetime, but belonged to a 
class "which did not occupy itself with coarse manual labor." 

On the basis of these findings, on whose composition four physicians had taken 
part, (165) Bary determined his further investigation. He began with the 
assumption that a corpse-smuggling as clever as it was shameless took place ~ and 
he had full success with this assumption! Already, on the following day, he had all 
the raftsmen taken into custody; a great number of them were immediately released 
again because they could not, from the beginning, be considered possible 
accomplices due to the position of their vessels. One of the rafting business owners 
who had been held in custody was Yankel Smilovics, a Jew. Having been cornered 
and not up to the methodology of the judge, he resigned himself on 26 June 1882 
to making statements with the following contents: On 6 June Yankel Smilovics 
met another sponger, Amsel Vogel. The latter opened up to him the possibility of 
"earning a lot of money" if he would take on the job of taking a corpse down 

below Tisza-Eslar with his raft. As a further accompUce the Jew David Hersko 
was involved ~ the cloverleaf was complete! 

On the 10th of June (on the 20th of June, the doctors declared that the body was, 
at most, ten days old!) Smilovics took the ferryboat to Tisza-Eszlar, according to 
arrangements made; there two Jews, Martin GroB and Ignatz Klein, were waiting 
for him with a wagon, and handed over to him a female body dressed in a slip. 
Smilovics shifted his strange freight over to David Hersko, together with the 
instruction that below Tisza-Eszlar a peasant woman was waiting and would 
give him clothes for the corpse. ~ Everything went according to plan. The body 
was dressed with the help of the "peasant woman," who later turned out to be the 
Jewess GroBmann from Tisza-Eszlar, and was then cast into the water. The non- 
Jewish raftsman Csepkanics was on the last of the rafts. Below Tisza-Eszlar, he 
suddenly noticed how a body, which he did not recognize and which the TheiB was 
driving down against his raft, disappeared under his boat and then surfaced again 
and now was being taken by the wind toward the far shore. There the object 
remained hanging in the willow bushes and now could be recognized as human. 

The possessions of the slaughtered Esther had therefore been carefully preserved at 
the scene of the crime. The mother of the child was actually able to identify every 
single piece of clothing of her daughter on the 19th of June. (166) If we visualize 
the witness statements of the young Scharf, the victim was undressed down to her 
slip (". . .1 saw that Esther lay in her slip on the ground, while her clothes were on 
the table"). The slip was naturally deeply soaked through with blood and was 
therefore no longer of use, if they did not want to betray themselves. In some way 
or other, a new slip must have been procured; a Talmud-hr^in managed to dig up 
the information from one of the statements made to the court by old Frau Solymosi: 
a certain Roth (a Jewess) came to her and importuned her for a slip of Esther or 
even a strip from one of them; for these things would be necessary (she told her) in 
order to get information concerning the whereabouts of the girl from a fortune- 
teller! This is how this Jewish-Galician gang behaved to this old woman! 

Unfortunately it was not possible to determine the origin of the strange body; 
various hypotheses have been proposed. If one examines all the clues which the 
statements of the Jewish smugglers as well as the condition of the dead body have 
yielded, this body came either from a dissection room or from a Jewish cemetary. It 
is known that the orthodox Jews have the ritual custom of meticulously shaving off 
the hair of Jewesses not only at the time of marriage but also after their death, and 
this had been done thoroughly with the body. 

The body, externally and conspicuously well-groomed (cosmetic treatments) but 
otherwise all the more strikingly uncared for in every respect, would support the 
final surmise ~ that, in any case, this was not the body of a blooming, virginal 
fourteen year-old peasant girl! 

Actually, by the end of June 1882, the investigatory court was able to establish that 
at the least the tracks of this recent crime were leading to the national capital city 
of Budapest. Action was supposed to be taken, with the arrest of perhaps 30 of 
even "highly respected Jews" ~ among them a Jewish medical "authority" ~ so that 
the final proof of this monstrous, entangled Jewish criminal organization would 

thereby be supplied ~ at the end, even connections to Viennese Jews could be 
established ~ but the Minister President Tisza, who specially interrupted his 
vacation at his country home at the last minute, (167) prevented the Justice 
Minister Dr. Pauler from giving the necessary instructions to the court of Justice at 
Nyiregyhaza. . . 

Thus, these final connections remain just as unclear as the question of what 
happened to the body of the girl after the butchery of 1 April. Yet even here we 
have at least a clue: Still prior to the staging of the smuggled corpse, below Tisza- 
Eszlar fishermen drew a headless, well advanced in decay and thus unrecognizable 
female body from the river. The Hungarian magnate Onody, resident in Tisza- 
Eszlar, was later able to determine that these fishermen, as soon as the rumor of 
their discovery spread, were bribed by provably Jewish parties not to hand over the 
body to the rangers, but to bury it at an exactly agreed-upon location. But 
something of this must have leaked out, for the Nyiregyhaza Court of Justice 
decided to dispatch an exhumation commission to the relevant location on a certain 
day. The Jewish intelligence service had smelled a rat, for even before the 
commission reached the site, the Jews Heymann-Levy, Flegmann and Lichtmann 
had already appeared. What they were up to at this extremely critical moment 
remains unknown; all that was known was that the deputies of the high Court of 
Justice were standing before a freshly excavated empty hole. . . 

But the Jewish stage-managers were not content with this success, from now on 
they wanted to "officially" ~ i.e., journalistically ~ refute the blood-accusation. In 
the year 1891 on Corfu, the correspondent of the Berliner Tageblatt {Berlin Daily], 
Dr. Barth, took over this handsomely paid "mission," which, thanks to the fire- 
break of the Kreuzzeitung, did not succeed. The same thing was tried in Hungary. 
The editor of the Jewish Prague Politik [Politics], with the revealing surname of 
Puffke-Lipnitzki, was given the task of writing a series of articles about Tisza- 
Eszlar in the Cracow (likewise Jewish) Csas. In his book (page 179), 
Representative Onody formed this judgement of these effusions: "The series of 
articles is a masterpiece of an exquisite sort, a masterpiece as only a brain refined 
by the shrewdest malice of Talmudic morality is able to produce." 

As the starting point of his arguments, Lipnitzki (168) makes use of "information" 
as if he received it: "It is impossible to suppose of the Jews, that they, in the midst 
of the 19th century, cleansed by the winds of the Enlightenment and of 
cultural progress, could have committed such a murder as they are accused 
of: Esther Solymosi probably has been murdered by the anti-Semites!" 

There we have it ~ constantly repeated as weapons in Jewish hands are: 
"Enlightenment," "culture" and ~ as often as possible ~ "humanitarianism," all for 
the purpose of imputing to non- Jewish peasants the most hideous crimes! 

Like his colleague Barth, this Prague "editor" appeared at the scene; with this 
difference only, that the Berlin colleague was received by an archbishop with every 
formality, but Puffke achieved access at the door of an "uneducated" peasant 
woman! Puffke-Lipnitzki attempted to draw Mother Solymosi into conversation. 
He gave her to understand that, if she were ready to make some statements desired 
by him, she could "make some money." His shamelessness went so far that he 
"bid" 5 FL. for some stalks of straw from the bed of her murdered daughter! The 

devilish intent was obvious: his "press" would then have delightedly trumpeted to 
the entire world that the mother was selling as "souvenirs" even the straw from the 
bed of her child for sinful money in order to enrich herself even more by the death 
of her child ~ we recall that Paul Nathan had already determined "that in truth, the 
living conditions of Frau Solymosi have markedly improved. . ." 


\€M JZ . A J ^ ^ M j^ M j / ^ 4^~S^ 1^^4M^ 

Notice of large reward to be offered to "truth-tellers" by Jews 

But the old Solymosi woman, who, "directly at the entrance of the same man 
(Puffke-Lipnitzki), recognizing with the instinct of a mother's heart who and 
what kind of individual was confronting her, " (26) threw the Jewish bearer-of- 
19th-century-culture out; for this, in his article she was then given a very high 
recognition of her stainless character, by being described as "without honor and an 
evil woman" ! In order to be protected from further Jewish importuning, the 
property of the Solymosis had to be kept under police surveillance. These 
scandalous events were echoed even in Germany. 

(169)On 4 July 1882, Dr. Henrici, who had already aroused enormous interest (27) 
in a great number of gatherings as one of the first anti-Semitic speakers (in 1881 he 
had called the first racial anti-Semitic people's assemblies in Berlin), also spoke in 
Berlin in the ''Sozialer Reichesverein'' [roughly, "Social National Union"]: "That 
little spot in Hungary has become a turning point for the whole anti-Semitic 
movement, perhaps it will form a boundary stone for Israel. . .In case these people 
of the ritual-murder are referred [to court], all peoples have the most scared duty, to 
protect us from the gang which slaughters us not only economically, but 
perhaps also in actuality. This little place (Tisza-Eszlar) will perhaps become 
Israel's end. Cowardice and bloodthirstiness have been characteristic traits of the 
Jews in all times. It would be a national suicide, if we would not protest against the 
fact that members of the nation which in Hungary are standing before the blood 
court [i.e., as accused ritual-murderers], are sitting in the robes of office upon a 
German judicial bench and are allowed to pass judgement upon the Germans. . 

In another assembly, Henrici demanded, to thunderous applause, the immediate 
removal from office of Jewish judges ~ "even in Berlin what has come to light in 

Hungary can happen! One need only examine once the statistics of those who 
have disappeared and see at which time of the year most of the children were 
lost! (Shout: Passover!) Come hell or high water, we will not yield or waver until 
we have pushed the foot from the back of our necks, until we have cast the Jews, 
together with their bloody ritual- slaughter knives down into the dust where they 
belong. . ." 

In a petition directed to the government, police supervision over the Jewish 
populace, but particularly over the synagogues, was supposed to be requested. In 
order to enlighten the population and shake it from its apathy, a large number of 
handbills about this blood-murder were circulated, since the "German" 
newspapers had refused to accept the explanation relating to this! 

(170)So strongly did these "extra editions" affect the nerves of the "Chairman of 
the Jewish community of Berlin," the banking Jew and "Royal Advisor for 
Commerce," Meyer-Magnus, that he complained to the Prussian Minister of the 
Interior von Puttkamer. The text of the letter of reply from the latter should be 
reproduced as simply a symbolic document of its time: 

"Berlin, 13 July 1882 
Ministry of the Interior 


I most obligingly thank you for the delivery, by means of your kind letter, of the 
extra edition of the morning of the 23rd which referred to the well-known case of 
the disappearance of the Christian resident in Tisza-Eszlar. 

I find myself in perfect agreement with you, Sir, in respect to the condemnation 
of this sorry piece of work, abject alike in both form and content and I in no way 
underestimate the danger which the circulation of such productions of the press can 
bring in their train under prevailing conditions. 

Incidentally, according to the investigation ordered by me in the case at hand, 
everything has also been thoroughly correctly dealt with by the local police 
authority, in so far as the latter has immediately made the application on its behalf 
with the Royal State Prosecutor's Office. Already charges against the editor due to 
offenses against § 166 of the penal code have been lodged by that office and at the 
same time the confiscation of the extra edition has been applied for. . .1 should like 
to take the opportunity to assure you, Sir, of my best and deepest respect. 

(signed) v. Puttkamer. 

To the 

Royal Confidential Advisor and Chairman 

of the Board of Directors of the Jewish community 

Herr Meyer-Magnus, 


Hier-W. Bellevuestr. 8." 

(171) But Meyer, Esq., "the Great" and his dinner-jacketed band of swindlers 

could smile amusedly to themselves as they rubbed their hands. 

Yet soon they should again have opportunity to get angry ~ this time more 
lastingly! Leading men of the anti-Semitic movement, among them the dynamic 
Dr. Henrici named above, and also Otto Glagau, its "culture warrior", had the 
merit not only of having relentlessly uncovered the practices of the Jewish stock 
exchange hyenas and foundation swindlers, but also of having clearly recognized 
the most monstrous crime, blood-murder, and having pointed it out as fact to a 
peaceable citizenry, came together for the formation of an anti- Jewish alliance, to 
which anti-Semites from Austria and Hungary also belonged. This anti- Jewish 
alliance summoned the first anti-Semitic congress in Dresden. Otto Glagau held 
the leadership. Max Liebermann von Sonnenberg, who later became Reich 
deputy, at whose suggestion the facts of the case of the blood-murder which 
occurred in the year 1900 at Konitz were published. Dr. Amman, the founder of 
the '' Sozialer Reichsverein'\ Dr. Hentschel, court preacher and member of the 
Reichstag Stocker, the founder of the Christlichsoziale Partei [Christian Social 
Party] (1878), "a dazzling speaker in the pulpit as well as in the people's 
assembly" (28) , the future member of the Reichstag Prof. Paul Forster, with his 
brother Bernhard the author of the so-called "anti-Semitic Petition" of 1881, 
Ruppel, Pickenbach, Ernst Schmeitzner, well-known through his antisemitische 
Monatshefte [Anti-Semitic Monthly issues], the member of the Hungarian 
Reichstag, Istoczy, whose Manifest an die Regierungen und Volker der durch das 
Judentum gefdhrdeten christlichen Staaten [Manifesto to the Governments and 
Peoples of the Christian States Endangered by Jewry] was adopted, and Ivan von 
Simonyi ~ all these were to be named as the leading men of this congress. 

At their invitation the Hungarian Reichstag deputy Geza v. Onody also spoke on 
the 10th of September 1882 in Dresden about the ritual-crime committed in his 
hometown and about the doings of the Alliance Israelite Universelle in Hungary. 
The portrait of the murdered girl, created by his countryman Anranyi according to 
the statements of the mother and relatives, was (172) displayed in the assembly 
hall. It is the same one which Onody published in his book. Even ten years later, 
this circumstance so enraged the Jew Nathan, that he described the girl as a 
prostitute; he writes on page 39 of his book: ". . .it is claimed that it is the portrait 
of a public beauty of Nyiregyhaza, and really, whoever strolled through the broad 
streets of that particular little Hungarian city, a native of the place probably pointed 
out to him a tall girl with a short apron, with a loosely wound blue cloth about her 
bare neck which, although she was not ritually slaughtered, and although she 
continually went about her somewhat profitable trade, nonetheless was supposed 
to be the original of the Esther of the portrait. Her name was Ludovika Marossek. 
. .This painted Esther Solymosi [i.e., the one in the portrait], who was a 
prostitute, has the busts of crowned heads around he r(29) , and upon this portrait 
gazed apparently devoutly the heads of the party, worthy pastors and great men of 
mature age, some of them in significant positions, who have the eyes of the public 
on them, and who make a pretense of working for the 'moral' rebirth of society, and 
wish to solve problems of high politics, these people worshipfuUy gathered before 
the portrait of a ~ whore. . ." 

A few days later Onody spoke in Berlin in the first mass gathering of the anti- 
Semites over Tisza-Eszlar. On 16 September 1882, the Deutsche Tageblatt gave 

the following atmospheric report: "The powerful arousal into which the population 
of our capital city has been transported by the ritual-murder of the unfortunate 
Esther Solymosi, committed by the Jews, the stubborn silence of the Jewish- 
Progressive press concerning the event, and finally, the news that the Hungarian 
Reischstag Deputy for Tisza-Eszlar, Herr von Onody, will appear on Thursday 
evening in order to make a thorough report about the terrible crime by means of 
(173) official materials at a large assembly, had enticed an enormous crowd of 
people to the local assembly hall. For that talk turned out to be a great 
demonstration against Jewry. We wished that our esteemed Jewish fellow-citizens 
had been able to hear the authentic truth about the crime from the mouth of this 
unimpeachable man of honor. . ." 

The appearance of Onody in Germany ~ as even Nathan had to concede ~ had 
achieved two things: 

1. "The previously varying tale of the murder took on solid shape ~ anti-Semitism 
again surfaced" and 

2. "Onody had committed himself personally in Hungary as in Germany, and with 
him the anti-Semitism of both nations, to [justice for] the ritual-murder." 

With these successes, which even a Jewish "intellectual" stressed, the Hungarian 
could feel satisfaction for the first time. 

How had things been developing in his home country? In Hungary as well, the anti- 
Semitic currents had been swelling. Whatever decision the court might make, the 
people were convinced that they were being bled to death by the Jewish foreign 
body ~ not only economically but in the literal sense of the word. One knew what 
to expect from newspaper reporting ~ indeed, Jews and editors had already become 
identical concepts in Hungary! But the Alliance Israelite, that parent company of 
World Jewry, must have given a signal; for at the same time as anti-Semitic 
speakers were appearing in Germany and fliers were being circulated, there 
suddenly assembled in Budapest on 5 July 1882, contrary to all other practice in 
secrecy and silence, a general meeting of the Rabbis under the chairmanship of the 
Head Rabbis Menachem Hatz and Leopold Lipschitz. No resounding 
"resolutions" were composed (an exception for such a meeting!) but something 
totally cunning was cooked up! The Rabbis wrote letters ~ this "quiet propaganda" 
was already practiced at that time ~ but not spontaneously to this or that (174) 
person abroad ~ but to very well-known international "authorities," who almost 
without exception belonged to the theological faculty of their universities, and 
they asked these men to render their expert opinions about the possibility of ritual- 
murder and/or to "historically elucidate" this subject. With great adroitness, they 
knew how to discover, next to the freemasons, their baptized racial comrades 
among the "Christian" theologians! These scholars, to whom this request suddenly 
came, had in all probability never been able to examine a ritually-slaughtered 
human body which had been drained of all its blood, as their former colleague, D. 
Johann Eck had done in the 16th century ~ perhaps [this was the occasion when] 
they were first told about what is meant by a ritual- or blood-murder ~ with the 
exception of their baptized [Jewish] colleagues! 

Their letters of reply are consequently composed in an occasionally very evasive 
manner and one soon gets the impression: the "colleagues of the Mosaic 
persuasion" should get the kind of exposition which would not further upset them 

and besides: it is flattering and at the same time an honor to be approached by a 
learned assembly of foreign Rabbis for a letter of expert opinion, and therefore the 
bearer of an apparently quite well-known name is not permitted to disappoint them 
in any way. These letters of reply, written for both the above-named rabbinic Head 
Swindlers and also, really, for their agents, are to be evaluated with this perspective 
in mind! 

The theological faculty of the University at Amsterdam writes: "The theological 
faculty owes it to the decision of the assembly of Rabbis, held on the 5th of July of 
this year in Budapest, that your friendly invitation was also issued to it, as well, to 
give its statement in relation to an old accusation made once again against the 
Jews. . .agreeing with the judgement of all experts in the field, it also is thoroughly 
of the conviction that a lawful instruction to use human blood acquired by murder 
for ritual purposes is not contained anywhere in the religious books of the Jews. 

The theological faculty of the University of Copenhagen refuted "this foolish 
invention, proceeding from blind fanaticism" by recalling (175) "with what great 
severity the Mosaic Law forbids men the consumption of blood; according to this 
law, anyone who would commit the above atrocity which is charged to the Jews 
[in Tisza-Eszlar], would be excluded from the community of the Jews and incur 
heavy punishment(!) Fully justified is the complaint and the indignation of the 
whole of Jewry over the fact that this accusation has been raised against them - an 
accusation which, as often as it has been raised, yet never has had the slightest 
basis in fact. . ." 

The theologians of the faculties at Leiden and Utrecht are also "according to their 
knowledge of the Mosaic and Talmudic laws," completely convinced that both [i.e, 
the mosaic and Talmudic laws] do not in the least assent to a use of human blood, 
and still less do they prescribe it." ~ In such a manner were the expert opinions of 
the faculties procured! (174) Unfortunately, a Paul de Lagarde in all innocence 
became involved in this Jewish swindle maneuver and as a consequence had to let 
his name be abused even decades later by Jewish rats! In his letter of reply from 
Gottingen of 7 October 1882, he even thanks "the esteemed assembly of Rabbis 
for the confidence which it has shown me (P.D. Lagarde) by this request." Further 
on, however, Lagarde makes it clear that he was unable to supply the "desired 
historical elucidation" of the (ritual-murder) accusation, due to lack of time. . 
."Should it seem expeditious to the esteemed assembly of Rabbis, however, that I 
appear as a witness (!) for it in any sort of judicial hearing. . .1 am prepared to do 

The Ordinarius at the University of StraBburg, Noldeke, obviously irritated, rants 
from his summer holiday in the Black Forest (10 August 1882): "It is sad that there 
is repeated cause for [having to] seriously refute the charges raised by malice and 
ignorance against the Jews, that they use human or Christian blood for some sort 
of religious celebration. The accusation is entirely groundless; of course such 
atrocities are totally contrary to all the principles of Judaism (!) Jews, who 
would have committed such a crime would have been excluded unconditionally 
from the religious community of Judaism(176). . ." ~ The same Noldeke also then 
rendered his "expert opinion" in the Xanten ritual-murder trial ~ thus we are 

prepared for that! Quite obviously, however, the "Licensed Theologian and titular 
Professor" August Wunsche, as a baptized Jew and (of all things) headmaster at a 
girls' school in Dresden QO) , knew what was in the interests of the Jews. At the end 
of his rather cordial letter (31 October 1882) to the Head Rabbi Lipschitz in 
Budapest we read: "May a high court succeed in throwing light upon the Tisza- 
Eszlar affair and soon prove the innocence of the accused Jews, so that the evil 
spirit of the anti-Semitic movement may not draw new nourishment, to the 
misfortune of the common life of Christians and Jews!" 

With these "Christian" credentials [i.e., from the theological faculties of the various 
universities], the Jewish taskmasters could be well-satisfied.! 

These expressions of expert opinion, 22 in all, ~ among them one also finds the 
opinions of the Professors Delitzsch (a Jew!), and Strack of Berlin ~ were 
carefully collected and published Ql) in Berlin in December 1882, thus before the 
start of the ritual-murder trial in Hungary, under the collective designation: 
Christliche Zeugnisse gegen die Blutbeschuldigung der Juden [Christian testimony 
against the blood-accusation of the Jews^. 

It is clear that Judah knew how to make necessary capital from the contributions of 
its honorary Christian colleagues. The GieBener University Professor Stade in his 
letter of response actually anticipates these Jewish goals ~ without, perhaps, 
having been conscious of them ~ when his letter reads: "The outcome of the affair 
in Tisza-Eszlar may be what it will: this much is determined in advance, that it will 
be allowed to be used neither against the Jewish religion nor against the character 
of the Jewish people. Deeds such as those of which the ritual- slaughterer there is 
said to be guilty, are foreign to the latter and loathsome to the former." 

(177)In the time to follow, Jewish journalistic garbage was poured in bucketsful 
over Onody. The Hungarian magnate made short shrift of one of these Jewish rats; 
to challenge a Jew [to a duel] would be to accord him too much honor. So Onody 
got the correspondent of the Jewish Wiener Extrablatt out of his hotel room with 
the Karbatsche [a heavy-duty whip]. The press-Jew immediately preferred to 
depart with the fore-noon train. . . 

"But the other pens kept writing. . .These modest men were the correspondents of 
the great (Jewish) Hungraian and Austrian papers, they were the organ by means 
of which civilization gazed down. . .People there took the Karbatsche to be the 
most powerful of weapons and they learned that the pen was still more powerful. 
. .The Press passed a sentence of death and the anti-Semites felt that a new, larger 
power than their own had moved in. These proud magnates had lost. . ." 

So wrote Paul Nathan barely ten years later, and he had to know, of course, being, 
finally, an "expert in his field"! 

The same tactic of wearing-down was used on the examining judge Josef Bary and 
the representative of the national press of Hungary, Verhovay in the intermission 
[before the trial]. Even the Justice Minister Pauler did not remain unscathed. The 
Minister President Tisza had adopted the habit of circumventing the Ministry of 
Justice by sending his instructions directly to the state attorneys. . .Onody, Bary, 
Verhovay and Pauler held out. A cruder weapon had to be used on them. 

Onody was impervious to economic measures, but Verhovay, the editor of the 
national paper Fuggetlenseg, was on the verge of ruin. His friends gave him further 
help. Bary, who had charge of the important documentary material and 
energetically kept on with his investigations despite all interventions and intrigues, 
and did not weaken or waver, could be finally be put out of the way, of course, 
with more radical methods. That too was attempted. From the account of Onody's 
comrade in the struggle, the knight Georg von Marczianyi(32), we learn (178) 
that already on the 14th of July 1882 an attack upon Bary was planned. 

Go to Tisza-Eszlar/Page 3 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Tisza-Eszlar 1882 

Page 3 

(p. 178) 

The coachman of the examining judge, sleeping in the wagon-shed and awakened 
by the ceaseless yapping of the watchdog, checked the premises. Near the main 
house, in the inner yard, he noticed three persons, who had apparently been 
positioned as watchmen; they were making signals in the direction of the street. In 
the corridor to Bary*s room, the coachman came upon two Jews in kaftans, who ~ 
armed with revolvers ~ were conspicuously trying to get in the entrance door. 
When challenged, the whole strange crew rushed to the yard gate. Two kaftan- 
garbed Jews, pursued by the dog which was at their heels, swung themselves over 
the garden fence and thereby a bunch of skeleton keys were dropped. At daybreak, 
in the vicinity of the doghouse, a piece of meat was found which the dog, however, 
had not accepted. A chemical analysis yielded the fact that it was poisoned with 

After this incident the examining judge was accompanied on his walks and travels 
by secret police and his house guarded day and night. ~ So much for the essentials 
of the report of Marczianyi. 

This assassination attempt on Bary failed ~ further such attempts seemed hopeless. 
There still remained the main witness for the prosecution, the sixteen-year-old 
Moritz Scharf ! 

On a motion of the examining judge, Scharf junior had been taken into protective 
custody, since he himself no longer felt safe with his racial comrades! Later, before 
the court, this witness declared when questioned about this: "I was told that they 
would kill me, because I have spoken the truth. . ." ~ In the decision of the 
examining judge of 27 May 1882, the text reads: ". . .with consideration 
furthermore of the fact that according to the record of the newspapers it has 
become public that he (Scharf, junior) has made incriminating statements 
concerning his racial comrades, according to which one can fear that, with the 
irritable mood of his racial comrades. . .that they will harm him or try to corrupt 
him (33) , and keep him from making further depositions ~ in consideration of this, 
especially in his own interests and for the complete safety of his person (179) 
Moritz Scharf will be allowed until further notice to remain in official localities 

and stay voluntarily in court custody." 

Scharf had therefore been brought into the Comitat House at Nyiregyhaza; he 
even remained there into August of the next year, not as a prisoner, but as a witness 
standing under poUce protection, who was allowed to move freely besides, who 
mixed with the families of the court officials there, was decently clothed and cared 
for and who even received private tutoring! What didn't the Jewish newspapers, the 
Pester Lloyd in the lead, fabricate: that Scharf had been lodged in a pig sty and 
sadistically abused and at the end had been nearly driven mad ~ one recognizes 
here already the intention of designating the later statements of Scharf as those of 
one mentally disturbed ~ which they [i.e., the Jews] certainly tried to do. 

How necessary the police protection in Nyiregyhaza was, emerges from the fact 
that attacks upon this witness were planned several times. The castellan [one in 
charge of a fortress or the security of public building] Renter, to whom Moritz had 
been handed over, had been able to make detailed reports also about this to the 
court. To go into detail about this here, however, would take us too far from the 
main narrative. 

These living witnesses they had not been able to silence ~ but the Protocol of the 
four physicians, of 20 June 1882, still remained, which helped to uncover the 
shameless subversions of the Jewish manipulators; it existed and could thereby still 
bring unfavorable and incalculable factors to bear against Jewry. This danger had 
been thoroughly recognized, for already, five days after the first autopsy of the 
female body which had washed ashore, the Jewish attorney Heumann applied to 
the court for an exhumation and new dissection of the body, which this time was 
supposed to be performed by "authorities" since "apparently irregularities and 
violations of law" had occurred. This impertinent petition was nevertheless 
rejected, and in the following period a struggle raged over the handing over of the 
body, in which the court was defeated. On 7 December ~ thus nearly a half-year 
after the burial ~ the exhumation actually took place, this time in the presence of 
the three Budapest professorial "authorities" Schauthauer, Mihalkovics and (180) 
Belki. They declared that the scientific tools necessary for them were not available 
at the location and proposed the transportation of the body to Budapest. The Court 
of Justice finally consented that a portion of the body would be transported there. 
Although the body, as is clear from the 7 December 1882 protocol itself, was 
found to be in a terrible state of decomposition, which excluded any 
pronouncement, and the "corpse, powerfully contracted at the knee joints and hips, 
fell into pieces at an attempt to straighten it out, "(34} these wonder-doctors 
managed, "in a round-about procedure" (35) , to produce a masterpiece of work 
"proving" the identification of Esther Solymosi with the body washed ashore 
after "long yet necessary digressions with a consulting of the earlier 
procedures " (3 6) . The expert opinion of the confidential agents of the court, 
therefore the word of four physicians, was supposed to be "refuted," in that these 
doctors were reproached with "lack of expert knowledge and carelessness in the 
investigation of the necessary facts of the case," as was further also written in the 
new expert opinion of the Herr University-professors, with, of course, the modesty 
characteristic of their race: ". . .and it is no immodesty if we credit ourselves in our 
special fields of expertise with a more comprehensive vision, a more finely 
developed feeling for the connection between subjects apparently remote from 

each other, than the medical confidential agents of the praiseworthy Nyiregyhaza 
court, who might be honest men of healing, but are not specialists in the fields 
which are at issue here." 

The comprehensive vision and finely-developed feeling of this committee were, to 
be sure, amazing attributes, which made it possible to reconstruct from a part of a 
split-open body, long gone over into decomposition, a fourteen-year-old and, even 
in addition to that, a definitely identified girl; these unusual talents of the chosen 
authorities of a likewise Chosen People, made the hair of even the Court of Justice 
of the Hungarian provincial seat stand on end! It ordered the striking of a portion of 
the judicial documents simply in (181) those passages of this professorial expert 
opinion which were conspicuously deceitful and at the same time made the 
decision to deliver the report of the three professors and the remains of the 
exhumation which had been retained, to the Hungarian National Medical 
Council for verification, with no possibility of appeal. 

This superarbitrium [literally, "above judgement/appeal" ~ i.e., the findings of the 
Hungarian National Medical Council] repeated in essential points the results of the 
first expert opinion of the medical agents of the court and evoked, as Georg von 
Marczianyi was able to determine, "the greatest consternation in the circles of 
Jewry". Over the members of the Hungarian National Medical Council, the Jewish 
press poured a veritable deluge of insinuations and maledictions! 

Nevertheless, after the conclusion of these investigations, these documents were 
delivered to the Head Prosecutor's Office; the head Prosecutor, Szeyffert, to whom 
certainly no anti-Semitic leanings could be imputed, took over setting down the 
charges in writing and transmitted them to the Court of Justice at Nyiregyhaza. 

The Concluding Hearing in Nyiregyhaza 

The Tisza-Eszldr trial 

On 19 June 1883 began the great concluding hearing, after it had been postponed 
many times. The investigation had lasted over fourteen months. Accused were 
fifteen Jews, to wit: 

a) on a charge of premeditated murder: the ritual-slaughterers Salomon Schwarz 
and Leopold Braun, the teacher (cantor) Abraham Buxbaum and the vagabond 
Hermann WoUner, "beggar without definite place of residence, who already has a 
police record"; 

b) on a charge of participation in murder: the temple servant Joseph Scharf, the 
estate owner in Tisza-Eszlar, Adolph Junger, the worker Abraham Braun, the 
merchant Samuel Lustig, the tenant Lazar WeiBstein and the mohel [circumciser] 
Emanuel Taub; 

c) on a charge of accessories after the fact: "because they have made an effort to 
frustrate the investigation against the accused by assisting them," the five Jews who 
took part in smuggling the body: the raftsmen Amsel (182) Vogel and David 
Hersko, and also Yankel Smilovics, Martin GroB and Ignaz Klein. 

At their disposal stood not less than five, for the most part Jewish/free masonic, 
"prominent" defenders; two defending attorneys were members of the Hungarian 
Reichstag, who had been designated for the "defense" on the basis that they had a 
mandate due to their connection to "high politics"! 

"It is a matter of an affair which could be fraught with grave consequences for a 
few million human beings; under these circumstances, one can claim that the 
number of five defending counsel was too small rather than too large. "(37) ~ Next, 
80,000 Fl. were made available for taking care of the "smaller expenses" of the 
defense (38) . At the Jew Guttmann's, the head man of the Israelite Alliance 
(A.I.U.) in Vienna, his own telegraphic equipment was set up. Between 
Nyiregyhaza and the Viennese Jew, his own telegraph connection was thereby set 
up, so that the Jews were informed directly and as quickly as possible of every 
word that was spoken, without the world outside ~ not even the authorities ~ being 
able to learn anything. ~ "A Christian ought to demand it at once! I ask you, Herr 
Minister, whether you would allow him this! I don't believe that you would. . ." 
(The Deputy Schneider in the Austrian Reichsrat on the 10th of November, 1899.) 

The hearing had 138 prospective witnesses. The President of the Court of Justice 
was Franz von Kornis, and the state's attorney was the many-times mentioned 
Eduard von Szeyffert. He had picked up very definite instructions at 
Nyiregyhaza. The Jewish press was full of the praise of this man; Paul Nathan as 
well gives him a good report card ~ which already says it all! He writes: "Eduard 
von Szeyffert dealt with this difficult task with perfect tact and reaped for himself 
the boundless recognition of the educated (read: Jewish!) world and ~ what this 
means ~ the deadly hatred of the (183) anti-Semites. . ." (39) The mother of the 
victim was represented all the more cynically by these Jews, and without a trace of 
sympathy: "The old woman Solymosi was a tall, gaunt, bony woman of angular 
body type. During the hearings she appeared in dark clothes, and a black scarf also 
framed her yellow, parchment-like and expressionless face. There was something 
strangely sad in observing these mummy-like features. There was no emotion to 
be noted in her face and the single thing which seemed alive was a pair of small 
blue eyes, which simultaneously gazed out at the world stupidly and with a 
superstitious religiosity. No doubt: the fundamental trait of character of this 
pitiable woman was a mixture of stubborn, unshakable devoutness to God and to 
superstitions. It must have been easy to awaken the imagination in her that she 
was an instrument of God. At least she believed herself to be in a quite special 

relationship to the Highest One. From God come the ideas about the end of her 
daughter. . ." (40) ~ That is what a Jew was able to write in the year 1892 in the 
Germany of Wilhelm, by the Grace of God. ! 

The charge was supported in its essential points on the basis of the protocol 
statements of the sixteen-year-old son of the temple servant Joseph Scharf, 
Moritz, of the 21st/22nd of May 1882. In the public hearing as well, Moritz 
Scharf repeated firmly and with certainty his account already given before the 
examining judge. On the first day of the hearing there was already a violent scene: 
"When Moritz Scharf had related the story of the murder, the accused father began 
almost to rage against the boy; there were frightful scenes, when the men, some of 
them quite old, stood facing the young man, whom they regarded as the sole 
author of their misfortune." (41) ~ The old man Scharf suddenly tried to fall upon 
his son, but was pushed back again to the bench of the accused by the prison 
guards. Each of the accused was invited to comment on the statements of the 
witness. The Jewish teacher Buxbaum raged: "It (184) is not true, what this one 
says, this dog, this louse!" ~ Moritz replied quietly: "You were present too, when 
Esther was murdered!" ~ Buxbaum: "What time was it?" ~ Moritz: "Between 
eleven and twelve o'clock." ~ Buxbaum, beside himself: "I was there? Pfui!" (He 
spit in the face of Moritz.) 

These scenes repeated themselves in the following days of the hearing and took on 
an ever sharper tone. On the eighth day of the hearing, Moritz was questioned by 
the Jewish defense counsel Heumann about why he always walked about under 
guard; Moritz replied: "Because the Jews would kill me, because I have said the 
truth. . ." ~ "If you had not "barked" (42) such lies, then we would not be here" 
confirmed father Scharf resignedly on another day. ~ "For an entirely different 
reason this (the investigation) could not be ended," the son said in defense of 
himself. To this the Jewish defense counsel: "I ask the witness, Moritz Scharf, why 
the investigation could not be ended and for what reason it lasted thirteen 
months." ~ The Jewish youngster rebuffed him with: "For the reason that the Jews 
who remained behind in Tisza-Eszlar dressed a corpse in the clothes of Esther 

After he had become a witness to the horrifying events in the synagogue, Moritz 
ran to his parents, to report to them the things he had seen from his own terrible 
vantage-point. President Kornis: "What did you say to your parents sitting at the 
table?" ~ Moritz: "I told them the situation which I'd seen." President: "What was 
the answer?" ~ Moritz: "My mother said that I should be quiet!" But the small boy 
Samu had overheard something and blabbed it out, which is how the case was set 
in motion! 

Paul Nathan comments about his tribal associate who had been struck from the 
race: "Good Heavens, a murder cannot, after all, ruin the midday meal for a man, 
when one has a good appetite. . .Therefore the family consumes its meal in peace 
and as pleasant dinner conversation Mortiz reports (185) a little joke which he 
has just seen. . .Now the midday meal is over ; Father, Mother and son have until 
this point no cause to get excited because of this little murder; they won't have 
any further disturbance of their Sabbath mood. . .It is a truly idyllic murder, 
which has played itself out without anxious preparations, without cautious 

weighing things out, everything is entrusted entirely to the kindness of Providence. 
Were a braggart to describe at the proper point in an operetta a murder of the type 
which Moritz Scharf has, people would break out in clear laughter" ~ This is the 
"writer" Paul Nathan! 

At the remonstrance of his father ("he said to me that 'to you, pork sausage tastes 
better than kosher food' "(43) Moritz at last stated that he no longer wanted to be a 
Jew, that he had gotten a horror of the Jewish religion. . . He could only explain 
the murder of Esther to himself in this way, that the Jews had to do this according 
to the doctrines of their religion (44) . The brother of the murdered girl, Johann 
Solymosi, remarked on the evening after the disappearance of Esther, how a large 
number of Jews, among them numerous foreign ones, came out of the temple and 
walked over to the Jew Lichtmann. Just after midnight they left his property again 
in a body and cautiously moved to the temple. 

Frau Batori and her daughter Sophie remarked that on the evening of 1 April light 
was burning in the synagogue (45) in the vicinity of which they lived, until late at 
night, which was otherwise unusual. Around midnight the rear part of the temple 
was still brightly lighted. 

On the 16th day of the hearing, the peasant woman Cseres from Tisza-Eszlar gave 
her account to the Protocol: "In the night in which Esther disappeared, there was a 
great noise near us. . .1 looked out of the window and saw many Jews come and 
go. Later the Jew GroBberg came wringing his hands and called out: "God, what 
have we done, what have we caused to happen!" A strange (186) Jew, according to 
his appearance a Galician, answered GroBberg: "Don't worry, nothing will come 
out of it!" 

The witness SipoB, who was in service with GroBberg at the time of the 
disappearance of Esther, stated that on that evening numerous Jews were on the 
GroBberg property who had conversed excitedly in Jewish dialect; she hadn't 
understood a word. When she stepped into the room, old GroBman immediately 
showed her out again with the remark that they had "something" to discuss. 

Furthermore, it was established without objection that the Jews Schwarz, Braun 
and Buxbaum had entered the locality already on 31 March, a day before the 
murder of Esther and had taken accommodation with the former ritual- 
slaughterers Taub and Jakob SuBmann respectively. 

Moritz Scharf had repeated his statement before the court, that he had observed the 
murder through the keyhole of the inner synagogue door; to the question of the 
President about how long he had watched, the witness answered: "Three-quarters 
or even a whole hour." Examining judge Bary had put this to the test at the scene 
directly after the interrogation of Moritz, to see whether he had actually been able 
to see what he had testified: that was the case. The result was recorded at the scene. 
Now the Court of Justice undertook the verification of this with the assistance of 
the state attorney and the defense counsel; Moritz and his father were brought 
along. And see ~ there was almost nothing visible through the keyhole; only a 
narrow strip of perhaps a half of a meter in the middle of the room was visible! The 
witness had stated in the Protocols that he had looked through the keyhole by 

bending only a little bit and had been able to see well. But now it was established 
that the keyhole was located only 85 cm. above the floor, which implied that 
Moritz could look through it only by crouching over entirely and only for a few 
minutes; he claimed, however, as we see in the Protocol from this local inspection, 
that when Bary had taken him there, he did not need to bend over that way then. 
The basic result of this local inspection was: ". . .It was further determined that 
Moritz Scharf (187) did not see the scene at the [time of] the inspection." One of 
the Jewish defense counsel remarked: "With this inspection of the scene we should 
have opened the whole case, then we need not have had to hear [the case] for five 
weeks long!" 

The defense had prudently been careful not to arrange a local inspection at an 
earlier date, for in the intervening time this ominous synagogue keyhole was 
repositioned in such a clever fashion that at the later examination even the Chief 
State's Attorney of Hungary, when he peered through it, according to his own 
expression, actually "saw nothing"! (46) [This trick was echoed by the O.J. 
Simpson case, and the transparent nonsense of ~ to anyone with common sense ~ 
the well-remembered Jewish shysterism of: if-the-glove-doesn't-fit-you-must- 

There yet remained to refute the expert opinion of the National Medical Council 
about the body washed ashore, in order to be able to also set free the Jews 
imprisoned on the charge of smuggling the body. 

In the search for a "European authority", whose name alone could cancel out all 
former expert opinions, they selected Rudolph Virchow, the Professor and 
Director of the Institute of Pathology at the University of Berlin, who had the 
additional advantage of functioning as a semi-official liberal-"progressive" 
Reichstag member. In his "statement of expert opinion about the autopsy 
procedures in the Tisza-Eszlar criminal case" of 15 June 1883, Virchow, "the great 
friend of the Jews " (47) , actually had the last word, in that he pushed the 
"unreliability of the autopsy protocol of the Drs. Trajtler and KiB of the 19th and 
20th of June 1882 into a bright light," although he had not even obtained one part 
of the body, but could base his opinion merely on the statements of the Budapest 
experts. (188) Thus fell the Superarbitrium of the National Medical Council from 
16 March 1883. 

In the arguments of the judgement of the first stage we read: "There is 
circumstantial evidence, which with respect to the fact that the Medical Council did 
not communicate the motivating factors which are the basis of its expert opinion, 
so that one cannot know on the basis of which anatomical data the Council 
deviated from the expert opinion of the professors in the determination of the 
probable age of the body, and furthermore, with respect to the fact that the body 
was found in the undoubted clothes of Esther (!), allows the acceptance [of the 
fact] that the body in question could be the corpse of Esther Solymosi." 

All was in tidy order: The missing girl had gotten lost on her way ~ although she 
of course, as a child of the village and on a clear day besides, was familiar with 
every hill and dale ~ fell into the TheiB and after months was washed ashore as a 
well-preserved, well cared-for corpse in faultlessly arranged clothes. . . 

But just as in the first days, the mother of the victim remained unswerving in [the 
midst of] these intrigues; she had answered in response to all questioning: 
"Gentlemen of the court, my mother's heart tells me that the Jews, who are sitting 
on the bench of the accused, murdered my daughter. The Jews came to me and 
have offered me a large sum of money if I would make this voice of my heart be 
silent ~ I cannot do it. . ." (H. Desportes, p. 239) 

The pronouncement of judgment was suddenly hurried into: All accused were 
acquitted and insofar as they had suffered economic injury by their long custody 
pending trial, the state had to pay everything! "After great mistakes and errors 
the Nyiregyhaza Court of Justice lets justice rule, indeed, it scorns to throw 
even the shadow of a suspicion upon the innocent prisoners " (48) 

The court President Kornis directed the following "conciliatory words" toward the 
mockingly smiling gang of murderers: "I must admonish you, that you, returning to 
your home hearth and (189) Christian fellow-citizens, bring along peace and 
modesty and refrain from any such provocation which could lead to the arousal of 
excited emotions and to the disturbance of [your] peacefully living together. You 
would not wish to ascribe the suffering and vexation you endured (!) to the judge 
or to the court of Justice or, finally, to individual citizens, but to the coincidence of 
circumstances. You might make friends with the destiny which often interposes 
itself without mercy and heavily in the course of life and which is often impossible 
to avoid even with the greatest lawfulness and decency. " (49) For the mother of the 
victim, however, no one had a word of comfort; on the contrary, she was helplessly 
abandoned to Jewish scorn and imprecations still during the court hearing; 
according to her own statements, the Jews had even finally claimed that she had 
abused Esther, and because of that she had gone into the water. . .even ten years 
later Paul Nathan could spit out at her in the filthiest manner! 

"An uncanny shudder quietly creeps over a person when he views the behavior of 
Jewry in this cause celebre : the Jews, who continuously throw out phrases about 
humanitarianism, enlightenment, human rights, tolerance, and so on, and who refer 
to the law with daring cynicism in all cases where they have been righteously 
attacked ~ the same law which they for the most part hold in contempt and 
trample with their feet ~ these Jews first commit an atrocious ritual-murder, 
cowardly deny it with snide brow, break out filthy obscenities about the pain of 
the grief -bo wed mother, abuse her under hypocritical pretexts, mislead the court, 
cunningly cut the threads of the investigation, like hyenas dig half-decayed bodies 
from their graves, switch them around, dress the false dead body in the garments of 
the slaughtered one, mutually swindle each other for the sake of ill-gotten gains, 
send death threats to judges performing their duties, plan assassinations of the 
same, in order to get incriminating court documents into their possession and will 
finally, (190) if all this doesn't help them and the iron ring is contracting around 
them closer and closer, move on to corpse desecration in the most disgusting and 
repulsive sense of the word, in order to dispel the storm clouds drawing 
threateningly close above the Jews! This is their humanitarianism, their 
enlightenment, their morality, which they proclaim so hypocritically, standing 
upon whose postulate ~ built upon deceit and lies ~ they have the presumption to 
strive for religious tolerance, for tolerance for religious rites like one of these rites 

which has come to the Ught of day in the ritual-sacrifice murder in Tisza-Eszlar. . 

Both of the higher stages confirmed the judgment of acquittal in full. As if on 
signal, the entire body of accused Jews disappeared thereupon from Hungary; 
Moritz Scharf, the "betrayer," went as a diamond polisher to Amsterdam; the 
defense counsel, however, remained in the country and nourished themselves 
"uprightly." One of the first "defenders," the freemason Karl Eotvos, already 
rewarded before the trial with payment on account of 80,000 FL, became a great 
Hungarian landowner. . . 


The acquittal of the accused set lose in the Hungarian people an enormous rage. 
Eotvos and his good friend, the Chief State's Attorney Szeyffert, had to leave 
Nyiregyhaza shortly after the pronouncement of judgement in rash haste and in a 
closed wagon, under the curses of the populace and pursued by a hail of stones. In 
all larger cities of the nation, especially in PreBburg, Kaschau, Odenburg, in 
Budapest and in court locations themselves, serious clashes occurred, Jewish 
shops were stormed, and in the comitats individual Jewish properties went up in 
flames. Nevertheless, all these things only brought water to the mills of Judah. . 
.On 11 September 1883, the already mentioned court preacher Stocker spoke at a 
meeting of his Christian- social party in (191) Berlin about the outcome of this trial; 
there he said, among other things (51) : "The trial of Tisza-Eszlar is decided, the 
accused were acquitted. . .virtuous jurists, among them two state's attorneys, have 
assured me that before the trial they had believed in the innocence of the accused, 
after the decision however, they believe in their guilt; they personally consider 
themselves fully convinced of the guilt of the accused." 

"I was in the country some time after the pronouncement of judgement, and I have 
found no person who had the slightest doubt about the guilt of the accused. . ." 
wrote Edouard Drumont in his preface to the Geheimnis des Blutes {Secret of the 
Blood] of Henry Desportes! 

The peasant woman Cseres said on the occasion of her interrogation in the public 
hearing that it "was being spread about in Tisza-Eszlar that the Christians are 
losing and the Jews are winning"; that the inhabitants of the village had banded 
together and angrily discussed the Jewish machinations and they were finally 
brought back to peace only by the military. ~ Their instincts, not warped by 
miseducation, had told them that certain powers were at work to bend this judge's 

These rumors already took on firmer shape in an "open letter" which a later 
defender of the murder gang, the Jew Bernhard Friedman, directed to the large 
Hungarian newspapers. In a letter of 19 September 1882 the text reads, in part: 
"One sees two outcomes possible for this investigation. One says that the state 
attorney's office will study the case and after there is no acceptable proof, simply 
apply for cessation of the trial. But then one says the matter will be taken from 
the vice- solicitor Bary and entrusted to cleverer (read: to Jewish! ~ the author) and 

more experienced hands, so that the errors committed in the investigation can be 
repaired if possible." In another passage of this letter it further reads: "One other 
issue which will now likewise be decided is this, whether, in case the royal State 
Prosecutor's Office should consider a supplementary investigation necessary, (192) 
Bary should also be entrusted with it despite the numerous errors which he has 
committed ~ or another man? 

But Bary had understood how to maintain his position with the same energy which 
he had employed during the preliminary investigation. Thus actually only the 
former of the two possibilities brought up by Jew Friedman remained open. This 
was the road taken. Now, who is the great unknown "one" who already could know 
all this already, nearly one full year before the judicial decision? Paul Nathan can 
be consulted even for an answer to one part of this crucial question, in that he 
forgets his talmudic, fox like cunning in one passage in his treatment of the Jewish 
triumph in Nyiregyhaza and writes (52) : "There were in Hungary a number of 
people who took up the struggle with courage and genius; by themselves, of 
course, they would have been defeated; but in alliance with the public opinion of 
educated Europe, they triumphed, and the truth triumphed/' 

We know this "educated Europe" already from Damascus; the golden 
Internationale, which forms the "public opinion" and prepares the Jewish "victory"! 
But today we have concrete indications about it: the trial of Tisza-Eszlar became a 
financial-political power-struggle between Jewish High-finance and the nation of 
Hungary which was dependent upon it and which was already heavily in debt to 
international High-finance in the eighties of the 19th century ~ and just at the time 
when the small village by the TheiB was making news, Hungary was in the process 
of negotiating with the house of Rothschild over settlement of its national debt, 
which was burdened with an excessively high rate of interest. The completion 
of this annuity-conversion was supposed to bring an annual savings of 2.5 million 
Gulden in interest to the economically beleaguered country. A few days before the 
beginning of the main hearings at Nyiregyhaza, the Baron Albert Rothschild sent 
a sharply worded dispatch to the Hungarian Finance Minister, Count Szapary; the 
gist of its contents was that the money-market, (193)consisting overwhelmingly of 
Jewish elements, along with the means which stood at its disposal, would bring it 
to pass that "the Hungarian state notes would be depressed to a level which would 
correspond with that of the Hungarian pronouncement of law" - This dispatch 
was also made known in the press! 

The Budapest representative of the House of Rothschild, the Jew Goldschmidt, 
spoke in the days before the main proceedings of the criminal trial as the agent of 
the ''Alliance Israelite'' with the Hungarian Minister, Baron Bela Orczy ~ after the 
"Anglo-Jewish Association" in London had already meddled into this in an 
unheard of fashion ~ and stated to him categorically that they would like the 
charges against the ritual-slaughterers dropped. Furthermore, he threatened him 
with bringing an interpellation in the English Parliament, and put to him the 
impertinent demand that the acquittal of the accused had to occur not at the first 
stage of appeal, but instead immediately at the first judicial hearing! 

On 20 July 1883 Justice Minister Pauler received a telegram from Minister 
President Tisza, in which the latter asked his Justice minister "to strictly control 

and to threaten with dismissal if necessary" the Court President Kornis! 

The paper of the Minister President took up this inspiration and wrote: "The Tisza- 
Eszlar case compromises Hungary! Other countries point their fingers at Hungary. 
The world press pillories us daily. The judgment of the outside world is 
sovereign, it cannot by appealed to anyone. Who has brought this shame upon 
Hungary? Those very people who have created the Tisza-Eszlar trial! We therefore 
simply ask: Que usque tandeml (53) and hereupon demand from them an answer, 
not in words, but in deeds." 

This battue then sufficed to cause the complete collapse of the Court President, 
who up until then had remained unbiased, and to acquit the already convicted Jews 
with words which were almost apologetic, and in a manner of what one might call 
unseemly haste. Jewry had gotten a "moral satisfaction" but the Hungarian state a 
Jewish state loan! As emerges from the journal notes of Justice minister Pauler 
(194) of 26 September 1883, after the conclusion of the trial, the finance- Jew 
Goldschmidt, on the instruction of the Rothschilds, demanded that the Head State's 
Attorneys Kozma and Szeyffert receive honors. Karl Holz wrote of this infamy: 
"Both state's attorneys, who were at the service of Jewry, who put the greatest 
obstacles in the way of the straight course of the court proceedings, who had bent 
the law, were supposed to be honored before the entire Aryan world to the joy of 
Israel for this baseness by His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty!" 

And the Jewish paper Egyenloseg still dared to write after the end of the trial: 
"Would it be a wonder, if after so much terror, Europe would turn from a nation 
which was so weak as not to resist anti-Semitism?!" 

Sixteen years later, in 1899, a sensational incident occurred in the Austrian 
Reichsrat [state council]. The anti-Semitic Deputy Schneider claimed, in a long 
speech, in which he referred back to the blood-murder of Tisza-Eszlar among other 
things, that the Hungarian Minister President Count Andrassy, who died in 1890, 
had himself admitted to him at that time, upon being asked, that a Jewish blood- 
murder had occurred in Tisza-Eszlar. A tumultuous scene ensued; the Jewish 
deputies wailed: "One can easily say that, since Andrassy is dead. To whom did he 
say it?" ~ Then the Deputy Prince Liechtenstein arose and calmly maintained that 
in a conversation relating to Tisza-Eszlar between himself and Andrassy, the latter 
had stated the following: "Indeed, the Jews murdered Esther Solymosi, but we 
could not admit that, otherwise 17,000 Jews would have been slain in Hungary 
the next day - and from where should we have gotten the money (54) then?'' 

Since the Deputy Liebermann von Sonnenberg(55) reported this incident again in 
the German Reichstag on 7 February (195) 1901 as a political fact, concerning 
whose importance he wanted to be clear, we have no reason to doubt the historical 
genuineness of Andrassy's statement. 

The responsible men of one state therefore preferred to look on as the children of 
their people bled to death unatoned for under the the ritual- slaughter knives of 
Galician Jews, than that they do without money credited from Jewish banks which 
these had first sucked out of their hosts! 

According to the classification of Paul Nathan, this category of people is to be 
accounted part of "educated Europe". We will yet find rich opportunity to subject 
this Europe to thorough consideration! 

In this connection one ritual-crime ought still to be mentioned as sequel, which 
happened in 1895 likewise on Hungarian soil. On the morning of 6 September of 
that year, in Honter Comitat in Garam-Kis-Sallo, the farmer Johann Balars sent 
his five-and-a-half year-old daughter JuUska with an errand to the gin-shop Jew 
Ignatz Adler. The girl did not return. On the 10th of September, thus shortly 
before the "great Day of Atonement," the horribly mutilated child's body was 
discovered outside of the place. The Jews had "reconciled" themselves with 

A Catholic clergyman composed a report about this in which the German 
translation reads: (56) : "The skin of the head and chest of the girl was flayed off. 
Cuts from a long, sharp knife were recognizable The body was covered over and 
over again with piercing wounds. The autopsy showed that the child had been 
starved for several days; then the torture began which must have transpired in such 
a way that the little girl was hung up by the feet by iron hooks and had to go 
though the torment while alive ! 

In the body and heart of the victim was not a drop of blood to (196) be found. 

Neither on the body nor on the clothes were there any blood spots. 

At the time when the girl disappeared, by the claim of many witnesses three 
wagons of Jews arrived at Ignatz Adler's place, among them a ritual-slaughterer." 

The Jews remained, as always in Hungary, unmolested; the Jew Adler was merely 
questioned as to whether he had an enemy in the village, at which he named a rich 
farmer. This man and his son, a butcher, were arrested, the latter for the reason that 
at his place, as was normal for his profession, a bloody apron was found! The 
entire populace unanimously accused the Jews of the murder. When the two men 
arrested had also been set free again, the incident indeed proved how far Hungary 
had come. Moreover, Ignatz Adler was so sure of himself that he was able to bring 
suit for libel against the clergyman as "Agitator-Chaplain" and against the 
Hungarian paper which ran his report! Further, in Skurz (1884) and in Konitz 
(1900) non- Jewish butchers had also been accused of this bestial ritual-slaughter 
crime; and these accusations became a tried and true method! 

Go to Chapter 4: Skurz 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Skurz 1884 

Page 1 

(p. 199) 

The blood-murder of Tisza-Eszlar and the events at the Court of justice at 
Nyiregyhaza were still in everyone's memory when a completely similarly 
fashioned crime occurred on German soil. The accompanying circumstances 
allowed a further and thoroughly successful increase in Jewish power and influence 
after the triumph in Hungary to be recognized, insofar as Jewry now knew how to 
arrange things so that the actual murderers remained unmolested and, instead of 
them, a non-Jew was brought to the dock. 

On 21 January 1884, toward eight o'clock in the evening, the fourteen-year-old 
Onophrius CybuUa left the house of the Gappa inn in the village of Skurz 
(governmental district Danzig), where he had been washing up bottles, to make his 
way to his parents, living in the same locale. Although the young fellow had only a 
short way home, he didn't arrive at his parental residence. Witnesses said under 
oath that Onophrius was lured into the property of the Jewish merchant BoB; in 
addition, it could be established that on this evening numerous foreign Jews had 
assembled on the property of BoB, where the whole night long a hive of activity, 
otherwise unknown, prevailed. The non- Jewish serving-girl had been given a 
vacation on this evening without having requested it. In the stable building of the 
Jewish estate, a messy state of confusion reigned on the following morning; in the 
stall of BoB and on the manure pile in the yard, liquid and clotted blood was 
indisputably discovered, and likewise some sacks exhibited blood spots. 

The ritual-slaughterer Josephson was observed in the early morning on a bridge 
located outside the village, with a heavy sack upon his back. Some time later, the 
dismembered body of the youngster was found under this bridge. It was missing 
both thighs, and they were never found. The lower legs were lying in the vicinity of 
the undressed, blood-empty corpse. 

(200) According to the opinion of the medical experts, the thighs had been broken 
off from the pelvic sockets with great expertise and dexterity. With one single cut, 
the right location, where the separation of the bone was possible, was hit. 
Although the murdered boy had been powerfully built and full-blooded, the dead 
body showed itself to be completely empty of blood. On the neck there was a 

transverse cut going down to the spinal column, which had brought about death 
through exsanguination. The abdomen had been sUt open. 

The autopsy yielded further important particulars: wounds were found on the 
fingers, hands, on the back, on the nose, on the forehead and on both eyes; on many 
places of the body there were bloodshot areas. These wounds suggested that the 
boy had defended himself vigorously. As a result of blows to the head, there had 
occurred a severe hematoma in the cranial cavity. Aside from this, there were 
numberless other wounds present, which had first been inflicted on the body. 
These wounds were smooth-edged and likewise had been most skillfully executed 
with a very sharp instrument. The dismemberment of the body had to have taken 
place in a closed room and under full illumination. 

At the place of the discovery of the body, there were neither blood spots nor traces 
of a struggle. According to the findings of the experts, a lust-murder seemed to be 
totally out of the question; likewise the acceptance of a robbery-murder was ruled 
out from the start, since the slain boy was completely without means. 

The Crime Commissar Richard was ordered from Danzig to Skurz. According to 
the most fundamental preliminary work, he investigated as the presumed murderers 
the trader Jews BoB, father and son, as well as the ritual- slaughterer Josephson. 
Jewish strangers , who were seen on the day of the murder, could no longer be 
investigated. The clothes of the Jews were inspected by a chemist. Dr. Bischoff, 
called in as an expert. On a jacket belonging to Josephson, traces of human blood 
were discovered, and in addition the physician Dr. Lindenau found impressions of 
incisors on the left index finger of the ritual-slaughterer. This doctor speculated 
that it (201) could be a bite wound. The investigations furnished further indications 
which heavily incriminated the Jews to an extraordinary degree. Moreover, they 
constantly got caught in contradictions and made the most unbelievable excuses. 

In this critical situation, Richard, the Investigating Commissar up till now, was 
suddenly recalled without specification of sound reasons. The Prussian Minister of 
the Interior, von Puttkamer ~ we have gotten to know him already ~ dispatched 
Commissar Hoft. The populace knew of Hoft, that he saved a large number of 
Jews from Neustettin from the prospect of judicial condemnation in 1881, when 
they were charged under the most serious points of suspicion of having set fire to 
their own dilapidated synagogue with the aid of petroleum ~ even the prayer books 
were soaked through with petroleum ~ in order to receive the high amount of 
insurance. Then the blame for the arson was laid on the "anti-Semites," who had 
wanted (it was claimed) to take revenge; therefore the further course of events 
could not surprise the populace! Next, the Jews in custody were set free. Then the 
guilty were sought after. Under a suspiciously large levy of the most dubious 
means, the trial was supposed to be guided along a determined route. Even Hoft 
came to accept that the dismemberment of the body could only have been 
performed by an expert hand; but this remained the single point in which he agreed 
with the inquiries of his predecessor. 

On 10 May 1884 the old, established. Christian master-butcher of Skurz, 
Behrendt, who was well known for his attitude of opposition to the Jews, was 
arrested and held in custody pending trial for nearly one full year! From the start 
onward, his means had not permitted him to get legal counsel. On 22 April 1885, 

the proceedings began before the jury court in Danzig, with a great throng of a very 
highly incensed pubUc. The evidentiary proceedings turned out to be scandalous 
from the beginning; the Skurz Jews entered court as "prosecution witnesses." The 
non- Jewish witness Zilinski made the following statement under oath: The Jewish 
ritual-slaughterer Blumenheim had come to him to sound him out. In order to learn 
what the Jews were up to, he had assumed the pose of being against Behrendt. 

(202) Thereupon he was invited by Blumenheim to come with him to see a 
gentleman from Berlin, and to tell the latter all the worst (!) that he knew about 
Behrendt. The "gentleman from Berlin" had introduced himself as Commissar 
Hoft, who then unrelentingly tried to persuade him that the Jews could certainly 
not be the perpetrators, etc. Zilinski was supposed to make a statement against 
Behrendt. On a train trip Hoft again insistently demanded that he make statements 
against Behrendt and not, by chance, against the Jews. 

Furthermore, various witnesses stated that on 21 January - thus on the day of the 
disappearance of the boy ~ Behrendt had already arrived at home at about seven 
in the evening; since he had too freely partaken of alcohol, he had to be undressed 
and carried into bed; Behrendt first got up again the next morning and went about 
his work. 

The behavior of Commissar Hoft explains much, but not everything. We must 
further take into account that Landgerichtsrat [district court councilor] Arndt was 
functioning as President of the Court of Justice during the jury court proceedings in 
Danzig, under whose chairmanship at that time the Neustettin Jews accused of the 
synagogue arson got an acquittal during jury court trial in Konitz. As state's 
attorney the Jew PreuB, of all people, had been appointed in the Behrendt trial! 
This Jewish prosecutor pled for the guilt of Behrendt and the innocence of his 
racial comrades BoB and Josephson despite the outcome of the hearing of 
evidence, which had downright devastatingly exposed the Jewish manipulations, 
and although PreuB himself had to concede that it couldn't seem odd when the 
voice of the people was directed against the Jews ~ all the more so, when in the 
year 1879, in the same area a totally similar "mysterious" murder had occurred 
which still is not cleared up to this day; but the investigation against the Jews had 
not then been initiated because of this, but on the basis of entirely other indications. 

According to the Nationalzeitung {National A^^w^*], this prosecutor, who indeed 

(203) had to prove what had driven the accused Behrendt to this crime, stated the 
following: "I cannot, however, definitely designate a motive for this act, and that 
which I would like to name, is difficult for me to state; but I must mention it: it is 
the hatred of Jews (!). It is, of course, possible (!) that Behrendt has been paid 
by someone for the crime, in order to be able to lay the blame the Jews for it. 
Indeed, one has seen, on the occasion of the trial of Tisza-Eszlar and at the 
synagogue arson in Neustettin, how far the hatred of Jews goes!" PreuB 
proposed a motion to declare the accused Behrendt guilty of the slaying! 

The so-called proof of guilt of this Jew against an innocent man, worn down in a 
year of custody pending trial and whose business was ruined, who sat on the bench 
of the accused in place of the Jews BoB and Josephson, in its boundless arrogance, 
brought about the opposite: the sworn jurors acquitted the "accused" after only one 
half-hour's deliberation. 

After one year's custody in jail Behrendt was released again; his earlier existence 
was, not least by the intrigues of his Jewish competitors in Skurz, destroyed, and 
he had to start all over again, almost as a beggar! As a German citizen, the good 
fortune of the Jewish blood-murderers of Damascus and Tisza-Eszlar ~ 
rehabilitated in every way and economically compensated ~ was not to be his lot! 

This trial, too, had developed into a farce, a comedy! At Jewish trials of every 
kind, this theatrical show unworthy of Justice repeated itself so often that the 
people kept losing more and more trust in it. A contemporary voice, of the 
Kulturkdmpfer Otto Glagau {Zeitschrift fur offentliche Angelegenheiten [Magazine 
for Public Affairs], Berlin, 1885, Heft [Volume] 118), determined resignedly: ". . 
.One sees how the Jews have the advantage everywhere and how much worse 
things constantly are shaping up for native-bom citizens. Even Law and Justice are 
not free, but cost more or less money. The poorest Jew, if he falls into the hands 
of the administrators of Justice, never lacks for a clever advocate: his well-to-do 
racial comrades already take care of that; but for the poor, ignorant native-bom 
citizen, not one Christian soul troubles himself!" 

(203)The Jewish-edited Berlin "National" -Zeitung seemed to be not entirely wrong 
when it was able to triumphantly write in its Number 363 of 5 August 1883, after 
the conclusion of the ritual-murder trial of Tisza-Eszlar: "If the survey of the 
investigation of Tisza-Eszlar was described by many in righteous anger as a 
disgrace of our century, so has the conclusion of the trial made a charge of a 
ritual religious murder judicially and scientifically impossible for the future." - 
- In dry words this means: At the command of intemational Jewry, a charge of 
ritual-murder has to fail for all future time! 

The following ritual-murder cases will establish the proof 

Go to Chapter 5: Corfu 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


Page 1 

(p. 207) 

The year 1891 can be called fateful insofar as within one quarter-year two ritual- 
crimes of complete similarity accompanied by circumstances just as similar, and 
in two different regions of Europe ~ Corfu and Xanten ~ focused the interest of 
the public upon both these places. This captured attention would have been enough 
in itself to once and for all dispel that darkness which had seemingly become more 
and more impenetrable for the middle-class world despite Damascus, Tisza-Eszlar 
and Skurz. 

As Jewish gold prepared the way for the Emancipation, so the other great power of 
World Jewry, its press, methodically extended these acquisitions. It also helped to 
draw "a thick veil over those bloody scenes" ~ and they were forgotten! 

In Greece there was soon no longer a single national newspaper which possessed 
the courage to give a clear, unbiased account of the events on Corfu. But Jewry had 
ever to fear the unbiased account and knew how to prevent this as well. Thus 
nothing remained for national Greek circles, other than to hand over their reports 
for publication to the single foreign paper which had the courage to call these 
things by their right name. 

These original reports, from the pens of honorable men who knew exactly where 
the murderers and their taskmasters were to be found, but who in and of 

themselves were too weak to be able to grapple with them, had a shocking effect in 
their restrained, objective tone. But after four decades of oblivion, we have have an 
obligation today [1943] to again make them public. 

At the beginning of May 1891 the governments of France, England, and Greece 
dispatched warships to the totally unarmed island of Corfu; the King of Greece 
made his way there in person, ministers resigned, the high and (208) the highest of 
officials were relieved of their duties, the governments of the European Great 
Powers engaged in diplomatic moves in Athens, note after note was exchanged, 
and the honest old postal clerks of the main post office in Athens affirmed with a 
sigh that never before during their long terms of service had such a large number of 
encrypted dispatches come in and been sent out, as in those days! 

Finally the most effective thing of all occurred: The Greek debt-notes fell 
alarmingly at all stock exchanges in the world, the last resistance of the 
government of a small nation was broken. The Alliance Israelite Universelle had 
engaged in their old methods here, too! Jewish high finance and international 
[news] dispatch bureaus, the sharpest weapons of universal Judah, prevented, under 
downright outrageous circumstances, the implementation of a judicial procedure 
which had the mission of exacting justice for a ritual-crime upon an eight year-old 

"From detailed information, we are in a position to be able to report that no kind of 
visible traces of wounds were found on the murder victim; to accept that this is a 
murder done out of ritual reasons, is to credit with belief a populace which is as 
fanatical as it is ignorant; moreover, this is a case of a Jewish child" ~ In this vein 
wrote the Jewish papers of all nations with identical voice, and for Germany, the 
leading press organ of the A.I.U., the Berliner Tageblatt, with its circulation of a 
quarter million, adopted a cunningly drawn up system of falsifications 

Fortunately, there was a German paper that made the effort to unmask this 
infamous Jewish tactic and the broadly fielded campaign of lies and to search for 
the truth, though without being able to bring about the just and objective realization 
of court proceedings, since the German government had already bowed to Jewish 
interests! Running from the end of April until the end of May 1891, the Neue 
Preufiische Zeitung (Kreutzzeitung) [New Prussian Times (Cross Times ~ another 
name for the New Prussian Times)] brought out the sensational "Corfu Letters," 
whose contents originated with the expositions of highly placed, nationally-minded 
Greek politicians and scientists, who had totally and clearly seen through the 
subversions of international Jewry. A number of these letters were (209) composed 
by a parliamentary deputy from Corfu itself and transmitted for publication in the 
Kreutzzeitung through intermediaries. In their time, these articles in the 
Kreuzzeitung very much got on the nerves of the Jewish wire-pullers; it's no 
wonder that the hatred of their tribal co-religionists was directed first and foremost 
against this brave paper and then against the German nationality itself. 

What had happened? 

On the night of 12/13 April 1891, the completely blood-empty body of an 
approximately eight-year-old girl, punctured and cut to the point of 
unrecognizability, had been discovered in the entryway of a house near the 
synagogue of Corfu under mysterious circumstances. 

The employee of the Kreuzzeitung dispatched to Corfu as a correspondent received 
a report delivered by a Corfu friend, which, composed while still under the 
impression of the events and authentic in all details, was made the lead article (1) 
in the said paper. This letter from Corfu reads: 

"In the night of 12 April toward ten-thirty, it was announced by town-criers that 
the Jew Salomon Sarda was missing his little eight-year-old daughter; whoever 
might know anything about her whereabouts, should report it. The following day 
people were shocked to learn that the body of the child had been discovered in a 
sack in the entrance way of a Jewish house. The father himself had found her 

when he looked through the entrance way for the missing child while walking 
home from drinking coffee (!) at around two in the morning. There he suddenly 
stumbled over the body and had immediately summoned the night watchman. The 
latter stated that Sarda had displayed no kind of surprise or pain at the sight of 
the body. The autopsy, which was conducted by four of the best trained 
physicians in Europe, revealed the presence of a wound on the neck as well as 
one on the heart and one arm, and a bump on the head. Death must have 
ensued as the result of loss of blood, after the child had presumably been 
rendered unconscious by a blow to the head. In the body there (210) was not 
even a drop of blood; rather, numerous needle punctures at various places 
indicated that the murderers had made sure to carefully evacuate the blood 
completely. The wounds were ~ as was the entire body ~ washed clean and 
plugged with the hair of the girl. Even on the underwear there was not the 
slightest trace of blood to be noticed. 

The unusual circumstances under which the crime, as well as the discovery of the 
body, had occurred, in connection with the fact that shortly before the Jewish 
Easter had been celebrated and similar events from the end of the previous and 
the beginning of this century were still in everyone's mind, impelled the masses 
to the forceful belief that it is was matter of one of those ritual human sacrifices for 
the acquisition of blood, which, despite all that has been written against it, 
nevertheless exists in the mind of all peoples and always has existed, and by 
means of events of this kind is ever brought to mind all over again. . .The 
rumor was spreading that the deceased was by no means a Jewess, but on the 
contrary, was a Christian girl by the name of Maria Dessyla, kidnapped in Janina, 
who frequently had called herself by that name. The excitement which has swept 
over the people as a result of this defies description. All the same, justice would 
have been allowed to run its course with the generally peaceful nature of the 
Corfuites, if the Jews had not unanimously, as if a signal had been given, expressed 
the outrageous accusation that the Christians had murdered the child in this 
manner in order to set the people against the Jews. . ." 

Also, an employee of the Staatsburgerzeitung [National Citizen Times], who had 
plentiful contacts in Greece from his longer residence in Athens and the Orient, 
turned to three different persons in Athens with the written request for information 
about the events in Corfu. From all three ~ among them a historian and philologist 
~ comprehensive reports came in which contained downright overwhelming 

The Jew Vita Chaim Sarda de Salomon had originally claimed that it was his 
own daughter (211) who had fallen victim to this crime; indeed, the identity of the 
girl was not immediately definitely established because the small body was cut up 
in the most hideous manner and resembled a single wound. According to a special 
report from Athens of 15 May 1891, the official autopsy of the medical 
examiner showed that death was brought about by the cutting the the neck and 
subsequent fatal hemorrhage. In the particulars, one learned that neck arteries 
and neck veins were opened to a depth of 10 cm by means of surgical 
instruments. Likewise, the arteries and veins of both arms were punctured. The 
heart was punctured. Approximately twenty smaller, very deeply penetrating 
cuts were discovered, in addition to numerous piercing wounds on all parts of 

the body; the head of the girl alone showed seven knife cuts. The legs appeared 
forcibly stretched and bent(2). The body was absolutely empty of blood! 

The parliamentary deputy from Corfu, Georgios Zervos, a leading Corfuite, made 
frightful accusations in his report. Four Jews had been charged with the bestial 
murder: the Jewish tailor Sarda, who had taken the non- Jewish girl Maria 
Dessyla, who came from Janina, allegedly as foster child, and ritually-slaughtered 
her in company with the synagogue servant Naxon, the grave-digger of the Jewish 
community, and a Jewish beggar by the name of Ephraim. The latter was also 
charged with committing deliberate perjury. 

Four Roman Catholic nuns who conducted a girls' school in Corfu appeared as 
witnesses for the prosecution. The child had been brought to this school at the 
approximate age of six; on this occasion, the tailor Sarda avoided giving further 
details about the child, despite repeated requests, so that the school had to rely 
upon the statements of the student herself that she was named Maria Dessyla and 
was bom in 1883 in Janina. These declarations of the nuns were vigorously 
attacked by the Rabbi of Corfu, who presented a birth register written in Hebrew, 
in which the murdered girl was supposed to have been entered as the daughter of 
the tailor Sarda! At closer examination (212) the register was shown to be forged. 
In the official Greek civil registry the child was listed nowhere as the child of 
Sarda, although the latter was already resident for twelve years in Corfu! All of 
these circumstances allowed it to be recognized that the allegedly orphaned child 
had fallen into the claws of this Jew years before in one way or another, so that she 
could be allowed to disappear again if need be, and that all further personal 
particulars [of the child] had been most carefully avoided on purpose. 

The chief witnesses, two Greek police officers, observed the murder band on the 
night in question as it made to bury a body in a sack in the Jewish cemetary; but the 
Jews succeeded in escaping. To divert suspicion from themselves, the Jews had 
made the first "announcement" according to the procedure which they had already 
practiced many centuries earlier in Trent. After the Jew Sarda made use of the 
public town-criers on the evening of 12 April, he appeared in the morning hours of 
13 April at the police bureau in Corfu and boldly declared, without a trace of 
sorrow, that someone had murdered "his child" and thrown the body in a sack, in 
the entryway in front of his residence, near the synagogue. To the police 
commissar in charge these statements seemed highly suspicious, and he held Sarda 
in custody. On the basis of the statements of witnesses, the evidence grew stronger 
and stronger. After three days, there appeared before the examining judge a an 
"exonerating witness" in the form of the half -blind Jewish beggar Ephraim. This 
one would have it that, in spite of his poor vision, he had seen five peasants with 
the child's body on the night in question! Because he continued to get caught in 
awful contradictions, he fell under grave suspicion not only of perjury, but of being 
at least an accessory to the bestial crime. 

What happened to the accused Jews? 

The government authorities at first tried ~ as in all nations ~ to treat the whole 
matter as a "fairy tale," but soon had to realize that the case could no longer be 
covered up! But the government did not possess the courage and ~ the power, to 

honestly take into account the people's sense of right, and thereby the outrage of 
the populace increased by the hour. (213) In order to gain time, following proven 
methods the Prefect of Corfu, and then the state prosecutor entrusted with the case, 
were summoned to Athens to make a report to the government. This report-making 
absorbed more time. Meanwhile international, Jewish-inspired diplomacy had 
paved the way. The Greek Minister President Delyannis responded to the 
interventions which England, France, Italy, and Austria had made with him for the 
protection of the Jews, that "the official investigation might come across certain 
factors which would be likely to foster the acceptance of the Christian 
population with respect to [belief in] a ritual-murder." He therefore was making 
an effort to "postpone the opening of the trial proceedings against the Jews 
charged with murder, so that this might gain time for producing the necessary 
proof of their innocence." 

To express this in plain words: Delyannis himself is convinced that a child of his 
people has been ritually-slaughtered ~ but his hands are already tied as far as being 
able to resort to drastic measures! 

For refuting the Kreuzzeitung reports, the Berliner Tageblatt dispatched to Greece 
its own correspondent, a Dr. Barth. We must examine this situation somewhat 
more closely, because the unscrupulous actions of the Jewish press were 
responsible for the unrest on Corfu. It has not been possible for us to determine 
whether this Dr. Barth himself was an international press-Jew, or merely a paid 
creature of the Jews; However, his tactics were so revealing that even today they 
still are able to contribute to the story of the Jewish press battle! 

Having arrived in Corfu, Barth became involved in feverish activity to confuse 
public opinion by means of a great quantity of tendentiously distorted and 
consciously falsified reports and telegrams. In that way he had succeeded in 
wrangling a declaration, virtually to order, from the Greek archbishop in Corfu and 
from the Prefect. After these "successes" Dr. Barth went over to his main assault 
upon the deputy Zervos. The latter's authentic reports were described as "liberally 
and totally invented," witnesses' statements, according to tried and true methods, 
were rendered with distortions; (214) finally, Barth fabricated a conversation with 
the Minister President Delyannis, to throw light upon the "case" ~ but let us 
pursue this press battle by means of the Kreuzzeitung reports! 

"Berlin, 16 May 1891(3) ~ In regard to the "official denial" of the Wiener 
Fremdenblatt [literally, Vienna Foreign Page], which from Rome is supposed to 
have reported the incorrectness of our earlier report concerning the ritual-murder, 
and about which the local Jewish press was naturally beside itself with joy, we 
have the following to reply: A statement from an authoritative source has been 
made to us that ~ as of noon today ~ no official denial whatsoever against that 
telegram published in the Kreuzzeitung has been made on the part of the 
government. According to the judgement of the local Greek colony, it is also 
absolutely out of the question that Mr. Delyannis would be able to deny the fact of 
the murder of the Christian girl Maria Dessyla by Jews, without damaging his 
position as Minister President, as long as the trial against the Jews charged with 
the murder has not been conducted to its end in a manner completely open to the 
public. . .and if the Greek government had even the slightest evidence for the 

innocence of the Jews, it would have pubUshed this in the organs which stand at its 
disposal a long time ago; yet not only has this not occurred, but all the papers of 
Athens have up to this time set down the facts of the murder as established. We 
would therefore like to advise papers such as the Kurier and the Berliner Tageblatt 
to turn elsewhere with their attacks. ~ For the rest, we are able to assure the ~ 
Jewish — leaders of these organs, that we know quite well what efforts 
individuals of their tribal persuasion have made to arrange official denials 
toward the Kreuzzeitung[s reports]. But these efforts were in vain for Berlin; 
naturally it is easier to manage this in Vienna, where the relations of the semi- 
official Fremdenblatt to Jewish haute finance are certainly known to everyone." 

On 21 May 1891, we read on the first page of Nr. 230 of the Kreuzzeitung under 
the headline: "On the issue of ritual-murder on Corfu": 

(215) "The frightful terror which all of international Jewry felt in every limb when 
we shattered the attempted cover-ups by the telegraph agencies under Jewish 
influence with our recent report, and frankly pointed out that in Greece, not only 
the masses, but also people of substance believed in the existence of ritual- 
murder on Corfu, has led to the local main organ of the Jews, the Berliner 
Tageblatt, sending its own correspondent to Corfu. The latter immediately 
managed to prove on the spot all the reports on this case published by the 
Kreuzzeitung to be "inventions," by getting himself confirmation from the Greek 
archbishop on Corfu that the murdered girl was of Jewish descent and that [it was] 
probably a [case of] lust-murder. ~ It may, perhaps, be true that the representative 
of the Berliner Tageblatt actually received this information from the archbishop; 
but only the personal opinion of the latter has been expressed by that 
confirmation. The archbishop, however, is no examining judge, so that his 
judgement is not supported by any kind of real evidence; also, by force of 
necessity, he [the archbishop] must seek to calm again the wildly aroused passions 
of the people, so that it is understandable that he will speak as pacifyingly as 
possible before the public. This view is totally confirmed for us by a source whom 
we have cause to regard as competent and it is suggested by the fact that the the 
Prefect of Corfu, who has meanwhile been dismissed from his office, in the 
beginning had claimed the same thing as the archbishop is now asserting. Since in 
the meantime all circumstances which have become known have contradicted 
this assertion, this claim has led to the uncommon animosity of the people and 
finally to riots. And the fact that the government has recalled the Prefect at the 
urging of the masses of the people likewise shows that the former regards the 
Jewish extraction of the murdered girl as in no sense established. 

Nevertheless, in order to proceed surely and to be able to offer the correspondent of 
the Berliner Tageblatt at least an equally good testimony, we have asked the 
publisher of the most widely read Athens paper, the Acropolis, to inform us by 
telegraph (216) of his view of the state of the Corfu Affair, in order to thereby 
retain one further check upon the reports of our permanent Athens correspondent: 

Athens, 20 May, evening. The Kreuzzeitung is completely justified in speaking of 
a ritual murder. All known results of the investigation up to the present, can 
be regarded as proof of this." 

So much for the Kreuzzeitung. Its reporting was proof against attacks and 

unassailable. Thus, finally, the German nationality as such had to become a target 
of attack! These perfidious methods do not appear to be out of date even today! 
[Indeed ~ the instinctive and deadly hostility of Jewry to Germany and Germans, 
above all other peoples, antedated the Third Reich and the respective positions of 
these two arch-enemies in 2001 is the one feature of the current situation we can be 
grateful Hellmut Schramm was spared having to see.]. 

On 16 May 1891, the Kreuzzeitung reported in connection with the alleged official 
denial of the Greek Minister President, that the Jewish press had made the further 
untrue claim that in Corfu "anti-Semitic" pictures and fliers with German text 
were surfacing. In reality, it was a matter of harmless Greek newspapers, which 
were regularly published in Athens, Patras, and Corfu as daily papers. In these 
were the most varied illustrations concerning the events on Corfu. Several Greek 
papers naturally put out a picture of the murdered girl, an "extra edition" out of 
Corfu had a [picture of] the house of the Jew Sarda in front of which the body was 
found lying in a sack, as well as the hardly sympathetic portrait of this man who 
had had the murdered child for several years in "foster care." One other picture 
represented the nocturnal scene in the Jewish cemetary, where those accused of the 
murder had tried to bury the body. Under this picture was verse written in the 
dialect of the Ionian islands, which reads: 
"Is that not an insult, is that not a crime? 
To the Jewish burial grounds they had brought Maria. 
Maria was Christian and was baptized, 
and in the Jewish cemetary they dug a grave for her." 

The Kreuzzeitung wrote in conclusion to this: "In consideration for our 'Jewish 
fellow-citizens*, we shall not give further samples of the texts of these papers; it is 
hoped that these verses (217) suffice to destroy the fairy-tale of the 'German' 
inflammatory papers!" 

With the beginning of the unrest on Corfu, this infamous lie was again brought up. 
On 21 May 1891, the Kreuzzeitung received from Athens the message by telegram 
that simultaneously with the start of the riots on Corfu, telegrams were 
dispatched from out of Constantinople (!), to Vienna, Berlin, and Paris ~ thus 
the centers of World Jewry ~ which told that anti-Semitic pictures with German 
text were being spread around in Smyrna. Upon being immediately questioned 
about this, the Greek consulate there made the unqualified statement that nothing 
whatsoever was known about this in Smyrna. "On this account, it is believed 
that the Jews of other cities had known about the murder on Corfu, since the 
denial-system (4) was already arranged ahead of time. The statement of the 
archbishop is private opinion, which is also shared by diplomatic (!) 
representatives. But, despite many requests, the government has endorsed this 
viewpoint by no announcement of any sort. If there had been any kind of proof 
whatsoever for this, it would do so gladly. . .The Minister Deliorgis stated that the 
presence of the foreign warships made the position of the cabinet more 
difficult, since a crisis in the government is probable." 

This shameless and provocative maneuver of the Jewish agents produced, with all 
its Satanic slyness, an unforeseen turn of events. The otherwise peaceful populace 
of Corfu, having become mistrustful due to these subversions, recalled similarly 

circumstanced murder cases from earlier years which had remained unsolved! 

Moreover, the nuns had then declared under oath that the Uttle girl had been the 
Maria Dessyla who was being taught by them. ~ Besides this, the Jewish Easter 
had just been celebrated shortly before the crime. "Actually, the people found 
evidence for this custom of the Jews in nearly every year. At the time of the Easter 
of the year before, a Jewish riot arose in Smyrna when a small Christian girl 

(218) had disappeared, whose corpse was supposed to have been discovered in 
the water, allegedly by the Turkish authorities(5). Among the Christians, 
however, everyone was convinced that the child had been ritually-slaughtered 
by the Jews. . .One must also consider that the Jewish population in Corfu is still 
of the outright dubious origin of the earlier Venetian times, that the island for 
almost centuries at a time was the point of passage of all Jews immigrating from 
Asia Minor, Arabia, and North Africa to the South of Europe and right here was 
where the most backward of all of the customs of the "Mosaic confession" were to 
be found. Even today the colloquial language of the Jews in Corfu is a Hebrew and 
Arabic mixed with elements of Spanish and Italian, and their religious practices are 
closed to any non-Jew. Thus, if the suspicion can exist anywhere in Europe, that 
the Jews could, in accordance with old Talmudic laws, go so far in their hatred 
for Christianity as to the killing of Christian children and to the use of Christian 
blood, the unique occupants of the Jewish Quarter in Corfu offers the greatest 
possibility for this. "(6) 

The unrest which was already breaking out on Corfu at the end of April 1891 has 
been grossly exaggerated: "loads" of the tribal comrades were "slaughtered" ~ one 
need only recall the atrocity reports of the Jew Pieritz out of Damascus from the 
year 1840! --. 

Naturally the precious Jewish blood flowed out in "currents". The Jews locked in 
their Ghetto had been abandoned to "death by starvation". In contrast to this stood 
the official government reports on the facts: The window panes of some houses 
were smashed into rubble, some Jews, who had behaved too provokingly were 
beaten with sticks, but not a single Jew was seriously wounded, to say nothing of 
killed in those days! In the beginning, the populace of Corfu trusted the judicial 

(219) investigation and therefore kept order by itself ~ the insignificant military 
detachment stationed in Corfu would not even have initially been able to do so. 

But when the future showed that the course of the government was apparently in 
advance already being subordinated to foreign interests, the people became 
suspicious. The authorities were accused quite openly of bribery. For example, that 
the state attorney had first begun his foot-dragging investigation many hours after 
discovery of the body, had repeatedly allowed himself to be led down blind alleys 
and thus had lost much precious time. That the Ghetto had not been searched at 
all, while because of supposed excesses many non-Jews were arrested and were 
taken away right before the eyes of the Jews. 

The Rabbi of Corfu, apparently on instructions, went too far with things: he 
publicized a declaration manipulated out of the Archbishop of Corfu, which the 
latter had already given to the notorious Dr. Barth, that the child had been of 
Jewish extraction and was the natural daughter of the tailor Salomon Sarda. The 
French Consul Danloux accepted this declaration in accordance with his own 

wishes. The Archbishop of Zante, Dionysius Latas, also shared the view of the 
Archbishop of Corfu in full compass(7}. At the international Congress of Religion 
at Chicago, Latas later stated the following: ". . .among the ignorant masses of the 
population, the belief is spread that the Jews for the purposes of their religious rite 
make use of the blood of Christian children and that, in order to procure it for 
themselves, do not shrink back from committing murder. As a result of this belief, 
persecutions of the Jews frequently break out, and the innocent victims are 
exposed to many acts of violence and danger. Considering the fact that such false 
notions have also spread among the ignorant masses of other nations and in the 
last decade Germany and Austria were the showplace of trials against innocent 
Jews. . .as a Christian priest I ask that this Congress take note of our conviction 
that Judaism forbids murder of every kind and that none of its (220) sacred 
authorities and books command or permit the use of human blood for ritual 
purposes or religious ceremonies. The spreading of such a slander against the 
believers of a monotheistic religion is unchristian. It is incompatible with the duty 
of Christians, to allow such a terrible accusation to go uncontradicted, and the good 
repute of Christianity demands that I ask this parliament to declare that Judaism 
and the Jews are just as innocent of a crime falsely imputed to them, as the 
Christians of the first centuries were. . ." 

The consequent continuing of these provocations then read: Corfuites killed the 
child in order to put the Jews under suspicion of perpetrating the deed! 

With that, the forbearance of the populace was exhausted. A Good Friday 
procession attempted to force its way into the Ghetto, in order to compel the 
surrender of the band of murderers. A reinforced military unit, which had been 
placed there for the protection of the Ghetto, fired upon the defenseless procession. 
Three participants were shot dead, about twelve, of whom some later died, were 
left behind critically wounded at the site, to the mockery of a raging Jewish mob! 
For the protection of the Jewish segment of the population, the warships of foreign 
powers came into the harbor. . . 

A report out of London from 15 May revealed these connections: "London, 15 
May 1891. ~ The Lower House. The Under Secretary of State in the Colonial 
Office, Baron von Worms (!), stated that the English representative in Athens has 
made remonstrances to the Hellenic government because of the riots which have 
taken place on Corfu against the Jews. The admiral in command of the 
Mediterranean fleet has been instructed to send a warship to Corfu in order to 
cooperate with the English Consul there in the protection of the British subjects of 
the Jewish religion (!). Worms then read out a telegram which had arrived at the 
Foreign Office, according to which a Jew was killed by some Greeks after the 
revolt. The Greek government has granted assistance to the poor Jews suffering 
from hunger." 

In the middle of May 1891, the situation came to a further head. On 15 May it was 
reported from Athens: "Yesterday a war ship (221) departed for Corfu," and 
according to a report from Vienna a state of siege had been imposed and the 
governor and mayors deposed from Corfu due to their alleged "irresolute attitude." 
~ In Athens "the local German envoy Count Wesdehlen as well as the English 
envoy" had "longer confidential discussions with the Minister Delyannis." (8) 

But International Jewry spun into its web of political machinery not only a 
commanding admiral, ministers and ministries, but even a king, without, perhaps, 
the final connections ever becoming clear to him. 

In these May days which were critical for Jewry, King George of Greece was sent 
to Corfu. The Jewish press effusively took note of this "voluntary" decision of the 
king. The Kreuzzeitung commented on this news as follows_(9}: "The report, that 
King George of Greece has decided to travel personally to Corfu and to rest there 
for some weeks and to calm the unrest of the Christian population by his presence, 
can only be viewed as a further proof that the Jews on Corfu have so far been able 
to produce no exonerating factors whatsoever in regard to the crime imputed to 
them. Therefore it is understandable in what an embarrassing position the official 
circles of Greece find themselves. The entire population is permeated by the 
conviction that the murder has been committed by the Jewish community, and 
any further delay in letting the trial go forward before the public must necessarily 
increase the exasperation of the people. But since almost overwhelming proof 
exists against the Jews charged with the murder, a verdict of acquittal is 
unthinkable. So, for International Jewry, it all depends upon the trial not reaching 
the state of actual proceedings at all, which is why they are demanding that the 
Greek government bring the unrest of the population of Corfu and the rest of the 
islands to an end by whatever other means [necessary]. Since this frankly will be 
hard to achieve by means of violence, (222) the king accordingly is supposed to go 
himself to Corfu in order to appease the people by means of the authority of his 
crown and by kind persuasion." The paper concluded its report with the words: "In 
any case, however. King George would bring a very great sacrifice to 
International Jewry through such a decision." ~ In this, as in the previous reports, 
the opinions of the Greek authorities are already being hinted at. The letter of the 
already several times mentioned Deputy Georgios Zervos gave further 
information, is simply shocking to read and gives insight into Jewish subversion of 
the press. Zervos wrote to the Krezzeitung from Corfu (10) : ". . .In the authorities, 
who still seem to have found no trace of the murderers, people have lost all trust. 
Something abominable has happened. Many Anthenian (read: Jewish-inspired) 
newspapers have been inaugurating a genuine crusade against Corfu and its 'anti- 
Semitic' inhabitants, in order to make difficulties for the government of Delyannis 
domestically and abroad. All incidents were frightfully exaggerated, countless lies 
printed and sent out all over the world. The foreign (read: international!) press got 
hold of the case, and since it is in Jewish hands for the most part, all that appeared 
from tendentious reports in the Athenian papers, or was sent in by Korfuite Jews 
out of feelings of fear and revenge, was reprinted with new exaggerations. The 
Vienna papers and the Pester Lloy d(ll) have particularly distinguished themselves, 
and the latter has had the gall to claim that the excesses were continuing, although 
it had been proven [it claimed] that the Christians had murdered the child out of 
fanatical motives. Such shameful libels are peddled in all of Europe and we are 
able to do nothing against it until the truth will have come to light in court. For 
the present, the government has dismissed examining judges, nomarchs [Greek 
officials equivalent to governors] and other officials and installed new ones who 
have gone to work without prejudice. At the same time there have been new 
military reinforcements and money for the poor Jews has arrived; under armed 
(223) protection, they are now allowed to follow their usual occupations in the 

customs house and in their shops. While so occupied, one Jew was stabbed to 
death by a fanatic from the people. Therefore, one Jew has been killed, compared 
to so many Christians who were slain or wounded in Zante. No Jew is in custody, 
while our prisons are filled with Christians because of it. Therefore it is [a 
matter of] disgraceful lies when English papers say that nine Jews had been 
stabbed to death and many others starving. . . 

To summarize all this, the unrest of the people is sufficiently explained by the 
murder itself and its accompanying circumstances, by the limp management of the 
investigation on the part of the authorities, and by the insinuations of the Israelite 
population, which push the responsibility for the murder off onto Christians, and it 
is a wonder that the people, as a whole, have observed such a moderate attitude. 
Bloodshed has been most meticulously avoided, not out of fear of the military, 
since that was in the beginning much too small a force, and the Korfuites have 
demonstrated on former occasions against English troops, that they do not fear 
weapons. The Ghetto was not blockaded in order to starve the Jews to death, but 
rather to force them to deliver the murderers. Not a single person has starved to 
death. But in this case it has again been clearly shown how great the power of the 
Golden Internationale already is! One Jew is dead, and all the governments of 
Europe raise expostulations with ours; an English and a French warship lie in our 
harbor, and the Greek debt-notes have fallen significantly in Berlin. Let it be 
mentioned that the Jews in Korfu have lived unmolested for at least six centuries, 
although in the year 1812 a similar crime was committed as can be proved. 
Recently they have made themselves, to be sure, very much hated due to the 
ruthless exploitation of privileges which have been conceded to them by the 
Ministry of Trikupi for reasons of [political] election." 

The fire drummed up by the Jewish news bureaus, or ~ as Zervos described this 
press campaign: "The crusade against everything non- Jewish" ~ became, even for 
the forbearing Greek (224) government, too much in the long run. In the middle of 
May, 1891, the Kreuzzeitung learned (12) : ". . .The information has been imparted 
by the Greek Ministry that the telegrams published up to now have been heavily 
exaggerated. The murder of a young girl which took place before Easter, has, in 
the opinion of the people, been attributed to the Jews. Consequently, a certain 
excitability has gotten hold of the populace of both islands (Corfu and Zante), and 
some riots occurred. . .A mild unrest still exists on one island (Zante); but the 
government immediately strengthened public forces, as well as ordered judicial 
prosecutions and taken strict measures, so that there no longer is any doubt that 
complete peace will be restored in the very near future. The Jews in Greece have 
always enjoyed the complete equal status before the law with the rest of the 
population. . ." 

Eight days after this government statement the peace of the grave came to Corfu. ~ 
Corfu, 23 May 1891: "The peace remains undisturbed. Several individuals who 
were distributing provocative placards were arrested. . ." 

The individuals are its own subjects. . . 

And the Jewish murderers? 

The "preliminary investigation" was suddenly declared to be ended. This outcome 
could certainly not be a surprise after the intrigues which preceded it. ~ Athens, 24 
May 1891: "Even those who are inclined, out of [their own] interests or for reasons 
of philanthropic enthusiasm, to describe the ritual-murder on Corfu as a "fairy- 
tale," have to frankly admit that they are confronted with a puzzle. Everyone asks 
himself: How does the government come to take such a position? Since 15 May the 
investigation of the case has been concluded; at least no more witnesses have been 
questioned since that day; all of the accused Jews were released from custody, 
whereupon they immediately all emigrated from Corfu. And if the government 
permits the Jews charged with such a monstrous crime to emigrate, would it not 
then be compelled to proclaim openly before the nation and before Europe, that 
they had been falsely accused? ~ Here is the way matters stand: the investigation 
has brought to light (225) a result which the government believes must be 
concealed under all circumstances. Nothing has been given out by the authorities 
up till now, in any kind of official form, on the contrary, it is accepted that 
particular persons, who are completely under Jewish influence, are trying to quietly 
spread the story that the innocence of the Jews has been proven. Contrary to this 
claim, two physicians and further witnesses, from whose statements, recorded 
before the court, the ritual-murder must be regarded as proven, have publicly 
asked the state's attorney in Corfu to summon them before the court due to the 
bearing of false witness [by others]. But this, too, has not been done." Only one 
thing did occur: The Corfuite Jews cheerfully emigrated en masse and thereby they 
themselves supplied manifest proof of their guilt. While the judicial investigation 
was still going on, simply enormous payments for the "oppressed, abused Jews of 
Corfu" arrived from all parts of Europe ~ which, however, were paid only to those 
who resolved to emigrate. For a few drachmas they sold off their belongings; upon 
being reproached that by this mass-flight they were indeed documenting their 
consciousness of guilt, the happy emigrants answered as one, that they had been 
promised the most far-reaching support in Turkey, in Asia Minor, and in 
Palestine (!). In response to this, the Kreuzzeitung wrote on its front page of 30 
May 1891: ". . .For, when the first Jews have gone off from Corfu, those in Zante, 
Chalcis, and Thessaly will follow them, and the Greek people will be free for a 
while from these unpleasant guests. . .It is clear that the gathering of the Jews in 
the Turkish lands will only facilitate the repetition of similar crimes, for one 
cannot in truth demand from the mohammedan justice authorities and from the 
weak and the continually financially strapped Turkish government ~ and demand 
it in favor of Christianity ~ what Christian states have failed to do for fear of 

But in the second week of May in this year, which was so painful for Greece, 900 
Jews left Corfu, until at the end of June this former Jewish paradise was supposed 
to have been evacuated! 

(226) During these events, Berlin and London bank- Jews continued in an 
uninterrupted exchange of dispatches with the Greek Finance Minister Karapanos, 
to the point where the ears of the old telegraph clerks rang! At the end, the Greek 
government consented to waive the right to any continuing of the trial and to 
immediately release from custody the Jews charged with the murder, if all Jews 
would emigrate. . . But the following version was stubbornly being claimed in 
Athens: at the first remonstrances, made in common by the Great Powers, the 

Greek Minister President Delyannis plainly affirmed the probability of a ritual- 
crime. But this statement had the effect of a bomb in all circles of European 
Finance- Jewry! From every side threats and political repercussions were tried, to 
move the Minister President to recant. Delyannis remained steadfast and 
described the fulfillment of this presumptuous demand as a flat impossibility. He 
hinted that [if this demand were met] still far greater excesses against the Jews 
living in Greece would probably occur and that his own position would be 
insecure. But his successor would take over the carrying out of the trial. Under 
these circumstances a compromise was agreed upon. . . 

For this compromise, also, the Greek government ~ and this is the most shameful 
thing ~ had to contribute 120,000 Francs! The Herr Rabbi of Corfu expressed his 
thanks to Delyannis by telegram: "The Israelites (13) in Corfu express through my 
mediation their robust thanks for the sending of the financial aid, which the 
Hellenic government had put at the disposal of the destitute Israelites. At the same 
time, they express their deep recognition of the disciplinary measures which have 
been taken in order to restore the peace; these will surely produce the desired 
effect" (report from Athens of 23 May 1891). 

(227)In the battue against Delyannis, the stock exchange war of the Golden 
Internationale proved to be most effective. We obtain excellent information about 
even this from an excerpt from a telegram from Athens of 19 May 1891 (14) : "The 
plunge in the rate of exchange of Greek notes on the European stock exchanges has 
evoked a panic in all circles, which is still going on. The position of the 
government is made much more difficult because of it, the Minister of the Exterior, 
Deliorgis, has tendered his resignation. All the press demands prompt publication 
of the results of the investigation, the hesitation of the government is seen by the 
populace as confirmation of the charges raised against the Jews. The officials 
concerned in Corfu, the Nomarch, the commandant, the state's attorney, and the 
examining judge were relieved of their offices, supposedly as a result of pressure 
from the Powers, but in reality for the appeasement of the Christians, who labeled 
the officials as corrupted. . ." 

The Kreuzzeitun^ (15) finally commented: "... To be sure, one cannot attach too 
much guilt to the cabinet of Delyannis. When all the Great Powers, at the first 
signal from Jewish Haute Finance, immediately threaten a small, weak state with 
European action [of intervention], how is the tiny nation of Greece, then, supposed 
to have the courage to take up the struggle against Great Jewry. And yet an 
opportunity was offered here, as it seldom has been, to unveil the true character of 
this Semitic tribe; if only one of the Powers had intervened to see that the trial on 
Corfu should be conducted with complete impartiality, Greece would not have 
capitulated. Putting a mixed European investigatory commission in charge of 
clearing up the facts of the case ~ which, frankly, were already laid bare for all 
eyes ~ was even spoken of here but the representatives of the Powers roundly 
rejected this proposal ~ naturally at the behest of Jewry. . ." 

The Jewish Internationale sacrificed ~ if only apparently, as it later turned out ~ 
the Ghetto of Corfu and thereby abandoned at first its key position at one of the 
most important and most ancient trade and market centers between the Orient and 
the West, and further sacrificed several millions [in money], in order to make 

possible the emigration of 6000 of its racial comrades; it spent enormous sums on 
bribery and pulled out all the stops to confuse and falsify public opinion in Europe; 
it even brought about the demonstrations by fleets ~ in order to conceal that one 
crime as a ritual-crime, to be able to keep slaughtering non- Jewish humanity 
without being molested! 

After the "conscience of the world" had been lulled to sleep again, high finance no 
longer contented itself with the success achieved in Greece in 1891. 

So as to be able to subsequently glorify the Jewish emigrants as victims of a 
fanaticized native population, a reopening of the judicial inquiries was staged. We 
will not go into the details any more closely ~ this would only lead to repetitions! 

Let only this definitive result be recorded: The four Jews incriminated most 
seriously, now as before, were officially acquitted at the cost of the state and 
brought abroad under a Greek safe-conduct. From now on, racial comrades also, 
who had emigrated perhaps a year earlier, returned to important positions on Corfu 
and the Ionic islands, after the Greek government, like that of Egypt in its time 
(1840), entered into the obligation of taking on the protection of its "Jewish 
citizens" ! But a respected Greek politician, conscious of duty to his people, wrote 
in an open letter to the paper whose publications exposed the Jewish manner of 
fighting too late, the Kreuzzeitung: "We must keep silent, even if our hearts are 
bleeding. Greece is too weak to advocate its rights, indeed, even to speak the truth. 
. . The case of Corfu has again made us see our total dependence, thus we must 
hush up the entire affair, although by doing so we commit a crime against our 
national honor and allow our justice to become a business in the eyes of all 
independent, thinking men of Europe. . ." 

One weak comfort remained to this Greek: the justice of the rest of the European 
lands had already been delivered up to Jewry. . . 

Go to Chapter 6: Xanten 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Xanten 1891 

Page 1 


Very rarely has a ritual-murder trial had as a result the sort of comprehensive 
literature and coverage as the proceedings before the jury-court of Cleves on the 
occasion of the boy-murder of Xanten. As this literature also gives us important 
information about the dominating Jewish influence and the anti- Jewish trends at all 
levels of society which became increasingly strong in reaction, but which remained 
without influence due to lack of unified leadership, we wish, since what has been 
written down in the records remains even today easily accessible to anyone, first 
and foremost to make use of the stenographic records of the jury-court hearing at 
Cleves(l} in composing this chapter. 

On 29 June 1891, Peter-and-Paul Day, a Monday, the cabinetmaker Hegmann of 
Xanten on the Lower Rhine was missing his little five-and-a-half year-old son 
since ten-thirty in the morning. The mother of the child, later questioned about this 
by the President of the court, told on the second day of the hearings (5 July 1892), 
the following: "I awakened the child before I walked to church (on Peter-and-Paul's 
Day, 1891) and took him from his little bed and then let him down; then I went to 
church. When I came back, I put a smock on him, then he went off and I have not 
seen him again. We drank our coffee at breakfast about ten-thirty. When I was 
making the buttered bread ready for the other children, I said: 'But where is 
Schdngchen' — that's what we called Johann ~ Now it was noon. . . it got to be two 
o'clock and he still wasn't there. The child never stayed away past the time [when 
he was supposed to]." 

She looked for her child all day ~ her husband was still seriously ill; now and then 
people brought her a chair so she could rest. In the evening, toward six o'clock, 
(232) the wife of the ritual-slaughterer Buschhoff appeared and said in response to 
the lament of the mother: "Pray one Vaterunser [an Our Father, or Pater Noster], 
he will probably come back." ~ We recall the cynicism of the Jewish family 
Scharf in Tisza-Eszlar ! 

The mother made her way to church again: "I lighted a candle in the church before 
Saint Anthony, it was still not burned out when I heard that people came and said 
the child had been found. I went home, and it was already full of people. 

Buschhoff and his wife also came." ~ Frau Hegmann was in the late stage of 
pregnancy. The Jewish wife called out: "Comfort her ~ she's getting a 
replacement for it. . ." 

The Buschhoffs busied themselves around the Hegmanns' place in the most 
intrusive fashion. The ritual-slaughterer Buschhoff [physically] supported the 
Hegmann father, who a few months previously had suffered a neurological attack, 
so that he would not fall off his chair: "My husband fended him off fiercely, he did 
not want to be held, he said that it seemed to him as if Buschhoff had bloody hands 
and had soiled him with them." The Hegmann father before the court (second day 
of the hearing): "Just as Buschhoff laid his hand on my back, I felt as if a bloody 
hand were reaching out for my back. . .Buschhoff held me firmly, which I did not 
want to allow, I always wanted to get away from him. . . " ~ The court chairman: 
"You had the thought, then, that he had killed the child and so you developed a 
dislike for him?" ~ witness: "Yes. He (Buschhoff) was very pushy. . ." 

The Buschhoffs still had a fizz powder on their account at the drugstore, and 
wanted to brew a strong pot of coffee for the Hegmanns. Frau Buschhoff babbled: 
"I'll make a good cup of coffee, and as true as it is that God lives in Heaven, I've 
taken thirty grams in one coffee pot!" Frau Hegmann thanked her: "No, I want to 
have my child back first, I'm not drinking. . ." Finally the Jews left. The Hegmanns 
breathed with relief: "Thank God that we're alone now!" (From the second day of 
the hearing.) 

On this evening, toward six-thirty, the maid of the town councilor Kuppers, Dora 
Moll, had found the child's body in a passage of the barn, lying on his side with his 
little legs spread, and having bled to death from a (233) frightful cut through the 
neck, which extended in a circle from one ear to the other and had run through the 
soft tissues down to the cervical vertebrae. "I saw something lying there," 
explained this witness before the court, "I thought it had been hens and I would 
chase them off. When I looked more closely, I saw the body lying there. . .It was 
lying with the little legs toward the bam door and with his little head toward the 
winnowing machine. . .When I approached more closely, I saw right away that it 
was the child of Hegmann. . ." (First day of the hearing). 

It struck all witnesses who were called here, that apart from slight traces of blood, 
there were no pools of blood or blood spray anywhere to be noted! 

The staff physician (retired). Dr. Steiner, who had examined the body on the same 
evening in the presence of the court assessor Buchwald and of the mayor SchleB, 
and had determined that the [amount of] caked blood (the clotted blood) was very 
insignificant, perhaps as much as a small egg, gave the following expert opinion 
before the court: 

1. All the soft tissues of the neck were cut through, from the right ear through the 
throat to the left ear, even the muscles which were located at the cervical vertebrae 
were cut through, and the cut penetrated down to the cervical vertebrae. 

2. This circular cut was unquestionably performed by a practiced hand with a very 
sharp and large instrument. 

3. A jet of blood, a sharply delineated wave of blood, appeared to have poured 
down over the clothes. 

4. The traces of blood which were present were extraordinarily scant: "In my 

opinion the blood which was found at the site was not all the blood which flowed 
out of the body. I consider it to be that blood which, after the first blood flowed 
out, still flowed out after death ensued. 

5. No signs whatsoever of an unnatural assault were present. (Dr. Steiner on the 
first day of proceedings in Cleves.) 

Both of the other witnesses testified as follows: 

"After the examination protocol of the body itself had been (234) recorded, the area 
closest to the body was dealt with; neither on the winnower nor on a post which lay 
in the vicinity, was I able to discover traces of blood. . .we checked with a lantern 
and two lamps, in order to absolutely be able to see individual blood traces but 
we found none." (Assessor Buchwald on the first days of the hearings.) 

"At the inspection of the body we found this terrible cut; we found the child with 
his neck cut through from one ear to the other. It looked horrible, it made a 
frightful impression, I have to say that in the first moment I said to myself: 'That 
can only have been done by a skillful hand that knows what it's doing with a knife; 
it must have been a very large knife.' I cannot conceal the fact that I had 
suspicions about the Jewish butchers Buschhoff and Bruckmann living in the 
neighborhood. . ." (Mayor SchleB on the third day of the hearings.) 

Also, the autopsy protocol of the court physicians Bauer and Nuninghoff of 30 
June 1891 confirmed the absolute blood-emptiness of the internal organs of the 
child's body. Point by point the descriptions read: "Completely void of blood," 
"extraordinarily bloodless," "pale and empty," "empty of blood," "totally void of 
blood," and so forth. 

Furthermore, the separate expert opinion of Dr. Bauer of 15 July 1891 had to 
concede in its essential points, that the blood volume of the child was evacuated by 
the pumping power of the heart in the shortest time, perhaps within one minute, so 
that "the body was, in fact, empty of blood. . .With the highest degree of 
probability, it was a long, strong, and sharp butcher knife with which the cuts were 

Crossways above the chin, there was a smaller cut, the surface of the right side of 
the chin was cut through, and the cut continued to the right shoulder of the overalls 
and the smock, which was cut through to a hair's breadth, "thread by thread," in this 
spot. ~ People were very puzzled over these unusual features, although the 
explanation was really obvious: The child, as he saw the knife coming toward him, 
in his fear of death, instinctively tried to protect himself by moving his head 
backwards, which was in the clamping grip of the murderer standing behind him, 
and thereby raised his shoulders, so that (235) the knife, which was just starting its 
cut, first cut into the chin and through the part of the right shoulder protected by 
the pieces of clothing! 

The lack of blood at the site of discovery had immediately convinced all 
eyewitnesses that the the child was first killed at another location and was brought 
into the bam just after he bled to death, not least of all for the intention of covering 
up traces of the crime and to incriminate others with the murder as much as 
possible. ~ A devilish plan! 

The magistrate Riesbroeck of Xanten later stated before the jury-court in Cleves: 
"The body gave me the impression that it was not killed there but rather had been 
brought there." (First day of the hearings.) 

But now the alert ten year-old Gerhard Heister ~ described by the chief state's 
attorney himself as an "intelligent young man" ~ had remarked how on the day of 
the murder, toward ten o'clock in the morning, a white, unclothed arm pulled the 
small Hegmann child from out of the street and into the Buschhoff shop. We wish 
to insert the crucial passage of his examination here word-for-word, due to its 
particular importance. 

President [of the court]: "Do you still know what you saw on the Sunday of Peter- 

and-Paul of the previous year?" [Note that Schramm tells us that Peter-and-Paul 

Day in 1891 actually fell upon a Monday, so that the President of the court is 

probably in error here.] 

G. Heister: "I was lying on the stone on the comer of Cleves Street and Church 


Pr.: "Did some children come onto Church Street?" 

G.H.: "Yes. There were two boys." 

Pr.: "And then one was pulled, by someone's arm into Buschhoff s? Do you know 

which child?" 

G.H.: '' Schdngchen Htgmmm.'' 

Pr.: Didn't you also see what the others did?" 

G.H.: "They ran away. Stephan Kernder ran to his house, and Peter Venhoff also 

went to his [own] house." 

Pr.: "What was the arm like, that came out of the house?" 

G.H.: "It was bare. It came out up to the shoulder." 

Pr.: "Did it come from the doorway of the house?" 

G.H.: "Yes, out of the doorway." 

Pr.: "Do you know out of which house the arm came?" (236) 

G.H.: "Out of the house of Buschhoff." 

Pr.: "Was it Schdngchen who was pulled inside?" 

G.H.: "Yes. ~ I have never seen Schdngchen again." 

The mother of Heister had been questioned by the Commissar Verhiilsdong. She 
told him that her young son had related to her in a quite relaxed way, that he had 
been sitting on the curbstone at Cleves and Church Streets and wanted to see 
whether Papa was walking to church and by this chance, he saw both his 
acquaintances Stephan Kernder and Peter Venhoff with Schdngchen Hegmann 
walk up to Buschhoff s house, and then he noticed all at once how a hand came out 
of this house and Schdngchen was gone. . . 

The aforementioned little five year-old Kernder had been walking hand-in-hand 
with Hdnschen [Both Hans and Hdnschen, like Schdngchen, are diminutives of the 
Christian name Johann, and the Hegmann child was usually called by one of these 
nicknames.] on the street in front of Buschhoff s. He told his mother a few days 
after the murder of Hdnschen, that he had gone across the street because Frau 
Buschhoff had stood behind her door and called out: ''Schdngchen, will you go out 
for me? Come in here!" But the little Hegmann boy resisted, at which she pulled 
him into the house. "I and Peter Venhoff, we were left standing there, when Frau 

Buschhoff said: "Just go and play." ~ The small Stephan then told that Frau 
Buschhoff had spoken "very rudely."! (Statement of the father, Heinrich Kernder, 
on the fourth day of the hearings.) The third play companion, little Peterchen 
Venhoff , made such an impression of being intimidated, that this likewise very 
important witness could not be questioned! 

A gardner by the name of Molders had been walking by the Buschhoff property 
around the same time; he had seen how an arm had been extended from out of the 
Jewish shop and pulled a small youngster inside. However, he was unable to 
recognize the child himself, since he saw him from the back. "In the direction of 
the cathedral, the children were in front of me, and as I was at Buschhoff s, a white 
arm emerged. A child was pulled inside. That, I clearly did see ..." 

On the day of the burial of the victim, the Buschhoff couple apparently tried again 
to dispense "comforting words" in the residence of the Hegmanns; but thereupon, a 
scream was heard (237) directly. ~ "Buschhoff and his wife came past our door 
and were totally confused, they came out of Hegmann's, and they were completely 
pale and didn't say anything. . ." (The witness Mrs. Ventoff on the second day of 
the hearings.) The father Hegmann had flung out a single sentence at Buschhoff: 
"You are the murderer of my child!" ~ Buschhoff had not defended himself. . . 

Since no further evidence about the whereabouts of the child [i.e., between the time 
he left his mother and the time his body was found] existed, suspicion had to be 
directed upon the Buschhoff family. Buschhoff himself was a ritual-slaughterer and 
at the same time a "prayer leader" in the synagogue ~ his father had been strongly 
suspected of a ritual-crime a number of years earlier! 

From out of the butcher shop of the Jew, one could come into Kuppers's bam 
directly by means of back door, which Buschhoff also regularly made use of as a 

The judicial investigation suffered at the very start from great carelessness. The 
first state's attorney of Cleves, Baumgardt, sent out an assessor who had been 
temporarily transferred to him for training, as investigator; Baumgardt himself 
came out for the first time a week later. Already, a short time later, the Board of the 
Jewish community, with the Head Rabbi of Krefeld, suddenly appeared 
unannounced at the residence of the magistrate Riesbroeck in Xanten and with 
Jewish pushiness asked "about the way things stood." But the magistrate told them 
curtly that he could say nothing, the documents were in the hands of the state 
attorney's office (magistrate Riesbroeck on the first day of the hearings). Now 
Baumgardt held the opinion from the beginning, that what was accepted by all 
circles in the populace of Xanten, that this was a case of a ritual-murder, was 
downright nonsense, unworthy of an "educated man," and ~ as he later said ~ a 
"rural superstition." For this state's attorney, it follows that the accused Jewish 
butcher, directly after the first report, was completely innocent, witnesses making 
statements against Buschhoff were spoken to harshly ~ the same tactics of 
intimidation were employed later in the Polna ritual-murder trial by the Jewish 
examining judge Reichenbach, as also in Konitz! On the contrary, a house search 
at the Buschhoffs, in accordance with usual procedures, wasn't even carried out ~ 
despite extremely suspicious (238) factors! Probably on the basis of higher 
instructions, Buschhoff himself demanded his arrest "in order to be able to prove 

his innocence"! This maneuver does not appear new to us, since the Jews at some 
earher ritual-murder trials had of course already had this sly idea! 

State attorney Baumgardt seemed to want to see nothing. He lost precious time by 
pursuing baseless leads in the beginning. 

On 30 July ~ thus a full month after the blood-murder ~ the Crime Commissar 
Verhulsdong was assigned to Xanten. He came to be convinced, completely 
without prejudice, that the child disappeared on the property of the Jewish butcher, 
and moved for the arrest of the Buschhoff family at the state attorney's office. 
Baumgardt refused! After almost another two months had gone by, and the entire 
process had caused unrest and exasperation in the populace ~ thus the Jews had 
their own "secret police" ~ the criminologist Wolff from Berlin appeared. He too 
very quickly believed that the evidence discovered was sufficient to execute the 
arrest of the Buschhoffs ~ as he later stated as a defense witness in the 
Oberwinder(2) trial. 

In his report of 6 October 1891, among other things, Wolff spoke of the fact that 
the completion of the circumstantial evidence was possible only with the 
immediate arrest of Buschhoff, since the latter would take flight across the nearby 
border "as soon as he becomes aware of the new state of affairs through 
recriminations and further investigation." 

The Jews, who had not reckoned with this turn of events, a quarter-year after the 
murder, much less than they had reckoned that the Xanten Jewish community 
itself had proposed and ~ financed (3) ~ the sending of this Crime Commissar, 
moved heaven and (239) earth. The synagogue director, Abraham Oster, was at the 
head of the group of Jews zealously trying to exonerate the well-befriended 
Buschhoff. After a short time, they were so sure of themselves that in the 
stronghold of Jewry, Frankfurt am Main, money was collected with which to 
procure a "new home" for the Buschhoff family ~ and actually, Buschhoff was 
released from custody on Christmas Eve of still the same year (1891), without the 
case having been cleared up through a proper court procedure! 

The Kreuzzeitung wrote on 20 January 1892: "But on the side, apparently under 
official masks, but without doubt here by order of the synagogue, all sorts of 
persons are wandering around in Cleves and Mayen, who likewise played a role in 
the derailing of the legal proceedings. Concerning this point and concerning the 
dealings of the Rabbi in Crefeld with the chief states's attorney in Cologne (4} and 
other persons in Cleves, further revelations shall still follow as opportunity 

Furnished with abundant money, Buschhoff was sent off to Cologne. Protest 
meetings in all the larger cities finally succeeded in the investigation against 
Buschhoff being taken up anew. A German-Social petition of those days to the 
Justice Minister von Schelling reads: 

"The ritual-slaughterer Buschhoff, strongly suspected of the murder in Xanten, 
has been released from investigatory custody, even though the inquiries of Crime 
Commissar Wolff have yielded overwhelming circumstantial evidence for his guilt. 
The German-Social Association at Eberfeld expresses its regret over this release, 

since it (240) might be likely to bring about the perturbations of consciousness of 
the Law, caused by the cases of Paasch, Manche, Bleichroder, Liebmann, Morris 
de Jong (5) and others, in even higher levels of society. Therefore the German- 
Social Association at Eberfeld directs to Your Excellency the urgent request, that 
Your Excellency might use your influence to see that the investigation of this 
Buschhoff case is taken up again. The German people are entitled to demand that 
any appearance of insecurity of the Law and of inequality of the Law be avoided. . 

On 9 February 1892, as clouds were again gathering above Buschhoff, the Deputy 
Rickert, the Chairman of the Verein zur Abwehr des Antisemitismus [literally: 
Association for the Warding Off of Anti-Semitism], publisher of the notorious 
Antisemiten- Spiegel [Mirror of Anti-Semites], by occupation the Regional Director 
(retired) of Danzig, "the meritorious General of the Troops for Protection of 
Jewry," undertook without warning a planned and inspired "offensive of 
exoneration" at a session of the Prussian House of Deputies, which had been 
scheduled for entirely other matters. We shall not go into closer detail regarding his 
"profound" arguments. Nevertheless, we do give this speech, which is not without 
interest as a document of its times, in the Appendix in excerpted form(6). 

On 8 February 1892, Buschhoff had been "arrested" for the second time ~ the 
entire procedure created the impression on the populace of a contrived and boldly 
acted comedy! The examining judge was the very elderly Brixius. But when it 
leaked out that he had appointed for the defense of Buschhoff, of all people, the 
attorney Fleischhauer, his son-in-law, the prosecution of the supposedly so- 
difficult law case was handed over to district councilman Birk. The course of the 
whole investigation proceeded in a strangely confused manner right from the 
beginning. Because of these events, the Prussian Minister of Justice Schelling was 
interpellated several times in the house of Deputies and attacked particularly by the 
conservative side; but serious recriminations (241) made due to the halting and 
unsure trial procedure remained unanswered. 

One full year after the crime ~ analogous to the Skurz case ~ the hearings began 
before the jury-court at Cleves (4-14 July 1892). The Chairman of the Court of 
Justice was District Court Director Kluth, the charges were to be presented by the 
state's attorney Baumgardt ~ therefore by the same man who originally rejected 
the arresting of Buschhoff and who acted during the course of the trial as his 
zealous defender. Moreover, he was given as an assistant for the solving of his task 
the Cologne Chief State's Attorney Hamm, so that it was actually superfluous that 
three more "famous" defense attorneys (Stapper/Dusseldorf, 
Gammersbach/Cologne, Fleischhauer /Cleves) stood ready to assist. 

Thus Buschhoff went to trial well-armed! The bill of indictment of 20 April 1892 
had once again summarized all incriminating points which led to the arrest of 
Buschhoff and read in a crucial passage: "The Buschhoff family must therefore 
explain what happened to the young Hegmann. That they are not able to do this, 
and that they dispute at all having pulled the boy Hegmann into the house on that 
morning and having him there, makes them extremely suspect." 

There were 167 witnesses heard. All of the grounds for suspicion of Buschhoff 

were fully confirmed! Aside from the statements of Molders and the children 
Heister and Kernder, which have already been given in another connection, the 
several days of the jury-court hearings produced overwhelming evidence! 

Shortly before the disappearance of the little Hegmann boy, several witnesses 
observed how Buschhoff ducked into his house with a strange, strikingly ugly Jew, 
who was carrying a black leather bag and was coming from the train station. 

President: "On Peter-and-Paul Day of the previous year, were you walking 
through Church Street? When was this? 

Witness Peter Dornbach: "Approximately five minutes before ten. I was walking 
to high mass. Buschhoff ran into me 25 steps in front of his house with another 
man, a stranger, apparently an Israelite. This man had on a defective suit, his hat 
(242) was pushed in. He was in a most intimate conversation with Buschhoff." 
(Fifth day of the hearings). 

Between eleven and twelve o'clock this Jew, who was described according to other 
witness statements as "foreign" and "ugly," left the Buschhoff property and went 
back to the train station! 

On the day of the murder, shortly before ten, the neighbor of Buschhoff, Wilhelm 
Kuppers, heard a conspicuous clamor of voices through the somewhat obstructing 
door of the butcher house; to another [female] witness, these goings-on were 
"creepy." The cloistered brother van den Sandt, who was passing by, likewise 
heard several voices. 

After the strange Jew had left Xanten, Buschhoff wandered, apparently without 
plan or purpose, through the streets in a terrible state of excitement. Many 
witnesses, who knew Buschhoff as an otherwise quiet man, were struck by this 
extraordinary excitement. Shortly after eleven o'clock the witness Brandts first 
met him: "Buschhoff came up to me; something extraordinary must have 
happened, he seemed downright out of his mind. . ." (Second day of the 

The 72 year-old Peter Kempkes also met Buschhoff: "He (Buschhoff) was running 
so fast, was rushing around so, his head was shaking. I thought to myself, he can 
well have done it. . ." (Fourth day of the hearings.) 

Some hours later Buschhoff had to sign some business papers. His entire body was 
shaking so badly "that his hand had to be guided." ~ In the evening, shortly before 
discovery of the body, he had himself under enough control that he went bowling 
at an inn ~ which he had never done before ~ and bought rounds for people there 
("Buschhoff, what's made you so frisky?"), in order to be able to receive the news 
of the discovery of the slaughtered child's body with pretended equanimity. 

In the early afternoon, at approximately two forty-five, a strange, younger, Jewish- 
looking man was up to something in the garden of Kuppers, facing the house of 
Buschhoff. Unfortunately the witness involved was not able to describe his 
appearance more closely. But she declared with certainty that he had to have been a 
stranger who was completely unknown to her, and who stayed in the garden for a 
long while and, like a sentry, (243) constantly walked up and down; when he felt 

himself observed by the witness, he concealed himself behind the fence palings. ". . 
.1 presume it was a Jew rather than a Christian; I wanted to see who it was, to me 
this was quite conspicuous during [the time of] the worship service." (The witness 
Windheus on the sixth day of the hearings.) The individual, without a doubt a Jew 
who was standing as "a lookout" for what was then happening, had suddenly 
disappeared, however, as if vanished from the surface of the earth! 

A short time later, Hermine Buschhoff, the adult daughter of the ritual- slaughterer, 
went across the gateway to the bam, and in such a way that she held her right side 
conspicuously toward the house of her parents; on this side she was carrying the 
heavy weight of a long object which tapered toward the bottom, which was 
wrapped up in a large gray sack. (The witness Mallmann on the third day of the 

Three and a half months after the crime, the policeman Schloer, who occasionally 
checked the residence of Buschhoff ~ there could be no question at all of a 
systematic search ~ found, right in the very bottom of a kitchen cabinet, a sack 
which bore a strikingly large and dark spots. Along with other things, it was 
brought to the city council building and spread out on a table. Mayor SchleB said 
the following about this (on the sixth day of the hearings): "As Frau Buschhoff 
later entered the hall to be questioned by the Herr magistrate Riesbroeck, she was 
visibly upset and that caught my attention; she said: 'Herr Mayor! God, have you 
brought along the old sack that we have used to lay over the barrels when we 
smoke [i.e., smoke meats, etc.].' But she wasvery upset by it, and I told Commissar 
Wolff about this directly. I did not show her the sack, she herself found it among 
the objects which were lying on the table. ~ The large dark spots seemed 
suspicious to the mayor; he thought they were blood spots! In the trial, Buschhoff 
then claimed that they were "pickling spots" ! A court chemist and a professor said 
of it that there was no longer any point in investigating the sack, it most likely 
could have been determined that there was blood there. . .A thorough examination 
was actually not performed! 

In the late afternoon Buschhoff went into the synagogue, (244) then afterwards to 
bowling in a neighboring inn. Before his bowling companions had yet learned that 
the little Hegmann child had been found in the bam, the Jew knew all about it: the 
thirteen year-old Jewish scion Siegmund came running and whispered something in 
his father's ear! 

On the way home, Buschhoff questioned his neighbor Kiippers in a memorable 
way, whether in his bam there "had not been a sharp object, where the child could 
have fallen in on it, a knife or something else?" On the following day the property 
of Buschhoff, but especially the cellar, was subjected to a thorough cleaning, 
various laundry was washed. The door in the back of the butcher shop, going 
toward the gateway, had been nailed shut on the evening before the murder and this 
had been especially noticed by Kuppers; now the nails were removed again. . . 

About eight days after the murder, Buschhoff came with Siegmund from the city 
hall through the middle gate when the young Jewish boy said something to his 
father, who was hard of hearing(7). The witness Roelen, who was walking a few 
steps behind the two, heard quite clearly how Buschhoff answered: " Ach, if they 

have no proof, they can't do anything to us!" ~ When this witness was then later 
walking past the property of the ritual- slaughterer, she had dirty water poured on 
her by the latter! (Roelen on the fourth day of the hearings.) 

But Siegmund was slowly developing, in a way similar to the children of the 
temple servant Scharf in Tisza-Eszlar, into an enfant terrible of the Jewish bunch - 
- only there was no Bary in Xanten! Another Xanten citizen, Anna Mauritz was 
walking only two or three steps in front of father and son Buschhoff on Cleves 
Street. Suddenly Siegmund, who apparently had complete knowledge of 
everything, crowed: "Papa, if only it hadn't happened." Highly embarrassed, the 
Jewish father pulled his young son close to him, looked around with dismay, and 
disappeared around the next comer! 

Shortly after the murder occurred, Frau Remy was traveling on the train (245) from 
Goch to Buderich to a wedding. "When I boarded the train in Xanten, two Jewish 
gentlemen came aboard with me. I was alone in the coupe', we had a few minutes 
stopover there. The gentlemen were saying that they were sick of Xanten. The one 
said: 'Yes, I would have already have gotten out of there if it had been possible. I 
would not have been so stupid; that was the stupidest thing that he did, that he 
brought it to the barn.'" But when the two Jews heard the name of the witness 
[being called] at a station along the way, they nudged each other and continued 
speaking in a foreign language. 

On the next to last day of the hearings, the schoolboy Holzgen gave a serious 
statement. A year before the youngster was watching, at another Jewish butcher's 
in the Mill Street, how a cow was supposed to be slaughtered. He stepped closer 
without being seen, so as to "see the thing for once." In the slaughterhouse there 
were three ritual-slaughterers present, who were earnestly discussing the death of 
the Hegmann child: "We need only keep this secret among ourselves, say nothing, 
and impress upon Buschhoff, that he doesn't blurt something out". . ."They've 
already gotten quite a bit, but that they shall not get!" 

The intelligent youngster went immediately to the mayor, to inform him of the 
overheard conversation. The latter advised the witness to write down what he had 
heard. The young boy was able to present the paper to the court and read his 
statement from it! The ritual-slaughterer Bruckmann called out: "Nothing was 
spoken about the murder. No, nothing at all was said about it, nothing at all!" 

In spite of all obfuscations, matters had shaped up extremely critically for 
Buschhoff in the course of the eight-day questioning of witnesses ~ then the 
doctors were sent in to help ~ the same procedure had, of course, been employed in 
Tisza-Eszlar as well! A faculty composed of four physicians, after one year 
advanced the basic ~ and for the outcome of the trial, definitive ~ thesis that the 
traces of blood in the barn, which they admittedly had not even seen, were 
sufficient [for them] to maintain that the slaughtering of the child had taken place 
in the bam ~ therefore, that the place of discovery was the scene of the crime, 
while the expert opinion of the staff physician Dr. Steiner, which had been 
recorded still on the evening of the day of the murder (246) had yielded the 
decisive findings that only very insignificant traces of blood, considering the 
condition of total emptiness of blood of the body, had been noted in the vicinity of 
the place of discovery, that the child therefore could not possibly have bled to 

death in the bam ~ nevertheless, the court accepted the opinion of the faculty! The 
neck-cut [they said] could have been performed with any sort of knife-like 
instrument, even with a pocket knife (!) ~ a so-called slaughtering knife, as was 
found in Buschhoff s residence ~ had not been necessary for this! 

And now, in order to exonerate Judaism p^r se from the suspicion of ritual-murder, 
the so-called "expert opinion" of the StraBburg Professor Noldeke ~ we have 
already gotten to know him ~ was drawn upon. This unusual "expert" appeared on 
the second day of the hearing already and admitted on being asked, that "in the 
laws of the Talmud it is very difficult to find one's way." Noldeke gave to 
understand that he wasn't entirely well-read, that the Talmud was very voluminous, 
"it consists of twelve thick volumes, which one tackles only with the greatest 
reluctance," but he could still state ~ disregarding all of this ~ "As far as I know, 
there is in this (the Talmud) no evidence at all for ritual-murder." ~ Noldeke 
called it "frivolous, through and through," "when over and over again it is repeated 
that the Jews need the blood of Christians for ritual purposes." 

But while the hearings at Cleves were still going on, the "Professor of Hebrew 
Antiquity at the German university in Prague," Rohling, directed a dynamic letter 
to the Court of Justice dated 10 July 1892, which sharply attacked the brazen 
arguments of Noldeke and described blood-murders as historical truths! In his 
letter, Rohling informed [his readers] that the facts of history could not be denied. 
In spite of the "castration" of certain rabbinical works, there were still texts here 
and there, "which refer to the subject (of ritual-murder) and contain hints which, 
despite all the precautions of editing, speak very clearly in light of historical 
events." ~ Because of its importance, we will give this letter of Rohling in its 
complete text in the Appendix! 

(247)Finally, in order to shake the statements of the chief witness Molders, who 
had seen how an arm from out of the Buschhoff shop had pulled a child inside, the 
state's attorney Baumgardt claimed that Molders would not even have been able 
to see because of conditions at the locale; thereby the chief state's attorney was 
casting doubt on the credibility of this chief witness ~ a shameful hand-in-hand 
working for Jewish interests! A court summons in Xanten [i.e., a trip to the actual 
location], however, brilliantly justified the statement of Molder, as the state's 
attorney himself was forced to admit! 

This move for the exoneration of Buschhoff had to be regarded as having failed. 
But something else was put together! In the later plaidoyer [French: a barrister's 
speech] the state prosecutor's office could summarily declare: The most important 
and least suspicious exonerating factor for Buschhoff s innocence is the proof of 

How did things stand with this "proof"? ~ It had been contrived! A dubious 
character, the neighbor of Buschhoff, UUenboom, described by an out-of-town 
mayor and by various witnesses as a liar and a notorious loudmouth, as a boaster 
and thief, and declared a total liar by Crime Commissar Wolff, "he has tramped 
around in every possible factory on the Rhine; I also got the impression that there 
was something sexually wrong with him," considered to be "half-crazy" by a 
member of the jury, he appeared as a "defense witness" for Buschhoff, in that he 

stated that at the time in question he had stopped at Buschhoff s with his foster 
child ~ indeed [he said], it could have been the child that disappeared into the 
Buschhoff shop! Although he caught himself up in hopeless contradictions with 
this statement, so that the chairman of the court himself had to confirm that one of 
the witnesses must have committed perjury, and although doubt in the reliability 
and/or the soundness of mind of UUenboom was expressed on all sides, the 
prosecution accepted his statements, held him to be merely "easily made nervous" 
but despite this "reliable" ~ and constructed the proof of alibi with this! 

But this masterpiece did not seem even to the state's attorney Baumgardt, to have 
been totally fishy! At a crucial passage in his plaidoyer are the significant words, 
from (248) which one could infer a great deal: "It has probably not escaped your 
notice that the witness UUenboom is a main witness, perhaps the most essential 
witness, and for those who did not really want to believe UUenboom, it was very 
much of interest to prove that he also really was not credible. The witness 
UUenboom has been made to appear totally unbelievable. Indeed, if that were 
true of him, then surely the proof of Buschhoff s whereabouts and actions, as they 
were essentially represented chiefly by the supporting testimony of the witness 
UUenboom, would have been badly shaken. . ." 

The next question before us is: how did the same Court of Justice behave toward 
prosecution witnesses? A few examples should suffice: The witness Mallmann 
incriminated the Jewish butcher. Thereby he aroused the extreme indignation of the 
chief state's attorney: "The most unbelievable of all witnesses is Mallmann, this 
peculiar man, who always speaks so hastily and never can be held to one point with 
his statements, who is afflicted with such stirring fantasies, that he considers 
himself called upon to support the charges against Buschhoff. . .This witness 
deserves not the slightest belief. . ." These declarations need no commentary! But 
on the occasion of the witness being examined to the point of exhaustion, 
Mallmann finally lost patience and said to the President: "It seems that you want to 
confuse me. I request that the protocol be shown to me!" (Sixth day of the 

The witness Molders, an honest, elderly workman with the best reputation ~ since 

with their best efforts he could not be pronounced mentally disturbed ~ was 

supposed to be labeled a total drunkard in order to refute his testimony! The 

disgraceful procedure which was adopted toward this very important prosecution 

witness can only be described as shameful! One brief scene from the courtroom 

should throw light upon this. Molders is giving his testimony on how the child was 

pulled inside Buschhoff s. 

President: "Into which house was the child pulled? Into Buschhoff s?" 

Molders: "Yes." (249) 

Pr.: "Did you see that clearly?" 

M.: "Yes." 

Pr.: "You must reflect, your testimony is very important, you must be able to take 

responsibility for this before God and your conscience. Did you see that with 

complete certainty?" 

M.: "Yes!" 

Pr.: "Were you at that time still entirely sober?" 

M.: "Yes, I had drunk only a Kom." [The German das Korn has two meanings in 

such a context: der Kornkajfee, "corn coffee," a sort of substitute coffee, like 

chicory during the Depression; but the word can also refer to German grain 

whiskey, like Schnaps. Since the setting is the witness's home in the morning, it 

should have been clear to the questioner ~ and probably was ~ that a coffee-like 

drink is meant, and not an alcoholic beverage.] 

Pr.: "But you weren't drunk from that, from one Schnaps?" 

M.: No. It is rare that, [being] sober in the morning, I drink Schnaps', I just drink 

coffee in the morning." 

Pr.: That is what I hope, that you don't drink a Schnaps [when you are] already 

sober. I mean, if you are drinking one Schnaps, then do you really have your full 

faculties. . .?" 

Another witness, Anton de Groo who as a former boss of UUenboom was giving a 
very unfavorable assessment of him, was interrupted by chief state's attorney 
Hamm with the tactful words: "The man seems sick, he seems to be apoplectic 
(inclined to strokes) ..." On the other hand, Jewish witnesses were ''Herren'' 
["gentlemen"; when used in addressing a man, this word is similar to our "Sir," but 
perhaps a bit more respectful.]: The Jew Isaac is questioned; for the chairman of 
the court, he is not simply "Isaac" like "Molders," "Mallmann" and all the rest of 
the non- Jewish witnesses, but rather "Herr Isaac": ''Herr Isaac! Do you still recall 

It must strike even the most unbiased and naive reader of the protocols, with what 
particular politeness the whole band of Jews was treated in this drama before the 
court, and even encouraged in their criminality! 

Go to Xanten/Page 2 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Xanten 1891 

Page 2 


At the beginning of the afternoon session of the fifth day of the hearings, the court 
chairman Kluth became outraged over the fact that one letter among others 
arrived for him in which it was said that he should now finally proceed against the 
Jew Buschhoff more quickly and not in such a friendly manner! 

The chaplain Bresser wanted to work to calm the aroused populace in Xanten, to 
prevent thoughtless excesses from occurring. He told the court that these efforts 
had earned him the nickname "Chaplain of the Jews." For our purposes this would 
be entirely meaningless in itself, but the chairman of the court responded to this: 
"You (Chaplain Bresser) can (250) refer to St. Bemhard, who also protected the 
Jews. . ." 

The resident Beekmann is supposed to have come out of the bam of Oster, the 
head of the synagogue, one night, and the next day have been blind drunk. One of 
his relatives is supposed to have said: "God, if only that goes well, the man has a 
lot of money. . ." ~ The chief state's attorney refused to summon this witness, with 
the argument, as casual as it was outrageous: "If Beekman is supposed to reveal 
something and is given money by the Jews for it, that has no bearing on the 

Several witnesses had noticed a strange Jew on the day of the murder. These 
witnesses expressly emphasized that he was a stranger, for the few Jewish 
families who lived in Xanten, a small city of then barely 4000 inhabitants, were 
naturally all known. It seems incomprehensible to us today that the prosecution did 
not pursue these tracks. In all probability, this was a case of the Dutch beggar- Jew 
Vellemann , who smuggled the blood of the victim over the border in the well- 
known black bag in combination with some middlemen. 

Once again we have now compared all of the relevant interrogation protocols with 
one another. Their slight extent is already striking at a glance: in all, they take only 
a few lines, then the hearing is broken off without warning ~ while entirely 
unimportant matters fill many pages! One gets the painful impression: 
Buschhoff is not supposed to be further incriminated! 

The witness Lenzen gives a short description of the strange Jew with a statement 
of the exact time. The chief state's attorney merely rephed: "To me that does not 
seem Ukely. It was probably on the day before, when a Jew was at Buschhoff s?" 
The witness is certain: "No, on Peter-and-Paul's Day!" 

The witness Bernsmann is also questioned: "Are you not mistaken, aren't you 

confusing the Sunday with the Monday?" 

Witness: "I saw it with total certainty on the Monday!" 

When the witness Dornbach is just at the point of giving detailed evidence 
concerning "the strange Jew," the questioning is cleverly stopped (251) and the 
witness led over to: "Were you satisfied with meat purchases (at Buschhoff s)?" 

The mayor of Xanten, SchleB, wanted the reexamination of a witness, who had 
important evidence about the surfacing of a stranger in Xanten on 29 June 1891, 
"whom she believed to be a Jew." The prosecution, however, "found no reason to 
move to summon the witness again from our side". . . 

On the sixth day of the hearings a dispatch from the prosecutor's office in 
Dortmund came in to the jury-court in Cleves, according to which the book printer 
Reinhard had come in and wanted to make it known that 30 years before in 
Wesel blood was withdrawn from several girls by Jews by means of needle sticks. - 
- State's Attorney Baumgardt: "I find no cause to make application [for 
summons]" ~ "The court regards the matter as inessential and the summons of 
Reinhard for it unnecessary." 

But staff physician Dr. Steiner, who possessed a reputation far beyond Xanten as a 
skillful doctor and researcher of the region ~ he acquired the greatest merit for his 
historical research about Xanten ~ and who was so "tactless" as to state that the 
quantity of blood found was much too scant for the butchering of the child to have 
taken place in the bam, had to see himself made the object of the public reproach in 
the courtroom, that he had [been the one to] first carry the "vague assumption" of a 
ritual-murder to the people! In his summation on the next to last day of the 
hearings. Chief State's Attorney Hamm also attacked him: "The entire erroneous 
management of the case at the scene is based upon the mistake, so that it, misled by 
the assertions of Dr. Steiner that not all the blood was present [at the scene], 
believed that: The child was not killed at the scene but was brought there as a 
corpse. . ." 

Dr. Steiner was torn to shreds: "At any rate it is a misfortune (aha!) that the first 
doctor (i.e.. Dr. Steiner!) was a private physician not sufficiently trained in forensic 
medicine. It has already been more frequently lamented in medical circles, that 
private physicians are so poorly informed in matters of forensic medicine. That is 
how the whole false idea originated. . ." (Chief State's Attorney Hamm). 

Again, eight years later, after a completely similar (252) blood-murder in Polna, 
"there was a dearth of" ~ according to the Jewish "verdict" ~ "positive knowledge 
and critical capacity, especially in the local experts, who, cut off from the progress 
in science, conduct their practices in rough-and-ready style. . ." 

Concerning the motive of the horrible crime, the chief state's attorney was of the 
opinion that the question of whether this had been a ritual-murder or not, did not 
belong within the boundaries of consideration; for him, this was merely an 
"academic" issue! One of the defense attorneys of Buschhoff, the lawyer Stapper, 
supported by medical "experts," made the attempt to portray the boy Hegmann as a 
victim of an unnatural assault. According to this notion, the perpetrator had been 
"overcome by strong arousal impelling him to great violence," and cut the child's 
neck open! ~ President: "Herr Dr. Steiner, do you concur in the opinions of the 
professors?" ~ Dr. Steiner: "That I cannot do!" 

With bated breath, the public awaited the start of summation by the prosecuting 
attorneys on the next to last day of court. Going by the attitude of the Court of 
Justice up till now, nobody believed any longer that Buschhoff would be found 
guilty of the murder and condemned. At least it was to be hoped that a position 
would be taken on whether Buschhoff was to be regarded as an accomplice or as 

But what the public got to hear exceeded even the worst suspicions of all levels of 
German society who were conscious of national events! 

Chief State's Attorney Hamm spoke first. He had not the remotest thought of 
making any sort of charges against Buschhoff, but on the contrary gave a defending 
speech which had been composed from the start in a extremely clever and talmudic 
arrangement. The reasons on which he based his deductions stood in direct 
contradiction with the clear and definite evidence of the most significant and most 
credible witnesses, whose statements the chief state's attorney pushed aside as 
"meaningless" with a brazenness that simply flabbergasted the listeners. Hamm 
came to the end of his summation in this manner: "It is proven that (253) 
Buschhoff cannot have committed the crime, and the prosecution must (!) come to 
the proposal of moving for a verdict of not guilty for the accused. . . The proof will 
be deduced with mathematical exactitude by my colleague Baumgardt, that 
Buschhoff cannot have committed the crime and pulled the child inside around ten 
o'clock. . ." 

After the chief prosecutor, the state's attorney stepped forward with equal zeal as 
defender of the accused. He developed the already mentioned "proof of alibi" with 
the assistance of the statements of the ill-reputed UUenboom. This prosecutor also 
put forward the basic argument that the scene of discovery was simultaneously the 
scene of the crime, and that therefore the murder was committed in the bam of 
Kuppers! His memorable and happily dQliwQYQd plaidoyer concluded with the 
words: "Buschhoff is therefore, I declare, neither the murderer nor an accomplice 
to murder, nor even an accessory to the murder, he must (!) be excluded from any 
suspicion. I come then to the conclusion that we are by no means dealing with a 
case oinon liquet [Latin: "it is not evident"]; one thing is clear, by no conceivable 
means could Buschhoff be the perpetrator; regrettably it is unclear who did commit 
the crime. . . By duty and conscience, I cannot move for a guilty verdict for 
Buschhoff. I move for his acquittal." 

All the stenographic records make note of this moment with the significant word 

The three actual defense attorneys, since the prosecuting attorneys had taken on 
themselves the task of defense, really produced nothing essentially new in their 
long arguments ~ their main mission seems to have consisted of spreading a kind 
of halo around Buschhoff ; they all moved perfectly in the direction indicated to 
them by the prosecution! 

Attorney Stapper: "Gentlemen of the jury! The outcome of this trial will not be in 
doubt, and you yourselves, gentlemen, will think back upon this day with 
satisfaction your whole life long, the day when you were called upon to restore 
freedom to a poor, unfortunate man, to restore to his persecuted family, which was 
abandoned for months to hatred and to the agitation of a rabble without the 
ability to judge, their head of the house, to restore to his children their father, and 
to his community its member. . .On (254) the evening of 29 June 1891, the bloody 
specter of ritual-murder climbed out of the darkness to which it was exiled for 
decades. . .Behind it lies a system, gentlemen, it is the conflict of anti-Semitism 
which got ahold of the Buschhoff case. . .Yes, gentlemen, there was a risk that an 
innocent man might lose his life, had we not had dutiful officials. . ." 

Attorney Fleischhauer: "Gentlemen! I have taken on the task of defense, infused 
with the noble mission of the advocate to give protection and aid. . .1 am happy to 
have participated according to my abilities in the work whose cornerstone is being 
set today. I permit myself to say that in the accused I have come to know a man for 
whom every man, be he Christian or of another faith, must have the greatest 
respect. Buschhoff cannot possibly have been the perpetrator. . ." 

Frau Buschhoff, who had called out in the presence of Frau Hegmann: "But 
console her, [that] she is getting a replacement for it," and who had imposed herself 
in the most disgusting fashion, experiences via this lawyer the following 
"evaluation": ". . .In what a touching manner did Frau Buschhoff deplore the crime, 
how well did she strike the proper tone, the tone of tenderest sympathy and 
genuine mother-love! Gentlemen! These expressions of human empathy, of true 
unfeigned sympathy, witnesses dare to criticize, these sounds of a good heart. . ." 

"Gentlemen of the jury! When I ask you after this present day to take with you the 
image of these proceedings, I also ask you to take along with you the image of a 
man who lived modestly but peacefully and quietly with his family and his 
neighbors, who up till now enjoyed the friendship of all and gave friendship to all. . 
.who from now on must eat the bitter bread of charity, since his middle-class 
existence, which he had grounded in a blameless life(8) is destroyed for a long 
time. . .This trial is for us, who are experiencing it, and hopefully also for wider 
circles of our people for may years, if not for always, a comforting release from the 
unkind agitation which has sullied the story of the past year!" 

(255) Attorney Gammersbach entered the area of religion: "Gentlemen of the 
jury, there would be no sharper weapon against the charge of ritual-murder that that 
basic law: 'Thou shall not kill!' But if we can refer to this commandment, which for 
us has been valid for 1800 years, the Jews are in a position to refer to this particular 
commandment, which for them has been in force for more than 3000 years, and to 
the law that prohibits the Jews from the consumption of blood. . ." ~ "What has 
held Buschhoff up? His firm trust in God! When I said to the accused: 'Now you 

are coming before your judge,' he answered: 'I trust in God! God will not let me, an 
innocent man, be condemned!' Gentlemen of the jury! This trust in God has 
preserved the accused right up to this hour. . .1 am convinced that we will all agree 
in the decision: By honor and conscience before God and man: The accused 
Buschhoff is not guilty!" 

The chairman declared before the pronouncement of the judgement: "In the 
slaughtering of a five year-old innocent child, the blood cries out to Heaven" (but 
he forgot to add that it couldn't cry out to Heaven, since it was no longer there). . . 

The jury was now securely nailed in advance to one question, shrewdly formulated 
under a sham frame of reference; as such, this already meant a catastrophe in the 
tragedy of Cleves. It read: "Is Adolf Buschhoff guilty of having killed by intent the 
boy Johann Hegmann in Xanten on 29 June 1891 and of having committed this 
killing with deliberation?" The juror Graf Loe proposed a practical division of the 
issue, so that the jury could also speak to the aiding and abetting or instigation of 
the crime. The chairman of the court rejected this, because aiding and abetting and 
incitement did not come into consideration; the prosecutor did not, he said, include 
any such issue relating to this! "You only have the right to answer the questions put 
to you about murder. Should you be of the opinion that no murder took place but 
rather perhaps aiding and abetting or perhaps abuse with a fatal outcome, then you 
must acquit, because a question dealing with that has not been put to you. . ." 

The verdict of the jury consequently had to read "not guilty" ! 

(256) The President: "In consideration that the accused Buschhoff, through the 
verdict of the jury, has been declared not guilty, on this basis it is adjudged that: 
The accused Buschhoff is acquitted, the order for custody is lifted, and the costs of 
the proceedings charged to the state treasury. The session is concluded." 

Buschhoff was immediately set free. Jews and free masonic comrades of Jews of 
all faculties had gotten together in order to point out to the little Jew entrusted to 
them the tiny hole through which he could slip, a tiny hole in the net which, despite 
their desperate countermeasures, was contracting more and more tightly around 

This final and decisive chess move in Buschhoff s favor aroused extreme 
astonishment in all circles, even injudicial ones! In the Prussian house of Deputies 
Stoecker, referring to the scandal in Cleves, said: "Certainly there is uncommon 
alarm also in legal circles over the growth of the Jewish element in the judicial 
profession, because one fears that influences, as I have characterized them here, 
will continue to grow, the more the Jewish element permeates our justice system. 

It is necessary to speak about these matters from another point of view and to 
procure clarity, because there are people among our folk ~ perhaps unique on the 
Earth and in world history ~ people who today, where Jewry arrogates to itself and 
exercises an unbearable influence upon our folk ~ feel themselves induced ~ I do 
not know for what reasons ~ to act as protectors of over-powerful Jewry and to 
offer the world the miserable spectacle that a nation is left in the lurch, is not 
protected by its own citizens, among them respected citizens. Such is the case with 
the so-called protection troops, this association for the warding-off of anti- 

Semitism. In the face of this smoke-screen we want to bring these matters to the 
agenda and, Mr. Deputy Rickert, may you be convinced, I know my folk, in our 
German folk three-quarters will be on our side, not on yours." (Laughter from the 
left, robust applause from the right.) 

"That a nation is not protected by its own citizens" ~ Free Masonry had so 
judaized just those "citizens, among them respected citizens," (257) mentally and 
morally, that they were no longer aware that they were acting against and had to act 
against the most elementary interests of life, that they were betraying their folk ~ 
they had become without will, unnerved tools of international Jews! [How much 
more profoundly true this is today, thanks in large part to Jewish control of the 
brainwashing instrument of the ages, television, and all other forms of popular 

To this let us add a small illustration from that Cleves courtroom: A Jewish paper 
out of Berlin which had sent in its own correspondents to Cleves, reproached ~ we 
are sufficiently familiar with the motif ~ the Xanten populace with lack of 
education, with fanaticism, with superstition, etc., etc. It was suggested to the court 
President that the press card be revoked from the Jewish rats involved, "because it 
isn't right that anyone who enjoys a privileged place as a guest, should use the 
opportunity of this trial to express such adverse and contemptuous comments about 
the local populace." ~ What did the court chairman do? Let us allow him to say it 
in his own words: "I have not agreed to this proposal because I like to allow 
everyone his own opinion. . ." His strained arguments for the "rehabilitation" of 
the populace could only have a embarrassing effect upon his audience! 

Incidentally, among the trial correspondents, just as at Tisza-Eszlar, sat Paul 
Nathan. . . 

In conclusion we wish to establish the following for the characterization of the 
trial, "that bitter comedy of the last decade of the aging century "(9)_: 

1. For the Jew Buschhoff were toiling ~ omitting from our account the most basic 
legal and practical elements ~ one President, two prosecutors, three defense 
attorneys, eight medical "experts" including those of the "Royal Medical College," 
and obviously the Jewish press, while 

2. from the side of the Court of Justice not one single individual acted for the 
innocent non- Jewish victim, the small boy Johann Hegmann! ~ When the mother 
of the victim, fiercely crying, entered the courtroom, she was received by the 
President with the words: "One must yield to what is irrevocable, (258) since 
nothing can be changed. . ." Then began the cross-examination! The Hegmann 
family was delivered up defenselessly to Jewish extortions and threats. As the 
state's attorney Baumgardt himself had to admit in the later pending Oberwinder 
trial, the Hegmann family was beset by threatening letters of every sort! 

3. The unanimity and consistency with which all parties cooperated in court with 
the single purpose of dispersing any strongly incriminating factors to the favor of 
the accused, seems to us, who are these days accustomed to seeing more sharply 
into these matters, downright uncanny. 

4. As the main reason for the ineffective manner in which the trial was conducted, 
we recognize the enormous Jewish influence and the cleverly insinuated opinion 
that something like "ritual-murder" could not exist and never has existed among the 

Jews ~ and that, as an ancient "cultured people" the Jews were ethically too far 
above such a thing! 

5. The prosecution played the role of the defense! Dr. Schwindt explained in the 
Oberwinder trial: ". . .The entire procedure of the state's attorney in the preliminary 
investigation just as in the main trial, shows that the prosecution played the role 
of the defense." 

And the press? At the release of Buschhoff ~ insofar as it was Jewish or infected 
by Jews ~ it broke out in frenetic jubilation and outdid itself in extreme attacks 
upon all who thought differently. The Kolner Zeitung {Cologne Times] participated 
in the collection of money for the "compensation" of the "innocent" Buschhoff! As 
the Deutsche Nachrichten {German A^^w^"] reported on 30 September 1892, up 
until 28 September 1892, at one Berlin collection place alone, 51,282.45 Marks 
came in for the Buschhoff family! Only a few German papers, like the 
Kreuzzeitung and the Staatsbiirgerzeitung {Citizen Times] agreed in essence that 
the Buschhoff trial had shown so many abnormalities, like no other trial in Prussia 
had up till then. They pleaded for the invalidity of the entire proceedings. But 
Buschhoff himself, "the stooping, half-deaf, white-haired Jew with the (259) gentle 
facial features" (Paul Nathan), led a comfortable untroubled existence as a retiree 
for several more years in Cologne, abundantly furnished with financial means 
which the Jews from all parts of the globe continually sent him as "martyr's pay," 
without an appeal [against the legitimacy of the trial] ever having been entered; the 
Prussian authorities had readily approved his taking another name! ~ Later, 
Buschhoff moved to America, into the land of ~ in this respect, too ~ "limitless 
possibilities". . . 

As early as the beginning of the year 1893, it was said that a half million Marks 
had been remitted to Buschhoff: According to the prophesy of his defense attorney 
Fleischhauer, Buschhoff could therefore "from now on eat the bitter bread of 
charity." In any event, the Buschhoff s must have counted on a very fundamental 
improvement in their economic situation for a long time already before the 
murder. Frau Buschhoff said one day to Mallmann ~ thus to one of the witnesses 
who, since his evidence was incriminating, were "not approved" ~ when business 
conditions were being discussed, that they ~ the Buschhoffs ~ wanted to leave 
Xanten soon, but that they first still had a "good piece of business" in prospect; 
when that had been done, they would sell their property and leave. Mallmann told 
this to the court and added: "That is certainly serious. Is that then not good 
business?" ~ President Kluth: "What are you trying to say?. . .How do you bring 
this expression into connection with this case? What does this have to do with it, 
that the Buschhoffs wanted to do some good business?" 

Mallmann experienced then, as so often by this time, a thorough rebuff; the further 
course of events, however, gave to his evidence, which the court apparently 
confronted without comprehension, a wholly particular meaning! 

In 1892, the Jew Paul Nathan crowed in his Betrachtungen zum Prozefi Buschhoff 
{Reflections on the Buschhoff Trial]: "In Cleves the progressive culture of the 
German (!) people once more struggled against the intellectually and morally 
backward elements of the nation. And who is it, now, who is trying to put the 
achievements which we now possess into question? Apparently only a flock of 

unscrupulous people without any intellectual prestige and without any moral 
respect, who (260) have placed themselves at the head of stupidity and 
brutality; this gang ought to have stayed in the dark and gloomy comers in which 
it belongs. . ." 

The Oberwinder Trial 

To the "intellectually and morally backward elements of the nation," and to the 
"flock of unscrupulous people," now belonged, according to the notions of 
philosopher Nathan, the owner of the ''Vaterldndische Verlagsanstalf [Native 
Country Publishing Institute] in Berlin, the editor and publisher Oberwinder. After 
the end of the Cleves jury-court trial, he self-published a brochure under the title: 
Der Fall Buschhoff. -- Die Untersuchung iiber den Xantener Knabenmord [The 
BuschhoffCase. — The Investigation of the Xanten Boy-Murder], in which 
Oberwinder pilloried, in summary form again, the impossibility of the entire 
proceedings. He was straightaway and promptly dragged before a Berlin court on 
grounds of libelling the state's attorneys Brixius and Baumgardt and sentenced to 
two months' imprisonment! 

This "Oberwinder trial," which can be described as a continuation of the Xanten 
murder trial, threw a significant as well as revealing spotlight upon the whole 
conduct of the proceedings against Buschhoff. 

As "witnesses," among others, of all people. Chaplain Bresser from Xanten, the 
Head Rabbi Horwitz "including his wife" (Cleves), and the synagogue head Oster 
(Xanten) were summoned to this trial! 

The accused upheld before the court his attacks against the examining judge 
Brixius and the state's attorney Baumgardt in full compass and stated besides that 
the sins of omission in Xanten were of a still more serious nature than he had 
earlier accepted. ~ Oberwinder: "I am at least of the opinion that the persons 
entrusted with the investigation of the Xanten murder were biased. I am of the 
opinion, and found it confirmed when I was in Xanten, that Baumgardt made no 
thorough investigation, but instead only a promenade through the Buschhoff house. 
What also demonstrates the prejudice of the officials of the investigation, (261) is 
the treatment of the prosecution witness Molders, who was simply insulted and 
twice was summoned, in order to get him to make a different statement. 
Respectable citizens were even accused of having taught their children untrue 
claims, which could cost a man his head. . . 

That was simply bias out of fear of the power of Jewry. The trial was a 
downright pyramid [colloquial expression for a confusing mess]." President: "What 
you are saying about the individual passages (of the Cleves documents), I know of 
course. I've studied the case for six days and have almost been driven crazy." ~ 
Oberwinder: "I believe it! I would like to say a few words about the attempts at 
collusion Such have been made. Dr. Hirsch-Hildesheimer has been with the Justice 
Minister, other rabbis have been with the Minister of the Interior. The attomey-at- 
law Fleischhauer had his people everywhere, who brought him information, even 
a detective bureau in Berlin. The people who first saw the murdered child ~ there 
were fourteen of them ~ were not questioned in the preliminary investigation. 

State's Attorney Baumgardt didn't want to know anything about a sack ~ to him 
that was all news! ~ The viewing of the scene had to be ordered first by the Justice 
Minister, and it amounted to the opposite [of what had been claimed], despite the 
statement under oath by Brixius. The investigation was conducted only with 
reluctance. . .On the 24th of September, 1891 the first state's attorney, Baumgardt, 
stated publicly in Cleves that the investigation against Buschhoff had not yielded 
the least bit of evidence. The populace of Xanten naturally became very angered 
by that." 

The hearing of evidence in the Oberwinder trial began with the questioning of the 
first State's Attorney Baumgardt. He stated: "I reject the reproach of rudeness as 
untrue and false. That, someone would have to prove to me first. I am chivalrous 
toward everyone, not just toward Jewish girls. At any rate I protest in advance, 
because of my official position, against any possible sort of inquisitorial 
questioning, as if I should have to justify myself against blame. . ." 

The President of the Berlin Court of Justice expressed his unconcealed 
astonishment over the fact that no alternate charges of participation, instigation, 
or aiding and abetting had been given to the Cleve jurors. (262) Baumgardt, who in 
this trial was sitting on the witness stand, gave in response to this as the revealing 
main reason, that consideration for his superior, the Chief State's Attorney, had 
kept him from doing so! 

Oberwinder's defense lawyer, attomey-at-law Dr. Schwindt, stated in open court 
session: "From the question of Graf Loe it emerges that at least one portion of the 
jury was of the view that there was at least aiding and abetting. In such a case it is 
the duty of the state's attorney, if the President does not do it, to move for related 
charges [to be included in the charge to the jury]." In the opinion of Dr. Schwindt, 
in this case these alternate charges simply had to have suggested themselves to the 
state's attorney! Dr. Scwindt explained: "The evidence has been produced that 
State's Attorney Baumgardt entered upon the investigation only with reluctance 
and neglected the most rudimentary criminological rules. . .But it is a matter of 
course, that, when a murder occurs, the first state's attorney must appear himself; 
in any case there can be no justification for the fact that he sent an assessor who 
had been handed over to him for training." The further, very serious recriminations 
of this legal authority we shall pass over here. 

The assistant judge, district court councilor Curtius, likewise expressed himself 
very clearly: "The stated time of the proof of alibi in the Buschhoff trial seems, of 
course, very cute in the documents, but I consider it very risky to base the 
innocence of Buschhoff upon it in advance. I find it striking that a prosecutor, who 
indeed filed the charges and accordingly must be convinced of the guilt of the 
accused, before one single witness has spoken, forms such a favorable judgement 
in advance concerning the value of the statements of the accused, who was, after 
all, charged on the basis of circumstantial evidence. . .but on what account, still 
before the statements of the witnesses, do the jurors vote in favor of the 
accused?" ~ Baumgardt: "If it was a result of my words, then it happened 
unintentionally." Curtius: "So, unintentional. Thank you very much. . .But after all, 
you had to have been convinced of the guilt of Buschhoff at [the time of] his arrest. 
The arrest certainly could not have occurred against your will and the charges have 

been filed against your convictions. . .1 would like to find out when the moment 
was, when your (263) soul became convinced of the innocence of Buschhoff, 
between the point in time of Buschhoff s arrest and the beginning of the jury-court 
proceedings, how you expressed this directly for the first time, when you began to 
speak. You did not work on the completion of the questioning of the accused." 
Baumgardt: "I didn't want to confuse the picture given by Buschhoff. . ." ~ 
Despite these scandalous methods of the Cleves jury-court proceedings, confirmed 
subsequently before one other court, the publisher Oberwinder was sentenced 
through the state attorney's office of the district court, Berlin I, to two months' 
imprisonment. The extent of the punishment was justified by the fact that "added to 
this, is the necessity to protect the authority of the court, which has been 
critically shaken by the accused (Oberwinder). . ." ~ Therefore, it was not 
Baumgardt, Brixius and their comrades who had brought the worst discredit upon 
German jurisprudence through their servility to the Jews, but instead a man who 
had pointed his finger at the untenable conditions in just these same courts! 

At this time the Staatsburgerzeitung had written to the German people a response 
from the soul: "The authority and the respect of the court are best preserved by 
pure neutrality, impartiality, painstaking exactitude and unshakable justice. Woe 
to the folk whose court would have to be protected through harsh punishment; its 
fate would be pitiable! 

In the Buschhoff trial those typical phenomena came to light, whose ever more 
frequent appearance must fill the heart of every friend of the Fatherland with 
anxious sorrow. The worst thing of all is the ever-sharpening dissimilarity of the 
natural idea of the law of our folk with the standards of the law becoming accepted 
by us and their operation. That is the consequence of the fact that our law did not 
originate from out of our national way of viewing things, but a foreign law has 
been transplanted to our soil, and this foreign law, which is still influenced and 
shaped by a currently and unfortunately prevailing alien spirit, will never be 
comprehensible to our folk. Indignation flares up to bright flames, however, when 
on the basis of this law things happen as they (264) have more and more often in 
most recent times. And when, in addition to this, circumstances are such that in 
these events the alien element living among us is obviously given the advantage 
over those who belong to our folk, it is no wonder that the universal dissension 
becomes greater and greater. . ." ~ Buschhoff-Xanten/Cleves and Oberwinden- 
Berlin: Two trials which produced, on the one hand the release of a Jewish ritual- 
slaughterer denounced by the voice of the people as a ritual-murderer, and on the 
other hand the condemnation of a German, who was making an effort to uncover 
indefensible conditions at the risk of his existence ~ in itself a thoroughly logical 
development of the "administration" of justice in Wilhelmic Germany! Once again, 
Stoecker lifted his voice in the House of Deputies: "I consider this entire discussion 
(of the Buschhoff case) all the more necessary, when in spite of this uneasiness of 
public opinion due to such trials, we face the fact that in the Ministry of Schelling 
the career of justice has expanded unusually for Jewry. This ministry will be 
described in history as a ministry under which the Jews, contrary to the 
awakening sentiments of the German people, have bestridden higher rungs of 
the justice career than ever before That this disturbs us, there is no doubt. This is 
not the thinking of "anti-Semitic, agitating circles," this is the thinking which 
moves our whole folk, up to the circles of the most level-headed jurists and 

advocates. (Vigorous opposition from the Left.) If you deny this, you do it against 
your better convictions." (Unrest and shouting from the Left.) 

Go to Chapter 7; Polna 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Polna 1898/99 

Page 1 


Marie Klima 

A blood-murder which remained unsolved had preceded by a few years the two 
ritual-murders of the years 1898/99 in the same Bohemian district of Tschaslau. In 
1894 a non- Jewish servant girl, Hlawin, "disappeared" from the house of the Jew 
Bretter in Kolin. After approximately a month her body was found on the right 
bank of the Elbe. She was not bloated although she allegedly was supposed to have 
lain in the water for four weeks; all signs indicated clearly that the body had been 
cast into the water in a de-blooded condition. 

(Report of the Deputy Schneider in the Austrian Reichstag on 10 November 

Four years later, on 17 July 1898, the daughter of the cottager Franz Klima of 
Ober-Wieschnitz near Polna, the 23 year-old Marie Klima, was murdered, but the 
body was just discovered on 27 October 1898, so that further inquiries about the 
murderer or murderers were made extremely difficult. Maria Klima had 
participated in an outing in the so-called Herrschaftswald [literally: forest of the 
authority/rulership] on 17 July, a Sunday and remained missing from that day as if 
she had vanished from the surface of the world. On 27 October 1898 the 
Herrschaftsjdger [a hunter in the forest] Chalupa found the body, which was lying 
with the head downwards, the arms widely outstretched, and the feet violently 
drawn up with the heels turned toward the back, under a brushwood hill. ~ We 
shall see how these circumstances will be of the greatest significance in the 
handling of the following murder case! 

At the end of May 1899, a farmer found a knife hidden in the moss, not far distant 
from the murder site, and later shreds from pieces of clothing which belonged to 
Marie Klima were discovered. They indicated that they'd been torn from the body 
of the victim. The investigations begun by a court commission ran their course 
without a result. On the basis of several statements by witnesses, points of 
suspicion were increasingly thickening (268)around one of the numerous Jewish 
inhabitants of the place, the Jewish vagabond Leopold Hilsner, with whose person 
we will have to deal more closely. But, for some incomprehensible reason, the 

authorities in charge in Polna and Kuttenberg did not pursue the matter further, 
although in the meantime a new case of murder, totally similar in form, and only 
a few meters in distance from the first murder site, had caused the greatest 
consternation and excitement in the populace. 

Leopold Hilsner 

Leopold Hilsner 


This 23 year-old, already an 
extremely typical representative of 
Eastern Jewry, was viewed in the 
Bohemian district of Polna as a 
work-shy, rotten fellow, who 
nevertheless was always amply 
supplied with money, about whose 
origin he could give no definite 
account. With his brother Itzig 
\ J^^^ y ^iid his mother, he resided in the 

v^V ^ Vy'^^_ cellar rooms of the seedy Jewish 

^^^^L V~IV ^^^^^L school in Polna, which 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ simultaneously served as 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m The 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^k Hilsner — to 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^■^^ the 

of 13 April 1899 ~ "more a cave 
than a human dwelling." The judge found two rooms filled with human excrement 
(!). The old lady Hilsner "earned" her living by begging old clothes and reselling 
them. Despite his youth, Hilsner had repeatedly come into conflict with the courts. 
Now and then he went on an "outing," i.e., he moved around importuning as a 
member of the Jewish beggar proletariat and ~ as his biographer NuBbaum 
expresses it euphemistically ~ "here and there probably accepting work." Thus, 
also a short time after the murder of Marie Klima, Hilsner had suddenly "gone out 
of town," only to return to Polna many weeks later. 

Hilsner, it was proved, also was in Vienna. Here he possibly already established 
contacts with his taskmasters who, thanks to the sloppiness of the inquiries of the 
authorities, also remained undiscovered. When this vagabond was back home 
again, he mostly roamed the woods of the surrounding area and molested young 
girls who (269) were on their way to their work places ~ the prototype of the racial 
profaner! As was later established before the court, he had shamelessly misused a 
young girl, the maidservant Anna Benesch who resided in Polna, by making the 
promise to marry her and to let himself be baptized. When she finally escaped 
from his claws, he stalked her with threatening letters, one of which was later read 
out in the courtroom. Various witnesses deposed that Hilsner, already as a very 
young man, harassed girls in public and molested them with his hands. When the 
inquiries concerning Marie Klima, who was murdered on 17 July 1898, remained 
unsuccessful for a long period of time, another young girl, Agnes Hruza, once 
exclaimed out of instinct in the presence of witnesses: "It's possible that Hilsner 
murdered her. He was always following her!" ~ She couldn't know that she had 
already been selected as the next ritual-murder victim. 

Agnes Hruza 

The barely 19 year-old seamstress Agnes Hruza walked daily to her place of 
employment in Polna from Klein- Wieschnitz, a little village separated from Polna 
only by fields and thickly wooded strips, the so-called Brezinawald. In this little 
country town in the Tschaslau district (Bohemia), more than 200 Jews were then 
living among the scarcely 5000 inhabitants, predominantly in a particular section, 
the ''Judenstadf ["Jew City"]. On 29 March 1899, the girl was making her way 
home in the evening toward six o'clock, but remained missing since then. An 
enormous excitement got hold of the populace, for it had been more than eight 
months ago when Marie Klima had disappeared without a trace. The Jewish 
population persisted in a provocative indifference. Then, three days later, on 
Sunday of Holy Week (!) 1899, a gendarmerieau team [i.e., police detachment] 
discovered the frightful crime: on the edge of the Brezinawald, only six meters 
distant from the foot-path, hidden among dense shrubbery and fresh brushwood, 
they came across the corpse of Agnes Hruza, which, covered only with scraps of 
clothing, offered a horrendous sight. Similar to the body of Marie Klima found a 
few months previously, she was lying on her belly, a piece of shirt (270) was 
drawn over her head. A deep furrow of strangulation on the right side of the neck 
showed that a noose had been thrown over the head of the victim, in the manner of 
a highwayman. On the left side of the neck, this furrow coursed into a frightful 
gaping wound, which, after the manner of a ritual-slaughter cut, ran from under 
the right side, diagonally upwards toward the left side in the direction of the ear 
and had severed through the soft tissues down to the vertebral column. The head 
was lying upon the crossed hands. The legs were sharply bent at an oblique angle, 
and traces of blood were to be found only in wholly insignificant volume, which 
was quite odd. Around the site of discovery, the missing pieces of clothing of the 
murdered victim were strewn in every direction in a peculiar manner. In the direct 
vicinity, a large piece of coarse canvas was found, in the center of which a bloody 
spot was so folded, as though someone wiped off a bloody knife! 

The autopsy findings of the court physicians. Dr. Michalek and Dr. Prokes gave, 
aside from supplying terrible details, the cause of death as fatal exsanguination, 
although as mentioned, only insignificant traces of blood were found. Therefore 
the blood must have been collected in a container. In the case of Marie Klima, as 
well as in this murder case, the knees had been acutely bent in order to let the last 
drops of blood run out, according to the judgement of the experts. At the trial. Dr. 
Michalek stated that Hruza "was as if made out of wax in the upper and the 
lower parts of her entire body" (stenographic report) (1). The gaping neck wound 
could have been produced only with a strong and long knife ~ like the crime in 
general, it had been committed with unusual cruelty. One of the usual murder 
cases: sexual murder, lust murder or murder with robbery, were ruled out due to the 
interior and exterior findings concerning the body. ~ "Hruza was slit open like a 
piece of cattle," was the opinion of the people! 

On the first day of the Easter celebration in 1899, strong grounds for suspicion 
were already leading to an interrogation at Hilsner's house. As several witnesses 
expressed, he had already been methodically stalking his victim for a long time. 
Since he got caught up in contradictions, the local gendarmerie chief Klenovec, in 

(271) agreement with the city council, arranged the arrest of Hilsner. Thereupon 
Klenovec received an "offer" of 25,000 Fl. from the Jewish factory owner Sim, if 
he, the Wachtmeister [master of the watch or guard], should succeed in "finding out 
the true perpetrator" (NuBbaum, p. 64). ~ Klenovec formed his own opinion of the 
mission of the Jew, and reported it to the authorities. . . 

As examining judge, of all people, the baptized Catholic Jew Reichenbach was 
appointed, who had nothing more urgent to do than to set Hilsner free again, and 
did not even depose him! 

About one week after the discovery of the body, the Czech editor Yaromir Husek 
wrote to the (anti-Semitic) Deputy Schneider(2) in Vienna the following letter: 
"Esteemed Sir! In Polna, a 19 year-old girl, Agnes Hruza, was murdered by a Jew. 
When a Jewish judge(3) [was appointed] there, he has now already made attempts 
to hush up the entire story. The Jewish murderer was seen by Frau Hruza(4), the 
wife of the head of the congregation, and was a certain Leopold Hilsner, a 22 year- 
old Jew. The Jew seized the woman, and after he saw that it was not the same one 
he was waiting for, he let her loose and directly afterwards the single woman 
Agnes Hruza was murdered. The Jew was arrested due to the urging of all the 
people, but soon released by the Jewish judge. Please intervene directly with the 
Justice Minister, so that a non-partisan court commission is entrusted with the case, 
otherwise the Jewish judge will be in a position to erase all traces of the murderer 
and to help him; we already have many examples of his flagrant partisanship. I 
have published that in the Ceske Zaimy, but the issue was confiscated, as usual, 
therefore I have no other recourse than to turn to you and to request energetic 
intervention. There is danger in delay! 
Yaromir Husek" 

(272) The Deputy arranged for publication of the letter in both of the two German 
Vienna daily papers, in the Deutsche Zeitung and the Deutsches Volksblatt and the 
forwarding of the letter to Justice Minister Ruber. 

But only after a long time was the arrest of Hilsner even ordered ~ in any event, 
the murderer had found sufficient time to cover his tracks. As a result [of the 
arrest], the Jews of Polna and the surrounding region emigrated in large numbers, 
mostly to Prague and Vienna! The populace boycotted Jewish businesses, the 
Polna town savings bank withdrew credit from Jews. In a community situated in 
the vicinity of Polna, inhabited mostly by Germans, the last Jew was finally shown 
the gate with an accompaniment of music! In reply to the question of a 
correspondent, as to whether Polna was being harmed economically by the 
decampment of the Jews, the Mayor Sadil drew the excellent analogy: "It is just as 
if a person got rid of scabies" (NuBbaum, p. 37). 

The Five-day Jury- Court Trial in Kuttenberg 
(12-16 September 1899) 

First of all, Hilsner denied everything before the jury-court at Kuttenberg. He even 
went so far as to claim that he had not known the murdered girl at all. The trial, 
which was causing a great sensation, yielded the further revealing fact that Hilsner 

had to have committed the murder with two more foreign Jewish accompUces. 
This crew of killers had surfaced in Polna shortly before the crime, had found a 
hiding place in the nook and cranny of the Jewish school, where no regulations for 
reporting [i.e., as hotels and boarding houses had to do] were heeded, and had 
likewise disappeared again without a trace. 

Marie Pernicek, the woman in service with the Rabbi of Polna, stated before the 
court (Protocol 30 from 29 July 1899) that on the day after the murder of Hruza, a 
strange "bent" Jew of creepy appearance, with a longish face pockmarked by pox 
scars, and with a dark full beard ~ he is described by this witness in a very detailed 
fashion which conforms to the statements of other witnesses ~ (273) had eaten 
lunch with her employer and was very hungry. The Rabbi's wife had the girl wash 
off the sofa on which this "bent" Jew had sat, "so that the children would not 
become ill, since the stranger had had the blue pustules! [an expression used to 
mean small pox lesions]" 

According to another part [of the testimony] this witness further explained that 
during her six years of service with Rabbi Goldberger, she had been regularly 
offered wine before the Easter celebration; she then fell asleep as if passing out; 
on the next morning she was extremely weak and noticed numerous piercing cuts 
on her arms. The girl took this to mean that she had been bled! 

Naturally Rabbi Goldberger also denied everything before the court, although 
Pernicek declared she wanted to make her statement under oath. 

The fate of this witness further on might be taken as proof of the truth of her 
weighty testimony. First, she was dismissed without notice by Goldberger; 
poverty forced her to take a position with another Jew. As soon as a few days later, 
she was taken to the Deutschbroder hospital with grave symptoms of poisoning. 
The non- Jewish chief physician, who immediately admitted the pitiable girl, was 
called away across county by means of a fake phone call, while the Jewish 
assisting physician who was taking his place transported his victim to death in the 
shortest time! The forensic autopsy found an air embolism as well as destruction of 
the walls of the stomach by acids. The witness Marie Pernicek had become the 
victim of a Jewish Feme [Femen (plural) were unofficial and secret tribunals held 
in 14th and 15 th century Westphalia]! The cash-book of the Jewish congregation in 
Polna for this day lists the following entry: "Today, 500 Fl. to a devout [member] 
for a work in the service of God." ~ "The work in service to God was the 
elimination of the witness!" (Karl Holz). The mother of the murdered girl, the 
cottager Marie Hruza, further testified in court, that unknown men, supposedly 
from Vienna and Prague, appeared at her residence in Wieschnitz under the 
pretext of examining the completed dresses of her daughter [recall that the daughter 
was a seamstress]. While doing so, they stared sharply at her daughter and 
commented that she was big and strong ~ evidence that the crime, planned for a 
long time, had been systematically prepared for and then, at the order of a Jewish 
headquarters, (274) had been carried out! In both instances [i.e., the two murders] 
they had made very clever use of the depraved vagabond Hilsner, who was 
constantly in need of money. ~ Two days before the murder, the Rabbi of Polna 
had said to Hilsner's mother: "Your son is still predestined for something great!" 
(Statement of the witness Anna Pokorna.) 

On the day before the crime (28 March) witnesses noticed a long and broad so- 
called ritual- slaughter knife in a leather case with Hilsner. On being asked what he 
wanted to do with it, he answered evasively. On the evening before the crime, 
Hilsner met the witness Josepha Vytlacil on the Ringplatz [a circular plaza 
functioning as a city square]. To begin with he made some references to Agnes 
Hruza and then asked the witness whether she was afraid. Upon her replying in the 
negative, the Jew stated that he too was unafraid and at that, pulled a larger knife a 
little ways out from a leather case which he was carrying in the inner pocket of his 
coat. The witness explained that she saw the knife and the case clearly by the 
shining of the lantern. 

This knife was delivered to him from outside. Hilsner himself behaved with 
extreme impudence and arrogance, entirely sure of himself and of the general 
support of World Jewry during the trial in Kuttenberg. The editor of the Vienna 
Deutsches Volksblatt, Hanns Arnold Schwer, to whom we are indebted for 
essentially laying down the written record of the trial by means of stenographic 
recording, described Hilsner in his time as the "prototype of a wharf punk, of those 
impudent Jewish scoundrels whom we in Vienna have also gotten to know all too 

(275)One third of the audience consisted of press Jews, whose rude heckling was 
an attempt to repeatedly disturb the course of the proceedings, especially the 
testimony of witnesses which was inconvenient. In accord with time-tested Jewish 
tactics, the court was bombarded literally day and night with telephone and 
telegraphic inquiries, with letters and interpellations. The World Jewish press and 
World Jewish finance worked feverishly, sessions of the Landstag [regional 
German legislative body] were called. In order to be able to deflect the suspicion of 
murder from Hilsner and to be able to divert the attention of the World public from 
a ritual-murder even at the last minute, the Jewish defense devised the 
unscrupulous method, by the liberal use of bribery money, of declaring the 
bookbinder's assistant Janda of Polna, who was interned in a Prague mental 
hospital, and whose diagnosis, contained in the records over the course of [an 
examination of] ten days, revealed without question serious mental illness, ~ of 
declaring him, on the other hand, to be normal after one night, so that in fact his 
arrest and following imprisonment in Kuttenberg occurred in order to convict him 
of the murder! But since even with the best will in the world, nothing could be 
done with this mentally ill person, Janda, pronounced "healthy," was immediately 
handed over again to the mental hospital. (From the speech of Dr. Baxa in the 
Bohemian Landstag at Prague of 17 May 1899.) In these goings on, the Court 
Chairman, President Dr. Jezek maintained his equanimity, so that these disgraceful 
maneuvers remained futile, at least until the pronouncement of judgement. 
Naturally the Jewish defense counsel Aurednicek pulled out all the stops in his 
talmudic repertoire to save his racial comrade. His ignorance, with which he sought 
to refute the expert opinion of both medical men, merely evoked merriment! 

After the conclusion of the presentation of the evidence, after five tumultuous days 
at trial, which had overwhelmingly incriminated Hilsner, the private attorney of 
the Hruza family, the previously mentioned Dr. Baxa, (276) proved in his 
sensational speech(6), which even today still can be described as fundamental and 

is instructive to read, that, supported by the expert medical opinion, the usual 
motives in murder cases were excluded as the motive in this one. The murderers 
had also this time, as in an entire series of preceding cases, counted upon [the 
murder] remaining undiscovered. Agnes Hruza became a martyr. The murderer 
did not want the life of the girl, did not want her insignificant possessions, did not 
want her honor [i.e., rape], but rather the blood, which was meticulously collected. 
"From the hall of the Kuttenberg circuit court, today it resounds beyond into all 
Gaue [The Gau is a political district analogous to a province.], that among human 
society live human beings who demand the blood of their fellow men." ~ With 
that, this incorruptible attorney went to the core of the matter. It is the duty of the 
authorities and of the state [he said], it is the duty of all mankind in general, to 
discover who these criminals are, in order to reveal this terrible secret! Polna is not 
the end, but rather just the beginning of an investigation to bring light onto this 
frightful secret, so that all of non- Jewish humanity could breath a sigh of 

How very much international Jewry had feared this concluding address may follow 
from the fact that shortly before, the signal had been given to accompany the 
speech with demonstrations of applause in order to cause a clearing of the 
courtroom. Thanks to the discipline of the non- Jewish portion of the audience, the 
attempt failed. After the disarming performance of Dr. Baxa, the defense attorney 
Aurednicek, paid with 15,000 FL, confined himself to weakening the acceptance 
of a ritual-murder by referring to papal decrees which described these murders as 

The judgement of the Court of Justice of 16 September 1899, which condemned 
Hilsner to death by hanging, was accepted with thunderous approval by the crowd, 
excitedly waiting in thousands before the circuit court at Kuttenberg, but not only 
because a Jew had been condemned, but rather one of those accursed "Germans" ~ 
as, indeed, the Czech anti-Semitism of that time was involved with an extremely 
peculiar (277) connection with anti-German sentiment, since the Jews, who 
besides bore "German" names and made use of the German language (mostly in the 
form of a downright grotesque gibberish), had not been clearly recognized as being 
of the Jewish race. "The natural racial defensive instinct of the (Czech) people had 
not yet arrived at full consciousness. "(7) 

In the Austrian Reichsrat [state council], in the session of 10 November 1899, the 
Deputy Schneider explained as follows in regard to the criminal intrigues of the 
Jews, staged under pretense of being German: "In the name of my party and in the 
name of all my voters from Vienna, and of all Austrians and Germans, I protest 
with utmost resolve against the fact that we Germans are confused with the Jews, 
or that the Jews are regarded in any way as being Germans. 

It is necessary that this is said clearly for once, so that the peace between the 
nationalities and the understanding among the nationalities might be able to take 
root, for as long as this distinction is not made between us and the Jews, the Jews 
will always succeed in agitating the [various] peoples. . ." 

One ritual-murderer seemed to have been rendered harmless forever. Hilsner had 
behaved in a totally indifferent manner, he knew already that it would never come 

down to his being executed! 

Had Jewry, already during the preUminary investigation, and then especially in the 
course of the trial, as Hilsner became more and more incriminated of the murder, 
tried by every means to influence the outcome of the proceedings, at the least not to 
have the suspicion of a ritual-crime arise ~ the implications from earlier, similarly 
fashioned crimes were still too strong ~ so, now, denunciations of unbelievable 
brazenness were staged to remove the confession of ritual-murder, highly fatal for 
Jewry, from out of [the awareness of] the world and to declare Hilsner to be an 
honorable man. Already, during the preliminary investigation, a very dubious role 
had been played by the Jewish (278) examining judge Reichenbach. This Jew had 
managed to at first set the arrested Hilsner at liberty again, until his final securing 
had to occur. Witnesses who had voluntarily reported in order to set down 
important statements and facts in the murder case, were shouted at by him and 
shown the door. On the other hand, he applied himself to be provokingly obliging 
toward the Polna Jews. One of the main prosecution witnesses, the shoemaker's 
helper Franz Vesely in Polna, raised the serious reproach during the jury-trial in 
Kuttenberg, that his statements, recorded in the protocols, had been subsequently 
falsified. ~ Faithful to the Jewish principle: Not the murderers, but the murdered or 
his/her relatives are guilty, this same Reichenbach could dare, even after 
pronouncement of the judgement, to accuse the mother of Agnes Hruza, sick at 
heart from the terrible blow of fate, as well as the sister and the brother, the mason 
Johann Mauer, of the horrible crime. The circumstance, that Agnes, as a 
consequence of the miserable economic conditions, wanted to give up her position 
in a sewing shop in Polna, and hire herself outside of town as a maid, was 
interpreted by the Jews as a matter of her having disputes at home which could 
have (!) gradually taken on the form that the family wanted to "get rid" of the girl! 
At the funeral of his sister, Johann Hruza is supposed to have "always 
conspicuously carried" one hand "in his pocket" (NuBbaum, page 86). This hand 
was "scratched" ~ this untrue claim soon had to be taken back ~ also, the mother 
had had a blue mark! This was approaching the Masaryk construction: the girl had 
not been murdered at the place where the body was discovered, but elsewhere, then 
had been packed in a vehicle and driven away! ~ And the fact of the cut to the 
neck? This was just performed on the body later, "in order to charge the Jews with 
a ritual-crime" ! (Masaryk and Bulova.) 

All was in the best of order: The Jew Reichenbach had greedily seized upon these 
"discoveries." In a brutal manner he arranged a house search at the Hruza family 
residence, walls were scraped bare, (279) floor boards ripped up, clothing 
confiscated, in order to uncover traces of blood! The relatives of the murdered girl 
were actually arrested! After their arrest, the ritual-slaughterer of Polna broke into 
the property of the Hruzas, to produce "blood traces" later with a brush and cow 
blood (recorded witness statements!). 

The wife of the mason Hruza, who was looking forward to her confinement [i.e., 
childbirth], and whose condition was powerfully affected as a result of the 
frightening excitement, lapsed into seizures when her husband was led away by the 
local gendarmes. In the evening she gave birth to a girl, and in the morning both 
mother and child were dead ~ they, too, became victims of the Jewish Femel The 
Jewish daily papers brought out the headlines: "Hilsner is innocent!" or: "A beastly 

mother assassinates her own child!" ~ The mother of the unfortunate Esther 
Solymosi had also been accused of the homicide of her child! 

The daily papers which reported on the Polna trial in an objective manner or 
which had pointed out the brutal behavior of the Jew Reichenbach, were ruthlessly 
confiscated and sentenced to high fines, while the Jew-friendly press was permitted 
to publish falsehood upon falsehood unmolested, or shameless libels about even the 
jurors and the court. ~ "The most recent events which have taken place in this 
affair are apt to stand Austrian justice on its head" ~ that is the theme of an 
interpellation of some deputies to the royal and imperial Minister President Count 
Clary in the session of the Prague House of Deputies of 21 October 1899. The 
representative of the prosecution, state's attorney Dr. Schneider-Swoboda, 
Kuttenberg, was relieved of office, in connection with the Hilsner trial, because of 
"unjudicial conduct" and as punishment pensioned off at half retirement salary. The 
Reichsrat Deputy Professor Schlesinger asserted on this account to the Justice 
Minister that consequently no Jew would any longer be permitted to be condemned 
by a judge. . . that Jewry stood above the courts and was able depose judges who 
had become troublesome to it. . . that the higher court authorities had debased 
themselves to the point of becoming legal myrmidons serving Jewish leaders. . 
.(Petition to His Excellency the Lord Justice Minister (280) on 25 October 1899). 
The Court Chairman in Kuttenberg, circuit court President Councilor Dr. Jezek 
fared likewise. A slanderous, purely tendentious announcement of some rabbis 
from Briinn, Prague, and other places sufficed at the Justice Ministry in Vienna, 
so that disciplinary proceedings on account of supposedly non-objective conduct 
were initiated against a proven and highly respected judge! Futhermore, he was 
reproached with having tolerated the presence of the "mob" (what was meant was 
the non- Jewish portion of the public, composed mostly of high and the highest 
circles!) in the courtroom! "In view of this event of the royal and imperial Ministry 
of Justice, contrary to law and crying out to the heavens. . .the undersigned pose 
the question: How can the Ministry of Justice justify these unlawful occurrences. . 
.?" (Interpellation of the Deputy Breznovsky and comrades of 26 October 1899.) 

The Jury-Court Trial of Pisek 
(25 October - 14 November 1900) 

The body of Hruza had been completely drained of blood; since at the scene of the 
crime itself there was no pool of blood, the blood had to have been collected, as is 
done with a slaughtered beast. But where did it go? Two (female) witnesses 
observed on the day of the murder (29 March 1899), how a Jew (the so-called 
"bent" Jew, one of the accomplices of Hilsner who remained unknown) was 
carrying a vessel wrapped in a waxed linen cloth out of the residence of the Polna 
Rabbi Goldberger in a state of extreme excitement. About one and a half months 
after the murder ~ therefore the middle of May ~ the post office confiscated a 
small package mailed by the Jewish cantor Moriz Kurzweil in Goltsch-Jenikau to 
the Rabbi Goldberger in Polna, which had been declared as a "perfume 
shipment." But the shipment contained a small bottle in heavily perfumed cotton 
padding, which was filled with small brownish-red balls that gave every 
appearance of being pulverized blood. In order to be certain, the district court at 
Polna sent the extremely suspicious contents to Prague for analysis; but the result 

of the (281) examination was never sent! Already at that time, at the turn of the 
century, the medical faculty was strongly larded with Jews. 

The defense counsel of the Jews, Aurednicek, had stated before several witnesses 
that the judgement against Hilsner would be annulled by the Cassations Court [a 
court which heard appeals] in Vienna and that a further trial against him would not 
occur! It should be mentioned in this connection that Aurednicek, accompanied by 
the Rabbi of Kuttenberg, had presented a petition to the Kaiser [Emperor] in 
Vienna. Jewry was so sure of itself in Old Austria, that it regarded even a sentence 
of death, pronounced against a racial comrade after a protracted trial, as not able to 
be implemented! Of what use, then, was a proposal formulated in an interpellation 
of 21 October 1899 by some courageous deputies, that "suitable precautions be 
taken that baptized and unbaptized Jews be able to practice no influence at the 
Cassations Court!" 

Upon the "nullification complaint" of the Jewish defense counsel, the Cassations 
Court in Vienna called in a "higher expert opinion" from the Czech medical 
faculty in Prague. This ~ we already know all we need to know about the 
university expert opinions of those years, when we recall preceding trials ~ had to 
likewise determine that the neck wound, performed with a sharp instrument, was 
the fatal wound, and that suicide or murder at another location was from the start 
excluded, since in this respect the case was so clear that a demonstration was 
unnecessary. The killer was standing ~ we cite this verbatim! ~ "at the moment 
when he made the cut, behind Agnes Hruza; a situation in which the cut can be 
produced." A noose had been thrown over the victim beforehand. In this point, the 
faculty expert opinion concurred fully with the expert opinion of the court 
physicians; but the latter were able at the scene to find only totally insignificant, 
strictly limited traces of blood, which more resembled blood spray (Dr. Prokes, 
according to the trial stenography), while the Prague professors, although they 
were not at all in a position to determine this subsequently, believed that the blood 
found corresponded to the presumed blood loss, and the expert opinion of the 
court physicians was incorrect (NuBbaum, page 2). For: "there is a lack of positive 
knowledge and critical abilities (282) only too frequently, especially in expert 
opinions of local medical men. . .They are often simple country doctors, who, cut 
off from the progress of medical knowledge, conduct a practice in coarse style and 
possess not even the remotest expertise necessary for difficult forensic cases, 
which indeed here only the specialist can lay claim to; they (the country doctors) 
were selected by the court because others were not obtainable. . ." (NuBbaum, page 
52). We recall previous trials: "uneducated" officials, who were so coarse as to 
pursue tracks which indicated Jews, were as quickly replaced as "simple," 
"primitive," country doctors, who had discovered that a human body which had 
died from a horrible cut neck had been drained of blood! 

The Cassations Court in Vienna annulled the Kuttenberg judgement of 16 
September 1899 and referred the trial to the jury-court at Pisek after one year's 
time (25 October - 14 November 1900). Here in Pisek, now, "the assumption of a 
ritual-murder was excluded officially, consequently the ritual-slaughter knife no 
longer makes any sense". . ."AH in all: The assumption that Hilsner could have 
committed a ritual-murder of Agnes Hruza, is plainly absurd. That the state's 
attorney admits, even if for the first time in Pisek ~ before the Cassations Court no 

less, by the way ~ explicitly and without reservation. But what motive is supposed 
to have impelled Hilsner to the horrible crime?" ~ NuBbaum adds ingenuously (8). 

Even the motive of the crime seemed to have been described by the expert opinion 
of the facultv(9): "The motives could be various. The possibility must be taken into 
consideration that the murder and the handling (!) of the body. . .is the act of a 
person haunted by sexual perversity." 

The girl fell victim to the "perverse-sadistic" inclinations of some sort of 
debauched person ~ the high-school boy Winter in Konitz in the same year was 
also put down as the victim of perverse company! ~ This "motive" was greedily 
grasped in the Jewish newspapers! 

(283) But they had miscalculated: To be sure, the acceptance of a ritual-murder 
was dropped, since in Pisek the earlier expert opinion of the court doctors was 
totally ignored after the entry of the faculty expert opinion ~ this Jewry could no 
doubt log as a success. But this court also heard the proof for the murder of Marie 
Klima. Leopold Hilsner was once again ~ and indeed, because of a proven 
double murder ~ condemned to death by the rope! 

Before the circuit court at Pisek, too, on 14 November 1900, the day of the 
pronouncement of judgement, a crowd which numbered in the several hundreds 
had gathered. The jury was greeted with cheers. When the attorneys of the private 
[parties] concerned, Baxa and Pevny, appeared, the crowd broke through the 
barrier and ~ according to the contemporary description of the Prague Bohemia — 
prepared a celebratory reception for them; they wanted to carry the advocates to 
their hotels upon their shoulders! Both defense counsels of Hilsner, Aurednicek 
and Vodicka, were able to be saved from violence only by a police escort. On 
seeing them, the crowd broke out into ear-splitting cries of Nieder! [Down with 
them!]. The same thing happened to the Germans present, as previously in 
Kuttenberg, especially to the German correspondents ~ but perhaps they also knew 
that correspondents and Jews were, in general, identical concepts! ~ In the 
courtyards of both barracks, the military stood in readiness, and even in the circuit 
court building numerous officers appeared. The calming words of Dr. Baxa 
succeeded in dispersing the crowd and restoring order after a short interval. But 
Aurednicek was avoided in future by his Czech clients and saw himself forced to 
remove to Vienna with his practice! 

The mother of Hilsner, however, developed a new line of business for herself: with 
an instinct peculiar to her race, she understood the situation brought about after the 
sentencing of her son Leopold, who had succumbed to a "crime against justice," 
and conducted a flourishing begging-letter business! (This designation originates 
from A. NuBbaum himself!) 

*' Appeal, appeal!*' 

(284) If it was thanks only to the presence of mind of non- Jewish men that Jews 
remained unscathed, yet Jewry behaved all the more provocatively, at their head 
the Chief Rabbi Giidemann in Vienna. In the Austrian capital and in all great 
cities of the monarchy, he had circulated in hundreds of thousands of copies a 

multilingual leaflet, in which he implored the gentiles "in the name of Christ and 
the Virgin Mary" to demand the release of the good, innocent Hilsner! He 
possessed the amazing impudence to write at the end of this effusion, word for 
word: "If you still wish to be Christians, think of your mother Mary, whose son 
was also nailed to the cross! They also want to murder Leopold Hilsner, a poor 
mother's son! Christendom, show now that you are deeds and not just words!" ~ 
We have been able to turn up no pastoral letter which denounced this blasphemy. 
The church kept silent about it. The frenzy of the world press was all the more 
fierce. In parliaments, it came to uproar and scandalous scenes. Yet judges and 
attorneys had remained incorruptible and stood by their pronouncement of 
judgement. In this critical situation, the savior of Jewry arose: the half- Jew Thomas 
Garrigue Masaryk, former professor of the Prague academy and leader of the 
Czech People's Party, had had from the beginning a close relationship to Jewry at 
his disposal; during his time as a student in Vienna he had lodged in the 
Leopoldstadt, which was chiefly inhabited by Jews, and had finally become a tutor 
to the Jewish families of Schlesinger and Stern (A. Rosenberg, Protokolle der 
Weisen von Zion [Protocols of the Elders ofZion]): he moved predominantly in 
influential Jewish circles, to whom he especially owed a debt of gratitude. 
Therefore he was the man suited to take on the "case" in the perspective of Judah. 
Although he had neither been at the scene of the horrible crime nor gone through 
the revealing court hearings, he "analyzed" the Polna murder in a brochure in order 
to, as it says in the foreword, to "make up for the disgrace which the Czech press 
has brought upon Bohemia and Austria by its acceptance of a ritual-murder" 
(Munchener Neueste Nachrichten {Munich Latest New s^, 8 November 1899, page 
2). (285) He wrote further: "I admit it openly, that the condemnation of Hilsner has 
affected me deeply. Me, I who feel a warm affinity and love for the Ubervolk 
[Super-Folk] of the Jews, which continually distinguishes itself from other peoples 
by its high ethics. . .charges, witnesses, judges and doctors have fallen victim to 
the suggestion of ritual-murder. Even if Hilsner had committed the murder, 
which I will never believe, this is still far from being a ritual-murder, but rather 
an act of self-defense, the spontaneous explosion of that accumulated suffering and 
of that torment which have been done to the Jewish people in the cruellest manner 
for centuries." From this point on, he managed, as the result of his "investigations," 
to accuse the mother of the murdered girl, which the examining judge 
Reichenbach had already attempted to do. Masaryk concluded: "For Hilsner, 
innocently condemned to death, I demand an appeal! That this appeal will come, 
of that I have no doubt!" 

"Appeal, appeal, so the whole Jewish band and their helpers, as in the DreyfuB 
trial, now screamed in the murder trial of Polna, . A creature of the Jews, Professor 
Masaryk in Prague, has composed a brochure full of the most lying accounts 
about the ritual-murder of Polna, from which the Munich organ of the Alliance 
Israelite, the Neueste Nachrichten, has published an excerpt. While this paper 
buried all information up till now about the trial, it dedicates the widest space to the 
shameful work of Masaryk, for the Jewish lies are supposed to be brought to the 
people!" (10) 

This denunciatory piece of agitation writing of Masaryk was enthusiastically 
grasped by the international Jewish press and published in excerpts in all large 
cities: in Vienna, Berlin, Paris, London, Budapest, and New York; the 

subsequent confiscation of this infamous pamphlet could change nothing. The 
Munchener Neueste Nachrichten, after the Berliner Tageblatt [Berlin Daily] the 
influential organ at that time of the AIU for Germany, printed one full page from 
this brochure! Theodor Fritsch wrote in his Handbuch der Judenfrage [Handbook 
of the Jewish Question]: (286) "Upon all trials in the world which concern a Jew, it 
(the AIU) seeks to win determining influence. Like an invisible power, it was 
evident everywhere. . ." 

As "supplement and reinforcement" of his brochure, in the year of the Pisek 
pronouncement of judgement Masaryk's book. Die Bedeutung des Polnaer 
Verbrechens fUr den Ritual-Aberglauben [The Meaning of the Polna Crime for the 
Ritual-Superstition] followed. It states in conclusion: "I wanted to conclude these 
Polna studies with the wish that they would contribute to the rooting out of the 
ritual-superstition. During my work it became clearer and clearer to me: the ritual- 
superstition is a charge against the Bohemian people. The Jews of Bohemia and of 
the Bohemian lands in general belong to the elite, not only of the Austrian [Jewry], 
but of Jewry in general. ~ How can one impute barbaric ritual-murder to them! 
And if such an educated and morally high-standing group of Jews as these of 
Bohemia ~ if they had a ritual-murder sect in their midst ~ then how barbaric 
would the general condition of the culture of us Christians have to be, in which 
such a sect could have developed and kept itself?! The more one reflects about the 
ritual-superstition, the more absurd and dangerous it must appear for our people. 
Only an energetically conducted unbiased appeal of the trial can remove the 
cultural, religious, medical, and judicial stain of shame from Kuttenberg.!" 

"Three famous scholars of the Law, the criminal law instructors Professor Dr. 
Franz von Liszt, Confidential Justice Councilor (Berlin), Professor Dr. G. StoB 
(Vienna), and the former President of the Chief District court of Vienna, His 
Excellency Dr. von Krall, expressed themselves for the necessity of the appeal of 
the trial,. . . the important attomey-at-law Dr. NuBbaum in Berlin and Professor G. 
Masaryk in Prague demonstrate in weighty books the untenability of the 
sentence, also the Czech poet Machar stands up for Hilsner. . .In the house of 
Deputies the well-known, conscientious Reichsrat Deputy Dr. Julius Ofner ~ 
likewise an important expert in the law ~ along with his comrades, directs an 
interpellation simply radiant in its contents and composition to the Justice 
Minister, on 28 January 1907, for the reopening [of the case] according to § 362 
StPO.; on 26 May 1907 the bold (287) advocate of the mother of Hilsner, Dr. 
Elbogen, gave an electrifying talk at the Verein zur Abwehr des Antisemitismus 
[literally: Union for the beating back or fending off of anti-Semitism] about this 
[case], on 18 March 1908, [there was] a recent [meeting] in the Sophie Hall in 
front of a large public, which was invited by a distinguished Committee 
appointed by the Union 'for defense,' after an appeal to the public conscience 
written by it in December 1907, in the form of a petition to His Majesty, had 
been transmitted to all readers as a supplement by the Neue Freie Presse [New 
Free Press]:' (U) 

With this we once again see the good society of Europe presented! 

These Jewish-free masonic powers, even if they had not arrived at full 
development for certain reasons during both trials, had achieved total success 

afterward. If we are also no longer informed today about the details, so Hilsner 
was actually at first pardoned to serve life-long imprisonment! Here he did not 
have it so bad. He, the illiterate, got assigned a so-called "intelligence-cell" and 
was presented with kosher food. Now and then he received visits from girls. But 
that an authority had at all dared to condemn the Jewish vagabond and ritual- 
murderer Hilsner, deeply offended the Berlin Jew NuBbaum. In concluding 
consideration of both "cases" of Hruza/Klima, he wrote in 1906 as follows in his 
"criminal-psychological examination" on the Polna ritual-murder trial, which was 
furnished with a "foreword" by the Franz v. Liszt already named above because of 
the "scientific content of the account": "On the whole, one must account the 
Hilsner trial as the saddest aberration of the modern administration of justice. 
Among ritual-murder trials, among which, despite the evasive etiquette, it belongs 
without question, it is the most deplorable because it alone led to the legally valid 
condemnation of the accused. The administration of justice at any rate did not 
execute the judgement ~ a clear sign that it mistrusted the verdict of the jury ~ but 
commuted the [sentence] of the double-murderer to life-long (288) imprisonment. 
Hilsner thereby kept his life. Thus he can and must be helped. . .But it is not a 
matter here just of Hilsner. A victory of justice would remain a shining landmark 
far beyond the individual case: it would help save the adminstration of justice in 
the future from the same aberrations. And more than anything else: a horrible 
error of justice has been committed ~ to atone for this is an inescapable moral 

Nineteen years later, after the collapse of the Danube monarchy, the ''UbervoW of 
the Jews paid its trusted man his Judas reward: Masaryk, as a high-degree 
Freemason, became President of the Czech-Slovakian republic, god fathered by the 
Jews and Freemasons. The time was past when the Prague students were still able 
to demonstrate against the scandal- writings of Masaryk, so that he had to break off 
his lectures for some time; forgotten, too, that incident about a year after the Polna 
trial, when Masaryk was "coarsely insulted" in a small Bohemian city where he 
was recognized (NuBbaum, page 6). Masaryk followed his "moral duty" from now 
on: one of the first "acts" of the newly-baked President was the release of Hilsner 
from prison. The latter was still to enjoy a decade of freedom under the pseudonym 
Heller, with the best of health, and supported by ample financial means. The 
inscription of his "tomb of honor" in the Jewish Central Cemetary in Vienna 
reads: "Leopold Hilsner (Heller), died 8 January 1928 in his 51st year. As the 
innocent victim of the ritual-murder lie he languished 19 years in jail." 

Go to Chapter 8: Konitz 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Konitz 1900 

Page 1 


At the end of April 1900 ~ therefore still in the year of the Hilsner trial ~ the 
following public notice appeared: 

"Murder in Konitz. Twenty thousand Marks reward is promised by the Herr 
Minister of the Interior to any private person who gives crucial information for the 
investigation of the murderer or murderers of the upper fourth-former Ernst 
Winter. The decision concerning the payment of the reward is reserved to the Herr 
Minister. ~ Marienwerder, 27 April 1900. The President of the government." 

Since the murderers were Jews, the Herr Minister did not need to worry about the 
paying out of this prize! 

In midsummer of the same year, one Jewish-liberal paper wrote that the Chinese 
disorder was very inconvenient for the anti-Semites, because the Konitz murder 
story would be pushed into the background by it and gradually would fall into 
"forgetfulness." At any rate, a fading away of the public discussion had to be very 
much opportune for Jewry. 

Since the investigation process had degenerated into a public scandal, at the end of 
November 1900 an "Alliance for the clearing up of the Konitz murder" was 
formed in Konitz, subscribed to by the Catholic and Evangelical [i.e., Lutheran] 
clergy and the city councilors of the region, as well as several Landstag and 
Reichstag deputies(l}. In an appeal by this alliance, it says that it "appears ever 
more possible that the mysterious murder will find a solution and punishment." ~ 
For the time being self-help was asked for: ". . .and since it is feared that for now 
the bureaucracy in Germany will be filled increasingly with Jewish and Jewish- 
legal viewpoints and ideas, thus self-help must be recommended. The Konitz 
murder puts anxiety for the well-being of our children first and foremost in our 
hearts. Are Christian children still safe from the slaughter? Where the power (292) 
of the state fails, help must be formed from out of the womb of the family. We also 
turn to the clergy, the teachers, and the father of the family." 

The following advice was given in connection with this: "Parents might want to 

make known to their children, at the right time for it, the fate of the high school 
student Winter. Our children will then, on their own, be careful not to make 
friendships with Jewish children and enter Jewish houses alone. The clergy and the 
teachers might want to warn the populace in the country, in particular young 
farmhands and milk maids. In the environs of Konitz, cases have still occurred 
in the last decades, where serving girls who were in service with Jewish 
families suddenly vanished without a trace. At the close of business, when 
entering Jewish houses is unavoidable, a man should take a companion with him. . 
." "Should a murder similar to those in Konitz and Xanten happen, the Christian 
inhabitants of the place should immediately meet in a union for legal protection, 
which entirely openly works toward the prosecution of the murderers, collects 
money, and if possible prevents [the outcome] that 'again, nothing comes out of it 
[the investigation].' The union for legal protection has both to keep in touch with 
the press as well as to warn the populace of the area urgently against banding 
together [i.e., vigilantism] and committing violence; the latter is if use only to the 
murderers and their accomplices." 

The power of the Jew was complete: the judicial authorities fail to act, the press 
clearly serves Jewish interests or at least behaves with indifference ~ so 
courageous men with a sense of responsibility got together, issued a summons, and 
had to ask for private financial support in order to bring about proceedings against 
Jewish murderers ~ German men knew no other way to help themselves, other than 
to resort to self-help! 

A member of the German Reichstag, the German-Social anti-Semitic Deputy 
Liebermann von Sonnenberg, arranged for a collection of authentic material by 
an experienced criminalist. At the beginning of the year 1901, the result of these 
examinations could be presented to the public, which must have been all the more 
full of significance, when "the Jewish (293) confusion-committee is also recently 
again busily working" ~ as Liebermann von Sonnenberg meaningfully stressed 
at the start. The Deputy advised arranging meetings of the people in all Gauen, 
with the theme Konitz, and that petitions be sent from those meetings to the 
Chancellor of the Reich, the Reichstag, the Prussian Minister of Justice, and the 
Kaiser. The conscience of the German people should not be permitted to have 
peace until the Konitz blood-murder was atoned for! 

Ernst Winter 

The murdered boy, the eighteen year-old high school student Ernst Winter (born on 
27 September 1881 in the Church city of Prechlau near Konitz, west Prussia) was 
attending the gymnasium [= high school] at Konitz since 1894 and lived here as a 
lodger. His father was a building contractor in Prechlau. Ernst Winter was 
popular everywhere and of a clean, life-loving disposition and was very imposing 
and powerfully built. He was considered the best gymnast of the high school and 
also had maintained a very good record in the sciences. In the dance class Ernst 
Winter had become acquainted with the daughters of the Jews Tuchler and 
Caspary in Konitz. These appear to have had the task of holding the high schooler 
Winter in Konitz. Moreover, the circumstance that Winter did not come from the 
city himself made him especially suitable as a victim, since the inquiries about a 

non-native student who disappeared were expected to first begin two or three days 
afterward, as in fact actually occurred. In any case, Winter was shadowed for a 
long time, according to plan, [as he went about] his daily routines. On Sunday, 11 
March 1900, the day of the murder. Winter attended church in the morning. From 
there, he made his way to the cigar store of Fischer; (294) for some time he chatted 
with the proprietor, then he strolled along the market toward his apartment at the 
house of the master baker Lange for lunch. For about an hour he went to his room, 
which he shared with two other high school students; he casually mentioned to 
them that in the afternoon he was invited to a birthday celebration. An hour later he 
left the house, never to return. Witnesses saw him for the last time still in front of 
the house of the Jewish merchant Caspary ~ since then he has not been seen alive 

In the afternoon of Monday, 12 March, the builder Winter in Prechlau received 
the news that his son Ernst was missing since Sunday afternoon. He immediately 
went to Konitz and reported to the head mayor Deditius as the police chief in 
charge. However, the police took no action. Therefore, the father had to 
himself proceed to search for his son, vanished without a trace! With the support of 
the master baker Lange, even the shores of the Monchsee [= Monk Lake], which 
bordered the city, were searched. On the afternoon of 13 March the searchers 
noticed that the ice covering the city basin, in whose direct vicinity the synagogue 
stood, was conspicuously smashed in one place. A stick was poked under the ice 
and a large parcel tied up with brown paper was produced. After removal of the 
paper, an object carefully sewed in with canvas was found. The seams were 
undone, and into sight came the torso of a young man, without head and neck, 
without arms, only the upper body down to the end of the ribs, and the spine was 
sawed through. The father Winter recognized the upper body of his son by certain 
features. Finally the police cordoned off the area. As the first [on the scene], the 
court physician, the medical advisor Dr. MuUer, state's attorney Settegast, and 
mayor Deditius examined the gruesome discovery. Witnesses noticed that a Jew 
had been closely observing the incident the whole time from the synagogue lying 
directly across the way, and disappeared just when attention was directed toward 

The interest of the police became more lively from now on ~ after two valuable 
days had passed! They even fished both of the lower parts of the upper body from 
out of the lake. The body parts were (295) delivered to the city hospital. On 
Thursday, 15 March ~ therefore four days after the murder ~ the right arm was 
discovered on the gate of the Evangelical churchyard. Some private individuals 
offered the police their good hunting dogs to search for the parts of the body which 
were still missing. Police chief Deditius declined. The gentlemen thereupon took 
up the search alone with their dogs. In fact, in another section of the Monchsee the 
right thigh, from which the lower leg had been skillfully detached at the knee, was 
found in this way. 

Four weeks later, on 15 April 1900, on the first day of the Easter holiday, at the 
other end of the city in the meadow by the city woods, the still recognizable head 
of the high schooler, with part of the neck, was discovered by children playing. 

Excitement in the city was growing ~ from the known facts of the case, people 

drew conclusions about the place of the crime and the perpetrators; only the 
authorities still noticed nothing. The populace expressed their convictions without 
concealment: nothing should come of it! 

At the end of March, two and a half weeks after the crime, the Police Commissar 
Wehn appeared from Berlin, to put the Konitz police on the right track. He had 
brought along the conviction that the murderers in no way were to be sought 
among the Jews. He questioned witnesses for months, in order to be able to 
convict a non- Jewish resident of the murder. Witnesses who said anything against 
Jews were badly treated without exception ~ one need recall only Xanten and 
Skurz ~ were rudely spoken to, and cross-examined until Wehn believed that they 
had been caught in contradictions; with that, the "case" involved was then 
dismissed! The non- Jewish population of the region summarized their personal 
opinion about the activity of this Commissar, by saying that this official considered 
every non- Jew to be a priori extremely untrustworthy, while on the other hand he 
held every Jew to be a truth-loving and reasonably thinking man! Consequently, 
his procedures aroused enormous animosity in the populace. At their first 
conference. Commissar Wehn asked a Konitz resident who was a former 
policeman, (296) and who was still was consulted due to his great experience in 
criminal investigations ~ for this [incident] the witness concerned was available ~ : 
"Herr Colleague, what do you think about this affair?" When the latter responded 
to this by speaking of leads which pointed to the Jews, Wehn declared: "You 
believe that the Jews could be the murderers? Then we cannot work together." The 
police officer was, in fact, no longer consulted! 

The following course of a witness interrogation of this Commissar may be put 
forward as being typical: A Frau Borchardt wanted to make a statement before 
Wehn about a conversation she heard of the Jewish family Meyer of Konitz, 
which concerned the young Winter. At the end of the protocol, Wehn wrote in his 
own hand that the witness finally retracted her entire statement which she had just 
made. But this witness was heard again later, in the jury-court proceedings against 
the worker Masloff(2). She declared with great astonishment that it had not 
occurred to her at all at that time to retract her statement. Herr Wehn, she said, 
merely asked her whether she was able to tell him exactly the day of the overheard 
conversation. This she answered in the negative, but immediately wished to add "I 
cannot give [you] the day." But already, at the word "no," Herr Wehn (she said) 
jumped up and screamed at her: "Then if you know nothing, see to it that you 
leave." ~ In spite of these practices, he didn't get anywhere; Wehn wanted to 
achieve something positive ~ for the exoneration of the Konitz Jews. Thus he 
suddenly came around to the opinion that only homosexuals could have committed 
the murder. Cunningly, the Jews knew how to steer suspicion onto a young master 
tailor whose father, having died a year previously, had been the single open anti- 
Semite in Konitz ~ reason enough to impute all sorts of shameful things to his son 
now. Thus wrote the Jew Klausner in his paper, the Israelitische Wochenschrift 
[Israelite Weekly Letter] (Nr. 27, 1900) explicitly: "In Konitz things are even 
worse for the anti-Semites. Here the suspicion is legitimate that the murder was 
planned in advance and was performed with the intention of putting the blame for it 
on the Jews. The entire behavior of the anti-Semitic spokesmen and of the (297) 
anti-Semitic press compels [us] to accept this. . .anti-Semitism and criminality are 
identical concepts, insofar as there may well be criminals who are not anti-Semites - 

- but there cannot be anti-Semites who are not criminals. Up until now, the state 
has not yet reached the realization that it has reason to give special attention to this 
special criminality. Instead, it grants it seemingly inexhaustible forbearance." 

But the young tailor soon dealt with his visible and invisible opponents. He was 
able to prove that he had made a pleasure trip out of the area with several 
gentlemen on the day of the murder until the nighttime. By his proposal, all these 
witnesses were questioned under oath by the investigating magistrate of the district 
court at Konitz, and he was left in peace from further defamation. 

The burial of the murdered gymnasium student took place during the period of 
activity of this extremely unusual Criminal Commissar. On 22 May, the State 
Attorney's Office had released the body parts which had been found. On Sunday, 
27 May 1900, an aroused crowd of people numbering many thousands 
accompanied the remains to the grave at the Evangelical cemetery at Konitz. The 
burial of Winter was described by the Jews as an "animal show"! (According to 
the Germania, Nr. 127, 6 June 1900.) 

At around this time appeared the police Inspector Braun, likewise from Berlin, for 
the further support of the police forces. He shared with Wehn the view of 
excluding the Jews as perpetrators, but exceeded by far the ruthlessness of his 
Berlin colleague. For his part, Braun wrote: "I refrain as a matter of course from 
[considering] as the motive, the blood-accusation of ritual-murder, raised during 
the investigations by fanatics or the ignorant, which shames all of Christendom ~ 
since such [an accusation] can originate only from malice or dark superstition." ~ 
In line with this principle, he conducted his activities, which belong to the most 
wretched of Jew-friendly maneuvers. After a zealous study of the documents, 
Braun put together a formal bill of indictment against the German head master 
butcher and Konitz town councilman Hoffmann and his fourteen-year-old (!) 
daughter, and handed them over to the State Attorney's Office in Konitz. The (298) 
Chief State's Attorney Settegast proposed the opening of the prelimninary 
investigation against Hoffmann and his arrest! The investigating judge. Dr. 
Zimmerman, opened the preliminary investigation, after the previously long- 
standing examining judge. Councilor Schulze, apparently deemed not entirely 
"reliable," had suddenly been sent to Danzig. Inspector Braun declared that he 
would very soon bring the master butcher Hoffmann and his daughter to confess 
the murder, and there began the shameful doings against an old established and 
respected citizen and councilor of Konitz, which evoked the greatest outrage in all 
of Germany. 

In his defense statementQ), Hoffmann described in detail how the Jews and their 
helpers wanted to stamp him as a murderer by means of artificial agitation. The 
Braun indictment was also, of course, actually only an expression of that which the 
Jews had already contrived and been disseminating against the Hoffmann family 
long before: that Hoffmann had threatened Winter with killing him! The basis for 
this claim was the following insignificant incident: On an evening of the winter of 
1899/1900, his daughter Anna was standing with two young people in front of the 
door of her father's place of business, which was located in the busiest part of the 
city. This did not please Hoffmann, and he called his daughter inside. Both young 
men were supposed to have been called louts by Hoffmann ~ in any event they 

immediately removed themselves ~ one of them was supposed to have been the 
young Winter. A teacher of Winter's, a gymnasium professor, stated that on the 
evening of the 11th of March, thus on the day of the murder, he had heard the 
frightful scream of a human being from the synagogue toward half past seven. 
From this Braun drew the following astute conclusions: Next to the synagogue 
was located the wagon shed of Hoffmann; in this shed, between seven and eight 
o'clock in the evening. Winter and the fourteen-year-old Anna Hoffmann had 
immoral relations, her father, Hoffmann had surprised them, drawn a large butcher 
knife and had cut off Winter's head! 

(299) Now the meticulous Hoffmann had no reason at all to search for his 
daughter, since at the time in question she was to be found in the parental 

In his defense statement, Hoffmann said in the crucial passage: ".. .my daughter 
was still taking a walk in the city, but was already back home again before seven 
o'clock, in order to prepare supper. . .We ~ that is, I, my daughter, and the other 
family members, ate supper together toward seven-thirty. My daughter set supper 
before the apprentices after eight o'clock. After that we all remained at home 
without interruption and went to sleep. I might remark that I myself did not stir 
outside of my apartment." Although witnesses were able to confirm these 
statements, the charge of homicide was lodged by the State Attorney's Office 
against Hoffmann and the judicial preliminary investigation and immediate arrest 
were arranged. 

Whatever intrigues besides went on behind the scenes to bring about the 
proceedings against Hoffmann, have never come completely to light. Only this 
became known, that Braun was continually in contact with a Jewish agent in 
Konitz by the name of Ranch. 

In any case, the German sector of the populace, for their part, came to the 
conviction that "the non-Jews in Prussia are still regarded only as second-class 
citizens" (Liebermann von Sonnenberg). 

The great animosity against the authorities, which finally took on riotous form, was 
explainable in no small part by the fact that nearly all statements made by non-Jews 
were looked upon as not credible, while Jewish statements were constantly viewed 
as flawless and as a consequence made use of! 

But how did the arrest of Hoffmann occur? 

He himself wrote about this: "On Tuesday, 29 May 1900, both police commissars 
from Berlin, Braun and Wehn, after they had previously carried out a very 
thorough house search at my [home], brought me and my fourteen year-old 
daughter to the police office and charged us both with having committed the 
murder of the gymnasium student Winter. Both the Commissars thereby put forth 
the claim that I had, on 11 March, (300) toward seven o'clock in the evening, 
missed my daughter, had searched for her, and came upon her in the wagon shed 
situated near my icehouse on the Monchsee [Monk Lake], how she was in 
intercourse with the high school student Winter. Out of rage over this [I was 
supposed to have] throttled Winter and stabbed him. This monstrous accusation 

was put before me. These officials presented this same fairy tale to my daughter 
and even wanted to persuade my daughter that all had been discovered 
already, she should only confess it, then a more lenient punishment would be 
given me, her father." 

The daughter, still a child, was supposed to be pressed into [making] an untrue 
accusation of her own father! 

In reality, the goings-on were much more scandalous yet: 

Hoffmann and his daughter were treated like criminals! The daughter was 
separated from her father in a police guard room from eight until one o'clock, held 
in custody under the supervision of a police officer and was twice fetched out for 
interrogation. But there was nothing further to be gotten out of her other than: "But 
my God! I know nothing of this, I can say nothing!" ~ Meanwhile, Hoffmann was 
again led back into his apartment in order to be present at a new, thorough search. 
From here, he had to follow the officials to the shed, lying about 200 steps distant 
from their synagogue. Then Hoffmann, surrounded by a police team, was again 
transported to the police station, right through the midst of a large crowd of people, 
to be subjected to a cross-examination there! 

In the meantime, the populace of Konitz had banded together at the market in front 
of the police office and assumed a threatening attitude. Under these circumstances, 
it seemed advisable to Inspector Braun to no longer keep up the arrest, and he 
released father and daughter. 

Concerning the further course of the day, which signified a disgrace for imperial 
justice, Hoffmann wrote in his quoted letter: "On the evening of the same day, the 
Jews and friends of the Jews spread throughout the whole population [the rumor] 
that I was supposed to be arrested in the night. It was clear to me and my friends 
that it was desired to intentionally provoke unrest in the night thereby, (301) which 
they succeeded in doing. Up until then, only a few immature fellows had been 
calling out "Hepp, Hepp" in the streets in the darkness till ten o'clock, and now and 
then furtively broken a window pane. At the news of my arrest, however, several 
thousand adult and mostly married men assembled on their own in order to prevent 
the blow intended against all Christians by means of the arrest of my person. Each 
one of the thousands of serious men who filled the streets and squares, was aware 
that he, just as well as I today, could be made to appear as a murderer 
tomorrow before Herr Braun. They called out openly to the gendarmes: 'The 
Jews slaughter our children, the Jews profane our graves, and now even more 
Christians are supposed to be killed!' The married men placed themselves in front 
of the gendarmes and invited them to strike out at them. Only a people which has 
the profoundest conviction of my innocence, and which deeply feels the 
monstrosity of my being made to appear as a murderer, can behave in such a way." 

In these critical days, the municipal head authority found it advisable to go out of 
town. Under the date 5 June 1900, the report appears in the paper: "The mayor has 
gone on vacation." Just a full month later, on 30 June, the examining judge 
concluded the preliminary investigation. The charges of Braun collapsed. On 19 
July 1900, the cessation of the proceedings was officially communicated to the 
master butcher Hoffmann. The grounds for the decision of cessation laid down by 

the Konitz court should be rendered in their essential points due to their 

"According to the medical expert opinion of the district physician Dr. MuUer and 
of the general practitioner Dr. Bleske of 29 June 1900, the murder of the 
gymnasium student Winter occurred between three and four o'clock and at the 
latest four-thirty in the afternoon. Accordingly it appears, however, entirely out of 
the question that the accused was the perpetrator, because on the afternoon of 
Sunday 11 March 1900, the accused first stopped in church, and then stopped 
with his daughter Anna in the house of the master butcher Ziebarth and his wife 
until after six o'clock. 

(302) Moreover, according to the opinion of the experts Drs. Muller and Bleske, it 
is fully out of the question that the perpetrator committed the crime without 
deliberation, rather the condition of the body, the manner of dismemberment and 
manner of the dispersal of the bodily parts indicate that the crime was 
performed by more than two persons and according to a well thought-out 
plan. The accused Hoffmann can thus also for this reason not come into 
consideration as the perpetrator ..." 

The Hoffmann episode in the Winter murder tragedy had reached its end. The 
actual victors here were also the Jews: if they did not succeed, as in the year 1884 
in Skurz, in bringing a likewise innocent, non- Jewish butcher to the dock, they 
could still say: the judicial investigation due to the murder of Winter was not 
opened against any "of our people," but against a non- Jew, the authorities must 
think, therefore, the perpetrator or perpetrators are to be found only among non- 
Jews. And the actual Jewish and Jewish-slave papers and weeklies wrote in this 
vein ~ but more than anything else, Jewry had achieved one essential result: 
suspicion had been diverted from the actual murderers for a sufficiently long time, 
to be able to thoroughly erase the traces of a blood-murder! 

The Murderers 

The court decision of 19 July 1900 assumed [the existence of] several murderers ~ 
which doubtless was correct. In order to tie up and gag the young, exceptionally 
powerful Winter in such a manner, in order to be able to cut through the throat of 
his living body, a larger number of men was required. The murderers had to have 
found a suitable space with suitable facilities, which could be brightly illuminated. 
Instruments and a table had to be prepared in order to dismember the body of the 
victim. Moreover, packing material for the body parts had to be gotten. ~ The 
murderers also had accomplices in the city of Konitz. This is proved by the 
subsequent carrying (303) of the arm to the Evangelical churchyard and of the head 
into the marshy field at the other side of the city. 

On the basis of eyewitness statements, which will be yet more closely dealt with 
in a special section, the murder of Winter can be reconstructed in the following 
manner: On the days of the 14th, 15th, 20th and 21st of April 1900, the Jews had 
their Easter festival, for which non- Jewish blood was needed. This time Konitz 
was selected to furnish the slaughtered sacrifice and to provide the location for the 
ritual- slaughter. The house and the cellar of the Jewish butcher Adolf Levy, 

outfitted for the taking apart of animal carcasses and with its double entrances from 
two streets, was determined as suitable location for this! As can be proved, 
collections of money "for taking care of expenses" were organized among the Jews 
resident in Konitz. . . 

The murderers arrived in Konitz from every direction. One Jew came from out of 
Russia across Strasburg (West Prussia). The itinerary of several other Russian- 
Polish Jews was no longer able to be determined. In addition, a number of Jewish 
ritual-slaughterers or religious officials arrived from various parts of West 
Prussia and Posen. The Russian-Polish Jews were likewise ritual-slaughterers or 
religious officials. In particular, one man was conspicuous, who limped and had 
smallpox scars on his face(4). According to the honor accorded to him by other 
Jews, he seemed to be a "light of Israel." Already from Saturday evening on, some 
of the murderers arrived inconspicuously through both of the entrances in the Levy 
house and lay in wait for the appearance of the victim. Three young non-Jews did 
not walk into the trap; only the harmless and unsuspecting Winter, who already 
was long since enmeshed, entered the Levy premises on Sunday at about six in the 
evening and was overpowered! He was kept in a gagged condition up until the 
ritual slaughtering, carried out at a somewhat later time, and at which all the 
murderers appeared when darkness fell. With a knife the schdchter cut through the 
neck and the neck vessels directly to the trunk. After the blood had run completely 
out of the body, the corpse was properly dismembered. 

(304) At the same time, something was going on in the synagogue. At night, from 
the 11th to the 12th of March, a light was burning there between 1 1 and 12 
o'clock and a tangle of voices was heard. ~ The same thing had been noticed in 
Tisza-Eszlar! ~ The murderers themselves, in the course of the night and of the 
following day, again departed from Konitz in all directions with their booty, the 
blood of Winter. 

The conformity of Winter's murder with the ritual-murder of the boy Cy bulla in 
Skurz which occurred in the year 1884 is striking: at both murders the 
disarticulation of the thighs was performed with the greatest skill, and the opening 
of the abdominal cavity was also carried out with the most exact concordance, and 
in particular in both cases with one cut which passed along the right side of the 
navel; also, the absence of individual parts of the body is characteristic ~ these 
conformities, extending to individual details, allow the presumption that both 
victims were dismembered by one and the same person, who possessed great 
expertise and experience in the proper dismemberment of the human body! 

At the request of the prosecutor's office, the Berlin physicians Drs. Mittenzweig 
and Stormer undertook in Konitz the post-autopsy examination of Winter's body 
parts; both doctors totally agreed with the Konitz physicians, but expanded upon 
their expert opinion in the most essential point: that the body parts were 
completely empty of blood! The Berlin physicians determined: 

1. that the killing of Winter took place by means of cutting into the neck and 
cutting through the large vessels of the neck, 

2. that Winter met his death through external bleeding from the incised neck 

3. that the cutting up of the body was effected by means of knife and saw by an 
expert hand and 

4. that the complete exsanguination of the parts of the body was already done 
when the parts were wrapped up and sunk in the lake. 

From these findings, the physicians further assumed that the death of Winter had 
been brought about in such a manner that he initially was brought to the point of 
suffocation in the first phase by means of the clasping shut of the nose and 
mouth, and that, in the second phase, (305)his life was taken by the neck cut and 
removal of blood. 

In plain words, the gist of the experts' report read: Ernst Winter was expertly 
ritually slaughtered! 

The Witnesses 

The plan for the slaughter of a young man in the city of Konitz and especially in 
the house of the Jewish ritual-slaughterer Levy was doubtless prepared months in 
advance according to definite directives. Besides Winter, three young people (5) 
had been selected and already enmeshed ~ but they instinctively sensed danger and 
escaped slaughter. These were: 

1. the farmer H. In January, the Jewish merchant C. said to the unmarried farmer 
H., a young man in the prime of health, after first inquiring as to whether H. truly 
was in complete health: "You have good blood, you are good for it. . ."; after H. 
asked what that was supposed to mean, C. replied: "The blood is costly this year, 
it*s costing us a half million Marks ''(6); 

2. the merchant S. in Zempelburg; Moritz Levy visited the young merchant S., 
from whom the Levys had purchased a bicycle, conspicuously often in the weeks 
before the murder. At every opportunity, the Jew asked whether S. also was in the 
best of health, forced himself in close proximity to him for the alleged purpose of 
comparing the size of their bodies, and urgently requested him several times to 
come to Konitz, in order to get the money for the bicycle. ~ Downright creepy 

3. the case of the worker Laskowski of Frankenhagen; Eight days before the 
murder of Winter, Moritz Levy had purchased a cow from the farmer Grabowicz 
in Frankenhagen and thereupon demanded especially forcefully, that a young and 
strapping farmhand, Tucchinski, should deliver the cow in Konitz on the Sunday, 
11 March. On (306) the forenoon of the day of the murder, the 11th of March, 
when Winter still had not been lured into the trap, both young Levys drove to 
farmer Grabowicz and heard that not Tucchinski, but rather the worker 
Laskowski was given the task of getting the cow to Konitz. The Levys then made 
the utmost effort to bring about a modification of this arrangement, which was, 
however, no longer possible. Moritz Levy instructed the worker to tie the animal 
preferably in the inn and then pick up his fee for driving [the cow]. But he was 
supposed to come through the rear courtyard door. Since Laskowski was not 
familiar with the location, he entered the Levy property through the front door by 
mistake, and thus escaped the fate which a few hours later was intended for the 

gymnasium student Winter. The worker Laskowski declared in his statement 
before the court: "... I had a great feeUng of anxiety at the time, it seemed so eerie 
to me, the entire bearing of Levy imbued me with a horror, as if they wished to do 
me evil. In the room (behind the store) I heard old man Levy murmuring in a 
conversation with the rest of them. I heard the words: 'Is the matter arranged?. . .tie 
the legs. . .Monk Lake!' When I heard these words, a mortal terror came over me. I 
was now asked whether I was married. I said yes, I have five children. I then heard, 
still in the room there, the words: 'Catch hold soon. . .wouldn't like to take long. . 
.'" ~ That he got to the street again alive, Laskowski owed only to the 
circumstance that a customer suddenly came in and so the Jews were kept from 
their attack! 

In October 1899, the raft master Steincke from Prechlau, the birthplace of 
Winter, had a memorable conversation there with the Jewish ritual-slaughterer 
Eisenstadt. He was buying meat at this butcher's place and came to speak of the 
Winter family. When he offered the opinion that the gymnasium student Winter 
was a nice fellow, Eisenstadt said: "Yes, he's good for slaughtering!" Steincke, 
laughing, replied to this: "Now, he's too young for that, he has hardly any meat!" to 
which this Eisenstadt responded: "That doesn't matter, for he's got blood to give! 
In (307) itself, one could regard this expression merely as a bad joke; an entirely 
different aspect is put on it, however, if one considers that Winter was in fact 
ritually slaughtered some months later, and that Eisenstadt, on the day of the 
slaughter, the 11th of March 1900, himself appeared in Konitz and returned to 
Prechlau just on the Monday. He was bringing along a little box with very nasty- 
smelling contents, a box which disappeared immediately when strangers began to 
take notice of it! 

On the basis of sworn statements by witnesses, it was further determined that, 
besides Eisenstadt of Prechlau, the following foreign ritual-slaughterers 
participated in the murder of Winter: 

1. the brother of the Prechlau Eisenstadt, the Schlochau Eisenstadt, left the 
Catholic hospital (Borromaus-Stift) at Konitz on the evening of 11 March, and 
remained away the entire night, from the 11th to the 12th of March, as could be 
proved on the basis of the entries in the institution's books! Some days later, he 
demanded a certification from the sisters of the institution that he had spent the 
night in question in the hospital (sworn statement of the sisters of the order who 
were involved); 

2. the schdchter [ritual-slaughterer] Hamburger from Schlochau arrived in 
Konitz at noon of 11 March, returned to Schlochau at 8:40 P.M. in the evening 
on train 212, took a wagon there, drove back to Konitz again, and at his return on 
12 March had loaded a box, which he dragged into the forest in the vicinity of the 
Schlochau Lake. After some time, he came back without this box and climbed into 
his wagon [which moved off] in the direction of Schlochau; 

3. the schdchter Haller of Tuchel arrived in Konitz with the noon train from 
Tuchel on 11 March; 

4. the schdchter from Czersk likewise arrived in Konitz on 11 March; 

5. the schdchter from R. (The place name was not written out!). This man had a 
full beard, but returned without the beard, and with a large bruise on his face; 

A few days before the 1 1th of March, five foreign Jews alighted (308) in Konitz 
from the noon train. They were received at the train station with conspicuous 
respect by the synagogue servant Nosseck, and driven to the Jewish Lewinski in 
Konitz. Futhermore, on the 10th and the 11th of March respectively, more than 
ten foreign Jews, probably Jewish religious officials, were noticed in front of and 
in the doorway of a Jewish inhabitant in Konitz! 

The station assistant from Konitz said later, likewise under oath, that not ever 
before had so many Jews come into the place as on the day of the murder! 

On Monday, the 12th of March, witnesses noticed how the Konitz Rabbi 
Kellermann and the Konitz schdchter, who a short time later fled to America, 

both with top hats on their heads, were inspecting a piece of meat (liver?) in the 
Rabbi's room, made incisions in it with a knife, and were making microscopic 
examinations of it. It must have been a type of religious act, because otherwise the 
schdchter would hardly have kept the top hat on his head in the chamber of his 
'superior' ~ for the custom, to have the head covered in a ritual space or at a ritual 
activity, is expressly Jewish" (Schwartz-Bostunisch, Die Fraumauerei 
[Freemasonry], p. 137). 

A woman tailor, K., revealed under oath that on Sunday evening, 17 March, she 
became an unnoticed witness of a conversation between Rabbi Kellermann and 
another , probably foreign, Jew who was unknown to her. She clearly heard the 
following sentences: "Have you kept something in mind?" ~ "That so many devils 
are crawling around here?" ~ "That nothing gets out [about the murder]!" 

In addition, the conversations of other Jews were heard, which allowed the 
conclusion to be made [that there was] far-reaching complicity and knowledge 
[of the crime] ! 

As already mentioned, the right arm of the murder victim was discovered on 15 
March at the Evangelical churchyard, and the head on 15 April in the meadow at 
the city woods. Now the Jewish merchant Israelski was seen: as, on the morning of 
15 March, toward six fifteen, he was walking to the said churchyard with a sack in 
which there was a longish object after the manner of [a loaf of] bread, (309) and as 
he returned, around six forty-five, with the empty sack rolled up. ~ On Good 
Friday, the 13th of April, the same Jew was seen, as he was walking in the 
direction of the city woods with a sack in which a round object ~ like a head of 
cabbage, perhaps ~ was lying, and as, after some time [had passed], he returned 
with dirty boots and the empty sack under his arm. 

Israelski was charged due to the latter occurrence, but was acquitted by the five 
judges of the criminal court, among whom the Jewish district judge Bohm was to 
be found! ~ The wife of Israelski said to the bailiff: "The Russian Jews are gone 

and my husband is now supposed to be the scapegoat!" 

But the chief witness, the worker Masloff, found himself located at the hour of the 
crime at the murder-cellar, and was able to observe the actions of the murderers 

outside of the cellar from his own vantage point. His incriminating statements 
given on 8 June 1900 before the examining judge at the district court in Konitz, 
Dr. Zimmermann, should be reproduced exactly. Masloff stated the following to 
the record: "On Sunday, the 11th of March, toward ten o'clock in the evening, I 
was walking home alone from the residence of my brother-in-law Berg. In Danzig 
Street, I lost the stopper of my snuff glass. I stooped down, it was right in front of a 
cellar window (of the Levy premises); I heard several voices in the cellar but was 
able to understand nothing, or even see into the cellar, because it was totally dark 
and the window appeared to me to be covered. I went to the next window of the 
same house, this was uncovered. A weak glow of light penetrated through this. The 
conversation was being carried on in the cellar; I thought perhaps to be able hear 
more from the street in the rear and went there. I turned into the MauerstraBe at 
Hoffmann' s(7) and eavesdropped at the individual gate wings. There, where I was 
hearing voices behind the gate wing, I knelt down on the ground and listened. I 
heard the voices of many people, and in between (310) also a gasping sound. In 
any case, it was a gurgUng sound. After approximately five minutes a door was 
opened in the interior of the courtyard, and out of the door opening a man stepped 
into the yard. I clearly recognized this man as that person whom I later got to know 
as the old Levy. Levy remained standing in the yard with his head stretched 
forward, in a listening posture. When Levy had been standing there for about five 
minutes, two other men came through the door. While old Levy and both of the 
others were standing there in the yard, there was still further speaking from other 
people behind them. Also, I now was still hearing the gurgling noise. . ." 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Konitz 1900 

Page 2 

(p. 310) 

Masloff waited perhaps an hour and a half; after some time this suspicious noise 
stopped, but the tangle of voices, which had to have originated from many 
persons, persisted. "Suddenly the wings of the gates were opened, and three people 
emerged, two were carrying a bundle, one walked immediately behind them; one 
of bundle-carriers could have been Pince-nez Levy (nickname of the son of Moritz 
Levy). The people were pulling along the bundle with much effort. . .They walked 
along the edge of the street and turned off there toward Monk Lake, where the path 
went toward the basin and where later the body parts were found. . ." 

Masloff stayed for a short while yet at the yard: ". . .while I was at the yard, a 
jumble of voices penetrated from out of the cellar, and I heard a sound as if 
[something] in the cellar was being scrubbed." ~ Masloff then left. 

On the evening of the same day, toward eleven o'clock, several persons perceived a 
peculiar odor, as if from incinerated rags, from the synagogue. 

At the same time, these witnesses saw a light moving in the synagogue. When a 
witness informed Commissar Wehn, the latter said: "There you see again the silly 
prejudice, the silly fairy tale. . ." 

The Jewish merchant Samuel Rosenthal from Kamin, a little town in the direct 
vicinity of Konitz, said shortly after the murder of Winter, in the presence of non- 
Jewish witnesses: "I'm going to Konitz, then I'll tell [the names of] all who were 
there at the slaughtering of Winter." (31 1) ~ On the following day, Rosenthal 
allegedly committed suicide. . . 

In Polzin (Pomerania) lived a relative of the Konitz Levys. As was proved, he was 
present in Konitz with them on 11 March. On his return, he brought along a little 
flask of blood. He was not arrested! 

In Prechlau, on 11 June 1900, the father of the victim received a letter whose 
handwriting pointed to a "leading" Konitz Jew ~ but this Jew, too, was not 
bothered [by the authorities] ! 

The letter, whose photocopy is still preserved, has the following text (after 
removal of numerous mistakes in spelling): 

"To Herr Winter in Prechlau. 

Since the proceedings against H. (Hoffmann is meant!) have begun, we ask that 
you remain silent, we assure you that nothing will come of the murder. This affair 
has already cost us 200,000 Marks. If you, reckoned from today onward, stay silent 
about your suspicions against us, which we had to deal with that way, you will 
receive 50,000 Marks. If you will stay silent, you must immediately have the words 
'Be silent. Winter' in the 'Gtstlligcn' -Graudenz [i.e., the personals column of a 
local paper] and the 50,000 Marks will be sent to you within a month, and from 
different locations and in various amounts, so that it does not attract attention. 
Should you be reasonable, finally, it is to your advantage. ~ If you run to 
Konitz again with this letter, we will learn of it. . .(illegible!). . .and you won't get 
a penny. We Jews did it, but we had to do it, let that be a consolation to you!" 

On the basis of these prominently demonstrated facts, which represent only a 
fraction of the events mostly already investigated in the court documents, the 
father of the murdered boy made application at the State Attorney's office at 
Konitz in November 1900 to initiate criminal proceedings against the Jewish 
schdchter Levy and his son Moritz for aiding and abetting at the murder of his 

(312) The Law Court 

The procedure of the examining judge. Dr. Zimmermann, against the master 
butcher Hoffmann, has already been treated in detail; as we recall, at the end of 
May the proceedings against Hoffmann as the presumptive perpetrator reached a 
critical point, in that the formal preliminary investigation was opened against this 
victim of Jewish diversionary tactics! But after the proceedings had had to be 
stayed, the investigation was carried on under the designation "Winter murder 
case." Since all tracks clearly pointed, totally independently from one another, at 
the house of the Jewish schdchter Adolf Levy, the judicial investigation, with 
every [attempt for the] sparing of Jewry, had to finally concern itself with the Levy 
family. To the greatest shock of town and country, the examining judge. Dr. 
Zimmermann, adopted a course which ran directly counter to public sentiment. 
Thus ~ to set out only a few especially characteristic examples of these corrupt 
"investigative" proceedings ~ several witnesses were arrested in the most ruthless 
manner, and indeed, witnesses who had affirmed under oath facts strongly 
incriminating the Levy family. 

a) The Speisiger trial 

This fate befell first of all the seventeen year-old preparatory student Speisiger. 
After he had been interrogated five times in total ~ of which three times were 
under oath ~ he was arrested under scandalous accompanying circumstances on the 
grounds of alleged perjury. The final interrogation, before the district judge 
Zimmermann, lasted from ten in the morning until ten o'clock in the evening, with 

a two-hour recess during which Speisiger was locked in the court building! In the 
course of this entire day he received no nourishment and was finally arrested at 
night by the order of Dr. Zimmermann! On 6 October ~ Speisiger had meanwhile 
sat in custody for a full quarter year ~ the Speisiger trial was heard before the 
criminal court of the Konitz district court; Speisiger was fully exonerated in the 
course of the trial! Moritz Levy, questioned as a "witness," was arrested while still 
in the courtroom, for intentional perjury! (313) ~ At the least, he had succeeded in 
damaging a young innocent person in the worst way, who was soon supposed to 
take on a public office. Moreover, this victim was not financially compensated in 
any way! 

b) The Masloff trial. 

The extremely important observations of the worker Masloff should have sufficed 
by themselves alone for the arrest of the Levys. Consequently, Masloff had to be 
silenced, since [attempts at] bribery had had no success! 

Zimmermann now tried to wear down the prosecution witnesses by his own 
methods, in hours-long, continuously repeated interrogations. Even here the 
witness was arrested, again because of perjury! In order to intimidate further 
witnesses who had willingly placed themselves at the disposal [of the court], every 
effort was made. The family members of the main prosecution witnesses were 
likewise arrested!The chief state's attorney, Settegast, filed charges of perjury 

1. the worker Masloff, 2. Frau Masloff, 3. the sister of Frau Masloff and 4. the 

mother-in-law of Masloff. 

The jury court proceedings against these four non- Jewish accused took place from 
26 October till 9 November 1900 before the Konitz jury court. The attempt was 
made by the defense to bring forward a portion of the evidentiary material which 
gave indication of the Jewish culpability at the murder of Winter, and with 
surprising success; for both the jurors as well as the audience became convinced 
that the murder only could have been committed by Jews for ritual purposes, and 
indeed, only in the cellar of the schdchter^ Levy! 

The court sessions, one summoned during the day and one at night, amounted to 
this, that the observations stated by Masloff were quite possible ~ the decision 
given by the jurors was obscured and falsified by the Jewish press, so that the 
defense counsel of the Masloff family saw themselves forced to bring to the 
attention of the general public, in a message sent to the Konitzer Tageblatt, (314) 
the depositions of the Masloff couple, which were true according to the 
deliberation by the jury. (8) 

After the outcome of this jury court proceeding, too ~ the women were 
immediately released, Masloff himself later ~ there could be no doubt that, if the 
authorities had pursued the actual murderers and their accomplices with the same 
zeal which they had employed against prosecution witnesses, they [the real 
murderers] would have had to have come promptly to sentence. But these 
manipulations had reached the point that a genuine panic broke out among non- 
Jewish witnesses ~ indeed, everyone had to fear that, after the foregoing events, at 

the very least perjury proceedings would be contrived against him ~ if not worse 
still, as in the Hoffmann case! 

The examining judge Zimmerman emerged as a veritable bogey man; in hours- 
long sessions, witnesses whom he got into his grasp were questioned until they 
were totally exhausted and intimidated, became tangled into supposed 
contradictions and stood on the verge of prison! 

Next to the Chief State's Attorney Settegast was the Attorney General Lautsch of 
the West Prussian highland district of Marienwerder as the representative of the 
prosecution authorities. For him, as well, the valid theorem was: non-Jews are 
suspect, Jews, on the contrary, are credible and honorable witnesses! In the 
Masloff trial, he did his part at a decisive point [of the trial] of designating the 
entire Levy family as worthy of belief, although not three weeks previously, at the 
occasion of the Speisiger trial, a member of this bunch, Moritz Levy, the so-called 
"Pince-nez Levy", had been taken into custody from the courtroom due to 
intentional perjury! And the appearance of this representative of "German" justice 
profoundly aroused the non- Jewish segment of the population! And the result of 
these judicial efforts? 

It did not succeed in saddling a non- Jew with the bestial crime, although the 
infamous tactics of the entire Jewish-inspired proceedings aimed at doing so ~ but 
also, a preliminary investigation against no Jew whatsoever for the murder of 
Winter was opened, (315) and that was the decisive thing, the actual triumph of 
Jewish influence and lobbying! It makes one's face redden still today, that 
"German" judges, who came from the folk and who had been trained at German 
schools of higher education for service to these very folk, had, devoid of any 
healthy sentiment and understanding, succumbed to the Jewish spirit: Xanten, 
Skurz, Polna, and Konitz signify historic as well as judicial facts, which cannot 
be contested! 

One might be able to let these scandalous trials be buried, if we, as members of a 
once crippled and bled-out generation, did not realize that these events helped 
prepare the moral collapse which took place barely two decades later! 

Why did nothing come of [the events of] Konitz, either? ~ We can formulate the 
answer in one sentence: because at that time nothing was supposed to come of 

Besides the Criminal Commissars mentioned, in the course of those memorable 
months a series of higher ~ very much higher ~ officials and very learned and 
secret gentlemen surfaced in Konitz, to "discuss" the case in long, very long 
conferences, which took place behind locked and guarded doors! What was being 
said privately among the essentially illiterate and less secret, honest Konitz 
citizens, was that the gentlemen: Ministerial Director Lucas, Privy Supreme Justice 
Councillor Przewlocka, Privy Councillor Maubach, ~ naturally, all from Berlin ~ 
, the Senate President Hasenstein (see!) and the Attorney General Wulff from 
Marienwerder (West Prussia), tacitly joined in the opinion of the gentlemen: 
Deditius, Wehn, Braun, Zimmermann, and Settegast ~ to wit, that only the 
completely "uneducated folk" could accept the "medieval fairy-tale" of blood- 
murder as their opinion, while legal people were freeing themselves of this 

prejudice, which, again, means that they had rejected in advance a Jewish 
perpetration [of the murder] ! 

That desired stage had been thereby approached, which a Jewish organ dressed in 
the following words: "By every appearance, the investigation in the matter of the 
Konitz murder affair is coming (316) to a conclusion. According to every 
probability, a criminal case (!) will result as the outcome, which claims a certain 
interest merely by the method of the murderer and the speculations and debates 
attached to his person. . .," therefore a criminal case, which merely claimed "a 
certain interest," was to remain of this blood-murder to the end! 


It's necessary in this connection to bring closer attention to the person and behavior 
of the Mayor of Konitz, in order to uncover his unwholesome influence, also, on 
the course of the proceedings. Deditius, earlier Mayor of the Silesian city of 
Strehlen, had made himself unbearable there by his all too openly displayed 
Jewish-friendly attitude, and he preferred to favor [with his presence] the West 
Prussian city of Konitz, as its head. The fate of the investigation lay to a great ~ if 
not decisive ~ extent, in the hands of this man, who, in his capacity as head of the 
city, also functioned simultaneously as Chief of Police, for the initiative of the 
discovery of crime was incumbent upon the local police authorities, who were 
authorized to act independently. 

How did Deditius conduct himself now? ~ In all of Konitz, everyone was of the 
opinion that, if this man had immediately initiated measures in a truly expeditious 
manner, the crime would have been promptly cleared up! Practical suggestions 
and assistance were ignored or gruffly rejected. The city of Konitz ~ as can be 
seen from the city plan ~ could be thoroughly cordoned off, according to its quite 
simple and clearly arranged architecture, with the smallest conceivable detachment 
of troops and without the calling in of outside military help. For this purpose the 
fire department, the veterans' association, the rifle club, and the local citizens 
offered their help: Deditius refused it!. 

The next step, the house searches, were ~ as far as Jewish property was concerned 
~ conducted sloppily and superficially! After it was unavoidable that the (317) 
Levy premises, the den of murderers, be inspected, the Jewess Levy, who allegedly 
was not feeling well, was allowed to remain lying peacefully in bed, although this 
circumstance had to have been highly suspicious, indeed this Jewess was able to 
conceal extremely incriminating evidence! At house searches arranged later, 
naturally even less was discovered, for one can characterize the first, cursory 
"visits" as plain warning signals! As we recall, some Konitz gentlemen offered 
their good hunting dogs to assist the searches, especially for finding the body parts 
of the murder victim: Deditius declined with the suggestion that the gentlemen 
could go in the houses themselves and search with their dogs, if they absolutely 
wanted to do that! ~ one was supposed to believe that the decisions about domestic 
law were still currently the mayor's! 

But the same Deditius personally beat with a whip young people who had given 
unequivocal public expression to their opinion on the occasion of Hoffmann's 

arrest, in the police building, after they had first been rendered defenseless! The 
same Deditius, without being rebuked, entered extremely subjective comments 
into the protocol records in his own hand instead of leaving this judgement to the 
judicial authorities! 

For rounding out this portrait the case of a witness interrogation should still be 
briefly touched upon, which can be described as typical. ~ A respected and 
honorable Konitz citizen made very important observations on the day of the 
murder and on the day after, which related to the presence of Polish Jews, ritual- 
slaughterers, and rabbis in the city of Konitz, as a collusion of several Konitz 
Jews. He was relating his observations at a table of his friends, and a listener 
reported what he'd heard to the court. The citizen concerned was summoned as a 
witness. In the between-time of only a few days, the secret Jewish intelligence 
service, which pursued every witness with the greatest attention and so then 
attempted to deal with him accordingly, had learned of this. The Jews threatened 
him with economic ruin; various orders which the witness had received from Jews 
were cancelled with innuendos which were not to be misunderstood, everything 
was tried in order to bring injury to the man. At the police bureau, he was (318) 
questioned by Deditius and the notorious Commissar Wehn jointly; the Mayor 
sought to make clear to him ~ this time in an adroitly jovial manner, that his 
observations could have been based upon mere delusions, without the witness even 
being heard to the end [of his statement] ! This cosy treatment of the matter did not 
soothe the conscience of this Konitz citizen, and he spoke on. But now Wehn 
brought out the heavy artillery, without hesitation declared the witness to be biased, 
his statements to be contradictory, and by no means credible! The witness hardly 
noted what was written down and merely went home with the conviction that 
statements against the Jews would not find the expected appreciation from the 
authorities and moreover, would be very dangerous. . . 

The good will of some duty-conscious Konitz officials, who also once wanted to 
subject Jewry to a closer inspection, was markedly dampened after these bad 
experiences, and finally waned entirely. However, some brave German men, like 
the anti-Semitic Reichstag Deputy Liebermann von Sonnenberg, mentioned in 
the beginning, still remained, who possessed the courage to bring up the Konitz 
blood-murder, even in the Reichtag (which should not be forgotten about him (9)) ~ 
though without result ~ and that (to be sure) still small segment of the press which 
had not lost its sober reasoning and its German qualities. 

An extremely noteworthy article appeared there in Germania of 6 June 1900 (Nr. 
127), which came into print and consequently a universal Jewish howling {Berliner 
Tageblatt) ensued. Its text should be given, with omission of the inessential 
passages. (319) ~ The Germania wrote: "Soon a quarter-year will have elapsed 
since the trunk of the murdered Winter was discovered in the Monchsee [Monk 
Lake], and the murderer has still not been found, and it has the well-justified 
appearance, as if he won't be found, too. The present highly unusual 
circumstances give us reason to subject the story of the murder to a closer 
examination. The fear and the worry for the life of our children presses the pen 

into our hands. We well know that the state cannot stop murders, but we also know 
that it has the duty to seek out and to punish murderers and to thereby 
preventively protect the life of its subjects, also the life of Christian children. After 
the present outcome in Skurz and Xanten and after the result presumably expected 
today in Konitz, can we still have confidence that murders of Christian children 
will be punished and atoned for? From the very start, the investigation has taken an 
extremely remarkable course; After everything which has been known about it up 
till now and which has been reported in the press under the explicit adducing of the 
facts of the case which today remain uncontested, the proceedings of the 
investigation show a remarkable disinclination toward [taking] energetic steps, as 
soon as these steps lead to the Jews." ~ And further: "Conspicuous, the treatment 
of all persons who have made statements which incriminated the Jews; 
conspicuous, the denunciations or attempted damage to all who unselfishly 
sought to contribute to the solution [of the crime] at official summons; conspicuous 
the kind treatment of the gravely incriminated Jews; (320) conspicuous the 
obligingness toward foreign emissaries, who, in the interest of the accused 
Jews are seeking to give another twist to the case. Now the case has taken the 
turn that the universally respected Christian butcher Hoffman is charged with the 
murder by the assumption of absurd motives. Conspicuous are the even more 
energetic proceedings against Hoffmann, and conspicuous the thoroughness of the 
house search carried out at his [place], conspicuous the energy and perseverance 
with which Hoffmann and his daughter were interrogated. Were the incriminated 
Jews and Jewish daughters also taken hold of in that way?" "The riots which 
occurred are, first and foremost, to be laid to the account of the Jews ~ the 
Schlochau Jews called Winter's burial an "animal show" ~, in the second place, to 
be laid to the account of the police. Now an effort was made in Konitz to uncover 
an anti-Semitic agitation. If the latter, which of course is not illegal, is present, then 
Jews and the police are its promoters, who are unable to recognize the fruits of 
their activity, and wish to push off responsibility for it onto others. We have tried 
here to openly and clearly show the situation; the result of the entire case is, up to 
now, unfortunately, objectively an undermining in the people of the 
consciousness of Law and the security of the Law, just as of the belief in the 
impartiality of Justice! Let them not allow themselves to hope that the case can 
die away, that the people of Konitz will be satisfied with a settlement on the order 
of Skurz. Murder must be atoned for. And if the government of the State puts any 
value in gaining the trust of the populace again, then it's necessary that it is taken 
out of the hands of the persons entrusted up till now with the investigation, all of 
them together, above all the Berlin Commissars. . ." 

The Deutsche Volksblatt appearing in Munich described, in an article of 17 June 
1900, "The great Death in Konitz," the situation in Konitz in detail and the burial 
of the victim, and then said in conclusion: "In Konitz a battalion of soldiers has 
entered which will put to rest the 'damned hick town' with rifle butts and bayonets. 
Let peace prevail! The peace of the cemetary! ~ Who, now, is the great Dead One 
in Konitz? Is it Winter? (321) No, not he. The other one, a much greater one, whom 
they have buried there: It is the faith of the people in Right and Law." 

The Liberie, the leading paper of the French-speaking part of Switzerland, wrote at 
the beginning of January 1901: "The infamous murder of Konitz is still not atoned 
for. If it remains without atonement, so will the belief of the German people in the 

Hebraic blood-ritual be strengthened in the same measure as the trust in justice 

is diminished. . ." 

And Theodor Fritsch made this judgement in 191 1 in the Hammer (10) : "The 
murder has remained unsolved up until the present day. . .The events at the trial 
were of such an unusual kind, that one must say: the authorities have plainly 
made desperate efforts, in order not to find the guilty parties." 

In September 1901 the proceedings against the Levys were stayed; in June 1902 
the complaint of the father of Winter was finally rejected by the 
Oberlandesgericht [upper regional court] of Marienwerder "and thereby also the 
blood accusation against the Jews" (Judisches Lexicon III [Jewish Lexicon HI]), 
and in October 1903, in conclusion, Moritz Levy, arrested in the Speisiger trial 
on account of intentional perjury and sentenced in 1901 to four years incarceration, 
was "pardoned"! The Jewish dictionary (///, 842/843) finally notes: "The truth 
about the murdering of Winter has, despite a reward of 20,000 Marks offered by 
the state attorney's office, remained unsolved. As a result of the arousal of the anti- 
Semitic mood in Konitz in connection with this murder case, many Jews 
abandoned the city." ~ That is correct, for up till the year 1903, not fewer than 130 
Jews emigrated from Konitz. . . 

But a Jewess had better knowledge of the fate of Winter (322) than those "in 
charge of" the "Konitz case": Under the headline "Ritual murder solved after 38 
years," the Dresden Freiheitskampf [Freedom Struggle] reported in its Nr. 349 
issue of 1938: "Dirschau, 18 December 1938. ~ The murder of the high school 
student Ernst Winter in Konitz, which aroused enormous excitement and set loose 
a wave of outrage in Germany and in the entire world around the turn of the 
century due to the mysterious circumstances which accompanied the crime, has 
now, after 38 years, been surprisingly cleared up. At the clearing out of the ground 
level of a house which was in Jewish possession since 1900, the letter of an 
accessory to the crime was discovered, from which it emerges without a doubt that 
Ernst Winter fell victim to a Jewish ritual-murder." ~ The Jew Hartwig had 
bought this property in Konitz around the turn of the century. The letter, which 
was found by a fortunate accident when the ground floor of the house was being 
cleared out, reads: " Ernst Winter has been sacrificed in Konitz, and woe unto 
Israel, three times woe, if it does not abandon the blood-sacrifice. We will remain 
pariahs as long as it remains. It is indeed murder!. . .A Jewess and accessory, but 
an unhappy one. M 1900." 

In 1884, Skurz, 1891, Xanten, 1898 and 1899: Polna, 1900, Konitz - five ritual- 
murders on German soil, five thriving human lives, among them two children, 
made to bleed to death under the hands of Jewish ritual-slaughterers, five ritual- 
murders remained unrequited, for one cannot, of course, feel that even the 
comfortable imprisonment of a Hilsner was an atonement. But what remained 
unatoned for, that could, in the end, be taken as permitted and was allowed to 
be repeated! 

Or is it supposed to be only an accident that, after the Jewish 'successes' in Skurz 
and Xanten, three ritual-murders occurred within three years? 

We have reached the conviction that all these blood-murders took place according 

to entirely definite instructions from a secret Jewish headquarters, at the 
highest level! From Polna the threads run across Prague to Vienna, from Konitz, 
as a result of its particular location, directly toward Poland ~ to the ghetto of this 
infernal pestilence! It cannot be subject to any doubt at all, that the limping and 
smallpox- scarred Jewish monster of the Polna (323) trial is one and the same 
person with the limping, ape-like Jew, who was conspicuous in Konitz as much 
because of his especial ugliness as because of the deference of honor shown to him. 
This Jew, whom the tailor Josef Strnad from Polna described very graphically in 
his recorded witness statement (ll) : ". . .at once I noticed a strange Jew was 
approaching us on the street, and when I was able to recognize his face, I stepped 
toward Cink and said: 'he has a face like an ape'. . . This Jew had a longer, light- 
colored coat, black hat and dark pants. In stature he was rather tall, his face had a 
dark expression, his black full beard was of middle length, he dragged his right foot 
behind him. . ." is a high Jewish religious official who was the contact man! Had 
the authorities in Polna or Konitz quickly seized their opportunity, then this 
reptile, who made certain of the proper performance of, and provided support for, 
respectively, the ritual slaughtering of the victim, could have been arrested on the 
spot and delivered up to closer examination, and they would have been able to find 
the key to the mystery! 

But of course we have gotten to know the system of public regulations ~ for here, 
too, it's a matter of a system, of a plan inspired even down to its details! Let us 
think only of Skurz and Konitz: At the scene of the crime appears, after much 
precious time has gone by, a police official from Berlin, who takes away the steps 
of the investigation from the local authorities. The constitutional authorities, as 
state's attorney, court, and regional police, have a further function, to be sure: but 
actually, the whole center of gravity of the investigation shifts and arrives at the 
hands of the Berlin Commissars. Skurz had its Hoft and Konitz its Wehn and 
Braun. Regarded objectively and factually, the activity of these gentlemen, 
particularly in the all-important time after the discovery of the body parts was first 
made, represents a protective wall, behind which the Jewish murderers and their 
assistants found time and the possibility of concealing the tracks of their 
culpability! And Polna as well! On his own initiative, the chief of the guards Josef 
Klenovec arrested the murderer Hilsner ~ (324) but the Jew Reichenbach, set 
Hilsner, his racial comrade, at liberty once again. . . 

In Skurz and Konitz German butchers were accused of the horrific crime and 
placed in custody under unbelievable circumstances. In Skurz, the butcher 
Behrendt, who was not well off financially, sat in investigative custody innocent 
for a full year and was economically ruined thereby, the butcher Hoffmann, 
together with his daughter, was subjected to a shameful interrogation and was 
supposed to be at least injured socially ~ but the opposite happened! The Jew, on 
the other hand, as member of the ruling caste and protected by it, remained 

In old Rome, the philosopher Seneca lamented: "The customs of this most vile 
people have already become so strong, that they have spread themselves in all 
nations; the conquered have impressed their laws upon the conquerors "(12)^ 

The same thing was repeated in the 20th century after Christ: the Aryan man had 

become a sacrificial animal! 

Yet hopeful beginnings of a reaction were already manifesting themselves. We 
recall the bold speech of the attorney Dr. Baxa in the Polna trial, which for the first 
time sought out the motives of the terrible crime. Even before the judicial 
investigative proceedings, the populace spontaneously boycotted Jewish 
businesses. But Konitz had a decisive effect, for the arousal of the people had 
reached its zenith. Is is not to be understood as a warning, when the then Jewish- 
edited Dresdener Neuesten Nachrichten [Dresden Most Up-to-date News^ on 13 
November 1900 wrote: "... the presence of the military, however, held in check 
the tendency (!) to riot; on the other hand, in place of the noisy excitement (!) a 
quiet but for all that not less intensive frustration has entered the picture; it is still 
fermenting with utter forceftilness in the country, as all who know West Prussian 
attitudes confirm." But the Reichstag Deputy Liebermann von Sonnenberg 
became the advocate for the German cause. In December 1900, he wrote: "The 
conscience of the German people is not permitted to find peace!" (325) On 7 
February 1901, he broached the subject of the Konitz blood-murder in the 
Reichstag(13). The ''Vereinigung zur Aufkldrung des Konitzer Mordes'' (14) 
[Union for the Solution of the Konitz Murder] was created in Konitz by German 
city councillors, pastors. Landtag and Reichstag deputies, and the first practical 
measure, the "Self-help for the protection of our children," was propagated strictly 
within the bounds of the law. Occasionally there were stirrings in the German 
press, too: The articles of the Germania and of the Deutsches Volksblatt were 
already cited. 

In the year 1902, the gang of Jews fell upon the Staatsburgerzeitung [Citizen 
Times]; its publisher Bruhn and the editor Bottger were sentenced to 
imprisonment due to "offensive articles" which appeared in connection with the 
"Winter murder case" ~ but both nonetheless entered the Reichstag in 1903 and 
worked against Jewish interests. 

Willi Buch, in his notes which have already been cited above, gives the following 
vivid picture out of the times around the turn of the century: "The ritual-murder of 
Konitz had caused fierce reactions. . .The anti-Semitic movement had become a 
genuine people's movement, with all its merits and weaknesses. The Jewish 
Question was the subject of conversations and kept emotions stirred up. There was 
no meeting which wasn't filled up, even to the last seat. . .Things were very lively, 
for the most part, due to the almost never absent opponents. . ." And in another 
passage: "It is very much typical that there was no reform movement since around 
1900, which didn't have some sort of relationship to anti-Semitism." -It was the 
time when Edouard Drumont's Verjudetes Frankreich [Judaized France] appeared 
in the 142nd edition, after the attempt was made in vain to remove the author in a 
duel, and Henri Desportes published his Geheimnis des Blutes bei den Juden aller 
Zeiten [Mystery of the Blood of the Jews in all Times] in Paris! (326) 

There were always incidents which were suited for shaking the feeling of an 
absolute certainty of the Jewish control: Judah became more cautious on German 
soil ~ which did not mean, however, that it renounced the further carrying out of 
the slaughtering of human beings! For, that among the disproportionately large 
number of inhabitants designated as "missing" every year, victims of such a crime 

also could be found, is not out of the question for anyone who has recognized this 
Jewish fanaticism as historic fact (15) . 

Thus the Hammer of Theodor Fritsch reported, under the headlines: "Puzzling 
Murders and Disappearances of Persons" over and over again about the cases 
whose solution and further pursuit never was undertaken. From the notes of the 
Hammer, we shall select only those which at least allow the strong suspicion of a 
ritual crime to arise. 

1910 On December 29, Helene Brix, who was in service with the Jewish riding 
equipment proprietor Salomons in Nassenheide near Stettin, vanished without a 
trace on the day before the final day of her service there. On 22 January 1913, 
therefore only after more than three years, her mutilated corpse was discovered in 
the bog at the Neuendorfer Lake. Head and arms of the body were missing; the 
father of the girl, who recognized the body as that of his daughter after the 
examination, (327) asserted that the underclothes were missing, although the 
parents still knew with certainty that their daughter had been wearing them. 
Subsequently, the circumstance was recalled that on the day after the disappearance 
of his daughter, the father Brix wanted to arrange a search with a police dog, but 
was prevented since Salomons assured him that a telegram had arrived according 
to which Helene was in Altdamm. This statement, whose verification demanded 
much precious time, subsequently proved to be untrue. Salomons sold his business 
soon after this event and went to ground in Berlin (16) . 

1911 The farmer's daughter Olga Hagel from Radolin was a servant of the Jewish 
factory owner Hirsekorn in Schonlanke. At the beginning of September of this 
year, she visited her parents and complained in bitter words about the behavior of 
the Jew toward her. She asked her mother to have her taken away again from this 
position. Her mother thought it proper that her daughter at least hold out until the 
end of the year; with this answer, the girl returned ~ a few days later she 
"vanished" without her parents being informed! On 8 September the Jew finally 
brought himself to inform the police; on 12 September the body of the servant girl 
was pulled by an owner out of the Breitensteiner Lake, lying 18 kilometers distant. 
Her skirts were rolled over her head, on the left temple a finger-long wound gaped. 
The forensic autopsy took place only on the seventh day after the discovery of the 
body. The body contained not one drop of blood, the medical expert opinion 
found in the negative for suicide. Nevertheless, the state attorney's office of 
Schneidemiihl presumed ~ despite the finger-long wound ~ despite the skirts 
rolled up and despite the body being empty of blood ~ suicide and did not pursue 
the "matter" further. 

1912 On the first day of Pentecost, early, at three-thirty in (328) Posen in front of 
the door of the house at 3/4 SchulstraBe, the body of the sixteen-year-old 
merchant's apprentice Stanislaus Musial was discovered. The skull was smashed. 
The left temple had been drilled through by several knife piercings, both wrists 
were cut through on the inner side, and one hand was almost completely severed. 
The body was empty of blood and washed off with extreme care. Also, the clothes 
showed only insignificant traces of blood. It was further determined that the 
murdered youth had been slaughtered in an unclothed condition, then carelessly 
dressed and set down in the place of discovery. Musial had had a position with the 

ready-made clothing Jew Max Hirsch in Posen. The Posen Jewish paper, the 
Posener Neuesten Nachrichten filed the following scandalous report about his 
disappearance: That the young apprentice had received over 500 Marks from his 
master on the day before Pentecost, in order to make a payment. That Musial had 
presumably (!) had a good time with the money and had then fallen into the hands 
of a prostitute and had been slaughtered with the help of a pimp! ~ Only a Jewish 
hack could actually spatter out that sort of garbage! The inquiries immediately 
initiated showed that the murdered youth had not received a penny from his 
superior, the Jew Hirsch, but on the contrary merely got handed a letter with the 
instructions to bring it to Wilda, a suburb of Posen. After our experiences to this 
point, we are hardly allowed to go wrong with the assumption that the victim was 
sent into a prepared trap in the observance of his task! In fact, in connection with 
this, the Jewish couple Szafranski was gravely accused and taken into 
investigative custody. The prosecution soon released the couple again, however, 
since "the investigation has yielded nothing incriminating." 

The non- Jewish populace, after decades-long experiences, had their own opinions 
about this, in that they proceeded to the most effective means of struggle, the 
boycott of Jewish businesses. This latent anti-Semitism had, in the (329) course of 
two generations, continually received new impetus due to a whole chain of 
extremely suspicious murder cases which remained unsolved, so that the Jewish 
segment of the population in the province of Posen gradually diminished from the 
year 1835 until approximately 1912 from 54 to 15 per thousand (17) . 

1913 On January 27, in PreuBisch-HoUand, a stranger lured the five-year-old boy 
Walter Schikowski to so-called Lindenberg; toward six o'clock in the evening an 
accountant in Weeskenhof on the Crossener road found the unconscious child, 
nearly frozen from the cold, in the gutter with serious wounds, and brought him 
immediately to the doctor. Having regained consciousness, the little boy told that a 
strange man had first uncovered his upper body, then, when he got set to defend 
himself, he was thrown to the ground and stabbed with a knife. From then on, the 
child knew nothing more. His neck and lower body showed several wounds from 
cuts. All signs indicated that blood had been removed from the victim. The 
investigations of the authorities petered out. 

1913 On 31 March (!), at the fair at Lobsens (Wirsitz district), an approximately 
45 -year-old Jewish dealer lured a six-year-old girl, Agnes Kador, to himself and 
vanished with her. On 22 April the body, emptied of blood, with the neck cut 

through, was found in the meadows near Lobsens. The populace which was 
present, in the state of greatest excitement, spoke openly of a new blood-murder. 
On the day of the kidnapping, numerous foreign, mostly Polish- speaking Jews had 
been noticed in the near vicinity of the place. The newspapers were cautious in 
their suggestions, any traces for the presumption of a crime were lacking. . .They 
explained that there could be no question of a blood-murder, since no serious 
wounds had been found on the body (in spite of the cut neck!). The authorities took 
no steps to clear up the incident. The first public announcement of the state 
attorney's office of (330) Schneidemiihl concerning the disappearance of the child 
first ensued fourteen days after the incident (18) . A "letter to the editor" relating to 
the Lobsens case {Hammer, Nr. 264, page 335) told that at the beginning of the 
eighties, on the Stubbenwiese at Ascherbude on the Ostbahn, between Filehne and 

Schoenlanke, the shepherd girl of the forester Bohne was found lying on her belly 
with her neck cut through and completely emptied of blood. Then, a poacher 
was wrongly accused of the terrible crime. 

In the first half of the year 1913, the Hanover newspapers alone brought up perhaps 
a dozen ominous reports of the disappearance without a trace of youths and 
children; with that, these "cases" were done with: "One hears and reads no more of 
it. . .It seems to be a matter here, too, of events about which the public needs to 
know as little as possible. One asks oneself: Where is the state attorney's office? 
One almost never hears of the punishment for such bloody acts or of further 
solutions of the occurrences. Is there not something rotten in the State?" (19) 

In the first half of April (!) 1913 the servant Luise Schmidt of Hanover, the boy 
WaBmann of Elze (Hildesheim) and the worker Julius Schiefelbein of Niederfinow 
disappeared. The body of the latter was recovered in the Finow Canal at 
Eberswalde. The medical examination determined that there were not less than 
fifteen knife cuts. The affair became all the more mysterious when four masked 
men made an attempt to steal the body of Schiefelbein, in order, perhaps, to 
remove the traces of the crime. Also in this case nothing became known about the 
further results of the investigation! 

Furthermore, on the first day of the Pentecost holiday 1913 in Berlin, the 
dismembered body of the twelve-and-a-half-year-old boy Klahn was discovered. 
The servant Josef Ritter, who had been in service with the Jew Guttmann, had 
made himself suspected of the crime. It was striking that also this crime, like that 
(331) which happened to the apprentice Musial, occurred in the night of the first 
day of the Pentecost holiday! 

In the morning of 14 July 1913, in Ludwigshafen, on the ground located behind 
the hospital, a sack with the dismembered corpse of a girl was discovered. The 
head was separated from the trunk, the legs from the body; the body itself was 
totally cut up, so that heart, lungs and liver were visible. The parts of the body had 
been skillfully cut apart, so that it had the appearance as if an operating surgeon 
had been at work. The victim had to have been dismembered in a closed space. 
Traces of blood were totally absent. The murder victim was later identified as the 
twelve-year-old Elma Kelchner from Ludwigshafen. 

These few cases allow us to recognize sufficiently that up until the most recent 
times sinister powers were at work, which could make bold to still demand, as 
before, a blood-toll from non- Jewish humanity without they themselves ever 
having been called to account. Jewry had so far "emancipated" itself, that it placed 
itself outside of valid law by virtue of its own secret laws and in this officially 
recognized exceptional position understood how to evade the workings of universal 
law; consciousness of law and State were thereby certainly afflicted in their vital 

But once all accompanying circumstances were so positioned that the Jewish 
murder pestilence absolutely had to be understood in order to avoid people taking 
steps for self-help, then all those machinations repeated themselves in concentrated 
form, as we have gotten to know them in the preceding ritual-murder trials. 

On Russian soil a drama unrolled for the last time before the outbreak of the World 
War, which, as a bloody, fateful sign still in the final hour, had been able to open 
the eyes of the statesmen responsible for its people to a enormous threatening peril; 
they wanted to or were allowed to see nothing ~ and thereby delivered themselves 
up even to the Jewish ritual-slaughterers! 

Go to Chapter 9: Kiev 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Kiev 1911 

Page 1 

(p. 335) 

Andrei Yustschinsky 

On 20 March (!) 1911 the body of a boy was found on the border of the urban area 
of Kiev in a clay pit. It was found in a half-sitting position, the hands were tied 
together upon the back with a cord. The body was dressed merely with a shirt, 
underpants, and a single stocking. Behind the head, in a depression in the earthen 
wall, which according to the record of the then Kiev attorney and high school 
teacher Gregor Schwartz-Bostunitsch was inscribed with mystical signs, were 
found five rolled-together school exercise books which bore the name "property of 
the student of the fore-class, Andrei Yustschinsky, Sophia School"; because of 
this, the identification was made very shortly. It turned out to be the thirteen-year- 
old son of the middle-class woman Alexandra Prichodko of Kiev. 

The Kievskaya My si (Kiev Thought) gave the following report at the time about the 
discovery of the body: "When the body of the unfortunate boy was carried out of 
the pit, the crowd shuddered, and sobbing could be heard. The aspect of the slain 
victim was terrible. His face was dark blue and covered with blood, and a several 
windings of a strong cord, which cut into the skin, were wrapped around the arms. 
There were three wounds on the head, which all came from some kind of piercing 
tool. The same wounds were also on the face and on both sides of the neck. When 
the boy's shirt was lifted up, the chest, back, and abdomen showed the same 
piercing wounds. There were two stab wounds in the region of the heart, three on 
the body and several on the sides. The entire body showed approximately twenty 
wounds. All of the wounds were apparently inflicted upon the naked body, since 
the shirt showed no tears. The exposure of these wounds excited the greatest 
outrage among the crowd." 

The forensic medical autopsy found 47 piercing and cutting (336) wounds; the 
wounds on the head, left temple (1} and neck had produced the fatal 
exsanguination; the loss of blood had been so considerable that the body was close 
to being empty of blood. 

The physicians rendering their expert opinions, the University professor, lecturer 

for forensic Medicine, Obolonski and the prosector at the same professorship, 
Tufanov, reached the following conclusions: 

1. All of the wounds found on the body of Yustschinsky were produced while he 
was aHve. Of these wounds, those on the head and neck were inflicted during full 
cardiac activity, while all other wounds were inflicted while cardiac activity was 
considerably reduced. 

2. Likewise, the hands of the boy were bound and the mouth kept closed while he 
was living. 

3. While these wounds were being inflicted upon him, he was in a vertical (that is, 
standing) position, with somewhat of an inclination toward the left. 

4. A stabbing or piercing object served as the instrument which made the wounds. 
A portion of the wounds were executed by means of an instrument in the form of 
an awl or of a stiletto of flat, rectangular shape with an edge of two sides sharpened 
like a chisel. All other wounds could also have been produced by the same 
instrument. The first piercing wounds were inflicted upon the boy in the head and 
neck, and the final ones were inflicted in the heart. With one of the heart-stabs, the 
blade penetrated the body up to the grip, which left behind an impression on the 

5. There had to have been several persons who participated in this crime. 

6. The type of the instrument and the multiplicity of the wounds suggest that one of 
the goals of the murderers was to cause as much agonizing pain to Yustschinsky 
as possible. (337) 

7. There was not more than 1/3 of the entire amount of blood which remained in 
the body itself; the greatest portion of the blood escaped through the veins of the 
brain, the arteries at the left temple, and the neck veins. 

8. The absence of traces of blood in the ditch where the body was discovered, its 
situation at the place of discovery, and other circumstances suggest that 
Yustschinsky was slain at another location and only afterwards dragged into the 
pit in a condition of rigor mortis and leaned up against its wall, and that therefore 
the place of discovery is not the scene of the crime. ~ (We are reminded of 
Xanten, Skurz, Konitz, etc.) 

Based upon these determinations, another expert, the psychiatrist Professor 
Sikorski, distinguished three peculiarities which preceded the murder: the gradual 
withdrawal of blood, the causing of special torments, and last of all the murder 
by a stab to the heart. The latter followed after the victim had served [his purpose] 
for the first two goals (withdrawal of blood, as an object for torturing) and 
when the nearness of death was recognized by the murderers. ~ By the 
circumstance that all wounds were cold-bloodedly produced by a sure and calm 
hand, by a hand which was accustomed to the slaughtering of animals. Professor 
Sikorski saw in the technique of this murder an indication that 

the possibility of such an exact, emotionless and unhurried work was secured 
for the murderers in corresponding manner, and he came to the conclusion that 
the slaying of Yustschinsky represented an act which was carefully prepared 
and which was carried out according to plan under cautious supervision! 

The murder excited the public attention of all of Russia ~ all the more, when 
similar events were known from the past, which showed a striking conformity with 
the existing case. 

On 13 May 1911, the Russian Duma was forced to occupy itself with an 
interpellation which concerned this murder of a boy and which contained the 
question as to whether the existence of a 'sect' which employed human blood was 
known to the government, and what it (338) was considering doing to suppress this 
'sect.' The interpellations had enclosed a detailed autopsy report in the matter of 
the murder of the boy Emelyanov which occurred in 1893, from which it clearly 
emerged that this victim had been murdered according to every rule of ritual- 
slaughter. ~ The reply of the Duma has not become known. At the last Russian 
trial concerning the attempted murder of the boy Vinzens Grudsinskoi, which had 
been committed on the night of 2 March (!) 1900, the Ministry of Justice had 
ordained that questions of ritual-murder were not to be raised! The people, in any 
case, were convinced that this most recent murder was also a link in the chain of 
crimes which were all carried out according to a definite system and for a 
particular purpose. 

The Murderers 

Mendel Beilis 

Immediately after announcement of 
the crime, the Jewish press displayed 
an extremely suspicious activity; the 
Kiev Jewish paper Kievskaya My si 
never grew tired of continually 
labeling for the court new, naturally 
non- Jewish persons as the indubitable 
murderers. In fact, they managed, 
merely on the basis of information 
from a press-Jew, to accuse the 
mother of the murdered boy of the 
gruesome crime and to put her under 
lock and key ~ she was not allowed to 
take part even in the burial of her 
child! We are reminded by this of the 
entirely similar kind of events in 
Polna! ~ After some time the 
tormented mother was again set free, 
since not the slightest suspicion for her guilt had resulted. Then again, suspicion 
was directed upon the step-father, who was supposed to have committed the 
murder in order to free himself from his obligation to support [the child], and then, 
finally, upon other relatives of the murdered boy. This all happened at the 
instigation of the press-Jew Borchevsky, who had a compliant instrument in the 
corrupted police chief Mischtschuk. As then later emerged from the speech of the 
prosecutor, "Mischtschuk had been ordered to believe, and he did believe; he 
believed that the mother (339) inflicted 47 stab wounds on her child and got rid of 
him in a sack(2). . . 

The inquiries were not made there, ~ which would have been necessary ~ at the 
place where the corpse had been discovered, but on the contrary, at a distance of a 
mile away from it! Mischtschuk was publicly accused of corruption ~ he stepped 

down! As official of the investigation "a new power" appeared "from outside" ~ 
the method is sufficiently familiar [to us] ! ~ the Commissar Kunzevitch; he 
preferred to stay in the Grand hotel of Kiev and to place his name merely among 
press reports. He too was bought! Then the "secret policeman" Krazovski entered 
the picture, "an able person, who not only was capable of exposing the crime, but 
also certainly did actually expose it, yet found advantage for himself in keeping 
to himself his knowledge of the decisive pieces [of evidence] "(3). . .With that, 
judgement is expressed concerning these kind of 'investigations,' which merely 
pursued the goal, in alliance with the Jewish press, of drawing away from the 
tracks of the actual murderers, of gaining time and hopelessly confusing the entire 
affair, so that even non- Jewish newspapers finally produced completely distorted 

But they had not reckoned with the youth of Kiev, "who, stirred within by the 
crime, held it to be his duty to help with the solution of the case. I am proud to 
name Golubov. He distinguished himself from the other parties by the fact that he 
really honorably, unselfishly dedicated himself to the mission, and had to put up 
with the mockery and the laughter, indeed, the danger to his life from the Jews. 

The student Golubov, named in the speech of the prosecutor, acquired great merit 
in throwing light upon the crime by taking on the investigation of the case on his 
own initiative, and had discovered important facts. As a result, however, he 
exposed himself to the concentrated attacks of Jewish rats as an unintended 
recognition of his activity, an (340) activity which, to be sure, did not move along 
in the paths of the professional officials of the investigation prescribed by Jewry. 

On the edge of the city of Kiev was located the brickyard of the Jew Zaitsev, with 
the clay quarry belonging to it. A Jewish hospital, whose dining hall had been 
converted into a 'prayer room' by getting around legal restrictions, was later erected 
on the property in 1910. Frequently rabbis were observed there, the whole place ~ 
as the "religious center" of the Jews of Kiev ~ was enveloped with a mystery, 
according to the words of the prosecutor. The Jew Mendel Beilis had been 
appointed as "guard and attendant." The inhabitants of the territory around the 
brickyard could be counted on the fingers; only two non- Jews lived at some 
distance from the kiln; in its vicinity lived a circle of seven Jewish families. 

Although the property could have been cordoned off and searched very easily 
without a large police team immediately after the discovery of the body in the clay 
pit, nothing of the sort happened. It was striking that on the day of the murder, the 
12th of March, no work was performed in the brickyard. The property there was 
deserted. Work was taken up again just afterwards. The inner walls of a shed of the 
brickyard were suddenly given a new coat of whitewash. . . 

The people knew for a long time where the murderers were to be found ~ in spite 
of the tactics of confusion of the Jewish press. Quite striking, if not to say 
incriminating, was the behavior of the baptized Jew Breitmann, the publisher of 
the Jewish paper Poslyednich novostyey, which sought to divert the ever thickening 
suspicion from the brickyard, to gypsies who were travelling nearby. In his nervous 
activity, one mistake slipped by him: he accused the gypsies of the blood- 

superstition! The populace had a sharp ear and asked ironically ~ according to the 
words of the prosecutor ~ "How can you believe in the use of blood by the Jews, 
while a former Jew points at the gypsies, among whom a blood-superstition is 
supposed to exist? Let one note: no Russian is pointing at them, but a baptized 

In July 1911 four months after the crime, the investigation official Krasovski now 
also casually got into the brickyard (341) of Zaitsev, spoke with the manager and 
held some sort of superficial search, only to appease public opinion or to warn the 
Jews. He also visited Mendel Beilis, at whose place he found nothing at all 
suspicious, however. 

Now the local gendarmerie — just as in the Polna case ~ acted on their own 
initiative. On 22 July, (older calendar) [Note: The use of the Julian calendar 
persisted in some European countries for some time after the Gregorian calendar 
had been generally accepted and in use by most of the rest of the continent.] Beilis 
was arrested. Russian sources wrote the following: "The excitement of the 
populace of Kiev due to the mysterious slaying of the boy Yustschinsky is 
growing ever greater in extent, all the more, when it turned out that the judicial 
authorities had to release the relatives of the murdered boy from investigative 
custody again, who had been accused of being the actual murderers by several 
Jews, because not the slightest suspicion of guilt could be brought against them. On 
the contrary, they proceeded to the arrest of the Jew Beilis. . .The Jew Beilis 
received, shortly before the discovery of the murder, the visit of numerous 
Austrian(5) Jews. The points of suspicion against the Jews are so extraordinarily 
weighty, and the entire Christian press of Kiev and Petersburg, as of other large 
cities, urges that in this case complete clarity be procured, so that finally it can be 
absolutely determined whether there are really sects among the Jews which commit 
acts of murder from religious reasons. . ." Krasovski, who had for a long time 
complete and exact information about everything, now feared losing his criminalist 
laurels ~ possibly he only wanted to extort larger sums from his Jewish wire- 
pullers ~ and unexpectedly gave the explanation that the murder of the boy had 
occurred neither at the place where the body was found, nor in the presence of his 
accused mother, but that the boy probably had been dragged away onto the broken 
clay by the attendant Mendel Beilis! Actually, the Jews concluded a financial 
arrangement with Krasovski, the typically corrupt Tsar's official, after the arrest of 
Beilis. . ."They had not believed it possible that matters would be taken so far 
against them! I do not deny, the legal position of the Jews is a difficult one, their 
destiny (342) is to a certain extent a tragic one, yet we are all under the influence 
of Jewish ideas, of Jewish money, of the Jewish press. The press, ostensibly 
Russian, became the booty of the Jews. Any sort of steps [taken] against the Jews 
evokes the invectives: 'reactionary,' 'enemy of progress' ! The Jews are judicially 
without rights, but in reality they have all of Russia in their hands. The promise 
has come into its fulfillment. We all feel that we are under the yoke of all- 
powerful Jewry. We may be called enemies of progress and obstructionists, but we 
cannot close our eyes to the corpse of Yustschinsky! The Jews accuse us of 
inciting the people against them; but that they themselves want to keep the peace! 
They know that Beilis is guilty, and because of that they seek to confuse the case, 
to put it on a false track. "(6) ~ At Beilis's, notes were found which, among others, 
listed a Faivel Schneerson. Therewith surfaces behind the accused the fearful 

shape of the 'Zaddik': ("Saint") of the Hassidim, who is to be seen as spiritus rector 
[guiding spirit] also of this blood-murder! Schneerson out of Lubovitschy, "at 
whose name the accused Beilis constantly becomes uneasy and wipes the sweat 
from his brow, while his defense counsel also immediately display an increased 
activity" (7), comes from an old Hassidic family in Russia, from which come 
several schdchter [ritual-slaughterers] and murderers; the 'Zaddik' is the 
''Ubermensch [super-man] of Hassidism, who occupies almost the same position as 
Jesus Christ in Christianity," is "sanctified from his mother's womb," i.e., the 
secret of the ritual-slaughter is passed down from father to son(8). "He crawls 
out of his mother's womb as completed 'Zaddik'" (Bogrow). 

(343) According to the information of Theodor Fritsch, a Salomon Schneerson 
was condemned to death in 1797 due to a blood-murder proven in all details, 
brought in chains to Petersburg, but here freed thanks to his influential tribal 
comrade Petretz. A grandson of Salomon Schneerson, Mendel Schneerson, was 
involved in a blood-murder trial in 1852 in Saratov. In December 1852, the boy 
Chestobitov, and in January 1853 likewise a youth, Masslov, both from the 
poorest classes of Russia, had been kidnapped in the government capital city of 
Saratov. Their bodies, with countless wounds, were later washed up on the banks 
of the Volga; both showed signs of circumcision. After proceedings had been 
tried, the trial had to be postponed for years, just in 1860 ~ therefore after eight 
years (respectively, seven years), of four strongly incriminated Jews, among them 
Mendel Schneerson, three were supposed to be sent into exile to Siberia, from 
which their allegedly poor condition of health was spared, however. According to 
information in the Jewish Lexicon, the Alliance Israelite Universelle intervened 
with the Russian envoy in Paris in favor of the "unjustly condemned Jews "(9). The 
chief accused left prison already in 1867 at the instigation of the all too well known 
Cremieux, the specialist for that kind of trial, since merely "superstitious motives" 
were accepted! A son of this Mendel, Shalom-Bahr, was held to be a Hassidic 
'prophet' to whom the Jews made pilgrimages, his brother Bunya filled the office 
of ritual-slaughterer. His nephew, finally, was that Faivel who, as was proven, 
stayed with Mendel Beilis, then mysteriously disappeared, but immediately 
surfaced again when the danger seemed eliminated for himself personally ~ in 
order to present himself as a witness! "One (344) is allowed to assume that he 
knew more of the murder than all of those who escaped with their lives know in 
totality. But it is pure irony to question the man as a witness in this trial, instead 
of placing charges against him. His statements will most certainly not betray 
anything," wrote Theodor Fritsch in 1913 in the Hammer (lO) . 

". . .Like all those witnesses who escaped with their lives" ~ what does this mean? 

We prod our memory, so poor in such matters, and find that in the Trent trial in the 
year 1475, poison played a large role, and then, for example, in the great Hilsner 
trial in Kuttenberg in Bohemia (1899) a witness (Marie Pernicek), who had given 
very essential evidence under oath to the protocol, perished a short time later under 
the most tortured symptoms of having been poisoned and thus had been rendered 
'harmless' forever! 

In Kiev these things were repeated, only with the difference that international 
Jewish criminality went to work still more thoroughly. 

Next, a tribal comrade was gathered to his patriarchs ~ a not entirely rare 
phenomenon (Moses Abu-el- Afieh, Damascus; Samuel Rosenthal from Kamin), 
how interesting and rewarding a task it would be for a criminalist to collect all 
those cases for once, in which Jews who were held to be not completely 'reliable,' 
were 'liquidated' by other Jews for reasons of caution! ~ The old Jew Tartakovski, 
living as a sub-tenant with other Jews in the vicinity of the brickyard, is supposed 
to have loved Andrusha very much ~ possibly (certain later statements indicate 
this) he warned the child, when the schdchter Schneerson was staying with Mendel 
Beilis, which Tartakovski believed must be a sign of impending disaster; in any 
case, directly after the death of Andrusha, this Jew began to make confused 
speeches and very soon was found strangled! 

The Cheberyakov family belonged to the few non-Jews who lived in the vicinity 
of this miserable property: the (345) husband, by trade a telegraph official, 
industrious, of unblemished reputation, as husband a pitiful figure ~ his wife all the 
more resolute and dubious ~ who also maintained close relations with the Jews. 
She invited her Jewish friends to small household entertainments, at which her 
husband was made drunk for the enjoyment of those present ~ so much for this 
family Idyll! In any case, in their press, the Jews called this remarkable woman a 
"Lady MacBeth" but treated her otherwise very considerately, in conspicuous 
contrast to the other non- Jewish witnesses. One got the impression as if they were 
not entirely certain whether it might not finally occur to Mrs. Cheberyakov to say 
what she knew. 

This woman was the mother of three children, a young boy (Zhenya) and two girls 
(Valya and Ludmilla); early on the day of the murder, these three were awakened 
in the absence of their mother by Andrusha; they should go play with him in the 
clay pit. Having arrived there, they were approached from behind by the attendant 
Mendel BeiHs. He seized the small Zhenya, who was able to tear himself loose, 
however, and Andrusha. Meanwhile, two more Jews, among them the young 
Beilis, were added to the group ~ they had been stalking the children according to 
a plan! The little Valya still saw how Andrusha was dragged to the brickyard. 
This happened on the day of the murder, the 20th of March. These statements of 
the children leaked out, although press and commissars had made an effort to take 
no notice of this! The student Golubov had then questioned the children once again 
and recorded their statements. On 22 July (old calendar) Beilis was finally arrested 
together with Mrs. Cheberkov; her children were from that time on for the most 
part entrusted to the care of strange people. After one week the little ones fell 
critically ill with symptoms of poisoning, after the "secret commissar" Krasovski 
had "visited" them and brought them "pies"! Two children, Zhenya and Valya, 
died in quick succession, while Ludmilla slowly recovered only after many weeks - 
- according to reports by the press, the children died of "dysentery" ! 

Now the mother could be set free again ~ the most important witnesses had been 
eliminated, the surviving child, (346) not able to be questioned for a long time, was 
besides under the influence of the dubious subject Krasovski. 

The mother, for the sake of caution, was next "ordered" at once to Kharkov, in fact 
this Jewish-owned creature went there ~ to where the Jewish 'General Staff" had 

cautiously retreated (ll) ~ she was royally received by a "distinguished" society ~ 
naturally exclusively Jewish ~ in the chief hotel of the city; one can thoroughly 
imagine that they expressed their "profound sympathy" to the mother, only to 
become more clear then: The Jew Margolin, the later defense counsel of Mendel 
Beilis ~ he had omitted for reasons of caution to properly register himself in 
Kharkov ~ introduced himself (according to the prosecutor) to Cheberyakova as 
"Member of the Reichsraf [Council of the Reich] and offered her the round sum of 
40,000 Rubles, so that she might voluntarily accept the guilt herself for the 
murder of Andrusha. In front of the court, Margolin later in no way denied this 
monstrous proposal, but cynically explained that "every job must be paid for" ! 

From the speech of the prosecutor, we wish to excerpt the following passage for a 
closer illumination: ". . .There in Kharkov, in the salon of the great hotel, the 
clinking of gold sounded, and under the sound of silver coins, the entire 
investigation was running. This company [of people] which the journalists of a 
Jewish paper have trained, who write so clairvoyantly about this trial, this society 
wanted that Cheberyakova, after [drinking] champagne, should sign a blank piece 
of paper which would then have contained her confession as murderess. 
Cheberyakova turned down the proposal, despite having been assured of a defense 
by the best advocates and a safe-conduct into foreign lands. And thus this version, 
too ~ how many is it now? ~ has collapsed. . . " (12) 

Cheberyakova therefore returned to Kiev and immediately had to watch her step, 
although, as mentioned, she was treated with a certain respect. Characteristically, 
(347) she broke off from her earlier Jewish dealings, she seemed at last cured by 
the terrible events! Shortly after the death of both of Cheberyakova's children, a 
stop was put to the plans of investigation official Mischtschuk, who had conducted 
the trial five months long in entirely the wrong direction. After his dismissal, he 
joined ~ this may be taken as the conclusive assessment of his person ~ that circle 
of press-Jews who had made a well-planned and expert investigation impossible 
from the beginning onwards. Mischtschuk now declared publicly that there could 
no longer be ritual-murder in the 20th century (!). He appeared before the court with 
new 'research,' from which the perfect innocence of the Jews was supposed to 
follow; nonetheless, it soon emerged that the former Commissar wished to lead the 
court astray with the most crude distortions. It succeeded in making short work of 
him and his accomplices in Kharkov. But only Mischtschuk himself was put in 
prison; with him, one exponent of Jewry had left the stage! 

The BeiHs Trial* and the InteUigentsia of Europe* 

At the beginning of 1912, charges were finally filed against Beilis. According to 
the Nordlivldndischen Zeitung [North Livonian Times], in the documents charging 
Belis it reads: "Beilis is accused, according to arrangement with other still not 
discovered persons, with forethought, on the basis of religious superstition for 
ritual purposes, of having seized the boy Yustschinsky, who was playing with 
other children, and of having dragged him into a factory building. Here his 
accomplices bound Yustschinsky' s hands and stuffed his mouth and killed him by 
47 stab wounds in the head, neck, and body. These woundings caused long and 
severe suffering and brought about a complete exsanguination." 

In this critical situation, the Kiev press-Jews indicated three non-Jews who were 
supposed to have committed the murder, of which all details were given with 
exactitude. Witnesses were also found who were prepared, after a substantial fee, 
to swear to anything. But this diversionary maneuver was (348) so stupidly 
contrived that these new Jewish machinations were soon seen through. 

The proceedings against Beilis were not set for 29 May 1912. But once again 
Jewry stepped in with a new, the seventh announcement, by which suspicion was 
supposed to be directed toward a crime brotherhood. But with this, such 
considerable "irregularities" were found on the side of even the new investigation 
official, that he likewise had to be dismissed from the service and the trial placed in 
other hands. These intrigues had at least the result that the proceedings against 
Mendel Beilis were again postponed for about a full year! 

These maneuvers literally cost Jewry massive sums. Naturally, the German 
intelligentsia was also mobilized ~ when had it not been misused! ~ On 23 March 
1912 there appeared a "Declaration" in the notorious Berliner Tageblatt {Berlin 
Daily] — in the parlance of the people called ''Jerusalemer Strafienblatf 
{Jerusalem Street Sheet], signed by perhaps 200 personalities completely unfit to 
render an expert opinion on the question of ritual-murder, in which a sharply- 
worded position was taken "against an insane belief, which attributes to the Jews 
the use of human blood for ritual purposes." At the beginning, it sounds at first 
almost completely rational: "Whether this Jew (Mendel Beilis) is the murderer, 
concerning that we cannot judge. It would be illegitimate to anticipate a legal 
proceeding still pending, and besides that, one pending in a foreign state." In taking 
up the murder of Andrei Yustschinsky, however, it continues on then with the well- 
known tirade: "The agitation of the streets (13) has greedily snatched at this event 
and brazenly claimed that the boy Yustschinsky was slaughtered by Jews, in order 
to tap off his blood and to use this blood for ritual purposes, in accordance with an 
allegedly Jewish religious law. This madness, carried unscrupulously to the 
people, has again and again called forth terrible consequences from the Middle 
Ages right down to the most recent times. It has seduced the uneducated mass of 
the people [into committing] gruesome massacres of the Jews, and crowds, led 
astray by this madness, have (349) befouled themselves with the innocent blood 
of their fellow-man. And yet never has the mere shadow of a proof for the 
justification of this insane belief been produced. The most respected Christians 
knowledgeable about Jewish scripture have shown absolutely, that at no time were 
the Jews ever incited to the murder of their fellow-man by their religion. 

We hold it to be the duty of everyone who has the moral progress of Man close to 
his heart, to raise his voice against such pathetic craziness. We conclude with a 
cry of warning to the most respected Russian (?) scholars, writers, and artists, in 
the awareness that such a warning knows no boundary posts. It must be a matter for 
the heart of the entire world of culture." 

This article could just as well have had a Paul Nathan or a "famous writer" of the 
same race, as clerical authors ~ but it was signed by, besides a half-hundred 
Christian theologians of all ranks, privy councillors, etc., among others by Prince 
Heinrich of Schonaich-Carolath, Count Posadovsky, the Reichstag President 

Kaempf, the Chief Reichstag Vice-President Paasche, who stated at a miUtary 
council in the Reichstag: "Things would go to the devil if Jews could not be 
officers" ~ moreover, he had a Jewish daughter-in-law ~ , the second Vice- 
President Dove, numerous members of the Reichstag, among them we note the 
leader of the National Liberals, Bassermann, married to a Jewess, and the "Royal 
Teacher and City School Councillor of Munich," Georg Kerschensteiner. Many 
University professors came to help; thus we also find Werner Sombart, 
"Professor at the Commercial College of Berlin," who besides saw to it that his 
letter appeared in the same year (1912): The Future of the Jews, in which he first 
takes on the causes of the hostile-to- Jews mood of this year in Russia and reaches 
the remarkable determination that the mental and economic life of Germany is 
already Jewish-permeated to a considerable degree. Although Sombart now even 
admits, in further developing his theme, that the differences of blood between 
Jews and Aryans are too great, he (350) nevertheless saw "in the Jewish people, 
if we regard it as a whole, one of the most valuable types which humankind has 
ever produced". . ."Which would have to give rise to powerful gaps in the human 
world, if the Jewish type should disappear. . .We never want to lose the deep, sad 
Jewish eyes (p. 57)." ~ Without Jews, collapse of the economy of the people! "We 
owe gratitude to Providence, for the not so sparse proportion of Jewish elements. . 
.Especially since there, where we are most purely German, is the Oriental part 
which with the Jews intrudes into our gray Northland world, a true restorative. 
For we might perish, in the end, from pure blondness. Regarded from the 
purely bodily aspect: what colorfulness the dark Oriental type brings into our 
Northern environment! How should we want do without the race of Judith 
and of Miriam" (p. 72 - oy veh, Herr Professor!). "Also in the spiritual realm we 
might run the danger of suffocating from our blondness, if we did not feel between 
us the hot Oriental souls of our fellow-citizens." ~ When Sombart now 
determines, that without a doubt there exists a racial distinction between Aryans 
and Jews, and that on the other hand the "Jewish people represents one of the most 
valuable types," then the only logical conclusion which remains is that the Aryan 
part is the less valuable. Actually, Sombart designates (p. 82) the non- Jewish of 
two competitors (for professorships) as the stupider: "Since the Jews, on the 
average, are so much more clever and industrious than we are." ~ At the time of 
Sombart the "cleverer" third of the teaching body of Breslau University already 
consisted of ~ Jews! This result, then, also means that "living together with the 
Jews is rich in blessings for all" ! 

These are merely some informative samples from one letter of one of the leading 
German national economists, which he ~ probably by no means by accident, let 
appear still, during the events in Kiev, and by no means as a parody but rather, as 
Sombart himself emphasized, wished to have understood as an apologia, with 
which he intended to step out of the reserve which he had imposed upon himself in 
his book: Die Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben (1911) {The Jews and Economic 

(351)The "living together rife with blessings for all segments [of the populace]" 
was experienced in the following decades not by the representatives of this 
intellectual direction, but by the non- Jewish corpus of the people in probably the 
most horrible way, in their own bodies (14) . 

The Christian Theology Professor and Privy Church Councillor Dr. D. Rudolf 
Kittel in Leipzig, Rosenthalgasse 13, likewise one of the subscribers, in his letter 
originating in these years, Judenfeindschaft oder Gottesldsterung [Hostility to the 
Jews or Blasphemy^ (Leipzig, 1914), in which he took a position as exponent of 
Judaism with extreme severity against Theodor Fritsch, expressed, like Sombart, 
his "gratitude for that which we owe Israel." ~ "This gratitude will be powerful 
enough in any friend of the truth, to protect him from this danger (i.e., of 'throwing 
a stone upon Israel')." In his concluding remarks, Kittel blubbers on that "for their 
part, the German Jews are also happily prepared to offer that upon the altar of the 
Fatherland, which Germany demands from each of its citizens, and that the German 
Jews have rallied to the flag in great numbers. . ." ~ So it seemed in the head of 
that German intelligentsia, who believed that they had to jump into the breach even 
for the "Russian Jews" ! 

It was signed by ~ to mention only a few more names ~ furthermore, the actor 
Albert Bassermann, Richard Dehmel, Rudolf Eucken, Jena, writer Herbert 
Eulenberg, Berlin, Gerhart Hauptmann, Agnetendorf, Thomas Mann, Munich, 
Hermann Sudermann, Berlin ~ he had formerly been tutor in Jewish families and 
journalistic colleague of the "estimable General of the Jewish Colonial Troops," 
Rickert, (see Sudermann's Bilderbuch meiner Jugend [Picture Book of My Youth], 
1922), Ludwig Thoma, Munich, authoress Clara Viebig, and last but not least ~ 
the "Christian" Talmud translator and senior master at a girls' school. Professor Dr. 
August Wunsche of Dresden, who on the occasion of the Tisza-Eszlar ritual- 
murder trial of 1882 (352) had once already given testimony (15) against the "blood- 
accusation of the Jews," just as the Privy Councillor Friedrich Delitzsche, 
University professor, Berlin, whose father Franz Delitzsche (1890) had likewise 
rendered an 'expert opinion' against the blood- accusation ! ( 1 6) 

The stereotypical phrases contained in this "Declaration" of a Jewish loaf-about, 
like "Medieval madness," "leading astray," "craziness," "insane belief," "moral 
progress," "persecution of the Jews," "innocent Jewish blood," "most respected 
scholars," "Christian scholars," "cultural world," and so forth, have become 
wearisome for us ~ nevertheless, their longevity seems to be boundless, for the 
same old chestnuts, only a little up-dated, still adorn today, in well-paid 
reanimation, the part of the world controlled by Jews ~ and that is not 

"Christians knowledgeable about the Jewish scriptures. . ." ~ this is naturally first 
and foremost meant to suggest August Wunsche and both Delitzsches; but we 
already have gotten to know, among the 'experts' in Tisza-Eszlar, still one other 
'authority,' the Berlin University Professor Dr. Hermann Strack! This man now 
added a "scientific expert opinion" concerning the ritual-murder question to that 
declaration published in the Berlin Tageblatt, and then also sent to the Russian 
authorities. ~ In 1893, already Strack, who conducted a "Jewish mission" as a 
specialty and from upon this sloping platform had already sunk to the level of 
masterly advocate of Judaism, although allegedly Gentile himself, had published a 
brochure: Die Juden, durfen sie Verbrecher von Religions we gen genannt werden? 
[The Jews, are they to be called criminals because of religion?]', this letter is an 
exposition ~ collected with highly suspicious zeal ~ of those kinds of petitions 
with which Strack had showered the courts with the goal of making the blood- 

accusations raised against the Jews impossible in the future by means of judicial 
decision, on account of insult to the Jewish religious community ~ which did 
not succeed, however! In 1900, the treatise Das Blut im Glauben und Aberglauben 
der Menschhei tjXl) [Blood in the Faith and Superstition of Humanity^ followed, in 
a reworking of a letter in defense of his beloved Judaism which had appeared in 

(353)The composition of the title already betrays the direction in which the case is 
to be steered. "When the horrible human butcherings of Skurz, Xanten, Polna and 
Konitz cried ever louder to Heaven, and no one whose eyes were open was able 
any longer to doubt where the guilty were to be sought, there Strack wrote a book 
to order, which was supposed to prove to the world the innocence of the Jews in 
respect to all blood-murders. " (18) 

"Toward the completion of this work," (among others) the Jews Hirschfeld, 
PreuB, Moritz Stern ~ the 're visor' of the Trent trial documents! ~ and the Rabbi 
Hoffmann, gave their suggestions so that the book, to which we shall have to 
return once more in a special chapter, could then finally be found suitable by the 
"Herr Professor Th. G. Masaryk in Prag" to be translated into Czechoslovakian for 
getting the ritual-murderer Hilsner released! But the craziest thing Strack himself 
did, when, for the convincing conclusion of his work, he paraded a list several 
pages long of "pious" Jews as chief witnesses of Jewish innocence, in addition to 
numerous Jewish "scholars," ~ among whose fine society Paul Nathan and the 
"missionary" Pieritz were to be found. (19) 

Small wonder, that such a commissioned Christian Theology professor was then 
able to act in times to follow as "expert witness" of the "Central Union of German 
Citizens of the Jewish Faith" in numerous criminal trials against brave German 
men, who had attempted to expose the teachings of the Talmud and thereby suggest 
to the German people the inference to be drawn from these monstrosities, as to the 
true character of the people belonging to it [i.e., the religion of the Talmud^ Small 
wonder, also, that Strack then received his alloted place in the "Hall of Honor" of 
the Jewish Philo-Lexikon (Handbuch des jUdischen Wissens [Handbook of Jewish 
Knowledge], still in the year 1935 (!), as the "scientific defender of Judaism"! 

The court in Kiev was also supposed to be forced by Jewry to accept Professor 
Strack as "expert witness," without an application for this having been made at all 
by the Russian authorities! (354) The Hammer wrote this prophetic sentence in 
response to these machinations (20) : "Yet should the Russian court allow itself to 
be coerced into accepting these expert witnesses, it will be very ill-advised!" 

In the summer of 1912, the Jewish intrigues in Russia had reached an unbearable 
pitch, so that the Minister of Justice saw himself forced to take sharp measures in 
order to put an end to the cunning subversions which were staged for the benefit of 
the accused. 

Thus, for example, a vast quantity of Jewish pamphlets of inflammatory content, 
composed in Ghetto argot, were circulated in the country, in order to inform the 
uneducated people, the rabble, the agitation of the streets, that Jewish "fellow- 
citizens" were innocent and holy, while the enemies of progress, who dared to 

"slander" those saviors so basely, were to be exterminated as quickly as possible 
from the earth, after which the "Kingdom of God" would appear! ~ Six years later, 
in 1918, and in repetition in our day, the German people were also promised the 
"Golden Age," if it should resolve to destroy its "enemies of progress". . . 

The Gouverneur of Kiev summoned to him some editors of "progressive" papers 
and urgently suggested to them that they refrain from their attempts at provocation. 
The authorities [he said] would not allow themselves to be diverted by anything. 
The Prosecutor Chaplinsky was ordered to Petersburg to make a detailed report 
to the Minister of Justice. 

Since these interviews had remained unsuccessful, the Russian government saw 
itself forced, on account of incendiary articles in the following days, to arrest 
several "editors" and to confiscate 24 newspapers and four brochures. Two papers 
had to stop publication. Finally, 34 (!) Jewish papers were sentenced to pay a total 
of 10,250 Rubles in fines for falsifications, slanders and lies! (21) 

Go to Kiev/Page 2 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Kiev 1911 

Page 2 

(p. 354) 

In Fall of 1913, thus after a two-year span of investigation, the proceedings against 
Beilis were supposed to be opened. On 1 October 1913, (22) Theodor (355) Fritsch 
addressed himself to this point: "In Kiev there sits a man, in investigative custody 
for two years due to suspicion of having murdered a twelve-year-old boy. There 
would be nothing special about this, since murders happen in all times and in all 
countries. But this time there has to be something special going on, because the 
entire cultural world has been stirred into an uproar over the fate of this man. . 
.what could have awakened so much sympathy for this ordinary human being? And 
how were the wise men in Germany, England, and America ~ without a closer 
knowledge of the situation ~ able to judge whether the man was guilty or not?. . 
.So there has to be a special circumstance having to do with Beilis and his crime of 
murder, and in fact: Beilis is no ordinary mortal, for he belongs to the * Chosen 
People*. And his crime of murder is also of a special type; there's no question of 
either a robbery- or of a lust- murder. Therefore, because a Jew was accused of a 
serious crime, for that reason the Jewry of the entire world exerts itself in order 
to bring criminal justice to a standstill. " - What had happened in the Kiev of 
the 20th century was merely what the Jew Maier Balaban (23) described quite 
frankly as already existing as the rule for relations in Lublin of the 16th century: ". 
. .When that sort (i.e., ritual-murder) of trial was held in the tribunal, the families of 
the accused, the seniors of the Jewish community, all came to Lublin to assist their 
nearest and dearest. The seniors of the Lublin community were first of all 
bombarded, . . in order to procure for (the accused) at least the smaller comforts. 
(356) Patronages for the Schoffen [type of lay judges, somewhat like American 
justices of the peace], for the executioners, for the wardens, had to be gotten. They 
ran from judge to judge, they sought Jews at the market who were acquainted 
with the judges, had business relationships with them, were their lease-holders or 
creditors (!), and an effort was made, through their mediation, to convince the 
judges of the innocence of the accused." ~ But the bribery money was raised by 
ruthless "contributions"! 

The final attempt of Jewry to have Beilis declared ill and to get him out of 
investigative custody, misfired because the physicians had determined that Beilis 

was enjoying the best of health! 

The Main Trial 

The trial was now finally set, for 8 October 1913. 

Jewry thereupon undertook a new "offensive," to hinder jurisdiction. In the 
Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, [General Times of Jewry MlA) the Rabbi 
Ziegler in Karlsbad issued the following "flaming appeal": "On the day of the 
opening of the Beilis trial in Kiev, protest meetings should be held by the most 
respected Jews and Christians in all cities and all communities of the world, to 
lodge a protest against the affront which was done to Jewry, to the truth, and to 
justice with this trial. Jews of all states, of all nations, get ready to protest! Let no 
city, let no town be absent! Gather your best [people] around me, ask noble, truth- 
loving Christians, theologians (!) as well as laity, to stand beside you; this concerns 
the honor of that religion which Jesus, too, loved with every fiber of his heart (!). 
The entire cultural world is united to wash the shame of the Beilis trial from 
itself!" ~ Who does not recall the "appeal" of the chief Rabbi Giidemann in 
Vienna on the occasion of the Hilsner trial in Kuttenberg in 1899, which likewise 
beseeched the non-Jews "in the names of Christ and the Virgin Mary," to help an 
"honest, innocent" little Jew; an appeal which was framed in total similarity in its 
content, and equally scornful. (357) 

Judah always knew how to begin ~ some representatives of the "mobilized cultural 
world" we have already introduced by their signatures [i.e., those mentioned on p. 

In response, the President of the Kiev Court of Justice, Senator MeiBner, stated to 
a correspondent that the Prosecutor, Fischer, would emphatically seek to prove 
the facts of the case, that ritual motives were the basis for the murder which 
was perpetrated upon the boy Yustschinsky. 

Rabbi Ziegler knew where things were going, he became noticeably nervous: 
"Given that the State's Attorney makes the claim that Jews require the blood of 
Christians only against a dark, hidden sect of Jews ~ must not the State do all that 
it can to discover this sect, in order to root it out, branch and trunk? Not a third [of 
the Jewish population] remains in Russia. It [the State] either declares, with the 
condemnation of the accused, that the Jewish religion requires Christian blood, ~ 
then it must proceed with every power against the adherents of this religion ~ or 
the Russian government desires to take measures against only some secret sect or 
other of the Jews ~ then it must seek to find the latter, to seize [its members]. In 
both cases the Jews of Russia are standing on the verge of a catastrophe without 
peer. . .We declare ourselves to be in unreserved solidarity in this matter with our 
Russian brothers in the faith. " (25) 

But the President of the Reich Union of German Jews had become stupid from the 
loud protests, and had the carelessness to state at a meeting: "As a consequence of 
this accusation, not only Beilis, but all of the world's Jewry sits in the dock. If 
Beilis is guilty, then we are all guilty. " (26) Out of fear of ensuing difficulties. 

perhaps, numerous Russian Jews let themselves be baptized. The Lutheran pastor 
Pir in Helsingfors conducted a land office business, by making out a baptismal 
certificate for anyone for a fee. The Russian government saw itself forced to warn 
the police officials (358) against admission of these '' Geschwindigkeitschristen'' 
["speeded-up Christians"] ~ as the Hammer (27) named them ~ into forbidden 

Not fewer than 219 witnesses were available during the 20 days of the trial. 
Baldgrov had the presidency of the court, while Prosecutor Fischer acted for the 
State. Unfortunately, detailed reports like those that exist for other ritual-murder 
trials, are missing; Jewry, for obvious reasons, had hindered an informative, 
objective coverage. Among the 44 representatives of the press who were admitted, 
only a few non-Jews were to be found, according to statements of one of the few 
Jew-free papers, the Petersburg Zemschinal Not only the entire press outside of 
Russia, but with few exceptions, even the majority of Russian papers had been 
'served' by Jewish correspondents. ~ In Kiev there was only a single paper whose 
publishers weren't Jews ! 

The Hammer, as the single German paper, was able to publish fragments from 
reliable Russian sources at the end of the year 1913; the outbreak of the World War 
prevented a detailed account of the trial from the protocols and stenographic 
records, and after the war Judah 'liquidated' documents and witnesses which had 
become dangerous for it. The Jewish terror during the trial in Kiev is supposed to 
have overshadowed everything prior to it ~ even the events in Nyiregyhaza in 
Hungary! Thus, witness testimony which was unfavorable to the Jews was simply 
made unintelligible by means of continuous noise from the galleries; it appeared 
that the court President did not work up the courage to have these young Jews 
thrown out. When one of the chief witnesses, the student Golubov, wanted to 
communicate to the court the statements made to him by the little Zhenya 
Cheberyakov, who later succumbed to the murderous attack by poison, at first a 
hushed silence prevailed in the hall; but when the expositions of Golubov took an 
incriminating shape, they were soon drowned out by the galleries of the 
correspondents by means of riotous noise, moving around, the overturning of 
seats, the dumping out of coins, knocking with canes, and so forth, so that (359) the 
the presiding judge finally decided to send up bailiffs, to make continuation of the 
trial possible! 

As we recall, Golubov had been been made to look like a true scoundrel in the 
Jewish press, while a non- Jewish voice (Novoya Vremya) described his appearance 
before the court in the following manner: "A hushed silence descended upon the 
courtroom when the witness Golubov appeared on the witness stand in his white 
student smock, a tall, gaunt figure with a youthfully fresh and peaceful, almost 
child-like facial expression, a youngster whom the leftist (read: Jewish!) press had 
described as an agitator, almost as a footpad [archaic term for a mugger], whereas 
he presented a thoroughly sympathetic appearance. Golubov delivered his 
testimony with great unbiased calmness and clarity. . ." 

The high point of these 20 days of testimony, however, was shaped by the 
questioning of the little ten-year-old Ludmilla Cheberyakov, whose younger 
sister had succumbed to the murder attack of the Jewish Feme [The Feme court 

was a type of unofficial, secret tribunal held in Westphalia during the 14th and 15th 
centuries, and the analogy is a fitting one, although rabbinical courts ~ particularly 
the Hassidic variety ~ were and are potentially far more sinister.]. She was the 
single witness who was able to tell about something [she had] observed about the 
disappearance of her companion at play, Andrusha. Her testimony shall be 
reproduced here verbatim: 

"Tell me, my child" ~ so inquired the presiding judge Baldgrov ~ "what you know 
of the case!" And the girl related in the hushed courtroom: "Mama went out up to 
the market. We were sleeping, Zhenya was sleeping, I was sleeping, and Valya 
was sleeping. Then we heard someone call from the street: 'Zhenya, Zhenya!' It 
was Andrusha, he was calling Zhenya, [telling him that] he should go with him. 
Zhenya wanted to go and said I was supposed to look after the room, but I said 
[that] Valya would cry. Then we all got dressed, locked the room, and went 
playing on the broken clay. There were still other children there. Then Mendel 
Beilis came running up behind us; we ran away from [him]. Mendel caught 
Zhenya and Andrusha; Zhenya tore and tore, and tore himself loose, but 
Andrusha didn't; Mendel and one other Jew held him by the hands. Also, the 
young Mendel was there. Valya was scared and didn't run with us, but toward the 
other side; she saw how they were dragging Andrusha to the kiln. I didn't see that, 
I saw how they were dragging him off; that they were dragging him to the kiln, 
Valya told me that." 

(360)The Prosecutor: "Do you remember how Andrusha was found?" ~ "I 
remember." Prosecutor: "Why didn't you tell right away, what you are saying 
now?" ~ "I was at my grandma's, and later on they didn't ask me." Prosecutor: 
"How did you get into the quarry?" ~ "There was a hole in the fence." ~ 
Prosecutor: "Were you chased away from there sometimes?" ~ "They chased us 
away because we did damage; sometimes we ran through the bricks." Prosecutor: 
"Was Andrusha always along?" ~ "May God keep him, but this time he did come 
along." Prosecutor: "And where was your father?" ~ "He had to work." Prosecutor: 
"Were you [children] in the habit of sometimes going to Beilis? " ~ "We went with 
Zhenya after milk. There were Jews there who were praying, or were doing some 
such thing ~ I don't know." The defense counsel for Beilis, Grusenberg, asked: 
"When Mama returned, did you tell her what had happened?" ~ "Yes, I told her." ~ 
Karabatschevski asked: "Did somebody give you a pie?" ~ "Yes!" ~ "And did 
you become sick from it?" ~ "We all became sick." ~ "When did Valya die?" ~ 
"One week after my brother." 

Ludmilla screwed her face up, tears were in her eyes. The presiding judge: "Why 
are you crying?" ~ "I*m scared," replied the girl! 

The representative of the civil plaintiff: "Who brought you the pies?" ~ "Vygranov 
and Krasovski." -- "Do you know them both?" -- "I know them." -- "Who 
threatened you?" -- Poleschtschuk. " (28) -- "And what did Krasnovski say?" -- 
"He said that I was supposed to say only two or three words!" ~ "Turn around and 
say whether you don't see Poleschtschuk?" ~ "Yes, Poleschtschuk is here!" ~ 
"Point him out to me!" ~ The girl walks up to Poleschtschuk, points at him, he 
gazes at her threateningly, and she begins to cry. "Why are you crying?" asks the 
presiding judge, "no one will do anything to harm you here!" The girl cannot calm 

down and replies: "I'm afraid, I*m scared. . .They threatened, (361) if we would 
testify, then the same thing would happen to us as with Yustschinsky. . ." 

According to the testimony of this child, Andrusha had not been involved in the 
tours of the children through the property of the brick works up till then. Now, how 
did the ~ according to the inquiries of the court ~ painfully conscientious, almost 
shy boy, who was at one time supposed to become a clergyman, come to play 
hookey from his classes at the Sophie School and tramp about on that fatal 20th of 
March, 1911? 

According to the exposition of the State's Attorney, Fischer, a few days before his 
death, the youngster had received a shotgun as a gift from the Jew Arendar, who 
lived in the vicinity of the Cheberyakov family, and who had taken in the Jew 
Tartakovski, who died suddenly under mysterious circumstances; beaming with 
happiness, he had shown it to his siblings ~ all that was missing was the 
gunpowder, and that was the cleverly laid snare! A day before his death, Andrusha 
told his mother that "good people" would buy him the gunpowder, on the next day, 
he forgot about going to school because of it, in order to go to these "good people". 

A Jew with fox-red hair, who has remained unidentified, had observed every step 
of the boy in his final hours; after the murder, he vanished without a trace; the page 
in the list of houses where he would have had to be entered, was torn out! Just as 
numerous foreign Jews, who ~ according to the inquiries of the State's Attorney ~ 
had stopped on the day before the crime at the estate of Zaitsev, were "as if blown 
away" again. The shed which had conspicuously been suddenly whitewashed, was 
burned down three days before its appointed judicial inspection! Fischer remarked 
at this: "This fire is one of the many Jewish advantages we are up against in this 
trial; it is of help to them. . ." 

The expert Dr. Sikorski once again threw light upon the murder from all sides and 
came to the conclusion that religious insanity was as work here. He stated that the 
murder of Yustschinsky was distinguished by numerous characteristic signs, that 
it appears as a striking crime of definite type and evokes by its (362) 
accompanying circumstances a terrifying impression. [That] its interpretation is 
not based upon prejudice or fantasy, it is a matter of a genuine event of the 20th 
century. [He stated that] murders, tied in with the drawing off of blood, have been 
committed by fanatics, but persons who are healthy and act with deliberation. 
[That] such murders occur everywhere where Jews and Christians live together, 
yet Jewish children are never victims of such murders; sometimes, the victims 
are circumcised beforehand, as the Zaratov trial has shown. The suspicion is 
confirmed by the Jews themselves, who immediately take in hand defensive 
measures at the discovery [of such a crime]. ~ Repeatedly, stormy scenes resulted 
during the questioning of this expert, who participated in the judicial proceedings 
in spite of a serious heart condition; he was persistently interrupted by the attorneys 
of the Jewish party in a shameless manner, and his giving of evidence made more 
difficult in every way. Thus, the defender of the Jews Zarudny thought it 
necessary to take away his notes and pages from the expert witness, so that 
Sikorski was obliged to give oral testimony! "How much filth this man was pelted 
with. . .Other scholars whom we have heard, have been more cautious; one of 

them, an attorney (!) of surgery, compromised himself for the Jews. For this man, 
the puncture [wounds] were inflicted upon Yustschinsky ~ according to his 
opinion ~ 'only as a jest,' and [the rest of the testimony] of this expert could be 
filled in according to his views: they [the wounds] have provided endless 
amusement for him. This expert. . .differed from all other expert witnesses on a 
total of 25 points. Not only I, but all of Russian society, knows what to think of 
this man." (29) 

Against the psychiatrist Professor Sikorski were also arrayed the Professors of the 
religious academy in Kiev and Petersburg, Hlogelev and Troizki (baptized 
Jews?), who, on the basis of Bible and Talmud denied categorically the possibility 
of the use of human, and in particular Christian blood, by the Jews! ~ We thereby 
brush up against, once again, the 'Intelligentsia' of Europe: "Almost no day goes 
by, without some sort or other of 'highly significant (363) statement' not only of 
diplomats, men of science, etc., but also from bishops (even from the 'reformed,' 
for example Dr. Desidor Baltazzar), cardinals, nuncios, the generals of [monastic] 
orders, and the like. . . (30) In the overcrowded Russian churches, however, "entire 
populations [i.e., of towns and villages, etc.] prayed in common for the repayment 
of the murderers; a profound stirring went through the Russian folk-soul. " (31) 

But Jewish megalomania had taken on unbearable proportions! The Russian paper 
Druglavny orel copied the following excerpts from Jewish papers: "The fate of the 
Russian people ~ its future ~ not merely in Russia, but in the entire world ~ now 
finds itself in the hands of twelve unenlightened Russian peasants. These have 
challenged the great Jewish people. With a feeling of disgust, gnashing our teeth 
with pain and humiliation, we take off the glove which has been stained with our 
sacred blood (32) " 

Gradually, the line was crossed into blunt threats: "The Russian government has 
resolved to deliver up the Jewish people in Kiev to a general slaughter. Upon the 
outcome of this titanic struggle depends the fate ~ you believe, of the Jewish 
people - oh, no! - the Jewish people is unconquerable - the fate of the Russian 
State is at stake: To be or not to be? That is the question for it. The victory of 
the Russian government is the beginning of its end. There is no way out for it. 
Take note of it!. . ." 

Or: "In Kiev, we will show before the eyes of the entire world, that the Jews cannot 
be trifled with." ~ "If Jewry, up until now, has for tactical reasons concealed the 
fact that it has held the leadership of the Russian Revolution, so now, after the 
staging of the Kiev trial, an end must come to that. Let the outcome of this trial 
be what it will, for the Russian government there is no (364) salvation. So 
Jewry has decided, and thus will it happen. . . " 

And thus will it happen: Five years later, the Romanovs met their end in the 
Ipatyev House at Ekaterinburg by the hands of their Jewish executioners ~ their 
ashes were scattered to the winds! [Not literally true of all the remains; forensic 
anthropologists identified the skulls of several members of the Romanov family, 
some seventy years after their slaughter by the Jews. But these remains were 
obscurely buried under rubble and might well have been lost to posterity, had it not 
been for a combination of pure chance and the persistence of those who cherished 

the memories of the Romanov family as symbohc of the Old Russia which Jewish 
Bolshevism had murdered along with the Tsar and his family.] The Elders of Zion 
had already decided upon this ~ according to the excerpted press citations ~ in 
1913, in the year of the Beilis trial! 

Another Jewish paper called upon the Jews of all nations to boycott the Russian 
state bonds on all the stock exchanges, to depress the currency, in order to 
intimidate in this way the Russian government! (3 3) In Berlin, the Jew Oppenheim, 
by profession a college teacher in the capital city of the Reich, raged that 
Mendelssohn must stop all credit for Russia. . .It's unnecessary to go into the role 
of the Rothschilds again! It would still be, at best, a curious circumstance, to relate 
that the London Rothschild (Lionel Walter, a 'Lord') turned to the then State 
Secretary of the Pope, Merry del Val, with the "very humble request for merciful 
protection for my persecuted comrade in the faith, for the defense of the truth and 
justice." In his humble petition, he enclosed a certified copy of the papal brief of 
Innocent IV which dealt with protection of the Jews! (34) It is known by far too few 
that the "Miracle Monk," Rasputin, this demonic instrument in Jewish hands, also 
took a direct influence upon the course and outcome of this trial. According to the 
words of his Jewish "secretary," Aron Simanovitch, Rasputin declared 
categorically to the Justice Minister Cheglovitov: "You will surely lose the trial. 
Nothing will come of it!" ~ Even before the trial, Rasputin had prophesied the 
acquittal of the Jew, but Cheglovitov was "dismissed"! (35) 

(365) The Beilis trial is supposed to have cost the Jews 17 million Rubles. "Some 
kind of invisible power directs these machinations, an invisible hand disperses 
money to cover up the murder. . ." (36) ~ But to the dubious Vyera Cheberyakova 
in Kharkov, 40,000 Rubles were "offered" for her signing a blank sheet of paper. 
The Rubles rolled -- "the golden bullets had shot the truth": 

Beilis was acquitted! 

Theodor Fiitsch 

Theodor Fritsch commented upon 
this news in the December issue 
(1913) of the Hammer as follows: 
"After all the peculiarities which 
distinguished this amazing trial, 
nothing other than this was to be 
expected. This time, also, much 
has occurred which was able to 
contribute to the finding of not 
guilty, just as in the trials of 
Skurz, Xanten, Konitz! 
Throughout five months the 
investigation was led in a false 
direction in accordance with a 
plan; two examining judges, one 
after the other, proved to have 
been bribed, had to be relieved of 
their office and charged. When the 
third finally took up the sure trail and proceeded to the arrest of Beilis, remarkable 

things happened: two chief witnesses against Beilis (both the children of 
Cheberyakova) died a sudden (366) death, and when the examining judge was on 
the verge of inspecting a shed in the brick yard of Zaitsev, in which according to 
all probability the murder of the boy took place, this shed suddenly burned down. . 
.In the trial it has been shown that several witnesses, intimidated by threats, did 
not dare to directly testify; with others, the ringing of gold demonstrably played its 

Thus a mysterious power has so strangely led by the nose the Russian court of 
justice, whose honest intentions are otherwise by no means to be doubted, that one 
hole remained for the caught fox through which he could slip away. Should the 
consequences of a sentence of condemnation really have been feared?" 

They were feared! The State's Attorney, who, in contrast to his foreign colleagues, 
had not appeared for Jewry, had quite clearly recognized its machinations in this 
giant trial ~ how else is this passage from his address to the jury to be explained: 
"You should not allow yourselves to fear [anything that could happen] with the 
condemnation of Beilis, may the image of the martyr Andrusha Yustschinsky step 
before your inner eyes; Beilis may be a saint for others, for us he is not. The 
Russian people will extinguish his name from its memory, his name will not be 
allowed to beshadow that of Andrei Yustschinsky; for the latter is the name of a 
martyr. . .We do not fear the consequences of the matter in which we have 
ventured ourselves, however difficult and serious they might be. . ." 

In his analysis of the motives of the crime. State's Attorney Fischer arrived at the 
conviction, similar to that of the Czech attorney Dr. Baxa (37) in the Hilsner trial 
at Kuttenberg, that Jewry had imposed once again a blood toll upon non- Jewish 
humanity ~ the Jews have not forgotten it! Fischer explained: "... People call the 
Beilis case an outrageous case; we have experienced days of revolution, in which 
officials (367) were killed, bombs were thrown at the representatives of power, the 
people were shot at. . .but even out of this bloody past the murder of Andrusha 
Yustschinsky stands out by its terrifying character! On a bright day they slay an 
innocent boy, who never did anyone harm, whom everyone loved; they murder him 
under unbelievable tortures, they loot his blood. . .But this atrocity becomes a 
world event, because judgement is supposed to be passed on a [certain] Beilis, 
because we possessed the impertinence to put a Jew on the dock! If only we 
had been trying a case concerning Russians, . . .then we would have seen at the 
defense table neither the cream of the legal profession, nor famous scholars as 
expert witnesses. . .Who had need of his blood? You have heard the definitive 
remarks of the expert witnesses, that the crime could not have been committed by 
madmen or psychopaths. . .what interest had they in the murder? Who are the 
murderers? One of them sits in the dock. . .With what [crime] is the accused 
charged? It is determined that two thirds of the boy's blood was removed, that he 
was tortured. . .Are there sects which use blood? There is an entire series of 
trials which indicate this: One of these trials has taken place in Austria in the case 
of Polna. . .These trials extend back through all times. . .In all cases, the Jews 
have made the greatest efforts to shelter their fanatics. . .They are unusual human 
beings, these Jews. . .The Bible speaks of bloody sacrifices. . .From the Talmud, 
one could infer what one wishes. We have the Zohar. The Hassidim appear on the 
scene, at their head the famous (read: notorious!) Schneerson. . .It is a single 

current of religious superstition. The use of the blood of Christians by the Jews is 
beyond any question. Jewry feels the burden of the blood secret, but does not 
dare lay it aside. . ." ~ "We will remain pariahs, as long as it remains," a Jewess 
had written in 1900, who was complicit in the blood-murder of Konitz. . . 

Beilis had been acquitted on [the strength of] Jewish-international pressure ~ not, 
however, by the Russian people! "Believe us, (368) o child, the Russian Mother 
Earth will open itself and spit from out its depths the miserable wretch who has 
shed your innocent blood. Twelve unenlightened peasants* -- may this 
conscience of the Russian people stand as surety for you. "(38) The files 
concerning the "Beilis case" had thereby concluded. The outbreak of the World 
War prevented their systematic revision, and after the collapse of Russia they were 
likewise disposed of like those in Paris which concerned the "Damascus case" after 
the take-over of the Ministry of Justice by the "attorney" Cremieux-Smeerkopp in 


Beilis was "compensated" in princely fashion. The "Israelite Committee" in New 
York had arranged a collection of about 400,000 Gold Marks, in order to be able to 
offer their "innocent, persecuted" racial comrade a large farm as a present upon his 
arrival in the Land of Freedom, after a large number of Jews had already emigrated 
to America already, during the trial ~ in a similar manner, of course, the ritual- 
slaughterer and "martyr" Buschhoff in Xanten had also been "compensated." 

Nevertheless, Beilis seemed to have developed no inclination toward agriculture. 
According to a report in the Hammer of May 1914 (39) , Beilis surfaced suddenly 
in the land of his patriarchs. In Alexandria he was received like a king at his 
disembarkation, especially for this purpose a "reception committee" had been 
formed, at whose head stood a certain Isaac Piccioto. ~ This name also seems 
known to us: Two Jews of the same name had, if we rightly recall, played a role in 
the ritual-murder trial of Damascus in 1840 ~ just as it is a striking phenomenon in 
general, that at Jewish blood-murder trials names surface over and over again 
which have been previously mentioned for the same reason (Schneerson!). Orient 
and Occident reached out their hands to each other once again: the circle was 
closed! In Palestine Beilis was able to await in peace the coming ruin (369) of the 
State over which the death sentence had already been pronounced by Jewry, in 
order to return there, if needed, as an expert in the slaughtering of human beings. . . 

The men who had exerted themselves for Right and Justice fared otherwise, 
however. The shocking scenes and abuses to which, for example, the student 
Golubov and the psychiatrist Sikorski had been exposed through Jewish sub 
humanity, still continued on after the conclusion of the trial. 

So [it was for] Professor Kossorotov; he had belonged to the scientific experts in 
Kiev, after the sudden demise ~ which remained unsolved ~ murder by poison was 
spoken of here, too ~ of the University Professor Obolonski. He had presented his 
opinion before the court to the best of his knowledge, in full scientific agreement 
with the other experts, which did not at all please the Jews! A terrible campaign 

ensued against him in the following period, which continued to his lecture hall in 
Petersburg University, without his having been protected from these Jewish 
impertinences by his authority. There were tumultuous scenes in his college. He 
even wrote about it in the Novoye vremya: "If I had been told earlier about student 
nonsense, I would not have believed it; but on 23 October (1913), I had to change 
my opinion. I saw human beings who behaved like beasts, made ear-splitting 
noise, and were not receptive to a single rational word. I had to believe in that 
which had formerly seemed incompatible with the concept of [what] a student [is]. 
. ."(40) 

Unfortunately, it isn't clear from the report, whether Kossorotov had clearly 
recognized the racial membership of his audience who were "behaving like 

The Beilis trial also lapsed into oblivion; but in the same measure as the memory of 
non- Jewish humanity failed, Jewish memory retained its liveliness! 

In 1917, armed with enormous financial resources, Trotsky was ordered to Russia, 
in order to create a terra deserta, a desert, out of this land. In a (370) bloodshed 
which was unprecedented in history up until then, next to which even the bloody 
slaughters of the Old Testament pale, he fulfilled his instructions to the fullest 
satisfaction of his secret Jewish task-masters. "The Jewish people is unconquerable 
~ at stake is the fate of the Russian State," thus was World Jewry able to cry out 
already, in 1913, in the certainty of its imminent victory! 

After the collapse of Russia, there began a genuine round-up against, first and 
foremost, those persons who somehow or other stood suspected of harboring anti- 
Jewish tendencies; it is now very instructive to discover that nearly all accusers, 
witnesses and expert witnesses, who during the Beilis trial in Kiev had spoken out 
against Jewry, fell as victims to the Jewish-Bolshevist Terror. Thus, in 1919, the 
Professor of Psychiatry, J. Sikorski, was shot under martial law in Kiev, together 
with a series of nationally-minded professors, while one of his chief opponents in 
the Kiev trial, Bechterev, who appeared at the request of the defense in the trial 
with a denial of the possibility of ritual-murder, received a leading scientific 
administrative post, thanks to Jewish protection. (41) Naturally, the Kiev judges 
also bled to death under their Jewish executioners; but even the Russian Justice 
Minister Cheglovitov, who remained completely indifferent during the trial, whose 
single "crime" had consisted of having finally, after a period of a year (in the 
middle of 1912), taken the trial ~ which was threatening to become disastrously 
entangled in Jewish snares, away from the authority of corrupt local officials and 
getting it underway. . .even he went the same way [as the judges, etc.]. . . 

"The murder of the boy Yustschinsky provided the occasion for the Minister 
Cheglovitov and other enemies of the Jews, to initiate the famous ritual-murder 
trial against Beilis. But this trial did not have the expected result, its ramifications 
were, rather, very unpleasant for its originators," confirmed a knowing Jew. . 

(371)"Thus has Jewry decided, and thus had it happened!" But in one of the 
Hammer issues of 1913 (Nr. 275) there are also these prophetic words: ". . .Once 

again the Jewish party has triumphed; but ~ some more such victories, and it will 
lose without hope of recovery!" 

The final monstrous victory of Jewry was the Jewish-Bolshevist massacre and the 
sacrifice of racially flawless, and for that reason consciously or unconsciously anti- 
Jewish classes of the people in numerous nations of the Old World. It was the last 
victory. Aryan humanity attained consciousness. It won its way to the 
conviction that it has a common enemy: the Jews 

Recognizing the enemy, however, means: taking up the struggle. A new world 
order is in the process of arising, after unspeakably difficult birth pangs, an order in 
which the Jew has nothing more to seek and ~ to murder! 

Go to Chapter 10; Summary 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


Page 1 


The newest Talmud research will have to also concern itself with ritual-murder. A 
study group cannot help but begin with ethnology, in order to put the research on 
the broadest possible basis. F. W. Ghillany(l), who was silenced by death, already 
blazed the trail a hundred years ago. If our own historical investigations could be 
extended in this direction ~ of the Talmudists and ethnologists ~ this would be 
their greatest reward. 

However, one should not be allowed to forget that for centuries, Jewry itself has 
taken care to work to "clear things up." Already, in printings of the Talmud of the 
15th century, various printers had "left white, empty spots in many passages, in 
order to avoid as much as possible the chance of attack by non-Jews."(2} Thus the 
Amsterdam edition of the Talmud appears as "revised" in 1644, and the editions 
following in the next two centuries have also been still more thoroughly "checked." 
In Damascus, the former Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh, having converted to Islam, 
spoke about this on the occasion of the ritual-murder trial in 1840 and said that in 
the editions of the Talmud which were intended for Europe, "empty places" were 
left in the books. At the inquiry of the Court's Chairman, as to what purpose these 
empty places served, Moses gave the diplomatic response: "In order to fill these up 
with the names of those (non- Jewish) peoples, and everything that concerns 

It is extremely informative to discover in this connection that already, in the Trent 
ritual-murder trial of the year 1475, a colleague of this Rabbi, Samuel, stated that 
the Italian Jews had nothing "of this" in their books; but probably writings "about 
it" would be found (376) with the Jews beyond the Ocean(4)! Rohling correctly 
assumes that these "writings beyond the ocean" were the old, still "uncastrated" 
copies of the Talmud which still existed in the Orient! 

In the course of time the "castrated" Talmud arose, of which Rohling speaks in his 
writings to the court at Cleves on the occasion of the ritual-murder of Xanten. The 
omitted passages were immediately handed on orally with utmost care or collected 
in the private notes of the rabbis. "Jewry earlier omitted passages hostile to Christ 

or to Christians out of (justified) fear of severe unpleasantness, or substituted 
harmless- sounding ones, but they orally filled in the omissions (clearly indicated 
in part by sentence gaps in the printing); or they likewise orally replaced the 
falsifications in the text with the proper versions again, collected in special 
writings ~ but they never held those alterations to be correct, while Christians 
have constructed entire doctrinal structures upon the Jewish additions to the text 
and similar falsifications in the New Testament. Jewry knew and knows that those 
textual alterations are false and doesn't give a thought to believing in them. . ." 


The Jew Horodezky, by the estimation of Bischoff "a meritorious Jewish scholar," 
and thus a man who had to know, wrote in his book which appeared in Bern in 
1920, Religiose (!) Stromungen im Judentum {Religious Currents in Judaism] (6): 
"Besides the written literature, they (Hassidic Jews) keep a handed-down oral 
teaching, into which they do not allow a stranger access. This is passed from 
the father to the eldest son and has been kept so secret up to the very present, 
that nothing of it has penetrated into the public [awareness]" Horodezky 
himself uses the designation "secret teaching" for this oral tradition! In another 
passage of his book, Horodezky cites the statement of the Rabbi Abraham (377) 
Abu-laffia (1240): "The traditional teachings are for the fools," said this Rabbi, 
"the secret teachings are for the clever ones. . ." Furthermore, the former Rabbi 
Neophyte (Noe Weinjung) speaks in the year 1803 of a secret blood-ritual, 
knowledge of which is permitted to be passed only from the father to his son. 

In the Kurzgefafiten Religions- und Sittenlehre fur die israelitische Jugend 
[Abridged Religious and Moral Teachings for Israelite Youth], revised by Dr. G. 
Wolf (8th improved edition, Vienna, 1892, Alfred Holder, "royal and imperial 
court printing house"), the following portentious sentence is found (p. 15, §6): 
"Aside from the commandments and laws which the Holy Scripture contains, 
religion prescribes for us still [other] commandments, which have been passed 
down from tradition." 

On page 83 of the Israelitische Glaubens- und Pflichtenlehre, Leitfaden beim 
Religionsunterricht der israelitischen Jugend [Israelite Teachings of the Faith and 
Duty, Manual for Religious Instruction of Israelite Youth] of Leopold Brauer (5th 
edition, 1876 ~ both books of instruction were registered by the authorities as 
safe!), it says: "Judaism recognizes, apart from the written law, an oral 
transmission, still originating from Moses, or tradition, which explains the written 
law and states the further conditions for these practices. . .AH lawful regulations 
and prescriptions issuing from the Sanhedrin (High Council) were propagated until 
toward the end of the second century after the beginning of the common 
chronology [i.e., A.D. or C.E. = Common Era] by practice and oral tradition in 
the schools, from generation to generation. The writing down of the same was 
even forbidden, as contrary to law." 

How very much has Jewry always feared a serious non- Jewish scientific 
occupation with its literature of Law (Talmud, Schulchan aruch, etc.), is shown 
especially graphically by the case of the German scholar Eisenmenger. This 
Orientalist, who died in 1704 as a University professor in Heidelberg, had studied 
Judaism and its literature most thoroughly in Amsterdam ~ according to the 

information of Theodor Fritsch(7) he had gone to the Rabbis under the pretext of 
desiring to convert to Judaism, "since [he said] his studies in the Jewish writings 
had so much (378) attracted him," asked for instruction in the Jewish reUgious 
books, and was actually instructed for several years in the key writings of the 
Hebrew texts. In 1700, Eisenmenger published ~ or rather attempted to publish ~ 
what he had written down of his nearly twenty years of studies conducted with 
such immense industry, in the two volumes of his Endecktes Judentum [Judaism 
Discovered^ But hardly had it become known that such a work was being 
published, when the Notary of the Jewish community at Frankfurt-am-Main, 
Simon, reported on 22 May 1700, on behalf of the Jewish President of the 
Community, to the regional Rabbi of Vienna and Chief Imperial Court Factor (!) 
Simson Wertheimer about this event: "As is being said, a book is supposed to be 
printed in High German, by the name of Endecktes Judentum, in which without a 
doubt many slanders (!) to Judaism were allowed into print. Now it is known how 
easily we Jews can fall into quarrelling, because we Jews have so many enemies at 
any time. In particular, because the book is supposed to be printed in High German, 
it's to be feared that great disaster could come out of this. Whether it would be 
useful that the gentleman in Vienna wanted to present this suitably to reliable 
friends, in order to prevent this evil. . ." 

The first edition of the year 1700, of 2050 copies, which Eisenmenger had printed 
at his own expense by Joh. Philipp Andrea in Frankfurt a. M., was actually 
confiscated already on 21 July 1700 by the Kaiser at the behest of the Frankfurt 
Jews and deposited in the Frankfurt poorhouse, after the author had rejected a 
Jewish offer of 10,000 Taler for stopping the printing [of the book]. For a 
payment of 12,000 Ducats, the jews received the "right" of confiscating the 
"dangerous" book even in private homes, should they find it there! However, after 
Eisenmenger had died a"a sudden death" in total impoverishment during the trial 
proceedings with the imperial authorities. King Friedrich I of Prussia let the book 
be printed anew at his expense in 1711 in Konigsberg, where the Kaiser had 
nothing to say about it; afterwards, this new edition which had come into existence 
thanks to the generosity of a Prussian king, disappeared but for a few copies, in the 
well-known mysterious fashion, attained the status of a rarity, and then fell to 
oblivion(8) ~ we recall (379) that these events always repeat themselves when 
Jewry feels itself struck in its innermost being by publications! 

If we nonetheless do not wish to go into the researches of Eisenmenger at this 
juncture, this is to spare ourselves the objection of basing our work on possibly 
outdated material! 

Here we wish only to emphasize: Jewish laws, viewed from a racial- and religious- 
psychological perspective, are a truly infernal manifestation of the Jewish spirit, 
preaching only hatred and ruin toward non-Jews. Regarded from this vantage point, 
a further expression of the racial soul, which till now was taken much too little note 
of, conceals the most valuable information: it is the festivals, for in these all the 
characteristic emotions are made manifest. Indeed, what tones of feeling our 
German festivals and celebrations hold! An immeasurably rich folk-soul holds 
sway here, where it believes itself to be most undisturbed and and most private, in 
its own beauty, simplicity and purity for uncounted generations. 

In scarcely imaginable, eternally unbridgeable contrast to this are the Jewish 
festivals and celebrations: these, too, know only one thing: hatred to the point of 
extermination, the hatred of the racially and thus spiritually depraved toward all of 
an elevated or refined character. 

In the mythology of all people with a culture, the sun enjoys divine reverence; but 
it is extremely distinctive that the Jews themselves regard themselves as expressly 
"moon people." The University Professor S. Passarge, Hamburg, writes as follows 
in his highly interesting introduction to the Buck vom Kahal {{Book of the Kahal] 
(9) in relation to the lunar nature of the ghetto Jew: "Just as the moon constantly 
turns toward men only one side and conceals the other from his gaze, just so many 
people and organizations have a front side turned to the outer world . . .but the 
back, on the other hand, corresponds to the true nature of the entity concerned. 
Such 'moon natures' make the greatest effort (380) to hide their reverse side. On 
this point they are extremely sensitive and feel themselves threatened in their 
existence by its revelation. That is easily understandable, for criminals and 
members of secret societies possess the 'moon nature.' ~ "The deeds of the Jews 
and their morals are not known to the world. People believe they know them, 
because they've seen their beards. But they have seen nothing other than these 
beards. Besides, they are still now, as in the Middle Ages, a wandering mystery" 
wrote Heinrich Heine! 

In Xanten the "honest citizen" Buschhoff took delight in bowling with his bowling 
cronies on the evening after the blood-murder. ~ The Jewish girls Caspary and 
Tuchler in Konitz displayed themselves as "good citizen" dance-lesson daughters, 
who had the instruction to hold onto the ritual-slaughter victim Winter. ~ "Good 
people" sent a shotgun to the little Andrei in Kiev, but forgot to give him the 
powder with it, so that they could lure him that way on a determined day. ~ 
"Distinguished" Jews of Damascus were numbered among the "circle of friends" 
of Father Thomas for decades, the same Jews then butchered him in a back room. . 

Twelve "moons" determine the Jewish year: "You have made the moon, to divide 
the year according to it" (Psalm 104, 19), and the Jewish festival calendar is also 
based upon the course of the moon: "according to the moon man reckons his 
festivals; it is a light that wanes and waxes again" (Sirach 43, 6 etc.). 

The festival of the New Moon was still celebrated every month by the Jews of 
Eisenmenger's times (around 1700); on the occasion of the ritual-murder of Tisza- 
Eszlar in the year 1882 among other topics being talked about was the fact that the 
Jews of the remote TheiB village were observed at nocturnal, periodically repeated 

On the day before the Day of Atonement (the middle of September), the highest 
Jewish holiday, according to the testimony of the Jew Berliner the symbolic hen 
sacrifice (Kapporah) is still performed in a home ceremony during modem times: 
According to the sex of the [family] member, a rooster or a hen is taken in hand 
and swung three times around the head [of the person performing the rite], while 
three times the words are repeated: "Let this be a substitute for me. . .let it go (381) 
to its death, and may I enter into a long life of good fortune." This ritual custom has 

the name Kapporah (10) . In the Haggah (appendix) to the Schulchan aruch (11) 
{Orach Chaiyim § 605) Moses Isserles, whose prescriptions still possess normative 
authority today, according to Bischoff, says the following: "Today the custom is in 
use in all nations. No one is allowed to change it, for it is has become firmly 
incorporated. One takes a rooster for every male and a hen for every female person. 
For a pregnant woman, one takes a hen and a rooster. . ." After being subjected to 
the Kapporah swing-around three times , the animal is ritually slaughtered 
following Satanic tortures. "It is customary to throw the entrails upon the roof, so 
that the birds eat them" (Sheftelowitz, p. 34, etc.). ~ "One throws the entrails upon 
the roofs or in the yard, from where the birds are able to bear them away" (Moses 
Isserles). The ritual-slaughtering forms the core purpose of the ceremony, and 
therefore the pouring out of the blood of the victim! 

According to the testimony of the Syrian Jewess Ben-Noud, in the Jewish families 
of her native country the Kapporah-htn was tormented with the wings nailed down 
and in a thousand ways before the ritual- slaughter by long needles, nails, and the 
like, under horrid curses. Ben-Noud says further: "If they (382) could crucify a non- 
Jew instead of a rooster, their joy would be all the greater. . .the most timid Jews 
display the wildest fanaticism on this occasion. " (12) 

Antonius Margaritha, the son of the Chief Rabbi Margoles of Regensburg, in his 
book Der gantz Judisch glaub {The Complete Jewish Faith], published in 1530, 
says of this (p. 35), that in the opinion "of old Hassidim," a still more effective 
sacrifice is made possible if an ape is taken for such a sacrifice, "for the same is 
most like a human being"; the most effective victim, however ~ is the non-Jew 

We know that by Jewish notions, every non-Jew ~ thus not only every Christian ~ 
is the equivalent of cattle, for according to strict rabbinical concept only the Jew is 
to be defined as a human being: "The Israelites are more pleasing to God than the 
angels." ~ "The seed of a non-Jew is like that of cattle." ~ "Whoever dines with an 
Uncircumcised man does as if he were eating with a dog; just as the dog is 
uncircumcised, so also the Foreskinned One (non-Jew)." ~ The non-Jews, whose 
souls come from the unclean spirit, are called swine." ~ "One is not permitted to 
send meat to a non-Jew, rather it is better that it be thrown in front of dogs, because 
the dog is better than the non-Jew. . ." ~ "A strange woman that is not a daughter 
of Israel, is a piece of cow." Yesaya Hurwitz writes in his work. Die zwei 
Gesetzestafeln {The Two Tablets of the Law] (Wilmersdorf, 1686, page 250b, cited 
by E. Bischoff): "Although the non-Jews have the same corporeal structure as the 
Jews, they resemble them only like an ape does a human being. . ." 

The Purim and the Pessach festivals were already considered at the beginning [of 
this book]. The Purim festival, which memorializes the treacherous slaughter of 
countless Persians committed in the kingdom of the degenerate King Xerxes 
(485/465 B.C., biblical name Ahasverus), who had succumbed to total Jewish 
influence, falls about 14 February (14 Adar), On this day the Book of Esther is 
read, which we know, of course, was presented in a glorious edition to the Chief 
Jew Cremieux, who had set free the murderers of (383) Father Thomas, ritually 
slaughtered on this Purim festival in Damascus! 

The curses of the Purim festival stretch out in monotonous repetition to the start of 
the Jewish Easter (Pessach) [Passover] "festival" on 15 Nisan (about 28 March), 
which lasts a full eight days and signifies the downright satanic heightening of 
Jewish hatred in commemoration of the affliction of Egypt. ~ Neophyte, former 
Rabbi, in his work which appeared under the title: // sangue cristiano nei riti 
ebraici delle moderna Sinagoga [Christian Blood in Hebrew Rites of Modern 
Synagogues^ in 1883 at Prato, said: "The Jews are most satisfied when they are 
able to kill children, for children are virginal and innocent. . .they ritually 
slaughter them in the days of Passover. . ." Actually, the overwhelming majority 
of victims, as we have been able to determine, are children! 

Hatred unto death ~ it is that hatred, according to the Jewish idea, as it has been 
trumpeted forth to the Jews down from Sinai against all non-Jews, it is the "quietly 
smoldering hatred imbibed with mother's milk, which is taught and nourished in 
the ghetto and the synagogues" (Neophyte- Weinjung, cited by Athanasius Fern, 
page 17) and has been precipitated out not only as an essential component of 
perhaps a minority within Judaism! 

"The mass of modern Jewry in its hatred against the non-Jews today is just as blind 
and ruthless as were the Old Testament Hebrews, striding with dry feet across the 
Red Sea; the Orthodox Jew of the 19th century is even today still the same, filled 
with fanatic bigotry, a weird being soaked in hatred of everything non- Jewish, just 
as was the Talmud-Jtw of the Middle Ages who was burned to ashes at the stake . . 

But all the hate-songs of the Jewish festivals belong, in the final analysis, to that 
"great Jewish hatred" which Cheskel Zwi-Klotzel adorned in the following classic 
words in the Janus (l4) \ ". . .Just as we Jews know of any non- Jew, that he 
somewhere in a comer of his heart is an anti-Semite and must be (384) one, so is 
every Jew, in the deepest foundation of his being, a hater of every non- Jew. I well 
prevent myself from saying 'anti-Christian,' or something similar, for perhaps our 
hatred is mildest toward Christianity, because in the Christianity of today we need 
not see a foe (15) . 

Whoever among us is not spiritually and intellectually castrated, whoever isn't too 
impotent to hate, he shares this hatred! Let it be gladly admitted that it goes against 
the grain of many a man, but that is only a proof for the vital potency of this 
hatred! I am not authorized to speak in the name of Judaism; perhaps I have never 
exchanged a word with Jews over just these things; but this custody [of words] is 
of purely legalistic form, in reality there is nothing as alive in me as the conviction 
of this, that if there is anything at all which unifies all Jews of the World, it is 
this great sublime hatred. I believe I must do without tracing out any sort of 
scientific basis, perhaps of an historical or psychological nature. I feel this hatred, 
this hatred against something impersonal, intangible, as a portion of my nature 
that has ripened in me, for whose growth and for whose development I must call a 
natural law responsible. And for that reason it seems shameless to be ashamed of 
this hatred, as a part of nature, and base and mean, to hide it. . . 

No one can question the fact that a strong Jewry is a danger for everything that is 
non- Jewish. All attempts of certain Jewish circles to prove the contrary must be 

(385) described as cowardly as they are comical. And as doubly deceitful as 
cowardly and comical! 

The reproach was made to the Jews of the Middle Ages, that they drew all gold to 
themselves and did not give it back out again. Of course one could help oneself 
easily ~ with violence. The Jews of the present are doing exactly the same thing 
with spiritual gold, we shall see whether it is possible for Germany to take it away 
from them. Whether we have the power or not, that is the single question which 
interests us, and for that reason we must strive to be and to remain a power. . . 

Jewry can only be overcome spiritually! Become strong in non- Jewry, 
stronger than we are in Jewry, and you shall remain the victor!" 

Now one must beware of positing hatred as the sole foundation of ritual-murder. 
We are thoroughly aware that it may require the research labor of entire 
generations to find an unambiguous, satisfying solution. To a much stronger degree 
than till now, for example, Jewish philosophy must be taken into account; Johann 
von Leers has performed the service of having made the research of ritual-murder 
aware of this path, in that he points to the work of the Jew Oskar Goldberg (16) . 
Yet before we accept these attempts at interpretation, which perhaps will assist in 
guiding [us to] the solution of the whole problem, it is necessary once again to 
summarize, step by step, the results attained up to now under definite perspectives. 

As has emerged from the collected historical evidence, the Jewish blood-laws find 
their application first and foremost during the Purim and Pessach revenge- 
festivals, without our wishing to say thereby that they were not applied at other 
times of the year! 

It is striking that in the places at which the blood- toll was imposed, (386) a large 
number of foreign Jews surfaces before the blood-murder, as if these had received 
secret instructions to be present at the performance of the ritual-slaughter as 
representatives of other Jewish communities. 

At the ritual-crime of Lincoln of the year 1255, a ramified murder-organization 
is already recognizable; the strands extend to London ~ a generation later all the 
Jews of England had to be arrested due to other crimes! In more recent days these 
connections allow themselves to be more acutely recognized. On the evening 
before the Jewish "Atonement" holiday of 1875, numerous foreign Jews, among 
them a ritual-slaughterer, had arrived in Zboro (Hungary) in order to seize the 
already decided-upon victim; in 1877, on the occasion of the double ritual-murder 
of Szalacs (Hungary), according to the statement of a coachman not fewer than 40 
Jews from abroad arrived, and in Tisza-Eszlar, whose Jewish population already 
consisted of perhaps a seventh of the total, the crowd of foreign Jews was 
nevertheless conspicuous when Esther Solymosi had disappeared. Likewise, in 
1895 in Hungary, a girl, the small Juliska, was ritually-slaughtered; on this day (6 
September) three wagon loads of Jews, among them a schdchter, arrived! On the 
evening after the vanishment of the boy CybuUa in Skurz, on 21 January 1884, 
numerous foreign Jews assembled in the presence of the manager, where then the 
whole night through a striking level of goings-on prevailed. In Polna the murder 
gang found a hiding place with the Rabbi and in the Jewish school ~ already there 
was reference to the role of the "limping" Jew! Konitz was teeming with Jews 

when Ernst Winter was ritually-slaughtered. Six foreign schdchter had arrived, but 
in front of the house of a Jewish resident, ten foreign Jews, probably cult officials, 
were noticed, and the station assistant of Konitz later stated under oath that there 
had never been so many Jews to arrive in the place, as around the time of the 
murder of Winter. ~ A conversation of the Rabbi Kellermann had been 
overheard: ". . .that so many devils are crawling around here?" ~ ". . .that of course 
nothing will get out. . ." At the time of the fair of Lobsen, on 31 March (!) 1913, 
when the small Kador disappeared, a large number of mostly Polish-speaking Jews 
had turned up in the near vicinity, and in (387) Kiev, the remote property of the 
Zaitsev brickyard, which was occupied only by a few families, offered a simply 
ideal place of concealment. 

In almost all cases, the victim is surveiled and selected in accordance with a plan. 
In Tisza-Eszlar they thought to have especially free rein when the "lot" was tossed 
upon the child of a widow living in the most penurious conditions. In Corfu the 
foster child of the Jew Chaim Sarda, the little Maria Desylla, had never been 
entered into the Register, and if her kidnapping had not been noticed, she could 
have been eliminated without attracting much attention. In the same year in 
Xanten, a stunningly beautiful boy, Johann Hegmann, fell into the net ~ he was 
lured into a Jewish store! In Polna the vagabond Hilsner chased after both his 
victims for a long time in pursuit of the instructions of his taskmasters in Prague or 
Vienna; Agnes Hruza, moreover, was visited and "given the once over" in her 
living quarters in Wieschnitz shortly before her death by unknown Jews. Ernst 
Winter was surveiled by his Jewish dance class acquaintances in Konitz; this 
victim therefore also seemed particularly suitable, since the parents lived outside 
the area and could not immediately order inquiries made. Young people working as 
servants, who no longer were able to live with their parents were in especial danger 
~ we recall the victims about whom Geza v. Onody and Theodor Fritsch reported! 
The "lot" finally fell to the little Andrusha in Kiev, who in order to procure the still 
missing powder for the gun presented to him by Jews, ran into the clutches of his 

The ritual-slaughter act, performed according to an exactly defined rite, is 
supposed to occur ~ as the act of sacrifice ~ before the eyes of all Jews "invited" 
to it, according to Rohling (17) ; thus, according to the testimony of the young 
Scharf, during the ritual- slaughtering of Esther Solymosi, the Tisza-Eszlar 
synagogue was nearly filled up with foreign Jews, when the girl was led to 
sacrifice by the beggar- Jew WoUner ("and when she refused, he seized her by the 
(388) hand and led her out of our apartment")! In Konitz the worker Masloff heard 
the din of voices of numerous people and in between a gurgling sound at the 
murder-cellar of the Levy property during the slaughtering of the gymnasium 
student; in the building of the Jewish Zaitsev brickyard in Kiev, numerous Jews 
were already living there already days before the blood-murder, among them the 
representative of the schdchter-dymsiy and Zaddik ("holy man") Faivel 
Schneerson, "at the naming of whom the accused Beilis wiped the sweat from his 
brow." The slaughter was in all probability carried out in the shed, which then later 
suddenly went up in flames during the machinery of investigation, which was put 
into suspiciously slow operation. Father Thomas and his servant bled to death 
within view of the heads-of- family who had come together in Damascus for the 
celebration of the Purim festival. ~ there were seven, but the number seven has a 

"holy" character for the Jews! At the horrific, in its details scarcely to be described 
torture and slaughter of the three-year-old Ivanov in Welish (1883), a half-hundred 
Polish Jews were present. At the house of the Head Rabbi Copinus in Lincoln, the 
executioners of the eight-year-old victim formed a "Justice Court" in 1255 and 
gloated over the inhuman tortures. The small Andreas Oxner, "Anderl von Rinn," 
was likewise layed upon a sacrifice-stone and bled to death in the presence of the 
Jews who stood around him. In 1529 at Bosing, the Jews were "invited" to be 
present at the ritual-slaughter of a nine-year-old child ~ "and then each one of the 
Jews stabbed the little child for a while". . .in 1540 Jewish dealers stood around the 
boy Michael Pisenharter from Sappenfeld who had been bound to a pillar and 
flayed. In 1598 a four-year-old child was ritually slaughtered in a Podolia village, 
at which the "leading" Jews of the region were present. . .During the horrible 
"sacrifice" of little Simon of Trent in the house of the Rabbi Samuel, according to 
the Jew Angelus ("Angel") "all the Jews stood around the child, who was stretched 
out upon a board placed above a small container." 

The society of the sacrificers is supposed to consist only of reliable people, who 
see something sacred in the act (389) and ~ can keep their mouths shut! For this 
reason, women, youths, and children are not supposed to be drawn into the actual 
act of slaughter. In the year 1452 the adolescent son of a Jewish physician had been 
present at the slaughter of a two-year-old child and had even enjoyed some of the 
fruits which had been dipped in the blood of the victim: "and for him it was as if 
his intestines wanted to be heaved out of him. . ." Throughout the years this picture 
of horror pursued him, until he made a complete confession and converted to 
Christianity (18) . In Easter time of 1540 a Jewish child reported about the torture 
of little Michael: "This dog howled for three days long. . ." The five-year-old son 
of the Jew Abraham blabbed out to a shocked court about the death of Andreas 
Takals. The offspring of the temple servant Scharf in Tisza-Eszlar threw the 
Jewish stage- direction into confusion! Through the keyhole of the synagogue, 
Moritz Scharf had seen and was so stunned by the sight, that he broke down and 
before the examining judge Bary, gave to the protocol a comprehensive report, and 
a Konitz Jewess wrote that letter in which, in contrast to her racial comrades, she 
maintained that this indeed was murder! 

"And your death shall be with a blocking of your mouth like a beast, that dies and 
has not voice or speech." Gruesome tortures precede the actual slaughtering. In the 
Trent ritual-murder trial of 1475, the Rabbi Samuel testified that it is necessary 
that the victim give up the ghost while being tortured; otherwise the blood is no 
good! {Est necesse, quod ille puer moriatur in tormentis; aliter ille sanguis non est 
bonus.) [It is necessary that that boy should expire in torment; else that blood is not 
good.] In this case the victim, ''ille puer,'' the boy Simon, was stabbed with needles 
and portions of his flesh were ripped away with tongs while he was fully 
conscious, at which [events] they spoke and sang in Hebrew: "So may all the 
enemies of Israel be destroyed. . ." 

We do not wish to let those images of the horror arise again: the stabbed and cut up 
body of the victim resembled, for the most part, (390) a single wound ~ "and the 
entire body so badly abused, that itself it seemed to be one entire wound. . ." : On 
the body of the seven-year-old Simon KiereHs, tortured to death in Vilna in 1592, 
over 170 wounds were counted ~ aside from the many piercing wounds which 

Jewish executioners had inflicted upon him under the nails of his fingers and toes; 
the corpse of a five-year-old boy, discovered in 1826 on a highway near Warsaw, 
showed over 100 wounds as signs of the withdrawal of blood. . . 

The victims have often been sexually abused, such as Ludwig van Bruck, in 1429; 
Szydlov in 1597; Andreas Takals in 1791; even this is to be understood as a 
symbolic act. 

Then the schdchter gets to work; in his capacity as designated Jewish cult official, 
he reads out a prayer of praise, part of it before and part of it following his "holy 
act," in which he promises sacred silence and vows to God to that he will perform 
(19) the same act ~ daily, if he can. 

In most cases, as for example in Damascus (1840), the act of slaughter occurs 
approximately at sundown; it is the time for which {Exodus 12: 6) the slaughtering 
of the "Paschal lambs" is prescribed. . . 

In Kiev Faivel Schneerson surfaced, and in Polna Hilsner himself performed the 
slaughter in both ritual-murders after the ritual- slaughter knife had been delivered 
to him from outside the area; the so-called "crooked" Jew, that Galician monster 
who then surfaced again a year later in Konitz, would probably not have been one 
of the lower cult officials, such as a precentor (cantor), schdchter (schochet) [ritual- 
slaughterer; the second term, schochet, is Hebrew], or circumciser (mohel), but 
rather, to judge by the fearful anxiety with which [making] further statements about 
his person was avoided, and the deference shown to him, a very highly-placed 
"personality" who had been sent for the supervision of the ritual and who 
possibly was in contact with those Hassidic "holy men" to which group the 
Schneersons also belonged. ~ The witness Marie Pernicek, who had given her 
evidence concerning these Jews to the protocol, (391) was poisoned (20) . In 
Damascus, the Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh had been present at both ritual killings, 
and the Karolyer Rabbi was consulted for the nocturnal ritual-slaughter of 
Andreas Takals in 1791. The Jews retreating through the Inn Valley in 1462 had 
brought along a rabbi, and the ritual slaying of Simon of Trent in 1475 and of 
Hugh of Lincoln in 1255 were performed in the houses of rabbis. Even these few 
examples suffice to show that at all times the ritual act of slaughter was and is 
most carefully supervised. 

Often, the schdchter of the surrounding area arrive at the place of slaughter 
together; in Konitz, for example, it was proven that not fewer than six outside 
ritual-slaughterers appeared at the time of the blood-murder of Winter; in the case 
of Damascus, where apparently a schdchter was not immediately reachable, the 
Jewish barber was sent for! In Tisza-Eszlar, an eyewitness, the young Scharf, 
likewise discovered several schdchter had appeared from the surrounding area. 

A man who, in his native Hungary, had come to know this murder pestilence in all 
its manifestations, the Knight Georg von Marczianyi, wrote the following about 
the Jewish ritual-slaughterers: "Despite all of the enlightenment and all the 
humanitarianism-pap of the 19th century, which has become a very effective 
slogan for a millennium of superstition and fanatic religious hatred, so that it has 
darkened the progressive spirit of the times with its kosher prejudice, like spider 

webs obscure with their network of threads the window nooks of seedy apartments, 
the Jewish ritual-slaughterer has remained a ritual-slaughterer: a traditional 
creature from out of gray antiquity, with long peyes [earlocks, which Orthodox and 
particularly Hassidic Jews believe to be prescribed by Mosaic Law], grease- 
dripping kaftans, and full of the most bigoted superstition." (21) 

The circular cut of ritual-slaughter carves the tissues of the neck down to the 
cervical vertebrae and simultaneously the large neck vessels which lead to the 
brain, exactly in the same way that the Jewish ritual- slaughterers of cattle still to 
this day slaughter the (392) unstunned beast. The non-Jew, too, is of course merely 
an animal, which receives its ritual consecration only through the fact that it is 
offered to Yahweh as a pleasing sacrifice! "In order to execute the act of ritual- 
slaughter," says the Jewish medical officer Dammann in his Gutachten uber das 
judische Schlachtverfahren [Expert Opinion Concerning the Jewish Procedure of 
Ritual-Slaughter^ (Hanover, 1886), "the schdchter stretches the skin of the neck 
with his left hand and quickly makes a cut somewhat below the larynx, through the 
tissues of the neck with the razor-sharp knife held in his right hand ~ so deeply, 
that he penetrates to the vertebral bones. By the same (cut), the skin, the windpipe, 
the esophagus (gullet), the veins and arteries, as well as the nerve trunks which 
accompany these large vessels, are completely severed. In the beginning, the blood 
streams out massively from the opened vessels, then gradually more sparsely. . ." 
Dr. Steiner, as an example, who as the chief doctor saw the body of little Hegmann 
in Xanten on the evening of 29 June 1891, was convinced "that was a very sharp, 
large instrument with which the crime must have been done," since all parts of the 
neck down to the cervical vertebrae had been cut through. 

In the Polna ritual-murder trial of 1899, according to the existing protocols, the 
court physician Dr. Prokes in Kuttenberg determined that the ritual-slaughter cut 
could have been performed only by an expert hand and only with a long, sturdy, 
and very sharp instrument which left behind completely smooth wound edges and 
thrust down to the cervical spine. The second forensic expert witness. Dr. 
Michalek, reached the same conclusion. 

This method of killing makes possible a complete running out of the blood from 
all blood vessels, since the heart still continues to keep the blood moving even after 
the neck is cut: the blood is, so to speak, pumped out of the body through the 
opened arteries until death by exsanguination intervenes. While the autopsy of 
those who died [as victims] in the usual types of murder cases yield the finding that 
the blood in the blood vessels is still present aside from that which ran out directly 
through the fatal wounds, the bodies and/or body parts of the victims who bled to 
death under the ritual-slaughter knife show themselves to be absolutely empty of 
blood! As we have seen, this evidence, confirmed by plentiful, strictly objective 
medical expert opinions in many centuries, stands unshakably firm (393) and can 
in no way be impaired or reduced in its significance: to the murderers, what matters 
is gaining the blood of their victims, without, insofar as it is possible, leaving any 
behind. The blood flowing out is caught as carefully as possible; thus, at the scene 
of the slaughter of Agnes Hruza in the Brezina Woods at Polna, only the most 
insignificant traces of blood ~ spatters ~ were to be discovered, according to 
official findings. The traces of blood in the barn at Xanten proved to be merely 
traces of secondary blood from the child's body having been dragged there. The 

blood of Esther Solymosi, according to the testimony of the young Scharf, flowed 
at first into an earthenware plate (more probably a bowl), which then was emptied 
into a saucepan; the blood of Father Thomas was caught in a large bowl "without 
there having been a drop lost" (protocol statement of the barber Soliman). The 
blood of the servant, Ibrahim Amara, was poured into a large white bottle from 
out of a copper bowl by means of a tin funnel (testimony of Murad-el-Fattal). The 
blood of the small Simon of Trent filled "one and a half pots" (unam scutellam 
cum dimidio). In the year 1235, on Christmas Day, Jews of Fulda collected the 
blood of the five (!) children of a miller in prepared pouches; in 1267 the ritual- 
slaughter victim, a little girl, was layed upon linen which had been folded over 
several times and, according to the same collection of documents, her blood was 
caught up by the bedding (Aronius). In 1452 the blood of a two-year-old child 
killed at Savona flowed into ritual containers, like the blood of the ritually- 
slaughtered "Anderl of Rinn" in 1462. The blood of the nine-year-old MaiBHnger, 
tortured to death in Bosing on Ascension Day of 1529, was sucked out from the 
body by means of quills and small ''Rohrle'' [tubes] and collected into bottles. 
Likewise collected in bottles was the blood of the three-and-a-half-year-old 
Russian nobleman's son, who had bled to death on Good Friday 1753 in the 
vicinity of Kiev under [the knife of] his schdchter, . .The Jewess Ben-Noud found 
a large brass vase in the house of relatives, "which the Arabs call a laghen,'' totally 
filled with blood after she had noticed a short time before the bodies of two ritually- 
killed boys hanging on the roof! ~ And these few examples can be multiplied. 

According to Lyutostansky, (Die Juden in Rufiland {The Jews in Russia]), the 
Polish Jews also employed so-called rolling barrels in order to obtain the blood of 
their (394) victims. This will always have been the case when no Schdchter was 
available. The victims, mostly children, were tied up and then rolled back and forth 
for a long time in barrels which were densely outfitted with nails, knives, and other 
sharp objects, until the completely cut and pierced body had given all its blood. 
This procedure was also generally known in the Orient and was never requited! 

For Germany, we can detect one case where Jews employed this procedure: it was 
the Breslau child-murder of the year 1453 (22) . 

It has to be striking that the Jewish murderers, who otherwise acted so shrewdly, 
did not, in one single case in all these centuries, get rid of or hide the bodies of 
their ritually-slaughtered victims so that there were no remains, be it by burying or 
burning, so as to erase the traces of the crime, but on the contrary, disregarding any 
precautionary measures, they did not trouble themselves further, and indeed, 
actually put them on public display! At most, they sunk the bodies in swamps, 
canals, lakes, or in the sea. Thus a stabbed and cut child's body was discovered in 
1244 at the cemetary of St. Benedict in London, and in 1247 the cut-to-pieces 
body, empty of blood, of the two-year-old Meilla was thrown into the city ditch of 
Valreas. The abused body of the schoolboy Conrad was found in a Thuringia 
vineyard in 1303; in 1503, D. Johann Eck saw near Freiburg the child's body 
which had been discovered "in the woods"; a peasant woman found the little 
MaiBlinger among thorn hedges in 1529, and in 1590 and 1592 ritually- 
slaughtered children's bodies were come upon, lying in the open, in the small town 
of Szydlow and in Vilna; in 1744, a father found his abused and ritually- 
slaughtered child lying on a tree trunk in the Kaltener forest at Eppan (Tyrol). In 

1826 a boy's body, drained of blood and disfigured, was lying on a highway near 
Warsaw. The corpses of the Hungarian Szabo children were squeezed into the box 
of a fire engine in 1877. The mutilated body of Franziska Mnich (1881) had been 
hurled into a forest ravine! Thrown into wells (395) were, for example, the bodies 
of the victims in Lincoln (in 1255), Uberlingen (Baden, 1332), Damascus (in 
1890), Kaschau (1891). The bodies of Father Thomas and of his servant were 
dismembered and tossed into a sewage canal of the Jewish Quarter; the young 
Hungarian woman Sipos was pulled out of the Turr-Canal in 1879; the 
dismembered corpse of the boy CybuUa in Skurz was found under a bridge 
outside of the village, after the schdchter Josephson had been observed there in the 
gray of morning with a heavy sack on his back; the body of the little Johann 
Hegmann was layed upon the hay of a bam in Xanten so challengingly, that 
anyone who walked through the bam door absolutely had to come across it! In 
Corfu the mutilated body of Maria Desylla was set down in a hallway. The corpse 
of Marie Klima, discovered in the Brezina Woods, and of Agnes Hruza, were 
covered only superficially with bmshwood, in the direct vicinity of a heavily used 
path. The torso of the gymnasium student Winter was sunk in a city rinse basin; 
other body parts were found scattered all across the entire area of the city! The 
mutilated corpse of Helene Brix disappeared into the Neuendorfer Lake in 1910 
near Stettin, and in 1911 the empty-of-blood body of Olga Hagel was pulled from 
the Breitensteiner Lake (West Pmssia); in 1912 someone stumbled upon the blood- 
emptied body of the merchant's apprentice Stanislaus Musial in front of a house in 
Posen in the early morning hours of the first day of the Pentecost holidays; the 
dismembered and blood-empty corpse of the twelve-year-old Elma Kelchner was 
stuffed in a sack and set down upon open land in Ludwigshafen, and in 1911 the 
cut-up and blood-drained body of the little Andrusha had been displayed, so to 
say, publicly in a clay pit in Kiev: "The body was not hidden, but on the contrary, 
to a certain degree publicly displayed, as if they wanted to say: here, see, we have 
the power! We will prove it to you! Who dares to come up against us? We are all- 
powerful. . ." (23) 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


Page 2 


In his day, a Masaryk believed that the circumstance that the body of Agnes 
Hruza, for example, was only superficially concealed, (396) had to be interpreted 
as proof of Jewish innocence. In the year 1900 he wrote as a representative of the 
European Intelligentsia as follows about this: "And finally, it must be once again 
and urgently emphasized: the body of Agnes Hruza was not in the least concealed, 
on the contrary, it was downright obtrusively, so to speak, put on display. Secret 
ritual-murderers could never have dealt with their victim in this way; I repeat, the 
place where the body was discovered was clearly so selected with the intention that 
the murder could be ascribed to perpetrators from Polna. The covering of the body 
with four flimsy spruce branches originated quite obviously more from the need of 
a certain piety, than the aim of hiding the body . . . (24) But Theodor Fritsch 
correctly assumed in this connection that here, too, ritual- symbolic motives were at 
work. Actually, in the year 1598 ~ which could not have been known to Fritsch ~ 
in a Polish ritual-murder trial on the occasion of the blood-murder of Woznik in 
the Podolia province, to which a four-year-old child of a peasant from Smirzanov 
fell victim, a Rabbi explained at his interrogation that Jews are not allowed in any 
instance to bury one of the goyim, because they would thereby pollute themselves 
by this act and burden themselves with a deadly sin (25) . 

The final and most important question, which concerns the use of the blood, has 
often been answered in a totally distorted and superficial manner. According to our 
findings up to this point, to begin with, a symbolic act of sacrifice will also have to 
be the basis for the ritual use of the blood. 

In 1247 (26) the Jews in the little city of Valreas, which belongs to what is now the 
Department of Vaucluse, took the blood from a two-year-old girl-child with 
horrific accompanying mutilations, after they had nailed her to a cross, on 26 
March, which was the Tuesday of Easter week. Thanks to an energetic capture, 
some of the Jews of this province could be convicted. The Jew Burcellas, when 
asked what they wanted to do with the blood, confessed (397) "that in olden times 
the High Priest had sprinkled the blood of a bull upon the altar"; the Jew Lucius 
added to this, that, if a child had been obtained, they would want to make from the 

blood a sacrifice, so to speak (quasi sacrificium), and that they would be 
obligated to send some of the blood to other Jews, and that the child actually was 
supposed to have been crucified on Good Friday, but they had not been able to 
keep it hidden that long and because of this they killed it during the night on 
Wednesday. The words that appear in the interrogation protocol, quasi sacrificium, 
Lucius explained by the additional statement that the Jews were not able to 
produce a real sacrifice, because they no longer had a temple. According to Lucius, 
the symbolic sacrifice of a non-Jew = cattle, enters the picture, whose blood is 
"sent on" to others, i.e., to Jews not living in the region, so as to allow these to 
participate directly, so to speak, in the sacrifice! "For, though Yahweh took our 
temple away from us, he nevertheless has left us a substitute for it, which 
enlightens the soul still more, namely the shedding of the blood of the goyim 
onto a dry stone before the face of Yahweh. " (27) Thomas Cantipratanus 
(named from the cloister Cantimpre at Cambrai, died around 1263), living around 
the same time, answered the question of why the Jews have to shed Christian blood 
each year, as follows (28) : "It is, you see, quite certain, that they cast lots each year 
in every province, as to which community or city is supposed to furnish the 
other communities with Christian blood. . ." It is obvious, that H. L. Strack had 
himself a very delicate task in devaluating this and further historical evidence to 
the favor of the Jews. 

At the Trent ritual-murder trial of 1475, a Jew living in Feltre, who later 
converted to Christianity (Johannes Christianus de Feltro), swore that his father, 
in days gone by, had been a schdchter in a city in Germany and had told him that 
40 years ago the Jews of Landshut, where his father had then been living, 
murdered a Christian boy with the aim of getting possession of his blood. On the 
first day of Easter (398), before the evening meal, his father regularly mixed some 
drops of blood in a glass of wine and, with gruesome curses, sprinkled the table 
with it. He knew this from his own experience [he said] but this occurred always in 
the greatest secrecy. 

Athanasius Fern (29) describes this ceremony as follows: "The Paterfamilias pours 
some drops of the fresh, or a substance of powdered, blood into a glass, dips the 
finger of his left hand in and besprinkles ('blesses') everything that is on the table 
with it: 'therefore, we ask Yahweh, that he might send the ten plagues to all 
enemies of the Jewish faith.' At this, they dine, and the father of the family intones 
at the end of the meal: 'Therefore (like the child, whose blood the bread and wine 
contain) may all goyim go down to destruction!'" Purim and Easter wine are 
especially valuable when they contain the blood of non-Jews: Thus, as these are 
consumed, Yahweh might consume, exterminate, "devour" all that is non- Jewish! 
"You shall devour all the peoples, whom the Lord your God gives unto you, and let 
not thine eye look upon them with mercy" {Deuteronomy 7: 16). . ."For we shall 
devour them like bread" {Numbers 14: 9). 

The Trent ritual-murderers were ~ as is known ~ questioned separately. Israel, 
the son of the Rabbi Samuel, in whose house the synagogue was located, 
confessed as chief witness that various Jews had complained that this time they 
were not able to bake any Easter bread (sacrificial meal), since none of them had 
blood from non- Jews in stock. In answer to the question as to for what the blood 
was necessary, Israel replied: "that their faith teaches them that they would smell 

bad if they did not include Christian blood in the Easter bread." This "bad smell" is, 
in this case ~ and, to be sure, only in this case ~ to be taken figuratively, since, 
according to Israel, "the Rabbis want to express by this, that the Jew who does not 
use Christian blood offends against the Law". . .To the question, what meaning 
inheres in the enjoyment of this blood, and why the Jews eat it in Easter bread, 
Israel relied: "that this symbolizes a commemoration of that blood, of which 
Yahweh spoke to Moses, when he commanded him, during the time when the Jews 
were in the captivity of Pharaoh, to sprinkle the thresholds of their houses with 
blood. . ." 

(399) The judges also wished to know how much blood was taken from the victim. 
Israel answered: "One and a half pots full." The blood tapped from the boy Simon 
was supposed to be distributed among the co-religionists in other lands. 

The remaining accused confirmed and/or supplemented this exposition. The Jew 
Angelus knew that non- Jewish blood also was employed for staunching the 
bleeding at circumcision. The Master Joseph, [he said] who lives in Riva and has 
circumcised his sons, has constantly been supplied with non- Jewish blood. But 
once he did not have any, so as a "substitute" a dark red, liquid tree resin, which 
has the name "dragon blood" (sanguis draconis) was used. H.L. Strack also heard 
a rumor of the use of this "dragon blood," which he determined on further inquiry 
to be resin from a kind of palm tree native to Farther India, and, with relief, 
grasped at the existence of this (note well!) substitute remedy in his "expert 
opinion" given for the release of the ritual-murderers at the ritual-murder trial of 
Tisza-Eszlar, in which he writes: "Also, ignorance of the dragon blood used for the 
healing of the wound of circumcision, has given rise to the formation of the 
erroneous opinion that the Jews need Christian blood." (30) In such a way were 
"expert opinions" rendered, although Strack was very well acquainted with the 
Trent evidence! 

The old Samuel, the proprietor of the murder-house, determines the age of a ritual- 
slaughter victim as follows: ". . .it is better if the child to be slaughtered is not more 
than seven years old. . .a girl-child is only suitable for sacrifice if she is a virgin . . 
." The forensic medical autopsy of Agnes Hruza had yielded the fact that the victim 
had remained unmolested. . . 

Asked about the time of slaughter, Samuel explained: "The victim can be killed at 
any time, but it is more pleasing to God (Yahweh!) if this occurs shortly before 
Easter. [He said that] he did not learn this from the Scriptures, but heard it from 
Master David Springer, who had taught at Bamberg and Nuremberg. . ." Here the 
Rabbi Samuel produced an additional (400) proof for our above-mentioned 
exposition that the compromising ritual- slaughter prescriptions are passed down 

The eldest male of the Jewish community, Moses, an eighty-year-old gray-beard, 
who had lived in Germany earlier and had come to Trent from there, told that, 
among the Jews, he who uses the most Christian blood also enjoys the most esteem 
(illejudeus magis laudatur, qui plus utitur de sanguine pueri christiani). Asked for 
his further expositions and to go into details about the use of the blood, about 
which he would know all, Moses answered still more clearly than the Rabbi 

Samuel: "Concerning these things, no written laws exist, but the rabbis and 
the scholars teach us, and this teaching is transmitted by means of tradition, 
from generation to generation" 

In 1494 at Tyrnau in Hungary, several Jews arrested due to a ritual-crime were 
questioned by the then Palatine and Lord of the highest court, Stefan v. Zapolya. 
An old Rabbi, on being questioned as to what, then, had actually been the cause of 
the murdering of an innocent child, gave as a fourth reason the explanation that, 
according to an old, secret commandment of the religion, the Jewish community 
was admonished to slaughter a non-Jew every year, by a sort of casting of lots, in 
order to procure his blood (31) ! 

The proceedings against the Jewish ritual-murderers in Damascus, under the 
chairmanship of the French Consul, take place 365 years after the Trent trial, and 
here likewise, the evidence given to the protocol is totally congruent in content 
with that given over a third of a millennium before at Trent ~ there is not a more 
conclusive historical proof for the effectiveness of Jewish ritual- slaughter 
instructions and their ritual expositions having lasted for centuries. 

Paul Nathan, in his book about Tisza-Eszlar, is not at a loss for an "explanation," 
even in the face of this evidentiary material; he brazenly and cheekily claims that 
the statements of their unfortunate co-religionists in Trent "tortured out" of them at 
the time, were "suggested" to the "accused" Jews in Damascus by the (401) 
"devilish" methods of the French Consul ~ but the Jewish hack leaves it up to his 
European Intelligentsia to explain, how, of all people, a Consul sitting in 
Damascus could have knowledge of the then still-missing court documents, 
composed in the judicial Latin of the Middle Ages! The Jewish barber Soliman, 
answered the question of the French Consul Ratti-Menton, what was done with 
the blood of the murdered Father: "It was needed for the festival of the unleavened 
bread." The Pasha put the same question to Isaak Harari; this man replied after 
various evasions: "We have slain him in order to get his blood, and indeed, out of 
reasons of religion, for we had need of the blood for the fulfillment of a religious 
duty . . .We put it in the unleavened bread!" ~ Aaron Harari confirmed this! The 
Rabbi Moses Abu-el- Afieh stated to the protocol: "The blood is for the unleavened 
bread; on the day, where they are baked, the Great Rabbi (in this case Jacob 
Antabli) stays standing in front of the baking oven. The Pious Ones (=Jews) send 
him meal out of which he makes bread, which he himself kneads and works in the 
blood. . .Then he sends the bread to the Pious Ones. . ." These breads were then 
sent on to Baghdad! Rabbi Moses further reported: "They were all at the 
slaughtering and were joyful, since it was a matter of performing a religious act. . 
.It is a secret of the Great Rabbi, which ones are entrusted with the how and what 
of using the blood." 

The same statements were then given to the protocol also about the obtaining and 
use of the blood of the murdered servant, Ibrahim Amara. 

But one member of the panel, the Greek merchant Chebeli, was not yet satisfied 
with the explanations of this Rabbi, he had discovered an obvious contradiction 
and put the following additional question: "You say that human blood serves for 
the celebration of the festival of the unleavened bread, yet it is known that 

according to the Jewish reUgion, blood is regarded as being "unclean," so that even 
if it were the blood of an animal, the Jews are not permitted to use such. There's 
also a contradiction in the property "unclean," which is imputed to the blood, and 
to the (402) use of the blood in the unleavened bread (matzos) ~ give us the 

The Rabbi Moses replied: "The Talmud says that two kinds of blood are pleasing 
to Yahweh: the blood of Easter and that of circumcision. . .This is the secret of 
the Great Rabbis, who are knowledgeable about the ways and means of using the 
blood ..." The Head Rabbi Antabli, asked about his opinion in connection with 
this, confirmed these statements in full scope. 

In the trial of Valreas (in 1247), the fact came out for the first time that the Jews 
are obligated to send on human sacrificial blood. Strack, in this case, too, would 
have been immediately ready with the "exonerating" retort that certainly no ritual, 
but rather, at most, a "folk-medicinal" significance, not to be taken seriously, 
would fit this [evidence] ! Typically, Strack keeps silent about what came out in 
the Trent trial concerning these matters, and diverts attention to the "document 
excerpts" of the Jew Moritz Stern, his colleague. 

In Trent, the Jew Israel, the son of Samuel, told that shortly before the Jewish 
Easter festival, several Jews had met in the synagogue located in his father's house 
and had complained over the fact that this time no Easter bread could be made, 
since no one had any supply of Christian blood {quia nemo habebat de sanguine 
pueri christiani). The examining judges "smelled a rat" and did not let loose of it, 
and after a time inquired further with the precise question: "What did the Trent 
Jews do earlier, when they had need of Christian blood?" Israel, driven into a 
comer, answered: "Approximately four years ago, he had seen a glass in his father's 
hand, which contained desiccated blood. This his father had obtained, according to 
his own statement, from a Jew who had come from Germany." 

Now the Rabbi Samuel, to whom these statements were read out, resigned himself 
to [making the] confession that perhaps four years ago he had bought "for a costly 
sum" a bottle, about a hand's breadth long, from a Jew of the name of Bar (Ursus), 
who had come from Saxony, (403) and who had had a certificate of verification 
with him by which it was certified that Bar was conducting his business (!) legally, 
and that the goods that he was carrying with him were genuine. In this certificate of 
verification (literas legalitalis) it was written in Hebrew that what he had with him 
was proper! It was signed by "Moses de Saxonia, Head Rabbi of the Jews." Bar 
carried the blood, present in pulverized condition, in an interior, tin-plated vessel 
sealed with white wax. In the layer of wax the Hebrew words were incised: 
"Moses, Head Rabbi of the Jews." Samuel, as he added to it, then set his name 
under it: "Samuel of Trent," to make known that he, for his part, joined the attested 
record concerning the reliability of the dealer. One other Jew, Engel (Angelus), 
confessed in Trent that he had bought the dry blood of a non- Jewish boy in the 
size of a bean more than four years ago, for four Lire of good coins from a certain 
Isaak from the Netherlands, out of the bishopric of Cologne; Isaak had carried 
with him the container of blood wrapped in a cloth, the blood itself had been 
clotted and in the form of a dust. Isaak then moved father on, from Trent to 

Before he came to Trent, Engel himself had Uved with his Uncle Lazzari 
(Lazarus) for seven years in Castel Gaverdi in the region of Brescia. The latter 
was in correspondence with the Jew Rizardo of Brixen concerning blood; 
Rizardo had reported that he was selling blood and offered it. 

The Jew Tobias, described in the Trent documents as a surgeon or physician (artis 
chirurgiae peritus) — he also occasionally "transacted" usury business ~ admitted 
after initial denials that years before, he had already bought dried blood, perhaps 
as much as a nut, from a Jewish merchant Abraham for a Rheinish Gulden. 
Samuel had certified the genuineness of the blood for him. Abraham carried the 
clotted blood in small pieces in a red container, presumably he had moved on to 
Feltro or Bassano. Finally, Tobias testified concerning a mysterious 
"distinguished" Jew from the island of Crete, who about six or seven years ago had 
stopped in Venice (404), around the same time that the Kaiser Friedrich III, 
followed by a great swarm of Jews, had arrived at Venice; these Jews had attached 
themselves to the imperial progress, in order to be able to procure for themselves 
untaxed wares which then, stowed away on the imperial wagons, had been 
smuggled across the borde r(32) . All these Jews were also supplied with blood, with 
which a "powerful" Jew, who constantly went about with "a large quantity of 
Christian blood," had furnished them. For the rest, the man dealt in sugar, and was 
called "Sugar- Jew" on account of this. This Jew from Crete had worn a black robe, 
which, in the Greek fashion, reached down to his feet; the universally well-known 
Jew Hossar of Cologne with residence in Venice in particular had had much 
traffic with this Sugar- Jew. 

Along the same lines was the testimony given ~ completely independently and 
under conditions of having been separated [from the others] ~ by the old Moses. 
When the judge asked the eighty-year-old Jew where, then, he always obtained the 
necessary blood, he answered that for the last ten years he had not needed to make 
any effort for it; he was no longer the father of the family. Earlier, he had lived for 
30 years straight in Speyer. There he always got blood from an Alsace Jew, Isaak 
Rotpoch; but 50 years ago he had lived in Mainz, where be bought the required 
blood from the Cologne Jew Sveschint and had consumed it in the manner already 
mentioned (matzos, Easter wine). When he was asked how, then, in all the various 
places [in which he had lived] he was able to know that he really was getting 
"genuine," therefore non- Jewish blood, Moses also answered that the certificates 
of verification of the head Rabbis had confirmed it. 

The Trent documents therefore unveil, besides the details of a crime committed 
with unimaginable cruelty, further monstrous facts: 

1. There existed ~ and naturally still exists! ~ a "lawful" Jewish "trade" in 
non- Jewish blood, 

organized to the last detail, just as there has been for ages a Jewish slave 

and drug trade. (405) 

2. There are dealers in blood, equipped with rabbinical certificates of 

and who have been expressly commissioned for that purpose. 

In the Trent trial, not fewer than seven Jewish blood dealers appeared [in the 
record]: Bar (probably from Saxony), Isaak (from the region of Cologne), 
Rizardo (Brixen), Abraham, Rotpoch (Alsace), Sveschint (Cologne), and that 
frightful Jew from Crete, who can be described frankly as a wholesale dealer in 

Beyond this, we can fix the route of this blood trade on the basis of the trial 

In that 15th century, Venice was blossoming into a commercial city of the very 
first rank as trade center between Orient and Occident ; in the judgement of 
Petrarch, it was arising as the ''emporium orbis'' (world city of commerce), which 
the contemporary voice of Fabri lauded as "the most wonderful and most 
remarkable in the entire world" and a Jakob Burkhardt praised as "the jewel box 
of the world in its day," and a fabulous wealth was emerging, of industrious, bold 
traders and seafarers, who stood in striking contrast to the debt economy of the 
slothful doges — good use of the latter circumstance was made by those vultures 
who are to be found everywhere where there is already a whiff of decay despite a 
high economic bloom: the Jews. 

In no sense is it coincidental that just exactly the Venetian region of that time was a 
true Dorado of Jewish blood-murder ~ in the year 1480 alone ~ therefore, as soon 
as five years after an example had been made in Trent ~ in this area not fewer than 
three (!) children were tortured most cruelly and ritually - slaughtered Q 3 ) 
(Portobuffole, Motta, Treviso). In spite of uprisings by the people, financial- 
political reasons moved the Venetian government repeatedly to allow the Jewry as 
such, consisting in great part of immigrating Oriental elements, to remain 
unmolested, so that the Jews could live in the completely justified belief that they 
might take risks, indeed, the Doge Pietro Mocenigo even during the Trent 
investigative proceedings had made out a sort of certificate of innocence for "his" 
Jews, (406) 

while he attempted to interfere in the course of the proper hearing by means of 
declaring in a decree the Trent blood-murder to be a malicious rumor, took the 
Jews under his protection, and arranged that they should live unhindered in his 
land. This Jewish-protective decree, however, later had to be rescinded. 

In these areas ~ in the trial documents, aside from Trent, the names of Brescia, 
Feltro, Bessano occur ~ there was not only trade with the treasures of the Orient 
and the products of European, and, in particular southern German industry; among 
comrades of the faith there existed in strict secrecy the blood trade as an internal 
Jewish affair, which took the same route as the rest of the goods: the ancient trade 
route across Trent, through the Etsch Valley. By the testimony of the Jewish 
physician Tobias, a whole swarm of Jews, who had smuggled their equally 
precious and mysterious property among the other wares, had once followed an 
imperial progress: the blood of non-Jews was transported in this manner by non- 
Jews themselves, and in addition, duty-free yet! 

"In this 15th century, Man stood at the eve of the Renaissance, he invented 
printing, he discovered America; the arts and the sciences took an unsuspected 
upswing. Yet Europe was teeming with all sorts like Enselin (Lazarus), Rizard, 

Samuel, Moses, Isaak of Cologne, the Bear from Saxony, who their whole life long 
bought, sold, and used Christian blood. . ." (H. Desportes, p. 328). 

The trade of Venice with the shores of the Near East made use of for its bases the 
ideal island bridges provided by Nature: Corfu ~ Zante ~ Crete ~ Rhodes ~ 
Cyprus. Upon all these islands, in a proportion which was increasing from century 
to century. Oriental Jews were encysted who, in constant contact with their racial 
comrades sitting on the crossroads of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt, had brought the 
booming trade ~ at least as middlemen ~ into dependency upon Jewish parasites 
and were able to pocket fabulous profits. 

But from these times, the non- Jewish population on these islands never again was 
to know peace; its blood ~ in the literal sense ~ (407) is sucked out of it. In Crete 
sat the frightful shape of a blood dealer, dressed "in the Greek fashion," who also 
surfaced in Trent, supplied the Jews present there with blood and then vanished 
again. . . 

Many centuries later, however, bloody riots broke out on Corfu, Zante, and 
Rhodes, because the population had become convinced as a result of the periodic 
disappearance of children in countless cases, that the Jewish murderer is still at 
work (34) ! The ritual-murders of Damascus (1840) and Corfu (1891), which, of 
course, only became known from among the others by accident, while numberless 
others remained in eternal oblivion, threw a bright light upon these circumstances. 

In the Orient, where human life in itself is already of little value, the trade in the 
blood of slaughtered non- Jews appears to be just another line of business; 
especially the harbor cities like Alexandria, Beirut, Smyrna, Constantinople, 
with the Quarters of Balata, Galata and Pera show blood-murders in great number, 
as we were able to determine, but even these can be only a miniscule fraction of 
those [ritual] crimes actually committed. "A very highly-placed man said to me, 
that of the Oriental diplomats, not one doubted that in the East, where these cases 
of murders of Christians are very easily concealed because there is no public 
opinion there, they are much more frequent than we think. . ." (35) 

One year before the trial of Damascus, in 1839, at the customs office of 
Damascus, in a box intended for the Jew Aaron Stambuli ~ thus the blood- 
murderer and blood dealer of Damascus ~ a bottle with blood was discovered and 
confiscated; this was not given back, despite an offer of 10,000 Piasters from the 
protesting Jews. At his interrogation, the Jew in his consternation gave the 
confused statement that it was a custom with them to preserve (36) the blood of 
their great men(408). Concerning the further prosecution of the affair nothing more 
was known, according to Achille Laurent, the most that was known was that the 
head of Customs of Damascus died a sudden death! 

This clumsy kind of dispatching [of blood] has not been allowed to prevail as 
general practice, in view of the shrewdness of its originators. The refined and 
always secure lodging of the blood was done just by introducing it into the mixture 
using minimal-sized doses of it. 

The former Rabbi Noe Weinjung, bom about 1765 in Kitchenev as the son of a 

Hassidic Rabbi, and, after his baptism under the name of Neophyte, Uving in the 
Cernika monastery in Bucharest (37) , reports about his blood-practice in his 
confessions which were pubUshed first in the Romanian language in 1803, then, 
due to their importance, in Greek in 1834, and then in Italian in 1883, that one 
other cunning method of preservation and shipment consisted in keeping cotton or 
linen burned to ashes and soaked in the blood sealed in bottles in the treasury and 
secret drawers of the synagogue and constantly at the disposal of the rabbis, who 
took from it according to need or sent from it to the Jews of those lands which were 
under especially sharp police control or which nursed special mistrust or even 
hostility against the Jews due to bad experiences: the blood of the tortured victim 
was now able without peril to travel under a pharmaceutical label. . . 

That a blood trade has existed on German soil until the most recent times, can be 
inferred from the events in Xanten, Polna, and Konitz. The foreign Jew, who 
appeared with a black leather bag around the time of the murder of little Jean in 
Xanten (29 June 1891) and just as suddenly vanished again, might have had the 
same function as that "crooked Jew" who on the day of the murder of the Hruza 
girl (409)(29 March 1899) was hurrying out of the apartment of the Polna Rabbi 
clutching a container of approximately six liters capacity packed in waxed canvas. 
Already in 1529, after the ritual-crime of Tyrnau, the blood was first hidden in the 
synagogue ~ "on that account there was great rejoicing" ~ before it was handed 
over to various Jewish middlemen for further distribution. 

But even blood-dealing and blood-dealers are finally merely components of a 
System for which all of Jewry itself alone is to be made answerable before history: 
the extermination, conducted intentionally and consciously, of all that is non- 

That an important role of blood-doctrine and blood-practice belongs to the local 
center in this struggle for destruction, the synagogue, "the very own daughter of 
the Pharisaic school" (Rohling), does not need to be further proven after the 
expositions up to now. 

The "President of the Court of Appeals of the Free City of Frankfurt and Envoy of 
the four Free Cities of Germany at the Bundestag, Dr. of Theology and 
Jurisprudence, J. F. Meyer, the learned and founding trustee," believed himself 
able to dismiss these things with the following witty remark: "But as concerns the 
alleged blood-thirst, this would have been been able to be amply satisfied for many 
centuries now without killing, in any bath or barber's room; but not even one Jew 
has been found to buy blood there. No one has ever seen a Jew sampling 
blood. "(38) 

In 1693, a woman at a cattle market offered for sale to some Jewish cattle dealers a 
bowl of blood, "because she knew that the Jews like to have blood from Christian 
children. . ." The Jews, however, were craftier than this efficient business woman, 
they indignantly raised an alarm, called the city patrol and had the woman taken 
away. Before the magistrate, she confessed that she had been trading out of poverty 
in order to get a few Groschen; "it truly is human blood, but not of (410) a child, 
but from a couple of soldiers who opened a vein for the sake of their health and 
were supposed to let the blood be carried away by flowing water. . ."Now because 

such was found to be the case after inquiry, the woman was released again with 
sharp warnings to abstain from such deaUngs in the future. . ." (39) 

No, learned and founding trustee and Doctor of Jurisprudence and Theology, Jews 
buying liters of blood never have actually been seen to this day ~ we could, of 
course, repeatedly pluck these peculiar blossoms in the imaginary world of those 

But Moses Abu-el- Afieh spoke in Damascus of two kinds of blood that are 
pleasing to Yahweh, of which one is the blood of ritual-slaughter. 

We know with what stamina the Jews and their comrades, in order to defang the 
charges which involve their use of blood, call upon the minutiae of directives of the 
Talmud and other Jewish codices, around which interpretations as nit-picking as 
they are obscure are wound like tendrils, and which are supposed to keep the 
children of Israel from contact with blood ~ insofar as it is not a matter of 
sacrificial blood; Jewry has, in fact, ever felt an inner horror of this 
"unconsecrated" blood. Among one another, they wish to remain so clean of blood, 
that they do not even consume animal blood, and loathe even the blood which 
comes from the most minor wounds (e.g. blood from their gums on bread!). And 
yet ~ here their moon-nature reveals itself ~ they are the only people who conduct 
blood-politics, in the symbolic as well as the physical sense. 

There is no contradiction in the fact that, for example, in the Old Testament the 
consumption of animal blood is forbidden by religious law under threat of "divine" 
punishment, which, as such, is grasped at by theologians over and over again for 
the "refutation" of the blood-accusation ~ while the consumption of human blood 
is found to be forbidden nowhere, to say nothing of the rabbinical blood-doctrine. 
The Jews have the firm and subtle belief that social intercourse with other peoples, 
even the mere (411) gaze of an Akum (40) , materially pollutes their blood! Their 
sharp and ruthless rabbinical intelligence found an equally subtle means millennia 
ago, by which they believed to be able to purify themselves and which was, for 
later centuries, transmitted orally for the sake of caution. Olden Asiatic physicians 
already were familiar with that natural law which says that like is to be healed by 
like [i.e., sympathetic magic]. In the mechanical world, one knows that like poles 
repel each other. This general law, adopted into Medicine, is followed exactly in 
homeopathic practice by use of small, refined, counter-doses: when one feels 
infected by a sickness, one partakes of the same substance thought to be causing 
the sickness, and indeed, a dose in a specific and absolute purity and in minute 
amounts. The most modem Medicine proves satisfactorily the profound law of 
Nature, that like is healed by like, and indeed what is more striking, the smaller the 
dose is, the better the results. 

In the most refined dosing, non- Jewish blood, for example, enters into the Easter 
baking of the Jews, the matzos. Regarding the meal [i.e., in the sense of the grain 
from which bread is baked] of sacrifice, the Rabbi Samuel of Trent stated in 1475 
that the Jewish father of the family would mingle some portion of the blood from a 
non- Jewish child into the dough at the preparation of the matzos; the size of a lentil 
seed would suffice! The Head Rabbi of Damascus personally baked the Easter 
breads intermingled with the non- Jewish sacrificial blood and sent them for 

"purification" in all direction to his co-religionists. 

But this blood is especially effective, according to Jewish teaching, if it has been 
obtained under circumstances of unimaginably sadistic tortures and sufferings for 
the non- Jewish victim! "The matzos are prepared as they must be," said Samuel at 
their distribution in Trent, and those present understood what was meant by that. . 

Lazarus Goldschmidt cites a passage of the Talmud tract of the Schabbath, where 
an "emperor" asks the Rabbi Joshua ben Chananya why the Jewish Sabbath meal 
has such a pleasant aroma. The Rabbi answers: "Because we (412) have a spice by 
the name of Sabbath that we put in!" The "emperor" also wants to have some of it, 
but the Rabbi says: "It is only proper for them who observe the Sabbath. Since 
you do not do this, it would do you no good." What kind of special spice is this, 
this "spice named Sabbath," which "is of use to" only the Jews?? 

Under the date 19 January 1882, in the Archives Israelites, there is offered vin 
cascher ("kosher wine") with the express certificate of the Head Rabbi ~ we are 
reminded of the "certificates" of the Trent blood-dealers!; on 2 March, again, 
"kosher wine" {vin cascher) for the Easter feast. On 16 March 1882 we read, 
printed in a list of other notices: "Spices for Jewish Easter use: Madame Haas 
guarantees unleavened bread (matzos)." To deceive the reader unfamiliar with 
these matters, the word kosher is written in various ways: coscer, causcher, 
cascher, cascer, kascer, koscer, etc. 

The Almanach zum Gebrauch der Israeliten [Almanac for the Use of the Israelites^ 
(appeared at the time from Blum, Paris, 11, rue des Posiers) is filled with similar 
notices. Several pastry bakers supply the "customary Easter bread for the Pessach 
feast," but another says that he alone has the authority to offer everything that is 
necessary for the celebration of Pessach — And in the Orient, of course, there was 
and is the notorious mossa guesira (blood-matzos) next to the "customary" mossal 
These concordances are amazing(41}. 

Why do these things bear the certificates of the rabbis, and why not the "certificate 
of quality" of the corresponding experts, thus the bakers and vintners, if, according 
to Jewish opinion, this is supposed to be such a harmless matter? 

The Jews of our day, therefore, in confidence of the ignorance of non- Jewish 
humanity, sell in open public, their ritual Pessach and Purim breads and wines, 
furnished with the blood-certifications of their rabbis, exactly as they were 
accustomed to do in the Middle Ages! 

We now understand Heine better, when he said of his (413) racial comrades: ". . .in 
all other ways they now still are as they were in the Middle Ages, a wandering 
mystery. . ." 

On 30 March 1882 the same Archives Israelites warned the "faithful" that the 
"religious" Pessach prescriptions were of extreme importance and one ought not to 
neglect even one of them. The preparation of the matzos "demands scrupulous 
care," the women should go off during their work. "The scrupulous care, which is 
required here, the omission of not even one Pessach prescription, the removal of 

the women ~ compare with the documents of the Trent trial ~ makes one ponder. 
. .The rabbinical blood-doctrine has existed as a secret teaching, the Trent trial 
bears witness to this; it probably exists still even today. . ." (42) That woman of 
the common people, who called out to her ward, Werner, who had taken on work 
in a Jewish house around the time of Easter in 1287: "Beware of the Jews, for 
Good Friday is approaching," and six centuries later the mother of the Xanten boy, 
who called out at the news of the death of her child, with a mother's unerring 
instinct: "It was the Jews!," are more valuable witnesses than all the learned "expert 
opinions" put together. "Volkes Stimme ~ Gottes Stimme" ["The voice of the 
people ~ the voice of God"] ~ may say more than all those "Christian" theologians 
and their baptized and unbaptized Jewish relatives. 

Blood is a special sap. It also has the effect, as Nature teaches at every turn, of 
establishing antipathy, hostility. Every hunter can tell countless examples from his 
own experience to illustrate that blood, which has flowed as a result of murder-lust 
or the lust for pleasure, prevents the friendly "scenting" of creature to creature. The 
blood that we take from creatures, separates us from them; the milk they they give 
to us, forms a bond with them. A cow which gives milk to a child and a Jew, who 
ritually slaughters it, are images which have stamped themselves in the blood of 
every people throughout the generations, as an inextinguishable instinct; a child 
runs to an old cow to caress it ~ while he runs away crying from an old Jew. On 
the Lower Rhine, the girls say "when a Jew is in the village, (414) I do not go 
through the corn alone," and there were wealthy and independent peasants who, 
when one of these black-garbed beasts, one of the "fellow-citizens of the Mosaic 
faith" came through their village, became uneasy, like their cattle in the well- 
locked stall when a predator was lurking about. It is the eternal and natural "fear of 
the Jews" which the Galileans knew long ago. 

That thousand-year-old Jewish hatred, that "great hatred," is not stoked and 
nourished anew by theoretical instruction alone, but, to a much more effective 
degree, still by ~ blood. 

But the final meaning of the blood sacrifice, its final interpretation, can perhaps 
best be given by only a Jew himself. A philosophical work appeared about sixteen 
years ago, entitled Die Wirklichkeit der Hebrder. Einleitung in das System des 
Pentateuch [The Reality of the Hebrews: Introduction into the System of the 
Pentateuch], by the Jew Oskar Goldberg. This extremely rare book was made 
available only to leading Jews and was anxiously protected. "If one works his way 
through this not simply written book, it falls open to him as if unveiled before his 
eyes," was the assessment of this book by Joh. v. Leers (43) . Now Goldberg, one of 
those "Wise Men of Israel," expresses clearly that the purpose of the Jewish service 
of sacrifice is through blood, in which the biological power of life is contained, to 
keep Yahweh lastingly present. The purpose of the ritual is to hold the people 
together continually in struggle against the other Elohim (gods!), while at the 
same time suppressing the elements within the people which stem from the essence 
of the othtY Elohim (that is, the non-Jews!). "The commandments of purity . . .are 
derived for him (Goldberg) from this basic thought." (v. Leers). 

By the judgement of v. Leers, the justification for ritual-slaughter, as of ritual- 
murder, can be derived from the arguments which Goldberg gives. . . 

The presence of Yahweh, therefore, is conjured by black magic "in order to turn 
these powers against the other peoples in the wars of Yahweh. . ." 

Jew Goldberg permits us ~ to speak in the words of his colleague Giidemann (44) 
~ (415) a look into those "halls of the Jewish literature, to which, for those 
standing outside them, it is almost more difficult to gain access than many a 
princely court. . ." 

Separation from all other peoples, state-within-a-state, fodder and corruption of the 
alien blood and final reunification among themselves, that is the unextinguishable 
impulse and thought of the Jew, not to be rinsed away by baptismal water. Hostility 
between their own blood and that of the rest of the world! "And I shall put enmity 
between your seed and their seed. . ." 

The blood of the non-Jew rises up against the fanatic blood-politics of the Jews. 
Germany has been intended by History to have the leading role in this mamouth 
struggle: morality struggles against immorality, heroism against criminality, light 
against darkness, and blood against blood! 

The Jewish Question is not otherwise to be solved. Destiny seems to desire that 
each people which struggles with the Jews, ventures its best blood against Jewish 
blood, and, if it must, unto death. 

Thus has it been for millennia ~ so it is again today, only with the distinction that a 
Fuhrer and rescuer has arisen: "In that I am resisting the Jew, I am struggling for 
the work of the Lord" (Adolf Hitler). 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser, Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 1. 

(p. 419) 
Translation of the Address Given before the Vice-King of Egypt (1} 

May it please Your Highness, etc. After we in Europe heard of the accusations 
issued in Damascus against some Jews who belonged to Your Highness's subjects, 
and of the tortures and sufferings done to them in order to extract confessions, and 
because we know that our religion not only does not sanction the crime of which 
they are accused, but rather even teaches us most expressly to be horrified at the 
use of blood, we have been sent by our co-religionists in Europe to ask Your 
Highness for Justice. . . 

We come here with the most sure conviction that Your Highness, of such great 
fame in Europe due to your bravery in the Field, your wisdom in the Council, and 
your tolerance toward all good subjects without distinction, will grant our request 
with your accustomed kindness. We come without hatred, without passion, merely 
with the upright desire of bringing the truth to light. Therefore our request goes out 
to Your Highness, to impart to us the authority to go to Damascus, and there to 
initiate such inquiries which will be able to lead to the obtaining of sufficient 
evidence in respect to those accusations which have brought the entire Jewish 
population of that city into suffering unheard of till now, and so that the results of 
such investigation may be officially confirmed by the Gouverneur of Damascus 
and presented to Your Highness. That moreover. Your Highness might facilitate 
for us the means for obtaining this information, as well as grant safe conduct for 
those persons who belong to our mission, and provide full security for all parties 
who have credentials; the permission to speak with and question the prisoners as 
often as necessary, and that the authority and permission of Your Highness will be 
enforced by means of a special Firman [an edict or decree], sent to the Gouverneur 
of Damascus and officially entered into the local archives and publicly read out in 
the streets there. May we add that the eyes of all of Europe are directed upon Your 
Highness, and that the granting of our request will gratify the entire civilized 
world. It is well known (420) that the prince who has attained such a great 
reputation, treasures justice even more highly. It is an homage to your genius, to 
your love of truth, your love of justice, which has caused this deputation of all the 
Israelites of the Earth to appeal to Your Highness with confidence, in the 
consciousness that this appeal can not have been made in vain. 

Alexandria, 4 August 1840. 

Moses Monetfiore 
Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 2. 

(p. 420) 
Herr Cremieux in Vienna(2) 

Vienna (Beginning of December 1840). 

Herr Cremieux has departed for Paris, heaped with tributes, and especially, 
naturally, with evidence of the participation of the local Israelite population. Prince 
Metternich, as has also been the case with several high statesmen, has received 
with honor the defender of injured and abused humanity , which always finds 
protection and the warmest sympathy in the humanitarianism of our principles of 
government, of whatever region or religion it may be. The community of Jews has 
arranged a banquet for him, in gratitude for the protection of its brothers in Beirut, 
and not many have been seen of equal magnificence. This took place in the Hotel 
of the Roman Emperor, comprised over 80 place settings, and the arrangement was 
designed by the women, who nevertheless declined to appear there themselves. 

Before the beginning of the meal, an address of thanks of the community, which 
expressed the sentiments of the rescued human dignity of their co-religionists, 
written on parchment and read aloud by the local teacher of religion. Dr. 
Manheimer, was delivered to him. This was enclosed in a golden case and so 
abundantly set with diamonds that its value is reckoned at 14,000 Florins. The 
address reads: 

"The community of Israelites of Vienna, enspirited by the most moving sympathy 
for the sacred interests and rights of their people and faith, permeated by the 
innermost and deep respect and admiration for the noble men of word and deed, 
who have ventured themselves for these interests and rights and have proven 
themselves in the holy, glorious struggle, grasps with eagerness the opportunity 
which is offered to it here, to bear witness to its most (421) profound reverence and 
admiration for you, most highly respected sir, you, who have put yourself in the 
advance rank and have wrested the laurel of victory in this the struggle. If we 
admire all the more the gifts of words and the power of speech which God has lent 
you in fullness, the more complete and compelling its success and influence is, and 
God's Rule of Mercy is recognized in that He, in a time when intellect and talent 
have been elevated to a prevailing power, has let men arise in our ranks who are 

full of the divine spirit and know how to speak in truth and clarity with frankness 
and victorious power; if we, in a word, admire the talent which is the foundation of 
your reputation, and made you the equal as an orator and advocate to the most 
celebrated men of your class, so we revere and honor still more the noble attitude, 
the sacred zeal for the Right, which has guided you so fortunately thus far in the 
fulfillment and practice of your godly profession and in the application of these 
inestimable gifts of the spirit. You have been the representative of Right, when and 
where it was imperilled. You have bestowed your protection upon the powerful 
man, when good fortune abandoned him, and chivalrously taken on the mantle of 
fallen greatness. You have entered the lists for your co-religionists, when men 
wished to cast doubt upon their oaths and vows and thus throw suspicion upon the 
faith of Israel, and you have unburdened them of shame, annihilated the last trace 
of disgrace which still attached to them, in the nation where all barriers had been 
opened to them, yet prejudice was yet unconquered, where property and law, office 
and dignity had been granted and conceded to the Jew, yet doubt and suspicion of 
his lawfulness and loyalty had not been able to be eliminated and overcome. You 
have saved their honor and shown that religion began with Abraham and his tribe, 
which first raised its hand up to Almighty God, who has created Heaven and Earth, 
who fills the world and placed firmly upon it the pillars of the law, of justice and 
morality. You have now crowned these noble efforts, revered Sir, and everlastingly 
entered your name in the annals of the history of our people, which is as old as the 
history of the world, by chivalrously and fraternally entering the lists for the 
unfortunate victims in the battle against tyranny and religious frenzy, whose 
frightful fate was filling not only all the tribes of Israel, but also all the men of 
nobility and good will in the entire world with horror and terror. You left hearth 
and home, as the prophets of ancient times once did, traveled across the sea into 
that old land of Egypt, where plagues rage and war and discord threaten life, you 
have spoken before the powerful for your people and their faith, and you spoke as 
Moses once did to Pharaoh: 'Let go the sons of my people, who are in chains, that 
they may serve me!' You have broken the chains from the hands of those in 
bondage, you have rescued the imprisoned from out of their captivity ~ as the 
prophet (422) described it, a godly calling. You have returned those who were 
outcast to free and unbound life, you have held back the sword in its descent, 
which was hovering but a hair's breadth above their heads, and those whom you 
could not save, who departed the world under torture, and who have found their 
declaration of innocence and vindication in a higher world and before a more 
elevated seat of judgement than Man can establish. . .have God's blessing over you! 
You have fulfilled a divine commandment, which is the most sacred thing in Israel; 
You have fulfilled the commandment of Love. . .If the name Damascus, which is 
to be found listed on the first and most ancient pages of our history, has again in 
most recent days attained a gloomy fame and leaves behind memories which for us 
are as unforgettable as they are painful, so, along with it, the names of the noble 
fighters, who have brought an end to the struggle and have wrested the chains from 
those in bondage and brought the tormented to freedom, will be as immortal and 
unforgettable. The self-reliance we have won again, and the joyful consciousness 
that wherever Israel is in need and distress, and its name shamed and its faith 
ostracized, God awakens for it its heroes and fighters from out of its own midst ~ 
that consoles us for the painful experience which we have recently had, and which 
we had never expected in our century. With these sentiments we greet you as one 
of the champions in the holy struggle. And if our voices do not reach so far that 

they might also reach your noble comrade-in-arms, the high-hearted Sir Moses 
Montefiore, toward whom we have the same admiration, may this confession [of 
faith, admiration, etc.], which is the first that you have received on German soil, be 
a testimonial for you of the esteem and recognition which your efforts and 
exertions have found among your German co-religionists. We say to you, in the 
words of the Scriptures: Stride forth vigorously and courageously upon the trodden 
path ~ it shall be your glory and your honor!" 

At this juncture, Herr Cremieux, moved by this expression of gratitude, arose and 
gave an improvised speech in the French language, which, due to the beautiful 
themes which are the basis of its contents and the recognition which the speaker 
expresses for humane principles, deserves to be more universally known: 

"Gentlemen, I am greatly moved, you understand this and will not wonder if words 
fail me to express my thoughts. I was unable to hold back my tears at the sight of 
this precious empathy of my co-religionists, of the immeasurable reward of such a 
simple, such a natural action. I am an attorney and saw to saving the unfortunate; I 
am a Jew and saw to fighting religious persecution; I am a human being and saw to 
crushing [the use of] barbaric torture; was I allowed to hesitate without committing 
a crime? I did my duty and such a reward! The Israelites surround me (423) on my 
journey as in an endless triumphal procession. In Corfu I was received with 
acclamations and by wishes for good fortune; in Trieste I was surrounded by the 
sweetest, most touching sympathy; in Venice the heartiest festivals were duplicated 
for my sake; here, at last, my heart is succumbing to the feelings with which you 
have intoxicated it. I have, you tell me, carried on the sacred matter of the 
emancipation of the Jews before the law courts and the press; but indeed, I was 
defending my own hearth, and the principle of the freedom of worship, the great, 
noble principle which ties Heaven to the Earth, in that it permits each human being 
to offer to God the homage of his love according to his own belief. I took up my 
pen when the slanderers spread their poison against the Jewish religion, I called 
upon all the sympathies of noble persons to assist me; but I felt the strength of the 
Good, the Right and energy of soul; would not my silence have been an unworthy 
cowardice? I have defied the personal danger with which fanatical hatred and a 
murderous atmosphere wanted to threaten me. Having stood upright, I did not think 
of this danger; I would have answered him who would have wanted to frighten me: 
Death is everywhere, but fortunate is he who seeks a great death! Our mission has 
been crowned with success; the chains have fallen; the prisons have opened [their 
doors] to the tortured, their families have been restored to those who were in flight. 
But our cause was such a righteous one, and our right was so great! I have also 
founded schools in the Orient for the poor children who have been abandoned until 
now. But with this, I have only the merit of having understood your thoughts and 
have said to myself: it is good, that the Jews of the West unite with the Jews of the 
East through the bond of a sacred protection, whose consequences could be 
immeasurable for the cause of civilization and progress in the lands of fanaticism 
and ignorance. 

What do they, who persecute us with their bitter hatred, want with their foolish 
prejudices? Why do they reawaken, in this century of philosophy and 
enlightenment, those wretched slanders of the Middle Ages and the ridiculous 
superstitions of crude times? Do not they, who, in so many countries, still stand 

outside the law of the peoples among whom they live, possess all the virtues of free 
men, when they demonstrate such explicit, such moving, such unanimous gratitude 
toward those who demand for them the same common rights and social freedom? 
And is not the sympathy for the maliciously persecuted brothers, which was 
suddenly awakened, as if by an electric shock at every point on Earth, a great 
virtue? Does not this Jewish population, whose heart is so full of the fine feelings 
of love of relatives, deserve to live among other men and to have equal standing 
with them? What virtue do we lack. . .the love of country? 

(424) We French Israelites, we citizens of a free country, which has given us a 
fatherland, our enthusiasm is intensified in that feeling which founds a people and 
makes it great, and you, gentlemen, who only can dimly know that [feeling of] 
country, since country is the equality of rights and duties, are you not all prepared 
to shed your purest blood for the happiness of the ground upon which you see the 
light? Ach, you shall attain it, gentlemen, one day you shall obtain this precious 
fatherland, this life- within-life! And those, who will be able to call you their fellow- 
citizens, will see whether your hearts are not at one with their hearts. Indeed, Jews 
of Austria, you will get the fatherland, for in that memorable affair of Damascus, 
Austria has shown that it knows no distinction of faith, when humanity speaks. 
Austria was first to extend a helping hand to the oppressed. Ach, its power did not 
reach so far as to be able to restore to life those whom torture had murdered, but it 
stepped between the executioner and those victims whose death had been decided; 
it noble-mindedly protested against the bloody proceedings. With joy I ~ I, a 
Frenchman - call out in this capital city of the Austrian Imperial State: Honor to 
Austria! Honor to you. Prince Metternich, whose active as well as generous power 
covered like a shield those who were languishing beyond the sea; Honor to you ~ 
you, who demonstrated a sublime spirit and an exalted philosophy in this final 
struggle of prejudice against reason, and unfolded the banner of humanity before 
the eyes of the world, without consideration for politics, which always is so foreign 
to justice! The General Consul Laurin, who found in his own heart an abhorrence 
for injustice and first brought the light of his clear reason and the dedication of his 
noble heart into this bloody drama, has also shown himself to be worthy of you. . . 
Honor also to Merlato, who struggled even to the final day at the scene of the 
horrible executions(3), and did not fear to unveil all secrets of this work of 
darkness, and with tireless zeal opened himself to the ideas of the General Consul. 
Let his name be for us a revered name! 

Gentlemen, the Press, too, has forcefully supported us, the German, the French, the 
English Press; it dealt the most powerful blows to religious intolerance. The Press 
has its torches: the light terrifies fanaticism and persecution. . .the martyrs of 
Damascus will be our last martyrs. The West is making incursions into the East 
with its civilization, not merely in matters of political questions, but also in social 
issues, as a guarantee of the future of the peoples. Thank you, gentlemen, a 
thousand thanks for (425) this precious pledge of your esteem, your friendship! I 
shall keep it as a precious treasure, as a legacy for my beloved son. . ." 

The cheering of those present was boundless, and with great enthusiasm toasts 
were offered to the Kaiser and the whole Imperial House, to the Prince State 
Chancellor, to the Consuls of the Great Powers, etc., who rendered assistance in 
this affair of justice and humanity, and the celebration was inscribed 

inextinguishably in the emotions of the IsraeUtes by its many significant features. 
Furth, 4 December 1840(4). 

At the arrival of Herr Cremieux on 2 December in Nuremberg, a deputation of 
the local Israelites left to show him honor and to invite him to a celebratory meal. 
The representatives of the local congregation solemnly received him. At the 
banquet the Rabbi, Dr. Lowi, gave an address of thanks, which he delivered to him, 
together with the book of Esther, in a beautiful manuscript in an antique case. . . 

Frankfurt a. M. 

Manifold evidence of respect and reverence for the celebrated advocate of 
innocence and advancer of civilization was also produced at this local setting. . . 
On 7 December Herr. C. Kann assembled a close circle of friends and admirers of 
the celebrated man at a dinner at the end of which Herr Cremieux visited the 
lodge of the Frankfurt Eagle (5) and attended till late at night the hurriedly 
arranged supper. The Society of the Frankfurt Eagle delivered to him 1000 florins 
as a voluntary contribution for the Cremieux School in Cahira. . .Herr Cremieux 
also honored our Burgerschule [a school roughly equivalent to grades 5-10] and 
Realschule [upper grade elementary school] with his presence and attended some 
classes. Finally, a fine banquet should be mentioned, which the Society of the 
Rising Dawn arranged to (426) celebrate the noble fighter and at which about 100 
guests were present. In the gloriously decorated hall memorial tablets were 
displayed, which detailed the main events of his dynamic life.. . . With genuine 
friendliness, many accompanied the celebrated man to his quarters, in front of 
which a brilliant serenade by the members of the Society of the Frankfurt Eagle 
was prepared in his honor. 

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written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 3. 

(p. 426) 

Protocol II of 22 May 1882, 1:15 A.M. in Nagyfalu. 
Interrogation by the Examining Magistrate Bary. 

"Did you know the daughter, Esther, of Frau Johann Solymosi? If so, what did she 

look like?" 

"I knew Esther Solymosi by sight, but I only knew that she was the daughter of 

Mrs. Solymosi. The other daughter, Sophie, I knew well. The younger sister I only 

knew by sight, she looked almost like the older sister, only she was smaller." 

"How was Esther dressed at the time and did she have something in her hand when 

she came in?" 

"She had a worn-out white scarf on her head, a red scarf at her neck and she was 

wearing a light-colored jacket and a blue skirt. She had an old yellow scarf in her 

hand; my father asked her where she had been and what she was carrying in the 

scarf, and she said that she had been in the Kohlmayer arcade where Frau Andreas 

Huri, whom she was working for, had sent her to get paint." 

"Did your parents know Esther?" 

"They knew her, because they spoke to her then by name, and I also knew that she 

was called Esther; until then I only knew that she was the daughter of Mrs. 

Solymosi and was Sophie's sister and that she was working for Mrs. Huri." 

"What happened with Esther on the Saturday on which she came into your father's 


"At my father's request she took the candlesticks from the table and put them on the 

chest, after she got up on a chair." 

"Who was in the room at the time?" 

"My father, my mother, my little Geschwister [= siblings, which would be an 

unlikely term for English speakers to use to indicate their own collective brother/s 

and/or sister/s, but it is a very common noun in German] Samu and Roszi and I." 

"What happened with Esther next?" 

"After she had put the five candlesticks on top of the chest, a Jewish beggar came 

in, who had already come to us the day before (427) with two women beggars and 

a two- to three-year-old boy, and they were all staying with us till Sunday. What 

the beggar's name was I don't know, I only know that he came from Lok and was 

tall, had a black beard and was tan: he said to Esther that she should go with him 

into the synagogue and when she refused, he grabbed her by the hand and led her 

out of our apartment." 

"Did you and your parents follow the beggar?" 

"My parents stayed in the room, but I went after the beggar and saw how he went 

into the synagogue with Esther. After a while I heard screaming in the synagogue, 

I heard three or four cries for help, just like if someone had called out: 'Help, 

people!' Then I ran to the synagogue door but this was locked; now I looked 

through the keyhole, and since the key wasn't in the hole, I saw that Esther was 

lying on the floor in her slip while her clothes were on the table. The foreign 

ritual-slaughterers from Teglas and Tarczal and the beggar were holding the girl 

pressed to the floor and our present ritual-slaughterer Salomon Schwarz was 

cutting her in the neck with a knife that was somewhat longer and much broader 

than a regular table knife (6). He made a cut in her neck, and then the two foreign 

schdchter and the beggar lifted the girl up, but Salomon Schwarz held two bloody 

bowls, one after the other, under her head, in them the blood was flowing, which 

they poured into a large pan. Then they dressed the girl again. While they were 

dressing the girl, four other Jews came out of the inner part of the synagogue: 

Samuel Lustig, Abraham Braun, Lazar WeiBstein, and Adolf Junger and stood 

around the body of the girl. Now I went back to the room and told my parents what 

I'd seen. They had just sat down at the table and begun eating; when I started to tell 

them about it, my mother said to me that I should be quiet." 

"Did you still go back then into the synagogue?" 

"No, I ate with my parents at noon, until after about an hour, when the Jewish 

beggar came out of the synagogue and said to me that I should lock the door. I 

went out and saw how the schdchter from Teglas and Tarczal and Salomon 

Schwarz were leaving. I found the key in the window of the hall, and without 

looking into the inner part of the synagogue, I came back out and locked the outer 

door. In the hall I didn't see the body of Esther any longer, nor did I see any traces 

of blood any more." 

"Where then did you carry the key?" 

"Into the room and hung it on a nail." 

"How long did the key hang there?" 

"Until five in the afternoon, then I opened the door again; at first, (428) the three 

schdchter and the former schdchter Emanuel Taub, Hermann Rodenberg, and 

Jacob SiiBmann came. Later, several more came, whose names I can no longer 


"Where was the body of Esther hidden?" 

"That, I don't know" 

"Why didn't you tell all this at your first interrogation?" 

"I was afraid that my father would kick me out of the house then." 

"What made you make a confession yesterday, when you came to Nagyfalu with 

the Security Commissar and another gentleman? Did anyone threaten you or force 

you to do this?" 

"No one threatened me, no one forced me, and I spoke the truth out of my own free 

will, and just as I've now told it." 

Read, certified, and signed. 
Moritz Scharf Joseph Bary, Examining Magistrate 

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written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 4. 

(p. 428) 

From the Speech of the Deputy Rickert in the Prussian House of Deputies on 9 

February 1892(7) 

Gentlemen, it is my intention to direct the attention of the honorable House and of 
the Minister of Justice to an affair which for months has aroused a portion of the 
populace to a high degree. I mean the Buschhoff case, the Xanten boy-murder. 

On 29 June, at six o'clock in the evening, the five-year-old boy Hegmann was 
murdered in the byre [cowshed] of the town councilor Kiippers; the body of the 
small boy was found in a condition, so it was said, which created the suspicion that 
someone who was familiar with the business of ritual-slaughtering had to have 
committed this murder, since the cut, as they said, had been made skillfully and 
professionally. The boy was empty of blood. A lively excitement immediately 
arose in the town of Xanten, which probably has between 3000 and 4000 
inhabitants, and one part of the populace pointed at one man whom it held to be 
guilty ~ at the Jewish schdchter Buschhoff, living in the vicinity of that byre. 

Gentlemen, since those days the Jewish members of this community have had to 
endure a difficult time; every means was brought to bear to agitate against them. 
They were even ready to characterize this murder as a ritual-murder, and if I have 
been informed correctly, (429) the same things have also been said to arouse the 
populace in Xanten that had been used earlier in Corfu. 

The anti-Semitic press has now not only cast suspicion in a despicable manner 
upon the State's Attorney and the examining judge, but also upon the Minister of 
Justice and the Minister of the Interior. I do not believe that any purpose is served 
by going into detail on this, at least for the time being. Should the matter perhaps 
be taken up by the other side, then I am prepared to offer a list of these things 
which have outraged me. For example, congenial relations between the defense 
attorney of the main defendant and the examining judge have been alleged to be the 
reason that the case is being handled slowly and carelessly. These are 
unprecedented insinuations against these men, who have surely acted only in the 
fulfillment of the duties of their office. 

To show you how far this matter has gone, I want to produce for you two 
documents. After the release of Buschhoff, they were demanding that he be 
rearrested. In what sense these people want to see the law practiced in Prussia 
emerges from the following passage of the Neue Deutsche Zeitung [New German 
Times], There is the focal point of anti-Semitism and also the focal point of these 
insinuations. In this periodical we find the following sentence, among others: 

'But if he (Buschhoff) is guilty ~ why do they release him? Are there, 
perhaps, relationships behind this which are even darker than the murder 
of an innocent child? What does it matter, whether Buschhoff and family 
sit in investigative custody for four or five weeks longer yet, if afterwards 
the releasing, guilt-denying verdict is conceded to them by the jury, while 
they remain afflicted with suspicion for the rest of their lives?' 

What do you think, gentlemen? ~ That's called the administration of justice! Of 
course, when that is read abroad, that a newspaper dares to say such things ~ what 
are they to think of our administration of justice?". . . Rickert complains that even 
the Kaiser is "disturbed." "Gentlemen, I believe that the brazenness with which 
they have drawn the highest of all persons into this pending investigation without 
any grounds whatsoever, deserves the same. These gentlemen are becoming bolder 
day by day ~ not to use another expression! 

Now in conclusion, gentlemen, one more main point, that is, the question of ritual- 
murder! This silly fairy-tale of ritual-murder, which reaches back into the times of 
the dark Middle Ages, when the Enlightenment was not yet so far [developed], 
and even farther back, this question is being revived here in this manner by the 
most distinguished organ of the conservative party! Has this organ (Kreuzzeitung), 
then, no sensitivity for the fact that this foolish fairy-tale no longer suits the present 

(430) Not only did Bishop Kopp in the year 1882 (Tisza-Eszlar!) declare ritual- 
murder to be an outrageous untruth, there were also prominent popes, the supreme 
shepherds of the Catholic Church, who also entered the lists against it in writing 
and in speech in earlier centuries when the enlightenment of the people had not 
advanced so far and men were not as armored against such tales as they are today. I 
have here before me that memorable letter from Cardinal Ganganelli, who in the 
year 1759, when the Polish Jews were accused of ritual-murder (laughter from the 
Right) ~ I do not know what is so funny about this to the gentlemen ~ when the 
Polish Jews were accused, explicitly protested against it and with the weapons of 
his scholarship, which encompassed broad areas, proved that it was merely a fairy- 
tale, which must be rejected. . ." 

Rickert then complained about an article in the Kreuzzeitung: "No, gentlemen, such 
weapons are not suitable in the 19th century, whose end we are approaching; these 
are not the weapons of Christian charity or of tolerance; nor are they the 
weapons of the constitution or of the law. The Jews in our State are not guests, as 
the Kreuzzeitung says, but on the contrary, fellow citizens with equal rights, and 
woe unto him who lays a hand upon these rights in a flagrant manner!" (Vigorous 
"bravo!" from the left.) 

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written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 5. 

(p. 430) 
Letter of Rohling to the Court at Cleves. 

To the Royal Criminal Court 

at Cleves. 
Your Honor! 

The well-known StraBburg Professor, Dr. Noldeke, along with the inclusion of my 
person before your forum, has rendered an expert opinion concerning ritual-murder 
by the Jews. 

Conscience and honor force me to protest against this expert opinion. Professor 
Noldeke terms it frivolous, when over and over again it is repeated that Jews 
require the use of Christian blood. He claims to be able to say "with tolerable 
certainty" that nothing about this is contained in the Talmud', also, according to his 
opinion, nothing in the Sefer halkutim and in the Zohar suggests it. Delitzsch, 
according to Herr Noldeke, is supposed to have most definitely disproved the 
blood-accusation and my old friend Bickell to have declared it to be a hoax. 

I find it strange that Professor Noldeke charges those who think differently with 
frivolity, while he himself (431) lays claim to only a "tolerable" certainty for 
himself. As for Delitzsche, he, like Noldeke himself was refuted by the work by 
Victor concerning the Rohling/Bloch trial, which appeared in two editions 
published by Fritsch in Leipzig in 1887, without a defense following from those 
involved. As for Professor Bickell, he never stated that the blood-accusation was a 
hoax, but on the contrary, he agreed with me that history fully justifies these 
accusations, because it reports numerous murders which were forensically 

Eisenmenger also points to these facts, although rabbinical textual evidence and 
documentary proofs were not available to him. Concerning some texts of this type 
Professor Bickell was also of another opinion from my own, although he later 
withdrew an earlier statement about the impossibility of my idea, and Professor 
Noldeke would have been able to know all of this from Victor's work, which was 
publicly available since 1887. 

If the facts of history are not to be denied, it is well understood that despite the 
expurgation of certain rabbinical works, indeed there are texts still existing here 
and there, which hint at the subject, and contain allusions which, in spite of every 
editorial precaution, speak very plainly in the light of historical events. But as 
superfluous as texts of that sort are in the face of the historical records, and 
therefore, if one desires, can be left to the academic exercises of the philologists, I 
for my part find what others always say, that the Talmud even in expurgated 
editions suggests the phenomenon, while the Sefer halkutim and Zohar speak 
more definably, as is explained in my work Polemik und Menschenopfer des 
Rabbinismus {Polemics and Human Sacrifice of the Rabbinate^ (Paderborn, pub. 
Schroder, 1883). This explanation is still completely convincing to me today, and if 
I do not respond to private publications of the newspapers and brochures, like 
Strack's Blutaberglaube {Blood-Superstition^ this is because the secular 
authority, to which I am subject, desires the end of the Jewish controversy. 

But after my sacred conviction was stigmatized before the Court as a frivolity, I 
held it to be my duty to make known to you this, which stands before you: in the 
face of death and of my eternal Judge, I cannot speak otherwise and must state: 

that the blood-accusation is the truth! 

With great respect 

signed. Canon Doctor of Theology and Philosophy, A. Rohling, Professor of 
Hebrew Antiquities at the Royal and Imperial German University in Prague. 

Prague, 10 July 1892. 
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written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 6. 

(p. 432) 

From the Speech of the Czech Attorney Dr. Baxa before the Jury Court in 


Dr. Baxa first explained that the compensation for costs for the poor mother of the 
murdered girl was unimportant. But the mother had a right to demand that she learn 
why her daughter was murdered, why she had been killed in this frightful manner! 

"Let us go at once through all the motives which could come into consideration 
here; she had no enemy, she was devout and kind and honest. A murder for 
revenge, therefore, is not a possibility. The medical findings showed that the girl 
was untouched and remained so. A lust-murder therefore did not occur. A robbery- 
murder, perhaps? The murdered girl owned nothing, and what she did possess was 
found with her. What, then, was the motive for this frightful act? So the mother 
asks herself over and over again anew, why did her daughter, on a well-travelled 
way, on a bright clear day, have to die such a terrible death? 

Now, gentlemen of the jury! The perpetrators, as in a whole series of cases which 
have preceded it, counted upon succeeding in not being discovered this time, too. 
But the Bible has ever said, that at the commission of the crime of murder, the 
blood of the victim cried unto Heaven. (Great commotion [in the courtroom].) But 
here, indeed, the blood was unable to cry unto Heaven, for the blood had 
disappeared! But the body speaks to Heaven in a terribly mysterious language, 
yet we understood this language and we finally succeeded in lifting the darkness 
that was supposed to be spread over it. 

We were in a position to find the body in time, and from all this we could tell the 
mother how her daughter was killed. (Great commotion.) You know, gentlemen of 
the jury, how the doctors testified yesterday. You have heard how the unfortunate 
girl was strangled, how she was rendered unconscious with blows from a stone, 
and how the fatal cut was inflicted. That, gentlemen, says everything. If it was only 
a matter, for the murderers, of killing the girl, they need only, of course, have 
tightened the rope a moment longer. And consider how many pieces of evidence of 
[their] guilt they would thereby not have supplied. They would have shed no 
blood, they would have been finished all the sooner. But it was not the life of this 

girl that they wanted, but something (433) different. Let us think about the last 
hour of this unfortunate victim. 

We think of how the rope was thrown around her neck, how three men suddenly 
bent over her, how they struck her on the head, ripped off the clothes from her 
body with terrible force, how she, perhaps, in the beginning, believing that this was 
an assault upon her honor [i.e., virginity], suddenly had to see how the knife shone, 
that terrible instrument in the hand of one of the men, how they prepared 
everything for the horrible ritual-slaughtering, how they inclined her head to the 
side, how she sees now, for the first time, what they intend to do with her, how the 
whole terrible truth of that for which she has been selected becomes clear to her ~ 
and, gentlemen of the jury, you will agree with me, that this girl is a martyr. 
Gentlemen! We have never seen such a case. Yesterday you listened to the expert 
opinion of the physicians. Is there still need of proof that the murderers did not 
want the life of this girl, but rather wanted her blood alone? (Powerful excitement.) 
That is no longer debatable! From out of the courtroom of the Kuttenberg circuit 
court today, yonder into all Gaue, it is shouted that among human society live men 
who demand the blood of their fellow men! We shrink from this. We defend 
ourselves against these horrible thoughts, our emotions struggle against it, against 
this frightful secret, guarded for centuries. 

But here the fact exists! The actual, irrefutable fact, and against what has been 
established here, no man on earth is able to prevail. 

Now a second question forces itself on us. For what is the blood needed? And 
there, gentlemen, I say to you now: It is the responsibility of all Christian humanity 
to unwrap this secret. It is the duty, the highest duty of the authorities, that they 
elucidate why there are people among us who use the blood of of their neighbors 
for sinister purposes. We have the right to protect ourselves, indeed, we must 
defend ourselves against these people who require our blood. This terrible secret 
should finally be aired, it should finally be made clear who these people are, 
whether it is only a religious sect, or whether it is a race, we must defend ourselves 
and demand that the State proceed against them. We warn the world that it is 
seeking to preserve this secret still longer. 

Look at the accused and the society in which he lives. Why does Hilsner lie so 
stubbornly, why is he supported by his entire society? Hilsner knows very well 
that, if he confesses, the whole secret would come out, for it would all come out, 
whether it was one schdchter or another who made this cut [in the victims's throat]. 

Therefore, why should we not help in discovering those who are complicit in this! I 
say (434) to you, that the present proceedings are not the end of the Polna murder 
affair. It is only the beginning of a new investigation, we are far from the end of it. 
We will seek, seek inexorably to find out who the other perpetrators were, we will 
find them, and then the whole Christian world will heave a sigh of relief, as if 
freed from a monstrous nightmare." 

Dr. Baxa then stated all the circumstances which made the guilt of Hilsner beyond 
doubt, and said that the manner of the execution of the murder, the limitless 
brazenness with which it was performed, amounts to the conclusion that the 
perpetrators had to have gone to work with genuinely fanatic boldness, as if they 

believed that their crime would not come to light for all eternity. Dr. Baxa stated in 
conclusion that his conviction concerning the guilt of the accused stood rock-firm. 

"In the name of justice and integrity, you must vote in the affirmative and you can 
vote with full conviction, and we will have taken a further great step forward along 
the road which we are resolved to follow. . ." 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 7. 

(p. 434) 
An Alliance for Solving the Konitz Murder 

has formed in the city of Konitz. On 11 March 1900 the gymnasium student Ernst 
Winter, in the bloom of young manhood, was tortured to death by crazed 
murderers' hands in Konitz, and the horrible crime still awaits earthly punishment. 

The public jury court proceedings held at Konitz in the days from 26 October until 
10 November against the Masloff family on account of perjury has thrown a bright 
spotlight upon the dark affair, in that this trial went far beyond the parameters of a 
simple perjury trial and took on the shape of a sort of investigative procedure into 
the Winter murder case. It still seems possible that the mysterious murder will find 
solution and punishment. 

This possibility is thanks to the selfless and tireless activity of some few men who, 
without sufficient financial means, but with the mustering of all their powers, have 
followed the tracks of the murder. But the enormous difficulties and obstacles 
which opposed every step toward the discovery of the murderer, could not be 
overcome by the zeal and energy of individuals. 

(435) The whole of the German people, without distinction of party, has a pressing 
interest in seeing the strange darkness illuminated, which enshrouds this 
gruesome murder. The father of the murdered boy, the builder Winter in 
Prechlau, does not command the financial means to pursue on his own the existing 
tracks so far as to succeed in bringing about justice in capturing the murderer. 

In the city of Konitz, within whose walls the murder was committed, an alliance 
has been formed from the ranks of respected citizens in the town and country, 
which has set itself the goal of contributing with all its powers to the solution of the 
murder and pursuing every lead regardless. This alliance addresses itself to all 
Germans of every party. Everyone should contribute according to his ability to the 
collection of a sufficient fund, which should be used, under the responsibility of the 
undersigned, for a proper pursuit of the leads of the murder. 

We ask the newspapers of all political persuasions to promote our undertaking by 

repeated printing of this appeal, and we ask every German citizen to contribute his 
mite for this good cause. 

Konitz, 24 November 1900. 

Bonig, Catholic pastor 

Hammer, Evangelical pastor 

Gebauer, City Councilman and Member of the West Prussian Provincial Landtag 

Heise, City Councilman 

Klotz, City Councilman 

Schultze, City Councilman 

Schar, City Councilman 

Stockebrand, City Councilman 

Hilgendorff , Landstag Deputy and Reichstag Deputy 

V. Parpatt, Member of the West Prussian Provincial Landtag 

Osiander, Landtag Deputy 

V. Gordon-Laskowitz, Member of the Prussian Herrenhaus [titled] 

V. Nitykowski-Grellen, as above 

Frh. V. Eckardstein, Rittergutsbesitzer [Baron] 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 8. 

(p. 435) 

From the Speech of the Deputy Liebermann von Sonnenberg in the 43rd 
Session of the German Reichstag of 7 February 1901. 

President Count v. Ballestrem cedes the floor to the Reichstag Deputy 
Liebermann von Sonnenberg: 

". . .In the Konitz case, we are not dealing with just the purely human sentiment of 
justice, which desires that there be an atonement for every crime, but with a matter 
of very far-ranging (436) significance. . .1 wish to state with pure objectivity that 
large circles among our people, to which very educated people in comfortable 
circumstances belong in great numbers, have actually come to the point of view: 
nothing should come of this! 

It's believed even in the country that the fear of the Jews even for us is already so 
great that even the state authorities are not permitted to undertake anything 
against Jewry. . .The desire to bring the German government as well into a 
relationship of dependency, surely is present. Indeed, one need only observe the 
storm which is presently raised against the Prussian Minister of Justice, because he 
opposed the plainly mad claims of the Jews and has denied that the fact of the 
examination having been passed ought to force the Minister to appoint any Jew 
desired as judge or to appoint him as a Notary. In the entire Jewish-Liberal press, 
the Minister is now harried and abused; he is blasted from every direction. 

Jewry is also at work here according to an old proven method. Herr Rickert (9) 
need only look up the passages about the Jews in Rome, in Mommsen's Roman 
history, how they behaved if some governor in the provinces had irritated them, 
perhaps had been incorruptible. When such a man arrived in Rome after having 
been relieved of his post, then the alarm was sounded, the rabble stirred up against 
him, and every means tried to injure him and to make a new office impossible for 
him. I do not know how the Jewish campaign of agitation against the Herr Minister 
of Justice will end; perhaps there is also someone at hand as a replacement for 
him, who is not yet positioned properly (very good!). 

The riots of the summer of the previous year (in Konitz) were instigated by Jewish 

agents provocateurs and agitators, or provoked by extreme Jewish impudence 
toward the populace (quite correct!). The case of the Jew Zander, for example, 
who threw a stone through the pane of his own window on the street, demonstrates 
this for Konitz. Gentlemen, the populace must be protected against such 

But the Jews slip into the role of persecuted innocents at such riots, they scream 
about violence and they know how to make their screaming heard in very high 
places. Then troops ~ which perhaps earlier had mostly been in place for the 
cordoning off of the city ~ immediately march in on orders from the highest 
level, and then the saying comes true, that: 'in the presence of weapons the laws are 
silent,' even without a declaration of a state of siege and martial law. The entire 
population is overcome with consternation; the witnesses no longer dare (437) to 
testify openly and hold back their most important evidence. Thus they believe that 
they have finally laid to rest the story of the murder. . .In my view, however, the 
Konitz affair is not permitted to be the cause of a single party, the anti-Semitic 
party, but rather it must become the cause of all decent people in the entire 
German Fatherland. The Konitz Alliance for the solution of the murder of 
gymnasium student Winter (10) consists of people who, by virtue of their social 
position and by the entire conduct of their lives, can keep away any suspicion of 
their joining together merely out of virulent desires [for excitement, for Jew- 
baiting, etc.]. 

Gentlemen, the German people remained at peace when the wholly similar murder 
in Skurz found no punishment. The Criminal Commissar Hoeft, who has been the 
exemplar for the present inquiries of the Berlin Criminal Commissar in Konitz, 
had freed the Jew who was first accused and taken into custody and brought a 
Christian master butcher ~ everything is repeated! ~ before the jury court. The 
man had to be completely exonerated. And then the case was settled as far as the 
authorities were concerned. The anti-Semitic movement was not yet strong enough 
in Germany to interest the German people in the case, as is now the case, thank 
God. The blood-murder in Skurz has remained unsolved and unrequited to the 
present day. Neither has anyone heard that further investigations have taken place. 
When ten years later a similar blood-murder in Xanten excited the world, an 
exceedingly cunning means was employed to misdirect the case. A notorious 
individual, who had insinuated himself into the anti-Semitic party, went to Xanten 
on behalf of an anti-Semitic newspaper and wrote an untruthful brochure which 
was printed in good faith and earned the editors responsible harsh prison sentences. 
Thus it happened that the anti-Semitic press was unable to persist in its 
involvement, and this murder, too, remained unpunished. 

Buschhoff, the schdchter accused of the crime, was acquitted by the jury court in 
Cleves, not, perhaps, because they were convinced of his innocence, but rather ~ as 
is not at all very well known ~ because a subsidiary question regarding the charge 
of complicity had not been put, and the jurors considered the evidence insufficient 
to pronounce him guilty as the perpetrator. 

But the Konitz blood-crime, the third such similar crime in Prussia within a period 
of six years, will not share the fate of Skurz and Xanten. The trials that are still 
underway, the trial of the Jew Moritz Levy for perjury, which in a few days (438) 

will play itself out in Konitz, the trial against the Staatsburgerzeitung, in which 
1 14 witnesses are heard, will see to it that the arousal of the people over the murder 
of the gymnasium student Winter does not come to rest. . .yet I have taken the 
precaution of never stopping in Konitz for 24 hours at a time. It is teeming with 
Jewish spies, and I did not want to involve myself without necessity in gossip, the 
defending against which would have made work for me and have cost me time. 
Thus, not the 'anti-Semitic General Staff, but rather a Jewish Confusion-sowing 
and Cover-up Committee was established in Konitz after the murder and is still at 
work there. All the disinformation which has gone out by means of the Jewish 
newspapers, which consists of pure inventions and which is dispersed into the 
world, originates with this Confusion- sowing and Cover-up Committee. 

The most shameless thing of all, however, is attained in the recent insinuations 
against highly respected Christian men in Konitz, the District School Inspector 
Rohde, and the teacher Weichel, whom the Berlin newspapers describe as the 
murderers, based upon the simple face that house searches were recently carried 
out also at their residences. Both gentlemen live on a street, you see, where every 
house and apartment was being searched; clearly no exceptions could be made. 
Without there having been anything more to it than this simple fact, the Berlin 
papers reported not long ago that the teacher, Weichel, had already confessed to the 
murder. This was reported by telegraph from Konitz. This horrible insinuation then 
circulated through a large section of the Press! Likewise, accusations were 
disseminated in the most shameless manner by the Berlin and other Jewish papers, 
against the District School Inspector, Rhode. I would think then, that the 
authorities, the Ministry of Culture and Education and also the War Ministry ~ 
since Herr Rhode is Captain d. L {des Landstags — of the provincial parliament] 
and both gentlemen are on the Board of Directors of the Kriegerverein [Veteran's 
Association] ~ that the supervising ministries should protect their officials and file 
ex officio charges against all the newspapers in question, so that the severely 
insulted men do not have to bear useless costs and trouble because of this. Many 
another important matter may yet result from this trial as well. 

Out of sympathy for this House, I will omit today, at such a late hour, unrolling a 
list of the instances of disinformation which have been broadcast to the world from 
Konitz in the Jewish interest. I have a thick manuscript about this lying at my 
place. . .1 will immediately respond to all disinformation speeches which have 
been made here concerning the Konitz case. All of the German people and 
probably the Reichstag as well would be in agreement with me in this, that in 
Konitz the leads ought finally to be pursued for once, (439) which up till now 
have not been pursued, after all other leads have been shown to be erroneous. . .It 
can only be a matter of complete indifference to us (?), to what purpose the blood 
of the victims in Skurz, Xanten, and Konitz was destined [to be put]. But the 
evidence cannot be denied, that the bodies or their parts in all three cases were 
discovered to be completely empty of blood, and in all three cases sound human 
reason can simply find no other motive for murder than that of obtaining the 
blood. I have also asked the Director of the slaughterhouse of Konitz, Herr 
Veterinarian Wendt, for his opinion. He gave me the following information: he has 
been directing the slaughterhouse for ten years, each year an average of 10,000 
animals are killed there, some butchered, some ritually-slaughtered, therefore he 
has been able to observe the effects on 100,000 animals of butchering and of ritual- 

slaughtering, and he was able to assure me that he had never seen such a blood- 
drained piece of flesh as the body parts of Winter. . .(commotion). Quite 
amazingly, directly after the murder, five ritual-slaughterers left the area, first 
the Cantor, Hamburger from Schlochau and then the schdchter Heymann from 
Konitz, of which the one is supposed to have made a million-dollar fortune in 
America, and the other have gone to Russian Poland. The Jewish ritual- slaughterer 
Fuchs, who comes from Russia, has gone back to Russia. . .The fact that Russian 
Jews were in Konitz, has been judicially established. . . 

The Herr Deputy Stadthagen (ll) has described the populace of West Prussia as 
being at an extraordinarily culturally low level. So that it is not much to be 
wondered at that such people would believe in ritual-murder. . .But the country 
populace of West Prussia stands tower-high in education above a category of 
people who come into consideration again, at the Konitz murder. I mean the 
Jewish population, which is streaming in to us from out of Russian Poland, out of 
Galicia, Romania, etc., and because of our legislation, unfortunately nothing can 
be done to prevent it." (12) 

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Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 9. 

Table of Ritual-Murders Established in this Investigation (13) 

(p. 443) 




419 Jewish Easter 



1144 Easter 


twelve-year-old WiUiam 

1160 Easter 



1171 Easter 



1179 Easter 



1181 Easter 


Robert (child) 

1192 Easter 


"a Christian" 

1220 Easter 

WeiBenburg (Alsace) 

Heinrich (child) 



small child 

1235 Christmas 


five (5) sons of a miller 

1235 December 






1247 Easter 

Valreas (Vaucluse) 

two-year-old girl 

1250 August 


seven-year-old boy 




1255 Sts. Peter and 
Paul Day 


Hugh (eight-year-old boy) 

1267 Easter 


seven-year-old girl, Margaretha 

1279 Easter 



1279 September Yom 



1283 Easter 






1287 Easter 

Oberwesel am Rhein 

fourteen-year-old boy, Werner 

1288 Easter 


Rudolf (child) 

1288 Easter 

Troyes (Champ.) 




nine-year-old boy 








Renchen (Baden) 


1303 Easter 


WeiBensee (Thiiringia) 


Conrad (child) 

1303 Easter 


"Christian person" 

1305 Easter 





young man 

1329 Easter 

County of Savoy: 
Geneva, Rumilly, Annecy 

several children 


Uberlingen (Baden) 

Frey (child) 



small child 

1346 Easter 


"Hanschen" (child) 

1347 Easter 



1349 March 


four-year-old boy 


Hagenbach (Schwabia) 


1401 Easter 

Diesenhof (Wiirttemberg) 

four-year-old child 

1407 Easter 



1413 Easter 



1420 Easter 

Tongem (Limburg) 


1429 Easter/Pentecost 

Ravensburg (Wiirttemberg) 

Ludwig van Bruck (student) 

1442 or 1443 

Lienz (Tyrol) 

Ursula Pock (four-year-old) 







1454 Easter 



1462 July 


Rinn (Innsbruck) 

Andreas Oxner (three-year-old) 
"Anderl von Rinn" 

1468 Easter 

Sepulveda (Spain) 

small girl 

1475 Easter 


Simon Gerber (two-year-old) 

1480 Easter 

Portobuffole (Venetian) 

Sebastian Novello (seven-year- 

1480 Easter 

Motta (Venetian) 


1480 Easter 


Lorenzo (child) 






six (6) children 

1490 Easter 

Guardia (Toledo) 


1494 Easter 

Tymau (Hungary) 



Waldkirch bei Freiburg im 



Tymau (Hungary) 

a "Christian" 


1529 Ascension Day 


MaiBlinger (nin-year-old boy) 

1540 Easter 

Sappenfeld (Oberpfalz) 

Michael Piesenharter (four-and-a- 
half-year-old boy) 

1547 Easter 

Rawa (Poland) 


1569 Easter 

Vitov (Poland) 

two-year-old boy 

1574 Easter 

Punia (Lithuania) 

seven-year-old girl 

1590 Easter 

Szydlov (Poland) 


1592 Easter 


Simon Kierelis (seven-year-old) 

1595 Easter 


Gostyn (Poland) 


several children 

1597 Easter 

Szydlov (Poland) 


1598 Easter 

Woznik (Podolia) 

Albert Pietrzynin (four-year-old) 

1650 Easter 

Kaaden (Bohemia) 

Matthias Tillich (boy) 

1665 May 



1744 August 

Montiggl (Tyrol) 

Franz Locherer (eight-year-old) 

1747 March 

Zaslav (Russia) 

unknown man 

1753 Easter 

at Kiev 

three-and-a-half-year-old boy 


Orkuta (Hungary) 


1791 February Purim 


Per (Siebenbiirgen) 

Andreas Takals (thirteen-year- 


HoUenschau (Moravia) 



Woplawicz (Lublin) 



Pera (Constantimople) 

young Greek 

1803 Easter 

Buchhof (Nuremberg) 



Welish (Vitebsk) 

Trofim Nikitin (twelve-year-old- 

1810 Easter 





two children 


Welish (Vitebsk) 

two boys, one woman 





Welish (Vitebsk) 

two girls 

1823 Easter 

Welish (Vitebsk) 

Ivanov (three-and-a-half-year-old) 



Fatchallah-Sayegh (translator) 




1 1826 


five-year-old boy 



Ossyp Perowicz (child) 

1827 Easter 



1827 Easter 


two boys 


Hamath (Asia Minor) 

young Turkish woman 


St. Petersburg 




old man 

' 1840 February (Pwr/m) 


Father Thomas; Ibrahim Amara 

1840 Easter 

Triande (Rhodes) 

twelve-year-old boy 
(ritual-murder greatest 


Rhodes and Corfu 

several children 

1852 December 

Saratov (Russsia) 

Schestobitov (boy) 

1853 January 

Saratov (Russia) 

MaBlov (boy) 

1875 September (F6>m 

Zboro (Hungary) 

ritual-murder attack upon a 

sixteen-year-old girl, 

with death ensuing afterward 

1877 June 

Szalacs (Hungary) 

Therese Szabo (six-year-old); 
Emerich Szabo (nin-year-old) 

1878 before Jewish 

Steinamanger (Hungary) 



Tallya (Hungary) 


1879 October 

Piros (Hungary) 

Lidi Sipos (fifteen-year-old) 





Komom (Hungary) 


1880 before Jewish 

Steinamanger (Hungary) 


1881 Easter 


Evangelio Fomarachi (boy) 


Kaschau (Hungary) 

Kocsis (girl) 

1881 before Jewish 

Steinamanger (Hungary) 




Lutscha (Galicia) 

Franziska Mnich 

1882 Easter 

Tisza-Eszlar (Hungary) 

Esther Solymosi (fourteen-year- 


Balata (Constantinople) 



Galata (Constantinople) 


1884 January 

Skurz (West Prussia) 

Onophrius CybuUa (fourteen-year- 

1885 Easter 

Mit-Kamar (Egypt) 

young Copt 

1890 Easter 


Henry Abdelnour (boy) 

1891 Easter 


Maria Dessyla (eight-year-old) 

1891 June 

St. Peter and Paul Day 


Johann Hegmann 

1891 June 

Mustapha Pasha 

Grieche Stephanos (eight-year-old 

1892 Easter 

Port Said 

Helene Vasilios (four-year-old) 


Kolin (Bohemia) 


1895 September (Fom 
Kippur festival) 

Kis-Sallo (Hungary) 

Juliska Balars (five-year-old) 

1898 July 

Polna (Bohemia) 

Maria Klima (twenty-three-year 

1899 Easter 

Polna (Bohemia) 

Agnes Hruza (nineteen-year-old) 

1900 Easter 

Konitz (West Prussia) 

Ernst Winter (eighteen-year-old) 


1910 December 

Nassenheide (Stettin) 

Helenne Brix (strong suspicion of 

1911 March 


Andrei Yustinschy (thriteen-year- 

1911 September (F6>m 


Olga Hagel 

1912 Pentecost 



Stanislaus Musial (sixteen-year- 

1913 Eastern 

Lobsens (Wirsitz) 

Agnes Kador (six-year-old) 

1913 July 


Elma Kelchner (twelve-year-old) 
(strong suspicion of ritual-murder) 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

Back to Table of Contents 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Appendix 10. 


(p. 451) 

[Translator's note: No attempt has been made here, as has been done in the text 
proper, to translate the German or other non-English titles of the works listed here. 
As this section will be of primary interest to schloars and researchers, and it is 
assumed that they will have competency in the main European languages, priority 
has been given here to the exact reproduction of the bibliography as given in the 
original German edition of this work. ~R.B.] 

Abgeordnetenhaus, PreuBisches: Stenog. Berichte, Bd. I, Berlin, 1892. 

Acta Sanctorum (BoUandus, Henschenius, Pabebrochius, usw.). Monate: March 

III; April II, III; July III; August VI. 

Annalen und Chronik von Kolmar. Nach der Ausgabe der Monumenta 

Germaniae (H. Pabst, Berlin, 1867) 

Anonymus: Der Fall Hilsner — Ein europaisches Justizverbrechen, Berlin, 1911. 

Antisemitische Correspondenz, Jahrg. 1893/94. ~ Heraug. M. Liebermann v. 


d*Arbois de Jubainville, M. H.: Histoire des dues et des comtes de Champgne, 

Paris, 1865, IV, 1. 

Aronius, Julius: Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden im frdnkischen und deutschen 

Reich bis zum Jahre 1273. Berlin, 1902. 

Auerbach, Isaac Levin: Israels jUngste Heimsuchung im Morgenlanda. Predigt. 

Leipzig, 1840. 

Baer, Fritz: Die Juden im christlichen soanien I, 1 u. 2. 

Baer, Fritz: Studien zur Geschichte der Juden im Konigreich Aragonien wdhrend 

des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts. 

Balaban, Majer: Die Judenstadt von Lublin. Berlin, 1919. 

Baumgarten, Emanuel: Die Blutbeschuldigung gegen die Juden — Von 

christlicher Seite beurteilt. Wien, 1883. 

Bewer, Max: Gedanken. Dreden, 1893. 

Bischoff, Erich: Das Blut in jUdischem Schriftum und Brauch. Leipzig, 1929. 

Bischoff, Erich: Das Buch vom Schulchan Aruch. Leipzig, 1929. 

Bischoff, Erich: Juden und Christenblut. Berlin. 

Bloch, Joseph S: Israel und die Volker. Berlin- Wien, 1922. 

Bloch, Joseph S: Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben. Wien-Leipzig, 1922. 

Bogrow, J. G.: Memoiren eines Juden, Petersburg, 1880. (Vgl. J. Brafmann: Das 

Buck vom Kahal. Ubers. S. Passarge. Leipzig, 1928.) 


Braatz, Julius: Der Deutsche Reichstag im Wort und Bild, Berlin, 1892. 

Brauer, Leopold: Israelitische Glaubens- und Pflichtenlehre, Leitfaden usw. 1876. 

Brafmann, Jacob: Das Buch vom Kahal. Herausg. S. Passarge, Leipzig, 1928. 

Buch, Willi: 50 Jahre antisemitische Bewegung. Munchen, 1937. 

Bulova, J. A.: Zum Polnaer Ritualmordprozefi vor dem zweiten Urteil. Berlin, 


Bulova, J. A.: Das Polnaer Verbrechen. Berlin, 1901. 

Burckhardt, Jacob: Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien. Berlin, 1928. 

Cantimpre, Thomas de (Cantipratanus): Bonum universale de apibus in quo ex 

mirifica apum repub. universa vitae bene et christiane instituendae ratio traditur. . 

. Duaci, 1627. 

Caro, Georg: Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Juden. 1908, 1, II. 

Chiarini, Luigi: Teoria del giuda'ismo, I, II. ~ Franzos. Ubers.: Theorie du 

Juda'isme I, II. ~ Paris, 1830. 

Christliche Zeugnisse gegen die Blutbeschuldigung der Juden. Berlin, 1882. 

Cluverus, Joh.: Epitome historiarum totius mundi ~ 1662. 

Crusius, Martin: annales Suevici, Vol. II, Frankfurt, 1596. 

Deckert, Jos.: Vier Tiroler Kinder — Opfer des chassidischen Fanatismus. 1893. 

Deeg, Peter: Hofjuden. Numberg, 1939. 

Delitzsch, Franz: Eine Missionsrede mit Bezugnahme aufdie Judenverfolgungen 

zu Damascus und Rhodus, gehalten in der Waisenhauskirche zu Dresden. Dresden, 


Delitzsch, Elizabeth: Franz Delitzsch als Freunde Israels -- Kleine Schriften 

zur Judenmission. Nr. 5. -- Leipzig, 1910. 

Desportes, Henri: Le mystere du sang chez lesjuifs de tous les temp. Paris, 

Savine, 1889. 

Diewerge, Wolfgang: Das Kriegsziel der Weltplutokratie. Berlin, 1941. 

Dreyer, Siegbert: England und die Freimauerei Berlin, 1940. 

Drumont, Edouard: La France juive. 142. Auflage. Paris, 1894. 

Eck, Johann: Ains Judenbuchlins verlegung. Ingolstadt, 1541. 

Ecker, Jakob: Der Judenspiegel im Lichte der Wahrheit. Paderborn, 1884. 

Eichstadt, Volkmar: Bibliographic zur Geschichte der Judenfrage. I, 1938. 

Eisenmenger, Johann Andreas: Entdecktes Judentum. Herausg. Franz Xaver 

Schieferl. Dresden, 1893. 

Encyclopaedia Judaica, Btrlin, 1928ff. 


Feder, Ernst: Politik und Humanitdt. Paul Nathan. Fin Lebensbild. Berlin, 1929. 

Fern, Athanasius: Judische Moral und Blut-Mysterium. Leipzig, 1920. 

Frank, Fr.: Der Ritualmord vor den Gerichtshofen der Wahrheit und der 

Gerechtigkeit. - Regensburg, 1901. 

Frank, Fr.: Nachtrdge zu "Der Ritualmord vor den Gerichtshofen der Wahrheit 

und der Gerechtigkeit. " ~ Regensburg, 1902. 

Freimut, B.: Altjudische Religionsgeheimnisse und neujudische Praktiken usw. 

Munster, 1893. 

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Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Index of Places 

(p. 461) 

[Translator's Note: I have reproduced exactly the original index, but have inserted 
the English spelling of place names; for example, the entry for 'Geneva' is found 
both under 'Geneva' and its original German spelling, 'Genf' 
I have also kept the German convention of creating separate categories for words 
beginning with the letter/s S, Sch, and St.] 


Agnetendorf 351 

Aiguebelle 24 

Aleppo 57, 60, 96, 98, 122 

Alexandria 27, 94, 96f., 109f., 116f, 124 

126, 368, 407, 420, 446 

Alexandrien 27, 94, 96f., 109f., 116f, 124 

126, 368, 407, 420, 446 

Altdamm (Stettin) 327 

Amras 28 

Amsterdam 88, 174, 190, 377 

Annecy 24,444 

Antioch 13,60,445 

Antiocha 13,60,445 

Aragon 18 

Aragonien 18 

Aranyos-Maroth (Hungary) 142 

Aranyos-Maroth (Ungam) 142 

Ascherbude (Schonlanke) 330 

Athen 208, 21 Off. 

Athens 208, 21 Off. 

Avignon 26 


Bacharach 22 
Baden 401 

Baghdad 401 

Balata (Constantinople) 126, 407, 446 

Balata (Konstantinopel) 126, 407, 446 

Bamberg 399 

Bassano 36,403,406 

Beirut 59, 82, 100, 407, 420, 445 

Bene vent 38 

Bergamo 41 

Berlin 95, 143, 169f., 176, 182, 285, 

295, 297, 315, 318, 326, 327, 330, 351f., 

364, 414 

Bern 22,23,376,444 

Bielsko 45 

Blois 13,443 

Bosing 43, 44, 393, 445 

Boulogne 111 

Bozen 28 

Braisne 14,443 

Brescia 36,403,406 

Breslau 28, 54, 350, 394, 444 

Brixen 29,31,403,405 

Brunn 280 

Brussa 131 

Buchhof (Nurmberg) 56, 445 

Buchhof (Nurnberg) 56, 445 

Budapest 43, 141f., 166, 173f., 187, 

190, 193, 285 

Buderich 244 

Bucharest 408 

Bukarest 408 


Cairo (Cahira) 120f., 126, 130, 424 

Cantimpre (Cambrai) 397 

Cantimpre (Cambray) 397 

Castel Gaverdi (Breschia) 403 

Castel Gawerdi (Breschia) 403 

Cernika (Bucharest) 408 

Cernika (Bulcarest) 408 

Chalcis 13 

Charkow 346, 347, 365 

Chicago 219 

Chikago 219 

Chinon 24 

Cleves 23 Iff., 376,430,437 

Cologne 25, 43, 239, 241, 259, 403f., 


Constantinople 91, 96, 103f., 115, 117, 

121, 124ff., 130,217,407 

Constance 23,33,444 

Copenhagen 174 

Corfu XXI, XXII, 57, 125, 160, 167, 205ff., 

387, 395, 406f., 423, 446 

Crakow 26, 45, 355, 444 

Crefeld 239 

Crema 41 

Crete 403ff. 

Crossen 329 

Cypern 126,403 

Cyprus 126,403 

Czersk 307 


Damascus XXI, XXIV, 8, 65ff., 84ff., 

95ff., 203, 207, 218, 321, 344, 368, 375, 380, 

383, 388, 395, 400f., 407, 410f., 419, 422, 445, 


Damaskus XXI, XXIV, 8, 65ff., 84ff., 

95ff., 203, 207, 218, 321, 344, 368, 375, 380, 

383, 388, 395, 400f., 407, 410f., 419, 422, 445, 


Danzig (Gdansk) 199, 200f., 240, 298 

Deutsch-Brod 273 

Deutsch-Schiitzendorf 271 

Diesenhof (Wiirttemberg) 26, 444 

Dortmund 251 

Dresden 86, 171, 176, 351 


Dreux 14 

Dusseldorf 241 


Eberswalde 330 
Ekaterinburg (Siberia) 364 
Elberfeld 239,240 
Elze (Hildesheim) 330 
Endingen 33 
Eppan (Tirol) 5 If., 394 
Eppan (Tyrol) 5 If., 394 
Erfurt 18,443 


Feltre 397,403,406 

Filehne 330 

Frankenhagen 305 

Frankfurt a. M. 91, 123, 182, 239 

378, 409, 425 

Freiburg i. Br. 43, 394, 444 

Fritzlar 319 

Furth 123,425 
Fulda 15f. 393,443 


Galata (Constantinople) 126f., 130,407 


Galata (Konstantinopel) 126f., 130,407 


Gandegg (Tyrol) 52 

Garam-Kis-Sallo (Hungary) 195 

Garam-Kis-Sallo (Ungarn) 195 

Geneva 24,444 

Genf 24, 444 

Genoa 27 

Genua 27 

GieBen 176 

Glocester 13,382,443 

Gloucester 13,382,443 

Goch 244 

Gottingen 175 

Goltsch-Jenikau 280 

Gostyn (Poland) 46, 445 

Gostyn (Polen) 46,445 

Graudenz 311 

Guardia (Toledo) 42,444 


Hagenbach (Schwaben) 25,444 
Hagenbach (Swabia) 25, 444 
Hagenau 15f. 

Hamath (Asia Minor) 60, 445 
Hamath (Kleinasien) 60, 445 
Hannover 330 
Heidelberg XIX, 9, 144, 377 
Helsingfors 357 
Hildesheim 330 
Holleschau (Mahren) 54, 445 
Holleschau (Moravia) 54, 445 
Homberg 319 


Imnestar 13,443 
Ingolstadt 11,44 
Innsbruck 28, 3 1 
Inntal 28 


Janina 211 
Jekaterinburg 364 
Jena 351 

Jericho XI 

Jerusalem 12f., 30, 84, 95 


Kaaden (Bohemia) 47,445 

Kaaden (Bohmen) 47,445 

Karnten 27 

Kairo (Cahira) 120f., 126, 130, 424 

Kaltern (Tirol) 52, 394 

Kaltern (Tyrol) 52,394 

Kamin (West Prussia) 310, 344 

Karlsbad 356 

Kaschau 139,190,395,446 

Kharkov 346, 347, 365 

Kiev XX, 54, 335ff. 380, 387, 390, 

393, 395, 445f. 

Kiew XX, 54, 335ff. 380, 387, 390, 

393, 395, 445f. 

Kirschhain (Hesse) 318 

Kirschhain (Hessen) 318 

Kischinev 408 

Kischinew 408 

Kleve 23 Iff., 376,430,437 

Koln 25, 43, 239, 241, 259, 403f., 


Konigsberg 378 

Kolin 267,446 

Kolmar 23,444 

Komorn (Hungary) 139,446 

Komorn (Ungam) 139,446 

Konitz (West Prussia) XXII, 83, 146f., 

160, 171, 185, 196, 202, 237, 282, 291ff., 353, 380, 

386f., 408, 434f., 446 

Konstantinopel 91, 96, 103f., 115, 117, 

121, 124ff., 130,217,407 

Konstanz 23,33,444 

Kopenhagen 174 

Korfu XXI, XXII, 57, 125, 160, 167, 205ff., 

387, 395, 406f., 423, 446 

Kovacsi (Hungary) 142, 146 

Kovacsi (Ungarn) 142, 146 

Krakau 26, 45, 355, 444 

Krefeld 84, 237 

Krems 23,444 

Kreta 403ff. 


Kuttenberg 268, 272ff., 281, 344, 356, 392, 



Landshut 397 

Lauda 15 

Leiden XXIII, 10, 175 

Leipzig 30, 83ff., 176, 351, 431 

Lemberg 9 

Lienz (Tirol) 26f., 444 

Lienz (Tyrol) 26f., 444 

Limburg 26 

Lincoln 18f., 386, 388, 391, 395, 443 

Lobsens (West Prussia) 329f., 386, 447 

London XXI, 13, 18f., 89f., 94f., 102, 

108ff., 112f., 117f., 124, 193, 220, 285, 364, 386 


Lublin 46f., 355 

Ludwigshafen 331, 395, 447 

Lutscha (Lutza) 274,446 


Magdeburg 84, 93f. 

Mailand XXVI, 7, 91 

Mainz 21,404,443 

Manchester 108 

Mannheim 9 

Marburg 318 

Marienwerder 291, 314f., 321 

Marseille 8,84,111 

Mayen 239 

Messina 25,444 

Milan XXVI, 7, 91 

Mit-Kamar (Agypyten) 127, 446 

Mit-Kamar (Egypt) 127, 446 

Modena 36 

Montiggl 51,445 

Motta 41,405,444 

Munchen 15, 21, 25, 84, 351, 443f. 

Munich 15, 21, 25, 84, 351, 443f. 

Miinster 10 

Mustapha-Pascha 128, 446 

Mutesellim XI 


Nagyfaiu (Hungary) 152f.,426f. 

Nagyfalu (Ungarn) 152f., 426f. 

Naples 91 

Nassenheide (Stettin) 326, 447 

Neapel 91 

Neustadt a. d. A. 56 

Neustettin 201, 202 

New York 115,285,368 
Niederfinow 330 
Northampton 19,443 
Norwich 13, 17f., 382, 443 
Novarra 36 
Novorossisk 365 
Noworossysk 365 
Nuremberg 56, 93, 399, 425, 445 
Nurnberg 56, 93, 399, 425, 445 
Nyiregyhaza 151, 155, 157ff., 167, 
172, 179, 180ff., 190ff., 358 


Oberwesel 21f.,443 
Odenburg 191 

Orkuta (Hungary) 54,445 
Orkuta (Ungam) 54,445 
Orsona 18,443 


Paderborn 6 
Padue 33 

Paris XXIV, 14, 66, 89, 91, 99, 
107, 11 If., 123f., 182, 217, 285, 326, 343, 420 
Patras 216 

Per (Hungary) 50, 137,445 
Per(Ungarn) 50, 137,445 
Pera (Constantinople) 54,127,407, 

Pera (Konstantinopel) 54, 127, 407, 

Pezer (Hungary) 142 
Pezer (Ungam) 142 
60, 90, 145, 341, 343, 354, 362, 
369, 445 

Pforzheim 25,443 
Pfullendorf (Baden) 33 
Philadelphia 115 
Piros (Hungary) 139f.,446 
Piros (Ungam) 139f.,446 
Pisek 280f. 

Polna XXII, 146, 237, 251, 267, 
303, 315, 322f., 338, 341, 353, 366, 390f., 
396, 408, 446 
Polzin 311 
Pontoise 13,443 
Portobuffole 41,405,444 
Port-Said 129f.,446 

Posen 328,395,447 

Posingen 45 

Prag 10, 23f., 246, 272f., 280f., 


Prague 10, 23f., 246, 272f., 280f., 


Prato 383 


Prechlau (West Prussia) 150, 293f., 306f., 


PreBburg 44, 190 

Pressburg 44, 190 

PreuBisch-HoUand 329 

Przemysl 392 

Punia (Litauen) 45,445 

Punia (Lithuania) 45,445 


Radoiin 327 

Rauschenberg (Hesse) 38 

Rauschenberg (Hessen) 38 

Ravensburg 26, 33, 444 

Rawa (Poland) 45,445 

Rawa(Polen) 45,445 

Regensburg 33, 42, 382, 444 

Renchen (Baden) 23,444 

Rhodes 86f., lOlff., 117, 121, 125 

406f., 446 

Rhodos 86f., lOlff., 117, 121, 125 

406f., 446 

Rinn (Innsbruck) 28f., 388, 393, 444 

Riva 399 

Rodelheim (Frankfurt a. M.) 88 

Rom 31,34, 36, 38f., 90, 436 

Rome 31,34, 36, 38f., 90, 436 

Roveredo 35f., 346 

Rumilly 24,444 


Sappenfeld (Oberpfalz) 44,388,445 

Saragossa 14 

Saratov 343, 362, 446 

Saslaw/Zaslav (RuBland/Russia) 53, 445 

Savona 27, 393, 444 

Savoy 24 

Savoyen 24 

Sepulveda 30,444 

Siegburg 22 

Skurz (West Prussia) 196ff., 207, 295, 

302, 304, 315, 319f., 323f., 353, 386, 395, 437, 446 

Smirzanow 46, 396 

Smyrna 84,217,407 

Sparta XII 

Speyer 404 

Sugenheim (Franconia) 56 

Sugenheim (Franken) 56 

Switzerland 25 

Szalacs (Hungary) 137, 386, 446 

Szalacs (Ungam) 137, 386, 446 

Szekely-Hid (Hungary) 138 

Szekely-Hid (Ungam) 138 

Szwidnik (Hungary) 137 

Szwidnik (Ungam) 137 

Szydlow (Poland) 45f., 390, 394, 445 

Szydlow (Polen) 45f., 390, 394, 445 


Schiochau (West Pmssia) 307, 320, 439 
Schneidemuhl 327, 330 
Schonlanke 327,330,447 
Schwabischwerd 27 
Schweiz 25 


St. Alb an (England) 18 
St. Die 20 
StGallen 25 
St. George 43 
St. Georgen 43 
StGoar 21 
Steinamanger 139,446 
Stettin 326,430,447 
Strasburg (West Pmssia) 303 
Strassburg 175,246 
StraBburg 175,246 
Strehlen (Schlesien) 316 
Strehlen (Silesia) 316 


Taanek XI 

Tallya (Hungary) 139,446 
Tallya (Ungam) 139,446 
Tarczal (Hungary) 153,427 
Tarczal (Ungam) 153,427 
Tarnow (Galicia) 45 
Tarnow (Galizien) 45 
Tauberbischofsheim (Baden) 15 
Teglas (Hungary) 153,427 

Teglas (Ungarn) 153,427 

Tisza-Eszlar XXI, XXIV, 43, 49, 83, 

135ff., 203f., 207, 244f., 257, 304, 352, 380, 

386f., 391,400,426f.,446 

Tisza-Lok 146,153,427 

Tisza-Szent-Marton 165 

Tongern 26,444 

Tours 24 

Trent 13, 30ff., 82, 212, 389, 397f., 

400f., 406, 444 

Tresselve 24 

Treviso 41,405,444 

Triande (Rhodes) 101, 102, 407, 446 

Triande (Rhodos) 101, 102, 407, 446 

Trient 13, 30ff., 82, 212, 389, 397f., 

400f., 406, 444 

Trier 10 

Triest 98, 423 

Trieste 98,423 

Tripoli 61,445 

Tripolis 61,445 

Troyes (Champagne) 23, 444 

Tschaslau 267,269 

Tuchel (West Prussia) 307 

Tyrnau 42f., 400, 409, 444 



tiberlingen (Baden) 24,395,444 
Utrecht 175 


Valreas (Vaucluse) 16, 394, 396, 402, 


Vatican 7, 31 

Vatikan 7,31 

Venedig 35f., 40f., 48, 403ff., 423 

Venice 35f., 40f., 48, 403ff., 423 

Vicenza 41,444 

Vienna XXIV, 26, 30, 47f., 51, 85 

89, 91, 97, 104, 123, 144, 166, 182, 217, 221, 

268, 27 Iff., 280ff., 323, 356, 378, 387, 420f., 


Vilna 45f., 57, 60, 390, 394, 445 


Warsaw 59f., 394,445 
Warschau 59f., 394, 445 
Weeskenhof (Crossen) 329 

Weimar 10 

Weissenburg (Alsace) 15, 443 

WeiBenburg (ElsaB) 15,443 

Weissensee (Thuringia) 23, 444 

WeiBensee (Thliringen) 23, 444 

Welish (Weliz) 56f., 388, 445 

Wesel 251 

Wien XXIV, 26, 30, 47f., 51, 85 

89, 91, 97, 104, 123, 144, 166, 182, 217, 221, 

268, 27 Iff., 280ff., 323, 356, 378, 387, 420f., 


Wieschnitz (Polna) 267f., 387 

Wilda-Posen 328 

Wilna 45f., 57, 60, 390, 394, 445 

Wirsitz (West Prussia) 329, 447 

Witow (Polen) 45, 445 

Witow (Poland) 45, 445 

Wolfsheim 15 

Woplawicz (Lublin) 54, 445 

Woznik (Podol) 46, 396, 445 

Woznik (Podolien) 46, 396, 445 

Wiirttemberg 26 


Xanten XXII, 17, 176, 207, 231ff., 295, 

315, 319, 353, 368, 376, 380, 393, 395, 408, 413, 

428f., 437, 446 


Zante 42, 218f., 224f.,406f. 
Zaragoza 14 
Zaratov 343, 362, 446 
Zaslav (Russia) 53,445 
Zboro (Hungary) 136f., 386, 446 
Zbor6(Ungam) 136f., 386, 446 
Zempelburg (West Prussia) 305 
Zglobice (Poland) 45 
Zglobice (Polen) 45 
Zilah 51 
Zurich 25,444 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Index of People 

(p. 465) 

[Translator's Note: I have inserted the EngUsh translation of German titles, as 
well as the variant spellings of some of the proper names, particularly in the case of 
Russian names, which in the German text have been spelled phonetically for 
German speakers in the original text. 

I have also kept the German convention of creating separate categories for words 
beginning with the letter/s S, Sch, and St.] 


Aaron 47 

Abdelnour, Henry 127, 446 

Abdul Meschid, Sultan 122 

Abraham 50, 389 

Abranyi 171 

Abu-el-Afieh (Mohammed Effendi), Moses, Rabbi 67ff., 178 

344, 375, 391, 401f., 410 

Abulaffia, Abraham, Rabbi 376 

AceHn 24 

Adamovicz, Marianna 57 

Adler,Ignatz 195f. 

Agnes, Grdfin von Dreux 

[Agnes, Countess of Dreux] 14 

Albayuceto, Moses 18 

Albert von Thuringen, Landgraf [Albert of Thuringia, Landgrave] 23 

Albrecht von Osterreich, Erzherzog 

[Albrecht of Austria, Archduke] 26 

Albrecht von Sachsen, Herzog 

[Albrecht of Saxony, Duke] 30 

Alfons X., Konig von Kastilien 

[Alfonso X, King of Castile] 14 

Amara, Ibrahim 65f., 77ff., 119, 393, 401, 445 

Ammann 171 

Anastasia 47 

Ancona, Rafful 57 

Andrassy,Gra/ [Count] 194 

Andrea, J. P. 378 

Angelus (Engel) [Angel] 388, 399, 403 

Antabli, Jakob, Rabbi 71 ff., 401f., 411 

Antiochis, Epiphanes 12 

Anzelin 37 

ApoUodorus XII 

Apponyi, Graf [Count] 97 

Arendar 361 

Arias, Juan de Avila, Bischof 

[John Arias of Avila, Bishop] 30 

Aristodemos XII 

(p. 466) 

Arndt 202 

Ashley, Lord 110 

Aub, Rabbi 84f. 

Auerbach, Isaac Levin, Rabbi 84 

Augustinus [Augustine] XVII 

Aurednicek 275f., 281f. 

Aventin, Johann 21 

Ayerst,W. 95 


Baer (Ursus) 403,405 

Balaban, Majer 355 

Balars, Johann 195 

Balars, Juliska 195,386,445 

Baldgrow 358f. 

Ballestrem, Graf von 

[Count von Ballestrem] 435 

Baltazzar, Desidor, Bischof 363 

Barker, John 57 

Barth,Dr. 167f., 213f. 

Bary, Josef 143, 152ff., 162ff., 177ff., 389, 425f. 

Basnaye 17 

Bassermann, Albert 351 

Bassermann, Ernst 349 

Batori,Frau 185 

Batori, Sophie 185 

Bauer 234 

Baumgardt 237ff., 247ff., 260f. 

Baumgarten, Emanuel 41 

Baxa 275f., 283, 324, 366, 432f. 

Beaudin, von 80 

Bechterev 370 

Bechterew 370 

Beckmann 250 

Behrendt 201ff., 324 

Beilis XX, 340ff., 387 

Belki 180 

Bellagi, Aladar 43 

Benedikt XIV., Papst 

[Pope Benedict XIV] 29 

Benesch, Anna 269 

Berg 309 

Bernhard, Kardinal [Cardinal] 20 

Bernsmann 250 

Bewer, Max 411 

Bickell 430,431 

Biedermann, Regine 123 

Birk 240 

Birt,John 114 

Bischoff 200 

Bischoff, Erich XIV, 5, 7, 40, 77, 87, 376, 381, 382 

Bismarck, Otto von 318,411 

Bleichroder 240 

Bleske 301, 302 

Bloch 431 

Blumenheim, schdchter [ritual-slaughterer] 201, 202 

B6ckel,Otto 318 

Bonig 434 

Borne (Baruch) 54 

Bottger 325 

Bogrow, J. G. XX, 145, 342 

Bohm 309 

Bohne 330 

Borchardt 296 

BoB[Boss] 199ff.,386 

Both, Melchior 157, 158 

Bowring 113 

Brauer, Leopold, Rabbi 377 

Brafmann, Jocob 9 

Brandts 242 

Braun, Abraham 152,154,181,426 

Braun,L,eopold, schdchter 181 

Braun, Police Inspector 297f. 

Breitmann 340 

Bresser 249,260 

Bretter 267 

Breznovsky 280 

Brix, Helene 326f., 395, 447 

Brixius 240, 260f. 

Bruck, Ludwig van 

Bruckmann, schdchter 234, 245 

Bruhn 325 

Bryant, Jeremias 113 

Buch,WiUi 319,325 

Buchwald 233f. 

Bulova,J.A. 274,278 

Burcellas 397 

Burkhardt, Jakob 41,405 

Buschhoff, schdchter 17, 232ff., 368, 380, 427, 437 

Buschhoff, Frau 232ff. 


Buschhoff, Hermine 243 

Buschhoff, Siegmund 244 

Buxbaum, Abraham 18 If., 186 


Cantipratanus (Cantimpre), Thomas 397 

Capper, Samuel 114 

Carmona 129 

Caro 23 

Caspar! 384 

Caspary 293f., 380 

Chalupa 267 

Chebeli 401 

Cheberyakov, Ludmilla 344, 359, 360 

Cheberyakov, Valya 344, 359f. 

Cheberyakov, Vera 344ff., 365 

Cheberyakov, Zhenya 344, 358ff. 

Chestobitov 343,446 

Chiarini, Luigi 7 

Chosroes II., King of the Persians 13 

Cink 323 

Clary, Gra/ [Count] 279 

Cochelet 116 

Cohen 92 

Cohen, Isaak 108 

Colman 113 

Connel,0. 109 

Conrad 23, 394, 444 

Copinus, Rabbi 19,388 

Cremieux-Smeerkopp, Isaac Adolphe XXV, 66, 88ff., 96, 

107, llOff., 343, 368, 382, 419ff. 

Cseres 185, 191 

Curtis 113 

Curtius 262f. 

Cybulla, Onophrius 199ff., 304, 386, 395, 446 

Czepkanics 165 


Dammann 392 

Danloux 219 

David 129 

Davis 102 

Deckert, Johannes 31ff., 39f., 413 

Deditius 294ff., 301, 315ff. 

Deeg, Peter 91,97 

Dehmel, Richard 351 

Delgrasso 71 

Deliorgis 217,227 

Delitzsch, Elisabeth 87 

Delitzsch, Franz 86f., 176, 352, 384, 431 

Delitzsch, Friedrich 352 

Delyannis 213 

Desmeloizes 82 

Desportes, Henri 191,326 

Dessyla, Maria 210ff., 386, 395, 446 

Dornbach, Peter 241, 250 

Dove 349 

Drach, Simon 119 

Draseke 93f. 

Drumont, Edouard 126, 191, 325 

Durfort-Civrac, Gra/ [Count] 61 

Dycx, Ludwig 45 


Eck,Johann 11, 26, 39, 43f., 175, 394 

Eckardstein, Frh. v. [Baron] 435 

Ecker, Jakob 10,381 

Edward I, King of England 20 

Egressi-Nagy, Ladislaus 158 

Ehrenf eld, Alexander 138 

Einhorn 155 

Eisenmenger, Johann Andreas XIX, 7, 9, 377f., 431 

Eisenstadt, schdchter 306f. 

Elbogen 287 

Eleasar, Rabbi 391 

Emeljanow/Emelyanov 338 

E6tv6s,Karl 190 

Ephraim 21 If. 

Eucken, Rudolf 351 

Eulenberg, Hernert 351 


Fabri, Felix 405 
Farahi, Asian 78f. 
Farahi, Joseph 79f. 
Farahi, Meir 78f. 
Farahi, Murad 78f. 
Farahi, Raphael 68 
Farkas, Gabriel 150 
Fatis, Johann von 31 
Fatschallah-Sayegh 59, 445 
Feder 144 

Feher, Johann 141 

Feller 49 

Feltre, Bernardin von 41 

Feltro, Johannes Christianus de (Giovanni da Feltre) 397 

Fern, Athanasius XXVI, 91, 326, 383, 398 

Fischer 293 

Fischer, Staatsanwalt 357ff., 395, 

Flegmann 167 

Fleischhauer 240f., 254, 259, 261 

Forster, Bernhard XXII, 171 

Forster,Paul XXII, 171 

Fornarachi, Evangelio 126,270,446 

Freudenteil, Udadelizen 113 

Freund, Walter 41, 122 

Frey 25, 443 

Friedmann, Bernhard 19 If. 

Friedrich I, Konig von Preufien 

[Frederick I, King of Prussia] 378 

Friedrich II., deutscher Kaiser 

[Frederick II, German Emperor] 16 

Friedrich III., deutscher Kaiser 

[Frederick III, German Emperor] 404 

Friedrich v. Thiiringen 

[Frederick of Thurnigia] 23 

Fritsch, Theodor XXII, XXVI, 285, 321, 326, 343f., 351 

353, 355, 365, 387, 414, 430 

Fritsch, Theodor, jun. XXVII 

Fuchs^ schdchter 438 

Ftirst, Julius 


Gambetta 89 

Gammersbach 241, 254 

Ganganelli 429 

Gappa 199 

Garney, Samuel 113 

Gebauer 434 

Geiger, Rabbi 377 

George, King of Greece 221 

Gerber, Simon 32, 39, 51, 388ff., 399, 443 

Ghillany, F. W. XXVII, 375 

Glagau, Otto XXII, 136, 171, 203 

Godefroy 113 

Goldberg, Oskar XIV, XV, 385, 414f. 

Goldberger, Rabbi 141, 272ff., 280 

Goldschmidt, Lazarus (Eliezer ben Gabriel) 412 

Goldschmidt 193f. 

Golubow/Golubov 339, 345, 358f., 369 

Gordon-Laskowitz, von 434 

Grabowicz 305f. 

Graetz XX, 54, 381, 384 

Greene, Benjamin 113 

Gregor 36 

Gregor X., Papst [Gregory X, Pope] 17 

Gregor XIII., Papst 

[Pope Gregory XIII] 39 

Groo, Anton de 249 

GroB, Martin [Gross, Martin] 165, 182 

GroBberg [Grossberg] 185, 196 

GroBmann [Grossman] 165 

GroBmann, Hermann [Grossman, Hermann] 139f. 

Grudsinskoi, Vinzens 338 

Griinwald, Leopold 142 

Grusenberg 360 

Gudemann, Rabbi 284, 356, 415 

Gunkel 6 

Guttmann 182 

Guttmann 331 


Haas 412 

Hanschen [child] 25,443 

Hagel, Olga 327, 336, 395, 446 

MdXX^Y^schdchter 307 

Haman 6,411 

Hamburger, schdchter 307, 438 

Hamm 239, 241ff. 

Hammer 435 

Harari, Aaron 67f., 401 

Harari, David 67f. 

Harari, Isaak 67f., 401 

Harari, Joseph 67f 

Harling, P. von 87 

Hartwig 322 

Hasenstein 315 

Hauptmann, Gerhart 351 


Ha vas, Emmerich 159f. 

Hearne, Daniel 114 

Heczey, Daniel 50 

Hegmann 23 Iff. 

Hegmann,Frau 23 Iff. 

Hegmann, Johann 23 Iff., 386, 392, 395, 409, 

427, 446 

Heine, Heinrich 54, 380, 413 

Henry II, King of England 13 

Henry III, King of England 17 

Heinrich, Erzbischofv. Mainz 

[Heinrich, Archbishop of Mainz] 22 

Heinrich, Prinz zu Schonaich-Carolath 

[Heinrich, Prince of Schonaich-Carolath] 349 

Heinrich [child] 15,21,442 

Heise 435 

Heister, Gerhard 235, 241 

Henrici, Ernst XXII, 169, 171 

Renter 179 

Hersko, David 165, 182 

Herzl, Theodor 90, 122 

Heumann 179, 184 

Heymann, scMc/ifer 438 

Heymann-Levy 162, 167 

Hilgendorff 434 

Hilsner, Itzig 268 

Hilsner, Leopold 268ff., 324, 344, 353, 387f., 


Hinderbach, Bischofvon Trient 

[Hinderbach, Bishop of Trent] 34ff., 40 

Hirsch 56 

Hirsch,Max 328 

Hirsch, Levy 87 

Hirsch-Hildesheimer, Rabbi 261 

Hirschfeld 353 

Hirsekorn 327 

Hitler, Adolf 415 

"Hlawin" 267 

Hlogelew/Hlogelev 362 

Hodges 109f. 

Hoft 201f., 323, 436 

Holzgen 245 

Hoffmann, Anna 298f. 

Hoffmann (Konitz) 297f. 

Hoffmann, Rabbi 353 

Holz,Karl 194,273 

Horodezky 135,342,376 

Horowitz 136 

Horvath 163 

Horwitz, Rabbi 260 

Hosmann, Sigismund 25 

Hossar 404 

Hruza, Agnes 269ff., 387, 393, 395ff., 409, 446 

Hruza, Johann 278 

Hruza, Maria 273, 278 

Hugo/Hugh [child] 18, 391, 443 

Huizinga 10 

Huri 146f.,425 

Huwitz, Jesaja/Isaiah, Rabbi XIV, 382 

Husek, JaromirAfaromir 271 


Ilatz, Menachem, Rabbi 173 

Innocenz IV., Papst 

[Pope Innocent IV] 16, 364 

Ipatjew/Ipatyev 364 

Isaac 249 

Isaak, Rabbi 47 

Isaak (Cologne) 403,405 

Israel 398f. 

Israel, Jakob, Rabbi 102 

d'Israeli, Isaac 55,91 

Israelski 308f. 

Isserles, Mose, Rabbi 381 

Iwanow, Jemelian/Ivanov, Yemelian 58, 388, 444 


Jacob 45 

Janda 275 

Jarmy, Eugen 150 

Jezek 275, 280 

Jonge, Morris de 240 

Joseph 27 

Joseph, Rabbi 399 

Josephson, schdchter 199ff., 395 

Josephus 12 

Junger, Abraham 154 

Juschtinsky, Andrej/Yustschinsky, Andrei XXII, 335ff., 380, 

387, 395, 447 

Justus-Briman 10 



Kador, Agnes 329,386,447 

Kaempf 349 

Kann, C. 424 

Karabtschewski/Karabchevsky 360 

Karapanos 226 

Charles VI, King of France 25 

Karo, Josef, Rabbi 381 

Kelchner, Elma 331, 395, 447 

Kellermann, Rabbi 308, 386 

Kempkes, Peter 242 

Keri, Geza von 163 

Kernder, Heinrich 236, 241 

Kernder, Stephan 23 5f. 

Kerschensteiner, Georg 349 

Kirelis, Simon 47, 388, 445 

KiB/Kiss 162f., 187 

Kittel, Rudolf 351 

Klahn 331 

Klausner 296 

Klee, Josef 138 

Kleemann, Barbara 142 

Klein, Ignaz 165, 182 

Klenovec 270f., 325 

Klima, Franz 267 

Klima, Maria 267f., 283, 395, 446 

Klotz 434 

Kluth 241ff., 255 

Kocsis, Josef 139 

Kohlmayer, Josef 146, 425 

Kopp 429 

Kornis, Franz von 182ff., 193 

Kossorotow/Kossorotov 369 

Kozma, Alexander V. 158f., 194 

Krall^v. 286 

Krasowski 339ff., 345f., 360 

Kubowitz, Franz 137 

Kuppers, Wilhelm 232, 237, 242, 244, 427 

Kunzewitsch 339 

Kurzweil, Moritz 280 


Lagarde, Paul de 175 

Lange (Konitz) 214 

Laniado, Joseph 67f. 

Laskowski 305 

Latas, Dionysius 219 

Laurent, Achille 8, 66, 96, 408 

Laurin 77, 96ff., 110, 119, 423 

Lautsch 314 

Lazzari (Lazarus) 403 

Leers, Johann v. XXVII, 10, 88, 385, 414 

Lehmann, Fr. Karl 277 

Leibowitz, Soruch 53 

Lemme 113 

Lenzen 250 

Lewinski 308 

Lewy/Levy, Adolf, schdchter 303ff. 

Lewy/Levy, Moritz 305ff., 436 

Lichtman, Josef 155, 161, 167, 185 

Liebe, Georg 30 

Liebermann von Sonnenberg, Max XXII, 171, 194, 


Liebmann 240 

Liechtenstein, Prince 194 

Lindenau 200 

Lipschitz, Leopold, Rabbi 173, 176 

Liszt, Franz von XXII, 286f. 

Ljutostanskiy, HyppoUt 

[Lyutostansky, Hyppolit] 59, 393 

Lloyd 113 

Locherer, Franz 51,444 

Locherer, Joseph 51 

Loe,Gra/ [Count] 255,262 

Lowe, Rabbi 110 

Lowenstein, L. H. XXI, XXII, 88, 94f., 106, 


Lowi, Rabbi 424 

Lorenzo 41,443 

Lory, Konrad 26 

Louis Philippe, "Citizen-King" 89, 99 

Lucas 315 

Lucius 397 

Ludwig IV, Kaiser 25 

Louis X, King of France 24 

Lustig, Moritz 152 


Lustig, Samuel 152,154,181,426 

Luther, Martin 6 

Luzzatto, Rabbbi 377 


Machar 286 

Madden 111 

Maimonides XIV, 10 

Mair,Hans 28f. 

MaiBlinger/Maisslinger, Gregor 43, 428f., 444 

Mallmann 243,248,259 

Manche 240 

Manheimer 123,419 

Mann, Thomas 351 

Marczianyi, Georg Ritter v. [Knight] XXIV, 143f., 

157, 177ff., 190, 390 

Mardochai [Mordechai] 6, 411 

Margaretha 20,443 

Margaritha, Antonius XIV, 382 

Margoles, Rabbi 382 

Margolin 346 

Martin V., Papst 

[Pope Martin V] 17 

Martin, Konrad, Bischof [Bishop] 6 

Masaryk, Thomas Garrigue 274, 278, 284ff., 353, 


Masloff 296, 309f., 387, 433 

Massari 70f., 79 

MaBlow/Masslov 343,446 

Mastermann 113 

Maubach 315 

Mauritz, Anna 244 

Maximilian I., Emperor 27, 29, 39, 93 

Mayer, Georg 141 

Mehemed Ali, Viceroy of Egypt 95, 99, 100, 

116ff., 122,418 

Meilla 394 

MeiBner/Meissner 357 

Mendelssohn (Paris) XXIV 

Mendelssohn (Berlin) 364 

Mergenthal, Johann von 30 

Merlato 70, 77, 80, 96ff., 101, 109f., 119, 423 

Metternich, Prince 104, 1 10, 1 19, 123, 419, 423 

Meyer 296 

Meyer, J. F. von 409 

Meyer-Magnus 170, 171 

Michalek 270, 392 

Michel 43 

Mihalkovics 180 

Mischtschuk 338f., 347 

Mittenzweig 304 

Mnich, Franziska 394, 446 

Mocenigo, Pietro, Doge of Venice 36, 41, 406 

Molders 236, 241, 246, 248, 261 

Moll, Dora 232 

Mommsen, Theodor 143 

Mondovi, 8 

Montefiore, F. A. 90 

Montefiote, Moses 90, 96, 106ff., 419, 421 

Morrison 114 

Moses (de Saxonia), Rabbi 403 

Moses (Trent) 32, 39, 400, 404 

Mosko 47 

Mousseaux, Gougenot des XIX, 8, 10, 22, 65, 96 

MuUer 294, 301f. 

Munck 112,121 

Munro, Alexander 114 

Murad-el-Fattal 68f., 78f., 393 

Musial, Stanislaus 328, 331, 336, 395, 446 


Nathan, Paul XXII, XXIII, 124, 143f., 148f., 159, 

168, 172f., 177, 182, 184, 189, 195, 257, 259f., 274, 348f., 

353, 400 

Nathanael, Erxbischof [Archbishop] 131 

Naxon 211 

Neander, A. 95, 384 

Neophit [Neophytel-Weinjung, Noe 9, 59, 377, 383, 408 

Nikitin, Trofim 56 

Nitykowski-Grellen, von 435 

Nobiling 143 

Noldeke 175, 246, 375, 429f. 

Nosseck 308 


Novaria, Paul de 36 

Novello, Sebastian 41,443 

Nuninghoff 234 

NuBbaum/Nussbaum, Arthur XXII, XXIII, 268, 

275, 283, 286f. 


Oberwinder 238, 258, 269ff. 

Obolonski 336, 369 

Ofner 286 

Onody, Geza von XXIV, 17f., 49, 135ff., 156ff., 

171ff., 177, 387 

Oppenheim 364 

Orczy, Bela, Baron 193 

Origines XVII 

Osiander 434 

Oster, Abraham 239, 250, 260 

Oxner, Andreas 28f., 388, 393, 443 


Paasch 240 

Paasche,H. S. 349 

Palmerston, Lord 103, 107ff., 114f. 

Panvino, Franz 3 1 

Papebroch 21 

Papp, Josef 147 

Parisiensis, Matthias 17f. 

Parpatt, von 434 

Passarge, S. XX, XXV, 379 

Pasztor, Josef 151 

Paul III., Papst [Paul III, Pope] 17 

Pauler 156, 158, 160, 167, 177, 193 

Peak 140 

Pecho, Salomon, Rabbi 30 

Peczely, Koloman 153 

Peel, Robert, Sir 107,109,114 

Peretz 343 

Pernicek, Marie 141, 272f., 344, 390 

Petrarca [Petrarch] 405 

Petrowicz, Ossyp 60 

Pevny 283 

Philipp II. Augustus, King of France 14 

Philipp IV, King of France 23f. 

Philipp V, King of France 24 

Philppson, Rabbi 84,93 

Piccioto, Isaak 78f., 98, 368 

Pickenbach 171 

Pieritz, G. W. 82, 94ff., 107, 109, 113, 

218, 353, 384 

Piesenharter, Michael 44, 388, 445 

Pietrzynin, Albert 46, 445 

Pincas, Rabbi 84 

Pinner 10 

Pir 357 

Plutarch XII 

Pock, Thomas 27 

Pock, Ursula 26f., 444 

Pohl,J. 375 

Poleschtschuk 360 

Ponsonby, Lord 103, 122 

Pope Benedict XIV 29 

Pope Gregory XIII 39 

Pope Innocent IV 16, 364 

Pope Martin V 17 

PopeSixtusIV 3 If, 39 

Posadowsky/Posadovsky, Graf [Count] 349 

Praitschedlin, Margareta 26 

Premuda 98 

PreuB/Preuss 202f., 353 

Prichodko, Alexandra 335f. 

Prokes 270, 281, 392 

Przewlocka/Przevloka 315 

Puffke-Lipnitzki 167f. 

Purischkewitsch/Purischkevitch 365 

Puttkamer, von 170,201 


Raabe 9 

Rasputin 364 

Ratti-Menton, Graf [Count] 57, 67f., 80f., 91, 

94ff., 101,401 

Ranch 299 

Raynaldi 71 

Recsky, Andreas 152f. 

Reichenbach 237, 271, 278f., 285, 324 

Reinhard 251 

Remy 244 

Richard [child] 14 

Richard 200 

Rickert 187, 240, 256, 351, 427f., 436 


Riesbraeck 235, 237, 243 

Riga 57 

Ritter, Gittel 274 

Ritter, Josef 331 

Ritter, moses 274 

Rizardo 403,405f. 

Robert 13,443 

Roelen 244 

Rohde 437 

Rohling, August 10, 246, 376, 387, 390, 

409, 429f. 

Romer 155 

Roosevelt, F. D. 125 

Rosen 365 

Rosenberg, Alfred XIX, 22, 65, 284 

Rosenberg, Hermann 427 

Rosenthal, Samuel 310f., 344 

Roth 166 

Rothschild, Albert 192 

Rothschild, Jakob 99,110 

Rothschild, Lionel 108 

Rothschild, Lionel Walther 364 

Rothschild, Nathaniel 108 

Rothschild, Nathan Mayer 90 

Rothschild, Salomon 97f. 

Ruber 272 

Rudolf [child] 22,444 

Rudolf I., Kaiser [Emperor] 22f. 

Ruppel 171 


Sadii 272 

Saifmacher, David 43f. 

Saizew/Zaitsev 340f., 361, 366, 386 

Salina 71 

Salis, Hans von 36f. 

Salomon 28 

Salomons 326f. 

Salomons, David 113 

Saloniki, Moses, Rabbi 67ff. 

Samuel 27 

Samuel (Trent), Rabbi 32, 39, 375, 388f., 


Sarda, Salomon 209ff., 386 

Selim HI, Sultan 54 

Selmann 47 

Seneca XIX, 324 

Serouios 126 

Settegast 294, 298, 31 3f. 

Sibeth 113 

Sigismund, Herzog von Osterreich 

[Duke of Austria] 34,39 

Sijthoff, A. W. 386 

Sikorski 337, 361, 369f. 

Simanowitsch/Simanovitch, Aron 364f., 370 

Simon 378 

Simonyi, Ivan von 171 

Simson 113 

Sinn 271 

Sipos, Lidi 140f., 395, 446 

Sipos, Peter 139 

SipoB/Siposs 186 

Six,F.A. 424 

Sixtus IV., Papst 

[Pope Sixtus IV] 3 If., 39 

Smierlowicz, Joachim 45 

Smilovics, JankelAfankel 165,182 

Smith, Abel 113 

Soliman 67ff., 393, 401 

Solymosi, Esther 146ff., 386f. 

Solymosi, Gabriel 147 

Solymosi, Johann 185 

Solymosi, Sophie 147, 153, 425 

Solymosi, Frau 146ff., 166ff., 183ff., 425 

Sombart, Werner XX, 349f., 351 

Soos, Andreas 151 

Soos, Elisabeth 150 

Soos, Koloman von 159 

Spaur, Jacob von 38 

Speisiger 312,321 

Springer, David, Rabbi 400 

Sudermann, Hermann 351 

SiiBmann/Siissman, Jakob 152, 155, 186,427 

Sveschint 404f. 

Szabo 158,394 

Szabo, Emerich 137,446 

Szabo, Peter 137 

Szabo, therese 138,446 

Szafranski 328 


Szapary, Graf [Count] 192 

Szecho 44 

Szeyffert, Eduard von 160, 181f., 190, 194 


Schaeffer 384 

Schaezler 113 

Schar 434 

Scharf, Joseph 148f., 181, 232, 244 

Scharf, Moritz 150f., 164, 178f., 183ff., 

387ff., 425f. 

Scharf, Roszi 425 

Scharf, Samu 150f., 184, 425 

Scheftelowitz, Isidor, Rabbi XIII, 381 

Schelling, von 239f., 264 

Schestobitow/Chestobitov 343, 446 

Scheuthauer 179 

Schiefelbein, Julius 330 

Schieferl, F. X. 379 

Schiff, M. P. 274 

Schikowski, Walter 329 

Schlesinger, M. 353 

SchleB/Schless 233f., 243f., 251 

Schloer 243 

Schmeitzner, Ernst 157 

Schid, Jacob 27 

Schmidt, Luise 330 

Schneerson, Bunja/Bunya, schdchter 343 

Schneerson, Faivel, schdchter 342f., 

367, 387, 390 

Schneerson, Mendel, schdchter 343 

Schneerson, Salomon, schdchter 343 

Schneerson, Schalom/Shalom 343 

Schneider 182,194,271,277 

Schneider-Swoboda 279 

Schtscheglowitow/Zheglovitiv 364, 370 

Schubert, G. H. von 92 

Schubert, Heinrich 66 

Schudt 19 

Schulze 434 

Schulze 298 

Schunck-Souchay 113 

Schwab, Dietrich XIX 

Schwarz-Bostunitsch, Gregor 335 

Schwarz, Dieter 424 

Schwarz, Salomon, scMc^^er 153, 156, 


Schweizer, Zanesus 37 

Schwer, Hans Arnold 274,431 

Schwindt 258, 262 


Stadthagen 438 

Stambuli, Aaron 77f., 407 

Stambuli (Rhodes) 101 

Stapper 241, 252 

Steincke 306 

Steiner 233, 245, 25 If., 392 

Stephanos 129,446 

Stern 284 

Stern, Mortiz 40, 353, 402 

Stockebrandt 434 

Stocker 171, 190, 238f., 256, 264, 407 

Stormer 304 

StoB/Stoss, G. 286 

Strack, H. L. XXIII, 176, 352f., 397, 

399, 402, 430 

Strnad, Josef 323 


Taft 125 

Takals, Andreas 50, 389ff., 445 

Tanyi, Elisabeth 151 

Tartakowski 344,361 

Taub, Emanuel 181,186,427 

Theobald, Count of Chartres 13 

Thiers 82,110,118 

Thoma, Ludwig 351 

Thomas, Pater [Father] 65ff., 8 If., 114 

118ff., 380, 383, 388, 393, 395, 445 

Tiberinus, Hans Mathias 3 1 

Tillich, Mathias 47, 445 

Tinkhauser, Georg 27 

Tisza, Koloman v. 136, 157, 166, 177, 193 

Tobias 31,403,406 


Toller, Ernst 143 

Trajtler/Traytler 163, 187 

Trikupis 223 

Troizki/Troytsky 362 

Trotzki/Trotsky 369 

Tschberjakow/Cheberyakov, Ljudmilla/Ludmilla 

344, 359, 360 

Tschberjakow/Cheberyakov, Rschenja/Zhenya 

344, 358ff. 

Tschberjakow/Cheberyakov, WaljaA^alya 

344, 359f. 

Tschberjakow/Cheberyakov, Wjera/Vera 

344ff., 365 

Tschorny, Chaim 57 

Tucchinski 305 

Tuchler 293, 380 

Tufanow/Tufanov 336 

Turnbull 113 


Ullenboom 247 
UUmann, Rabbi 84 


Val, Dominicus del 18 
Val, Merry del 364 

Vasilios, Helene 129,446 

Veith, Emanuel 85,384 

Vellemann 250 

Venhoff,Frau 237 

Venhoff, Peter 235f. 

Ventimiglia (Baptista dei Giudici) 34ff., 346 

Verhovay 177 

Verhiilsdong 236, 238 

Vesely, Franz 278 

Viebig, Clara 351 

Victoria, Queen of England 90, 111, 124 

Virchow, Rudolph 187 

Vitelmann 26 

Vitoduran, Joh. 25 

Vodicka 283 

Vogel,amsel 165, 181 

Vomela 271 

Vytlacil, Josepha 274 


WaBmann/Wassmann 330 

Wehn 295f. 

Weichel 437 

Weinjung (see Neophyte) 

WeiBsteinAVeisstein, Lazarus 14, 181,425 

Weller, Hieronymus 30 

Wendt 437 

Wenkheim, Bela, Baron 136 

Wenzel II. [Wenscelus II]. King 24 

Werner 21f.,413,443 

Wertheimer, Simson, Rabbi 378 

Wertheimstein, Louise von 123 

Wertheimstein, Nanette von 123 

Wesdehlen,Gra/ [Count] 221 

Wiesen, Rabbi 10 

Wilhelm I., Kaiser [Emperor] 89, 143, 240 

Wilhelm II., KAiser [Emperor] 463 

William 13,382,443 

Windheus 243 

Winkler 137 

Winter, Ernst 83, 148, 150, 282, 291ff. 

380, 385f., 391, 415, 433f., 446 

Wire 111 

Wolff 238f., 243f., 247 

Wolfgang 35 

Wolfl 44 

WoUner, Hermann 153f., 181, 387 

Worms, Baron von 220 

Wunsche, August 176, 351f., 384 

Wulff 315 


Xerxes (Ahasveros) 6, 382 


Yustschinsky, Andrei XXII, 335ff., 380, 
387, 395, 447 


Zach, Ignatius 29 

Zaitsev 340f., 361, 366, 386 

Zamba, Hanna 136 

Zander 435 

Zapolya, stefan von 400 

Zarudny 362 

Zervos, Georgios 210, 213, 222f. 

Zheglovitiv 364, 370 

Ziebart 301 

Ziegler, Rabbi 356f. 

Zilinski 201 

Zimmermann 298, 309, 31 2f. 

Zsigmond, Julius 141 

Zukowski 60 

Zunz, Rabbi 377 

Zwi-Klotzel/Zvi-Klotzel, Cheskel XXV, 383f. 

Back to Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Gallery I: Andreas of Rinn 



L hied der Mutter vtm ihrem Kind urn frith en 
de-Y i2. JuJL Sir trdst eine Sichei aLs Arbeiis- 

The ritual- 
murder case of 
Andreas of 
Rinn, despite 
the fact that it 
took place over 
500 years ago, 
is one of the 
most well- 
known and best- 
cases of this 
kind. The 
caption reads: 
The leave- 
taking of the 
mother from 
her child in the 
early morning 
of 12 July. In 
her hand she 
carries a sickle 
as a tool for 
work. The 
godfather gives 
his sacred 
promise to 
watch over the 

In this and in 
the following 

DerAhschicdJerMiitrer Vim ihre^fi Kim! am jnthi::^ 
Morgcndey t2. JuiL Sie (rdgteinc Sivhei als Arheiis- 
werkzeii^ hi ihn^r Hand. Der Taiifpate vi^r.sprh hr 
hoch und heiiiM, an/das Kind ^ut achizugeben. 

images, the 
narrative of the 

surrounding the 
death of 
Andreas ~ 
more familarly 
known by the affectionate diminutive of his name, Anderl — is illustrated. There have been 
dozens of historically well-known major cases like this one in Europe, and their victims have 
been memorialized by sculpture, paintings, drawings, and churches. But in today's Europe, in 
which Zionist influence has reached a zenith, there has been a relentless campaign to expurgate 
such monuments ~ and to kill the cultural memory of every nation. This is a necessary step in 
the program to create the New World Order, a tyranny whose egalitarian Dystopia and "global 
economy" necessitates the destruction of European/Aryan/White culture and genetic identity in 
general: i.e., the genocide of Whites. 

The caption 
reads: Johann 
Mayr, the 
farmer from 
the Weiselhof 
deals in the 
inn with the 

merchants for 
the sale of the 
child, whose 
godfather and 
guardian he 

Johann Miiw. iier Buuer \om Weiselh^^l verha^r- 
Mf im GtL^ihittiA mil den jfklischen Knyfleiiten 
titer den Verkaufdes Ktridex. (lessen T^iufpate utid 
V^^nimnd er isf. 



■ " '"'f'^'^, ^ai£^ \ " ~ ■■■'■■ '■ •'' 'iife*^ ^at*J 




IL < -^as^ 

"^^ :;#"':^",^- . #^r;#zi-. ^" ; f - ■ 

^f*#i^J^C '.^ 

^-f #« £«rr ^«|P^ ■■*.'% -if.H 



Das Marsyrium des unjichuldigen Kindes Andreas 

aufdem Judenstein. 

The caption 
reads: The 
martyrdom of 
the innocent 
child Andreas 
on the Jew- 

.. J^ The caption 
reads: The 
body of the 
child Andreas 
lies in state on 
the Jew-stone. 

Dei Leiihrnuu des Kimfes AfUJreas lie,;! auj dem 

The caption 
reads: The 
burial of the 
holy martyr 
child in the 
cemetary of the 
church ofRinn. 

Das Hi\^rii/mfs des heiii^t^n Miirlyrerkuutex im 
FfUriihaJiicr Kin he von Rmn^ 

The caption 
reads: The first 
procession of 
relics to the 
Jew-stone on 
the Feast of the 
Trinity in 1475. 

Die ersfefeieriicf^r Rtfiiptunprozessiot^ zum Judcn- 
A/eiM iitit Dteifafifgkt'iTsfeM 1475. 

The caption 
reads: Emperor 
Maximilian I 
venerates the 
holy child at 
the location of 
his martyrdom 
and resolves to 
build a church. 

Kiiixer Muximiiiaij L verehr/ das hcilii^^ Kind urn 
On xefFtex M^iriynuiHx mid heschliesfif deft Ban 
eitur Kiirhe. 

hn Jcihrf t670 wurilif iHl^ Kirchc Ube^r dem Judenstein 
erricht£t. fm Hmt^rgrand xiehf m^j/i d/i^ Darf fiifm, eine 
Schiit' WiiilfahfL^r zkhi ht^t^ud zur Kirchr, varderHit}s 
tediirftige itndmit Leidi^n Behiiftete vers^mnielfsimi. Im 
Vord^rgri^nd ein Ga.sth^ius. das damais za^ieich mit der 
Kirchefur die Pilger £rnchtet wi^rd^n ht 

The caption 
reads: In the 
year 1670 the 
church was 
erected over 
the Jew-stone. 
In the 

can be seen 
the village of 
Rinn; a band 
of pilgrims, 
praying, is 
the church, in 
front of which 
those afflicted 
with suffering 
and in need of 
succor have 
gathered. In 

foreground is 
an inn that 
was built for 
the pilgrims at 
the same time 
as the church. 


Gallery II 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 

Gallery VI 



Back to: 

Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i tu al - M ur d er : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Gallery II: Andreas of Rinn [cont'd] 

Gcdenkstein bcim ehemaligen Grab des Martyrerkindes 
Andreas am Friedhof von Riiin (nordlich der Kirche). Der 

Gedenkstein bcim ehemaligen Grab des Martyrerkindes 
Andreas am Friedhof von Rinn (nordlich dcr Kirche). Der 
genaue Platz des Grabes befindet sich dori, wo heute die in 
spiiterer Zeit an die Kirche angcbaule Sakrisici steht (im Bild 
recbls). Die hJ. Reliquien des seligen Martyrerkindes ruhten 
drei?:ehn Jahrc (von 1462 bis 1475) im Friedhoi von Rinn. 

The caption reads: Memorial stone at the former grave of the martyr-child Andreas at the cemetary of Rinn (north of 
the church). The exact location of the grave is where the sacristy stands today, which was built onto the church at a 
later time (to the right of the picture). The sacred relics of the blessed martyr rested for thirteen years (1462-1475) in 
the cemetary of Rinn. 

pie Pfarrkirche von Ampafi, zu der viele Jahrhiinderte das Dorf 

Die Pfarrkjrche von AmpaB, zu der viele Jahrlinndcric da.^ Dorf 
Rrnn gehorte. AmpaB ist eine der altcsicii Ptan^ien des 
Itiniales, am Fu6 des Kirchhagcls fiihrie die al(e R6merstra6e 
vorbei. Das Foto wurde von der Nahe des Pfarrhauses aus 
gemachl. Das Dorf AmpaB licgi rechts unten irn Tal. Der linke 
Turm 1st freisLehend. Er tragt die groBe Giocke und birsit die 
Mariahilf-Kapelie. ,: 

The caption reads: The parish church ofAmpafi, to which the village ofRinn belonged for many centuries. Ampafi is 
one of the oldest parishes of the Inn Valley; the old Roman road leads past the foot of the church hill. The photograph 
was taken from the vicinity of the parish house. The village ofAmpafi lies at right, below, in the valley. The left tower 
is free-standing and contains the great bell and has the Mariahilfe chapel inside. 

Der Weiselhof oder Andcrlhof im Weiler ^'Obere I lochstmBc"; 
erbiiut um das Jahr 1430. Die ursprunglkhe Bausubstati/ des 
Hauses ist noch weilgehcnd crhalten. In dicscm Haus wohnten 
die Multer mit ihrem Kind Andreas nach dem ploi/liclien Tod 
dcs Vaters, Die Stube, in der das Kind verkaiin wurde. bcfitidet 
sich rechts von der fcingangsture, Der Hof ist heme nocli 
bewohnt und bewirischaftet. 

The caption reads : The Weiselhof, or Anderlhof, in the Weiler "Upper High Street, " built about 1430. The original 
building material of the house is still well-preserved. In this house lived the mother with her child Andreas after the 
sudden death of the father. The room in which the child was sold is to the right of the entrance door. Today, the Hof is 
still inhabited and functional. 


Gallery I 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 

Gallery VI 



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Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the 
translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h Ri tu al - Mur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Derjudische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Gallery III: Polna, Konitz, Kiev 

Murder in Polna 

Murder of Ernst Winter in Konitz 



[lOMflBH fiPAEocMBHHii nmi mm 


17^a M^pma Kamuiasiticir »cyclp6cHiii ncucitiv 


Death photo of Andrei Yustshinsky in Kiev 


Gallery I 

Gallery II 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 

Gallery VI 



Back to: 

Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the translator 
is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h Ri tu al - Mur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Derjudische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Jewish Ri t u al - M u r d e r : Gallery IV 

Statue of Anderl of Rinn. 

Semitically-friendly Tombstone 


A N D t: K L 









SCStJi^'^'^ '-S' •J'^ ANDERL VON Pimm 
EINQEZ06EN rN GOTTPn EiS^^c ^-^r-?''^J>' 

Historical events have been processed by the Propsphere's special ahgnment machine, to correct for the strong immunological reactions 
which always occur when Gentile host populations resist infection. There's Httle doubt that Andreas of Rinn died at the hands of Jews, 
whatever their motivation. But the text of the new inscription makes the now obligatory genuflection to Holocaustianity: 
















Gallery I 
Gallery II 
Gallery III 
Gallery V 
Gallery VI 


Back to: 

Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the translator 
is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i tu al - Mu r d e r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Jewish Ri t u a 1 - M u r d e r : Gallery V 

Plaque illustrating ritual-murder of Simon of Trent. 




J^^a^JH/ifj amrmajrfr ^rf^j^^p/j * W-/i^^ 

^rwm^^m' Jfr^mm^ I^i^^j^ f^ff^ sawv^^^ 

Bavaria Sancta 

The title at the top of the illustration reads: "Six boys of Ratisbon, killed by the Jews.' 


Gallery I 

Gallery II 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery VI 



Back to: 

Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the translator 
is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h Ri t u al - M ur d er : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Jewish Ri t u al - M u r d e r : Gallery VI 

Sacrifice by Caravaggio 
Abraham about to sacrifice Isaac. 


Gallery I 

Gallery II 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 



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Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h R i t u al - M ur de r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 

Jewish Ritual -Murder : Illust 



Der jiidisdie Ritualraord 

Eine historische Untersuchung 



i> c n L L ."N 

Title page to the 1944 edition of Hellmut Schramm's Derjudische Ritualmord: Eine historisches 
Untersuchung. Notice that the pubUsher is Theodor Fritsch, a veteran in the struggle against Jewish 



Jew of Colchester . . .the more things change, the more they become the same. 

Gallery I 
Gallery II 
Gallery III 
Gallery IV 
Gallery V 
Gallery VI 


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Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express 
written permission of the translator is not permitted. All rights reserved. 

J e w i s h Ri tu al - Mu r d e r : a Historical Investigation 
Der judische Ritualmord: Eine historische Untersuchung von Hellmut Schramm, Ph. D. 


* Samara 

Southern Ottoman Ennpire, ca. 1840 


• Damascus 





Central Europe in the late 19th/early 20th century. 


Gallery I 

Gallery II 

Gallery III 

Gallery IV 

Gallery V 

Gallery VI 


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Table of Contents 

Copyright 2001 by R. Belser. Reproduction in whole or in part without express written permission of the translator is 
not permitted. All rights reserved.